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H.B. 146 Enrolled

             1     

LAW ENFORCEMENT BY FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT

             2     
AGENCY

             3     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Public Safety Code regarding functions of federal officers within
             11      Utah.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines federally managed land;
             15          .    defines federal employee as a person who works for an agency that manages federal
             16      land;
             17          .    defines federal agency as an agency that manages federal land;
             18          .    provides that unless specified under Utah law, federal employees may only exercise
             19      law enforcement authority authorized by federal statute and consistent with the
             20      United States Constitution;
             21          .    provides that Utah does not recognize federal agency authority beyond that
             22      necessary to manage, use, and protect federally managed lands;
             23          .    provides that Utah does not authorize federal enforcement action or prosecution
             24      based on Utah law by federal agencies, as defined in this bill, except as authorized
             25      by agreement with the appropriate state or local law enforcement agency;
             26          .    authorizes state and local law enforcement agencies to assist in enforcing federal
             27      law on federally managed lands by authorized contract;
             28          .    provides that agreements with a federal agency, as defined in this bill, may not be
             29      for longer than two years;


             30          .    provides that state and local law enforcement agencies may not allow federal
             31      agencies to use state or local resources without the written consent of the
             32      appropriate responsible official of the state or local law enforcement agency; and
             33          .    requires the county sheriff to review the activities of any federal enforcement
             34      agency within the county and report to the county attorney.
             35      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             36          None
             37      Other Special Clauses:
             38          None
             39      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             40      AMENDS:
             41          53-13-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             42      ENACTS:
             43          53-13-106.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             44     
             45      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             46          Section 1. Section 53-13-106 is amended to read:
             47           53-13-106. Federal officers -- State law enforcement authority.
             48          (1) (a) "Federal officer" includes:
             49          (i) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
             50          (ii) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
             51          (iii) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, excluding
             52      a customs inspector or detention removal officer;
             53          (iv) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
             54          (v) a special agent of the Drug Enforcement Administration;
             55          (vi) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, and special deputy United States
             56      marshal; and
             57          (vii) a U.S. Postal Inspector of the United States Postal Inspection Service.


             58          (b) (i) [Notwithstanding Subsection (2), federal] Federal officers listed in Subsection
             59      (1)(a) have statewide law enforcement authority relating to felony offenses under the laws of
             60      this state. This Subsection (1)(b)(i) takes precedence over Subsection (2).
             61          (ii) Federal agencies and federal employees as defined in Subsection 53-13-106.5 (1)
             62      may exercise law enforcement authority related to felony offenses under Utah law only as
             63      established by an agreement under Subsection 53-13-106.5 (7). This Subsection (1)(b)(ii)
             64      takes precedence over Subsection (2).
             65          (c) The council may designate other federal peace officers, as necessary, if the officers:
             66          (i) are persons employed full-time by the United States government as federally
             67      recognized law enforcement officers primarily responsible for the investigation and
             68      enforcement of the federal laws;
             69          (ii) have successfully completed formal law enforcement training offered by an agency
             70      of the federal government consisting of not less than 400 hours; and
             71          (iii) maintain in-service training in accordance with the standards set forth in Section
             72      53-13-103 .
             73          (2) Except as otherwise provided under Title 63L, Chapter [8] 1, Federal Jurisdiction,
             74      and Title 77, Chapter 9, Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit, a federal officer may exercise state
             75      law enforcement authority only if:
             76          (a) the state law enforcement agencies and county sheriffs with jurisdiction enter into
             77      an agreement with the federal agency to be given authority; and
             78          (b) except as provided in Subsection (3), each federal officer employed by the federal
             79      agency meets the waiver requirements set forth in Section 53-6-206 .
             80          (3) A federal officer working as such in the state on or before July 1, 1995, may
             81      exercise state law enforcement authority without meeting the waiver requirement.
             82          (4) At any time, consistent with any contract with a federal agency, a state or local
             83      law enforcement authority may withdraw state law enforcement authority from any individual
             84      federal officer by sending written notice to the federal agency and to the division.
             85          (5) The authority of a federal officer under this section is limited to the jurisdiction of


             86      the authorizing state or local agency, and may be further limited by the state or local agency to
             87      enforcing specific statutes, codes, or ordinances.
             88          Section 2. Section 53-13-106.5 is enacted to read:
             89          53-13-106.5. State limitations on functions of federal law enforcement officers.
             90          (1) As used in this section:
             91          (a) "Federal agency" means a federal agency that manages federally managed land.
             92          (b) "Federal employee" means an employee of:
             93          (i) the Bureau of Land Management;
             94          (ii) the United States Forest Service; or
             95          (iii) the National Park Service.
             96          (c) "Federally managed land" means land managed by the following federal agencies:
             97          (i) Bureau of Land Management;
             98          (ii) United States Forest Service; and
             99          (iii) the National Park Service.
             100          (2) Unless otherwise provided by Utah law, federal employees performing their duties
             101      in Utah:
             102          (a) may not exercise law enforcement authority solely because the land on which they
             103      exercise the authority is federally managed; and
             104          (b) may exercise only law enforcement authority:
             105          (i) expressly granted by federal statute; and
             106          (ii) consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             107          (3) Utah does not authorize federal employees to exercise law enforcement powers to
             108      enforce the laws of Utah, either on or off federally managed land except as authorized under
             109      this section or other provisions of state statute.
             110          (4) (a) Utah does not recognize the authority of employees or agents of the United
             111      States Department of Interior to exercise law enforcement powers beyond those powers strictly
             112      necessary for the management, use, and protection of federally managed lands, including
             113      property located on these lands, as limited by 43 U.S.C. 1733(a) and 1733(c)(2).


             114          (b) As required by Congress in 43 U.S.C. 1733(c)(1), when the Secretary of Interior
             115      determines that state or local assistance is necessary in enforcing federal laws and regulations
             116      relating to federally managed lands or the resources on those lands, the secretary shall offer a
             117      contract to appropriate state or local law enforcement agencies of the state with the purpose of
             118      achieving maximum feasible reliance upon state or local law enforcement officials in
             119      enforcing the federal laws and regulations.
             120          (5) Utah does not authorize federal employees to take action based on the Utah Code,
             121      Utah Administrative Rules, or county or municipal ordinances as a basis to arrest or cite
             122      persons for prosecution in the federal criminal justice system, unless the action:
             123          (a) has been expressly granted by federal statute; and
             124          (b) is consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             125          (6) State and local government agencies may not allow any federal agency access to or
             126      use of the correctional and communication facilities and equipment of any state or local law
             127      enforcement agency without the express written consent of the appropriate responsible official
             128      of the state or local law enforcement agency.
             129          (7) State and local law enforcement agencies may enter into agreements with federal
             130      agencies granting concurrent authority to enforce federal laws and state and local laws,
             131      provided the agreements are limited to a term not to exceed two years.
             132          (8) (a) County sheriffs shall regularly review the duties and activities of federal
             133      agencies that have law enforcement responsibilities and that are acting within the
             134      jurisdictional area of the county to ascertain whether the federal agencies are acting
             135      consistently with this section.
             136          (b) County sheriffs shall annually report to the county attorney or district attorney of
             137      their jurisdiction the results of all reviews conducted under this Subsection (8).


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