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H.B. 324 Enrolled

             1     

PUBLIC LANDS LITIGATION

             2     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Kenneth W. Sumsion

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Wayne L. Niederhauser

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends and enacts provisions related to actions filed by the attorney general
             10      on property possessed by the federal government and the appropriation of funds for
             11      those actions.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    appropriates money from the Land Exchange Distribution Account to the
             15      Constitutional Defense Restricted Account for legal services and just compensation
             16      for property taken;
             17          .    directs the attorney general to file certain eminent domain or quiet title actions on
             18      property possessed by the federal government;
             19          .    authorizes the attorney general to file an action to enforce a section of the Utah
             20      Enabling Act; and
             21          .    makes technical changes.
             22      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          This bill appropriates $1,000,000 from the Land Exchange Distribution Account for
             24      fiscal years 2010-11, 2011-12, and 2012-13 only to the Constitutional Defense
             25      Restricted Account.
             26      Other Special Clauses:
             27          None
             28      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             29      AMENDS:


             30          53C-3-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 216
             31          63C-4-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 121
             32          63C-4-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 121
             33      ENACTS:
             34          67-5-29, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35     
             36      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             37          Section 1. Section 53C-3-203 is amended to read:
             38           53C-3-203. Land Exchange Distribution Account.
             39          (1) As used in this section, "account" means the Land Exchange Distribution Account
             40      created in Subsection (2)(a).
             41          (2) (a) There is created within the General Fund a restricted account known as the
             42      Land Exchange Distribution Account.
             43          (b) The account shall consist of all revenue deposited in the account as required by
             44      Subsections 53C-3-202 (2)(a)(ii) and (2)(b)(ii).
             45          (3) (a) The state treasurer shall invest monies in the account according to Title 51,
             46      Chapter 7, State Money Management Act.
             47          (b) The Division of Finance shall deposit interest or other earnings derived from
             48      investment of account monies into the General Fund.
             49          (4) [For fiscal years beginning on or after fiscal year 2007-08, because the revenue is
             50      not derived from taxes, the] The Legislature shall annually appropriate from the account in the
             51      following order:
             52          (a) $1,000,000 to the Constitutional Defense Restricted Account, created in
             53      63C-4-103 , to be used in accordance with Subsection 63C-4-103 (6) for:
             54          (i) fiscal year 2010-11;
             55          (ii) fiscal year 2011-12; and
             56          (iii) fiscal year 2012-13; and
             57          (b) from the deposits to the account remaining after the appropriation in Subsection


             58      (4)(a), the following amounts:
             59          [(a)] (i) 55% of [all] the deposits [made to the account] to counties in amounts
             60      proportionate to the amounts of mineral revenue generated from the acquired land, exchanged
             61      land, acquired mineral interests, or exchanged mineral interests located in each county, to be
             62      used to mitigate the impacts caused by mineral development;
             63          [(b)] (ii) 25% of [all] the deposits [made to the account] to counties in amounts
             64      proportionate to the total surface and mineral acreage within each county that was conveyed to
             65      the United States under the agreement or an exchange, to be used to mitigate the loss of
             66      mineral development opportunities resulting from the agreement or exchange;
             67          [(c)] (iii) 1.68% of [all] the deposits [made to the account] to the State Board of
             68      Education, to be used for education research and experimentation in the use of staff and
             69      facilities designed to improve the quality of education in Utah;
             70          [(d)] (iv) 1.66% of [all] the deposits [made to the account] to the Geological Survey,
             71      to be used for natural resources development in the state;
             72          [(e)] (v) 1.66% of [all] the deposits [made to the account] to the Water Research
             73      Laboratory at Utah State University, to be used for water development in the state; and
             74          [(f)] (vi) 7.5% of [all] the deposits [made to the account] to the Constitutional Defense
             75      Restricted Account created in Section 63C-4-103 .
             76          (5) For fiscal years 2007-08 and 2008-09, the Legislature shall annually appropriate
             77      [from the account] 7.5% of [all] the deposits [made to the account] remaining in the account
             78      after the appropriation is made in accordance with Subsection (4)(a) to the Geological Survey,
             79      to be used for test wells and other hydrologic studies in the West Desert.
             80          (6) For fiscal years beginning on or after fiscal year 2009-10, the Legislature shall
             81      annually appropriate [from the account] 7.5% of [all] the deposits [made to the account]
             82      remaining in the account after the appropriation is made in Subsection (4)(a) to the Permanent
             83      Community Impact Fund created in Section 9-4-303 , to be used for grants to political
             84      subdivisions of the state to mitigate the impacts resulting from the development or use of
             85      school and institutional trust lands.


             86          Section 2. Section 63C-4-102 is amended to read:
             87           63C-4-102. Duties.
             88          (1) The Constitutional Defense Council is a council to assist the governor and the
             89      Legislature on the following types of issues:
             90          (a) the constitutionality of unfunded federal mandates;
             91          (b) when making recommendations to challenge the federal mandates and regulations
             92      described in Subsections (1)(e)(i) through (v), the rationale for and effectiveness of those
             93      federal mandates or regulations;
             94          (c) legal and policy issues surrounding state and local government rights under R.S.
             95      2477;
             96          (d) legal issues relating to the rights of the School and Institutional Trust Lands
             97      Administration and its beneficiaries; and
             98          (e) the advisability, feasibility, estimated cost, and likelihood of success of
             99      challenging:
             100          (i) federal court rulings that hinder the management of the state's prison system and
             101      place undue financial hardship on the state's taxpayers;
             102          (ii) federal laws or regulations that reduce or negate water rights or the rights of
             103      owners of private property, or the rights and interest of state and local governments, including
             104      sovereignty interests and the power to provide for the health, safety, and welfare, and promote
             105      the prosperity of their inhabitants;
             106          (iii) conflicting federal regulations or policies in land management on federal land;
             107          (iv) federal intervention that would damage the state's mining, timber, and ranching
             108      industries;
             109          (v) the authority of the Environmental Protection Agency and Congress to mandate
             110      local air quality standards and penalties; and
             111          (vi) other issues that are relevant to this Subsection (1).
             112          (2) The council shall:
             113          (a) provide advice to the governor, state planning coordinator, and the public lands


             114      policy coordinator concerning coordination of:
             115          (i) state and local government rights under R.S. 2477; and
             116          (ii) other public lands issues;
             117          (b) approve a plan for R.S. 2477 rights developed in accordance with Section
             118      63C-4-104 ; and
             119          (c) review, at least quarterly:
             120          (i) financial statements concerning implementation of the plan for R.S. 2477 rights;
             121      and
             122          (ii) financial and other reports from the Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office
             123      concerning its activities.
             124          (3) The council chair may require the attorney general or a designee to provide
             125      testimony on potential legal actions that would enhance the state's sovereignty or authority on
             126      issues affecting Utah and the well-being of its citizens.
             127          (4) The council chair may direct the attorney general to initiate and prosecute any
             128      action that the council determines will further its purposes, including an action described in
             129      Section 67-5-29 .
             130          (5) (a) Subject to the provisions of this section, the council may select and employ
             131      attorneys to implement the purposes and duties of the council.
             132          (b) The council chair may, in consultation with the council, direct any council attorney
             133      in any manner considered appropriate by the attorney general to best serve the purposes of the
             134      council.
             135          (c) The attorney general shall negotiate a contract for services with any attorney
             136      selected and approved for employment under this section.
             137          (6) The council chair shall, only with the concurrence of the council, review and
             138      approve all claims for payments for:
             139          (a) legal services that are submitted to the council[.]; and
             140          (b) an action filed in accordance with Section 67-5-29 .
             141          (7) Within five business days' notice, the council chair may, with the concurrence of


             142      the council, order the attorney general or an attorney employed by the council to cease work to
             143      be charged to the fund.
             144          (8) (a) At least 20 calendar days before the state submits comments on the draft
             145      environmental impact statement or environmental assessment for a proposed land management
             146      plan of any federal land management agency, the governor shall make those documents
             147      available to:
             148          (i) members of the council; and
             149          (ii) any county executive, county council member, or county commissioner of a county
             150      that is covered by the management plan and that has established formal cooperating agency
             151      status with the relevant federal land management agency regarding the proposed plan.
             152          (b) (i) Council members or local government officials receiving the documents may
             153      make recommendations to the governor or the governor's designee concerning changes to the
             154      documents before they are submitted to the federal land management agency.
             155          (ii) Council members or local government officials shall submit recommendations to
             156      the governor or the governor's designee no later than 10 calendar days after receiving the
             157      documents under Subsection (8)(a).
             158          (c) Documents transmitted or received under this Subsection (8) are drafts and are
             159      protected records pursuant to Subsection 63G-2-305 (22).
             160          (9) The council shall submit a report on December 1 of each year to the speaker of the
             161      House of Representatives and the president of the Senate that summarizes the council's
             162      activities.
             163          Section 3. Section 63C-4-103 is amended to read:
             164           63C-4-103. Creation of Constitutional Defense Restricted Account -- Sources of
             165      funds -- Uses of funds -- Reports.
             166          (1) There is created a restricted account within the General Fund known as the
             167      Constitutional Defense Restricted Account.
             168          (2) The account consists of monies from the following revenue sources:
             169          (a) monies deposited to the account as required by Section 53C-3-203 ;


             170          (b) voluntary contributions;
             171          (c) monies received by the Constitutional Defense Council from other state agencies;
             172      and
             173          (d) appropriations made by the Legislature.
             174          (3) Funds in the account shall be nonlapsing.
             175          (4) The account balance may not exceed [$2,000,000] $5,000,000.
             176          (5) [The] Subject to Subsection (6), the Legislature may annually appropriate [monies]
             177      money from the Constitutional Defense Restricted Account to one or more of the following:
             178          (a) the Constitutional Defense Council to carry out its duties in Section 63C-4-102 ;
             179          (b) the Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office to carry out its duties in Section
             180      63J-4-603 ;
             181          (c) the Office of the Governor, to be used only for the purpose of asserting, defending,
             182      or litigating state and local government rights under R.S. 2477, in accordance with a plan
             183      developed and approved as provided in Section 63C-4-104 ;
             184          (d) a county or association of counties to assist counties, consistent with the purposes
             185      of the council, in pursuing issues affecting the counties; or
             186          (e) the Office of the Attorney General, to be used only for:
             187          (i) public lands counsel and assistance and litigation to the state or local governments
             188      including asserting, defending, or litigating state and local government rights under R.S. 2477
             189      in accordance with a plan developed and approved as provided in Section 63C-4-104 [.]; or
             190          (ii) an action filed in accordance with Section 67-5-29 .
             191          (6) Money appropriated to the Constitutional Defense Restricted Account in
             192      accordance with Subsection 53C-3-203 (4)(a), if appropriated by the Legislature, may only be
             193      expended by the agency to which it was appropriated to pay:
             194          (a) the costs of an action filed in accordance with Section 67-5-29 ; and
             195          (b) expenses associated with an action described in Subsection (6)(a).
             196          [(6)] (7) (a) The Constitutional Defense Council shall require that any entity that
             197      receives monies from the Constitutional Defense Restricted Account provide financial reports


             198      and litigation reports to the Council.
             199          (b) Nothing in this Subsection [(6)] (7) prohibits the council from closing a meeting
             200      under Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act, or prohibits the council from
             201      complying with Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
             202          Section 4. Section 67-5-29 is enacted to read:
             203          67-5-29. Duty to legal actions.
             204          (1) The attorney general may file an action to enforce the Utah Enabling Act, Section
             205      9.
             206          (2) In accordance with Title 78B, Chapter 6, Particular Proceedings, the attorney
             207      general shall file an eminent domain action or quiet title action on property possessed by the
             208      federal government:
             209          (a) (i) that facilitates the state's ability to manage the school and institutional trust
             210      lands consistent with the state's fiduciary responsibilities towards the beneficiaries of the trust
             211      lands; and
             212          (ii) (A) that provides access to school and institutional trust lands; or
             213          (B) that increases the profitability of the school and institutional trust lands; or
             214          (b) for a public use that increases the ability of the state to generate revenue.
             215          (3) The attorney general shall file, by no later than July 1, 2011, an eminent domain
             216      action or quiet title action described in Subsection (2) on property possessed by the federal
             217      government for:
             218          (a) a highway on Spring Creek Road located in the western half of section 3, township
             219      38 south, range 12 west to provide access to section 2, township 38 south, range 12 west;
             220          (b) a highway off of Old Canyon Road located in the northeast quarter of the southeast
             221      quarter of section 5, township 10 north, range 5 east to provide access to the southeast quarter
             222      of the southeast quarter of section 32, township 11 north, range 5 east; or
             223          (c) the purposes described in Subsection (2).
             224          Section 5. Appropriation.
             225          (1) There is appropriated from the General Fund Restricted - Constitutional Defense


             226      Restricted Account $1,000,000 to the Governor's Office - Constitutional Defense Council.
             227          (2) The Legislature intends that the appropriation under Subsection (1) is:
             228          (a) ongoing, subject to availability of funds;
             229          (b) for fiscal years 2010-11, 2011-12, and 2012-13 only;
             230          (c) to be used to carry out the requirements of Section 67-5-29 ; and
             231          (d) nonlapsing.


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