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H.B. 395 Enrolled

             1     

LIMITATION OF ACTIONS AMENDMENTS

             2     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Scott K. Jenkins

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill limits the liability of persons or businesses for damage or injury caused by
             10      greenhouse gas emissions.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    limits the liability of a person or business for damage or injury caused by
             14      greenhouse gas emissions, unless the emissions violated:
             15              .    a statutory limitation; or
             16              .    a valid operating, air, or other permit; and
             17          .    requires that the party bringing an action prove by clear and convincing evidence
             18      that unavoidable, and identifiable damage has or will result from the violation.
             19      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      ENACTS:
             25          78B-4-515, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 78B-4-515 is enacted to read:
             29          78B-4-515. Limitation on liability for greenhouse gases.


             30          (1) "Greenhouse gas" means water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide,
             31      ozone, and chlorofluorocarbons.
             32          (2) A person residing or doing business in this state may not be held liable for damage
             33      or injury to another arising out of any actual or potential effect on climate caused by
             34      contributions to emissions of greenhouse gases unless it can be proved by clear and
             35      convincing evidence that the person has:
             36          (a) violated an enforceable statutory limitation or restriction against emissions of a
             37      specific greenhouse gas originating within this state; or
             38          (b) violated the express terms of a valid, enforceable operating, air, or other permit
             39      issued by a state or federal regulatory agency that has jurisdiction over the greenhouse gas
             40      emissions of the person or business.
             41          (3) The person bringing the action shall:
             42          (a) specify each greenhouse gas emitted by the defendant which is asserted to give rise
             43      to the cause of action; and
             44          (b) show by clear and convincing evidence that unavoidable, and identifiable damage
             45      or injury has or will result as a direct cause of the defendant's violation of statutory and
             46      permitting limits.


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