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H.C.R. 2 Enrolled

             1     

CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON STATES'

             2     
RIGHTS

             3     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Julie Fisher

             6     
Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

             7      Cosponsors:
             8      Sheryl L. Allen
             9      Roger E. Barrus
             10      Ron Bigelow
             11      Jim Bird
             12      Stephen D. ClarkJames A. Dunnigan
Gage Froerer
Christopher N. Herrod
Gregory H. Hughes
Bradley G. LastSteven R. Mascaro
Stephen E. Sandstrom
C. Brent Wallis
Ryan D. Wilcox
Carl Wimmer              13     
             14      LONG TITLE
             15      General Description:
             16          This concurrent resolution of the Legislature and the Governor strongly urges the
             17      federal government and United States Congress to repeal and prohibit regulations and
             18      laws that do or would infringe upon the rights of states under the Tenth Amendment to
             19      the United States Constitution.
             20      Highlighted Provisions:
             21          This resolution:
             22          .    claims state sovereignty under the Tenth Amendment to the United States
             23      Constitution over certain powers;
             24          .    rejects interpretations of the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution,
             25      alone or in combination with other portions of the Constitution, that would dilute
             26      the plain intent of the Tenth Amendment;
             27          .    strongly urges the United States Congress and the federal government to repeal
             28      regulations and laws that infringe upon the rights of states under the Tenth
             29      Amendment; and
             30          .    strongly urges the United States Congress and the federal government to prohibit


             31      future regulations and laws from infringing upon the rights of states under the Tenth
             32      Amendment.
             33      Special Clauses:
             34          None
             35     
             36      Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah, the Governor concurring therein:
             37          WHEREAS, the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution reads as follows:
             38      "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
             39      States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people";
             40          WHEREAS, the Tenth Amendment defines the total scope of federal power as being
             41      that specifically granted by the United States Constitution and no more;
             42          WHEREAS, the scope of power defined by the Tenth Amendment means that the
             43      federal government was created by the states specifically to be an agent of the states;
             44          WHEREAS, the Tenth Amendment was clearly intended as a limitation on the powers
             45      and growth of the federal government;
             46          WHEREAS, today the states are demonstrably treated as agents of the federal
             47      government;
             48          WHEREAS, many federal laws are directly in violation of the Tenth Amendment to the
             49      United States Constitution;
             50          WHEREAS, the Tenth Amendment assures that we, the people of the United States of
             51      America and each sovereign state in the Union of States, now have, and have always had,
             52      rights the federal government may not usurp;
             53          WHEREAS, the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution should be
             54      preserved rather than have its plain meaning neutralized or obscured;
             55          WHEREAS, the Commerce Clause in the United States Constitution, Article 1, Section
             56      8, Clause 3, states that Congress has the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations,
             57      among the states, and with the Native American tribes;
             58          WHEREAS, Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18, the "Necessary and Proper Clause," of the


             59      United States Constitution declares that Congress has the power "To make all Laws which
             60      shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other
             61      Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any
             62      Department or Officer thereof";
             63          WHEREAS, this clause is often paired with the Commerce Clause to take a broad,
             64      expansive perspective of congressional powers;
             65          WHEREAS, however, the Commerce Clause, in combination with the Necessary and
             66      Proper Clause, is often interpreted so broadly as to eliminate the effect of the Tenth
             67      Amendment's limitations on the powers and growth of the federal government;
             68          WHEREAS, Section 4, Article IV, of the Constitution states, "The United States shall
             69      guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government," and the Ninth
             70      Amendment states that "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be
             71      construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people";
             72          WHEREAS, the United States Supreme Court has ruled in New York v. United States,
             73      112 S. Ct. 2408 (1992), that Congress may not simply commandeer the legislative and
             74      regulatory processes of the states; and
             75          WHEREAS, a number of proposals from previous administrations and others now
             76      pending from the present administration and from Congress may further violate the
             77      Constitution of the United States:
             78          NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah, the
             79      Governor concurring therein, claim sovereignty under the Tenth Amendment to the United
             80      States Constitution over all powers not otherwise enumerated and granted to the federal
             81      government by the Constitution of the United States.
             82          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and the Governor strongly urge the
             83      federal government and the United States Congress to immediately cease and desist the
             84      issuance of mandates and laws that are beyond the scope of these constitutionally delegated
             85      powers.
             86          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and the Governor strongly urge the


             87      federal government and the United States Congress to repeal existing regulations and laws that
             88      direct states to comply under threat of civil or criminal penalties or sanctions or that require
             89      states to pass legislation or lose federal funding.
             90          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that copies of this resolution be sent to the President of
             91      the United States, the Majority Leader of the United States Senate, the Speaker of the United
             92      States House of Representatives, the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate of
             93      each state's legislature of the United States of America, and to the members of Utah's
             94      congressional delegation.


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