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H.J.R. 5 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Carol Spackman Moss

Senate Sponsor: Patricia W. Jones

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This joint resolution of the Legislature encourages the citizens of Utah to eliminate all
             10      unnecessary idling of motor vehicles.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This resolution:
             13          .    encourages Utahns to eliminate unnecessary idling of their motor vehicles to protect
             14      public health and the environment, reduce air pollution, conserve fuel, and protect
             15      motor vehicle performance.
             16      Special Clauses:
             17          None
             19      Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             20          WHEREAS, exhaust from idling motor vehicles accumulates in and around vehicles
             21      and can enter nearby facilities and buildings through air intakes, doors, and open windows;
             22          WHEREAS, this exhaust poses a health risk to children, workers, drivers of the
             23      vehicles, and the community at large;
             24          WHEREAS, exhaust from gas-fueled passenger vehicles and light trucks and
             25      diesel-fueled trucks and buses is a significant source of air pollution, including small particles
             26      known as fine particulate matter;
             27          WHEREAS, while idling, diesel-fueled engines release carbon monoxide, nitrogen
             28      oxides, and volatile organic compounds;
             29          WHEREAS, when idling, gas-fueled engines release hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide,

             30      sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and precursors to the formation of ground level ozone;
             31          WHEREAS, exposure to exhaust from motor vehicles can cause lung damage,
             32      respiratory problems, and heart disease;
             33          WHEREAS, exhaust from motor vehicles can exacerbate asthma and existing allergies,
             34      lead to lung and other cancers, damage plants and soil, and reduce visibility;
             35          WHEREAS, children and the elderly are most likely to be adversely affected by
             36      exposure to air pollution;
             37          WHEREAS, typical passenger vehicles and diesel-fueled vehicles burn up to a gallon of
             38      fuel for every hour of idling;
             39          WHEREAS, using a heavy-duty, diesel-fueled truck engine to power cab amenities is
             40      costly;
             41          WHEREAS, 10 seconds of idling uses more fuel than turning off and restarting the
             42      motor vehicle's engine;
             43          WHEREAS, unwarranted idling can cause excessive engine wear and contaminate
             44      spark plugs and engine oil;
             45          WHEREAS, excessive idling can increase motor vehicle maintenance costs and shorten
             46      engine life;
             47          WHEREAS, reducing the idling and the associated air pollution of motor vehicles,
             48      including school and other buses and diesel-fueled trucks, will save money and fuel, reduce
             49      dependence on foreign sources of fuel, secure health benefits, protect the environment, and
             50      improve the quality of life in Utah;
             51          WHEREAS, reducing engine idling decreases the emission of air pollutants and thereby
             52      avoids attendant adverse health impacts;
             53          WHEREAS, the Legislature recognizes that there are circumstances in which no
             54      alternative to idling is available, including when an engine is needed to operate equipment used
             55      to load or unload merchandise, when a utility company's construction and maintenance
             56      vehicle's engine must run to perform needed work, when idling lasts less than three minutes by
             57      public transportation buses making repeated stops to discharge and pick up passengers, and

             58      when idling is necessitated by service or repair or by an emergency vehicle;
             59          WHEREAS, drivers who turn off their engines, rather than idling unnecessarily, benefit
             60      from fuel savings and decreased costs associated with engine maintenance;
             61          WHEREAS, by reducing consumption of fuel, drivers, businesses, and government
             62      entities can save on costs and decrease reliance on foreign sources of fuel;
             63          WHEREAS, idle control technologies are available for long-haul trucks that provide
             64      heat, air conditioning, and electrical power to the truck cab without requiring the engine to run;
             65          WHEREAS, frequent restarting has little impact on engine components such as the
             66      battery and starter motor, and wear caused by restarting is an expense that can be readily
             67      recouped by fuel savings;
             68          WHEREAS, even on winter days, modern gas-fueled passenger car engines do not need
             69      more than 30 seconds of idling before they can be driven;
             70          WHEREAS, diesel-fueled passenger truck and bus engines generally require less than
             71      five minutes of idling to warm up; and
             72          WHEREAS, owners and operators of long-haul trucks can use one of several idle
             73      control technologies, such as auxiliary power units and truck stop electrification, to provide
             74      heat, air conditioning, and electric power to the truck cab without idling:
             75          NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah
             76      encourages drivers on Utah roads to avoid excessive idling, which, as a general rule, is more
             77      than 10 to 15 seconds for passenger vehicles.
             78          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature encourages drivers on Utah roads
             79      to turn off engines as soon as possible after arriving at loading or unloading areas and not to
             80      restart the vehicles until they are ready to depart.
             81          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature encourages drivers of service
             82      delivery vehicles to turn off their engines while making deliveries, avoiding drive-up or
             83      drive-through services, and instead park their cars to access businesses and services.
             84          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature encourages drivers to turn off
             85      engines during passenger pickup and drop-off, such as at schools, airports, and public

             86      transportation hubs.
             87          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature encourages drivers of gas-fueled
             88      passenger vehicles to limit engine warm-up to 30 seconds and encourages drivers of
             89      diesel-fueled passenger vehicles, buses, and trucks to limit engine warm-up to the time
             90      recommended by the vehicle's manufacturer, which is generally less than five minutes.
             91          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature encourages owners and operators of
             92      long-haul trucks to use one of several idle control technologies, like auxiliary power units and
             93      truck stop electrification, that provide heat, air conditioning, and electric power to the truck cab
             94      without idling.
             95          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature encourages businesses and
             96      government to encourage customers not to idle cars and encourages businesses, schools, airport
             97      authorities, and governmental entities frequented by customers who idle their motor vehicles to
             98      post signs to discourage idling.
             99          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be sent to the Utah
             100      Department of Environmental Quality and the Utah Department of Transportation.

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