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H.B. 96 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Julie Fisher

Senate Sponsor: Patricia W. Jones

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill limits the enforceability of foreign libel judgments.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    requires that a libel judgment for damages meets certain standards before it can be
             13      enforced in this state;
             14          .    provides that libel judgments obtained from courts which do not apply the same
             15      protections regarding freedom of speech and press found in the United States and
             16      Utah Constitutions are not recognizable in Utah courts; and
             17          .    specifies who the judgment applies to.
             18      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          None
             22      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             23      ENACTS:
             24          78B-5-320, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             25          78B-5-321, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             26          78B-5-322, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 78B-5-320 is enacted to read:

Part 3a. Nonrecognition of Foreign Judgments

             31          78B-5-320. Grounds for nonrecognition of libel judgments.
             32          A judgment obtained in a foreign jurisdiction may be considered nonrecognizable and
             33      unenforceable by the courts of this state if:
             34          (1) the judgment was obtained in a jurisdiction outside the United States;
             35          (2) the judgment resulted in a libel judgment for damages; and
             36          (3) the court sitting in this state before which the matter is brought determines that the
             37      libel law applied in the foreign court's adjudication process did not provide at least as much
             38      protection for freedom of speech and press as would be provided by the United States
             39      Constitution and the Utah Constitution.
             40          Section 2. Section 78B-5-321 is enacted to read:
             41          78B-5-321. Foreign libel judgment.
             42          For the purposes of applying Title 78B, Chapter 5, Part 3, Utah Foreign Judgment Act,
             43      to this part, the courts of this state may not make the determination in Section 78B-5-320
             44      unless the person attempting to enforce the judgment submits to personal jurisdiction and the
             45      person against whom the judgment is being enforced:
             46          (1) is a resident of this state;
             47          (2) is a person or entity amenable to the jurisdiction of this state;
             48          (3) has assets in this state; or
             49          (4) may be required to take action in this state to comply with the judgment.
             50          Section 3. Section 78B-5-322 is enacted to read:
             51          78B-5-322. Application.
             52          This part applies to all foreign libel judgments filed for enforcement or recognition in
             53      this state.

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