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H.B. 14

             1     

JUVENILE TRANSFERS FROM JUSTICE

             2     
COURT

             3     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Kay L. McIff

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Ralph Okerlund

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      Committee Note:
             10          The Judiciary, Law Enforcement, and Criminal Justice Interim Committee
             11      recommended this bill.
             12      General Description:
             13          This bill allows a justice court judge to transfer a matter concerning a child to the
             14      juvenile court if the justice court judge determines the transfer is in the child's best
             15      interest.
             16      Highlighted Provisions:
             17          This bill:
             18          .    provides discretion to a justice court judge to transfer a matter concerning a child
             19      from justice court to juvenile court.
             20      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:
             26          78A-7-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 115, 327 and renumbered
             27      and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3


             28     
             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             30          Section 1. Section 78A-7-106 is amended to read:
             31           78A-7-106. Jurisdiction.
             32          (1) Justice courts have jurisdiction over class B and C misdemeanors, violation of
             33      ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 18 years
             34      of age or older.
             35          (2) Except those offenses over which the juvenile court has exclusive jurisdiction,
             36      justice courts have jurisdiction over the following class B and C misdemeanors, violation of
             37      ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 16 years
             38      of age or older:
             39          (a) Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code of Utah;
             40          (b) Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act;
             41          (c) Title 41, Chapter 6a, Traffic Code;
             42          (d) Title 41, Chapter 12a, [Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility Act] Financial
             43      Responsibility of Motor Vehicle Owners and Operators Act;
             44          (e) Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles;
             45          (f) Title 73, Chapter 18, [Safe] State Boating Act;
             46          (g) Title 73, Chapter 18a, Boating - Litter and Pollution Control;
             47          (h) Title 73, Chapter 18b, Water Safety; and
             48          (i) Title 73, Chapter 18c, Financial Responsibility of Motorboat Owners and Operators
             49      Act.
             50          (3) Justice Courts have jurisdiction over class C misdemeanor violations of Title 53,
             51      Chapter 3, Part 2, Driver Licensing Act.
             52          (4) As used in this section, "the court's jurisdiction" means the territorial jurisdiction of
             53      a justice court.
             54          (5) An offense is committed within the territorial jurisdiction of a justice court if:
             55          (a) conduct constituting an element of the offense or a result constituting an element of
             56      the offense occurs within the court's jurisdiction, regardless of whether the conduct or result is
             57      itself unlawful;
             58          (b) either a person committing an offense or a victim of an offense is located within the


             59      court's jurisdiction at the time the offense is committed;
             60          (c) either a cause of injury occurs within the court's jurisdiction or the injury occurs
             61      within the court's jurisdiction;
             62          (d) a person commits any act constituting an element of an inchoate offense within the
             63      court's jurisdiction, including an agreement in a conspiracy;
             64          (e) a person solicits, aids, or abets, or attempts to solicit, aid, or abet another person in
             65      the planning or commission of an offense within the court's jurisdiction;
             66          (f) the investigation of the offense does not readily indicate in which court's
             67      jurisdiction the offense occurred, and:
             68          (i) the offense is committed upon or in any railroad car, vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft
             69      passing within the court's jurisdiction;
             70          (ii) (A) the offense is committed on or in any body of water bordering on or within this
             71      state if the territorial limits of the justice court are adjacent to the body of water; and
             72          (B) as used in Subsection [(3)] (5)(f)(ii)(A), "body of water" includes any stream, river,
             73      lake, or reservoir, whether natural or man-made;
             74          (iii) a person who commits theft exercises control over the affected property within the
             75      court's jurisdiction; or
             76          (iv) the offense is committed on or near the boundary of the court's jurisdiction;
             77          (g) the offense consists of an unlawful communication that was initiated or received
             78      within the court's jurisdiction; or
             79          (h) jurisdiction is otherwise specifically provided by law.
             80          (6) Justice courts have jurisdiction of small claims cases under Title 78A, Chapter 8,
             81      Small Claims Courts, if a defendant resides in or the debt arose within the territorial
             82      jurisdiction of the justice court.
             83          (7) A justice court judge may transfer a matter in which the defendant is a child to the
             84      juvenile court for further proceedings [after judgment in the justice court] if the justice court
             85      judge determines and the juvenile court concurs that the best interests of the child would be
             86      served by the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court.





Legislative Review Note
    as of 6-16-09 7:40 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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