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H.B. 146

             1     

LAW ENFORCEMENT BY FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT

             2     
AGENCY

             3     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Public Safety Code regarding functions of federal officers within
             11      Utah.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines federally managed land;
             15          .    provides that unless specified under Utah law, federal employees may only exercise
             16      law enforcement authority authorized by federal statute and consistent with the
             17      United States Constitution;
             18          .    provides that Utah does not recognize federal law enforcement authority beyond
             19      that necessary to manage, use, and protect federally managed lands;
             20          .    provides that Utah does not authorize federal law enforcement action or prosecution
             21      based on Utah law;
             22          .    authorizes state and local law enforcement agencies to assist in enforcing federal
             23      law on federally managed lands by authorized contract;
             24          .    provides that agreements with the federal law enforcement agency may not be for
             25      longer than one year;
             26          .    provides that state and local law enforcement agencies may not allow federal law
             27      enforcement agencies to use state or local resources without the written consent of


             28      the head of the state or local law enforcement agency;
             29          .    requires the county sheriff to review the activities of any federal law enforcement
             30      agency within the county and report to the county attorney; and
             31          .    authorizes the attorney general and county and district attorneys to prosecute federal
             32      law enforcement employees for acting:
             33              .    beyond the scope of federal law; or
             34              .    if the federal law is not consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             35      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             36          None
             37      Other Special Clauses:
             38          None
             39      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             40      AMENDS:
             41          53-13-102, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 282
             42          53-13-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             43      ENACTS:
             44          53-13-106.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             45     
             46      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             47          Section 1. Section 53-13-102 is amended to read:
             48           53-13-102. Peace officer classifications.
             49          The following officers may exercise peace officer authority only as specifically
             50      authorized by law:
             51          (1) law enforcement officers;
             52          (2) correctional officers;
             53          (3) special function officers; and
             54          (4) federal officers, as limited by Sections 53-13-106 and 53-13-106.5 .
             55          Section 2. Section 53-13-106 is amended to read:
             56           53-13-106. Federal officers -- State law enforcement authority.
             57          (1) (a) "Federal officer" includes:
             58          (i) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;


             59          (ii) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
             60          (iii) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, excluding a
             61      customs inspector or detention removal officer;
             62          (iv) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
             63          (v) a special agent of the Drug Enforcement Administration;
             64          (vi) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, and special deputy United States marshal;
             65      and
             66          (vii) a U.S. Postal Inspector of the United States Postal Inspection Service.
             67          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), federal officers listed in Subsection (1)(a) have
             68      [statewide] law enforcement authority relating to felony offenses under the laws of this state
             69      only as established by agreement under Section 53-13-106.5 .
             70          (c) The council may designate other federal peace officers, as necessary, and as limited
             71      by Section 53-13-106.5 , if the officers:
             72          (i) are persons employed full-time by the United States government as federally
             73      recognized law enforcement officers primarily responsible for the investigation and
             74      enforcement of the federal laws;
             75          (ii) have successfully completed formal law enforcement training offered by an agency
             76      of the federal government consisting of not less than 400 hours; and
             77          (iii) maintain in-service training in accordance with the standards set forth in Section
             78      53-13-103 .
             79          (2) Except as otherwise provided under Title 63L, Chapter [8] 1, Federal Jurisdiction,
             80      and Title 77, Chapter 9, Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit, a federal officer may exercise state law
             81      enforcement authority only if:
             82          (a) the state law enforcement agencies and county sheriffs with jurisdiction enter into
             83      an agreement with the federal agency to be given authority; and
             84          (b) except as provided in Subsection (3), each federal officer employed by the federal
             85      agency meets the waiver requirements set forth in Section 53-6-206 .
             86          (3) A federal officer working as such in the state on or before July 1, 1995, may
             87      exercise state law enforcement authority without meeting the waiver requirement.
             88          (4) At any time, consistent with any contract with a federal agency, a state or local law
             89      enforcement authority may withdraw state law enforcement authority from any individual


             90      federal officer by sending written notice to the federal agency and to the division.
             91          (5) The authority of a federal officer under this section is limited to the jurisdiction of
             92      the authorizing state or local agency, and may be further limited by the state or local agency to
             93      enforcing specific statutes, codes, or ordinances.
             94          Section 3. Section 53-13-106.5 is enacted to read:
             95          53-13-106.5. State limitations on functions of federal law enforcement officers.
             96          (1) As used in this section, "federally managed land" means land managed by the
             97      following federal agencies:
             98          (a) Bureau of Land Management;
             99          (b) United States Forest Service; and
             100          (c) the National Park Service.
             101          (2) Unless otherwise provided by Utah law, federal employees performing their duties
             102      in Utah:
             103          (a) may not exercise law enforcement authority solely because the land on which they
             104      exercise the authority is federally managed; and
             105          (b) may exercise only law enforcement authority:
             106          (i) expressly granted by federal statute; and
             107          (ii) consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             108          (3) (a) Utah does not authorize federal employees to exercise law enforcement powers
             109      to enforce the laws of Utah, either on or off federally managed land.
             110          (b) This Subsection (3) takes precedence over any other Utah law.
             111          (4) (a) Utah does not recognize the authority of employees or agents of the United
             112      States Department of Interior to exercise law enforcement powers beyond those powers strictly
             113      necessary for the management, use, and protection of federally managed lands, including
             114      property located on these lands, as limited by 43 U.S.C. 1733(a) and 1733(c)(2).
             115          (b) As required by Congress in 43 U.S.C. 1733(c)(1), when the Secretary of Interior
             116      determines that state or local assistance is necessary in enforcing federal laws and regulations
             117      relating to federally managed lands or the resources on those lands, the secretary shall offer a
             118      contract to appropriate state or local law enforcement agencies of the state with the purpose of
             119      achieving maximum feasible reliance upon state or local law enforcement officials in enforcing
             120      the federal laws and regulations.


             121          (5) Utah does not authorize federal employees to take action based on the Utah Code,
             122      Utah Administrative Rules, or county or municipal ordinances as a basis to arrest, cite, or
             123      prosecute persons in the federal criminal justice system, unless the action:
             124          (a) has been expressly granted by federal statute; and
             125          (b) is consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             126          (6) (a) Utah and its political subdivisions may choose to not comply with or implement
             127      federal mandates which purport to require that state and local law enforcement agencies
             128      enforce unconstitutional federal laws and related regulations, except as specifically provided in
             129      Utah law and under Subsection (6)(b).
             130          (b) This Subsection (6) does not prohibit state and local law enforcement agencies
             131      from entering into contracts with the Secretary of Interior pursuant to 43 U.S.C. 1733(c)(1).
             132          (7) State and local government agencies may not allow any federal agency access to or
             133      use of the facilities and equipment of any state or local law enforcement agency without the
             134      express written consent of the head of the state or local law enforcement agency.
             135          (8) State and local law enforcement agencies may not enter into agreements with
             136      federal agencies granting concurrent authority to enforce federal laws and state and local laws,
             137      unless the agreements are limited to a term not to exceed one year.
             138          (9) (a) County sheriffs shall regularly review the duties and activities of federal
             139      agencies that have law enforcement responsibilities and that are acting within the jurisdictional
             140      area of the county to ascertain whether the federal agencies are acting consistently with this
             141      section.
             142          (b) County sheriffs shall annually report to the county attorney or district attorney of
             143      their jurisdiction the results of all reviews conducted under this Subsection (9).
             144          (c) The Utah Attorney General and county and district attorneys are authorized to
             145      prosecute federal employees under state law governing the unauthorized exercise of law
             146      enforcement powers when the federal employees are found to be exercising law enforcement
             147      powers:
             148          (i) that exceed those authorized by federal law; and
             149          (ii) that are not consistent with the Constitution of the United States.





Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-16-09 6:41 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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