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7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Election Code by amending the definition of valid voter
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . clarifies that each of the following forms of personal identification is valid voter
14 identification by itself:
15 . a currently valid United States military identification card;
16 . a Bureau of Indian Affairs card; or
17 . a tribal treaty card; and
18 . makes technical changes.
19 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
21 Other Special Clauses:
23 Utah Code Sections Affected:
25 20A-1-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 45
27 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
28 Section 1. Section 20A-1-102 is amended to read:
29 20A-1-102. Definitions.
30 As used in this title:
31 (1) "Active voter" means a registered voter who has not been classified as an inactive
32 voter by the county clerk.
33 (2) "Automatic tabulating equipment" means apparatus that automatically examines
34 and counts votes recorded on paper ballots or ballot sheets and tabulates the results.
35 (3) "Ballot" means the storage medium, whether paper, mechanical, or electronic, upon
36 which a voter records his votes and includes ballot sheets, paper ballots, electronic ballots, and
37 secrecy envelopes.
38 (4) "Ballot sheet":
39 (a) means a ballot that:
40 (i) consists of paper or a card where the voter's votes are marked or recorded; and
41 (ii) can be counted using automatic tabulating equipment; and
42 (b) includes punch card ballots, and other ballots that are machine-countable.
43 (5) "Ballot label" means the cards, papers, booklet, pages, or other materials that
44 contain the names of offices and candidates and statements of ballot propositions to be voted
45 on and which are used in conjunction with ballot sheets that do not display that information.
46 (6) "Ballot proposition" means a question, issue, or proposal that is submitted to voters
47 on the ballot for their approval or rejection including:
48 (a) an opinion question specifically authorized by the Legislature;
49 (b) a constitutional amendment;
50 (c) an initiative;
51 (d) a referendum;
52 (e) a bond proposition;
53 (f) a judicial retention question; or
54 (g) any other ballot question specifically authorized by the Legislature.
55 (7) "Board of canvassers" means the entities established by Sections 20A-4-301 and
56 20A-4-306 to canvass election returns.
57 (8) "Bond election" means an election held for the purpose of approving or rejecting
58 the proposed issuance of bonds by a government entity.
59 (9) "Book voter registration form" means voter registration forms contained in a bound
60 book that are used by election officers and registration agents to register persons to vote.
61 (10) "By-mail voter registration form" means a voter registration form designed to be
62 completed by the voter and mailed to the election officer.
63 (11) "Canvass" means the review of election returns and the official declaration of
64 election results by the board of canvassers.
65 (12) "Canvassing judge" means a poll worker designated to assist in counting ballots at
66 the canvass.
67 (13) "Convention" means the political party convention at which party officers and
68 delegates are selected.
69 (14) "Counting center" means one or more locations selected by the election officer in
70 charge of the election for the automatic counting of ballots.
71 (15) "Counting judge" means a poll worker designated to count the ballots during
72 election day.
73 (16) "Counting poll watcher" means a person selected as provided in Section
74 20A-3-201 to witness the counting of ballots.
75 (17) "Counting room" means a suitable and convenient private place or room,
76 immediately adjoining the place where the election is being held, for use by the poll workers
77 and counting judges to count ballots during election day.
78 (18) "County executive" has the meaning as provided in Subsection 68-3-12 (2).
79 (19) "County legislative body" has the meaning as provided in Subsection 68-3-12 (2).
80 (20) "County officers" means those county officers that are required by law to be
82 (21) "Election" means a regular general election, a municipal general election, a
83 statewide special election, a local special election, a regular primary election, a municipal
84 primary election, and a local district election.
85 (22) "Election Assistance Commission" means the commission established by Public
86 Law 107-252, the Help America Vote Act of 2002.
87 (23) "Election cycle" means the period beginning on the first day persons are eligible to
88 file declarations of candidacy and ending when the canvass is completed.
89 (24) "Election judge" means a poll worker that is assigned to:
90 (a) preside over other poll workers at a polling place;
91 (b) act as the presiding election judge; or
92 (c) serve as a canvassing judge, counting judge, or receiving judge.
93 (25) "Election officer" means:
94 (a) the lieutenant governor, for all statewide ballots;
95 (b) the county clerk or clerks for all county ballots and for certain ballots and elections
96 as provided in Section 20A-5-400.5 ;
97 (c) the municipal clerk for all municipal ballots and for certain ballots and elections as
98 provided in Section 20A-5-400.5 ;
99 (d) the local district clerk or chief executive officer for certain ballots and elections as
100 provided in Section 20A-5-400.5 ; and
101 (e) the business administrator or superintendent of a school district for certain ballots
102 or elections as provided in Section 20A-5-400.5 .
103 (26) "Election official" means any election officer, election judge, or poll worker.
104 (27) "Election results" means, for bond elections, the count of those votes cast for and
105 against the bond proposition plus any or all of the election returns that the board of canvassers
106 may request.
107 (28) "Election returns" includes the pollbook, all affidavits of registration, the military
108 and overseas absentee voter registration and voting certificates, one of the tally sheets, any
109 unprocessed absentee ballots, all counted ballots, all excess ballots, all unused ballots, all
110 spoiled ballots, the ballot disposition form, and the total votes cast form.
111 (29) "Electronic ballot" means a ballot that is recorded using a direct electronic voting
112 device or other voting device that records and stores ballot information by electronic means.
113 (30) (a) "Electronic voting device" means a voting device that uses electronic ballots.
114 (b) "Electronic voting device" includes a direct recording electronic voting device.
115 (31) "Inactive voter" means a registered voter who has been sent the notice required by
116 Section 20A-2-306 and who has failed to respond to that notice.
117 (32) "Inspecting poll watcher" means a person selected as provided in this title to
118 witness the receipt and safe deposit of voted and counted ballots.
119 (33) "Judicial office" means the office filled by any judicial officer.
120 (34) "Judicial officer" means any justice or judge of a court of record or any county
121 court judge.
122 (35) "Local district" means a local government entity under Title 17B, Limited Purpose
123 Local Government Entities - Local Districts, and includes a special service district under Title
124 17D, Chapter 1, Special Service District Act.
125 (36) "Local district officers" means those local district officers that are required by law
126 to be elected.
127 (37) "Local election" means a regular municipal election, a local special election, a
128 local district election, and a bond election.
129 (38) "Local political subdivision" means a county, a municipality, a local district, or a
130 local school district.
131 (39) "Local special election" means a special election called by the governing body of a
132 local political subdivision in which all registered voters of the local political subdivision may
134 (40) "Municipal executive" means:
135 (a) the mayor in the council-mayor form of government defined in Section 10-3b-102 ;
137 (b) the mayor in the council-manager form of government defined in Subsection
138 10-3b-103 (6).
139 (41) "Municipal general election" means the election held in municipalities and local
140 districts on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of each odd-numbered year
141 for the purposes established in Section 20A-1-202 .
142 (42) "Municipal legislative body" means the council of the city or town in any form of
143 municipal government.
144 (43) "Municipal officers" means those municipal officers that are required by law to be
146 (44) "Municipal primary election" means an election held to nominate candidates for
147 municipal office.
148 (45) "Official ballot" means the ballots distributed by the election officer to the poll
149 workers to be given to voters to record their votes.
150 (46) "Official endorsement" means:
151 (a) the information on the ballot that identifies:
152 (i) the ballot as an official ballot;
153 (ii) the date of the election; and
154 (iii) the facsimile signature of the election officer; and
155 (b) the information on the ballot stub that identifies:
156 (i) the poll worker's initials; and
157 (ii) the ballot number.
158 (47) "Official register" means the official record furnished to election officials by the
159 election officer that contains the information required by Section 20A-5-401 .
160 (48) "Paper ballot" means a paper that contains:
161 (a) the names of offices and candidates and statements of ballot propositions to be
162 voted on; and
163 (b) spaces for the voter to record his vote for each office and for or against each ballot
165 (49) "Political party" means an organization of registered voters that has qualified to
166 participate in an election by meeting the requirements of Title 20A, Chapter 8, Political Party
167 Formation and Procedures.
168 (50) (a) "Poll worker" means a person assigned by an election official to assist with an
169 election, voting, or counting votes.
170 (b) "Poll worker" includes election judges.
171 (c) "Poll worker" does not include a watcher.
172 (51) "Pollbook" means a record of the names of voters in the order that they appear to
173 cast votes.
174 (52) "Polling place" means the building where voting is conducted.
175 (53) "Position" means a square, circle, rectangle, or other geometric shape on a ballot
176 in which the voter marks his choice.
177 (54) "Provisional ballot" means a ballot voted provisionally by a person:
178 (a) whose name is not listed on the official register at the polling place;
179 (b) whose legal right to vote is challenged as provided in this title; or
180 (c) whose identity was not sufficiently established by a poll worker.
181 (55) "Provisional ballot envelope" means an envelope printed in the form required by
182 Section 20A-6-105 that is used to identify provisional ballots and to provide information to
183 verify a person's legal right to vote.
184 (56) "Primary convention" means the political party conventions at which nominees for
185 the regular primary election are selected.
186 (57) "Protective counter" means a separate counter, which cannot be reset, that is built
187 into a voting machine and records the total number of movements of the operating lever.
188 (58) "Qualify" or "qualified" means to take the oath of office and begin performing the
189 duties of the position for which the person was elected.
190 (59) "Receiving judge" means the poll worker that checks the voter's name in the
191 official register, provides the voter with a ballot, and removes the ballot stub from the ballot
192 after the voter has voted.
193 (60) "Registration form" means a book voter registration form and a by-mail voter
194 registration form.
195 (61) "Regular ballot" means a ballot that is not a provisional ballot.
196 (62) "Regular general election" means the election held throughout the state on the first
197 Tuesday after the first Monday in November of each even-numbered year for the purposes
198 established in Section 20A-1-201 .
199 (63) "Regular primary election" means the election on the fourth Tuesday of June of
200 each even-numbered year, at which candidates of political parties and nonpolitical groups are
201 voted for nomination.
202 (64) "Resident" means a person who resides within a specific voting precinct in Utah.
203 (65) "Sample ballot" means a mock ballot similar in form to the official ballot printed
204 and distributed as provided in Section 20A-5-405 .
205 (66) "Scratch vote" means to mark or punch the straight party ticket and then mark or
206 punch the ballot for one or more candidates who are members of different political parties.
207 (67) "Secrecy envelope" means the envelope given to a voter along with the ballot into
208 which the voter places the ballot after he has voted it in order to preserve the secrecy of the
209 voter's vote.
210 (68) "Special election" means an election held as authorized by Section 20A-1-204 .
211 (69) "Spoiled ballot" means each ballot that:
212 (a) is spoiled by the voter;
213 (b) is unable to be voted because it was spoiled by the printer or a poll worker; or
214 (c) lacks the official endorsement.
215 (70) "Statewide special election" means a special election called by the governor or the
216 Legislature in which all registered voters in Utah may vote.
217 (71) "Stub" means the detachable part of each ballot.
218 (72) "Substitute ballots" means replacement ballots provided by an election officer to
219 the poll workers when the official ballots are lost or stolen.
220 (73) "Ticket" means each list of candidates for each political party or for each group of
222 (74) "Transfer case" means the sealed box used to transport voted ballots to the
223 counting center.
224 (75) "Vacancy" means the absence of a person to serve in any position created by
225 statute, whether that absence occurs because of death, disability, disqualification, resignation,
226 or other cause.
227 (76) "Valid voter identification" means:
228 (a) a form of identification that bears the name and photograph of the voter which may
230 (i) a currently valid Utah driver license;
231 (ii) a currently valid identification card that is issued by:
232 (A) the state; or
233 (B) a branch, department, or agency of the United States;
234 (iii) a currently valid Utah permit to carry a concealed weapon;
235 (iv) a currently valid United States passport; or
236 (v) a currently valid United States military identification card;
238 (b) one of the following identification cards, whether or not the card includes a
239 photograph of the voter[
240 (i) a valid tribal identification card;
241 (ii) a Bureau of Indian Affairs card; or
242 (iii) a tribal treaty card; or
244 bear the name of the voter and provide evidence that the voter resides in the voting precinct,
245 which may include:
246 (i) a current utility bill or a legible copy thereof, dated within the 90 days before the
248 (ii) a bank or other financial account statement, or a legible copy thereof;
249 (iii) a certified birth certificate;
250 (iv) a valid Social Security card;
251 (v) a check issued by the state or the federal government or a legible copy thereof;
252 (vi) a paycheck from the voter's employer, or a legible copy thereof;
253 (vii) a currently valid Utah hunting or fishing license;
263 (A) a local government within the state;
264 (B) an employer for an employee; or
265 (C) a college, university, technical school, or professional school located within the
266 state; or
272 (77) "Valid write-in candidate" means a candidate who has qualified as a write-in
273 candidate by following the procedures and requirements of this title.
274 (78) "Voter" means a person who meets the requirements for voting in an election,
275 meets the requirements of election registration, is registered to vote, and is listed in the official
276 register book.
277 (79) "Voter registration deadline" means the registration deadline provided in Section
278 20A-2-102.5 .
279 (80) "Voting area" means the area within six feet of the voting booths, voting
280 machines, and ballot box.
281 (81) "Voting booth" means:
282 (a) the space or compartment within a polling place that is provided for the preparation
283 of ballots, including the voting machine enclosure or curtain; or
284 (b) a voting device that is free standing.
285 (82) "Voting device" means:
286 (a) an apparatus in which ballot sheets are used in connection with a punch device for
287 piercing the ballots by the voter;
288 (b) a device for marking the ballots with ink or another substance;
289 (c) an electronic voting device or other device used to make selections and cast a ballot
290 electronically, or any component thereof;
291 (d) an automated voting system under Section 20A-5-302 ; or
292 (e) any other method for recording votes on ballots so that the ballot may be tabulated
293 by means of automatic tabulating equipment.
294 (83) "Voting machine" means a machine designed for the sole purpose of recording
295 and tabulating votes cast by voters at an election.
296 (84) "Voting poll watcher" means a person appointed as provided in this title to
297 witness the distribution of ballots and the voting process.
298 (85) "Voting precinct" means the smallest voting unit established as provided by law
299 within which qualified voters vote at one polling place.
300 (86) "Watcher" means a voting poll watcher, a counting poll watcher, an inspecting
301 poll watcher, and a testing watcher.
302 (87) "Western States Presidential Primary" means the election established in Title 20A,
303 Chapter 9, Part 8.
304 (88) "Write-in ballot" means a ballot containing any write-in votes.
305 (89) "Write-in vote" means a vote cast for a person whose name is not printed on the
306 ballot according to the procedures established in this title.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-22-10 7:42 AM