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H.B. 264





Chief Sponsor: Carl Wimmer

Senate Sponsor: ____________

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Public Safety Code regarding the authority of federal law
             10      enforcement officers to act on state land.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends state provisions regarding the authority of federal officers to enforce state
             14      law on state land by specifying federal officers may not enforce laws regarding
             15      trespass or uses of agricultural land.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          53-13-102, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 282
             23          53-13-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          Section 1. Section 53-13-102 is amended to read:
             27           53-13-102. Peace officer classifications.

             28          The following officers may exercise peace officer authority only as specifically
             29      authorized by law:
             30          (1) law enforcement officers;
             31          (2) correctional officers;
             32          (3) special function officers; and
             33          (4) federal officers, as limited by Subsection 53-13-106 (2).
             34          Section 2. Section 53-13-106 is amended to read:
             35           53-13-106. Federal officers -- State law enforcement authority.
             36          (1) (a) "Federal officer" includes:
             37          (i) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
             38          (ii) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
             39          (iii) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, excluding a
             40      customs inspector or detention removal officer;
             41          (iv) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
             42          (v) a special agent of the Drug Enforcement Administration;
             43          (vi) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, and special deputy United States marshal;
             44      and
             45          (vii) a U.S. Postal Inspector of the United States Postal Inspection Service.
             46          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), federal officers listed in Subsection (1)(a) have
             47      [statewide] law enforcement authority on state property and local subdivision property only
             48      relating to [felony] offenses under the laws of this state[.] that:
             49          (i) are felonies under state law; and
             50          (ii) are not offenses that involve:
             51          (A) trespass on public property; or
             52          (B) agricultural property.
             53          (c) The council may designate other federal peace officers, as necessary and as limited
             54      by Subsection (2), if the officers:
             55          (i) are persons employed full-time by the United States government as federally
             56      recognized law enforcement officers primarily responsible for the investigation and
             57      enforcement of the federal laws;
             58          (ii) have successfully completed formal law enforcement training offered by an agency

             59      of the federal government consisting of not less than 400 hours; and
             60          (iii) maintain in-service training in accordance with the standards set forth in Section
             61      53-13-103 .
             62          (2) Except as otherwise provided under Title 63L, Chapter [8] 1, Federal Jurisdiction,
             63      and Title 77, Chapter 9, Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit, a federal officer may exercise state law
             64      enforcement authority only if:
             65          (a) the state law enforcement agencies and county sheriffs with jurisdiction enter into
             66      [an] a written agreement with the federal agency to be given authority; and
             67          (b) [except as provided in Subsection (3),] each federal officer employed by the federal
             68      agency meets the waiver requirements [set forth] in Section 53-6-206 .
             69          [(3) A federal officer working as such in the state on or before July 1, 1995, may
             70      exercise state law enforcement authority without meeting the waiver requirement.]
             71          [(4)] (3) At any time, consistent with any contract with a federal agency, a state or local
             72      law enforcement authority may withdraw state law enforcement authority from any individual
             73      federal officer by sending written or electronic notice to the federal agency and to the division.
             74          [(5)] (4) The authority of a federal officer under this section [is]:
             75          (a) is limited by Subsection (2);
             76          (b) is additionally limited to the jurisdiction of the authorizing state or local agency[,];
             77      and
             78          (c) may be further limited by the state or local agency to enforcing specific [statutes,
             79      codes, or] state law or local ordinances.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-16-09 6:40 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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