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H.B. 381

             1     

MUNICIPAL LAND USE PROVISIONS

             2     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Stephen E. Sandstrom

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Wayne L. Niederhauser

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends municipal land use provisions relating to nonconforming uses and
             10      noncomplying structures.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends municipal land use provisions relating to nonconforming uses and
             14      noncomplying structures; and
             15          .    makes technical corrections.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          10-9a-511, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 170
             23     
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 10-9a-511 is amended to read:
             26           10-9a-511. Nonconforming uses and noncomplying structures.
             27          (1) (a) Except as provided in this section, a nonconforming use or noncomplying


             28      structure may be continued by the present or a future property owner.
             29          (b) A nonconforming use may be extended through the same building, provided no
             30      structural alteration of the building is proposed or made for the purpose of the extension.
             31          (c) For purposes of this Subsection (1), the addition of a solar energy device to a
             32      building is not a structural alteration.
             33          (2) The legislative body may provide for:
             34          (a) the establishment, restoration, reconstruction, extension, alteration, expansion, or
             35      substitution of nonconforming uses upon the terms and conditions set forth in the land use
             36      ordinance;
             37          (b) the termination of all nonconforming uses, except billboards and rental housing, by
             38      providing a formula establishing a reasonable time period during which the owner can recover
             39      or amortize the amount of his investment in the nonconforming use, if any; and
             40          (c) the termination of a nonconforming use due to its abandonment.
             41          (3) (a) A municipality may not prohibit the reconstruction or restoration of a
             42      noncomplying structure or terminate the nonconforming use of a structure that is involuntarily
             43      destroyed in whole or in part due to fire or other calamity unless the structure or use has been
             44      abandoned.
             45          (b) A municipality may prohibit the reconstruction or restoration of a noncomplying
             46      structure or terminate the nonconforming use of a structure if:
             47          (i) the structure is allowed to deteriorate to a condition that the structure is rendered
             48      uninhabitable and is not repaired or restored within six months after written notice to the
             49      property owner that the structure is uninhabitable and that the noncomplying structure or
             50      nonconforming use will be lost if the structure is not repaired or restored within six months; or
             51          (ii) the property owner has voluntarily demolished a majority of the noncomplying
             52      structure or the building that houses the nonconforming use.
             53          (c) (i) Notwithstanding a prohibition in its zoning ordinance, a municipality may
             54      permit a billboard owner to relocate the billboard within the municipality's boundaries to a
             55      location that is mutually acceptable to the municipality and the billboard owner.
             56          (ii) If the municipality and billboard owner cannot agree to a mutually acceptable
             57      location within 90 days after the owner submits a written request to relocate the billboard, the
             58      provisions of Subsection 10-9a-513 (2)(a)(iv) apply.


             59          (4) (a) Unless the municipality establishes, by ordinance, a uniform presumption of
             60      legal existence for nonconforming uses, the property owner shall have the burden of
             61      establishing the legal existence of a noncomplying structure or nonconforming use.
             62          (b) Any party claiming that a nonconforming use has been abandoned shall have the
             63      burden of establishing the abandonment.
             64          (c) Abandonment may be presumed to have occurred if:
             65          (i) a majority of the primary structure associated with the nonconforming use has been
             66      voluntarily demolished without prior written agreement with the municipality regarding an
             67      extension of the nonconforming use;
             68          (ii) the use has been discontinued for a minimum of one year; or
             69          (iii) the primary structure associated with the nonconforming use remains vacant for a
             70      period of one year.
             71          (d) The property owner may rebut the presumption of abandonment under Subsection
             72      (4)(c), and shall have the burden of establishing that any claimed abandonment under
             73      Subsection (4)[(c)](b) has not in fact occurred.
             74          (5) A municipality may terminate the nonconforming status of a school district or
             75      charter school use or structure when the property associated with the school district or charter
             76      school use or structure ceases to be used for school district or charter school purposes for a
             77      period established by ordinance.
             78          (6) A municipal ordinance adopted under Section 10-1-203 may not:
             79          (a) require physical changes in a structure with a nonconforming rental housing use; or
             80          (b) be enforced to terminate a nonconforming rental housing use.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-10-10 5:31 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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