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S.B. 10

This document includes Senate 3rd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Jan 27, 2010 at 11:00 AM by rday. --> This document includes Senate 3rd Reading Floor Amendments (CORRECTED) incorporated into the bill on Thu, Jan 28, 2010 at 7:58 AM by rday. -->              1     

CRIMINAL OFFENSE PENALTIES

             2     
AMENDMENTS

             3     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Jon J. Greiner

             6     
House Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             7     

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      Committee Note:
             10          The Judiciary, Law Enforcement, and Criminal Justice Interim Committee
             11      recommended this bill.
             12      General Description:
             13          This bill modifies provisions of the Criminal Code regarding elements of specified
             14      criminal offenses and regarding the dollar value of damage used to determine levels of
             15      criminal offenses.
             16      Highlighted Provisions:
             17          This bill:
             18          .    applies the enhanced penalty that currently applies to persons committing a crime in
             19      concert with two or more persons to persons who commit any of the listed offenses
             20      in association with a criminal street gang;
             21          .    provides that commission of aggravated assault resulting in serious bodily injury is
             22      a second degree felony, regardless of whether the actor intended to cause serious
             23      bodily injury;
             24          .    modifies the penalty for a second offense of theft, or of robbery or burglary with the
             25      intent to commit theft, to require that the second offense be committed or the
             26      conviction obtained within 10 years prior to the current theft offense;
             27          .    modifies the factors considered by the juvenile court in hearings to certify a juvenile



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Senate 3rd Reading Amendments 1-27-2010 rd/
             28
     to stand trial as an adult to include if the juvenile engaged in criminal activity in association
             29      with a criminal street gang;
             30          .    modifies the definition of a criminal nuisance to include criminal activity conducted
             31      in association with a criminal street gang; and
             32          .    modifies the dollar value of damage that determines the levels of offense for
             33      offenses, including arson, criminal mischief, theft, various fraud offenses, unlawful
             34      dealing by a fiduciary, destruction of livestock, reckless burning, computer crimes,
             35      bad checks, mortgage fraud, and theft of utility services.
             36      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             37          None
             38      Other Special Clauses:
             39           S. [ None ] This bill provides an effective date of November 1, 2010. .S
             40      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             41      AMENDS:
             42          9-4-612, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 322
             43          63M-7-510, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 339 and renumbered and
             44      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             45          76-3-203.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 157
             46          76-5-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1995, Chapter 291
             47          76-6-101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 320
             48          76-6-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 134
             49          76-6-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 71
             50          76-6-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 166
             51          76-6-111, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 282
             52          76-6-409.3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1995, Chapter 291
             53          76-6-412, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapters 119 and 289
             54          76-6-505, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 306
             55          76-6-506.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 166
             56          76-6-513, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             57          76-6-518, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1995, Chapter 291
             58          76-6-608, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 173



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             59
         76-6-703, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 72
             60          76-6-1204, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 211
             61          76-8-1206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1995, Chapter 291
             62          76-8-1301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 305
             63          76-10-1801, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 211
             64          78A-6-703, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             65          78B-6-1101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 21
             66          78B-6-1107, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             67     

             68      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             69          Section 1. Section 9-4-612 is amended to read:
             70           9-4-612. Penalties for fraudulently obtaining or continuing to receive housing
             71      assistance benefits.
             72          (1) No person may knowingly, by misrepresentation, impersonation, or any other
             73      fraudulent means, make any false statement to housing authority personnel or, after being
             74      accepted as a recipient of housing authority benefits, fail to disclose to housing authority
             75      personnel any:
             76          (a) change in household composition;
             77          (b) employment change;
             78          (c) change in marital status;
             79          (d) receipt of any other monetary assistance;
             80          (e) receipt of in-kind gifts; or
             81          (f) any other material fact or change in circumstances which would affect the
             82      determination of that person's eligibility to receive housing assistance benefits, or would affect
             83      the amount of benefits for which he is eligible.
             84          (2) No person may fail to disclose any of the information described in Subsection (1)
             85      for the purpose of obtaining or continuing to receive funds or other housing assistance benefits
             86      to which he is not entitled, or in an amount larger than that to which he is entitled.
             87          (3) No person who has duties relating to the administration of any housing authority
             88      program may fraudulently misappropriate any funds or other assistance with which he has been
             89      entrusted, or of which he has gained possession by virtue of his position.



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             90
         (4) No person may knowingly:
             91          (a) file or falsify any claim, report, or document required by state or federal law, or
             92      provider agreement, to obtain or attempt to obtain unauthorized housing assistance benefits
             93      under this chapter; or
             94          (b) attempt to commit, or aid or abet the commission of, any act prohibited by this
             95      section.
             96          (5) The punishment for violation of any provision of this section by a housing
             97      assistance recipient is determined by the cumulative value of the funds or other benefits he
             98      received from all the frauds he committed, and not by each separate instance of fraud.
             99          (6) The punishment for the offenses of this section are:
             100          (a) a [felony of the] second degree felony if the value of the funds or other benefits
             101      received, misappropriated, claimed, or applied for, is equal to or exceeds $5,000;
             102          (b) a [felony of the] third degree felony if the value of the funds or other benefits
             103      received, misappropriated, claimed, or applied for, is equal to or greater than [$1,000] $1,500
             104      but less than $5,000;
             105          (c) a class A misdemeanor if the value of the funds or other benefits received,
             106      misappropriated, claimed, or applied for, is equal to or greater than [$300] $500 but less than
             107      [$1,000] $1,500; or
             108          (d) a class B misdemeanor if the value of the funds or other benefits received,
             109      misappropriated, claimed, or applied for, is less than [$300] $500 .
             110          Section 2. Section 63M-7-510 is amended to read:
             111           63M-7-510. Ineligible persons -- Fraudulent claims -- Penalties.
             112          (1) The following individuals are not eligible to receive an award of reparations:
             113          (a) persons who do not meet all of the provisions set forth in Section 63M-7-509 ;
             114          (b) the offender;
             115          (c) an accomplice of the offender;
             116          (d) any person whose receipt of an award would unjustly benefit the offender,
             117      accomplice, or other person reasonably suspected of participating in the offense;
             118          (e) the victim of a motor vehicle injury who was the owner or operator of the motor
             119      vehicle and was not at the time of the injury in compliance with the state motor vehicle
             120      insurance laws;



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             121
         (f) any convicted offender serving a sentence of imprisonment in any prison or jail or
             122      residing in any other correctional facility;
             123          (g) all persons who are on probation or parole if the circumstances surrounding the
             124      offense of which they are victims constitute a violation of their parole or probation; and
             125          (h) any person whose injuries are the result of criminally injurious conduct which
             126      occurred in a prison, jail, or any other correctional facility while the person was serving a
             127      sentence of imprisonment.
             128          (2) A person who knowingly submits a fraudulent claim for reparations or who
             129      knowingly misrepresents material facts in making a claim, and who receives an award based on
             130      that claim, is guilty of an offense, based on the following award amounts:
             131          (a) for value under [$300] $500, a class B misdemeanor;
             132          (b) for value equal to or greater than [$300] $500, but less than [$1,000] $1,500, a class
             133      A misdemeanor;
             134          (c) for value equal to or greater than [$1,000] $1,500, but less than $5,000, a third
             135      degree felony; and
             136          (d) for value equal to or greater than $5,000, a second degree felony.
             137          (3) A person who submits a claim described in Subsection (2) but receives no award
             138      based on that claim is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             139          (4) The state attorney general may prosecute violations under this section or may make
             140      arrangements with county attorneys for the prosecution of violations under this section when
             141      the attorney general cannot conveniently prosecute.
             142          (5) The state may also bring a civil action against a claimant who receives reparation
             143      payments that are later found to be unjustified and who does not return to the Crime Victim
             144      Reparations Fund the unjustified amount.
             145          Section 3. Section 76-3-203.1 is amended to read:
             146           76-3-203.1. Offenses committed in concert with two or more persons -- Notice --
             147      Enhanced penalties.
             148          (1) As used in this section:
             149          (a) "Criminal street gang" has the same definition as in Section 76-9-802 .
             150          (b) "In concert with two or more persons" means:
             151          (i) the defendant was aided or encouraged by at least two other persons in committing



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             152
     the offense and was aware of this aid or encouragement; and
             153          (ii) each of the other persons:
             154          (A) was physically present; or
             155          (B) participated as a party to any offense listed in Subsection (5).
             156          (c) "In concert with two or more persons" means, regarding intent:
             157          (i) other persons participating as parties need not have the intent to engage in the same
             158      offense or degree of offense as the defendant; and
             159          (ii) a minor is a party if the minor's actions would cause the minor to be a party if the
             160      minor were an adult.
             161          [(1) (a)] (2) A person who commits any offense listed in Subsection [(4)] (5) is subject
             162      to an enhanced penalty for the offense as provided in Subsection [(3)] (4) if the trier of fact
             163      finds beyond a reasonable doubt that the person acted:
             164          (a) in concert with two or more persons[.];
             165          [(b) "In concert with two or more persons" as used in this section means the defendant
             166      was aided or encouraged by at least two other persons in committing the offense and was aware
             167      that he was so aided or encouraged, and each of the other persons:]
             168          [(i) was physically present; or]
             169          [(ii) participated as a party to any offense listed in Subsection (4).]
             170          [(c) For purposes of Subsection (1)(b)(ii):]
             171          [(i) other persons participating as parties need not have the intent to engage in the same
             172      offense or degree of offense as the defendant; and]
             173          [(ii) a minor is a party if the minor's actions would cause him to be a party if he were
             174      an adult.]
             175          (b) for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association with any criminal street gang
             176      as defined in Section 76-9-802 ; or
             177          (c) to gain recognition, acceptance, membership, or increased status with a criminal
             178      street gang as defined in Section 76-9-802 .
             179          [(2)] (3) The prosecuting attorney, or grand jury if an indictment is returned, shall
             180      cause to be subscribed upon the information or indictment notice that the defendant is subject
             181      to the enhanced penalties provided under this section.
             182          [(3)] (4) The enhanced penalty for a:



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             183
         (a) class B misdemeanor is a class A misdemeanor;
             184          (b) class A misdemeanor is a third degree felony;
             185          (c) third degree felony is a second degree felony;
             186          (d) second degree felony is a first degree felony; and
             187          (e) first degree felony is an indeterminate prison term of not less than five years in
             188      addition to the statutory minimum prison term for the offense, and which may be for life.
             189          [(4)] (5) Offenses referred to in Subsection [(1)] (2) are:
             190          (a) any criminal violation of [Title 58, Chapter 37, 37a, 37b, or 37c, regarding
             191      drug-related offenses;] the following chapters of Title 58:
             192          (i) Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             193          (ii) Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             194          (iii) Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act; or
             195          (iv) Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act;
             196          (b) assault and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 1, Assault and Related
             197      Offenses;
             198          (c) any criminal homicide offense under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 2, Criminal
             199      Homicide;
             200          (d) kidnapping and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 3, Kidnapping,
             201      Trafficking, and Smuggling;
             202          (e) any felony sexual offense under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             203          (f) sexual exploitation of a minor as defined in Section 76-5a-3 ;
             204          (g) any property destruction offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
             205      Destruction;
             206          (h) burglary, criminal trespass, and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 2,
             207      Burglary and Criminal Trespass;
             208          (i) robbery and aggravated robbery under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 3, Robbery;
             209          (j) theft and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 4, Theft, or Part 6, Retail
             210      Theft;
             211          (k) any fraud offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 5, except Sections 76-6-504 ,
             212      76-6-505 , 76-6-507 , 76-6-508 , 76-6-509 , 76-6-510 , 76-6-511 , 76-6-512 , 76-6-513 , 76-6-514 ,
             213      76-6-516 , 76-6-517 , 76-6-518 , and 76-6-520 ;



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             214
         (l) any offense of obstructing government operations under Title 76, Chapter 8, Part 3,
             215      except Sections 76-8-302 , 76-8-303 , 76-8-304 , 76-8-307 , 76-8-308 , and 76-8-312 ;
             216          (m) tampering with a witness or other violation of Section 76-8-508 ;
             217          (n) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding as defined in Section 76-8-509 ;
             218          (o) any explosives offense under Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 3, Explosives;
             219          (p) any weapons offense under Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons;
             220          (q) pornographic and harmful materials and performances offenses under Title 76,
             221      Chapter 10, Part 12, Pornographic and Harmful Materials and Performances;
             222          (r) prostitution and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 13, Prostitution;
             223          (s) any violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 15, Bus Passenger Safety Act;
             224          (t) any violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 16, Pattern of Unlawful Activity Act;
             225          (u) communications fraud as defined in Section 76-10-1801 ;
             226          (v) any violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 19, Money Laundering and Currency
             227      Transaction Reporting Act; and
             228          (w) burglary of a research facility as defined in Section 76-10-2002 .
             229          [(5)] (6) It is not a bar to imposing the enhanced penalties under this section that the
             230      persons with whom the actor is alleged to have acted in concert are not identified, apprehended,
             231      charged, or convicted, or that any of those persons are charged with or convicted of a different
             232      or lesser offense.
             233          Section 4. Section 76-5-103 is amended to read:
             234           76-5-103. Aggravated assault.
             235          (1) A person commits aggravated assault if [he] the person commits assault as defined
             236      in Section 76-5-102 and [he] uses:
             237          [(a) intentionally causes serious bodily injury to another; or]
             238          [(b) under circumstances not amounting to a violation of Subsection (1)(a), uses]
             239          (a) a dangerous weapon as defined in Section 76-1-601 ; or
             240          (b) other means or force likely to produce death or serious bodily injury.
             241          (2) (a) A violation of Subsection [(1)(a)] (1) is a [second] third degree felony, except
             242      under Subsection (2)(b).
             243          [(3)] (b) A violation of Subsection (1)[(b)] that results in serious bodily injury is a
             244      [third] second degree felony.



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             245
         Section 5. Section 76-6-101 is amended to read:
             246           76-6-101. Definitions.
             247          For purposes of this chapter:
             248          (1) "Property" means any form of real property or tangible personal property which is
             249      capable of being damaged or destroyed and includes a habitable structure.
             250          (2) "Habitable structure" means any building, vehicle, trailer, railway car, aircraft, or
             251      watercraft used for lodging or assembling persons or conducting business whether a person is
             252      actually present or not.
             253          (3) "Property" is that of another, if anyone other than the actor has a possessory or
             254      proprietary interest in any portion thereof.
             255          (4) "Value" means:
             256          (a) The market value of the property, if totally destroyed, at the time and place of the
             257      offense, or where cost of replacement exceeds the market value; or
             258          (b) Where the market value cannot be ascertained, the cost of repairing or replacing the
             259      property within a reasonable time following the offense.
             260          (5) If the property damaged has a value that cannot be ascertained by the criteria set
             261      forth in Subsections (4)(a) and (b), the property shall be considered to have a value less than
             262      [$300] $500.
             263          (6) "Fire" means a flame, heat source capable of combustion, or material capable of
             264      combustion that is caused, set, or maintained by a person for any purpose.
             265          Section 6. Section 76-6-102 is amended to read:
             266           76-6-102. Arson.
             267          (1) A person is guilty of arson if, under circumstances not amounting to aggravated
             268      arson, [by means of fire or explosives,] the person by means of fire or explosives unlawfully
             269      and intentionally damages:
             270          (a) any property with intention of defrauding an insurer; or
             271          (b) the property of another.
             272          (2) A violation of Subsection (1)(a) is a second degree felony.
             273          (3) A violation of Subsection (1)(b) is:
             274          (a) a second degree felony if:
             275          (i) the damage caused is or exceeds $5,000 in value; or



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             276
         (ii) as a proximate result of the fire or explosion, any person not a participant in the
             277      offense suffers serious bodily injury as defined in Section 76-1-601 ;
             278          (b) a third degree felony if:
             279          (i) the damage caused is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than $5,000 in value;
             280          (ii) as a proximate result of the fire or explosion, any person not a participant in the
             281      offense suffers substantial bodily injury as defined in Section 76-1-601 ; or
             282          (iii) the fire or explosion endangers human life;
             283          (c) a class A misdemeanor if the damage caused is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less
             284      than [$1,000] $1,500 in value; and
             285          (d) a class B misdemeanor if the damage caused is less than [$300] $500.
             286          Section 7. Section 76-6-104 is amended to read:
             287           76-6-104. Reckless burning.
             288          (1) A person is guilty of reckless burning if the person:
             289          (a) recklessly starts a fire or causes an explosion which endangers human life;
             290          (b) having started a fire, whether recklessly or not, and knowing that it is spreading and
             291      will endanger the life or property of another, either fails to take reasonable measures to put out
             292      or control the fire or fails to give a prompt fire alarm;
             293          (c) builds or maintains a fire without taking reasonable steps to remove all flammable
             294      materials surrounding the site of the fire as necessary to prevent the fire's spread or escape; or
             295          (d) damages the property of another by reckless use of fire or causing an explosion.
             296          (2) (a) A violation of Subsection (1)(a) or (b) is a class A misdemeanor.
             297          (b) A violation of Subsection (1)(c) is a class B misdemeanor.
             298          (c) A violation of Subsection (1)(d) is:
             299          (i) a class A misdemeanor if damage to property is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 in
             300      value;
             301          (ii) a class B misdemeanor if the damage to property is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is
             302      less than [$1,000] $1,500 in value; and
             303          (iii) a class C misdemeanor if the damage to property is or exceeds $150 but is less
             304      than [$300] $500 in value.
             305          (d) Any other violation under Subsection (1)(d) is an infraction.
             306          Section 8. Section 76-6-106 is amended to read:



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             307
          76-6-106. Criminal mischief.
             308          (1) As used in this section, "critical infrastructure" includes:
             309          (a) information and communication systems;
             310          (b) financial and banking systems;
             311          (c) transportation systems;
             312          (d) any public utility service, including the power, energy, and water supply systems;
             313          (e) sewage and water treatment systems;
             314          (f) health care facilities as listed in Section 26-21-2 , and emergency fire, medical, and
             315      law enforcement response systems;
             316          (g) public health facilities and systems;
             317          (h) food distribution systems; and
             318          (i) other government operations and services.
             319          (2) A person commits criminal mischief if the person:
             320          (a) under circumstances not amounting to arson, damages or destroys property with the
             321      intention of defrauding an insurer;
             322          (b) intentionally and unlawfully tampers with the property of another and as a result:
             323          (i) recklessly endangers:
             324          (A) human life; or
             325          (B) human health or safety; or
             326          (ii) recklessly causes or threatens a substantial interruption or impairment of any
             327      critical infrastructure;
             328          (c) intentionally damages, defaces, or destroys the property of another; or
             329          (d) recklessly or willfully shoots or propels a missile or other object at or against a
             330      motor vehicle, bus, airplane, boat, locomotive, train, railway car, or caboose, whether moving
             331      or standing.
             332          (3) (a) (i) A violation of Subsection (2)(a) is a third degree felony.
             333          (ii) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(i)(A) is a class A misdemeanor.
             334          (iii) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(i)(B) is a class B misdemeanor.
             335          (iv) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(ii) is a second degree felony.
             336          (b) Any other violation of this section is a:
             337          (i) second degree felony if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary



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             338
     loss equal to or in excess of $5,000 in value;
             339          (ii) third degree felony if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
             340      loss equal to or in excess of [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than $5,000 in value;
             341          (iii) class A misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause
             342      pecuniary loss equal to or in excess of [$300] $500 but is less than [$1,000] $1,500 in value;
             343      and
             344          (iv) class B misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
             345      loss less than [$300] $500 in value.
             346          (4) In determining the value of damages under this section, or for computer crimes
             347      under Section 76-6-703 , the value of any item, computer, computer network, computer
             348      property, computer services, software, or data includes the measurable value of the loss of use
             349      of the items and the measurable cost to replace or restore the items.
             350          (5) In addition to any other penalty authorized by law, a court shall order any person
             351      convicted of any violation of this section to reimburse any federal, state, or local unit of
             352      government, or any private business, organization, individual, or entity for all expenses
             353      incurred in responding to a violation of Subsection (2)(b)(ii), unless the court states on the
             354      record the reasons why the reimbursement would be inappropriate.
             355          Section 9. Section 76-6-111 is amended to read:
             356           76-6-111. Wanton destruction of livestock -- Penalties -- Seizure and disposition
             357      of property.
             358          (1) As used in this section:
             359          (a) "Law enforcement officer" is as defined in Section 53-13-103 .
             360          (b) "Livestock" means a domestic animal or fur bearer raised or kept for profit,
             361      including:
             362          (i) cattle;
             363          (ii) sheep;
             364          (iii) goats;
             365          (iv) swine;
             366          (v) horses;
             367          (vi) mules;
             368          (vii) poultry; and



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             369
         (viii) domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102 .
             370          (2) Unless authorized by Section 4-25-4 , 4-25-5 , 4-25-14 , 4-39-401 , or 18-1-3 , a
             371      person is guilty of wanton destruction of livestock if that person:
             372          (a) injures, physically alters, releases, or causes the death of livestock; and
             373          (b) does so:
             374          (i) intentionally or knowingly; and
             375          (ii) without the permission of the owner of the livestock.
             376          (3) Wanton destruction of livestock is punishable as a:
             377          (a) class B misdemeanor if the aggregate value of the livestock is [$300] $500 or less;
             378          (b) class A misdemeanor if the aggregate value of the livestock is more than [$300]
             379      $500, but does not exceed [$1,000] $1,500;
             380          (c) third degree felony if the aggregate value of the livestock is more than [$1,000]
             381      $1,500, but does not exceed $5,000; and
             382          (d) second degree felony if the aggregate value of the livestock is more than $5,000.
             383          (4) A material, device, or vehicle used in violation of Subsection (2) is subject to
             384      forfeiture under the procedures and substantive protections established in Title 24, Chapter 1,
             385      Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.
             386          (5) A peace officer may seize a material, device, or vehicle used in violation of
             387      Subsection (2):
             388          (a) upon notice and service of process issued by a court having jurisdiction over the
             389      property; or
             390          (b) without notice and service of process if:
             391          (i) the seizure is incident to an arrest under:
             392          (A) a search warrant; or
             393          (B) an inspection under an administrative inspection warrant;
             394          (ii) the material, device, or vehicle has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of
             395      the state in a criminal injunction or forfeiture proceeding under this section; or
             396          (iii) the peace officer has probable cause to believe that the property has been used in
             397      violation of Subsection (2).
             398          (6) (a) A material, device, or vehicle seized under this section is not repleviable but is
             399      in custody of the law enforcement agency making the seizure, subject only to the orders and



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             400
     decrees of a court or official having jurisdiction.
             401          (b) A peace officer who seizes a material, device, or vehicle under this section may:
             402          (i) place the property under seal;
             403          (ii) remove the property to a place designated by the warrant under which it was seized;
             404      or
             405          (iii) take custody of the property and remove it to an appropriate location for
             406      disposition in accordance with law.
             407          Section 10. Section 76-6-409.3 is amended to read:
             408           76-6-409.3. Theft of utility or cable television services -- Restitution -- Civil action
             409      for damages.
             410          (1) As used in this section:
             411          (a) "Cable television service" means any audio, video, or data service provided by a
             412      cable television company over its cable system facilities for payment, but does not include the
             413      use of a satellite dish or antenna.
             414          (b) "Owner" includes any part-owner, joint owner, tenant in common, joint tenant, or
             415      tenant by the entirety of the whole or a part of any building and the property on which it is
             416      located.
             417          (c) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company,
             418      association, or other legal entity.
             419          (d) "Tenant or occupant" includes any person, including the owner, who occupies the
             420      whole or part of any building, whether alone or with others.
             421          (e) "Utility" means any public utility, municipally-owned utility, or cooperative utility
             422      which provides electricity, gas, water, or sewer, or any combination of them, for sale to
             423      consumers.
             424          (2) A person is guilty of theft of a utility or cable television service if the person
             425      commits any prohibited acts which make gas, electricity, water, sewer, or cable television
             426      available to a tenant or occupant, including himself, with intent to avoid due payment to the
             427      utility or cable television company. Any person aiding and abetting in these prohibited acts is a
             428      party to the offense under Section 76-2-202 . Prohibited acts include:
             429          (a) connecting any tube, pipe, wire, cable, or other instrument with any meter, device,
             430      or other instrument used for conducting gas, electricity, water, sewer, or cable television in a



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             431
     manner as permits the use of the gas, electricity, water, sewer, or cable television without its
             432      passing through a meter or other instrument recording the usage for billing;
             433          (b) altering, injuring, or preventing the normal action of a meter, valve, stopcock, or
             434      other instrument used for measuring quantities of gas, electricity, water, or sewer service, or
             435      making or maintaining any modification or alteration to any device installed with the
             436      authorization of a cable television company for the purpose of intercepting or receiving any
             437      program or other service carried by the company which the person is not authorized by the
             438      company to receive;
             439          (c) reconnecting gas, electricity, water, sewer, or cable television connections or
             440      otherwise restoring service when one or more of those utilities or cable service have been
             441      lawfully disconnected or turned off by the provider of the utility or cable service;
             442          (d) intentionally breaking, defacing, or causing to be broken or defaced any seal,
             443      locking device, or other part of a metering device for recording usage of gas, electricity, water,
             444      or sewer service, or a security system for the recording device, or a cable television control
             445      device;
             446          (e) removing a metering device designed to measure quantities of gas, electricity,
             447      water, or sewer service;
             448          (f) transferring from one location to another a metering device for measuring quantities
             449      of public utility services of gas, electricity, water, or sewer service;
             450          (g) changing the indicated consumption, jamming the measuring device, bypassing the
             451      meter or measuring device with a jumper so that it does not indicate use or registers use
             452      incorrectly, or otherwise obtaining quantities of gas, electricity, water, or sewer service from
             453      the utility without their passing through a metering device for measuring quantities of
             454      consumption for billing purposes;
             455          (h) using a metering device belonging to the utility that has not been assigned to the
             456      location and installed by the utility;
             457          (i) fabricating or using a device to pick or otherwise tamper with the locks used to deter
             458      utility service diversion, meter tampering, meter thefts, and unauthorized cable television
             459      service;
             460          (j) assisting or instructing any person in obtaining or attempting to obtain any cable
             461      television service without payment of all lawful compensation to the company providing the



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             462
     service;
             463          (k) making or maintaining a connection or connections, whether physical, electrical,
             464      mechanical, acoustical, or by other means, with any cables, wires, components, or other devices
             465      used for the distribution of cable television services without authority from the cable television
             466      company; or
             467          (l) possessing without authority any device or printed circuit board designed in whole
             468      or in part to receive any cable television programming or services offered for sale over a cable
             469      television system with the intent that the device or printed circuit be used for the reception of
             470      the cable television company's services without payment. For purposes of this subsection,
             471      device or printed circuit board does not include the use of a satellite dish or antenna.
             472          (3) The presence on property in the possession of a person of any device or alteration
             473      which permits the diversion or use of utility or cable service to avoid the registration of the use
             474      by or on a meter installed by the utility or to otherwise avoid the recording of use of the service
             475      for payment or otherwise avoid payment gives rise to an inference that the person in possession
             476      of the property installed the device or caused the alteration if:
             477          (a) the presence of the device or alteration can be attributed only to a deliberate act in
             478      furtherance of an intent to avoid payment for utility or cable television service; and
             479          (b) the person charged has received the direct benefit of the reduction of the cost of the
             480      utility or cable television service.
             481          (4) A person who violates this section is guilty of the offense of theft of utility or cable
             482      television service.
             483          (a) In the case of theft of utility services, if the value of the gas, electricity, water, or
             484      sewer service:
             485          (i) is less than [$300] $500, the offense is a class B misdemeanor;
             486          (ii) is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is not more than [$1,000] $1,500, the offense is a
             487      class A misdemeanor;
             488          (iii) is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is not more than $5,000, the offense is a third
             489      degree felony; and
             490          (iv) is or exceeds $5,000 or if the offender has previously been convicted of a violation
             491      of this section, the offense is a second degree felony.
             492          (b) In the case of theft of cable television services, the penalties are prescribed in



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             493
     Section 76-6-412 .
             494          (5) A person who violates this section shall make restitution to the utility or cable
             495      television company for the value of the gas, electricity, water, sewer, or cable television service
             496      consumed in violation of this section plus all reasonable expenses and costs incurred on
             497      account of the violation of this section. Reasonable expenses and costs include expenses and
             498      costs for investigation, disconnection, reconnection, service calls, employee time, and
             499      equipment use.
             500          (6) Criminal prosecution under this section does not affect the right of a utility or cable
             501      television company to bring a civil action for redress for damages suffered as a result of the
             502      commission of any of the acts prohibited by this section.
             503          (7) This section does not abridge or alter any other right, action, or remedy otherwise
             504      available to a utility or cable television company.
             505          Section 11. Section 76-6-412 is amended to read:
             506           76-6-412. Theft -- Classification of offenses -- Action for treble damages.
             507          (1) Theft of property and services as provided in this chapter [shall be] is punishable:
             508          (a) as a second degree felony [of the second degree] if the:
             509          (i) value of the property or services is or exceeds $5,000;
             510          (ii) property stolen is a firearm or an operable motor vehicle;
             511          (iii) actor is armed with a dangerous weapon, as defined in Section 76-1-601 , at the
             512      time of the theft; or
             513          (iv) property is stolen from the person of another;
             514          (b) as a third degree felony [of the third degree] if:
             515          (i) the value of the property or services is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than
             516      $5,000;
             517          (ii) the actor has been twice before convicted of any of the offenses listed in this
             518      Subsection (1)(b)(ii), if each prior offense was committed within 10 years of the date of the
             519      current conviction or the date of the offense upon which the current conviction is based:
             520          (A) theft, any robbery, or any burglary with intent to commit theft; [or]
             521          (B) any offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 5, Fraud; or
             522          (C) any attempt to commit any offense under Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A) or (B).
             523          (iii) in a case not amounting to a second-degree felony, the property taken is a stallion,



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             524
     mare, colt, gelding, cow, heifer, steer, ox, bull, calf, sheep, goat, mule, jack, jenny, swine,
             525      poultry, or a fur-bearing animal raised for commercial purposes;
             526          (c) as a class A misdemeanor if the value of the property stolen is or exceeds [$300]
             527      $500 but is less than [$1,000] $1,500; or
             528          (d) as a class B misdemeanor if the value of the property stolen is less than [$300]
             529      $500.
             530          (2) Any person who violates Subsection 76-6-408 (1) or Section 76-6-413 , or commits
             531      theft of property described in Subsection 76-6-412 (1)(b)(iii), is civilly liable for three times the
             532      amount of actual damages, if any sustained by the plaintiff, and for costs of suit and reasonable
             533      [attorneys'] attorney fees.
             534          Section 12. Section 76-6-505 is amended to read:
             535           76-6-505. Issuing a bad check or draft -- Presumption.
             536          (1) (a) Any person who issues or passes a check or draft for the payment of money, for
             537      the purpose of obtaining from any person, firm, partnership, or corporation, any money,
             538      property, or other thing of value or paying for any services, wages, salary, labor, or rent,
             539      knowing it will not be paid by the drawee and payment is refused by the drawee, is guilty of
             540      issuing a bad check or draft.
             541          (b) For purposes of this Subsection (1), a person who issues a check or draft for which
             542      payment is refused by the drawee is presumed to know the check or draft would not be paid if
             543      he had no account with the drawee at the time of issue.
             544          (2) Any person who issues or passes a check or draft for the payment of money, for the
             545      purpose of obtaining from any person, firm, partnership, or corporation, any money, property,
             546      or other thing of value or paying for any services, wages, salary, labor, or rent, payment of
             547      which check or draft is legally refused by the drawee, is guilty of issuing a bad check or draft if
             548      he fails to make good and actual payment to the payee in the amount of the refused check or
             549      draft within 14 days of his receiving actual notice of the check or draft's nonpayment.
             550          (3) An offense of issuing a bad check or draft shall be punished as follows:
             551          (a) If the check or draft or series of checks or drafts made or drawn in this state within
             552      a period not exceeding six months amounts to a sum that is less than [$300] $500, the offense
             553      is a class B misdemeanor.
             554          (b) If the check or draft or checks or drafts made or drawn in this state within a period



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             555
     not exceeding six months amounts to a sum that is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than
             556      [$1,000] $1,500, the offense is a class A misdemeanor.
             557          (c) If the check or draft or checks or drafts made or drawn in this state within a period
             558      not exceeding six months amounts to a sum that is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than
             559      $5,000, the offense is a felony of the third degree.
             560          (d) If the check or draft or checks or drafts made or drawn in this state within a period
             561      not exceeding six months amounts to a sum that is or exceeds $5,000, the offense is a second
             562      degree felony.
             563          Section 13. Section 76-6-506.5 is amended to read:
             564           76-6-506.5. Financial transaction card offenses -- Classification -- Multiple
             565      violations.
             566          (1) Any person found guilty of unlawful conduct described in Section 76-6-506.2 or
             567      76-6-506.6 is guilty of:
             568          (a) a class B misdemeanor when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             569      sought to be obtained is less than [$300] $500;
             570          (b) a class A misdemeanor when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             571      sought to be obtained is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than [$1,000] $1,500;
             572          (c) a third degree felony when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             573      attempted to be obtained is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than $5,000; and
             574          (d) a second degree felony when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             575      attempted to be obtained is or exceeds $5,000.
             576          (2) Multiple violations of Subsection 76-6-506.2 (1), Section 76-6-506.6 , and this
             577      section may be aggregated into a single offense, and the degree of the offense is determined by
             578      the total value of all property, money, or things obtained or attempted to be obtained through
             579      the multiple violations.
             580          (3) The court shall make appropriate findings in any prosecution under this section that
             581      the card holder did not commit the crime.
             582          Section 14. Section 76-6-513 is amended to read:
             583           76-6-513. Definitions -- Unlawful dealing of property by a fiduciary -- Penalties.
             584          (1) As used in this section:
             585          (a) "Fiduciary" is as defined in Section 22-1-1 .



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             586
         (b) "Financial institution" means "depository institution" and "trust company" as
             587      defined in Section 7-1-103 .
             588          (c) "Governmental entity" is as defined in Section 63G-7-102 .
             589          (d) "Person" does not include a financial institution whose fiduciary functions are
             590      supervised by the Department of Financial Institutions or a federal regulatory agency.
             591          (e) "Property" is as defined in Section 76-6-401 .
             592          (f) "Public monies" is as defined in Section 76-8-401 .
             593          (2) A person is guilty of unlawfully dealing with property by a fiduciary if the person
             594      deals with property that has been entrusted to him as a fiduciary, or property of a governmental
             595      entity, public monies, or of a financial institution, in a manner which the person knows is a
             596      violation of the person's duty and which involves substantial risk of loss or detriment to the
             597      owner or to a person for whose benefit the property was entrusted. A violation of this
             598      Subsection (2) is punishable under Section 76-6-412 .
             599          (3) (a) A person acting as a fiduciary is guilty of a violation of this subsection if,
             600      without permission of the owner of the property or some other person with authority to give
             601      permission, the person pledges as collateral for a personal loan, or as collateral for the benefit
             602      of some party, other than the owner or the person for whose benefit the property was entrusted,
             603      the property that has been entrusted to the fiduciary.
             604          (b) An offense under Subsection (3)(a) is punishable as:
             605          (i) a felony of the second degree if the value of the property wrongfully pledged is or
             606      exceeds $5,000;
             607          (ii) a felony of the third degree if the value of the property wrongfully pledged is or
             608      exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than $5,000;
             609          (iii) a class A misdemeanor if the value of the property is or exceeds [$300] $500, but
             610      is less than [$1,000] $1,500 or the actor has been twice before convicted of theft, robbery,
             611      burglary with intent to commit theft, or unlawful dealing with property by a fiduciary; or
             612          (iv) a class B misdemeanor if the value of the property is less than [$300] $500.
             613          Section 15. Section 76-6-518 is amended to read:
             614           76-6-518. Criminal simulation.
             615          (1) A person is guilty of criminal simulation if, with intent to defraud another:
             616          (a) he makes or alters an object in whole or in part so that it appears to have value



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             617
     because of age, antiquity, rarity, source, or authorship that it does not have;
             618          (b) he sells, passes, or otherwise utters an object so made or altered;
             619          (c) he possesses an object so made or altered with intent to sell, pass, or otherwise utter
             620      it; or
             621          (d) he authenticates or certifies an object so made or altered as genuine or as different
             622      from what it is.
             623          (2) Criminal simulation is punishable as follows:
             624          (a) If the value defrauded or intended to be defrauded is less than [$300] $500, the
             625      offense is a class B misdemeanor.
             626          (b) If the value defrauded or intended to be defrauded is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is
             627      less than [$1,000] $1,500, the offense is a class A misdemeanor.
             628          (c) If the value defrauded or intended to be defrauded is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but
             629      is less than $5,000, the offense is a felony of the third degree.
             630          (d) If the value defrauded or intended to be defrauded is or exceeds $5,000, the offense
             631      is a felony of the second degree.
             632          Section 16. Section 76-6-608 is amended to read:
             633           76-6-608. Theft detection shielding devices prohibited -- Penalties.
             634          (1) A person may not knowingly:
             635          (a) make or possess any container or device used for, intended for use for, or
             636      represented as having the purpose of shielding merchandise from any electronic or magnetic
             637      theft alarm sensor, with the intent to commit a theft of merchandise;
             638          (b) sell, offer to sell, advertise, give, transport, or otherwise transfer to another any
             639      container or device intended for use for or represented as having the purpose of shielding
             640      merchandise from any electronic or magnetic theft alarm sensor;
             641          (c) possess any tool or instrument designed to remove any theft detection device from
             642      any merchandise, with the intent to use the tool or instrument to remove any theft detection
             643      device from any merchandise without the permission of the merchant or the person owning or
             644      in possession of the merchandise; or
             645          (d) intentionally remove a theft detection device from merchandise prior to purchase
             646      and without the permission of the merchant.
             647          (2) (a) A violation of Subsection (1)(a), (b), or (c) is a class A misdemeanor.



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             648
         (b) A violation of Subsection (1)(d) is a:
             649          (i) class B misdemeanor if the value of the merchandise from which the theft detection
             650      device is removed is less than [$300] $500; or
             651          (ii) class A misdemeanor if the value of the merchandise from which the theft detection
             652      device is removed is or exceeds [$300] $500.
             653          (3) A violation of Subsection (1) is a separate offense from any offense listed in Title
             654      76, Chapter 6, Part 4, Theft, or Part 6, Retail Theft.
             655          (4) Criminal prosecutions under this section do not affect any person's right of civil
             656      action for redress for damages suffered as a result of any violation of this section.
             657          Section 17. Section 76-6-703 is amended to read:
             658           76-6-703. Computer crimes and penalties.
             659          (1) A person who without authorization gains or attempts to gain access to and alters,
             660      damages, destroys, discloses, or modifies any computer, computer network, computer property,
             661      computer system, computer program, computer data or software, and thereby causes damage to
             662      another, or obtains money, property, information, or a benefit for any person without legal
             663      right, is guilty of:
             664          (a) a class B misdemeanor when:
             665          (i) the damage caused or the value of the money, property, or benefit obtained or
             666      sought to be obtained is less than [$300] $500; or
             667          (ii) the information obtained is not confidential;
             668          (b) a class A misdemeanor when the damage caused or the value of the money,
             669      property, or benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than
             670      [$1,000] $1,500;
             671          (c) a third degree felony when the damage caused or the value of the money, property,
             672      or benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than
             673      $5,000;
             674          (d) a second degree felony when the damage caused or the value of the money,
             675      property, or benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is or exceeds $5,000; or
             676          (e) a third degree felony when:
             677          (i) the property or benefit obtained or sought to be obtained is a license or entitlement;
             678          (ii) the damage is to the license or entitlement of another person; or



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             679
         (iii) the information obtained is confidential; or
             680          (iv) in gaining access the person breaches or breaks through a security system.
             681          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), a person who intentionally or
             682      knowingly and without authorization gains or attempts to gain access to a computer, computer
             683      network, computer property, or computer system under circumstances not otherwise
             684      constituting an offense under this section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             685          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a), a retailer that uses an electronic product
             686      identification or tracking system, or other technology to identify, track, or price goods is not
             687      guilty of a violation of Subsection (2)(a) if the equipment designed to read the electronic
             688      product identification or tracking system data and used by the retailer to identify, track, or price
             689      goods is located within the retailer's location.
             690          (3) A person who uses or knowingly allows another person to use any computer,
             691      computer network, computer property, or computer system, program, or software to devise or
             692      execute any artifice or scheme to defraud or to obtain money, property, services, or other things
             693      of value by false pretenses, promises, or representations, is guilty of an offense based on the
             694      value of the money, property, services, or things of value, in the degree set forth in Subsection
             695      76-10-1801 (1).
             696          (4) A person who intentionally or knowingly and without authorization, interferes with
             697      or interrupts computer services to another authorized to receive the services is guilty of a class
             698      A misdemeanor.
             699          (5) It is an affirmative defense to Subsections (1) and (2) that a person obtained access
             700      or attempted to obtain access in response to, and for the purpose of protecting against or
             701      investigating, a prior attempted or successful breach of security of a computer, computer
             702      network, computer property, computer system whose security the person is authorized or
             703      entitled to protect, and the access attempted or obtained was no greater than reasonably
             704      necessary for that purpose.
             705          Section 18. Section 76-6-1204 is amended to read:
             706           76-6-1204. Classification of offense.
             707          (1) Notwithstanding any other administrative, civil, or criminal penalties, a person who
             708      violates Section 76-6-1203 is guilty of a:
             709          (a) class A misdemeanor when the value is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than



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             710
     [$1,000] $1,500;
             711          (b) third degree felony when the value is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than
             712      $5,000;
             713          (c) second degree felony when the value is or exceeds $5,000; and
             714          (d) second degree felony when the object or purpose of the commission of an act of
             715      mortgage fraud is the obtaining of sensitive personal identifying information, regardless of the
             716      value.
             717          (2) The determination of the degree of any offense under Subsection (1) is measured by
             718      the total value of all property, money, or things obtained or sought to be obtained by a violation
             719      of Section 76-6-1203 , except as provided in Subsection (1)(d).
             720          (3) Each residential or commercial property transaction offense under this part
             721      constitutes a separate violation.
             722          Section 19. Section 76-8-1206 is amended to read:
             723           76-8-1206. Penalties for public assistance fraud.
             724          (1) The severity of the offense of public assistance fraud is classified in accordance
             725      with the value of payments, assistance, or other benefits received, misappropriated, claimed, or
             726      applied for as follows:
             727          (a) second degree felony if the value is or exceeds $5,000;
             728          (b) third degree felony if the value is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than
             729      $5,000;
             730          (c) class A misdemeanor if the value is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than
             731      [$1,000] $1,500; and
             732          (d) class B misdemeanor if the value is less than [$300] $500.
             733          (2) For purposes of Subsection (1), the value of an offense is calculated by aggregating
             734      the values of each instance of public assistance fraud committed by the defendant as part of the
             735      same facts and circumstances or a related series of facts and circumstances.
             736          (3) Incidents of trafficking in food stamps that occur within a six-month period,
             737      committed by an individual or coconspirators, are deemed to be a related series of facts and
             738      circumstances regardless of whether the transactions are conducted with a variety of unrelated
             739      parties.
             740          Section 20. Section 76-8-1301 is amended to read:



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             741
          76-8-1301. False statements regarding unemployment compensation -- Penalties.
             742          (1) (a) A person who makes a false statement or representation knowing it to be false
             743      or knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, to obtain or increase a benefit or other payment
             744      under Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security Act, or under the Unemployment
             745      Compensation Law of any state or of the federal government for any person is guilty of
             746      unemployment insurance fraud.
             747          (b) A violation of Subsection (1)(a) is:
             748          (i) a class B misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             749      obtained is less than [$300] $500;
             750          (ii) a class A misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             751      obtained is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than [$1,000] $1,500;
             752          (iii) a third degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             753      obtained is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than $5,000; or
             754          (iv) a second degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             755      obtained is or exceeds $5,000.
             756          (c) The determination of the degree of an offense under Subsection (1)(b) shall be
             757      measured by the total value of all money obtained or sought to be obtained by the unlawful
             758      conduct.
             759          (2) (a) An officer or agent of an employing unit as defined in Section 35A-4-202 or any
             760      other person who makes a false statement or representation knowing it to be false, or who
             761      knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, to prevent or reduce the payment of unemployment
             762      compensation benefits to an individual entitled to those benefits, or to avoid becoming or
             763      remaining a subject employer or to avoid or reduce any contribution or other payment required
             764      from an employing unit under Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security Act, or under the
             765      Unemployment Compensation Law of any state or of the federal government, or who willfully
             766      fails or refuses to make a contribution or other payment or to furnish any report required in
             767      Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security Act, or to produce or permit the inspection or
             768      copying of records as required under that chapter is guilty of unemployment insurance fraud.
             769          (b) A violation of Subsection (2)(a) is:
             770          (i) a class B misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             771      obtained is less than [$300] $500;



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             772
         (ii) a class A misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             773      obtained is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than [$1,000] $1,500;
             774          (iii) a third degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             775      obtained is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than $5,000; or
             776          (iv) a second degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be
             777      obtained is or exceeds $5,000.
             778          (3) (a) A person who willfully violates any provision of Title 35A, Chapter 4,
             779      Employment Security Act, or any order made under that chapter, the violation of which is made
             780      unlawful or the observance of which is required under the terms of that chapter, and for which
             781      a penalty is neither prescribed in that chapter nor provided by any other applicable statute is
             782      guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             783          (b) Each day a violation of Subsection (3)(a) continues shall be a separate offense.
             784          (4) A person is guilty of a class C misdemeanor if:
             785          (a) as an employee of the Department of Workforce Services, in willful violation of
             786      Section 35A-4-312 , the employee makes a disclosure of information obtained from an
             787      employing unit or individual in the administration of Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment
             788      Security Act; or
             789          (b) the person has obtained a list of applicants for work or of claimants or recipients of
             790      benefits under Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security Act, and uses or permits the use of
             791      the list for any political purpose.
             792          Section 21. Section 76-10-1801 is amended to read:
             793           76-10-1801. Communications fraud -- Elements -- Penalties.
             794          (1) Any person who has devised any scheme or artifice to defraud another or to obtain
             795      from another money, property, or anything of value by means of false or fraudulent pretenses,
             796      representations, promises, or material omissions, and who communicates directly or indirectly
             797      with any person by any means for the purpose of executing or concealing the scheme or artifice
             798      is guilty of:
             799          (a) a class B misdemeanor when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             800      sought to be obtained is less than [$300] $500;
             801          (b) a class A misdemeanor when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             802      sought to be obtained is or exceeds [$300] $500 but is less than [$1,000] $1,500;



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             803
         (c) a third degree felony when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             804      sought to be obtained is or exceeds [$1,000] $1,500 but is less than $5,000;
             805          (d) a second degree felony when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             806      sought to be obtained is or exceeds $5,000; and
             807          (e) a second degree felony when the object or purpose of the scheme or artifice to
             808      defraud is the obtaining of sensitive personal identifying information, regardless of the value.
             809          (2) The determination of the degree of any offense under Subsection (1) shall be
             810      measured by the total value of all property, money, or things obtained or sought to be obtained
             811      by the scheme or artifice described in Subsection (1) except as provided in Subsection (1)(e).
             812          (3) Reliance on the part of any person is not a necessary element of the offense
             813      described in Subsection (1).
             814          (4) An intent on the part of the perpetrator of any offense described in Subsection (1) to
             815      permanently deprive any person of property, money, or thing of value is not a necessary
             816      element of the offense.
             817          (5) Each separate communication made for the purpose of executing or concealing a
             818      scheme or artifice described in Subsection (1) is a separate act and offense of communication
             819      fraud.
             820          (6) (a) To communicate as described in Subsection (1) means to:
             821          (i) bestow, convey, make known, recount, or impart;
             822          (ii) give by way of information;
             823          (iii) talk over; or
             824          (iv) transmit information.
             825          (b) Means of communication include use of the mail, telephone, telegraph, radio,
             826      television, newspaper, computer, and spoken and written communication.
             827          (7) A person may not be convicted under this section unless the pretenses,
             828      representations, promises, or material omissions made or omitted were made or omitted
             829      intentionally, knowingly, or with a reckless disregard for the truth.
             830          (8) As used in this section, "sensitive personal identifying information" means
             831      information regarding an individual's:
             832          (a) Social Security number;
             833          (b) driver's license number or other government issued identification number;



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             834
         (c) financial account number or credit or debit card number;
             835          (d) password or personal identification number or other identification required to gain
             836      access to a financial account or a secure website;
             837          (e) automated or electronic signature;
             838          (f) unique biometric data; or
             839          (g) any other information that can be used to gain access to an individual's financial
             840      accounts or to obtain goods or services.
             841          Section 22. Section 78A-6-703 is amended to read:
             842           78A-6-703. Certification hearings -- Juvenile court to hold preliminary hearing --
             843      Factors considered by juvenile court for waiver of jurisdiction to district court.
             844          (1) If a criminal information filed in accordance with Subsection 78A-6-602 (3) alleges
             845      the commission of an act which would constitute a felony if committed by an adult, the
             846      juvenile court shall conduct a preliminary hearing.
             847          (2) At the preliminary hearing the state shall have the burden of going forward with its
             848      case and the burden of establishing:
             849          (a) probable cause to believe that a crime was committed and that the defendant
             850      committed it; and
             851          (b) by a preponderance of the evidence, that it would be contrary to the best interests of
             852      the minor or of the public for the juvenile court to retain jurisdiction.
             853          (3) In considering whether or not it would be contrary to the best interests of the minor
             854      or of the public for the juvenile court to retain jurisdiction, the juvenile court shall consider,
             855      and may base its decision on, the finding of one or more of the following factors:
             856          (a) the seriousness of the offense and whether the protection of the community requires
             857      isolation of the minor beyond that afforded by juvenile facilities;
             858          (b) whether the alleged offense was committed by the minor under circumstances
             859      which would subject the minor to enhanced penalties under Section 76-3-203.1 if the minor
             860      were adult and the offense was committed:
             861          (i) in concert with two or more persons [under circumstances which would subject the
             862      minor to enhanced penalties under Section 76-3-203.1 were he an adult];
             863          (ii) for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association with any criminal street gang
             864      as defined in Section 76-9-802 ; or



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             865
         (iii) to gain recognition, acceptance, membership, or increased status with a criminal
             866      street gang as defined in Section 76-9-802 ;
             867          (c) whether the alleged offense was committed in an aggressive, violent, premeditated,
             868      or willful manner;
             869          (d) whether the alleged offense was against persons or property, greater weight being
             870      given to offenses against persons, except as provided in Section 76-8-418 ;
             871          (e) the maturity of the minor as determined by considerations of [his] the minor's
             872      home, environment, emotional attitude, and pattern of living;
             873          (f) the record and previous history of the minor;
             874          (g) the likelihood of rehabilitation of the minor by use of facilities available to the
             875      juvenile court;
             876          (h) the desirability of trial and disposition of the entire offense in one court when the
             877      minor's associates in the alleged offense are adults who will be charged with a crime in the
             878      district court;
             879          (i) whether the minor used a firearm in the commission of an offense; and
             880          (j) whether the minor possessed a dangerous weapon on or about school premises as
             881      provided in Section 76-10-505.5 .
             882          (4) The amount of weight to be given to each of the factors listed in Subsection (3) is
             883      discretionary with the court.
             884          (5) (a) Written reports and other materials relating to the minor's mental, physical,
             885      educational, and social history may be considered by the court.
             886          (b) If requested by the minor, the minor's parent, guardian, or other interested party, the
             887      court shall require the person or agency preparing the report and other material to appear and
             888      be subject to both direct and cross-examination.
             889          (6) At the conclusion of the state's case, the minor may testify under oath, call
             890      witnesses, cross-examine adverse witnesses, and present evidence on the factors required by
             891      Subsection (3).
             892          (7) If the court finds the state has met its burden under Subsection (2), the court may
             893      enter an order:
             894          (a) certifying that finding; and
             895          (b) directing that the minor be held for criminal proceedings in the district court.



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             896
         (8) If an indictment is returned by a grand jury, the preliminary examination held by the
             897      juvenile court need not include a finding of probable cause, but the juvenile court shall proceed
             898      in accordance with this section regarding the additional consideration referred to in Subsection
             899      (2)(b).
             900          (9) The provisions of Section 78A-6-115 , Section 78A-6-1111 , and other provisions
             901      relating to proceedings in juvenile cases are applicable to the hearing held under this section to
             902      the extent they are pertinent.
             903          (10) A minor who has been directed to be held for criminal proceedings in the district
             904      court is not entitled to a preliminary examination in the district court.
             905          (11) A minor who has been certified for trial in the district court shall have the same
             906      right to bail as any other criminal defendant and shall be advised of that right by the juvenile
             907      court judge. The juvenile court shall set initial bail in accordance with Title 77, Chapter 20,
             908      Bail.
             909          (12) When a minor has been certified to the district court under this section or when a
             910      criminal information or indictment is filed in a court of competent jurisdiction before a
             911      committing magistrate charging the minor with an offense described in Section 78A-6-702 , the
             912      jurisdiction of the Division of Juvenile Justice Services and the jurisdiction of the juvenile
             913      court over the minor is terminated regarding that offense, any other offenses arising from the
             914      same criminal episode, and any subsequent misdemeanors or felonies charged against [him] the
             915      minor, except as provided in Subsection (14).
             916          (13) If a minor enters a plea to, or is found guilty of any of the charges filed or on any
             917      other offense arising out of the same criminal episode, the district court retains jurisdiction
             918      over the minor for all purposes, including sentencing.
             919          (14) The juvenile court under Section 78A-6-103 and the Division of Juvenile Justice
             920      Services regain jurisdiction and any authority previously exercised over the minor when there
             921      is an acquittal, a finding of not guilty, or dismissal of all charges in the district court.
             922          Section 23. Section 78B-6-1101 is amended to read:
             923           78B-6-1101. Definitions -- Nuisance -- Right of action -- Judgment.
             924          (1) A nuisance is anything which is injurious to health, indecent, offensive to the
             925      senses, or an obstruction to the free use of property, so as to interfere with the comfortable
             926      enjoyment of life or property. A nuisance may be the subject of an action.



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             927
         (2) A nuisance may include the following:
             928          (a) drug houses and drug dealing as provided in Section 78B-6-1107 ;
             929          (b) gambling as provided in Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 11;
             930          (c) criminal activity committed in concert with two or more persons as provided in
             931      Section 76-3-203.1 ;
             932          (d) criminal activity committed for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association
             933      with any criminal street gang as defined in Section 76-9-802 ;
             934          (e) criminal activity committed to gain recognition, acceptance, membership, or
             935      increased status with a criminal street gang as defined in Section 76-9-802 ;
             936          [(d)] (f) party houses which frequently create conditions defined in Subsection (1); and
             937          [(e)] (g) prostitution as provided in Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 13.
             938          (3) A nuisance under this part includes tobacco smoke that drifts into any residential
             939      unit a person rents, leases, or owns, from another residential or commercial unit and the smoke:
             940          (a) drifts in more than once in each of two or more consecutive seven-day periods; and
             941          (b) creates any of the conditions under Subsection (1).
             942          (4) Subsection (3) does not apply to:
             943          (a) residential rental units available for temporary rental, such as for vacations, or
             944      available for only 30 or fewer days at a time; or
             945          (b) hotel or motel rooms.
             946          (5) Subsection (3) does not apply to any unit that is part of a timeshare development, as
             947      defined in Section 57-19-2 , or subject to a timeshare interest as defined in Section 57-19-2 .
             948          (6) An action may be brought by any person whose property is injuriously affected, or
             949      whose personal enjoyment is lessened by the nuisance.
             950          (7) "Agricultural operation" means any activity engaged in the commercial production
             951      of crops, orchards, aquaculture, livestock, poultry, livestock products, poultry products, and the
             952      facilities, equipment, and property used to facilitate the activity.
             953          (8) "Manufacturing facility" means any factory, plant, or other facility including its
             954      appurtenances, where the form of raw materials, processed materials, commodities, or other
             955      physical objects is converted or otherwise changed into other materials, commodities, or
             956      physical objects or where such materials, commodities, or physical objects are combined to
             957      form a new material, commodity, or physical object.



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Senate 3rd Reading Amendments 1-27-2010 rd/

             959           78B-6-1107. Nuisance -- Right of action to abate nuisances -- Drug houses and
             960      drug dealing -- Gambling -- Criminal activity -- Prostitution -- Weapons.
             961          (1) Every building or place is a nuisance where:
             962          (a) the unlawful sale, manufacture, service, storage, distribution, dispensing, or
             963      acquisition occurs of any controlled substance, precursor, or analog specified in Title 58,
             964      Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             965          (b) gambling is permitted to be played, conducted, or dealt upon as prohibited in Title
             966      76, Chapter 10, Part 11, Gambling, which creates the conditions of a nuisance as defined in
             967      Subsection 78B-6-1101 (1);
             968          (c) criminal activity is committed in concert with two or more persons as provided in
             969      Section 76-3-203.1 ;
             970          (d) criminal activity committed for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association
             971      with any criminal street gang as defined in Section 76-9-802 ;
             972          (e) criminal activity committed to gain recognition, acceptance, membership, or
             973      increased status with a criminal street gang as defined in Section 76-9-802 ;
             974          [(d)] (f) parties occur frequently which create the conditions of a nuisance as defined in
             975      Subsection 78B-6-1101 (1);
             976          [(e)] (g) prostitution or promotion of prostitution is regularly carried on by one or more
             977      persons as provided in Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 13, Prostitution; and
             978          [(f)] (h) a violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, occurs on the premises.
             979          (2) It is a defense to nuisance under Subsection (1)(a) if the defendant can prove that
             980      the defendant is lawfully entitled to possession of a controlled substance.
             981          (3) Sections 78B-6-1108 through 78B-6-1114 govern only an abatement by eviction of
             982      the nuisance as defined in Subsection (1).
             982a           S. Section 25. Effective date.
             982b          This bill takes effect on November 1, 2010. .S






Legislative Review Note
    as of 8-12-09 7:18 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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