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S.B. 143

This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Mar 4, 2010 at 5:06 PM by jeyring. -->              1     




Chief Sponsor: Daniel R. Liljenquist

House Sponsor: Paul Ray


             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill specifies instances when a grand jury may be called and adds municipal
             10      attorneys to the statute.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    specifies that a grand jury may be called when the subject of an investigation is:
             14              .    an elected official;
             15              .    a school board member; or
             16              .    a candidate for office;
             17          .    specifies when a certification need not contain specific information; and
             18          .    adds municipal attorneys to the list of prosecutors.
             19      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          77-10a-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 218
             26          77-10a-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 38

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     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 77-10a-2 is amended to read:
             30           77-10a-2. Panel of judges -- Appointment -- Membership -- Ordering of grand
             31      jury.
             32          (1) (a) The presiding officer of the Judicial Council shall appoint a panel of five judges
             33      from the district courts of the state to hear in secret all persons claiming to have information
             34      that would justify the calling of a grand jury. The presiding officer may appoint senior status
             35      district court judges to the panel. The presiding officer shall designate one member of the
             36      panel as supervising judge to serve at the pleasure of the presiding officer. The panel has the
             37      authority of the district court.
             38          (b) To ensure geographical diversity on the panel one judge shall be appointed from the
             39      first or second district for a five-year term, one judge shall be appointed from the third district
             40      for a four-year term, one judge shall be appointed from the fourth district for a three-year term,
             41      one judge shall be appointed from the fifth, sixth, seventh, or eighth districts for a two-year
             42      term, and one judge shall be appointed from the third district for a one-year term. Following
             43      the first term, all terms on the panel are for five years.
             44          (c) The panel shall hold hearings in each judicial district at least once every three years
             45      and may meet at any location within the state. Three members of the panel constitute a quorum
             46      for the transaction of panel business. The panel shall act by the concurrence of a majority of
             47      members present and may act through the supervising judge or managing judge. The schedule
             48      for the hearings shall be set by the panel and published by the Office of the Court
             49      Administrator. Persons appearing before the panel shall be placed under oath and examined by
             50      the judges conducting the hearings. Hearsay evidence may be presented at the hearings only
             51      under the same provisions and limitations that apply to preliminary hearings.
             52          (2) (a) If the panel finds good cause to believe a grand jury is necessary, the panel shall
             53      make its findings in writing and may order a grand jury to be summoned.
             54          (b) The panel may refer a matter to the attorney general, county attorney, district
             55      attorney, or city attorney for investigation and prosecution. The referral shall contain as much
             56      of the information presented to the panel as the panel determines relevant. The attorney
             57      general, county attorney, district attorney, or city attorney shall report to the panel the results of
             58      any investigation and whether the matter will be prosecuted by a prosecutor's information. The

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House Floor Amendments 3-4-2010 je/ecm
     report shall be filed with the panel within 120 days after the referral unless the panel provides
             60      for a different amount of time. If the panel is not satisfied with the action of the attorney
             61      general, county attorney, district attorney, or city attorney, the panel may order a grand jury to
             62      be summoned.
             63          (3) When the attorney general, a county attorney, a district attorney, municipal
             64      attorney, or a special prosecutor appointed under Section 77-10a-12 certifies in writing to the
             65      supervising judge that in his judgment a grand jury is necessary because of criminal activity in
             66      the state, the panel[, upon a determination of good cause,] shall order a grand jury to be
             67      summoned[.] if the panel finds good cause exists H. [ , or if the subject of the investigation is:
             68          (a) any elected official or judge of the state, county, or city;
             69          (b) any member of a school board;
             70          (c) a candidate for any office as described in this Subsection (3); or
             71          (d) any person succeeding or appointed to fill a vacant office described in this
             72      Subsection (3)
] .H
             73          (4) In determining whether good cause exists under Subsection (3), the panel shall
             74      consider, among other factors, whether a grand jury is needed to help maintain public
             75      confidence in the impartiality of the criminal justice process.
             76          (5) A written certification under Subsection (3) shall contain a statement that in the
             77      prosecutor's judgement a grand jury is necessary, but the certification need not contain any
             78      information which if disclosed may create a risk of:
             79          (a) destruction or tainting of evidence;
             80          (b) flight or other conduct by the subject of the investigation to avoid prosecution;
             81          (c) damage to a person's reputation or privacy;
             82          (d) harm to any person; or
             83          (e) a serious impediment to the investigation.
             84          (6) A written certification under Subsection (3) shall be accompanied by a statement of
             85      facts in support of the need for a grand jury.
             86          (7) The supervising judge shall seal any written statement of facts submitted under
             87      Subsection (6).
             88          [(4)] (8) The supervising judge may at the time the grand jury is summoned:
             89          (a) order that it be drawn from the state at large as provided in this chapter or from any

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     district within the state; and
             91          (b) retain authority to supervise the grand jury or delegate the supervision of the grand
             92      jury to any judge of any district court within the state.
             93          (9) If after the certification under Subsection (3) the panel does not order the
             94      summoning of a grand jury or the grand jury does not return an indictment regarding the
             95      subject matter of the certification, the prosecuting attorney may release to the public a copy of
             96      the written certification if in the prosecutor's judgment the release does not create a risk as
             97      described in Subsection (5).
             98          Section 2. Section 77-10a-12 is amended to read:
             99           77-10a-12. Representation of state -- Appointment and compensation of special
             100      prosecutor.
             101          (1) The state may be represented before any grand jury summoned in the state by:
             102          (a) the attorney general [and his assistants,] or any assistant attorney general;
             103          (b) a county attorney or any deputy county attorney;
             104          (c) a district attorney [and his deputies, and] or any deputy district attorney;
             105          (d) a municipal attorney or any deputy municipal attorney; and
             106          (e) special prosecutors appointed under this chapter and their assistants.
             107          (2) The supervising judge shall determine if a special prosecutor is necessary. [He may
             108      appoint a] A special prosecutor may be appointed only upon good cause shown and after
             109      [making] the supervising judge makes a written finding that a conflict of interest exists in the
             110      Office of the Attorney General [or], the office of the county attorney [or], district attorney, or
             111      municipal attorney who would otherwise represent the state before the grand jury.
             112          (3) In selecting a special prosecutor, the supervising judge shall give preference to the
             113      attorney general and [his assistants, county attorney or district attorney and his] assistant
             114      attorneys general, county attorneys, district attorneys, or municipal attorneys and their deputies.
             115          (4) (a) The compensation of a special prosecutor appointed under this chapter who is
             116      an employee of the Office of the Attorney General [or], the office of a county attorney [or],
             117      district attorney, or municipal attorney is only the current compensation [he receives] received
             118      in that office.
             119          (b) The compensation for an appointed special prosecutor who is not an employee of a
             120      prosecutorial office under Subsection (4)(a) shall be comparable to the compensation of a

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     deputy or assistant attorney general having similar experience to that of the special prosecutor.
             122          (5) The attorney general, county attorney, district attorney, or municipal attorney may
             123      elect to have a special prosecutor appointed by the supervising judge at the expense of the
             124      governmental entity supporting the electing prosecutor. Upon receipt of written notice from
             125      the prosecutor of that election, the supervising judge shall appoint a special prosecutor in
             126      accordance with this section. The electing prosecutor's supporting governmental entity shall
             127      reimburse the state for expenses incurred in appointment and compensation of the special
             128      prosecutor.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-1-10 1:39 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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