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S.B. 218 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Environmental Quality Code to require a bittering agent in
10 engine coolant and to address related issues.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . enacts the Engine Coolant Bittering Agent Act including:
14 . defining terms;
15 . requiring engine coolant sold in the state to contain a bittering agent subject to
16 specific conditions;
17 . requires recordkeeping and public access to the records;
18 . prohibits regulation by political subdivisions;
19 . exempts certain persons from liability for various harms;
20 . provides a private right of action; and
21 . provides exemptions.
22 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
24 Other Special Clauses:
26 Utah Code Sections Affected:
28 19-1-501, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 19-1-502, Utah Code Annotated 1953
30 19-1-503, Utah Code Annotated 1953
31 19-1-504, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 19-1-505, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 19-1-506, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 19-1-507, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 19-1-508, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
38 Section 1. Section 19-1-501 is enacted to read:
40 19-1-501. Title.
41 This part is known as the "Engine Coolant Bittering Agent Act."
42 Section 2. Section 19-1-502 is enacted to read:
43 19-1-502. Definitions.
44 (1) "Bittering agent" means an aversive agent that renders engine coolant unpalatable.
45 (2) "Engine coolant" means:
46 (a) a substance or preparation, regardless of its origin, used as the cooling medium in
47 the cooling system of an internal combustion engine to provide protection against freezing,
48 overheating, and corrosion of the cooling system; or
49 (b) a product that is labeled to indicate or imply that it will prevent freezing or
50 overheating of the cooling system of an internal combustion engine.
51 Section 3. Section 19-1-503 is enacted to read:
52 19-1-503. Requirements for engine coolant sold in state.
53 On or after January 1, 2011, a person may not sell engine coolant to a person in this
54 state that is manufactured on or after January 1, 2011, if the engine coolant:
55 (1) contains more than 10% ethylene glycol; and
56 (2) does not contain:
57 (a) denatonium benzoate within the following amounts:
58 (i) a minimum of 30 parts per million; and
59 (ii) a maximum of 50 parts per million; or
60 (b) a similar bittering agent that renders the engine coolant unpalatable if it meets or
61 exceeds the degree of aversion as compared to denatonium benzoate at a concentration of 30
62 parts per million.
63 Section 4. Section 19-1-504 is enacted to read:
64 19-1-504. Recordkeeping.
65 (1) A manufacturer or packager of engine coolant that sells the engine coolant to a
66 person in this state shall maintain for at least three years a record of the following for a
67 bittering agent used in the engine coolant in accordance with Section 19-1-503 :
68 (a) the trade name;
69 (b) the scientific name; and
70 (c) the active ingredients.
71 (2) A manufacturer or packager shall make the information described in Subsection
72 (1) available to the public upon request.
73 Section 5. Section 19-1-505 is enacted to read:
74 19-1-505. Liability limitation.
75 (1) (a) Subject to the other provisions of this section, a person may not be held liable
76 as described in Subsection (1)(b) if:
77 (i) the person is a manufacturer, processor, distributor, recycler, or seller of an engine
78 coolant; and
79 (ii) the engine coolant at issue contains denatonium benzoate in a concentration
80 described in Section 19-1-503 .
81 (b) A person described in Subsection (1)(a) may not be held liable to any person for
82 any of the following that results from the inclusion of denatonium benzoate in an engine
83 coolant in the concentrations described in Section 19-1-503 :
84 (i) personal injury;
85 (ii) death;
86 (iii) property damage;
87 (iv) damage to the environment, including natural resources; or
88 (v) economic loss.
89 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a liability to the extent that:
90 (a) the cause of the liability is unrelated to the inclusion of denatonium benzoate in an
91 engine coolant; or
92 (b) the injury described in Subsection (1)(b) is the result of willful or wanton
93 misconduct or gross negligence by a manufacturer, processor, distributor, recycler, or seller of
94 engine coolant.
95 (3) Nothing in this section shall be construed to exempt any manufacturer or
96 distributor of denatonium benzoate from any liability related to denatonium benzoate.
97 Section 6. Section 19-1-506 is enacted to read:
98 19-1-506. Preemption.
99 With respect to a retail container containing less than 55 gallons of engine coolant, a
100 political subdivision of this state may not establish or enforce a prohibition, limitation,
101 standard, or other requirement relating to the inclusion of a bittering agent in an engine
102 coolant that differs from, or is in addition to, a requirement under this part.
103 Section 7. Section 19-1-507 is enacted to read:
104 19-1-507. Civil action.
105 (1) The attorney general or a person may bring a civil action in a court of competent
106 jurisdiction to seek:
107 (a) an injunction to enforce the part; and
108 (b) if the action is brought by the attorney general, a civil penalty not to exceed $500
109 for each day the part is violated.
110 (2) In an action brought under this section, a court may:
111 (a) order injunctive relief;
112 (b) impose a civil penalty to the extent provided in Subsection (1);
113 (c) award attorney fees and costs to the attorney general or person who brings the civil
114 action, if the attorney general or person prevails; or
115 (d) take a combination of actions under this Subsection (2).
116 (3) A civil penalty imposed under this section shall be deposited into the General
118 Section 8. Section 19-1-508 is enacted to read:
119 19-1-508. Exemptions.
120 This part does not apply to:
121 (1) the sale of a motor vehicle or a part of a motor vehicle that contains engine
122 coolant; or
123 (2) a wholesale container of engine coolant that contains 55 gallons or more of engine
124 coolant if it contains a conspicuous label indicating whether or not it contains a bittering
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