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S.B. 11 Enrolled

             1     

UTAH STATE-MADE FIREARMS PROTECTION

             2     
ACT

             3     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6     
House Sponsor: Stephen E. Sandstrom

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill addresses the manufacture of firearms within the state for in-state use.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    addresses the legal status of a firearm manufactured in the state for use within the
             14      state;
             15          .    defines terms;
             16          .    provides that a firearm or one of various firearm-related items manufactured in the
             17      state for in-state use is not subject to federal firearms laws and regulations;
             18          .    exempts from in-state manufacturing some firearms and ammunition; and
             19          .    requires certain markings on a firearm manufactured in the state for use within the
             20      state.
             21      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             22          None
             23      Other Special Clauses:
             24          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             25      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             26      ENACTS:
             27          53-5b-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28          53-5b-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29          53-5b-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             30          53-5b-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31          53-5b-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32     
             33      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             34          Section 1. Section 53-5b-101 is enacted to read:
             35     
CHAPTER 5b. UTAH STATE-MADE FIREARMS PROTECTION ACT

             36     
Part 1. General Provisions

             37          53-5b-101. Title.
             38          This chapter is known as the "Utah State-Made Firearms Protection Act."
             39          Section 2. Section 53-5b-102 is enacted to read:
             40          53-5b-102. Legal considerations.
             41          In reviewing any matter covered by this chapter, a court shall consider the following:
             42          (1) The Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees to the state
             43      and its people all powers not granted to the federal government elsewhere in the Constitution
             44      and reserves to the state and people of Utah certain powers as they were understood at the time
             45      that Utah was admitted to statehood.
             46          (2) The guarantee of powers to the state and its people under the Tenth Amendment is
             47      a matter of contract between the state and people of Utah and the United States as of the time
             48      of statehood.
             49          (3) The Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees to the people
             50      rights not granted in the Constitution and reserves to the people of Utah certain rights as they
             51      were understood at the time that Utah was admitted to statehood.
             52          (4) The guarantee of rights to the people under the Ninth Amendment is a matter of
             53      contract between the state and people of Utah and the United States as of the time of
             54      statehood.
             55          (5) The regulation of intrastate commerce is vested in the state under the Ninth and
             56      Tenth Amendments to the United States Constitution.
             57          (6) The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution reserves to the people


             58      the right to keep and bear arms as that right was understood at the time that Utah was admitted
             59      to statehood, and the guarantee of the right is a matter of contract between the state and people
             60      of Utah and the United States as of the time of statehood.
             61          (7) The Utah Constitution clearly secures to Utah citizens, and prohibits government
             62      interference with, the right of individual Utah citizens to keep and bear arms.
             63          (8) A personal firearm, a firearm action or receiver, a firearm accessory, or
             64      ammunition that is manufactured commercially or privately in the state to be used or sold
             65      within the state is not subject to federal law or federal regulation, including registration, under
             66      the authority of congress to regulate interstate commerce.
             67          (9) The Legislature declares that a firearm, a firearm action or receiver, a firearm
             68      accessory, and ammunition described in Subsection (8) does not travel in interstate commerce.
             69          (10) The importation into the state of generic and insignificant parts and those parts'
             70      incorporation into a firearm, a firearm action or receiver, a firearm accessory, or ammunition
             71      manufactured in the state does not subject the firearm, firearm accessory, firearm action or
             72      receiver, or ammunition to federal law or regulation.
             73          (11) Basic materials, including unmachined steel and unshaped wood, are not
             74      firearms, firearm actions or receivers, firearms accessories, or ammunition.
             75          (12) Trade in basic materials is not subject to congressional authority to regulate
             76      firearms, firearm actions or receivers, firearms accessories, and ammunition as if the basic
             77      materials were actually firearms, firearm actions or receivers, firearms accessories, or
             78      ammunition.
             79          (13) Congress's authority to regulate interstate commerce in basic materials does not
             80      include authority to regulate firearms, firearm actions or receivers, firearms accessories, and
             81      ammunition made in the state from basic materials.
             82          (14) The attachment or use of firearms accessories in conjunction with a firearm
             83      manufactured in the state does not subject the firearm to federal regulation under Congress's
             84      power to regulate interstate commerce, without regard to whether the firearms accessories are
             85      themselves subject to federal regulation.


             86          Section 3. Section 53-5b-103 is enacted to read:
             87          53-5b-103. Definitions.
             88          As used in this chapter:
             89          (1) "Firearm" means a device from which is expelled a projectile by action of an
             90      explosive.
             91          (2) "Firearm accessory" means an item that is used in conjunction with or mounted
             92      upon a firearm, firearm action, or firearm receiver but is not essential to the basic function of a
             93      firearm, including:
             94          (a) a telescopic or laser sight;
             95          (b) a magazine;
             96          (c) a flash or sound suppressor;
             97          (d) a folding or aftermarket stock or grip;
             98          (e) a speed-loader;
             99          (f) an ammunition carrier; and
             100          (g) a light for target illumination.
             101          (3) "Generic and insignificant parts:"
             102          (a) means parts that have other manufacturing or consumer product applications; and
             103          (b) includes:
             104          (i) springs;
             105          (ii) screws;
             106          (iii) nuts; and
             107          (iv) pins.
             108          (4) "Manufactured" means creating a firearm, a firearm action or receiver, a firearm
             109      accessory, or ammunition from basic materials for functional usefulness, including:
             110          (a) forging;
             111          (b) casting;
             112          (c) machining; and
             113          (d) another process for working materials.


             114          Section 4. Section 53-5b-201 is enacted to read:
             115     
Part 2. Manufacturing Firearms

             116          53-5b-201. Intrastate firearm manufacturing.
             117          (1) This chapter applies to a firearm, a firearm action or receiver, a firearm accessory,
             118      or ammunition that is manufactured in the state to remain in the state from basic materials that
             119      can be manufactured without the inclusion of any significant parts imported into the state.
             120          (2) This chapter does not apply to:
             121          (a) a firearm that cannot be carried and used by one person;
             122          (b) a firearm that has a bore diameter greater than 1-1/2 inches and that uses
             123      smokeless powder, not black powder, as a propellant;
             124          (c) a firearm that discharges two or more projectiles with one activation of the trigger
             125      or other firing device, other than a shotgun; or
             126          (d) ammunition with a projectile that explodes using an explosion of chemical energy
             127      after the projectile leaves the firearm.
             128          Section 5. Section 53-5b-202 is enacted to read:
             129          53-5b-202. Required markings.
             130          A firearm, firearm action, or firearm receiver manufactured or sold in Utah under this
             131      chapter must have the words "Made in Utah" or "Made in UT" clearly stamped on a central
             132      metallic part, such as the receiver or frame.
             133          Section 6. Effective date.
             134          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             135      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             136      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             137      the date of veto override.


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