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Second Substitute S.B. 217

Senator Scott K. Jenkins proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
INCREASE IN SURCHARGE ON FINES

             2     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Scott K. Jenkins

             5     
House Sponsor: Kevin S. Garn

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill increases the surcharges on fines and penalties to provide funds for increased
             10      law enforcement presence in areas with halfway houses.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    increases the surcharges on criminal fines and penalties from 85% to 90%;
             14          .    creates a Law Enforcement Services Account for the increased amounts;
             15          .    requires that the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice administer the
             16      account;    
             17          .    requires that the account be used for increased law enforcement in areas with
             18      halfway houses; and
             19          .    allows law enforcement agencies to receive funds based on the number of halfway
             20      house beds in their jurisdiction to accomplish the purpose of the account.
             21      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             22          None
             23      Other Special Clauses:
             24          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2010.
             25      Utah Code Sections Affected:


             26      AMENDS:
             27          51-9-401, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3 and renumbered and
             28      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             29          51-9-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3 and renumbered and
             30      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             31      ENACTS:
             32          51-9-412, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33     
             34      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             35          Section 1. Section 51-9-401 is amended to read:
             36           51-9-401. Surcharge -- Application and exemptions.
             37          (1) (a) A surcharge shall be paid on all criminal fines, penalties, and forfeitures
             38      imposed by the courts.
             39          (b) The surcharge shall be:
             40          (i) [85%] 90% upon conviction of a:
             41          (A) felony;
             42          (B) class A misdemeanor;
             43          (C) violation of Title 41, Chapter 6a, Part 5, Driving Under the Influence and Reckless
             44      Driving; or
             45          (D) class B misdemeanor not classified within Title 41, Motor Vehicles, including
             46      violation of comparable county or municipal ordinances; or
             47          (ii) 35% upon conviction of any other offense, including violation of county or
             48      municipal ordinances not subject to the [85%] 90% surcharge.
             49          (c) The Division of Finance shall allocate the first 4.5% of the collected 90% surcharge
             50      in Subsection (1)(b)(i) to the Law Enforcement Services Account established in Section
             51      51-9-412 and the remainder as prescribed in Sections 51-9-403 through 51-9-411 .
             52          (2) The surcharge may not be imposed:
             53          (a) upon nonmoving traffic violations;
             54          (b) upon court orders when the offender is ordered to perform compensatory service
             55      work in lieu of paying a fine; and
             56          (c) upon penalties assessed by the juvenile court as part of the nonjudicial adjustment


             57      of a case under Section 78A-6-602 .
             58          (3) (a) The surcharge and the exceptions under Subsections (1) and (2) also apply to
             59      all fines, penalties, and forfeitures imposed on juveniles for conduct that would be criminal if
             60      committed by an adult.
             61          (b) However, the surcharge does not include amounts assessed or collected separately
             62      by juvenile courts for the Juvenile Restitution Account, which is independent of this part and
             63      does not affect the imposition or collection of the surcharge.
             64          (4) The surcharge under this section shall be imposed in addition to the fine charged
             65      for a civil or criminal offense, and no reduction may be made in the fine charged due to the
             66      surcharge imposition.
             67          (5) Fees, assessments, and surcharges related to criminal or traffic offenses shall be
             68      authorized and managed by this part rather than attached to particular offenses.
             69          Section 2. Section 51-9-402 is amended to read:
             70           51-9-402. Division of collected monies retained by state treasurer and local
             71      governmental collecting entity -- Purpose of surcharge -- Allocation of collections --
             72      Financial information.
             73          (1) The amount of the surcharge imposed under this part by courts of record shall be
             74      collected before any fine and deposited with the state treasurer.
             75          (2) The amount of the surcharge and the amount of criminal fines, penalties, and
             76      forfeitures imposed under this part by courts not of record shall be collected concurrently.
             77          (a) As monies are collected on criminal fines, penalties, and forfeitures subject to the
             78      [85%] 90% surcharge, the monies shall be divided pro rata so that the local governmental
             79      collecting entity retains [54%] 53% of the collected monies and the state retains [46%] 47% of
             80      the collected monies.
             81          (b) As monies are collected on criminal fines, penalties, and forfeitures subject to the
             82      35% surcharge, the monies shall be divided pro rata so that the local governmental collecting
             83      entity retains 74% of the collected monies and the state retains 26% of the collected monies.
             84          (c) The court shall deposit with the state treasurer the surcharge portion of all monies
             85      as they are collected.
             86          (3) Courts of record, courts not of record, and administrative traffic proceedings shall
             87      collect financial information to determine:


             88          (a) the total number of cases in which:
             89          (i) a final judgment has been rendered;
             90          (ii) surcharges and fines are paid by partial or installment payment; and
             91          (iii) the judgment is fulfilled by an alternative method upon the court's order; and
             92          (b) the total dollar amounts of surcharges owed to the state and fines owed to the state
             93      and county or municipality, including:
             94          (i) waived surcharges;
             95          (ii) uncollected surcharges; and
             96          (iii) collected surcharges.
             97          (4) The courts of record, courts not of record, and administrative traffic proceedings
             98      shall report all collected financial information monthly to the Administrative Office of the
             99      Courts. The collected information shall be categorized by cases subject to the [85%] 90% and
             100      35% surcharge.
             101          (5) The purpose of the surcharge is to finance the trust funds and support accounts as
             102      provided in this part.
             103          (6) (a) From the surcharge, the Division of Finance shall allocate in the manner and for
             104      the purposes described in Sections 51-9-403 through 51-9-411 .
             105          (b) Allocations shall be made on a fiscal year basis.
             106          (7) The provisions of this section and Section 51-9-401 may not impact the distribution
             107      and allocation of fines and forfeitures imposed in accordance with Sections 23-14-13 ,
             108      78A-5-110 , and 78A-7-120 .
             109          Section 3. Section 51-9-412 is enacted to read:
             110          51-9-412. Law Enforcement Services Account -- Funding -- Uses.
             111          (1) As used in this section:
             112          (a) "Account" means the Law Enforcement Services Account.
             113          (b) "Commission" means the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice created in
             114      Section 63M-7-201 .
             115          (c) "Law enforcement agency" means a local law enforcement agency.
             116          (2) There is created a restricted account within the General Fund known as the "Law
             117      Enforcement Services Account."
             118          (3) (a) The Division of Finance shall allocate funds from the collected surcharge in


             119      accordance with Subsection 51-9-401 (1)(c) to the account, but not to exceed the amount
             120      appropriated by the Legislature.
             121          (b) Money in the account shall be appropriated to the commission to administer and
             122      distribute to law enforcement agencies providing services directly to areas with halfway
             123      houses.
             124          (4) The commission shall allocate funds from the account to local law enforcement
             125      agencies on a pro-rata basis determined by the number of beds in each agency's jurisdiction for
             126      increased enforcement in areas with halfway houses.
             127          (5) A law enforcement agency may use funds received under this section only for the
             128      purposes stated in this section.
             129          (6) For each fiscal year, any law enforcement agency that receives funds from the
             130      commission under this section shall prepare, and file with the commission and the state auditor,
             131      a report in a form specified by the commission. The report shall include the following:
             132          (a) the agency's name;
             133          (b) the amount received;
             134          (c) how the funds were used, including the impact on crime reduction efforts in areas
             135      with halfway houses; and
             136          (d) a statement signed by both the agency's or political subdivision's executive officer
             137      or designee and by the agency's legal counsel that all funds were used for law enforcement
             138      operations related to reducing criminal activity in areas with halfway houses.
             139          (7) The commission shall report in writing to the legislative Law Enforcement and
             140      Criminal Justice Interim Committee annually regarding the funds allocated under this section,
             141      including the amounts and uses.
             142          Section 4. Effective date.
             143          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2010.


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