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First Substitute H.B. 75

This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Fri, Feb 4, 2011 at 4:55 PM by lerror. --> This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Feb 16, 2011 at 3:28 PM by jeyring. -->

Representative Curtis Oda proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
DANGEROUS WEAPON AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             5     
Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies provisions of the Utah Criminal Code regarding the definition of "on
             10      or about school premises" as related to the use of a dangerous weapon.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    modifies the definition of "on or about school premises" as related to:
             14              .    sentencing enhancements for the use of a dangerous weapon; and
             15              .    those locations where a person may not possess a dangerous weapon, firearm, or
             16      sawed-off shotgun; and
             17          .    makes certain technical changes.
             18      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          None
             22      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             23      AMENDS:
             24          76-3-203.2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 339
             25          76-10-505.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 203


             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 76-3-203.2 is amended to read:
             29           76-3-203.2. Definitions -- Use of dangerous weapon in offenses committed on or
             30      about school premises -- Enhanced penalties.
             31          (1) (a) As used in this section [and Section 76-10-505.5 ,] "on or about school
             32      premises" means [any of the following]:
             33          (i) (A) in a public or private elementary[,] or secondary[,] school; or
             34          (B) on the grounds of any of those schools; H. [ and ] .H
             35          (ii) (A) in a public H. [ [ ] or private [ ] ] .H [ vocational school or postsecondary ]
             35a      institution of higher
             36      education; or
             37          (B) on the grounds of [any of those schools or institutions;] a public H. or private .H
             37a      institution of
             38      higher education H. [ . ] ;
             38a          (iii) within 1,000 feet of any school, institution, or grounds included in Subsections
             38b      (1)(a)(i) and (ii); and
             38c          (iv) in or on the grounds of a preschool or child care facility. .H
             39          [(iii) in those portions of any building, park, stadium, or other structure or grounds
             40      which are, at the time of the act, being used for an activity sponsored by or through a school or
             41      institution under Subsections (1)(a)(i) and (ii);]
             42          [(iv) in or on the grounds of a preschool or child-care facility; and]
             43          [(v) within 1,000 feet of any structure, facility, or grounds included in Subsections
             44      (1)(a)(i), (ii), (iii), and (iv).]
             45          (b) As used in this section:
             46          (i) "Dangerous weapon" has the same definition as in Section 76-1-601 .
             47          (ii) "Educator" means [any] a person who is:
             48          (A) employed by a public school district; and [who is]
             49          (B) required to hold a certificate issued by the State Board of Education in order to
             50      perform duties of employment.
             51          (iii) "Within the course of employment" means that an educator is providing services or
             52      engaging in conduct required by the educator's employer to perform the duties of employment.
             53          (2) [Any] A person who, on or about school premises, commits [any] an offense and
             54      uses or threatens to use a dangerous weapon, as defined in Section 76-1-601 , in the
             55      commission of the offense is subject to an enhanced degree of offense as provided in
             56      Subsection (4).


             57          (3) (a) [Any] A person who commits an offense against an educator when the educator
             58      is acting within the course of employment is subject to an enhanced degree of offense as
             59      provided in Subsection (4).
             60          (b) As used in Subsection (3)(a), "offense" means:
             61          (i) an offense under Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person; and
             62          (ii) an offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 3, Robbery.
             63          (4) If the trier of fact finds beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant, while on or
             64      about school premises, commits [any] an offense and in the commission of the offense uses or
             65      threatens to use a dangerous weapon, or that the defendant committed an offense against an
             66      educator when the educator was acting within the course of [his] the educator's employment,
             67      the enhanced penalty for a:
             68          (a) class B misdemeanor is a class A misdemeanor;
             69          (b) class A misdemeanor is a third degree felony;
             70          (c) third degree felony is a second degree felony; or
             71          (d) second degree felony is a first degree felony.
             72          (5) The enhanced penalty for a first degree felony offense of a convicted person:
             73          (a) is imprisonment for a term of not less than five years and which may be for life, and
             74      imposition or execution of the sentence may not be suspended unless the court finds that the
             75      interests of justice would be best served and states the specific circumstances justifying the
             76      disposition on the record; and
             77          (b) is subject also to the dangerous weapon enhancement provided in Section
             78      76-3-203.8 , except for an offense committed under Subsection (3) that does not involve a
             79      firearm.
             80          (6) The prosecuting attorney, or grand jury if an indictment is returned, shall provide
             81      notice upon the information or indictment that the defendant is subject to the enhanced degree
             82      of offense or penalty under Subsection (4) or (5).
             83          (7) In cases where an offense is enhanced [pursuant to] under Subsection (4)[(a), (b),
             84      (c), or (d)], or under Subsection (5)(a) for an offense committed under Subsection (2) that does
             85      not involve a firearm, the convicted person is not subject to the dangerous weapon
             86      enhancement in Section 76-3-203.8 .
             87          (8) The sentencing enhancement described in this section does not apply if:


             88          (a) the offense for which the person is being sentenced is:
             89          (i) a grievous sexual offense;
             90          (ii) child kidnapping[,] under Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             91          (iii) aggravated kidnapping[,] under Section 76-5-302 ; or
             92          (iv) forcible sexual abuse[,] under Section 76-5-404 ; and
             93          (b) applying the sentencing enhancement provided for in this section would result in a
             94      lower maximum penalty than the penalty provided for under the section that describes the
             95      offense for which the person is being sentenced.
             96          Section 2. Section 76-10-505.5 is amended to read:
             97           76-10-505.5. Possession of a dangerous weapon, firearm, or sawed-off shotgun on
             98      or about school premises -- Penalties.
             99          (1) As used in this section, "on or about school premises" means:
             100          (a) (i) in a public or private elementary or secondary school; or
             101          (ii) on the grounds of any of those schools; H. [ and ] .H
             102          (b) (i) in a public H. or private .H institution of higher education; or
             103          (ii) on the grounds of a public H. or private .H institution of higher
             103a      education H. ; and
             103b          (iii)(A) inside the building where a preschool or child care is being held, if the entire
             103c      building is being used for the operation of the preschool or child care; or
             103d          (B) if only a portion of a building is being used to operate a preschool or child care, in
             103e      that room or rooms where the preschool or child care operation is being held .H .
             104          [(1)] (2) A person may not possess any dangerous weapon, firearm, or sawed-off
             105      shotgun, as those terms are defined in Section 76-10-501 , at a place that the person knows, or
             106      has reasonable cause to believe, is on or about school premises as defined in [Subsection
             107      76-3-203.2 (1)] this section.
             108          [(2)] (3) (a) Possession of a dangerous weapon on or about school premises is a class B
             109      misdemeanor.
             110          (b) Possession of a firearm or sawed-off shotgun on or about school premises is a class
             111      A misdemeanor.
             111a      H. [ H. (c)(i) If the person's reckless possession of a dangerous weapon, firearm, or sawed-off
             111b      shotgun causes the school to go into a lock down, then as part of the sentence for violation of this
             111c      section, the court shall order the defendant to reimburse the school for the costs incurred by the school
             111d      as a result of the lock down.
             111e          (ii) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the state
             111f      board of education shall make a rule as to the components of a lock down for purposes of Subsection
             111g      (2)(c)(i). .H ] .H
             112          [(3)] (4) This section does not apply if:


             113          (a) the person is authorized to possess a firearm as provided under Section 53-5-704 ,
             114      53-5-705 , 76-10-511 , or 76-10-523 , or as otherwise authorized by law;
             115          (b) the possession is approved by the responsible school administrator;
             116          (c) the item is present or to be used in connection with a lawful, approved activity and
             117      is in the possession or under the control of the person responsible for its possession or use; or
             118          (d) the possession is:


             119          (i) at the person's place of residence or on the person's property; or
             120          (ii) in any vehicle lawfully under the person's control, other than a vehicle owned by
             121      the school or used by the school to transport students[; or].
             122          [(iii) at the person's place of business which is not located in the areas described in
             123      Subsection 76-3-203.2 (1)(a)(i), (ii), or (iv).]
             124          [(4)] (5) This section does not prohibit prosecution of a more serious weapons offense
             125      that may occur on or about school premises.


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