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Second Substitute H.B. 116

This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Feb 23, 2011 at 4:02 PM by lerror. -->

Representative Bill Wright proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
GUEST WORKER PROGRAM ACT

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Bill Wright

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Stuart C. Reid

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Workforce Services Code to establish a guest worker
             10      program that provides for the issuance of permits to undocumented individuals.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    enacts the Guest Worker Program Act, including:
             14              .    defining terms;
             15              .    directing the Department of Workforce Services to administer the program;
             16              .    requiring the department and governor to seek waivers, exemptions, or
             17      authorizations;
             18              .    addressing the timing of implementation;
             19              .    creating a restricted account;
             20              .    addressing coordination with other laws or programs;
             21              .    providing for two types of permits;
             22              .    establishing eligibility criteria;
             23              .    creating an application and renewal process;
             24              .    imposing conditions during permit term;
             25              .    addressing English proficiency;


             26              .    providing for verification of a valid permit;
             27              .    addressing protected status of records;
             28              .    prohibiting certain conduct;
             29              .    creating administrative and criminal penalties; and
             30              .    providing for the sharing of information related to enforcement; and
             31          .    enacts the Identification Enforcement Act, including:
             32              .    defining terms;
             33              .    imposing requirements related to identification;
             34              .    allowing for fingerprinting and photographing under certain circumstances;
             35              .    creating an identification database; and
             36              .    providing for the sharing of information with federal agencies.
             37      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             38          None
             39      Other Special Clauses:
             40          None
             41      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             42      AMENDS:
             43          63G-2-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 344
             44          63G-2-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 6, 113, and 247
             45          63G-11-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 281
             46          63J-1-602.2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 265 and last amended by
             47      Coordination Clause, Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 265
             48      ENACTS:
             49          35A-8-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             50          35A-8-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             51          35A-8-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             52          35A-8-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             53          35A-8-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54          35A-8-204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             55          35A-8-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             56          35A-8-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             57          35A-8-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             58          35A-8-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             59          35A-8-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             60          35A-8-306, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             61          35A-8-307, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             62          35A-8-401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             63          35A-8-402, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             64          35A-8-403, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             65          35A-8-404, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             66          76-8-1501, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             67          76-8-1502, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             68          76-8-1503, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69          76-8-1504, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             70          76-8-1505, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             71     
             72      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             73          Section 1. Section 35A-8-101 is enacted to read:
             74     
CHAPTER 8. GUEST WORKER PROGRAM ACT

             75     
Part 1. General Provisions

             76          35A-8-101. Title.
             77          This chapter is known as the "Guest Worker Program Act."
             78          Section 2. Section 35A-8-102 is enacted to read:
             79          35A-8-102. Definitions.
             80          As used in this chapter:
             81          (1) "Basic health insurance plan" means a health plan that is actuarially equivalent to a
             82      federally qualified high deductible health plan.
             83          (2) "Family member" means for an undocumented individual:
             84          (a) a member of the undocumented individual's immediate family;
             85          (b) the undocumented individual's grandparent;
             86          (c) the undocumented individual's sibling;
             87          (d) the undocumented individual's grandchild;


             88          (e) the undocumented individual's nephew;
             89          (f) the undocumented individual's niece;
             90          (g) a spouse of an individual described in this Subsection (2); or
             91          (h) an individual who is similar to one listed in this Subsection (2).
             92          (3) "Guest worker" means an undocumented individual who holds a guest worker
             93      permit.
             94          (4) "Guest worker permit" means a permit issued in accordance with Section
             95      35A-8-304 to an undocumented individual who meets the eligibility criteria of Section
             96      35A-8-302 .
             97          (5) "Immediate family" means for an undocumented individual:
             98          (a) the undocumented individual's spouse; or
             99          (b) a child of the undocumented individual if the child is:
             100          (i) under 21 years of age; and
             101          (ii) unmarried.
             102          (6) "Immediate family permit" means a permit issued in accordance with Section
             103      35A-8-304 to an undocumented individual who meets the eligibility criteria of Section
             104      35A-8-303 .
             105          (7) "Lawfully present in the United States" is as defined in 8 C.F.R. Sec. 103.12.
             106          (8) "Permit" means a permit issued under this chapter and includes:
             107          (a) a guest worker permit; and
             108          (b) an immediate family permit.
             109          (9) "Permit holder" means an individual who holds a permit.
             110          (10) "Program" means the Guest Worker Program described in Section 35A-8-201 .
             111          (11) "Relevant contact information" means the following for an undocumented
             112      individual:
             113          (a) the undocumented individual's name;
             114          (b) the undocumented individual's residential address;
             115          (c) the undocumented individual's residential telephone number;
             116          (d) the undocumented individual's personal email address;
             117          (e) the name of the person with whom the undocumented individual has a contract for
             118      hire;


             119          (f) the name of the contact person for the person listed in Subsection (11)(e);
             120          (g) the address of the person listed in Subsection (11)(e);
             121          (h) the telephone number for the person listed in Subsection (11)(e);
             122          (i) the names of the undocumented individual's immediate family members;
             123          (j) the names of the family members who reside with the undocumented individual;
             124      and
             125          (k) any other information required by the department by rule made in accordance with
             126      Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             127          (12) "Restricted account" means the Guest Worker Permit Restricted Account created
             128      in Section 35A-8-203 .
             129          (13) "Serious felony" means a felony under:
             130          (a) Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;
             131          (b) Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children;
             132          (c) Title 76, Chapter 6, Offenses Against Property;
             133          (d) Title 76, Chapter 7, Offenses Against the Family;
             134          (e) Title 76, Chapter 8, Offenses Against the Administration of Government;
             135          (f) Title 76, Chapter 9, Offenses Against Public Order and Decency; and
             136          (g) Title 76, Chapter 10, Offenses Against Public Health, Safety, Welfare, and Morals.
             137          (14) "Undocumented individual" means an individual who:
             138          (a) lives or works in the state; and
             139          (b) is not lawfully present in the United States.
             140          Section 3. Section 35A-8-201 is enacted to read:
             141     
Part 2. Guest Worker Program

             142          35A-8-201. Department to create program.
             143          (1) The department shall administer a program known as the "Guest Worker Program"
             144      created by this chapter. Under this program, the department shall:
             145          (a) seek one or more waivers, exemptions, or authorizations to implement the program
             146      as provided in Section 35A-8-202 ;
             147          (b) issue a permit as provided in Section 35A-8-304 ;
             148          (c) establish fees in accordance with Section 63J-1-504 for a filing or service required
             149      by this chapter;


             150          (d) take action under Part 4, Enforcement; and
             151          (e) report annually to the governor and the Legislature.
             152          (2) The department may make rules in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
             153      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to the extent expressly provided for in this chapter.
             154          (3) In implementing this chapter, the department shall cooperate with other state
             155      agencies to minimize any duplication in databases or services required under this chapter.
             156          Section 4. Section 35A-8-202 is enacted to read:
             157          35A-8-202. Federal waivers, exemptions, or authorizations -- Implementation
             158      without waiver, exemption, or authorization.
             159          (1) The department, under the direction of the governor, shall seek one or more federal
             160      waivers, exemptions, or authorizations to implement the program.
             161          (2) The governor shall actively participate in the effort to obtain one or more federal
             162      waivers, exemptions, or authorizations under this section.
             163          (3) The department shall implement the program the sooner of:
             164          (a) 120 days after the day on which the governor finds that the state has the one or
             165      more federal waivers, exemptions, or authorizations needed to implement the program; or
             166          (b) July 1, 2013.
             167          Section 5. Section 35A-8-203 is enacted to read:
             168          35A-8-203. Guest Worker Permit Restricted Account.
             169          (1) There is created a restricted account within the General Fund known as the "Guest
             170      Worker Permit Restricted Account."
             171          (2) (a) The restricted account shall consist of:
             172          (i) a fee collected under this chapter;
             173          (ii) a fine collected under Section 35A-8-304 ;
             174          (iii) civil penalties imposed under Part 4, Enforcement;
             175          (iv) money appropriated to the restricted account by the Legislature; and
             176          (v) interest earned on the restricted account.
             177          (b) The restricted account shall earn interest.
             178          (3) The Legislature may appropriate money from the restricted account to:
             179          (a) the department and the Office of the Governor to pay the costs associated with the
             180      implementation of Section 35A-8-202 ;


             181          (b) the department to administer the program;
             182          (c) the State Tax Commission for costs associated with implementing Section
             183      35A-8-204 ;
             184          (d) the attorney general for costs associated with:
             185          (i) litigation related to this chapter;
             186          (ii) a multi-agency strike force created under Section 67-5-22.7 ; or
             187          (iii) a memorandum of understanding executed under Section 67-5-28 ; or
             188          (e) fund the costs associated with Title 76, Chapter 8, Part 15, Identification
             189      Enforcement Act.
             190          Section 6. Section 35A-8-204 is enacted to read:
             191          35A-8-204. Coordination with other federal or state laws or programs.
             192          (1) To the extent feasible, the department shall coordinate the implementation of the
             193      program with other existing state and federal laws that relate to immigration and labor,
             194      including laws pertaining to obtaining the privilege to drive and to report citizenship status.
             195          (2) (a) If a permit holder is not issued a Social Security number, the State Tax
             196      Commission shall, by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
             197      Rulemaking Act, provide a means for a person who receives services from a permit holder to
             198      withhold from compensation paid to the permit holder an amount to be determined by State
             199      Tax Commission rule that, as closely as possible, equals the income and employment taxes that
             200      would be imposed by state and federal law if the permit holder were an employee with a Social
             201      Security number.
             202          (b) If a waiver, exemption, or authorization described in Section 35A-8-202 provides
             203      for the issuance of a Social Security number to a permit holder, a person who receives services
             204      from a permit holder is required to withhold from compensation as provided in Title 59,
             205      Chapter 10, Part 4, Withholding of Tax.
             206          (c) The rules described in Subsection (2)(a) shall be substantially similar to Title 59,
             207      Chapter 10, Part 4, Withholding of Tax.
             208          (d) (i) The State Commission by rules described in Subsection (2)(a) shall provide a
             209      method by which the state remits to the federal government the money collected under
             210      Subsection (1)(a) that would be owed the federal government if the permit holder were an
             211      employee with a Social Security number.


             212          (ii) If a waiver, exemption, or authority is entered into under Section 35A-8-202 , the
             213      method by which the state remits to the federal government the money collected under (2)(a)
             214      shall be consistent with the waiver, exemption, or authority.
             215          (3) The department shall facilitate the use in this state of other employer based work
             216      programs that meet the needs of Utah employers by using workers who are not working in Utah
             217      and who are not United States citizens. Nothing in this chapter prevents a person from using
             218      an employer based work program described in this Subsection (3) that exists under the auspices
             219      of a foreign government in cooperation with the United States government.
             220          (4) A permit holder is not eligible for unemployment compensation.
             221          Section 7. Section 35A-8-301 is enacted to read:
             222     
Part 3. Permits

             223          35A-8-301. Requirement to have permit -- Purpose of permit.
             224          (1) (a) An undocumented individual who is eligible to obtain a permit under this
             225      chapter may obtain a permit in accordance with this chapter.
             226          (b) An undocumented individual shall obtain permit:
             227          (i) before providing services to a person in this state under a contract for hire; or
             228          (ii) in accordance with Subsection 35A-8-307 (2), by no later than 30 days from the day
             229      on which the undocumented individual enters into a contract for hire.
             230          (2) Subject to Subsection (3), a permit is considered an identification document for
             231      purposes of Title 63G, Chapter 11, Identity Documents and Verification, and may be used as
             232      identification or proof of the permit holder's age for any state or local government required
             233      purpose.
             234          (3) An individual may not use a permit:
             235          (a) to establish entitlement to a federal, state, or local benefit as described in Section
             236      63G-11-104 ; or
             237          (b) to obtain work or provide services in a state other than Utah.
             238          (4) A permit holder is not considered an employee for purposes of:
             239          (a) Title 13, Chapter 47, Private Employer Verification Act; and
             240          (b) Title 63G, Chapter 11, Identity Documents and Verification.
             241          Section 8. Section 35A-8-302 is enacted to read:
             242          35A-8-302. Eligibility criteria to obtain and maintain a guest worker permit.


             243          (1) To be eligible to obtain or maintain a guest worker permit, an undocumented
             244      individual shall:
             245          (a) (i) be 18 years of age or older; or
             246          (ii) if younger than 18 years of age, have the permission of a parent or guardian;
             247          (b) live in Utah, but not be lawfully present in the United States;
             248          (c) have worked or lived in the United States before May 10, 2011;
             249          (d) provide relevant contact information and regularly update the relevant contact
             250      information in a manner required by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
             251      Administrative Rulemaking Act;
             252          (e) provide documentation of a contract for hire under which the undocumented
             253      individual begins to provide services within at least 30 days of the day on which the
             254      undocumented individual obtains the permit;
             255          (f) (i) provide a criminal background check conducted by the Utah Bureau of Criminal
             256      Identification; and
             257          (ii) not have been convicted of, pled guilty to, pled no contest to, pled guilty in a
             258      similar manner to, or resolved by diversion or its equivalent to a serious felony;
             259          (g) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the person would not be
             260      inadmissible for public health grounds under 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1182;
             261          (h) (i) be covered by a basic health insurance plan; or
             262          (ii) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the individual has no medical
             263      debt that is past due and agrees to have no medical debt that is past due during the term of the
             264      permit; and
             265          (i) (i) hold a driving privilege card issued in accordance with Section 53-3-207 ; or
             266          (ii) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the undocumented individual
             267      will not drive a motor vehicle in the state.
             268          (2) The department may by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
             269      Administrative Rulemaking Act, provide for the documentation required to establish eligibility
             270      under Subsection (1). When making a rule under this section, the department shall use federal
             271      standards as a guideline to avoid unnecessary duplication and additional costs.
             272          Section 9. Section 35A-8-303 is enacted to read:
             273          35A-8-303. Eligibility to obtain and maintain an immediate family permit.


             274          To be eligible to obtain or maintain an immediate family permit, an undocumented
             275      individual shall:
             276          (1) live in Utah, but not be lawfully present in the United States;
             277          (2) be a member of a guest worker's immediate family; and
             278          (3) provide relevant contact information and regularly update the relevant contact
             279      information in a manner required by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
             280      Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             281          Section 10. Section 35A-8-304 is enacted to read:
             282          35A-8-304. Application and renewal process.
             283          (1) The department may not issue a permit under this chapter until the program is
             284      implemented under Section 35A-8-202 .
             285          (2) The department shall:
             286          (a) create a permit that:
             287          (i) is of impervious material that is resistant to wear or damage; and
             288          (ii) minimizes the risk that the permit may be forged, falsified, or counterfeited; and
             289          (b) ensure that a permit:
             290          (i) includes a photograph of the individual to whom the permit is issued;
             291          (ii) prominently states the day on which the permit expires; and
             292          (iii) prominently states the type of permit.
             293          (3) A permit expires two years from the day on which the department issues the permit.
             294          (4) To apply for or renew a permit, an undocumented individual shall submit to the
             295      department, in a form acceptable under this chapter:
             296          (a) an application;
             297          (b) documentation of meeting the criteria in Section 35A-8-302 or 35A-8-303 ;
             298          (c) for a renewal, documentation of efforts to comply with Section 35A-8-306 ;
             299          (d) a signed statement verifying the information in the application and documentation;
             300          (e) a fee established by the department in accordance with Section 63J-1-504 ; and
             301          (f) for an initial guest worker permit, a fine of $750 unless the undocumented
             302      individual provides evidence satisfactory to the department that the undocumented individual is
             303      covered by a basic health insurance plan.
             303a      H. (g) priority is given to anyone who has filed a federal application for legal citizenship. .H
             304          (5) If an undocumented individual submits a complete application and the department


             305      determines that the undocumented individual meets the criteria of Section 35A-8-302 or
             306      35A-8-303 , the department shall issue or renew:
             307          (a) a guest worker permit if the undocumented individual qualifies under Section
             308      35A-8-302 ; and
             309          (b) an immediate family permit if the undocumented individual qualifies under Section
             310      35A-8-303 .
             311          (6) An undocumented individual may appeal a denial of a permit under this section in
             312      accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
             313          Section 11. Section 35A-8-305 is enacted to read:
             314          35A-8-305. Conditions during permit term.
             315          (1) A permit holder shall continue to meet the eligibility criteria under Section
             316      35A-8-302 or 35A-8-303 for the type of permit held by the permit holder.
             317          (2) A permit is automatically revoked if after issuance of the permit:
             318          (a) the permit holder to whom it is issued is convicted of, pleads guilty to, pleads no
             319      contest to, pleads guilty in a similar manner to, or resolved by diversion or its equivalent a
             320      serious felony;
             321          (b) for a guest worker permit, the permit holder to whom it is issued does not provide
             322      services under a contract for hire for more than one year; or
             323          (c) for an immediate family permit, the guest worker permit under which the
             324      immediate family member's permit is issued is revoked or expires under this chapter.
             325          Section 12. Section 35A-8-306 is enacted to read:
             326          35A-8-306. Proficiency standards for English.
             327          (1) A permit holder shall in good faith use best efforts to become proficient in the
             328      English language at or above the equivalent to an intermediate level on a language proficiency
             329      assessment test used by the State Office of Education for purposes of secondary school
             330      students.
             331          (2) An individual shall pay the costs of complying with this section.
             332          Section 13. Section 35A-8-307 is enacted to read:
             333          35A-8-307. Verification of valid permit -- Protected status of information.
             334          (1) (a) A person who hires a permit holder shall verify with the department that the
             335      permit is valid in accordance with a procedure established by the department by rule made in


             336      accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             337          (b) The verification procedure adopted under this Subsection (1) shall be substantially
             338      similar to the employer requirements to verify federal employment status under:
             339          (i) Title 13, Chapter 47, Private Employer Verification Act; and
             340          (ii) Title 63G, Chapter 11, Identity Documents and Verification.
             341          (c) Subject to Subsection (2), a person shall terminate an undocumented individual if
             342      the undocumented individual is determined by the department to not hold a valid permit.
             343          (2) (a) By rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
             344      Rulemaking Act, the department shall provide a procedure under which a person may hire an
             345      undocumented individual who does not hold a permit pending the undocumented individual
             346      obtaining a permit within 30 days of the day on which the undocumented individual is hired to
             347      provide services.
             348          (b) An undocumented individual may not provide services under a contract for hire to a
             349      person for more than 30 days during a two-year calendar period without obtaining a permit as
             350      provided under this chapter.
             351          (3) An undocumented individual may appeal a determination that a permit is invalid in
             352      accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
             353          (4) Subject to Section 35A-8-404 , a record under this chapter is a protected record
             354      under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act, except that a
             355      record may not be shared under Section 63G-2-206 , unless:
             356          (a) requested by the Office of Legislative Auditor General in accordance with Section
             357      36-12-15 ; or
             358          (b) disclosed to a federal government entity in accordance with this chapter or a
             359      waiver, exemption, or authorization described in Section 35A-8-202 .
             360          (5) The state is not liable to any person for:
             361          (a) the design, implementation, or operation of a verification procedure under this
             362      chapter;
             363          (b) the collection and disclosure of information as part of a verification procedure
             364      under this chapter; or
             365          (c) the determination that a permit is invalid.
             366          Section 14. Section 35A-8-401 is enacted to read:


             367     
Part 4. Enforcement

             368          35A-8-401. Prohibited conduct.
             369          (1) A permit holder may not file for or receive unemployment benefits.
             370          (2) A person may not:
             371          (a) furnish false or forged information or documentation in support of an application;
             372          (b) alter the information on a permit;
             373          (c) if the person is a guest worker, be reported absent from work for 10 consecutive
             374      days without the approval of the person who hires the guest worker;
             375          (d) allow an individual to use a permit if the individual is not entitled to use the permit;
             376          (e) display or represent that a permit is issued to an individual, if the permit is not
             377      issued to the individual;
             378          (f) display a revoked permit as a valid permit;
             379          (g) knowingly or with reckless disregard acquire, use, display, or transfer an item that
             380      purports to be a valid permit, but that is not a valid permit; or
             381          (h) otherwise violate this chapter.
             382          Section 15. Section 35A-8-402 is enacted to read:
             383          35A-8-402. Administrative penalties.
             384          For a violation described in Section 35A-8-401 , the department may:
             385          (1) suspend, limit, or revoke and repossess a permit;
             386          (2) impose a civil penalty not to exceed $750 for each violation; or
             387          (3) take a combination of actions under this section.
             388          Section 16. Section 35A-8-403 is enacted to read:
             389          35A-8-403. Criminal penalties.
             390          A person is guilty of a class C misdemeanor if the person:
             391          (1) furnishes false or forged information or documentation in support of an application;
             392      or
             393          (2) alters the information on a permit.
             394          Section 17. Section 35A-8-404 is enacted to read:
             395          35A-8-404. Sharing of information related to enforcement.
             396          (1) The department shall provide the notice described in Subsection (2), if the
             397      department determines that an undocumented individual who is not lawfully present in the


             398      United States:
             399          (a) has the undocumented individual's permit revoked; or
             400          (b) permits the undocumented individual's permit to expire.
             401          (2) (a) The department shall provide the notice required by Subsection (1) to:
             402          (i) Utah's attorney general;
             403          (ii) the Department of Public Safety; and
             404          (iii) United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
             405          (b) The notice described in Subsection (2)(a) shall:
             406          (i) include:
             407          (A) the last known address of the undocumented individual; and
             408          (B) the basis of the notice described in Subsection (1); and
             409          (ii) be sent promptly after the day on which the time to appeal, if any, the action that is
             410      the basis for the notification under Subsection (1) ends.
             411          Section 18. Section 63G-2-206 is amended to read:
             412           63G-2-206. Sharing records.
             413          (1) A governmental entity may provide a record that is private, controlled, or protected
             414      to another governmental entity, a government-managed corporation, a political subdivision, the
             415      federal government, or another state if the requesting entity:
             416          (a) serves as a repository or archives for purposes of historical preservation,
             417      administrative maintenance, or destruction;
             418          (b) enforces, litigates, or investigates civil, criminal, or administrative law, and the
             419      record is necessary to a proceeding or investigation;
             420          (c) is authorized by state statute to conduct an audit and the record is needed for that
             421      purpose;
             422          (d) is one that collects information for presentence, probationary, or parole purposes; or
             423          (e) (i) is:
             424          (A) the Legislature;
             425          (B) a legislative committee;
             426          (C) a member of the Legislature; or
             427          (D) a legislative staff member acting at the request of the Legislature, a legislative
             428      committee, or a member of the Legislature; and


             429          (ii) requests the record in relation to the Legislature's duties including:
             430          (A) the preparation or review of a legislative proposal or legislation;
             431          (B) appropriations; or
             432          (C) an investigation or review conducted by the Legislature or a legislative committee.
             433          (2) (a) A governmental entity may provide a private, controlled, or protected record or
             434      record series to another governmental entity, a political subdivision, a government-managed
             435      corporation, the federal government, or another state if the requesting entity provides written
             436      assurance:
             437          (i) that the record or record series is necessary to the performance of the governmental
             438      entity's duties and functions;
             439          (ii) that the record or record series will be used for a purpose similar to the purpose for
             440      which the information in the record or record series was collected or obtained; and
             441          (iii) that the use of the record or record series produces a public benefit that outweighs
             442      the individual privacy right that protects the record or record series.
             443          (b) A governmental entity may provide a private, controlled, or protected record or
             444      record series to a contractor or a private provider according to the requirements of Subsection
             445      (6)(b).
             446          (3) (a) A governmental entity shall provide a private, controlled, or protected record to
             447      another governmental entity, a political subdivision, a government-managed corporation, the
             448      federal government, or another state if the requesting entity:
             449          (i) is entitled by law to inspect the record;
             450          (ii) is required to inspect the record as a condition of participating in a state or federal
             451      program or for receiving state or federal funds; or
             452          (iii) is an entity described in Subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), or (e).
             453          (b) Subsection (3)(a)(iii) applies only if the record is a record described in Subsection
             454      63G-2-305 (4).
             455          (4) Before disclosing a record or record series under this section to another
             456      governmental entity, another state, the United States, a foreign government, or to a contractor
             457      or private provider, the originating governmental entity shall:
             458          (a) inform the recipient of the record's classification and the accompanying restrictions
             459      on access; and


             460          (b) if the recipient is not a governmental entity to which this chapter applies, obtain the
             461      recipient's written agreement which may be by mechanical or electronic transmission that it
             462      will abide by those restrictions on access unless a statute, federal regulation, or interstate
             463      agreement otherwise governs the sharing of the record or record series.
             464          (5) A governmental entity may disclose a record to another state, the United States, or a
             465      foreign government for the reasons listed in Subsections (1) and (2) without complying with
             466      the procedures of Subsection (2) or (4) if disclosure is authorized by executive agreement,
             467      treaty, federal statute, compact, federal regulation, or state statute.
             468          (6) (a) Subject to Subsections (6)(b) and (c), an entity receiving a record under this
             469      section is subject to the same restrictions on disclosure of the record as the originating entity.
             470          (b) A contractor or a private provider may receive information under this section only
             471      if:
             472          (i) the contractor or private provider's use of the record or record series produces a
             473      public benefit that outweighs the individual privacy right that protects the record or record
             474      series;
             475          (ii) the record or record series it requests:
             476          (A) is necessary for the performance of a contract with a governmental entity;
             477          (B) will only be used for the performance of the contract with the governmental entity;
             478          (C) will not be disclosed to any other person; and
             479          (D) will not be used for advertising or solicitation purposes; and
             480          (iii) the contractor or private provider gives written assurance to the governmental
             481      entity that is providing the record or record series that it will adhere to the restrictions of this
             482      Subsection (6)(b).
             483          (c) The classification of a record already held by a governmental entity and the
             484      applicable restrictions on disclosure of that record are not affected by the governmental entity's
             485      receipt under this section of a record with a different classification that contains information
             486      that is also included in the previously held record.
             487          (7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if a more specific court rule or
             488      order, state statute, federal statute, or federal regulation prohibits or requires sharing
             489      information, that rule, order, statute, or federal regulation controls.
             490          (8) The following records may not be shared under this section:


             491          (a) records held by the Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining that pertain to any person and
             492      that are gathered under authority of Title 40, Chapter 6, Board and Division of Oil, Gas, and
             493      Mining; [and]
             494          (b) records of publicly funded libraries as described in Subsection 63G-2-302 (1)(c)[.];
             495      and
             496          (c) subject to Section 35A-8-307 , a record under Title 35A, Chapter 8, Guest Worker
             497      Program Act.
             498          (9) Records that may evidence or relate to a violation of law may be disclosed to a
             499      government prosecutor, peace officer, or auditor.
             500          Section 19. Section 63G-2-305 is amended to read:
             501           63G-2-305. Protected records.
             502          The following records are protected if properly classified by a governmental entity:
             503          (1) trade secrets as defined in Section 13-24-2 if the person submitting the trade secret
             504      has provided the governmental entity with the information specified in Section 63G-2-309 ;
             505          (2) commercial information or nonindividual financial information obtained from a
             506      person if:
             507          (a) disclosure of the information could reasonably be expected to result in unfair
             508      competitive injury to the person submitting the information or would impair the ability of the
             509      governmental entity to obtain necessary information in the future;
             510          (b) the person submitting the information has a greater interest in prohibiting access
             511      than the public in obtaining access; and
             512          (c) the person submitting the information has provided the governmental entity with
             513      the information specified in Section 63G-2-309 ;
             514          (3) commercial or financial information acquired or prepared by a governmental entity
             515      to the extent that disclosure would lead to financial speculations in currencies, securities, or
             516      commodities that will interfere with a planned transaction by the governmental entity or cause
             517      substantial financial injury to the governmental entity or state economy;
             518          (4) records the disclosure of which could cause commercial injury to, or confer a
             519      competitive advantage upon a potential or actual competitor of, a commercial project entity as
             520      defined in Subsection 11-13-103 (4);
             521          (5) test questions and answers to be used in future license, certification, registration,


             522      employment, or academic examinations;
             523          (6) records the disclosure of which would impair governmental procurement
             524      proceedings or give an unfair advantage to any person proposing to enter into a contract or
             525      agreement with a governmental entity, except, subject to Subsections (1) and (2), that this
             526      Subsection (6) does not restrict the right of a person to have access to, once the contract or
             527      grant has been awarded, a bid, proposal, or application submitted to or by a governmental
             528      entity in response to:
             529          (a) a request for bids;
             530          (b) a request for proposals;
             531          (c) a grant; or
             532          (d) other similar document;
             533          (7) records that would identify real property or the appraisal or estimated value of real
             534      or personal property, including intellectual property, under consideration for public acquisition
             535      before any rights to the property are acquired unless:
             536          (a) public interest in obtaining access to the information outweighs the governmental
             537      entity's need to acquire the property on the best terms possible;
             538          (b) the information has already been disclosed to persons not employed by or under a
             539      duty of confidentiality to the entity;
             540          (c) in the case of records that would identify property, potential sellers of the described
             541      property have already learned of the governmental entity's plans to acquire the property;
             542          (d) in the case of records that would identify the appraisal or estimated value of
             543      property, the potential sellers have already learned of the governmental entity's estimated value
             544      of the property; or
             545          (e) the property under consideration for public acquisition is a single family residence
             546      and the governmental entity seeking to acquire the property has initiated negotiations to acquire
             547      the property as required under Section 78B-6-505 ;
             548          (8) records prepared in contemplation of sale, exchange, lease, rental, or other
             549      compensated transaction of real or personal property including intellectual property, which, if
             550      disclosed prior to completion of the transaction, would reveal the appraisal or estimated value
             551      of the subject property, unless:
             552          (a) the public interest in access outweighs the interests in restricting access, including


             553      the governmental entity's interest in maximizing the financial benefit of the transaction; or
             554          (b) when prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity, appraisals or estimates of
             555      the value of the subject property have already been disclosed to persons not employed by or
             556      under a duty of confidentiality to the entity;
             557          (9) records created or maintained for civil, criminal, or administrative enforcement
             558      purposes or audit purposes, or for discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes, if
             559      release of the records:
             560          (a) reasonably could be expected to interfere with investigations undertaken for
             561      enforcement, discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes;
             562          (b) reasonably could be expected to interfere with audits, disciplinary, or enforcement
             563      proceedings;
             564          (c) would create a danger of depriving a person of a right to a fair trial or impartial
             565      hearing;
             566          (d) reasonably could be expected to disclose the identity of a source who is not
             567      generally known outside of government and, in the case of a record compiled in the course of
             568      an investigation, disclose information furnished by a source not generally known outside of
             569      government if disclosure would compromise the source; or
             570          (e) reasonably could be expected to disclose investigative or audit techniques,
             571      procedures, policies, or orders not generally known outside of government if disclosure would
             572      interfere with enforcement or audit efforts;
             573          (10) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the life or safety of an
             574      individual;
             575          (11) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the security of governmental
             576      property, governmental programs, or governmental recordkeeping systems from damage, theft,
             577      or other appropriation or use contrary to law or public policy;
             578          (12) records that, if disclosed, would jeopardize the security or safety of a correctional
             579      facility, or records relating to incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole, that would interfere
             580      with the control and supervision of an offender's incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole;
             581          (13) records that, if disclosed, would reveal recommendations made to the Board of
             582      Pardons and Parole by an employee of or contractor for the Department of Corrections, the
             583      Board of Pardons and Parole, or the Department of Human Services that are based on the


             584      employee's or contractor's supervision, diagnosis, or treatment of any person within the board's
             585      jurisdiction;
             586          (14) records and audit workpapers that identify audit, collection, and operational
             587      procedures and methods used by the State Tax Commission, if disclosure would interfere with
             588      audits or collections;
             589          (15) records of a governmental audit agency relating to an ongoing or planned audit
             590      until the final audit is released;
             591          (16) records prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity solely in anticipation of
             592      litigation that are not available under the rules of discovery;
             593          (17) records disclosing an attorney's work product, including the mental impressions or
             594      legal theories of an attorney or other representative of a governmental entity concerning
             595      litigation;
             596          (18) records of communications between a governmental entity and an attorney
             597      representing, retained, or employed by the governmental entity if the communications would be
             598      privileged as provided in Section 78B-1-137 ;
             599          (19) (a) (i) personal files of a state legislator, including personal correspondence to or
             600      from a member of the Legislature; and
             601          (ii) notwithstanding Subsection (19)(a)(i), correspondence that gives notice of
             602      legislative action or policy may not be classified as protected under this section; and
             603          (b) (i) an internal communication that is part of the deliberative process in connection
             604      with the preparation of legislation between:
             605          (A) members of a legislative body;
             606          (B) a member of a legislative body and a member of the legislative body's staff; or
             607          (C) members of a legislative body's staff; and
             608          (ii) notwithstanding Subsection (19)(b)(i), a communication that gives notice of
             609      legislative action or policy may not be classified as protected under this section;
             610          (20) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Research and
             611      General Counsel, that, if disclosed, would reveal a particular legislator's contemplated
             612      legislation or contemplated course of action before the legislator has elected to support the
             613      legislation or course of action, or made the legislation or course of action public; and
             614          (b) notwithstanding Subsection (20)(a), the form to request legislation submitted to the


             615      Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel is a public document unless a legislator
             616      asks that the records requesting the legislation be maintained as protected records until such
             617      time as the legislator elects to make the legislation or course of action public;
             618          (21) research requests from legislators to the Office of Legislative Research and
             619      General Counsel or the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst and research findings prepared
             620      in response to these requests;
             621          (22) drafts, unless otherwise classified as public;
             622          (23) records concerning a governmental entity's strategy about collective bargaining or
             623      pending litigation;
             624          (24) records of investigations of loss occurrences and analyses of loss occurrences that
             625      may be covered by the Risk Management Fund, the Employers' Reinsurance Fund, the
             626      Uninsured Employers' Fund, or similar divisions in other governmental entities;
             627          (25) records, other than personnel evaluations, that contain a personal recommendation
             628      concerning an individual if disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of
             629      personal privacy, or disclosure is not in the public interest;
             630          (26) records that reveal the location of historic, prehistoric, paleontological, or
             631      biological resources that if known would jeopardize the security of those resources or of
             632      valuable historic, scientific, educational, or cultural information;
             633          (27) records of independent state agencies if the disclosure of the records would
             634      conflict with the fiduciary obligations of the agency;
             635          (28) records of an institution within the state system of higher education defined in
             636      Section 53B-1-102 regarding tenure evaluations, appointments, applications for admissions,
             637      retention decisions, and promotions, which could be properly discussed in a meeting closed in
             638      accordance with Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act, provided that records of
             639      the final decisions about tenure, appointments, retention, promotions, or those students
             640      admitted, may not be classified as protected under this section;
             641          (29) records of the governor's office, including budget recommendations, legislative
             642      proposals, and policy statements, that if disclosed would reveal the governor's contemplated
             643      policies or contemplated courses of action before the governor has implemented or rejected
             644      those policies or courses of action or made them public;
             645          (30) records of the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst relating to budget analysis,


             646      revenue estimates, and fiscal notes of proposed legislation before issuance of the final
             647      recommendations in these areas;
             648          (31) records provided by the United States or by a government entity outside the state
             649      that are given to the governmental entity with a requirement that they be managed as protected
             650      records if the providing entity certifies that the record would not be subject to public disclosure
             651      if retained by it;
             652          (32) transcripts, minutes, or reports of the closed portion of a meeting of a public body
             653      except as provided in Section 52-4-206 ;
             654          (33) records that would reveal the contents of settlement negotiations but not including
             655      final settlements or empirical data to the extent that they are not otherwise exempt from
             656      disclosure;
             657          (34) memoranda prepared by staff and used in the decision-making process by an
             658      administrative law judge, a member of the Board of Pardons and Parole, or a member of any
             659      other body charged by law with performing a quasi-judicial function;
             660          (35) records that would reveal negotiations regarding assistance or incentives offered
             661      by or requested from a governmental entity for the purpose of encouraging a person to expand
             662      or locate a business in Utah, but only if disclosure would result in actual economic harm to the
             663      person or place the governmental entity at a competitive disadvantage, but this section may not
             664      be used to restrict access to a record evidencing a final contract;
             665          (36) materials to which access must be limited for purposes of securing or maintaining
             666      the governmental entity's proprietary protection of intellectual property rights including patents,
             667      copyrights, and trade secrets;
             668          (37) the name of a donor or a prospective donor to a governmental entity, including an
             669      institution within the state system of higher education defined in Section 53B-1-102 , and other
             670      information concerning the donation that could reasonably be expected to reveal the identity of
             671      the donor, provided that:
             672          (a) the donor requests anonymity in writing;
             673          (b) any terms, conditions, restrictions, or privileges relating to the donation may not be
             674      classified protected by the governmental entity under this Subsection (37); and
             675          (c) except for an institution within the state system of higher education defined in
             676      Section 53B-1-102 , the governmental unit to which the donation is made is primarily engaged


             677      in educational, charitable, or artistic endeavors, and has no regulatory or legislative authority
             678      over the donor, a member of the donor's immediate family, or any entity owned or controlled
             679      by the donor or the donor's immediate family;
             680          (38) accident reports, except as provided in Sections 41-6a-404 , 41-12a-202 , and
             681      73-18-13 ;
             682          (39) a notification of workers' compensation insurance coverage described in Section
             683      34A-2-205 ;
             684          (40) (a) the following records of an institution within the state system of higher
             685      education defined in Section 53B-1-102 , which have been developed, discovered, disclosed to,
             686      or received by or on behalf of faculty, staff, employees, or students of the institution:
             687          (i) unpublished lecture notes;
             688          (ii) unpublished notes, data, and information:
             689          (A) relating to research; and
             690          (B) of:
             691          (I) the institution within the state system of higher education defined in Section
             692      53B-1-102 ; or
             693          (II) a sponsor of sponsored research;
             694          (iii) unpublished manuscripts;
             695          (iv) creative works in process;
             696          (v) scholarly correspondence; and
             697          (vi) confidential information contained in research proposals;
             698          (b) Subsection (40)(a) may not be construed to prohibit disclosure of public
             699      information required pursuant to Subsection 53B-16-302 (2)(a) or (b); and
             700          (c) Subsection (40)(a) may not be construed to affect the ownership of a record;
             701          (41) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General
             702      that would reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit prior to the
             703      date that audit is completed and made public; and
             704          (b) notwithstanding Subsection (41)(a), a request for a legislative audit submitted to the
             705      Office of the Legislative Auditor General is a public document unless the legislator asks that
             706      the records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General that would
             707      reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit be maintained as


             708      protected records until the audit is completed and made public;
             709          (42) records that provide detail as to the location of an explosive, including a map or
             710      other document that indicates the location of:
             711          (a) a production facility; or
             712          (b) a magazine;
             713          (43) information:
             714          (a) contained in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult Services
             715      created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ; or
             716          (b) received or maintained in relation to the Identity Theft Reporting Information
             717      System (IRIS) established under Section 67-5-22 ;
             718          (44) information contained in the Management Information System and Licensing
             719      Information System described in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child and Family Services;
             720          (45) information regarding National Guard operations or activities in support of the
             721      National Guard's federal mission;
             722          (46) records provided by any pawn or secondhand business to a law enforcement
             723      agency or to the central database in compliance with Title 13, Chapter 32a, Pawnshop and
             724      Secondhand Merchandise Transaction Information Act;
             725          (47) information regarding food security, risk, and vulnerability assessments performed
             726      by the Department of Agriculture and Food;
             727          (48) except to the extent that the record is exempt from this chapter pursuant to Section
             728      63G-2-106 , records related to an emergency plan or program prepared or maintained by the
             729      Division of Homeland Security the disclosure of which would jeopardize:
             730          (a) the safety of the general public; or
             731          (b) the security of:
             732          (i) governmental property;
             733          (ii) governmental programs; or
             734          (iii) the property of a private person who provides the Division of Homeland Security
             735      information;
             736          (49) records of the Department of Agriculture and Food relating to the National
             737      Animal Identification System or any other program that provides for the identification, tracing,
             738      or control of livestock diseases, including any program established under Title 4, Chapter 24,


             739      Utah Livestock Brand and Anti-theft Act or Title 4, Chapter 31, Livestock Inspection and
             740      Quarantine;
             741          (50) as provided in Section 26-39-501 :
             742          (a) information or records held by the Department of Health related to a complaint
             743      regarding a child care program or residential child care which the department is unable to
             744      substantiate; and
             745          (b) information or records related to a complaint received by the Department of Health
             746      from an anonymous complainant regarding a child care program or residential child care;
             747          (51) unless otherwise classified as public under Section 63G-2-301 and except as
             748      provided under Section 41-1a-116 , an individual's home address, home telephone number, or
             749      personal mobile phone number, if:
             750          (a) the individual is required to provide the information in order to comply with a law,
             751      ordinance, rule, or order of a government entity; and
             752          (b) the subject of the record has a reasonable expectation that this information will be
             753      kept confidential due to:
             754          (i) the nature of the law, ordinance, rule, or order; and
             755          (ii) the individual complying with the law, ordinance, rule, or order;
             756          (52) the name, home address, work addresses, and telephone numbers of an individual
             757      that is engaged in, or that provides goods or services for, medical or scientific research that is:
             758          (a) conducted within the state system of higher education, as defined in Section
             759      53B-1-102 ; and
             760          (b) conducted using animals;
             761          (53) an initial proposal under Title 63M, Chapter 1, Part 26, Government Procurement
             762      Private Proposal Program, to the extent not made public by rules made under that chapter;
             763          (54) information collected and a report prepared by the Judicial Performance
             764      Evaluation Commission concerning a judge, unless Section 20A-7-702 or Title 78A, Chapter
             765      12, Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission Act, requires disclosure of, or makes public,
             766      the information or report;
             767          (55) (a) records of the Utah Educational Savings Plan created under Section
             768      53B-8a-103 if the disclosure of the records would conflict with its fiduciary obligations;
             769          (b) proposals submitted to the Utah Educational Savings Plan; and


             770          (c) contracts entered into by the Utah Educational Savings Plan and the related
             771      payments;
             772          (56) records contained in the Management Information System created in Section
             773      62A-4a-1003 ;
             774          (57) records provided or received by the Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office in
             775      furtherance of any contract or other agreement made in accordance with Section 63J-4-603 ;
             776          (58) information requested by and provided to the Utah State 911 Committee under
             777      Section 53-10-602 ;
             778          (59) recorded Children's Justice Center investigative interviews, both video and audio,
             779      the release of which are governed by Section 77-37-4 ; [and]
             780          (60) in accordance with Section 73-10-33 :
             781          (a) a management plan for a water conveyance facility in the possession of the Division
             782      of Water Resources or the Board of Water Resources; or
             783          (b) an outline of an emergency response plan in possession of the state or a county or
             784      municipality[.];
             785          (61) subject to Section 35A-8-307 , a record under Title 35A, Chapter 8, Guest Worker
             786      Program Act; and
             787          (62) subject to Section 76-8-1505 , the database created in Section 76-8-1504 .
             788          Section 20. Section 63G-11-102 is amended to read:
             789           63G-11-102. Creation of identity documents -- Issuance to citizens, nationals, and
             790      legal permanent resident aliens -- Exceptions.
             791          (1) The following entities may create, publish, or otherwise manufacture an
             792      identification document, identification card, or identification certificate and possess an
             793      engraved plate or other device for the printing of an identification document:
             794          (a) a federal, state, or local government agency for employee identification, which is
             795      designed to identify the bearer as an employee;
             796          (b) a federal, state, or local government agency for purposes authorized or required by
             797      law or a legitimate purpose consistent with the duties of the agency, including such documents
             798      as voter identification cards, identification cards, passports, birth certificates, and Social
             799      Security cards; and
             800          (c) a public school or state or private educational institution to identify the bearer as an


             801      administrator, faculty member, student, or employee.
             802          (2) The name of the issuing entity shall be clearly printed upon the face of the
             803      identification document.
             804          (3) Except as otherwise provided in Subsections (4) and (5) or by federal law, an entity
             805      providing an identity document, card, or certificate under Subsection (1)(b) or (c) shall issue
             806      the document, card, or certificate only to:
             807          (a) a United States citizen;
             808          (b) a national; or
             809          (c) a legal permanent resident alien.
             810          (4) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an applicant for an identification document
             811      who presents, in person, valid documentary evidence of the applicant's:
             812          (i) unexpired immigrant or nonimmigrant visa status for admission into the United
             813      States;
             814          (ii) pending or approved application for asylum in the United States;
             815          (iii) admission into the United States as a refugee;
             816          (iv) pending or approved application for temporary protected status in the United
             817      States;
             818          (v) approved deferred action status; or
             819          (vi) pending application for adjustment of status to legal permanent resident or
             820      conditional resident.
             821          (b) (i) An entity listed in Subsection (1)(b) or (c) may issue a Subsection (1)(b) or (c)
             822      identification document to an applicant who satisfies the requirements of Subsection (4)(a).
             823          (ii) Except as otherwise provided by federal law, the document is valid only:
             824          (A) during the period of time of the individual's authorized stay in the United States; or
             825          (B) for one year from the date of issuance if there is no definite end to the individual's
             826      period of authorized stay.
             827          (iii) An entity issuing an identification document under this Subsection (4) shall clearly
             828      indicate on the document:
             829          (A) that it is temporary; and
             830          (B) its expiration date.
             831          (c) An individual may renew a document issued under this Subsection (4) only upon


             832      presentation of valid documentary evidence that the status by which the individual originally
             833      qualified for the identification document has been extended by the United States Citizenship
             834      and Immigration Services or other authorized agency of the United States Department of
             835      Homeland Security.
             836          (5) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an identification document issued under
             837      Subsection (1)(c) that:
             838          (i) is only valid for use on the educational institution's campus or facility; and
             839          (ii) includes a statement of the restricted use conspicuously printed upon the face of the
             840      identification document.
             841          (b) Subsection (3) does not apply to a license certificate, driving privilege card, or
             842      identification card issued or renewed under Title 53, Chapter 3, Uniform Driver License Act.
             843          (c) Subsection (3) does not apply to a public transit pass issued by a public transit
             844      district as defined in Title 17B, Chapter 2a, Part 8, Public Transit District Act, that:
             845          (i) is only valid for use on the public transit system; and
             846          (ii) includes a statement of the restricted use conspicuously printed on the face of the
             847      public transit pass.
             848          (d) Subsection (3) does not apply to a permit issued by the Department of Workforce
             849      Services under Title 35A, Chapter 8, Guest Worker Program Act.
             850          (6) This section shall be enforced without regard to race, religion, gender, ethnicity, or
             851      national origin.
             852          Section 21. Section 63J-1-602.2 is amended to read:
             853           63J-1-602.2. List of nonlapsing funds and accounts -- Title 31 through Title 45.
             854          (1) Appropriations from the Technology Development Restricted Account created in
             855      Section 31A-3-104 .
             856          (2) Appropriations from the Criminal Background Check Restricted Account created in
             857      Section 31A-3-105 .
             858          (3) Appropriations from the Captive Insurance Restricted Account created in Section
             859      31A-3-304 , except to the extent that Section 31A-3-304 makes the money received under that
             860      section free revenue.
             861          (4) Appropriations from the Title Licensee Enforcement Restricted Account created in
             862      Section 31A-23a-415 .


             863          (5) The fund for operating the state's Federal Health Care Tax Credit Program, as
             864      provided in Section 31A-38-104 .
             865          (6) The Special Administrative Expense Account created in Section 35A-4-506 .
             866          (7) The Guest Worker Permit Restricted Account created in Section 35A-8-205 .
             867          [(7)] (8) Funding for a new program or agency that is designated as nonlapsing under
             868      Section 36-24-101 .
             869          [(8)] (9) The Oil and Gas Conservation Account created in Section 40-6-14.5 .
             870          [(9)] (10) The Off-Highway Access and Education Restricted Account created in
             871      Section 41-22-19.5 .
             872          Section 22. Section 76-8-1501 is enacted to read:
             873     
Part 15. Identification Enforcement Act

             874          76-8-1501. Title.
             875          This part is known as the "Identification Enforcement Act."
             876          Section 23. Section 76-8-1502 is enacted to read:
             877          76-8-1502. Definitions.
             878          As used in this part:
             879          (1) "Database" means the identification database created in Section 76-8-1504 .
             880          (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety created in Section 53-1-103 .
             881          (3) "Guest worker program permit" means a permit issued under Title 35A, Chapter 8,
             882      Guest Worker Program Act.
             883          (4) (a) "Identification" means a document that is a form of positive identification that:
             884          (i) is issued by a federal, state, or tribal government entity; and
             885          (ii) contains a numerical identifier and a photograph of the person identified.
             886          (b) "Identification" includes:
             887          (i) an identification card issued by the state;
             888          (ii) an identification card issued by another state that is similar to an identification card
             889      issued by this state;
             890          (iii) a driver license issued by any state;
             891          (iv) a United States military identification card;
             892          (v) one of the following if it contains a photograph of the individual:
             893          (A) a valid tribal identification card;


             894          (B) a Bureau of Indian Affairs card; or
             895          (C) a tribal treaty card; or
             896          (vi) a guest worker program permit.
             897          (5) "Law enforcement agency" means an entity of the federal government, a state, or a
             898      political subdivision of a state, including a state institution of higher education, that exists
             899      primarily to prevent and detect crime and enforce criminal laws, statutes, and ordinances.
             900          (6) "Law enforcement officer" has the same meaning as in Section 53-13-103 .
             901          Section 24. Section 76-8-1503 is enacted to read:
             902          76-8-1503. Identification requirements -- Fingerprinting and photographing.
             903          (1) On and after July 1, 2013, a person shall display at least one form of identification
             904      to a law enforcement officer on demand of the law enforcement officer if the law enforcement
             905      officer conducts a lawful stop, detention, or arrest of the individual when acting in the
             906      enforcement of a state law or local ordinance.
             907          (2) If an individual fails to display to a law enforcement officer identification as
             908      required under Subsection (1), the law enforcement officer may:
             909          (a) make a record of the time and location where the lawful stop, detention, or arrest
             910      occurs;
             911          (b) fingerprint the individual; and
             912          (c) take a photograph of the individual.
             913          (3) It is a defense to a charge under this section that the person charged produces in
             914      court identification that is issued to the person and is valid at the time of citation or arrest.
             915          (4) (a) An individual is guilty of a class C misdemeanor if the individual violates
             916      Subsection (1).
             917          (b) An individual is guilty of a class B misdemeanor if the individual refuses to allow a
             918      law enforcement officer to do the following as required by Subsection (2):
             919          (i) fingerprint the individual; or
             920          (ii) take a photograph of the individual.
             921          (5) An arrest made under this section shall be conducted in accordance with Section
             922      77-7-2 .
             923          (6) A law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national origin in
             924      implementing this section, except to the extent permitted by the constitutions of the United


             925      States and this state.
             926          Section 25. Section 76-8-1504 is enacted to read:
             927          76-8-1504. Identification database.
             928          (1) A law enforcement agency shall forward the information described in Subsection
             929      76-8-1503 (2) to the department in an electronic format.
             930          (2) The department shall maintain a database of the information provided to the
             931      department under Subsection (1).
             932          (3) The department shall develop and maintain the database to facilitate the disclosures
             933      required by Section 76-8-1505 .
             934          (4) The database created under this section is a protected record under Title 63G,
             935      Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
             936          (5) The department shall maintain a record created as part of the database for at least
             937      three years from the day on which the record is created in the database.
             938          Section 26. Section 76-8-1505 is enacted to read:
             939          76-8-1505. Sharing of information with federal agencies.
             940          (1) In accordance with a memorandum of understanding entered into by the state under
             941      Section 67-5-28 , the department shall share one or more records in the database with the
             942      United States Department of Justice or the United States Department of Homeland Security as
             943      provided in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1357(g) for the enforcement of federal immigration and customs
             944      laws.
             945          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the department may not share a record under this
             946      section related to the holder of a valid guest worker program permit.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-18-11 7:38 AM


As required by legislative rule and practice, the Office of Legislative Research and General
Counsel provides the following legislative review note to assist the Legislature in making its
own determination as to the constitutionality of the bill. The note is based on an analysis of
relevant state and federal constitutional law as applied to the bill. The note is not written for the
purpose of influencing whether the bill should become law, but is written to provide
information relevant to legislators' consideration of this bill. The note is not a substitute for the
judgment of the judiciary, which has authority to determine the constitutionality of a law in the
context of a specific case.


The Constitution of the United States grants authority to the federal government to regulate
foreign commerce and to adopt a uniform rule of naturalization. The United States Supreme
Court has also found inherent federal authority to regulate immigration on the basis of federal
sovereignty and the power to engage in foreign affairs, this is sometimes referred to as the
"plenary power," which in more recent years has been made subject to certain constitutional
limits. See, e.g., Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001); Fong Yue Ting v. United States, 149
U.S. 698 (1893); Hernandez-Carrera v. Carlson, 547 F.3d 1237 (10th Cir. 2009). Federal
immigration law generally consists of both civil and criminal laws regarding admission of
foreign nationals, including the criteria and means for selection and the basis and procedure for
removal; citizenship by birth or by naturalization; criminal actions, such as transporting or
harboring an alien; and related laws such as access to public benefits, employment of
unauthorized aliens, issuance of driver licenses, etc. The key federal statute is the Immigration
and Nationality Act (INA).

When a state regulates in the area of immigration, the issue arises of whether the state action is
preempted by federal law. To determine whether preemption exists, courts generally examine
whether the state regulation fails at least one of three tests: Is it preempted because of a
conflict with federal law? Is it preempted because federal law has so occupied the field that
states are not allowed to regulate in the area? Is there an express preemption of state action?

The bill addresses areas also addressed by federal law such as accessing and disclosing
immigration information. Significantly, this bill provides a means by which a person may
employ an unauthorized alien in this state if the unauthorized alien is issued a state permit.
Federal law, in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1324a, makes it unlawful to hire, recruit ,or refer for a fee, an
alien for employment in the United States knowing that the alien is an unauthorized alien.

The bill requires the executive branch to seek waivers that would authorize the state program,
but provides for implementation in the absence of such a waiver. Although federal law contains
measures to allow cooperation between the federal government and a state, the INA and related
regulations do not have an express process to provide a waiver that grants states authority to
related to state laws in areas that are governed by federal law. In the absence of an effective
waiver recognized as valid by the courts, under current law, there is a high probability that a
court would find that portions of this bill unconstitutional because they are preempted by
federal law as applied through the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution of the United States.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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