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Second Substitute H.B. 116
This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Feb 23, 2011 at 4:02 PM by lerror. -->
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Utah Workforce Services Code to establish a guest worker
10 program that provides for the issuance of permits to undocumented individuals.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . enacts the Guest Worker Program Act, including:
14 . defining terms;
15 . directing the Department of Workforce Services to administer the program;
16 . requiring the department and governor to seek waivers, exemptions, or
18 . addressing the timing of implementation;
19 . creating a restricted account;
20 . addressing coordination with other laws or programs;
21 . providing for two types of permits;
22 . establishing eligibility criteria;
23 . creating an application and renewal process;
24 . imposing conditions during permit term;
25 . addressing English proficiency;
26 . providing for verification of a valid permit;
27 . addressing protected status of records;
28 . prohibiting certain conduct;
29 . creating administrative and criminal penalties; and
30 . providing for the sharing of information related to enforcement; and
31 . enacts the Identification Enforcement Act, including:
32 . defining terms;
33 . imposing requirements related to identification;
34 . allowing for fingerprinting and photographing under certain circumstances;
35 . creating an identification database; and
36 . providing for the sharing of information with federal agencies.
37 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
39 Other Special Clauses:
41 Utah Code Sections Affected:
43 63G-2-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 344
44 63G-2-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 6, 113, and 247
45 63G-11-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 281
46 63J-1-602.2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 265 and last amended by
47 Coordination Clause, Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 265
49 35A-8-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
50 35A-8-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
51 35A-8-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
52 35A-8-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
53 35A-8-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
54 35A-8-204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
55 35A-8-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
56 35A-8-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
57 35A-8-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58 35A-8-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
59 35A-8-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
60 35A-8-306, Utah Code Annotated 1953
61 35A-8-307, Utah Code Annotated 1953
62 35A-8-401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
63 35A-8-402, Utah Code Annotated 1953
64 35A-8-403, Utah Code Annotated 1953
65 35A-8-404, Utah Code Annotated 1953
66 76-8-1501, Utah Code Annotated 1953
67 76-8-1502, Utah Code Annotated 1953
68 76-8-1503, Utah Code Annotated 1953
69 76-8-1504, Utah Code Annotated 1953
70 76-8-1505, Utah Code Annotated 1953
72 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
73 Section 1. Section 35A-8-101 is enacted to read:
76 35A-8-101. Title.
77 This chapter is known as the "Guest Worker Program Act."
78 Section 2. Section 35A-8-102 is enacted to read:
79 35A-8-102. Definitions.
80 As used in this chapter:
81 (1) "Basic health insurance plan" means a health plan that is actuarially equivalent to a
82 federally qualified high deductible health plan.
83 (2) "Family member" means for an undocumented individual:
84 (a) a member of the undocumented individual's immediate family;
85 (b) the undocumented individual's grandparent;
86 (c) the undocumented individual's sibling;
87 (d) the undocumented individual's grandchild;
88 (e) the undocumented individual's nephew;
89 (f) the undocumented individual's niece;
90 (g) a spouse of an individual described in this Subsection (2); or
91 (h) an individual who is similar to one listed in this Subsection (2).
92 (3) "Guest worker" means an undocumented individual who holds a guest worker
94 (4) "Guest worker permit" means a permit issued in accordance with Section
95 35A-8-304 to an undocumented individual who meets the eligibility criteria of Section
96 35A-8-302 .
97 (5) "Immediate family" means for an undocumented individual:
98 (a) the undocumented individual's spouse; or
99 (b) a child of the undocumented individual if the child is:
100 (i) under 21 years of age; and
101 (ii) unmarried.
102 (6) "Immediate family permit" means a permit issued in accordance with Section
103 35A-8-304 to an undocumented individual who meets the eligibility criteria of Section
104 35A-8-303 .
105 (7) "Lawfully present in the United States" is as defined in 8 C.F.R. Sec. 103.12.
106 (8) "Permit" means a permit issued under this chapter and includes:
107 (a) a guest worker permit; and
108 (b) an immediate family permit.
109 (9) "Permit holder" means an individual who holds a permit.
110 (10) "Program" means the Guest Worker Program described in Section 35A-8-201 .
111 (11) "Relevant contact information" means the following for an undocumented
113 (a) the undocumented individual's name;
114 (b) the undocumented individual's residential address;
115 (c) the undocumented individual's residential telephone number;
116 (d) the undocumented individual's personal email address;
117 (e) the name of the person with whom the undocumented individual has a contract for
119 (f) the name of the contact person for the person listed in Subsection (11)(e);
120 (g) the address of the person listed in Subsection (11)(e);
121 (h) the telephone number for the person listed in Subsection (11)(e);
122 (i) the names of the undocumented individual's immediate family members;
123 (j) the names of the family members who reside with the undocumented individual;
125 (k) any other information required by the department by rule made in accordance with
126 Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
127 (12) "Restricted account" means the Guest Worker Permit Restricted Account created
128 in Section 35A-8-203 .
129 (13) "Serious felony" means a felony under:
130 (a) Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;
131 (b) Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children;
132 (c) Title 76, Chapter 6, Offenses Against Property;
133 (d) Title 76, Chapter 7, Offenses Against the Family;
134 (e) Title 76, Chapter 8, Offenses Against the Administration of Government;
135 (f) Title 76, Chapter 9, Offenses Against Public Order and Decency; and
136 (g) Title 76, Chapter 10, Offenses Against Public Health, Safety, Welfare, and Morals.
137 (14) "Undocumented individual" means an individual who:
138 (a) lives or works in the state; and
139 (b) is not lawfully present in the United States.
140 Section 3. Section 35A-8-201 is enacted to read:
142 35A-8-201. Department to create program.
143 (1) The department shall administer a program known as the "Guest Worker Program"
144 created by this chapter. Under this program, the department shall:
145 (a) seek one or more waivers, exemptions, or authorizations to implement the program
146 as provided in Section 35A-8-202 ;
147 (b) issue a permit as provided in Section 35A-8-304 ;
148 (c) establish fees in accordance with Section 63J-1-504 for a filing or service required
149 by this chapter;
150 (d) take action under Part 4, Enforcement; and
151 (e) report annually to the governor and the Legislature.
152 (2) The department may make rules in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
153 Administrative Rulemaking Act, to the extent expressly provided for in this chapter.
154 (3) In implementing this chapter, the department shall cooperate with other state
155 agencies to minimize any duplication in databases or services required under this chapter.
156 Section 4. Section 35A-8-202 is enacted to read:
157 35A-8-202. Federal waivers, exemptions, or authorizations -- Implementation
158 without waiver, exemption, or authorization.
159 (1) The department, under the direction of the governor, shall seek one or more federal
160 waivers, exemptions, or authorizations to implement the program.
161 (2) The governor shall actively participate in the effort to obtain one or more federal
162 waivers, exemptions, or authorizations under this section.
163 (3) The department shall implement the program the sooner of:
164 (a) 120 days after the day on which the governor finds that the state has the one or
165 more federal waivers, exemptions, or authorizations needed to implement the program; or
166 (b) July 1, 2013.
167 Section 5. Section 35A-8-203 is enacted to read:
168 35A-8-203. Guest Worker Permit Restricted Account.
169 (1) There is created a restricted account within the General Fund known as the "Guest
170 Worker Permit Restricted Account."
171 (2) (a) The restricted account shall consist of:
172 (i) a fee collected under this chapter;
173 (ii) a fine collected under Section 35A-8-304 ;
174 (iii) civil penalties imposed under Part 4, Enforcement;
175 (iv) money appropriated to the restricted account by the Legislature; and
176 (v) interest earned on the restricted account.
177 (b) The restricted account shall earn interest.
178 (3) The Legislature may appropriate money from the restricted account to:
179 (a) the department and the Office of the Governor to pay the costs associated with the
180 implementation of Section 35A-8-202 ;
181 (b) the department to administer the program;
182 (c) the State Tax Commission for costs associated with implementing Section
183 35A-8-204 ;
184 (d) the attorney general for costs associated with:
185 (i) litigation related to this chapter;
186 (ii) a multi-agency strike force created under Section 67-5-22.7 ; or
187 (iii) a memorandum of understanding executed under Section 67-5-28 ; or
188 (e) fund the costs associated with Title 76, Chapter 8, Part 15, Identification
189 Enforcement Act.
190 Section 6. Section 35A-8-204 is enacted to read:
191 35A-8-204. Coordination with other federal or state laws or programs.
192 (1) To the extent feasible, the department shall coordinate the implementation of the
193 program with other existing state and federal laws that relate to immigration and labor,
194 including laws pertaining to obtaining the privilege to drive and to report citizenship status.
195 (2) (a) If a permit holder is not issued a Social Security number, the State Tax
196 Commission shall, by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
197 Rulemaking Act, provide a means for a person who receives services from a permit holder to
198 withhold from compensation paid to the permit holder an amount to be determined by State
199 Tax Commission rule that, as closely as possible, equals the income and employment taxes that
200 would be imposed by state and federal law if the permit holder were an employee with a Social
201 Security number.
202 (b) If a waiver, exemption, or authorization described in Section 35A-8-202 provides
203 for the issuance of a Social Security number to a permit holder, a person who receives services
204 from a permit holder is required to withhold from compensation as provided in Title 59,
205 Chapter 10, Part 4, Withholding of Tax.
206 (c) The rules described in Subsection (2)(a) shall be substantially similar to Title 59,
207 Chapter 10, Part 4, Withholding of Tax.
208 (d) (i) The State Commission by rules described in Subsection (2)(a) shall provide a
209 method by which the state remits to the federal government the money collected under
210 Subsection (1)(a) that would be owed the federal government if the permit holder were an
211 employee with a Social Security number.
212 (ii) If a waiver, exemption, or authority is entered into under Section 35A-8-202 , the
213 method by which the state remits to the federal government the money collected under (2)(a)
214 shall be consistent with the waiver, exemption, or authority.
215 (3) The department shall facilitate the use in this state of other employer based work
216 programs that meet the needs of Utah employers by using workers who are not working in Utah
217 and who are not United States citizens. Nothing in this chapter prevents a person from using
218 an employer based work program described in this Subsection (3) that exists under the auspices
219 of a foreign government in cooperation with the United States government.
220 (4) A permit holder is not eligible for unemployment compensation.
221 Section 7. Section 35A-8-301 is enacted to read:
223 35A-8-301. Requirement to have permit -- Purpose of permit.
224 (1) (a) An undocumented individual who is eligible to obtain a permit under this
225 chapter may obtain a permit in accordance with this chapter.
226 (b) An undocumented individual shall obtain permit:
227 (i) before providing services to a person in this state under a contract for hire; or
228 (ii) in accordance with Subsection 35A-8-307 (2), by no later than 30 days from the day
229 on which the undocumented individual enters into a contract for hire.
230 (2) Subject to Subsection (3), a permit is considered an identification document for
231 purposes of Title 63G, Chapter 11, Identity Documents and Verification, and may be used as
232 identification or proof of the permit holder's age for any state or local government required
234 (3) An individual may not use a permit:
235 (a) to establish entitlement to a federal, state, or local benefit as described in Section
236 63G-11-104 ; or
237 (b) to obtain work or provide services in a state other than Utah.
238 (4) A permit holder is not considered an employee for purposes of:
239 (a) Title 13, Chapter 47, Private Employer Verification Act; and
240 (b) Title 63G, Chapter 11, Identity Documents and Verification.
241 Section 8. Section 35A-8-302 is enacted to read:
242 35A-8-302. Eligibility criteria to obtain and maintain a guest worker permit.
243 (1) To be eligible to obtain or maintain a guest worker permit, an undocumented
244 individual shall:
245 (a) (i) be 18 years of age or older; or
246 (ii) if younger than 18 years of age, have the permission of a parent or guardian;
247 (b) live in Utah, but not be lawfully present in the United States;
248 (c) have worked or lived in the United States before May 10, 2011;
249 (d) provide relevant contact information and regularly update the relevant contact
250 information in a manner required by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
251 Administrative Rulemaking Act;
252 (e) provide documentation of a contract for hire under which the undocumented
253 individual begins to provide services within at least 30 days of the day on which the
254 undocumented individual obtains the permit;
255 (f) (i) provide a criminal background check conducted by the Utah Bureau of Criminal
256 Identification; and
257 (ii) not have been convicted of, pled guilty to, pled no contest to, pled guilty in a
258 similar manner to, or resolved by diversion or its equivalent to a serious felony;
259 (g) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the person would not be
260 inadmissible for public health grounds under 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1182;
261 (h) (i) be covered by a basic health insurance plan; or
262 (ii) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the individual has no medical
263 debt that is past due and agrees to have no medical debt that is past due during the term of the
264 permit; and
265 (i) (i) hold a driving privilege card issued in accordance with Section 53-3-207 ; or
266 (ii) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the undocumented individual
267 will not drive a motor vehicle in the state.
268 (2) The department may by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
269 Administrative Rulemaking Act, provide for the documentation required to establish eligibility
270 under Subsection (1). When making a rule under this section, the department shall use federal
271 standards as a guideline to avoid unnecessary duplication and additional costs.
272 Section 9. Section 35A-8-303 is enacted to read:
273 35A-8-303. Eligibility to obtain and maintain an immediate family permit.
274 To be eligible to obtain or maintain an immediate family permit, an undocumented
275 individual shall:
276 (1) live in Utah, but not be lawfully present in the United States;
277 (2) be a member of a guest worker's immediate family; and
278 (3) provide relevant contact information and regularly update the relevant contact
279 information in a manner required by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
280 Administrative Rulemaking Act.
281 Section 10. Section 35A-8-304 is enacted to read:
282 35A-8-304. Application and renewal process.
283 (1) The department may not issue a permit under this chapter until the program is
284 implemented under Section 35A-8-202 .
285 (2) The department shall:
286 (a) create a permit that:
287 (i) is of impervious material that is resistant to wear or damage; and
288 (ii) minimizes the risk that the permit may be forged, falsified, or counterfeited; and
289 (b) ensure that a permit:
290 (i) includes a photograph of the individual to whom the permit is issued;
291 (ii) prominently states the day on which the permit expires; and
292 (iii) prominently states the type of permit.
293 (3) A permit expires two years from the day on which the department issues the permit.
294 (4) To apply for or renew a permit, an undocumented individual shall submit to the
295 department, in a form acceptable under this chapter:
296 (a) an application;
297 (b) documentation of meeting the criteria in Section 35A-8-302 or 35A-8-303 ;
298 (c) for a renewal, documentation of efforts to comply with Section 35A-8-306 ;
299 (d) a signed statement verifying the information in the application and documentation;
300 (e) a fee established by the department in accordance with Section 63J-1-504 ; and
301 (f) for an initial guest worker permit, a fine of $750 unless the undocumented
302 individual provides evidence satisfactory to the department that the undocumented individual is
303 covered by a basic health insurance plan.
303a H. (g) priority is given to anyone who has filed a federal application for legal citizenship. .H
304 (5) If an undocumented individual submits a complete application and the department
305 determines that the undocumented individual meets the criteria of Section 35A-8-302 or
306 35A-8-303 , the department shall issue or renew:
307 (a) a guest worker permit if the undocumented individual qualifies under Section
308 35A-8-302 ; and
309 (b) an immediate family permit if the undocumented individual qualifies under Section
310 35A-8-303 .
311 (6) An undocumented individual may appeal a denial of a permit under this section in
312 accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
313 Section 11. Section 35A-8-305 is enacted to read:
314 35A-8-305. Conditions during permit term.
315 (1) A permit holder shall continue to meet the eligibility criteria under Section
316 35A-8-302 or 35A-8-303 for the type of permit held by the permit holder.
317 (2) A permit is automatically revoked if after issuance of the permit:
318 (a) the permit holder to whom it is issued is convicted of, pleads guilty to, pleads no
319 contest to, pleads guilty in a similar manner to, or resolved by diversion or its equivalent a
320 serious felony;
321 (b) for a guest worker permit, the permit holder to whom it is issued does not provide
322 services under a contract for hire for more than one year; or
323 (c) for an immediate family permit, the guest worker permit under which the
324 immediate family member's permit is issued is revoked or expires under this chapter.
325 Section 12. Section 35A-8-306 is enacted to read:
326 35A-8-306. Proficiency standards for English.
327 (1) A permit holder shall in good faith use best efforts to become proficient in the
328 English language at or above the equivalent to an intermediate level on a language proficiency
329 assessment test used by the State Office of Education for purposes of secondary school
331 (2) An individual shall pay the costs of complying with this section.
332 Section 13. Section 35A-8-307 is enacted to read:
333 35A-8-307. Verification of valid permit -- Protected status of information.
334 (1) (a) A person who hires a permit holder shall verify with the department that the
335 permit is valid in accordance with a procedure established by the department by rule made in
336 accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
337 (b) The verification procedure adopted under this Subsection (1) shall be substantially
338 similar to the employer requirements to verify federal employment status under:
339 (i) Title 13, Chapter 47, Private Employer Verification Act; and
340 (ii) Title 63G, Chapter 11, Identity Documents and Verification.
341 (c) Subject to Subsection (2), a person shall terminate an undocumented individual if
342 the undocumented individual is determined by the department to not hold a valid permit.
343 (2) (a) By rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
344 Rulemaking Act, the department shall provide a procedure under which a person may hire an
345 undocumented individual who does not hold a permit pending the undocumented individual
346 obtaining a permit within 30 days of the day on which the undocumented individual is hired to
347 provide services.
348 (b) An undocumented individual may not provide services under a contract for hire to a
349 person for more than 30 days during a two-year calendar period without obtaining a permit as
350 provided under this chapter.
351 (3) An undocumented individual may appeal a determination that a permit is invalid in
352 accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
353 (4) Subject to Section 35A-8-404 , a record under this chapter is a protected record
354 under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act, except that a
355 record may not be shared under Section 63G-2-206 , unless:
356 (a) requested by the Office of Legislative Auditor General in accordance with Section
357 36-12-15 ; or
358 (b) disclosed to a federal government entity in accordance with this chapter or a
359 waiver, exemption, or authorization described in Section 35A-8-202 .
360 (5) The state is not liable to any person for:
361 (a) the design, implementation, or operation of a verification procedure under this
363 (b) the collection and disclosure of information as part of a verification procedure
364 under this chapter; or
365 (c) the determination that a permit is invalid.
366 Section 14. Section 35A-8-401 is enacted to read:
368 35A-8-401. Prohibited conduct.
369 (1) A permit holder may not file for or receive unemployment benefits.
370 (2) A person may not:
371 (a) furnish false or forged information or documentation in support of an application;
372 (b) alter the information on a permit;
373 (c) if the person is a guest worker, be reported absent from work for 10 consecutive
374 days without the approval of the person who hires the guest worker;
375 (d) allow an individual to use a permit if the individual is not entitled to use the permit;
376 (e) display or represent that a permit is issued to an individual, if the permit is not
377 issued to the individual;
378 (f) display a revoked permit as a valid permit;
379 (g) knowingly or with reckless disregard acquire, use, display, or transfer an item that
380 purports to be a valid permit, but that is not a valid permit; or
381 (h) otherwise violate this chapter.
382 Section 15. Section 35A-8-402 is enacted to read:
383 35A-8-402. Administrative penalties.
384 For a violation described in Section 35A-8-401 , the department may:
385 (1) suspend, limit, or revoke and repossess a permit;
386 (2) impose a civil penalty not to exceed $750 for each violation; or
387 (3) take a combination of actions under this section.
388 Section 16. Section 35A-8-403 is enacted to read:
389 35A-8-403. Criminal penalties.
390 A person is guilty of a class C misdemeanor if the person:
391 (1) furnishes false or forged information or documentation in support of an application;
393 (2) alters the information on a permit.
394 Section 17. Section 35A-8-404 is enacted to read:
395 35A-8-404. Sharing of information related to enforcement.
396 (1) The department shall provide the notice described in Subsection (2), if the
397 department determines that an undocumented individual who is not lawfully present in the
398 United States:
399 (a) has the undocumented individual's permit revoked; or
400 (b) permits the undocumented individual's permit to expire.
401 (2) (a) The department shall provide the notice required by Subsection (1) to:
402 (i) Utah's attorney general;
403 (ii) the Department of Public Safety; and
404 (iii) United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
405 (b) The notice described in Subsection (2)(a) shall:
406 (i) include:
407 (A) the last known address of the undocumented individual; and
408 (B) the basis of the notice described in Subsection (1); and
409 (ii) be sent promptly after the day on which the time to appeal, if any, the action that is
410 the basis for the notification under Subsection (1) ends.
411 Section 18. Section 63G-2-206 is amended to read:
412 63G-2-206. Sharing records.
413 (1) A governmental entity may provide a record that is private, controlled, or protected
414 to another governmental entity, a government-managed corporation, a political subdivision, the
415 federal government, or another state if the requesting entity:
416 (a) serves as a repository or archives for purposes of historical preservation,
417 administrative maintenance, or destruction;
418 (b) enforces, litigates, or investigates civil, criminal, or administrative law, and the
419 record is necessary to a proceeding or investigation;
420 (c) is authorized by state statute to conduct an audit and the record is needed for that
422 (d) is one that collects information for presentence, probationary, or parole purposes; or
423 (e) (i) is:
424 (A) the Legislature;
425 (B) a legislative committee;
426 (C) a member of the Legislature; or
427 (D) a legislative staff member acting at the request of the Legislature, a legislative
428 committee, or a member of the Legislature; and
429 (ii) requests the record in relation to the Legislature's duties including:
430 (A) the preparation or review of a legislative proposal or legislation;
431 (B) appropriations; or
432 (C) an investigation or review conducted by the Legislature or a legislative committee.
433 (2) (a) A governmental entity may provide a private, controlled, or protected record or
434 record series to another governmental entity, a political subdivision, a government-managed
435 corporation, the federal government, or another state if the requesting entity provides written
437 (i) that the record or record series is necessary to the performance of the governmental
438 entity's duties and functions;
439 (ii) that the record or record series will be used for a purpose similar to the purpose for
440 which the information in the record or record series was collected or obtained; and
441 (iii) that the use of the record or record series produces a public benefit that outweighs
442 the individual privacy right that protects the record or record series.
443 (b) A governmental entity may provide a private, controlled, or protected record or
444 record series to a contractor or a private provider according to the requirements of Subsection
446 (3) (a) A governmental entity shall provide a private, controlled, or protected record to
447 another governmental entity, a political subdivision, a government-managed corporation, the
448 federal government, or another state if the requesting entity:
449 (i) is entitled by law to inspect the record;
450 (ii) is required to inspect the record as a condition of participating in a state or federal
451 program or for receiving state or federal funds; or
452 (iii) is an entity described in Subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), or (e).
453 (b) Subsection (3)(a)(iii) applies only if the record is a record described in Subsection
454 63G-2-305 (4).
455 (4) Before disclosing a record or record series under this section to another
456 governmental entity, another state, the United States, a foreign government, or to a contractor
457 or private provider, the originating governmental entity shall:
458 (a) inform the recipient of the record's classification and the accompanying restrictions
459 on access; and
460 (b) if the recipient is not a governmental entity to which this chapter applies, obtain the
461 recipient's written agreement which may be by mechanical or electronic transmission that it
462 will abide by those restrictions on access unless a statute, federal regulation, or interstate
463 agreement otherwise governs the sharing of the record or record series.
464 (5) A governmental entity may disclose a record to another state, the United States, or a
465 foreign government for the reasons listed in Subsections (1) and (2) without complying with
466 the procedures of Subsection (2) or (4) if disclosure is authorized by executive agreement,
467 treaty, federal statute, compact, federal regulation, or state statute.
468 (6) (a) Subject to Subsections (6)(b) and (c), an entity receiving a record under this
469 section is subject to the same restrictions on disclosure of the record as the originating entity.
470 (b) A contractor or a private provider may receive information under this section only
472 (i) the contractor or private provider's use of the record or record series produces a
473 public benefit that outweighs the individual privacy right that protects the record or record
475 (ii) the record or record series it requests:
476 (A) is necessary for the performance of a contract with a governmental entity;
477 (B) will only be used for the performance of the contract with the governmental entity;
478 (C) will not be disclosed to any other person; and
479 (D) will not be used for advertising or solicitation purposes; and
480 (iii) the contractor or private provider gives written assurance to the governmental
481 entity that is providing the record or record series that it will adhere to the restrictions of this
482 Subsection (6)(b).
483 (c) The classification of a record already held by a governmental entity and the
484 applicable restrictions on disclosure of that record are not affected by the governmental entity's
485 receipt under this section of a record with a different classification that contains information
486 that is also included in the previously held record.
487 (7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if a more specific court rule or
488 order, state statute, federal statute, or federal regulation prohibits or requires sharing
489 information, that rule, order, statute, or federal regulation controls.
490 (8) The following records may not be shared under this section:
491 (a) records held by the Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining that pertain to any person and
492 that are gathered under authority of Title 40, Chapter 6, Board and Division of Oil, Gas, and
493 Mining; [
494 (b) records of publicly funded libraries as described in Subsection 63G-2-302 (1)(c)[
496 (c) subject to Section 35A-8-307 , a record under Title 35A, Chapter 8, Guest Worker
497 Program Act.
498 (9) Records that may evidence or relate to a violation of law may be disclosed to a
499 government prosecutor, peace officer, or auditor.
500 Section 19. Section 63G-2-305 is amended to read:
501 63G-2-305. Protected records.
502 The following records are protected if properly classified by a governmental entity:
503 (1) trade secrets as defined in Section 13-24-2 if the person submitting the trade secret
504 has provided the governmental entity with the information specified in Section 63G-2-309 ;
505 (2) commercial information or nonindividual financial information obtained from a
506 person if:
507 (a) disclosure of the information could reasonably be expected to result in unfair
508 competitive injury to the person submitting the information or would impair the ability of the
509 governmental entity to obtain necessary information in the future;
510 (b) the person submitting the information has a greater interest in prohibiting access
511 than the public in obtaining access; and
512 (c) the person submitting the information has provided the governmental entity with
513 the information specified in Section 63G-2-309 ;
514 (3) commercial or financial information acquired or prepared by a governmental entity
515 to the extent that disclosure would lead to financial speculations in currencies, securities, or
516 commodities that will interfere with a planned transaction by the governmental entity or cause
517 substantial financial injury to the governmental entity or state economy;
518 (4) records the disclosure of which could cause commercial injury to, or confer a
519 competitive advantage upon a potential or actual competitor of, a commercial project entity as
520 defined in Subsection 11-13-103 (4);
521 (5) test questions and answers to be used in future license, certification, registration,
522 employment, or academic examinations;
523 (6) records the disclosure of which would impair governmental procurement
524 proceedings or give an unfair advantage to any person proposing to enter into a contract or
525 agreement with a governmental entity, except, subject to Subsections (1) and (2), that this
526 Subsection (6) does not restrict the right of a person to have access to, once the contract or
527 grant has been awarded, a bid, proposal, or application submitted to or by a governmental
528 entity in response to:
529 (a) a request for bids;
530 (b) a request for proposals;
531 (c) a grant; or
532 (d) other similar document;
533 (7) records that would identify real property or the appraisal or estimated value of real
534 or personal property, including intellectual property, under consideration for public acquisition
535 before any rights to the property are acquired unless:
536 (a) public interest in obtaining access to the information outweighs the governmental
537 entity's need to acquire the property on the best terms possible;
538 (b) the information has already been disclosed to persons not employed by or under a
539 duty of confidentiality to the entity;
540 (c) in the case of records that would identify property, potential sellers of the described
541 property have already learned of the governmental entity's plans to acquire the property;
542 (d) in the case of records that would identify the appraisal or estimated value of
543 property, the potential sellers have already learned of the governmental entity's estimated value
544 of the property; or
545 (e) the property under consideration for public acquisition is a single family residence
546 and the governmental entity seeking to acquire the property has initiated negotiations to acquire
547 the property as required under Section 78B-6-505 ;
548 (8) records prepared in contemplation of sale, exchange, lease, rental, or other
549 compensated transaction of real or personal property including intellectual property, which, if
550 disclosed prior to completion of the transaction, would reveal the appraisal or estimated value
551 of the subject property, unless:
552 (a) the public interest in access outweighs the interests in restricting access, including
553 the governmental entity's interest in maximizing the financial benefit of the transaction; or
554 (b) when prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity, appraisals or estimates of
555 the value of the subject property have already been disclosed to persons not employed by or
556 under a duty of confidentiality to the entity;
557 (9) records created or maintained for civil, criminal, or administrative enforcement
558 purposes or audit purposes, or for discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes, if
559 release of the records:
560 (a) reasonably could be expected to interfere with investigations undertaken for
561 enforcement, discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes;
562 (b) reasonably could be expected to interfere with audits, disciplinary, or enforcement
564 (c) would create a danger of depriving a person of a right to a fair trial or impartial
566 (d) reasonably could be expected to disclose the identity of a source who is not
567 generally known outside of government and, in the case of a record compiled in the course of
568 an investigation, disclose information furnished by a source not generally known outside of
569 government if disclosure would compromise the source; or
570 (e) reasonably could be expected to disclose investigative or audit techniques,
571 procedures, policies, or orders not generally known outside of government if disclosure would
572 interfere with enforcement or audit efforts;
573 (10) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the life or safety of an
575 (11) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the security of governmental
576 property, governmental programs, or governmental recordkeeping systems from damage, theft,
577 or other appropriation or use contrary to law or public policy;
578 (12) records that, if disclosed, would jeopardize the security or safety of a correctional
579 facility, or records relating to incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole, that would interfere
580 with the control and supervision of an offender's incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole;
581 (13) records that, if disclosed, would reveal recommendations made to the Board of
582 Pardons and Parole by an employee of or contractor for the Department of Corrections, the
583 Board of Pardons and Parole, or the Department of Human Services that are based on the
584 employee's or contractor's supervision, diagnosis, or treatment of any person within the board's
586 (14) records and audit workpapers that identify audit, collection, and operational
587 procedures and methods used by the State Tax Commission, if disclosure would interfere with
588 audits or collections;
589 (15) records of a governmental audit agency relating to an ongoing or planned audit
590 until the final audit is released;
591 (16) records prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity solely in anticipation of
592 litigation that are not available under the rules of discovery;
593 (17) records disclosing an attorney's work product, including the mental impressions or
594 legal theories of an attorney or other representative of a governmental entity concerning
596 (18) records of communications between a governmental entity and an attorney
597 representing, retained, or employed by the governmental entity if the communications would be
598 privileged as provided in Section 78B-1-137 ;
599 (19) (a) (i) personal files of a state legislator, including personal correspondence to or
600 from a member of the Legislature; and
601 (ii) notwithstanding Subsection (19)(a)(i), correspondence that gives notice of
602 legislative action or policy may not be classified as protected under this section; and
603 (b) (i) an internal communication that is part of the deliberative process in connection
604 with the preparation of legislation between:
605 (A) members of a legislative body;
606 (B) a member of a legislative body and a member of the legislative body's staff; or
607 (C) members of a legislative body's staff; and
608 (ii) notwithstanding Subsection (19)(b)(i), a communication that gives notice of
609 legislative action or policy may not be classified as protected under this section;
610 (20) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Research and
611 General Counsel, that, if disclosed, would reveal a particular legislator's contemplated
612 legislation or contemplated course of action before the legislator has elected to support the
613 legislation or course of action, or made the legislation or course of action public; and
614 (b) notwithstanding Subsection (20)(a), the form to request legislation submitted to the
615 Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel is a public document unless a legislator
616 asks that the records requesting the legislation be maintained as protected records until such
617 time as the legislator elects to make the legislation or course of action public;
618 (21) research requests from legislators to the Office of Legislative Research and
619 General Counsel or the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst and research findings prepared
620 in response to these requests;
621 (22) drafts, unless otherwise classified as public;
622 (23) records concerning a governmental entity's strategy about collective bargaining or
623 pending litigation;
624 (24) records of investigations of loss occurrences and analyses of loss occurrences that
625 may be covered by the Risk Management Fund, the Employers' Reinsurance Fund, the
626 Uninsured Employers' Fund, or similar divisions in other governmental entities;
627 (25) records, other than personnel evaluations, that contain a personal recommendation
628 concerning an individual if disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of
629 personal privacy, or disclosure is not in the public interest;
630 (26) records that reveal the location of historic, prehistoric, paleontological, or
631 biological resources that if known would jeopardize the security of those resources or of
632 valuable historic, scientific, educational, or cultural information;
633 (27) records of independent state agencies if the disclosure of the records would
634 conflict with the fiduciary obligations of the agency;
635 (28) records of an institution within the state system of higher education defined in
636 Section 53B-1-102 regarding tenure evaluations, appointments, applications for admissions,
637 retention decisions, and promotions, which could be properly discussed in a meeting closed in
638 accordance with Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act, provided that records of
639 the final decisions about tenure, appointments, retention, promotions, or those students
640 admitted, may not be classified as protected under this section;
641 (29) records of the governor's office, including budget recommendations, legislative
642 proposals, and policy statements, that if disclosed would reveal the governor's contemplated
643 policies or contemplated courses of action before the governor has implemented or rejected
644 those policies or courses of action or made them public;
645 (30) records of the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst relating to budget analysis,
646 revenue estimates, and fiscal notes of proposed legislation before issuance of the final
647 recommendations in these areas;
648 (31) records provided by the United States or by a government entity outside the state
649 that are given to the governmental entity with a requirement that they be managed as protected
650 records if the providing entity certifies that the record would not be subject to public disclosure
651 if retained by it;
652 (32) transcripts, minutes, or reports of the closed portion of a meeting of a public body
653 except as provided in Section 52-4-206 ;
654 (33) records that would reveal the contents of settlement negotiations but not including
655 final settlements or empirical data to the extent that they are not otherwise exempt from
657 (34) memoranda prepared by staff and used in the decision-making process by an
658 administrative law judge, a member of the Board of Pardons and Parole, or a member of any
659 other body charged by law with performing a quasi-judicial function;
660 (35) records that would reveal negotiations regarding assistance or incentives offered
661 by or requested from a governmental entity for the purpose of encouraging a person to expand
662 or locate a business in Utah, but only if disclosure would result in actual economic harm to the
663 person or place the governmental entity at a competitive disadvantage, but this section may not
664 be used to restrict access to a record evidencing a final contract;
665 (36) materials to which access must be limited for purposes of securing or maintaining
666 the governmental entity's proprietary protection of intellectual property rights including patents,
667 copyrights, and trade secrets;
668 (37) the name of a donor or a prospective donor to a governmental entity, including an
669 institution within the state system of higher education defined in Section 53B-1-102 , and other
670 information concerning the donation that could reasonably be expected to reveal the identity of
671 the donor, provided that:
672 (a) the donor requests anonymity in writing;
673 (b) any terms, conditions, restrictions, or privileges relating to the donation may not be
674 classified protected by the governmental entity under this Subsection (37); and
675 (c) except for an institution within the state system of higher education defined in
676 Section 53B-1-102 , the governmental unit to which the donation is made is primarily engaged
677 in educational, charitable, or artistic endeavors, and has no regulatory or legislative authority
678 over the donor, a member of the donor's immediate family, or any entity owned or controlled
679 by the donor or the donor's immediate family;
680 (38) accident reports, except as provided in Sections 41-6a-404 , 41-12a-202 , and
681 73-18-13 ;
682 (39) a notification of workers' compensation insurance coverage described in Section
683 34A-2-205 ;
684 (40) (a) the following records of an institution within the state system of higher
685 education defined in Section 53B-1-102 , which have been developed, discovered, disclosed to,
686 or received by or on behalf of faculty, staff, employees, or students of the institution:
687 (i) unpublished lecture notes;
688 (ii) unpublished notes, data, and information:
689 (A) relating to research; and
690 (B) of:
691 (I) the institution within the state system of higher education defined in Section
692 53B-1-102 ; or
693 (II) a sponsor of sponsored research;
694 (iii) unpublished manuscripts;
695 (iv) creative works in process;
696 (v) scholarly correspondence; and
697 (vi) confidential information contained in research proposals;
698 (b) Subsection (40)(a) may not be construed to prohibit disclosure of public
699 information required pursuant to Subsection 53B-16-302 (2)(a) or (b); and
700 (c) Subsection (40)(a) may not be construed to affect the ownership of a record;
701 (41) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General
702 that would reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit prior to the
703 date that audit is completed and made public; and
704 (b) notwithstanding Subsection (41)(a), a request for a legislative audit submitted to the
705 Office of the Legislative Auditor General is a public document unless the legislator asks that
706 the records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General that would
707 reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit be maintained as
708 protected records until the audit is completed and made public;
709 (42) records that provide detail as to the location of an explosive, including a map or
710 other document that indicates the location of:
711 (a) a production facility; or
712 (b) a magazine;
713 (43) information:
714 (a) contained in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult Services
715 created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ; or
716 (b) received or maintained in relation to the Identity Theft Reporting Information
717 System (IRIS) established under Section 67-5-22 ;
718 (44) information contained in the Management Information System and Licensing
719 Information System described in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child and Family Services;
720 (45) information regarding National Guard operations or activities in support of the
721 National Guard's federal mission;
722 (46) records provided by any pawn or secondhand business to a law enforcement
723 agency or to the central database in compliance with Title 13, Chapter 32a, Pawnshop and
724 Secondhand Merchandise Transaction Information Act;
725 (47) information regarding food security, risk, and vulnerability assessments performed
726 by the Department of Agriculture and Food;
727 (48) except to the extent that the record is exempt from this chapter pursuant to Section
728 63G-2-106 , records related to an emergency plan or program prepared or maintained by the
729 Division of Homeland Security the disclosure of which would jeopardize:
730 (a) the safety of the general public; or
731 (b) the security of:
732 (i) governmental property;
733 (ii) governmental programs; or
734 (iii) the property of a private person who provides the Division of Homeland Security
736 (49) records of the Department of Agriculture and Food relating to the National
737 Animal Identification System or any other program that provides for the identification, tracing,
738 or control of livestock diseases, including any program established under Title 4, Chapter 24,
739 Utah Livestock Brand and Anti-theft Act or Title 4, Chapter 31, Livestock Inspection and
741 (50) as provided in Section 26-39-501 :
742 (a) information or records held by the Department of Health related to a complaint
743 regarding a child care program or residential child care which the department is unable to
744 substantiate; and
745 (b) information or records related to a complaint received by the Department of Health
746 from an anonymous complainant regarding a child care program or residential child care;
747 (51) unless otherwise classified as public under Section 63G-2-301 and except as
748 provided under Section 41-1a-116 , an individual's home address, home telephone number, or
749 personal mobile phone number, if:
750 (a) the individual is required to provide the information in order to comply with a law,
751 ordinance, rule, or order of a government entity; and
752 (b) the subject of the record has a reasonable expectation that this information will be
753 kept confidential due to:
754 (i) the nature of the law, ordinance, rule, or order; and
755 (ii) the individual complying with the law, ordinance, rule, or order;
756 (52) the name, home address, work addresses, and telephone numbers of an individual
757 that is engaged in, or that provides goods or services for, medical or scientific research that is:
758 (a) conducted within the state system of higher education, as defined in Section
759 53B-1-102 ; and
760 (b) conducted using animals;
761 (53) an initial proposal under Title 63M, Chapter 1, Part 26, Government Procurement
762 Private Proposal Program, to the extent not made public by rules made under that chapter;
763 (54) information collected and a report prepared by the Judicial Performance
764 Evaluation Commission concerning a judge, unless Section 20A-7-702 or Title 78A, Chapter
765 12, Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission Act, requires disclosure of, or makes public,
766 the information or report;
767 (55) (a) records of the Utah Educational Savings Plan created under Section
768 53B-8a-103 if the disclosure of the records would conflict with its fiduciary obligations;
769 (b) proposals submitted to the Utah Educational Savings Plan; and
770 (c) contracts entered into by the Utah Educational Savings Plan and the related
772 (56) records contained in the Management Information System created in Section
773 62A-4a-1003 ;
774 (57) records provided or received by the Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office in
775 furtherance of any contract or other agreement made in accordance with Section 63J-4-603 ;
776 (58) information requested by and provided to the Utah State 911 Committee under
777 Section 53-10-602 ;
778 (59) recorded Children's Justice Center investigative interviews, both video and audio,
779 the release of which are governed by Section 77-37-4 ; [
780 (60) in accordance with Section 73-10-33 :
781 (a) a management plan for a water conveyance facility in the possession of the Division
782 of Water Resources or the Board of Water Resources; or
783 (b) an outline of an emergency response plan in possession of the state or a county or
785 (61) subject to Section 35A-8-307 , a record under Title 35A, Chapter 8, Guest Worker
786 Program Act; and
787 (62) subject to Section 76-8-1505 , the database created in Section 76-8-1504 .
788 Section 20. Section 63G-11-102 is amended to read:
789 63G-11-102. Creation of identity documents -- Issuance to citizens, nationals, and
790 legal permanent resident aliens -- Exceptions.
791 (1) The following entities may create, publish, or otherwise manufacture an
792 identification document, identification card, or identification certificate and possess an
793 engraved plate or other device for the printing of an identification document:
794 (a) a federal, state, or local government agency for employee identification, which is
795 designed to identify the bearer as an employee;
796 (b) a federal, state, or local government agency for purposes authorized or required by
797 law or a legitimate purpose consistent with the duties of the agency, including such documents
798 as voter identification cards, identification cards, passports, birth certificates, and Social
799 Security cards; and
800 (c) a public school or state or private educational institution to identify the bearer as an
801 administrator, faculty member, student, or employee.
802 (2) The name of the issuing entity shall be clearly printed upon the face of the
803 identification document.
804 (3) Except as otherwise provided in Subsections (4) and (5) or by federal law, an entity
805 providing an identity document, card, or certificate under Subsection (1)(b) or (c) shall issue
806 the document, card, or certificate only to:
807 (a) a United States citizen;
808 (b) a national; or
809 (c) a legal permanent resident alien.
810 (4) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an applicant for an identification document
811 who presents, in person, valid documentary evidence of the applicant's:
812 (i) unexpired immigrant or nonimmigrant visa status for admission into the United
814 (ii) pending or approved application for asylum in the United States;
815 (iii) admission into the United States as a refugee;
816 (iv) pending or approved application for temporary protected status in the United
818 (v) approved deferred action status; or
819 (vi) pending application for adjustment of status to legal permanent resident or
820 conditional resident.
821 (b) (i) An entity listed in Subsection (1)(b) or (c) may issue a Subsection (1)(b) or (c)
822 identification document to an applicant who satisfies the requirements of Subsection (4)(a).
823 (ii) Except as otherwise provided by federal law, the document is valid only:
824 (A) during the period of time of the individual's authorized stay in the United States; or
825 (B) for one year from the date of issuance if there is no definite end to the individual's
826 period of authorized stay.
827 (iii) An entity issuing an identification document under this Subsection (4) shall clearly
828 indicate on the document:
829 (A) that it is temporary; and
830 (B) its expiration date.
831 (c) An individual may renew a document issued under this Subsection (4) only upon
832 presentation of valid documentary evidence that the status by which the individual originally
833 qualified for the identification document has been extended by the United States Citizenship
834 and Immigration Services or other authorized agency of the United States Department of
835 Homeland Security.
836 (5) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an identification document issued under
837 Subsection (1)(c) that:
838 (i) is only valid for use on the educational institution's campus or facility; and
839 (ii) includes a statement of the restricted use conspicuously printed upon the face of the
840 identification document.
841 (b) Subsection (3) does not apply to a license certificate, driving privilege card, or
842 identification card issued or renewed under Title 53, Chapter 3, Uniform Driver License Act.
843 (c) Subsection (3) does not apply to a public transit pass issued by a public transit
844 district as defined in Title 17B, Chapter 2a, Part 8, Public Transit District Act, that:
845 (i) is only valid for use on the public transit system; and
846 (ii) includes a statement of the restricted use conspicuously printed on the face of the
847 public transit pass.
848 (d) Subsection (3) does not apply to a permit issued by the Department of Workforce
849 Services under Title 35A, Chapter 8, Guest Worker Program Act.
850 (6) This section shall be enforced without regard to race, religion, gender, ethnicity, or
851 national origin.
852 Section 21. Section 63J-1-602.2 is amended to read:
853 63J-1-602.2. List of nonlapsing funds and accounts -- Title 31 through Title 45.
854 (1) Appropriations from the Technology Development Restricted Account created in
855 Section 31A-3-104 .
856 (2) Appropriations from the Criminal Background Check Restricted Account created in
857 Section 31A-3-105 .
858 (3) Appropriations from the Captive Insurance Restricted Account created in Section
859 31A-3-304 , except to the extent that Section 31A-3-304 makes the money received under that
860 section free revenue.
861 (4) Appropriations from the Title Licensee Enforcement Restricted Account created in
862 Section 31A-23a-415 .
863 (5) The fund for operating the state's Federal Health Care Tax Credit Program, as
864 provided in Section 31A-38-104 .
865 (6) The Special Administrative Expense Account created in Section 35A-4-506 .
866 (7) The Guest Worker Permit Restricted Account created in Section 35A-8-205 .
868 Section 36-24-101 .
871 Section 41-22-19.5 .
872 Section 22. Section 76-8-1501 is enacted to read:
874 76-8-1501. Title.
875 This part is known as the "Identification Enforcement Act."
876 Section 23. Section 76-8-1502 is enacted to read:
877 76-8-1502. Definitions.
878 As used in this part:
879 (1) "Database" means the identification database created in Section 76-8-1504 .
880 (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety created in Section 53-1-103 .
881 (3) "Guest worker program permit" means a permit issued under Title 35A, Chapter 8,
882 Guest Worker Program Act.
883 (4) (a) "Identification" means a document that is a form of positive identification that:
884 (i) is issued by a federal, state, or tribal government entity; and
885 (ii) contains a numerical identifier and a photograph of the person identified.
886 (b) "Identification" includes:
887 (i) an identification card issued by the state;
888 (ii) an identification card issued by another state that is similar to an identification card
889 issued by this state;
890 (iii) a driver license issued by any state;
891 (iv) a United States military identification card;
892 (v) one of the following if it contains a photograph of the individual:
893 (A) a valid tribal identification card;
894 (B) a Bureau of Indian Affairs card; or
895 (C) a tribal treaty card; or
896 (vi) a guest worker program permit.
897 (5) "Law enforcement agency" means an entity of the federal government, a state, or a
898 political subdivision of a state, including a state institution of higher education, that exists
899 primarily to prevent and detect crime and enforce criminal laws, statutes, and ordinances.
900 (6) "Law enforcement officer" has the same meaning as in Section 53-13-103 .
901 Section 24. Section 76-8-1503 is enacted to read:
902 76-8-1503. Identification requirements -- Fingerprinting and photographing.
903 (1) On and after July 1, 2013, a person shall display at least one form of identification
904 to a law enforcement officer on demand of the law enforcement officer if the law enforcement
905 officer conducts a lawful stop, detention, or arrest of the individual when acting in the
906 enforcement of a state law or local ordinance.
907 (2) If an individual fails to display to a law enforcement officer identification as
908 required under Subsection (1), the law enforcement officer may:
909 (a) make a record of the time and location where the lawful stop, detention, or arrest
911 (b) fingerprint the individual; and
912 (c) take a photograph of the individual.
913 (3) It is a defense to a charge under this section that the person charged produces in
914 court identification that is issued to the person and is valid at the time of citation or arrest.
915 (4) (a) An individual is guilty of a class C misdemeanor if the individual violates
916 Subsection (1).
917 (b) An individual is guilty of a class B misdemeanor if the individual refuses to allow a
918 law enforcement officer to do the following as required by Subsection (2):
919 (i) fingerprint the individual; or
920 (ii) take a photograph of the individual.
921 (5) An arrest made under this section shall be conducted in accordance with Section
922 77-7-2 .
923 (6) A law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national origin in
924 implementing this section, except to the extent permitted by the constitutions of the United
925 States and this state.
926 Section 25. Section 76-8-1504 is enacted to read:
927 76-8-1504. Identification database.
928 (1) A law enforcement agency shall forward the information described in Subsection
929 76-8-1503 (2) to the department in an electronic format.
930 (2) The department shall maintain a database of the information provided to the
931 department under Subsection (1).
932 (3) The department shall develop and maintain the database to facilitate the disclosures
933 required by Section 76-8-1505 .
934 (4) The database created under this section is a protected record under Title 63G,
935 Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
936 (5) The department shall maintain a record created as part of the database for at least
937 three years from the day on which the record is created in the database.
938 Section 26. Section 76-8-1505 is enacted to read:
939 76-8-1505. Sharing of information with federal agencies.
940 (1) In accordance with a memorandum of understanding entered into by the state under
941 Section 67-5-28 , the department shall share one or more records in the database with the
942 United States Department of Justice or the United States Department of Homeland Security as
943 provided in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1357(g) for the enforcement of federal immigration and customs
945 (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the department may not share a record under this
946 section related to the holder of a valid guest worker program permit.
Legislative Review Note
as of 2-18-11 7:38 AM
As required by legislative rule and practice, the Office of Legislative Research and General
Counsel provides the following legislative review note to assist the Legislature in making its
own determination as to the constitutionality of the bill. The note is based on an analysis of
relevant state and federal constitutional law as applied to the bill. The note is not written for the
purpose of influencing whether the bill should become law, but is written to provide
information relevant to legislators' consideration of this bill. The note is not a substitute for the
judgment of the judiciary, which has authority to determine the constitutionality of a law in the
context of a specific case.
The Constitution of the United States grants authority to the federal government to regulate
foreign commerce and to adopt a uniform rule of naturalization. The United States Supreme
Court has also found inherent federal authority to regulate immigration on the basis of federal
sovereignty and the power to engage in foreign affairs, this is sometimes referred to as the
"plenary power," which in more recent years has been made subject to certain constitutional
limits. See, e.g., Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001); Fong Yue Ting v. United States, 149
U.S. 698 (1893); Hernandez-Carrera v. Carlson, 547 F.3d 1237 (10th Cir. 2009). Federal
immigration law generally consists of both civil and criminal laws regarding admission of
foreign nationals, including the criteria and means for selection and the basis and procedure for
removal; citizenship by birth or by naturalization; criminal actions, such as transporting or
harboring an alien; and related laws such as access to public benefits, employment of
unauthorized aliens, issuance of driver licenses, etc. The key federal statute is the Immigration
and Nationality Act (INA).
When a state regulates in the area of immigration, the issue arises of whether the state action is
preempted by federal law. To determine whether preemption exists, courts generally examine
whether the state regulation fails at least one of three tests: Is it preempted because of a
conflict with federal law? Is it preempted because federal law has so occupied the field that
states are not allowed to regulate in the area? Is there an express preemption of state action?
The bill addresses areas also addressed by federal law such as accessing and disclosing
immigration information. Significantly, this bill provides a means by which a person may
employ an unauthorized alien in this state if the unauthorized alien is issued a state permit.
Federal law, in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1324a, makes it unlawful to hire, recruit ,or refer for a fee, an
alien for employment in the United States knowing that the alien is an unauthorized alien.
The bill requires the executive branch to seek waivers that would authorize the state program,
but provides for implementation in the absence of such a waiver. Although federal law contains
measures to allow cooperation between the federal government and a state, the INA and related
regulations do not have an express process to provide a waiver that grants states authority to
related to state laws in areas that are governed by federal law. In the absence of an effective
waiver recognized as valid by the courts, under current law, there is a high probability that a
court would find that portions of this bill unconstitutional because they are preempted by
federal law as applied through the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution of the United States.