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H.B. 208 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper

Senate Sponsor: Karen Mayne

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Administrative Services Code by amending Child Welfare
             10      Defense Program provisions and creating a restricted special revenue fund.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    changes the Office of Child Welfare Parental Defense in the Department of
             15      Administrative Services to a program administered by the department;
             16          .    allows the Department of Administrative Services to contract all or part of the
             17      program to a qualified contractor;
             18          .    creates the State Archives Fund, as a restricted special revenue fund;
             19          .    specifies what is deposited into the fund and uses of the fund;
             20          .    provides that the fund shall earn interest; and
             21          .    provides that state archives shall report on the use of the fund as part of the annual
             22      budget process.
             23      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             24          None
             25      Other Special Clauses:
             26          None
             27      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             28      AMENDS:
             29          63A-1-109, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 139

             30          63A-11-101, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 356
             31          63A-11-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             32          63A-11-103, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 356
             33          63A-11-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 341
             34          63A-11-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 76
             35          63A-11-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 356
             36          63A-11-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             37          63A-11-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 32
             38          63A-11-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 76
             39          63A-11-204, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             40          63A-12-100.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 258
             41          78A-6-1111, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 368
             42      ENACTS:
             43          63A-12-109, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             45      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             46          Section 1. Section 63A-1-109 is amended to read:
             47           63A-1-109. Divisions of department -- Administration.
             48          (1) The department shall be composed of the following divisions:
             49          (a) administrative rules;
             50          (b) archives and records;
             51          (c) facilities construction and management;
             52          (d) finance;
             53          (e) fleet operations;
             54          (f) office of state debt collection;
             55          (g) state purchasing and general services; and
             56          (h) risk management[; and].
             57          [(i) office of child welfare parental defense.]

             58          (2) Each division shall be administered and managed by a division director.
             59          Section 2. Section 63A-11-101 is amended to read:

Part 1. General Provisions

             62           63A-11-101. Title.
             63          This chapter is known as the ["Office of] "Child Welfare Parental Defense Program."
             64          Section 3. Section 63A-11-102 is amended to read:
             65           63A-11-102. Definitions.
             66          For purposes of this chapter:
             67          (1) "Child welfare case" means a proceeding under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Part 3,
             68      Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings or Part 5, Termination of Parental Rights Act.
             69          (2) "Contracted parental defense attorney" means a parental defense attorney who is
             70      under contract with the [office] department to provide parental defense in child welfare cases.
             71          [(3) "Director" means the director of the office.]
             72          [(4)] (3) "Fund" means the Child Welfare Parental Defense Fund established in Section
             73      63A-11-203 .
             74          [(5) "Office" means the Office of Child Welfare Parental Defense created in Section
             75      63A-11-103 .]
             76          [(6)] (4) "Parental defense attorney" means an attorney, law firm, or group of attorneys
             77      who:
             78          (a) are authorized to practice law in Utah; and
             79          (b) provide legal representation under contract with the [office] department, or a county
             80      in the state, to a parent who is a party in a child welfare case.
             81          (5) "Program" means the Child Welfare Parental Defense Program created in Section
             82      63A-11-103 .
             83          Section 4. Section 63A-11-103 is amended to read:
             84           63A-11-103. Creation of program.
             85          There is created within the [Department of Administrative Services] department, the

             86      [Office of] Child Welfare Parental Defense Program.
             87          Section 5. Section 63A-11-104 is amended to read:
             88           63A-11-104. Program -- Duties -- Contracting.
             89          [(1) Except as provided in Subsection (2):]
             90          [(a) The executive director of the department shall appoint the director of the office
             91      with the approval of the governor.]
             92          [(b) The director shall be an attorney licensed to practice law in the state.]
             93          [(2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), if the executive director does not appoint a
             94      director of the office, the executive director:]
             95          [(a) shall be the director of the office;]
             96          [(b) is not required to be an attorney;]
             97          [(c) may not engage in the practice of law, unless the executive director is an attorney
             98      licensed to practice law in the state; and]
             99          [(d) may not receive a salary from the state in excess of the salary established for the
             100      executive director by the governor under Section 67-22-2 .]
             101          [(3)] (1) The [director] department shall:
             102          (a) except as provided under Subsection (2), administer and enforce this chapter;
             103          (b) manage the operation and budget of the [office] program; and
             104          (c) if the department operates the [office] program as an internal service fund agency in
             105      accordance with Section 63A-1-109.5 , submit to the Rate Committee established in Section
             106      63A-1-114 :
             107          (i) the proposed rate and fee schedule as required by Section 63A-1-114 ; and
             108          (ii) other information or analysis requested by the Rate Committee.
             109          [(4) The director may employ staff.]
             110          (2) The department may contract with:
             111          (a) a qualified person to perform the program duties assigned by this chapter; and
             112          (b) an attorney authorized to practice law in the state, as an independent contractor, to
             113      serve as a parental defense attorney as provided under Section 63A-11-201 .

             114          Section 6. Section 63A-11-105 is amended to read:
             115           63A-11-105. Program -- Duties, functions, and responsibilities.
             116          [(1) The duties, functions, and responsibilities of the office include the following:]
             117          The department shall:
             118          [(a) to] (1) provide assistance and advice to parental defense attorneys;
             119          [(b) to] (2) develop and provide educational and training programs for parental
             120      defense attorneys; and
             121          [(c) to] (3) provide information and advice to assist parental defense attorneys to
             122      comply with their professional, contractual, and ethical duties.
             123          [(2) The director may contract with a qualified person to fulfill the requirements of
             124      Subsection (1).]
             125          [(3) The office may develop and enter into contracts with attorneys authorized to
             126      practice law in the state, as independent contractors, to serve as parental defense attorneys.]
             127          Section 7. Section 63A-11-106 is amended to read:
             128           63A-11-106. Annual report -- Budget.
             129          (1) On or before the 1st day of October each year, the executive director shall report to
             130      the governor and the Child Welfare Legislative Oversight Panel of the Legislature regarding
             131      the preceding fiscal year on the operations, activities, and goals of the [office] program.
             132          (2) The executive director shall prepare [and submit to the executive director] a budget
             133      of:
             134          (a) the administrative expenses for the [office] program; and
             135          (b) the amount estimated to fund needed [contracted parental defense attorneys]
             136      contracts and other costs.
             137          Section 8. Section 63A-11-201 is amended to read:
Part 2. Child Welfare Parental Defense Contracts

             139           63A-11-201. Child welfare parental defense contracts -- Qualifications.
             140          (1) The [office] department may enter into contracts with qualified parental defense
             141      attorneys to provide services for an indigent parent or parents who are the subject of a petition

             142      alleging abuse, neglect, or dependency, and will require a parental defense attorney [pursuant
             143      to] under Section 78A-6-1111 .
             144          (2) Payment for the representation, costs, and expenses of a contracted parental defense
             145      attorney shall be made from the Child Welfare Parental Defense Fund as provided in Section
             146      63A-11-203 .
             147          (3) The parental defense attorney shall maintain the minimum qualifications as
             148      provided by this chapter.
             149          Section 9. Section 63A-11-202 is amended to read:
             150           63A-11-202. Contracted parental defense attorney.
             151          (1) [With respect to] For child welfare cases, a contracted parental defense attorney
             152      shall:
             153          (a) adequately prepare for and attend all court hearings, including initial and continued
             154      shelter hearings and mediations;
             155          (b) fully advise the client of the nature of the proceedings and of the client's rights,
             156      communicate to the client any offers of settlement or compromise, and advise the client
             157      regarding the reasonably foreseeable consequences of any course of action in the proceedings;
             158          (c) be reasonably available to consult with the client outside of court proceedings;
             159          (d) where attendance of a parental defense attorney is reasonably needed, attend
             160      meetings regarding the client's case with representatives of one or more of the Division of
             161      Child and Family Services, the Office of the Attorney General, and the Office of Guardian Ad
             162      Litem;
             163          (e) represent the interest of the client at all stages of the proceedings before the trial
             164      court; and
             165          (f) participate in the training courses and otherwise maintain the standards described in
             166      Subsection (3).
             167          (2) If the [office] department enters into a contract with an attorney under Section
             168      [ 63A-11-105 ] 63A-11-201 , the contract shall require that each attorney in the firm who will
             169      provide representation of parents in child welfare cases under the contract perform the duties

             170      described in Subsection (1).
             171          (3) (a) Except as otherwise provided in Subsection (3)(b), a contracted parental defense
             172      attorney shall meet the standards developed by the [director] department, which may include:
             173          (i) completion of a basic training course provided by the [office] program;
             174          (ii) experience in child welfare cases; and
             175          (iii) participation each calendar year in continuing legal education courses providing no
             176      fewer than eight hours of instruction in child welfare law.
             177          (b) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             178      [director] department may, by rule, exempt from the requirements of Subsection (3)(a) an
             179      attorney who has equivalent training or adequate experience.
             180          (4) Payment for the representation, costs, and expenses of the contracted parental
             181      defense attorney shall be made from the Child Welfare Parental Defense Fund as provided in
             182      Section 63A-11-203 .
             183          Section 10. Section 63A-11-203 is amended to read:
             184           63A-11-203. Child Welfare Parental Defense Fund -- Creation.
             185          (1) There is created a nonlapsing, restricted special revenue fund known as the "Child
             186      Welfare Parental Defense Fund."
             187          (2) Subject to availability, the [director] department may make distributions from the
             188      fund as required in this chapter for the following purposes:
             189          (a) to pay for the representation, costs, expert witness fees, and expenses of contracted
             190      parental defense attorneys who are under contract with the [office] department to provide
             191      parental defense in child welfare cases for the indigent parent or parents that are the subject of
             192      a petition alleging abuse, neglect, or dependency;
             193          (b) for administrative costs [pursuant to] under this chapter; and
             194          (c) for reasonable expenses directly related to the functioning of the [office] program,
             195      including training and travel expenses.
             196          (3) The fund consists of:
             197          (a) appropriations made to the fund by the Legislature;

             198          (b) interest and earnings from the investment of fund money;
             199          (c) proceeds deposited by participating counties [pursuant to] under Section
             200      63A-11-204 ; and
             201          (d) private contributions to the Child Welfare Parental Defense Fund.
             202          (4) The state treasurer shall invest the money in the fund by following the procedures
             203      and requirements of Title 51, Chapter 7, State Money Management Act.
             204          (5) (a) If the [director] department anticipates a deficit in the fund during any fiscal
             205      year:
             206          (i) the [director] department shall request an appropriation from the Legislature; and
             207          (ii) the Legislature may fund the anticipated deficit through appropriation but is not
             208      required to fund the deficit.
             209          (b) If the anticipated deficit is not funded by the Legislature, the [director] department
             210      may request an interim assessment to participating counties to fund the anticipated deficit.
             211          Section 11. Section 63A-11-204 is amended to read:
             212           63A-11-204. Agreements for coverage by the Child Welfare Parental Defense
             213      Fund -- Eligibility -- County and state obligations -- Termination -- Revocation.
             214          (1) A county legislative body and the [office] department may annually enter into a
             215      written agreement for the [office] department to provide parental defense attorney services in
             216      the county out of the Child Welfare Parental Defense Fund.
             217          (2) An agreement described in Subsection (1) shall provide that the county shall pay
             218      into the fund an amount defined by a formula established in rule by the [office] department.
             219          (3) (a) After the first year of operation of the fund, any county that elects to initiate
             220      participation in the fund, or reestablish participation in the fund after participation was
             221      terminated, shall be required to make an equity payment, in addition to the assessment
             222      provided in Subsection (2).
             223          (b) The amount of the equity payment described in Subsection (3)(a) shall be
             224      determined by the [office pursuant to] department under rules established by the [office]
             225      department under Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.

             226          (4) The agreement shall provide for revocation of the agreement for failure to pay
             227      assessments on the due date established by rule.
             228          (5) Any county that elects to withdraw from participation in the fund, or whose
             229      participation in the fund is revoked due to failure to pay its assessments when due, shall forfeit
             230      any right to any previously paid assessments by the county or coverage from the fund.
             231          Section 12. Section 63A-12-100.5 is amended to read:
             232           63A-12-100.5. Definitions.
             233          [The] (1) Except as provided under Subsection (2), the definitions in Section
             234      63G-2-103 apply to this chapter.
             235          (2) As used in this chapter, "division" or "state archives" means the Division of
             236      Archives and Records Service.
             237          Section 13. Section 63A-12-109 is enacted to read:
             238          63A-12-109. State Archives Fund created -- Donations -- Use of money --
             239      Reporting.
             240          (1) There is created a restricted special revenue fund known as the "State Archives
             241      Fund."
             242          (2) The fund consists of money or other assets deposited in the fund from:
             243          (a) a donation;
             244          (b) a deposit;
             245          (c) a contribution;
             246          (d) a gift;
             247          (e) an endowment;
             248          (f) a devise; and
             249          (g) a bequest of real property, personal property, or service.
             250          (3) The division shall use the fund money for:
             251          (a) the purpose specified by the grantor, if any; or
             252          (b) if no purpose is specified by the grantor, the preservation of and access to the
             253      archival records and exhibits.

             254          (4) (a) The fund shall earn interest.
             255          (b) The state treasurer shall deposit all interest earned on money in the fund into the
             256      fund.
             257          (5) The division shall annually report on the use of the fund to an appropriation
             258      subcommittee designated by the Executive Appropriations Committee as part of the
             259      appropriation subcommittee's budgetary process under Title 63J, Chapter 1, Budgetary
             260      Procedures Act.
             261          Section 14. Section 78A-6-1111 is amended to read:
             262           78A-6-1111. Right to counsel -- Appointment of counsel for indigent -- Cost --
             263      Court hearing to determine compelling reason to appoint a noncontracting attorney.
             264          (1) (a) The parents, guardian, custodian, and the minor, if competent, shall be informed
             265      that they have the right to be represented by counsel at every stage of the proceedings. They
             266      have the right to employ counsel of their own choice and if any of them requests an attorney
             267      and is found by the court to be indigent, counsel shall be appointed by the court, subject to the
             268      provisions of this section. The court may appoint counsel without a request if it considers
             269      representation by counsel necessary to protect the interest of the minor or of other parties.
             270          (b) The cost of appointed counsel for an indigent minor or other indigent party,
             271      including the cost of counsel and expense of appeal, shall be paid by the county in which the
             272      trial court proceedings are held. Counties may levy and collect taxes for these purposes.
             273          (c) The court shall take into account the income and financial ability to retain counsel
             274      of the parents or guardian of a child in determining the indigency of the child.
             275          (2) If the state or county responsible to provide legal counsel for an indigent under
             276      Subsection (1)(b) has arranged by contract to provide services, the court if it has received
             277      notice or a copy of such contract shall appoint the contracting attorney as legal counsel to
             278      represent that indigent.
             279          (3) In the absence of contrary contractual provisions regarding the selection and
             280      appointment of parental defense counsel, the court shall select and appoint the attorney or
             281      attorneys if:

             282          (a) the contract for indigent legal services is with multiple attorneys; or
             283          (b) the contract is with an additional attorney or attorneys in the event of a conflict of
             284      interest.
             285          (4) If the court considers the appointment of a noncontracting attorney to provide legal
             286      services to an indigent despite the existence of an indigent legal services contract and the court
             287      has a copy or notice of such contract, before the court may make the appointment, it shall:
             288          (a) set the matter for a hearing;
             289          (b) give proper notice to the attorney general and the [Office of] Child Welfare
             290      Parental Defense Program created in Section 63A-11-103 ; and
             291          (c) make findings that there is a compelling reason to appoint a noncontracting attorney
             292      before it may make such appointment.
             293          (5) The indigent's mere preference for other counsel may not be considered a
             294      compelling reason justifying the appointment of a noncontracting attorney.
             295          (6) The court may order a minor, parent, guardian, or custodian for whom counsel is
             296      appointed and the parents or guardian of any child for whom counsel is appointed to reimburse
             297      the county for some or all of the cost of appointed counsel.
             298          (7) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (7)(b) and (c), the court shall order a minor,
             299      parent, guardian, or custodian for whom counsel is appointed and the parents or guardian of
             300      any child for whom counsel is appointed to reimburse the county for the cost of appointed
             301      counsel arising from any work of counsel that is not primarily directed at the state or the
             302      guardian ad litem.
             303          (b) The court may not order reimbursement of the county pursuant to Subsection (7)(a)
             304      for the cost of appointed counsel arising from any work of counsel:
             305          (i) that is specifically undertaken to defend against the filing of a petition to terminate
             306      parental rights, regardless of who filed the petition; and
             307          (ii) that is undertaken after the petition to terminate parental rights has been filed.
             308          (c) The state, or an agency of the state, may not be ordered to reimburse the county
             309      pursuant to Subsection (7)(a).


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