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H.B. 370 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Insurance Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding
10 bail surety and bail bond companies.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . amends the procedure for the court providing notice to the surety when a defendant
14 who has posted bail fails to appear;
15 . provides that bail will be exonerated in specified cases, including when the
16 defendant appears at the next court hearing and where the court has not scheduled
17 any action in the case within 18 months after the most recent docket activity; and
18 . provides licensure qualifications, including training and hours of experience, for
19 bail bond sureties and agencies.
20 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
22 Other Special Clauses:
24 Utah Code Sections Affected:
26 77-20-7, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 332
27 77-20b-101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 332
29 31A-35-401.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
31 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
32 Section 1. Section 31A-35-401.5 is enacted to read:
33 31A-35-401.5. Additional licensure requirements for a bail bond surety company.
34 (1) A person applying for licensure as a bail bond surety or agency for the first time
35 shall, in addition to the requirements of Section 31A-35-401 , provide proof that at least one
36 principal of the bail bond surety or agency will have a minimum of 2,000 hours of experience
37 working as an employee of a bail bond surety company as a licensed bail bond agent.
38 (2) The applicant shall provide proof of the experience claimed under Subsection (1),
39 including providing:
40 (a) the exact details of the character and nature of the experience on a form provided by
41 the department;
42 (b) a statement by each employer verifying the number of hours the applicant worked
43 for the employer; and
44 (c) (i) federal income reporting forms that account for the wages for hours claimed or
45 documented approval of the claimed hours by the insurance commissioner; and
46 (ii) the total of 2,000 hours may be proved in part by federal income reporting forms
47 and in part by approval by the insurance commissioner.
48 (3) The burden of proving the hours of experience as required in this section is upon
49 the applicant.
50 (4) An individual who is applying for licensure under this chapter for the first time
51 shall have completed a training program of not less than four hours that is approved by the
52 commissioner and includes:
53 (a) definition of a bail bond, jail procedures regarding bail bonds, court procedures
54 regarding bail bonds, liability of a bail bond, the taking of collateral, returning collateral, trust
55 account separation of funds, fee structure, the 10 percent rule, agent liability, the prohibition on
56 soliciting on county or state property, and the delivery of a bail bond;
57 (b) state laws and administrative rules regarding the operation of a bail bond business;
58 (c) the rights of an accused person; and
59 (d) the ethical requirements of a bail bond business.
60 (5) (a) On and after January 1, 2012, an applicant for renewal of a license under this
61 chapter shall have completed during the prior year two hours of continuing education.
62 (b) The insurance commissioner shall implement the continuing education requirement
63 under this Subsection (5) pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking
65 Section 2. Section 77-20-7 is amended to read:
66 77-20-7. Duration of liability on undertaking -- Notices to sureties -- Exoneration
67 if charges not filed.
68 (1) (a) [
69 the written undertaking are liable on the undertaking during all proceedings and for all court
70 appearances required of the defendant up to and including the surrender of the defendant [
72 undertaking. Any failure of the defendant to appear [
74 to forfeiture [
75 sureties. Upon sentencing the bond shall be exonerated without motion.
76 (b) If the sentence includes a commitment to a jail or prison, the bond shall be
77 exonerated when the defendant appears at the appropriate jail or prison, unless the judge
78 doesn't require the defendant to begin the commitment within seven days, in which case the
79 bond is exonerated upon sentencing.
81 agreement and holding that plea in abeyance pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in
82 Abeyance, is considered to be the same as a sentencing upon a guilty plea.
84 and the bond is exonerated without any motion, upon acceptance of the court and the defendant
85 of a plea in abeyance, probation, fine payments, post sentencing reviews, or any other deferred
86 sentencing reviews or any other deferred sentencing agreement.
88 surety is liable on the undertaking during all proceedings and for all court appearances required
89 of the defendant up to and including [
90 commence serving the sentence imposed under Subsection [
91 (2) If no information or indictment charging a person with an offense is filed in court
92 within 120 days after the date of the bail undertaking or cash receipt, the court may relieve a
93 person from conditions of release at the person's request, and the bond or undertaking is
94 exonerated without further order of the court unless the prosecutor requests an extension of
95 time before the end of the 120-day period by:
96 (a) filing a notice for extension with the court; and
97 (b) serving the notice for extension upon the sureties and the person or his attorney.
98 (3) A court may extend bail and conditions of release for good cause.
99 (4) Subsection (2) does not prohibit the filing of charges against a person at any time.
100 (5) If the court does not set on a calendar any hearings on a case within 18 months of
101 the last court docket activity on a case, the undertaking of bail is exonerated without motion.
102 Section 3. Section 77-20b-101 is amended to read:
103 77-20b-101. Entry of nonappearance -- Notice to surety -- Release of surety on
104 failure of timely notice.
105 (1) If a defendant who has posted bail fails to appear before the appropriate court
107 30 days of the failure to appear issue a bench warrant that includes the original case number.
108 The court shall also direct that the surety be given notice of the nonappearance. The clerk of
109 the court shall:
110 (a) mail notice of nonappearance by certified mail, return receipt requested, within 30
111 days to the address of the surety [
112 (b) notify the surety [
113 telephone number[
114 (c) deliver a copy of the notice sent under Subsection (1)(a) to the prosecutor's office at
115 the same time notice is sent under Subsection (1)(a); and
116 (d) ensure that the name, address, and telephone number of the surety or its agent as
117 listed on the bond is stated on the bench warrant.
118 (e) mail notice of the failure to appear to the bail agent if the surety is different than the
119 producer's agent.
120 (2) The prosecutor may mail notice of nonappearance by certified mail, return receipt
121 requested, to the address of the surety [
122 the date of the defendant's failure to appear.
123 (3) If notice of nonappearance is not mailed to a surety [
124 bond, other than the defendant, in accordance with Subsection (1) or (2), the surety [
125 agent are relieved of further obligation under the bond if the surety's current name and address
126 or the current name and address of the surety's agent are on the bail bond in the court's file.
127 (4) (a) (i) If a defendant appears in court within seven days after a missed, scheduled
128 court appearance, the court may reinstate the bond without further notice to the bond company.
129 (ii) If the defendant, while in custody, appears on the case for which the bond was
130 posted, the court may not reinstate the bond without the consent of the bond company.
131 (b) If a defendant fails to appear within seven days after a scheduled court appearance,
132 the court may not reinstate the bond without the consent of the surety.
133 (c) If the defendant is arrested and booked into a county jail booking facility pursuant
134 to a warrant for failure to appear on the original charges[
136 defendant's having paid the fine and prior to entry of judgment of forfeiture, the court shall
137 exonerate the bond. [
138 (d) Unless the court makes a finding of good cause why the bond should not be
139 exonerated, it shall exonerate the bond if:
140 (i) the surety has delivered the defendant to the county jail booking facility in the
141 county where the original charge is pending;
142 (ii) the defendant has been released on a bond secured from a subsequent surety for the
143 original charge and the failure to appear;
144 (iii) after an arrest, the defendant has escaped from jail or has been released on the
145 defendant's own recognizance, pursuant to a pretrial release, under a court order regulating jail
146 capacity, or by a sheriff's release under Section 17-22-5.5 ;
147 (iv) the surety has transported or agreed to pay for the transportation of the defendant
148 from a location outside of the county back to the county where the original charge is pending,
149 and the payment is in an amount equal to government transportation expenses listed in Section
150 76-3-201 ; or
151 (v) the surety demonstrates by a preponderance of the evidence that:
152 (A) at the time the surety issued the bond, it had made reasonable efforts to determine
153 that the defendant was legally present in the United States;
154 (B) a reasonable person would have concluded, based on the surety's determination,
155 that the defendant was legally present in the United States; and
156 (C) the surety has failed to bring the defendant before the court because the defendant
157 is in federal custody or has been deported.
158 (e) Under circumstances not otherwise provided for in this section, the court may
159 exonerate the bond if it finds that the prosecutor has been given reasonable notice of a surety's
160 motion and there is good cause for the bond to be exonerated.
161 (f) If a surety's bond has been exonerated under this section and the surety remains
162 liable for the cost of transportation of the defendant, the surety may take custody of the
163 defendant for the purpose of transporting the defendant to the jurisdiction where the charge is
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