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H.B. 374 Enrolled

             1     

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Bradley G. Last

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill prevents a person arrested for domestic violence from personally contacting
             10      the alleged victim while the person is detained in a jail.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    prevents a person arrested for domestic violence from contacting the alleged victim
             14      while the person is detained in a jail; and
             15          .    provides a penalty for violation.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          77-36-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 218 and 384
             23          77-36-2.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             24          77-36-2.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 384
             25     
             26      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
             28           77-36-1. Definitions.
             29          As used in this chapter:


             30          (1) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as in Section 78B-7-102 .
             31          (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             32          (3) "Divorced" means an individual who has obtained a divorce under Title 30, Chapter
             33      3, Divorce.
             34          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             35      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             36      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             37      cohabitant against another. "Domestic violence" also means commission or attempt to commit,
             38      any of the following offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             39          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             40          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             41          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
             42          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             43          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             44          (f) kidnapping, child kidnapping, or aggravated kidnapping, as described in Sections
             45      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             46          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             47          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, and
             48      Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children;
             49          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             50          (j) unlawful detention, as described in Section 76-5-304 ;
             51          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             52      76-5-108 ;
             53          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
             54      Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             55          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             56      76-10-507 ;
             57          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any


             58      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 ;
             59          (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102 , if a conviction of disorderly
             60      conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with
             61      any of the domestic violence offenses otherwise described in this Subsection (4). Conviction
             62      of disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this
             63      Subsection (4)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18
             64      U.S.C. Section 921, and is exempt from the provisions of the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C.
             65      Section 921 et seq.; or
             66          (p) child abuse as described in Section 76-5-109.1 .
             67          (5) "Jail release agreement" means a written agreement:
             68          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             69      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             70          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection
             71      77-36-2.5 [(1)](2).
             72          (6) "Jail release court order" means a written court order:
             73          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             74      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             75          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection
             76      77-36-2.5 [(1)](2).
             77          (7) "Marital status" means married and living together, divorced, separated, or not
             78      married.
             79          (8) "Married and living together" means a man and a woman whose marriage was
             80      solemnized under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are living in the same residence.
             81          (9) "Not married" means any living arrangement other than married and living together,
             82      divorced, or separated.
             83          (10) "Pretrial protective order" means a written order:
             84          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person who has been charged with a domestic
             85      violence offense may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and


             86          (b) specifying other conditions of release pursuant to Subsection 77-36-2.5 [(2)](3)(c),
             87      Subsection 77-36-2.6 (3), or Section 77-36-2.7 , pending trial in the criminal case.
             88          (11) "Sentencing protective order" means a written order of the court as part of
             89      sentencing in a domestic violence case that limits the contact a person who has been convicted
             90      of a domestic violence offense may have with a victim or other specified individuals pursuant
             91      to Sections 77-36-5 and 77-36-5.1 .
             92          (12) "Separated" means a man and a woman who have had their marriage solemnized
             93      under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are not living in the same residence.
             94          (13) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.
             95          Section 2. Section 77-36-2.1 is amended to read:
             96           77-36-2.1. Duties of law enforcement officers -- Notice to victims.
             97          (1) A law enforcement officer who responds to an allegation of domestic violence shall
             98      use all reasonable means to protect the victim and prevent further violence, including:
             99          (a) taking the action that, in the officer's discretion, is reasonably necessary to provide
             100      for the safety of the victim and any family or household member;
             101          (b) confiscating the weapon or weapons involved in the alleged domestic violence;
             102          (c) making arrangements for the victim and any child to obtain emergency housing or
             103      shelter;
             104          (d) providing protection while the victim removes essential personal effects;
             105          (e) arrange, facilitate, or provide for the victim and any child to obtain medical
             106      treatment; and
             107          (f) arrange, facilitate, or provide the victim with immediate and adequate notice of the
             108      rights of victims and of the remedies and services available to victims of domestic violence, in
             109      accordance with Subsection (2).
             110          (2) (a) A law enforcement officer shall give written notice to the victim in simple
             111      language, describing the rights and remedies available under this chapter, Title 78B, Chapter 7,
             112      Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act, and Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 2, Child Protective Orders.
             113          (b) The written notice shall also include:


             114          (i) a statement that the forms needed in order to obtain an order for protection are
             115      available from the court clerk's office in the judicial district where the victim resides or is
             116      temporarily domiciled;
             117          (ii) a list of shelters, services, and resources available in the appropriate community,
             118      together with telephone numbers, to assist the victim in accessing any needed assistance; and
             119          (iii) the information required to be provided to both parties in accordance with
             120      Subsection 77-36-2.5 [(7)](8).
             121          Section 3. Section 77-36-2.5 is amended to read:
             122           77-36-2.5. Conditions for release after arrest for domestic violence -- Jail release
             123      agreements -- Jail release court orders.
             124          (1) (a) Upon arrest for domestic violence, and before the person is released on bail,
             125      recognizance, or otherwise, the person may not personally contact the alleged victim of
             126      domestic violence.
             127          (b) A person who violates Subsection (1)(a) is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             128          [(1)] (2) Upon arrest for domestic violence, a person may not be released on bail,
             129      recognizance, or otherwise prior to the close of the next court day following the arrest, unless
             130      as a condition of that release the person is ordered by the court or agrees in writing that until
             131      further order of the court, the person will:
             132          (a) have no personal contact with the alleged victim;
             133          (b) not threaten or harass the alleged victim; and
             134          (c) not knowingly enter onto the premises of the alleged victim's residence or any
             135      premises temporarily occupied by the alleged victim.
             136          [(2)] (3) (a) The jail release agreement or jail release court order expires at midnight on
             137      the day on which the person arrested appears in person or by video for arraignment or an initial
             138      appearance.
             139          (b) (i) If criminal charges have not been filed against the arrested person, the court
             140      may, for good cause and in writing, extend the jail release agreement or jail release court order
             141      beyond the time period under Subsection [(2)] (3)(a) as provided in Subsection [(2)] (3)(b)(ii).


             142          (ii) (A) The court may extend a jail release agreement or jail release court order under
             143      Subsection [(2)] (3)(b)(i) to no longer than midnight of the third business day after the arrested
             144      person's first court appearance.
             145          (B) If criminal charges are filed against the arrested person within the three business
             146      days under Subsection [(2)] (3)(b)(ii)(A), the jail release agreement or the jail release court
             147      order continues in effect until the arrested person appears in person or by video at the arrested
             148      person's next scheduled court appearance.
             149          (c) If criminal charges have been filed against the arrested person the court may, upon
             150      the request of the prosecutor or the victim or upon the court's own motion, issue a pretrial
             151      protective order.
             152          [(3)] (4) As a condition of release, the court may order the defendant to participate in
             153      an electronic or other monitoring program and to pay the costs associated with the program.
             154          [(4)] (5) (a) Subsequent to an arrest for domestic violence, an alleged victim may
             155      waive in writing any or all of the release conditions described in Subsection [(1)] (2)(a) or (c).
             156      Upon waiver, those release conditions do not apply to the alleged perpetrator.
             157          (b) A court or magistrate may modify the release conditions described in Subsections
             158      (1)(a) or (c), in writing or on the record, and only for good cause shown.
             159          [(5)] (6) (a) When a person is released pursuant to Subsection [(1)] (2), the releasing
             160      agency shall notify the arresting law enforcement agency of the release, conditions of release,
             161      and any available information concerning the location of the victim. The arresting law
             162      enforcement agency shall then make a reasonable effort to notify the victim of that release.
             163          (b) (i) When a person is released pursuant to Subsection [(1)] (2) based on a written jail
             164      release agreement, the releasing agency shall transmit that information to the statewide
             165      domestic violence network described in Section 78B-7-113 .
             166          (ii) When a person is released pursuant to Subsection [(1)] (2) or [(2)] (3) based upon a
             167      jail release court order or if a jail release agreement is modified pursuant to Subsection [(4)]
             168      (5)(b), the court shall transmit that order to the statewide domestic violence network described
             169      in Section 78B-7-113 .


             170          (iii) A copy of the jail release court order or written jail release agreement shall be
             171      given to the person by the releasing agency before the person is released.
             172          (c) This Subsection [(5)] (6) does not create or increase liability of a law enforcement
             173      officer or agency, and the good faith immunity provided by Section 77-36-8 is applicable.
             174          [(6)] (7) (a) If a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that a person has
             175      violated a jail release court order or jail release agreement executed pursuant to Subsection
             176      [(1)] (2) the officer shall, without a warrant, arrest the alleged violator.
             177          (b) Any person who knowingly violates a jail release court order or jail release
             178      agreement executed pursuant to Subsection [(1)] (2) is guilty as follows:
             179          (i) if the original arrest was for a felony, an offense under this section is a third degree
             180      felony; or
             181          (ii) if the original arrest was for a misdemeanor, an offense under this section is a class
             182      A misdemeanor.
             183          (c) City attorneys may prosecute class A misdemeanor violations under this section.
             184          [(7)] (8) An individual who was originally arrested for a felony under this chapter and
             185      released pursuant to this section may subsequently be held without bail if there is substantial
             186      evidence to support a new felony charge against him.
             187          [(8)] (9) At the time an arrest for domestic violence is made, the arresting officer shall
             188      provide the alleged victim with written notice containing:
             189          (a) the release conditions described in Subsection [(1)] (2), and notice that those
             190      release conditions shall be ordered by a court or must be agreed to by the alleged perpetrator
             191      prior to release;
             192          (b) notification of the penalties for violation of any jail release court order or any jail
             193      release agreement executed under Subsection [(1)] (2);
             194          (c) notification that the alleged perpetrator is to personally appear in court on the next
             195      day the court is open for business after the day of the arrest;
             196          (d) the address of the appropriate court in the district or county in which the alleged
             197      victim resides;


             198          (e) the availability and effect of any waiver of the release conditions; and
             199          (f) information regarding the availability of and procedures for obtaining civil and
             200      criminal protective orders with or without the assistance of an attorney.
             201          [(9)] (10) At the time an arrest for domestic violence is made, the arresting officer shall
             202      provide the alleged perpetrator with written notice containing:
             203          (a) notification that the alleged perpetrator may not contact the alleged victim before
             204      being released;
             205          [(a)] (b) the release conditions described in Subsection [(1)] (2) and notice that those
             206      release conditions shall be ordered by a court or shall be agreed to by the alleged perpetrator
             207      prior to release;
             208          [(b)] (c) notification of the penalties for violation of any jail release court order or any
             209      written jail release agreement executed under Subsection [(1)] (2); and
             210          [(c)] (d) notification that the alleged perpetrator is to personally appear in court on the
             211      next day the court is open for business after the day of the arrest[;].
             212          [(10)] (11) (a) If the alleged perpetrator fails to personally appear in court as scheduled,
             213      the jail release court order or jail release agreement does not expire and continues in effect until
             214      the alleged perpetrator makes the personal appearance in court as required by Section
             215      77-36-2.6 .
             216          (b) If, when the alleged perpetrator personally appears in court as required by Section
             217      77-36-2.6 , criminal charges have not been filed against the arrested person, the court may allow
             218      the jail release court order or jail release agreement to expire at midnight on the day of the
             219      court appearance or may extend it for good cause.
             220          [(11)] (12) In addition to the provisions of Subsections [(1)] (2) through [(7)] (8),
             221      because of the unique and highly emotional nature of domestic violence crimes, the high
             222      recidivism rate of violent offenders, and the demonstrated increased risk of continued acts of
             223      violence subsequent to the release of an offender who has been arrested for domestic violence,
             224      it is the finding of the Legislature that domestic violence crimes, as defined in Section 77-36-1 ,
             225      are crimes for which bail may be denied if there is substantial evidence to support the charge,


             226      and if the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the alleged perpetrator would
             227      constitute a substantial danger to an alleged victim of domestic violence if released on bail.


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