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H.B. 399 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill requires a plaintiff requesting a preliminary injunction or an administrative
10 stay to post a bond.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . requires a plaintiff to post a bond before receiving a preliminary injunction or
14 administrative stay;
15 . requires an unsuccessful plaintiff to pay damages to defendants who are harmed by
16 a preliminary injunction or administrative stay; and
17 . provides for an immediate appeal of a court's or agency's refusal to require the bond.
18 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
20 Other Special Clauses:
22 Utah Code Sections Affected:
24 78B-5-828, Utah Code Annotated 1953
26 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
27 Section 1. Section 78B-5-828 is enacted to read:
28 78B-5-828. Bond required in an environmental action.
29 (1) As used in this section:
30 (a) "Administrative stay" means a stay or other temporary remedy issued by an agency
31 under Section 63G-4-405 .
32 (b) "Environmental action" means a cause of action that:
33 (i) is filed on or after May 10, 2011; and
34 (ii) seeks judicial review of a final agency action to issue a permit by:
35 (A) the Department of Natural Resources;
36 (B) the Department of Transportation; or
37 (C) the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration.
38 (c) "Ultimately prevail on the merits" means, in the final judgment, the court rules in
39 the plaintiff's favor on at least one cause of action.
40 (2) A plaintiff who obtains a preliminary injunction or administrative stay in an
41 environmental action, but does not ultimately prevail on the merits of the environmental action,
42 is liable for damages sustained by a defendant who:
43 (a) opposed the preliminary injunction or administrative stay; and
44 (b) was harmed by the preliminary injunction.
45 (3) A court may not issue a preliminary injunction and an agency may not grant an
46 administrative stay in an environmental action until the plaintiff posts with the court or the
47 agency a surety bond or cash equivalent:
48 (a) in an amount the court or agency considers sufficient to compensate each defendant
49 opposing the preliminary injunction or administrative stay for damages that each defendant
50 may sustain as a result of the preliminary injunction or administrative stay;
51 (b) written by a surety licensed to do business in the state; and
52 (c) payable to each defendant opposing the preliminary injunction or administrative
53 stay in the event the plaintiff does not prevail on the merits of the environmental action.
54 (4) If there is more than one plaintiff, the court or agency shall establish the amount of
55 the bond required by Subsection (3) for each plaintiff in a fair and equitable manner.
56 (5) (a) If the plaintiff does not ultimately prevail on the merits of the environmental
57 action, the court shall execute the bond and award damages to each defendant who:
58 (i) opposed the preliminary injunction or administrative stay; and
59 (ii) was harmed as a result of its issuance.
60 (b) If the amount of money secured by the surety bond or cash equivalent:
61 (i) exceeds the damages awarded, the court or agency shall return the excess to the
62 plaintiff; and
63 (ii) is less than the damages awarded, the court or agency shall order the plaintiff to pay
64 the remaining damages.
65 (6) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a court's or agency's refusal to require
66 the posting of a surety bond or cash equivalent as required by this section is subject to
67 immediate appeal.
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