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H.B. 420 Enrolled

             1     

WATER QUALITY BOARD POWERS AND DUTIES

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Julie Fisher

             5     
Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Water Quality Act by modifying the duties and responsibilities of
             10      the Water Quality Board and requiring legislative approval for certain
             11      recommendations.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines the term "total maximum daily load";
             15          .    authorizes the Water Quality Board to review all total daily maximum load reports
             16      and recommendations before submission to the EPA;
             17          .    authorizes the Water Quality Board to disapprove, approve, or approve with
             18      conditions all total daily maximum load recommendations;
             19          .    authorizes the Water Quality Board to provide suggestions to the Division of Water
             20      Quality in the event a total daily maximum load strategy is rejected;
             21          .    requires that any board-approved strategy or recommendation that will cost between
             22      $10,000,000 and $100,000,000 be reviewed by the Natural Resources, Agriculture,
             23      and Environment Interim Committee;
             24          .    requires that any board-approved strategy or recommendation that will cost over
             25      $100,000,000 be approved by the Legislature; and
             26          .    makes technical changes.
             27      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             28          None
             29      Other Special Clauses:


             30          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2012.
             31      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             32      AMENDS:
             33          19-5-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 274
             34          19-5-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 336 and 382
             35      ENACTS:
             36          19-5-104.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             37     
             38      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             39          Section 1. Section 19-5-102 is amended to read:
             40           19-5-102. Definitions.
             41          As used in this chapter:
             42          (1) "Board" means the Water Quality Board created in Section 19-1-106 .
             43          (2) "Contaminant" means any physical, chemical, biological, or radiological substance
             44      or matter in water.
             45          (3) "Discharge" means the addition of any pollutant to any waters of the state.
             46          (4) "Discharge permit" means a permit issued to a person who:
             47          (a) discharges or whose activities would probably result in a discharge of pollutants
             48      into the waters of the state; or
             49          (b) generates or manages sewage sludge.
             50          (5) "Disposal system" means a system for disposing of wastes, and includes sewerage
             51      systems and treatment works.
             52          (6) "Effluent limitations" means any restrictions, requirements, or prohibitions,
             53      including schedules of compliance established under this chapter which apply to discharges.
             54          (7) "Executive secretary" means the executive secretary of the board.
             55          (8) "Point source":
             56          (a) means any discernible, confined, and discrete conveyance, including but not limited
             57      to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock,


             58      concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants
             59      are or may be discharged; and
             60          (b) does not include return flows from irrigated agriculture.
             61          (9) "Pollution" means any man-made or man-induced alteration of the chemical,
             62      physical, biological, or radiological integrity of any waters of the state, unless the alteration is
             63      necessary for the public health and safety.
             64          (10) "Publicly owned treatment works" means any facility for the treatment of
             65      pollutants owned by the state, its political subdivisions, or other public entity.
             66          (11) "Schedule of compliance" means a schedule of remedial measures, including an
             67      enforceable sequence of actions or operations leading to compliance with this chapter.
             68          (12) "Sewage sludge" means any solid, semisolid, or liquid residue removed during the
             69      treatment of municipal wastewater or domestic sewage.
             70          (13) "Sewerage system" means pipelines or conduits, pumping stations, and all other
             71      constructions, devices, appurtenances, and facilities used for collecting or conducting wastes to
             72      a point of ultimate disposal.
             73          (14) "Total maximum daily load" means a calculation of the maximum amount of a
             74      pollutant that a body of water can receive and still meet water quality standards.
             75          [(14)] (15) "Treatment works" means any plant, disposal field, lagoon, dam, pumping
             76      station, incinerator, or other works used for the purpose of treating, stabilizing, or holding
             77      wastes.
             78          [(15)] (16) "Underground injection" means the subsurface emplacement of fluids by
             79      well injection.
             80          [(16)] (17) "Underground wastewater disposal system" means a system for disposing of
             81      domestic wastewater discharges as defined by the board and the executive director.
             82          [(17)] (18) "Waste" or "pollutant" means dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator
             83      residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials,
             84      radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, and
             85      industrial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharged into water.


             86          [(18)] (19) "Waters of the state":
             87          (a) means all streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, watercourses, waterways, wells, springs,
             88      irrigation systems, drainage systems, and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface
             89      and underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow
             90      through, or border upon this state or any portion of the state; and
             91          (b) does not include bodies of water confined to and retained within the limits of
             92      private property, and which do not develop into or constitute a nuisance, a public health hazard,
             93      or a menace to fish or wildlife.
             94          Section 2. Section 19-5-104 is amended to read:
             95           19-5-104. Powers and duties of board.
             96          (1) The board has the following powers and duties:
             97          (a) develop programs for the prevention, control, and abatement of new or existing
             98      pollution of the waters of the state;
             99          (b) advise, consult, and cooperate with other agencies of the state, the federal
             100      government, other states, and interstate agencies, and with affected groups, political
             101      subdivisions, and industries to further the purposes of this chapter;
             102          (c) encourage, participate in, or conduct studies, investigations, research, and
             103      demonstrations relating to water pollution and causes of water pollution as the board finds
             104      necessary to discharge its duties;
             105          (d) collect and disseminate information relating to water pollution and the prevention,
             106      control, and abatement of water pollution;
             107          (e) adopt, modify, or repeal standards of quality of the waters of the state and classify
             108      those waters according to their reasonable uses in the interest of the public under conditions the
             109      board may prescribe for the prevention, control, and abatement of pollution;
             110          (f) make rules in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
             111      Rulemaking Act, taking into account Subsection (3), to:
             112          (i) implement the awarding of construction loans to political subdivisions and
             113      municipal authorities under Section 11-8-2 , including:


             114          (A) requirements pertaining to applications for loans;
             115          (B) requirements for determination of eligible projects;
             116          (C) requirements for determination of the costs upon which loans are based, which
             117      costs may include engineering, financial, legal, and administrative expenses necessary for the
             118      construction, reconstruction, and improvement of sewage treatment plants, including major
             119      interceptors, collection systems, and other facilities appurtenant to the plant;
             120          (D) a priority schedule for awarding loans, in which the board may consider in addition
             121      to water pollution control needs any financial needs relevant, including per capita cost, in
             122      making a determination of priority; and
             123          (E) requirements for determination of the amount of the loan;
             124          (ii) implement the awarding of loans for nonpoint source projects pursuant to Section
             125      73-10c-4.5 ;
             126          (iii) set effluent limitations and standards subject to Section 19-5-116 ;
             127          (iv) implement or effectuate the powers and duties of the board; and
             128          (v) protect the public health for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of
             129      underground wastewater disposal systems, liquid scavenger operations, and vault and earthen
             130      pit privies;
             131          (g) issue, modify, or revoke orders:
             132          (i) prohibiting or abating discharges;
             133          (ii) requiring the construction of new treatment works or any parts of them, or requiring
             134      the modification, extension, or alteration of existing treatment works as specified by board rule
             135      or any parts of them, or the adoption of other remedial measures to prevent, control, or abate
             136      pollution;
             137          (iii) setting standards of water quality, classifying waters or evidencing any other
             138      determination by the board under this chapter; and
             139          (iv) requiring compliance with this chapter and with rules made under this chapter;
             140          (h) (i) review plans, specifications, or other data relative to disposal systems or any part
             141      of disposal systems;


             142          (ii) issue construction or operating permits for the installation or modification of
             143      treatment works or any parts of the treatment works; and
             144          (iii) delegate the authority to issue an operating permit to a local health department;
             145          (i) after public notice and opportunity for a public hearing, issue, continue in effect,
             146      revoke, modify, or deny discharge permits under reasonable conditions the board may prescribe
             147      to:
             148          (i) control the management of sewage sludge; or
             149          (ii) prevent or control the discharge of pollutants, including effluent limitations for the
             150      discharge of wastes into the waters of the state;
             151          (j) give reasonable consideration in the exercise of its powers and duties to the
             152      economic impact of water pollution control on industry and agriculture;
             153          (k) exercise all incidental powers necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter,
             154      including delegation to the department of its duties as appropriate to improve administrative
             155      efficiency;
             156          (l) meet the requirements of federal law related to water pollution;
             157          (m) establish and conduct a continuing planning process for control of water pollution
             158      including the specification and implementation of maximum daily loads of pollutants;
             159          (n) make rules governing inspection, monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting
             160      requirements for underground injections and require permits for them, to protect drinking water
             161      sources, except for wells, pits, and ponds covered by Section 40-6-5 regarding gas and oil,
             162      recognizing that underground injection endangers drinking water sources if:
             163          (i) injection may result in the presence of any contaminant in underground water that
             164      supplies or can reasonably be expected to supply any public water system, as defined in Section
             165      19-4-102 ; and
             166          (ii) the presence of the contaminant may:
             167          (A) result in the public water system not complying with any national primary drinking
             168      water standards; or
             169          (B) otherwise adversely affect the health of persons;


             170          (o) make rules governing sewage sludge management, including permitting, inspecting,
             171      monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements;
             172          (p) adopt and enforce rules and establish fees to cover the costs of testing for
             173      certification of operators of treatment works and sewerage systems operated by political
             174      subdivisions;
             175          (q) notwithstanding the provisions of Section 19-4-112 , make rules governing design
             176      and construction of irrigation systems that:
             177          (i) convey sewage treatment facility effluent of human origin in pipelines under
             178      pressure, unless contained in surface pipes wholly on private property and for agricultural
             179      purposes; and
             180          (ii) are constructed after May 4, 1998; [and]
             181          (r) (i) approve, approve in part, approve with conditions, or deny, in writing, an
             182      application for water reuse under Title 73, Chapter 3c, Wastewater Reuse Act; [and]
             183          (ii) issue an operating permit for water reuse under Title 73, Chapter 3c, Wastewater
             184      Reuse Act[.]; and
             185          (s) (i) review all total daily maximum load reports and recommendations for water
             186      quality end points and implementation strategies developed by the division before submission
             187      of the report, recommendation, or implementation strategy to the EPA;
             188          (ii) disapprove, approve, or approve with conditions all staff total daily maximum load
             189      recommendations; and
             190          (iii) provide suggestions for further consideration to the Division of Water Quality in
             191      the event a total daily maximum load strategy is rejected.
             192          (2) In performing the duties listed in Subsection (1), the board shall give priority to
             193      pollution that results in a hazard to the public health.
             194          (3) The board shall take into consideration the availability of federal grants:
             195          (a) in determining eligible project costs; and
             196          (b) in establishing priorities pursuant to Subsection (1)(f)(i).
             197          (4) In establishing certification rules under Subsection (1)(p), the board shall:


             198          (a) base the requirements for certification on the size, treatment process type, and
             199      complexity of the treatment works and sewerage systems operated by political subdivisions;
             200          (b) allow operators until three years after the date of adoption of the rules to obtain
             201      initial certification;
             202          (c) allow a new operator one year from the date the operator is hired by a treatment
             203      plant or sewerage system or three years after the date of adoption of the rules, whichever occurs
             204      later, to obtain certification;
             205          (d) issue certification upon application and without testing, at a grade level comparable
             206      to the grade of current certification to operators who are currently certified under the voluntary
             207      certification plan for wastewater works operators as recognized by the board; and
             208          (e) issue a certification upon application and without testing that is valid only at the
             209      treatment works or sewerage system where that operator is currently employed if the operator:
             210          (i) is in charge of and responsible for the treatment works or sewerage system on
             211      March 16, 1991;
             212          (ii) has been employed at least 10 years in the operation of that treatment works or
             213      sewerage system prior to March 16, 1991; and
             214          (iii) demonstrates to the board the operator's capability to operate the treatment works
             215      or sewerage system at which the operator is currently employed by providing employment
             216      history and references as required by the board.
             217          Section 3. Section 19-5-104.5 is enacted to read:
             218          19-5-104.5. Legislative approval.
             219          (1) Before sending a board-approved report, strategy, or recommendation that will
             220      recommend a total maximum daily load end point and implementation strategy to the EPA for
             221      review and approval, the Water Quality Board shall submit the report, strategy, or
             222      recommendation:
             223          (a) for review to the Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Environment Interim
             224      Committee if the report, strategy, or recommendation will require a public or private
             225      expenditure in excess of $10,000,000 but less than $100,000,000 for compliance; or


             226          (b) for approval to the Legislature if the strategy will require a public or private
             227      expenditure of $100,000,000 or more.
             228          (2) In reviewing a report, strategy, or recommendation, the Natural Resources,
             229      Agriculture, and Environment Interim Committee may:
             230          (a) suggest additional areas of consideration; or
             231          (b) recommend the report, strategy, or recommendation be re-evaluated by the Water
             232      Quality Board.
             233          Section 4. Effective date.
             234          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2012.


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