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[Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

Third Substitute H.B. 46

Senator J. Stuart Adams proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
COUNTY RECORDER AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: R. Curt Webb

             5     
Senate Sponsor: J. Stuart Adams

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies provisions related to the duties of a county recorder and recording
             10      requirements.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    modifies provisions related to records and indexes;
             14          .    modifies provisions related to judgments affecting real estate;
             15          .    modifies provisions related to legal description and notarization requirements for a
             16      recorded document;
             17          .    modifies provisions related to the recording of a release, assignment, renewal, or
             18      extension of a judgment lien;
             19          .    modifies provisions related to the creation of a joint tenancy;
             20          .    modifies provisions related to a boundary line agreement operating as a quitclaim
             21      deed;
             22          .    modifies provisions related to information included in a document conveying title to
             23      real property;
             24          .    modifies provisions related to notarization of a judgment, abstract of judgment, or
             25      information statement; and


             26          .    makes technical corrections.
             27      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             28          None
             29      Other Special Clauses:
             30          None
             31      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             32      AMENDS:
             33          17-21-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 381
             34          17-21-10, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 85
             35          17-21-20, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 381
             36          38-5-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 370
             37          57-1-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 381
             38          57-1-13, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 75
             39          57-1-45, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 241
             40          57-3-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 97
             41          57-3-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 381
             42          78B-5-201, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             43          78B-5-202, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             44          78B-5-408, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             45     
             46      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             47          Section 1. Section 17-21-6 is amended to read:
             48           17-21-6. General duties of recorder -- Records and indexes.
             49          (1) Each recorder shall:
             50          (a) keep an entry record, in which the recorder shall, upon acceptance and recording of
             51      any instrument, enter the instrument in the order of its recording, the names of the parties to the
             52      instrument, its date, the hour, the day of the month and the year of recording, and a brief
             53      description, and endorse upon each instrument a number corresponding with the number of the
             54      entry;
             55          (b) keep a grantors' index, in which the recorder shall index deeds and final judgments
             56      or decrees partitioning or affecting the title to or possession of real property, which shall show


             57      the entry number of the instrument, the name of each grantor in alphabetical order, the name of
             58      the grantee, the date of the instrument, the time of recording, the kind of instrument, the book
             59      and page, and a brief description;
             60          (c) keep a grantees' index, in which the recorder shall index deeds and final judgments
             61      or decrees partitioning or affecting the title to or possession of real property, which shall show
             62      the entry number of the instrument, the name of each grantee in alphabetical order, the name of
             63      the grantor, the date of the instrument, the time of recording, the kind of instrument, the book
             64      and page, and a brief description;
             65          (d) keep a mortgagors' index, in which the recorder shall enter all mortgages, deeds of
             66      trust, liens, and other instruments in the nature of an encumbrance upon real estate, which shall
             67      show the entry number of the instrument, the name of each mortgagor, debtor, or person
             68      charged with the encumbrance in alphabetical order, the name of the mortgagee, lien holder,
             69      creditor, or claimant, the date of the instrument, the time of recording, the instrument,
             70      consideration, the book and page, and a brief description;
             71          (e) keep a mortgagees' index, in which the recorder shall enter all mortgages, deeds of
             72      trust, liens, and other instruments in the nature of an encumbrance upon real estate, which shall
             73      show the entry number of the instrument, the name of each mortgagee, lien holder, creditor, or
             74      claimant, in alphabetical order, the name of the mortgagor or person charged with the
             75      encumbrance, the date of the instrument, the time of recording, the kind of instrument, the
             76      consideration, the book and page, and a brief description;
             77          (f) subject to Subsection (3), keep a tract index, which shall show by description every
             78      instrument recorded, the date and the kind of instrument, the time of recording, and the book
             79      and page and entry number;
             80          (g) keep an index of recorded maps, plats, and subdivisions;
             81          (h) keep an index of powers of attorney showing the date and time of recording, the
             82      book, the page, and the entry number;
             83          (i) keep a miscellaneous index, in which the recorder shall enter all instruments of a
             84      miscellaneous character not otherwise provided for in this section, showing the date of
             85      recording, the book, the page, the entry number, the kind of instrument, from, to, and the
             86      parties;
             87          (j) keep an index of judgments showing the judgment debtors, the judgment creditors,


             88      the amount of judgment, the date and time of recording, the satisfaction, and the book, the
             89      page, and the entry number; and
             90          (k) keep a general recording index in which the recorder shall index all executions and
             91      writs of attachment, and any other instruments not required by law to be spread upon the
             92      records, and in separate columns the recorder shall enter the names of the plaintiffs in the
             93      execution and the names of the defendants in the execution.
             94          (2) The recorder shall alphabetically arrange the indexes required by this section and
             95      keep a reverse index.
             96          (3) (a) The tract index required by Subsection (1)(f) shall be kept so that it shows a true
             97      chain of title to each tract or parcel, together with each encumbrance on the tract or parcel,
             98      according to the records of the office.
             99          (b) A recorder shall abstract an instrument in the tract index unless:
             100          (i) the instrument is required to contain a legal description under Section 17-21-20 or
             101      Section 57-3-105 and does not contain that legal description; or
             102          (ii) the instrument contains errors, omissions, or defects to the extent that the tract or
             103      parcel to which the instrument relates cannot be determined.
             104          (c) If a recorder abstracts an instrument in the tract index or another index required by
             105      this section, the recorder may:
             106          (i) use a tax parcel number;
             107          (ii) use a site address;
             108          (iii) reference to other instruments of record recited on the instrument; or
             109          (iv) reference another instrument that is recorded concurrently with the instrument.
             110          (d) A recorder is not required to go beyond the face of an instrument to determine the
             111      tract or parcel to which an instrument may relate.
             112          (e) A person may not bring an action against a recorder for injuries or damages
             113      suffered as a result of information contained in an instrument recorded in a tract index or other
             114      index that is required by this section despite errors, omissions, or defects in the instrument.
             115          (f) The fact that a recorded instrument described in Subsection (3)(e) is included in the
             116      tract index does not cure a failure to give public notice caused by an error, omission, or defect.
             117          (g) A document that is indexed in all or part of the indexes required by this section
             118      shall give constructive notice.


             119          (4) Nothing in this section prevents the recorder from using a single name index if that
             120      index includes all of the indexes required by this section.
             121          Section 2. Section 17-21-10 is amended to read:
             122           17-21-10. Judgments affecting real estate.
             123          [The recorder] (1) A county recorder shall record for real property, any part of which is
             124      located in the county:
             125          (a) a judgment affecting the real [estate] property;
             126          (b) a release, assignment, renewal, or extension of a judgment lien affecting the real
             127      property; or
             128          (c) a certified [copies of final judgments or decrees] copy of a final judgment or decree
             129      partitioning or affecting the title or possession of the real property [any part of which is located
             130      in the county].
             131          (2) A document recorded in accordance with this section is subject to the requirements
             132      of Section 57-3-106 .
             133          Section 3. Section 17-21-20 is amended to read:
             134           17-21-20. Recording required -- Recorder may impose requirements on
             135      documents to be recorded -- Prerequisites -- Additional fee for noncomplying documents
             136      -- Recorder may require tax serial number -- Exceptions -- Requirements for recording
             137      final local entity plat.
             138          (1) Subject to Subsections (2), (3), and (4), each paper, notice, and instrument required
             139      by law to be recorded in the office of the county recorder shall be recorded unless otherwise
             140      provided.
             141          (2) Each document executed on or after July 1, 2007, that is submitted for recording to
             142      a county recorder's office shall:
             143          (a) unless otherwise provided by law, be an original or certified copy of the document;
             144          (b) be in English or be accompanied by an accurate English translation of the
             145      document;
             146          (c) contain a brief title, heading, or caption on the first page stating the nature of the
             147      document;
             148          (d) except as otherwise provided by statute, contain the legal description of the
             149      property that is the subject of the document;


             150          (e) comply with the requirements of Section 17-21-25 and Subsections 57-3-105 (1)
             151      and (2);
             152          (f) except as otherwise provided by statute, be notarized with the notary stamp with the
             153      seal legible; and
             154          (g) have original signatures.
             155          (3) (a) Beginning September 1, 2007, a county recorder may require that each paper,
             156      notice, and instrument submitted for recording in the county recorder's office:
             157          (i) be on white paper that is 8-1/2 inches by 11 inches in size;
             158          (ii) have a margin of one inch on the left and right sides and at the bottom of each
             159      page;
             160          (iii) have a space of 2-1/2 inches down and 4-1/2 inches across the upper right corner
             161      of the first page and a margin of one inch at the top of each succeeding page;
             162          (iv) not be on sheets of paper that are continuously bound together at the side, top, or
             163      bottom;
             164          (v) not contain printed material on more than one side of each page;
             165          (vi) be printed in black ink and not have text smaller than seven lines of text per
             166      vertical inch; and
             167          (vii) be sufficiently legible to make certified copies.
             168          (b) A county recorder who intends to establish requirements under Subsection (3)(a)
             169      shall first:
             170          (i) provide formal notice of the requirements; and
             171          (ii) establish and publish an effective date for the requirements that is at least three
             172      months after the formal notice under Subsection (3)(b)(i).
             173          (c) If a county recorder establishes requirements under this Subsection (3), the county
             174      recorder may charge and collect from persons who submit a document for recording that does
             175      not comply with the requirements, in addition to any other fee that the county recorder is
             176      authorized to charge and collect, a fee that:
             177          (i) is calculated to recover the additional cost of handling and recording noncomplying
             178      documents; and
             179          (ii) may not exceed $2 per page.
             180          (4) (a) To facilitate the abstracting of an instrument, a county recorder may require that


             181      the applicable tax serial number of each parcel described in the instrument be noted on the
             182      instrument before it may be accepted for recording.
             183          (b) If a county recorder requires the applicable tax serial number to be on an instrument
             184      before it may be recorded:
             185          (i) the county recorder shall post a notice of that requirement in a conspicuous place at
             186      the recorder's office;
             187          (ii) the tax serial number may not be considered to be part of the legal description and
             188      may be indicated on the margin of the instrument; and
             189          (iii) an error in the tax serial number does not affect the validity of the instrument or
             190      effectiveness of the recording.
             191          (5) Subsections (2), (3), and (4) do not apply to:
             192          (a) a map;
             193          (b) a certificate or affidavit of death;
             194          (c) a military discharge;
             195          (d) a document regarding taxes that is issued by the Internal Revenue Service of the
             196      United States Department of the Treasury;
             197          (e) a document submitted for recording that has been filed with a court and conforms to
             198      the formatting requirements established by the court; or
             199          (f) a document submitted for recording that is in a form required by law.
             200          (6) (a) As used in this Subsection (6):
             201          (i) "Boundary action" has the same meaning as defined in Section 17-23-20 .
             202          (ii) "Local entity" has the same meaning as defined in Section 67-1a-6.5 .
             203          (b) A person may not submit to a county recorder for recording a plat depicting the
             204      boundary of a local entity as the boundary exists as a result of a boundary action, unless:
             205          (i) the plat has been approved under Section 17-23-20 by the county surveyor as a final
             206      local entity plat, as defined in Section 17-23-20 ; and
             207          (ii) the person also submits for recording:
             208          (A) the original notice of an impending boundary action, as defined in Section
             209      67-1a-6.5 , for the boundary action for which the plat is submitted for recording; [and]
             210          (B) the original applicable certificate, as defined in Section 67-1a-6.5 , issued by the
             211      lieutenant governor under Section 67-1a-6.5 for the boundary action for which the plat is


             212      submitted for recording; and
             213          (C) each other document required by statute to be submitted for recording with the
             214      notice of an impending boundary action and applicable certificate.
             215          (c) Promptly after recording the documents described in Subsection (6)(b) relating to a
             216      boundary action, but no later than 10 days after recording, the county recorder shall send a copy
             217      of all those documents to the State Tax Commission.
             218          Section 4. Section 38-5-1 is amended to read:
             219           38-5-1. Filing with clerk of district court -- Recording with county recorder --
             220      Effect.
             221          (1) [Transcripts of judgments or decrees] (a) A person may file in the office of the
             222      clerk of a state district court a transcript of a judgment or decree rendered in the district court
             223      of the United States within the state [may be filed in the office of the clerk of the state district
             224      court of any county in this state, and when so filed, such judgments or decrees shall have].
             225          (b) A decree or judgment filed in accordance with Subsection (1)(a) has the same force
             226      and effect as a judgment rendered in a state district court [of this state in and for such county].
             227          (2) Except as provided in Subsection (3), if a person records a judgment or an abstract
             228      of judgment or decree under Subsection (1) [is recorded] in the office of the county recorder,
             229      that judgment or decree becomes a lien [on the real property of the judgment debtor in that
             230      county owned or acquired during the time the judgment is effective] in accordance with Section
             231      78B-5-202 .
             232          (3) [State agencies are] A state agency is exempt from the recording requirement of
             233      Subsection (2).
             234          (4) (a) To release, assign, renew, or extend a lien created by a judgment recorded in the
             235      office of a county recorder, a person shall, in the office of the county recorder of each county in
             236      which an instrument creating the lien is recorded, record a document releasing, assigning,
             237      renewing, or extending the lien.
             238          (b) The document described in Subsection (4)(a) shall include:
             239          (i) the date of the release, assignment, renewal, or extension;
             240          (ii) the name of any judgment creditor, debtor, assignor, or assignee; and
             241          (iii) for the county in which the document is recorded in accordance with Subsection
             242      (4)(a):


             243          (A) the date on which the instrument creating the lien was recorded in that county's
             244      office of the county recorder; and
             245          (B) in accordance with Section 57-3-106 , that county recorder's entry number and book
             246      and page of the recorded instrument creating the judgment lien.
             247          Section 5. Section 57-1-5 is amended to read:
             248           57-1-5. Creation of joint tenancy presumed -- Tenancy in common -- Severance of
             249      joint tenancy -- Tenants by the entirety -- Tenants holding as community property.
             250          (1) (a) (i) Beginning on May 5, 1997, every ownership interest in real estate granted to
             251      two persons in their own right who are designated as husband and wife in the granting
             252      documents is presumed to be a joint tenancy interest with rights of survivorship, unless
             253      severed, converted, or expressly declared in the grant to be otherwise.
             254          (ii) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(a)(iii), joint tenancy may be established
             255      between two or more people.
             256          (iii) Joint tenancy may not be established between a person and an entity or
             257      organization, including:
             258          (A) a corporation;
             259          (B) a trustee of a trust; or
             260          (C) a partnership.
             261          (iv) Joint tenancy may not be established between an entity or organization and another
             262      entity or organization.
             263          (b) Every ownership interest in real estate that does not qualify for the joint tenancy
             264      presumption as provided in Subsection (1)(a) is presumed to be a tenancy in common interest
             265      unless expressly declared in the grant to be otherwise.
             266          (2) (a) Use of words "joint tenancy" or "with rights of survivorship" or "and to the
             267      survivor of them" or words of similar import means a joint tenancy.
             268          (b) (i) Use of words "tenancy in common" or "with no rights of survivorship" or
             269      "undivided interest" or words of similar import declare a tenancy in common.
             270          (ii) Use of words "and/or" in the context of an ownership interest declare a tenancy in
             271      common unless accompanied by joint tenancy language described in Subsection (2)(a), which
             272      creates a joint tenancy.
             273          (3) A [sole owner of] person who owns real property creates a joint tenancy in himself


             274      or herself and another or others:
             275          (a) by making a transfer to himself or herself and another or others as joint tenants by
             276      use of the words as provided in Subsection (2)(a); or
             277          (b) by conveying to another person or persons an interest in land in which an interest is
             278      retained by the grantor and by declaring the creation of a joint tenancy by use of the words as
             279      provided in Subsection (2)(a).
             280          (4) In all cases, the interest of joint tenants shall be equal and undivided.
             281          (5) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (5)(b), if a joint tenant makes a bona fide
             282      conveyance of the joint tenant's interest in property held in joint tenancy to himself or herself or
             283      another, the joint tenancy is severed and converted into a tenancy in common.
             284          (b) If there is more than one joint tenant remaining after a joint tenant severs a joint
             285      tenancy under Subsection (5)(a), the remaining joint tenants continue to hold their interest in
             286      joint tenancy.
             287          (6) The amendments to this section in Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 124, have no
             288      retrospective operation and shall govern instruments executed and recorded on or after May 5,
             289      1997.
             290          (7) Tenants by the entirety are considered to be joint tenants.
             291          (8) Tenants holding title as community property are considered to be joint tenants.
             292          Section 6. Section 57-1-13 is amended to read:
             293           57-1-13. Form of quitclaim deed -- Effect.
             294          [Conveyances] (1) A conveyance of land may also be substantially in the following
             295      form:
             296     
"QUITCLAIM DEED

             297          ____ (here insert name), grantor, of ____ (insert place of residence), hereby quitclaims
             298      to ____ (insert name), grantee, of ____ (here insert place of residence), for the sum of ____
             299      dollars, the following described tract ____ of land in ____ County, Utah, to wit: (here describe
             300      the premises).
             301          Witness the hand of said grantor this __________(month\day\year).
             302          A quitclaim deed when executed as required by law shall have the effect of a
             303      conveyance of all right, title, interest, and estate of the grantor in and to the premises therein
             304      described and all rights, privileges, and appurtenances thereunto belonging, at the date of the


             305      conveyance."
             306          (2) For a boundary line agreement operating as a quitclaim deed as described in
             307      Section 57-1-45 , the boundary line agreement shall include, in addition to a legal description of
             308      the agreed upon boundary line:
             309          (a) the signature of each grantor;
             310          (b) a sufficient acknowledgment for each grantor's signature; and
             311          (c) the address of each grantee for assessment purposes.
             312          Section 7. Section 57-1-45 is amended to read:
             313           57-1-45. Boundary line agreements.
             314          (1) If properly executed and acknowledged as required under this chapter, an
             315      agreement between property owners designating the boundary line between their properties,
             316      when recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property is located, shall
             317      act as a quitclaim deed and convey all of each party's right, title, interest, and estate in property
             318      outside the agreed boundary line that had been the subject of the boundary dispute that led to
             319      the boundary line agreement.
             320          (2) [Each] A boundary line agreement [under] described in Subsection (1) shall
             321      [contain] include:
             322          (a) a legal description of the [land conveyed] agreed upon boundary line;
             323          (b) the signature of each grantor;
             324          (c) a sufficient acknowledgment for each grantor's signature; and
             325          (d) the address of each grantee for assessment purposes.
             326          Section 8. Section 57-3-105 is amended to read:
             327           57-3-105. Legal description of real property and names and addresses required in
             328      documents.
             329          (1) Except as otherwise provided by statute, a person may not present a document for
             330      recording unless the document complies with this section.
             331          (2) A document executed after July 1, 1983, is entitled to be recorded in the office of
             332      the recorder of the county in which the property described in the document is located only if the
             333      document contains a legal description of the real property.
             334          (3) (a) A document conveying title to real property presented for recording after July 1,
             335      1981, is entitled to be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property


             336      described in the document is located only if the document [contains the names and mailing
             337      addresses of the] names the grantees and recites a mailing address to be used for assessment
             338      and taxation in addition to the legal description required under Subsection (2).
             339          (b) The address of the management committee may be used as the mailing address of a
             340      grantee as required in Subsection (3)(a) if the interest conveyed is a timeshare interest as
             341      defined by Section 57-19-2 .
             342          (4) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
             343      for recording if the document does not conform to this section.
             344          (5) Notwithstanding Subsections (2), (3), and (4), a master form, as defined in Section
             345      57-3-201 , that does not meet the requirements of Subsections (2) and (3) is entitled to be
             346      recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property described in the
             347      master form is located if it complies with Part 2, Master Mortgage and Trust Deeds.
             348          Section 9. Section 57-3-106 is amended to read:
             349           57-3-106. Original documents required -- Captions -- Legibility.
             350          (1) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
             351      for recording if the document does not comply with this section.
             352          (2) (a) Unless otherwise provided, a document presented for recording in the office of
             353      the county recorder shall:
             354          (i) be an original;
             355          (ii) contain a brief caption on the first page of the document stating the nature of the
             356      document; and
             357          (iii) contain a legal description of the property as required under Section 57-3-105 .
             358          (b) If a document is a master form, as defined in Section 57-3-201 , the caption required
             359      by Subsection (2)(a)(ii) shall state that the document is a master form.
             360          (3) A court judgment or an abstract of a court judgment presented for recording in the
             361      office of the county recorder in compliance with Section 78B-5-202 shall:
             362          (a) be an original or certified copy; and
             363          (b) include the information identifying the judgment debtor as referred to in Subsection
             364      78B-5-201 (4) either:
             365          (i) in the judgment or abstract of judgment; or
             366          (ii) as a separate information statement of the judgment creditor as referred to in


             367      Subsection 78B-5-201 (5).
             368          (4) A judgment, abstract of judgment, [and] or separate information statement of the
             369      judgment creditor does not require an acknowledgment [or], a legal description, or notarization
             370      to be recorded.
             371          (5) A foreign judgment or an abstract of a foreign judgment recorded in the office of a
             372      county recorder shall include the affidavit as required in Section 78B-5-303 .
             373          (6) Any document recorded in the office of the county recorder to release [or], assign,
             374      renew, or extend a judgment lien shall include:
             375          (a) the name of any judgment creditor, debtor, assignor, or assignee;
             376          [(b) the date of recording; and]
             377          [(c) the entry number of the instrument creating the judgment lien.]
             378          (b) the date on which the instrument creating the lien was recorded in the office of the
             379      county recorder;
             380          (c) the entry number and book and page of the recorded instrument creating the
             381      judgment lien; and
             382          (d) the date on which the document is recorded.
             383          (7) A document presented for recording shall be sufficiently legible for the recorder to
             384      make certified copies of the document.
             385          (8) (a) (i) A document that is of record in the office of the appropriate county recorder
             386      in compliance with this chapter may not be recorded again in that same county recorder's office
             387      unless the original document has been reexecuted by all parties who executed the document.
             388          (ii) Unless exempt by statute, an original document that is reexecuted shall contain the
             389      appropriate acknowledgment, proof of execution, jurat, or other notarial certification for all
             390      parties who are reexecuting the document as required by Title 46, Chapter 1, Notaries Public
             391      Reform Act, and Title 57, Chapter 2, Acknowledgments.
             392          (iii) A document submitted for rerecording shall contain a brief statement explaining
             393      the reason for rerecording.
             394          (b) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
             395      for rerecording if that document does not conform to this section.
             396          (c) This Subsection (8) applies only to documents executed after July 1, 1998.
             397          (9) Minor typographical or clerical errors in a document of record may be corrected by


             398      the recording of an affidavit or other appropriate instrument.
             399          (10) (a) Except as required by federal law, or by agreement between a borrower under
             400      the trust deed and a grantee under the trustee's deed, and subject to Subsection (10)(b), neither
             401      the recordation of an affidavit under Subsection (9) nor the reexecution and rerecording of a
             402      document under Subsection (8):
             403          (i) divests a grantee of any real property interest;
             404          (ii) alters an interest in real property; or
             405          (iii) returns to the grantor an interest in real property conveyed by statute.
             406          (b) A person who reexecutes and rerecords a document under Subsection (8), or
             407      records an affidavit under Subsection (9), shall include with the document or affidavit a notice
             408      containing the name and address to which real property valuation and tax notices shall be
             409      mailed.
             410          Section 10. Section 78B-5-201 is amended to read:
             411           78B-5-201. Definitions -- Judgment recorded in Registry of Judgments.
             412          (1) For purposes of this part, "Registry of Judgments" means the index where a
             413      judgment is filed and searchable by the name of the judgment debtor through electronic means
             414      or by tangible document.
             415          (2) On or after July 1, 1997, a judgment entered in a district court does not create a lien
             416      upon or affect the title to real property unless the judgment is filed in the Registry of Judgments
             417      of the office of the clerk of the district court of the county in which the property is located.
             418          (3) (a) On or after July 1, 2002, except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), a judgment
             419      entered in a district court does not create a lien upon or affect the title to real property unless
             420      the judgment or an abstract of judgment is recorded in the office of the county recorder in
             421      which the real property of the judgment debtor is located.
             422          (b) State agencies are exempt from the recording requirement of Subsection (3)(a).
             423          (4) In addition to the requirements of Subsections (2) and (3)(a), any judgment that is
             424      filed in the Registry of Judgments on or after September 1, 1998, or any judgment or abstract
             425      of judgment that is recorded in the office of a county recorder after July 1, 2002, shall include:
             426          (a) the information identifying the judgment debtor on the judgment or abstract of
             427      judgment; or
             428          (b) a copy of the separate information statement of the judgment creditor that contains:


             429          (i) the correct name and last-known address of each judgment debtor and the address at
             430      which each judgment debtor received service of process;
             431          (ii) the name and address of the judgment creditor;
             432          (iii) the amount of the judgment as filed in the Registry of Judgments;
             433          (iv) if known, the judgment debtor's Social Security number, date of birth, and driver's
             434      license number if a natural person; and
             435          (v) whether or not a stay of enforcement has been ordered by the court and the date the
             436      stay expires.
             437          (5) For the information required in Subsection (4), the judgment creditor shall:
             438          (a) provide the information on the separate information statement if known or available
             439      to the judgment creditor from its records, its attorney's records, or the court records in the
             440      action in which the judgement was entered; or
             441          (b) state on the separate information statement that the information is unknown or
             442      unavailable.
             443          (6) (a) Any judgment that requires payment of money and is entered in a district court
             444      on or after September 1, 1998, or any judgment or abstract of judgment recorded in the office
             445      of a county recorder after July 1, 2002, that does not include the debtor identifying information
             446      as required in Subsection (4) is not a lien until a separate information statement of the
             447      judgment creditor is recorded in the office of a county recorder in compliance with Subsections
             448      (4) and (5).
             449          (b) The separate information statement of the judgment creditor referred to in
             450      Subsection (6)(a) shall include:
             451          (i) the name of any judgment creditor, debtor, assignor, or assignee;
             452          [(ii) the date of recording; and]
             453          [(iii) the entry number of the original judgment or abstract of judgment.]
             454          (ii) the date on which the judgment was recorded in the office of the county recorder as
             455      described in Subsection (4); and
             456          (iii) the county recorder's entry number and book and page of the recorded judgment.
             457          (7) A judgment that requires payment of money recorded on or after September 1,
             458      1998, but prior to July 1, 2002, has as its priority the date of entry, except as to parties with
             459      actual or constructive knowledge of the judgment.


             460          (8) A judgment or notice of judgment wrongfully filed against real property is subject
             461      to Title 38, Chapter 9, Wrongful Liens and Wrongful Judgment Liens.
             462          (9) (a) To release, assign, renew, or extend a lien created by a judgment recorded in the
             463      office of a county recorder, a person shall, in the office of the county recorder of each county in
             464      which an instrument creating the lien is recorded, record a document releasing, assigning,
             465      renewing, or extending the lien.
             466          (b) The document described in Subsection (9)(a) shall include:
             467          (i) the date of the release, assignment, renewal, or extension;
             468          (ii) the name of any judgment creditor, debtor, assignor, or assignee; and
             469          (iii) for the county in which the document is recorded in accordance with Subsection
             470      (9)(a):
             471          (A) the date on which the instrument creating the lien was recorded in that county's
             472      office of the county recorder; and
             473          (B) in accordance with Section 57-3-106 , that county recorder's entry number and book
             474      and page of the recorded instrument creating the judgment lien.
             475          Section 11. Section 78B-5-202 is amended to read:
             476           78B-5-202. Duration of judgment -- Judgment as a lien upon real property --
             477      Abstract of judgment -- Small claims judgment not a lien -- Appeal of judgment -- Child
             478      support orders.
             479          (1) Judgments shall continue for eight years from the date of entry in a court unless
             480      previously satisfied or unless enforcement of the judgment is stayed in accordance with law.
             481          (2) Prior to July 1, 1997, except as limited by Subsections (4) and (5), the entry of
             482      judgment by a district court creates a lien upon the real property of the judgment debtor, not
             483      exempt from execution, owned or acquired during the existence of the judgment, located in the
             484      county in which the judgment is entered.
             485          (3) An abstract of judgment issued by the court in which the judgment is entered may
             486      be filed in any court of this state and shall have the same force and effect as a judgment entered
             487      in that court.
             488          (4) Prior to July 1, 1997, and after May 15, 1998, a judgment entered in the small
             489      claims division of any court may not qualify as a lien upon real property unless abstracted to
             490      the civil division of the district court and recorded in accordance with Subsection (3).


             491          (5) (a) If any judgment is appealed, upon deposit with the court where the notice of
             492      appeal is filed of cash or other security in a form and amount considered sufficient by the court
             493      that rendered the judgment to secure the full amount of the judgment, together with ongoing
             494      interest and any other anticipated damages or costs, including attorney fees and costs on appeal,
             495      the lien created by the judgment shall be terminated as provided in Subsection (5)(b).
             496          (b) Upon the deposit of sufficient security as provided in Subsection (5)(a), the court
             497      shall enter an order terminating the lien created by the judgment and granting the judgment
             498      creditor a perfected lien in the deposited security as of the date of the original judgment.
             499          (6) (a) A child support order or a sum certain judgment for past due support may be
             500      enforced:
             501          (i) within four years after the date the youngest child reaches majority; or
             502          (ii) eight years from the date of entry of the sum certain judgment entered by a tribunal.
             503          (b) The longer period of duration shall apply in every order.
             504          (c) A sum certain judgment may be renewed to extend the duration.
             505          (7) (a) After July 1, 2002, a judgment entered by a district court or a justice court in the
             506      state becomes a lien upon real property if:
             507          (i) the judgment or an abstract of the judgment containing the information identifying
             508      the judgment debtor as described in Subsection 78B-5-201 (4) is recorded in the office of the
             509      county recorder; or
             510          (ii) the judgment or an abstract of the judgment and a separate information statement of
             511      the judgment creditor as described in Subsection 78B-5-201 (5) is recorded in the office of the
             512      county recorder.
             513          (b) The judgment shall run from the date of entry by the district court or justice court.
             514          (c) The real property subject to the lien includes all the real property of the judgment
             515      debtor:
             516          (i) in the county in which the recording under Subsection (7)(a)(i) or (ii) occurs; and
             517          (ii) owned or acquired at any time by the judgment debtor during the time the judgment
             518      is effective.
             519          (d) State agencies are exempt from the recording requirement of Subsection (7)(a).
             520          (8) (a) A judgment referred to in Subsection (7) shall be entered under the name of the
             521      judgment debtor in the judgment index in the office of the county recorder as required in


             522      Section 17-21-6 .
             523          (b) A judgment containing a legal description shall also be abstracted in the appropriate
             524      tract index in the office of the county recorder.
             525          (9) (a) To release, assign, renew, or extend a lien created by a judgment recorded in the
             526      office of a county recorder, a person shall, in the office of the county recorder of each county in
             527      which an instrument creating the lien is recorded, record a document releasing, assigning,
             528      renewing, or extending the lien.
             529          (b) The document described in Subsection (9)(a) shall include:
             530          (i) the date of the release, assignment, renewal, or extension;
             531          (ii) the name of any judgment creditor, debtor, assignor, or assignee; and
             532          (iii) for the county in which the document is recorded in accordance with Subsection
             533      (9)(a):
             534          (A) the date on which the instrument creating the lien was recorded in that county's
             535      office of the county recorder; and
             536          (B) in accordance with Section 57-3-106 , that county recorder's entry number and book
             537      and page of the recorded instrument creating the judgment lien.
             538          Section 12. Section 78B-5-408 is amended to read:
             539           78B-5-408. Judgments and awards on foreign-money claims -- Time of money
             540      conversion -- Form of judgment.
             541          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (3), a judgment or arbitration award on a
             542      foreign-money claim must be stated in an amount of the money of the claim.
             543          (2) The judgment or award is payable in that foreign money or at the option of the
             544      debtor in the amount of United States dollars which will purchase that foreign money on the
             545      conversion date at a bank-offered spot rate.
             546          (3) Assessed costs must be entered in United States dollars.
             547          (4) Each payment in United States dollars must be accepted and credited on the
             548      judgment or award in the amount of the foreign money that could be purchased by the dollars at
             549      a bank-offered spot rate of exchange at or near the close of business on the conversion date for
             550      that payment.
             551          (5) Judgments or awards made in an action on both:
             552          (a) a defense, set-off, recoupment, or counterclaim; and


             553          (b) the adverse party's claim, must be netted by converting the money of the smaller
             554      into the money of the larger, and by subtracting the smaller from the larger, and must specify
             555      the rates of exchange used.
             556          (6) A judgment substantially in the following form complies with Subsection (1):
             557          IT IS ADJUDGED AND ORDERED that Defendant (insert name) pay to Plaintiff
             558      (insert name) the sum of (insert amount in the foreign money) plus interest on that sum at the
             559      rate of (insert rate - see Section 78B-5-410 ) percent a year or, at the option of the judgment
             560      debtor, the number of United States dollars as will purchase the (insert name of foreign money)
             561      with interest due, at a bank-offered spot rate at or near the close of business on the banking day
             562      next before the day of payment, together with assessed costs of (insert amount) United States
             563      dollars.
             564          (7) If a contract claim is of the type covered by Subsection 78B-5-406 (1) or (2), the
             565      judgment or award shall be entered for the amount of the money stated to measure the
             566      obligation to be paid in the money specified for payment or, at the option of the debtor, the
             567      number of United States dollars as will purchase the computed amount of the money of
             568      payment on the conversion date at a bank-offered spot rate.
             569          (8) A judgment shall be filed in the judgment docket and indexed in foreign money in
             570      the same manner, and shall have the same effect as a lien as other judgments. It may be
             571      discharged by payment.
             572          (9) A person shall record a judgment lien, or assignment, release, renewal, or extension
             573      of a judgment lien, in the county recorder's office in accordance with Sections 17-21-10 ,
             574      38-9-1 , 78B-5-201 , and 78B-5-202 .


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