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H.B. 232

             1     

DRUG PARAPHERNALIA DEFINITION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Evan J. Vickers

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Patricia W. Jones

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act regarding some exemptions for
             10      syringes used for a legitimate medical purpose.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides that a person may not be charged with possession or distribution of
             14      hypodermic syringes as drug paraphernalia if:
             15              .    at the time of sale or distribution the syringes are in a sterile package and are to
             16      be used for a legitimate medical purpose, including:
             17                  .    injection of prescription medications as prescribed by a practitioner; and
             18                  .    the prevention of disease transmission; or
             19              .    the syringe:
             20                  .    was previously used but is in a puncture resistant container; or
             21                  .    is unused and is in a sterile package.
             22      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:


             28          58-37a-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 295
             29          58-37a-4, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1981, Chapter 76
             30          58-37a-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 295
             31     
             32      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             33          Section 1. Section 58-37a-3 is amended to read:
             34           58-37a-3. "Drug paraphernalia" defined.
             35          As used in this chapter, "drug paraphernalia" means any equipment, product, or material
             36      used, or intended for use, to plant, propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest, manufacture, compound,
             37      convert, produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, package, repackage, store, contain, conceal,
             38      inject, ingest, inhale, or to otherwise introduce a controlled substance into the human body in
             39      violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act, and includes, but is not
             40      limited to:
             41          (1) kits used, or intended for use, in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, or
             42      harvesting any species of plant which is a controlled substance or from which a controlled
             43      substance can be derived;
             44          (2) kits used, or intended for use, in manufacturing, compounding, converting,
             45      producing, processing, or preparing a controlled substance;
             46          (3) isomerization devices used, or intended for use, to increase the potency of any
             47      species of plant which is a controlled substance;
             48          (4) testing equipment used, or intended for use, to identify or to analyze the strength,
             49      effectiveness, or purity of a controlled substance;
             50          (5) scales and balances used, or intended for use, in weighing or measuring a controlled
             51      substance;
             52          (6) diluents and adulterants, such as quinine hydrochloride, mannitol, mannited,
             53      dextrose and lactose, used, or intended for use to cut a controlled substance;
             54          (7) separation gins and sifters used, or intended for use to remove twigs, seeds, or other
             55      impurities from marihuana;
             56          (8) blenders, bowls, containers, spoons and mixing devices used, or intended for use to
             57      compound a controlled substance;
             58          (9) capsules, balloons, envelopes, and other containers used, or intended for use to


             59      package small quantities of a controlled substance;
             60          (10) containers and other objects used, or intended for use to store or conceal a
             61      controlled substance;
             62          (11) hypodermic syringes, needles, and other objects used, or intended for use to
             63      parenterally inject a controlled substance into the human body, except as provided in Section
             64      58-37a-5 ; and
             65          (12) objects used, or intended for use to ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce a
             66      controlled substance into the human body, including but not limited to:
             67          (a) metal, wooden, acrylic, glass, stone, plastic, or ceramic pipes with or without
             68      screens, permanent screens, hashish heads, or punctured metal bowls;
             69          (b) water pipes;
             70          (c) carburetion tubes and devices;
             71          (d) smoking and carburetion masks;
             72          (e) roach clips: meaning objects used to hold burning material, such as a marihuana
             73      cigarette, that has become too small or too short to be held in the hand;
             74          (f) miniature cocaine spoons and cocaine vials;
             75          (g) chamber pipes;
             76          (h) carburetor pipes;
             77          (i) electric pipes;
             78          (j) air-driven pipes;
             79          (k) chillums;
             80          (l) bongs; and
             81          (m) ice pipes or chillers.
             82          Section 2. Section 58-37a-4 is amended to read:
             83           58-37a-4. Considerations in determining whether object is drug paraphernalia.
             84          In determining whether an object is drug paraphernalia, the trier of fact, in addition to
             85      all other logically relevant factors, should consider:
             86          (1) statements by an owner or by anyone in control of the object concerning its use;
             87          (2) prior convictions, if any, of an owner, or of anyone in control of the object, under
             88      any state or federal law relating to a controlled substance;
             89          (3) the proximity of the object, in time and space, to a direct violation of this chapter;


             90          (4) the proximity of the object to a controlled substance;
             91          (5) the existence of any residue of a controlled substance on the object;
             92          (6) instructions whether oral or written, provided with the object concerning its use;
             93          (7) descriptive materials accompanying the object which explain or depict its use;
             94          (8) national and local advertising concerning its use;
             95          (9) the manner in which the object is displayed for sale;
             96          (10) whether the owner or anyone in control of the object is a legitimate supplier of
             97      like or related items to the community, such as a licensed distributor or dealer of tobacco
             98      products;
             99          (11) direct or circumstantial evidence of the ratio of sales of the object to the total sales
             100      of the business enterprise;
             101          (12) the existence and scope of legitimate uses of the object in the community; [and]
             102          (13) whether the object is subject to Section 58-37a-5 ; and
             103          [(13)] (14) expert testimony concerning its use.
             104          Section 3. Section 58-37a-5 is amended to read:
             105           58-37a-5. Unlawful acts.
             106          (1) (a) It is unlawful for any person to use, or to possess with intent to use, drug
             107      paraphernalia to plant, propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest, manufacture, compound, convert,
             108      produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, pack, repack, store, contain, conceal, inject, ingest,
             109      inhale or otherwise introduce a controlled substance into the human body in violation of this
             110      chapter.
             111          (b) Any person who violates [this] Subsection (1)(a) is guilty of a class B
             112      misdemeanor.
             113          (2) (a) It is unlawful for any person to deliver, possess with intent to deliver, or
             114      manufacture with intent to deliver, any drug paraphernalia, knowing that the drug paraphernalia
             115      will be used to plant, propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest, manufacture, compound, convert,
             116      produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, pack, repack, store, contain, conceal, inject, ingest,
             117      inhale, or otherwise introduce a controlled substance into the human body in violation of this
             118      act.
             119          (b) Any person who violates [this] Subsection (2)(a) is guilty of a class A
             120      misdemeanor.


             121          (3) Any person 18 years of age or [over] older who delivers drug paraphernalia to a
             122      person [under] younger than 18 years of age and who is three years or more younger than the
             123      person making the delivery is guilty of a third degree felony.
             124          (4) (a) It is unlawful for any person to place in this state in any newspaper, magazine,
             125      handbill, or other publication any advertisement, knowing that the purpose of the advertisement
             126      is to promote the sale of drug paraphernalia.
             127          (b) Any person who violates [this] Subsection (4)(a) is guilty of a class B
             128      misdemeanor.
             129          (5) A person may not be charged with possession or distribution of hypodermic
             130      syringes as drug paraphernalia if:
             131          (a) at the time of sale or distribution the syringes are in a sealed sterile package and are
             132      for a legitimate medical purpose, including:
             133          (i) injection of prescription medications as prescribed by a practitioner; or
             134          (ii) the prevention of disease transmission; or
             135          (b) the syringe:
             136          (i) was previously used but is in a puncture resistant container; or
             137          (ii) is unused and is in a sealed sterile package.
             138          [(5)] (6) A person may be charged and sentenced for a violation of this section,
             139      notwithstanding a charge and sentence for a violation of any other section of this chapter.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-21-11 1:10 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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