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H.B. 252

             1     

RAILROAD AND RAILROAD CROSSING AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Richard A. Greenwood

             5     
Senate Sponsor: John L. Valentine

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends provisions relating to railroads and railroad crossings.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    provides and amends definitions;
             13          .    prohibits an operator of a vehicle from making a U-turn or turning the vehicle to
             14      proceed in the opposite direction on a railroad track or railroad crossing grade;
             15          .    prohibits a pedestrian from entering or remaining within the area between a railroad
             16      track and a railroad sign while the sign or signal is active;
             17          .    provides that a person is guilty of criminal trespass on restricted railroad property if
             18      the person knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly enters or remains on restricted
             19      railroad property and provides penalties for criminally trespassing on restricted
             20      railroad property; and
             21          .    makes technical changes.
             22      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:


             28          41-6a-802, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             29          41-6a-1005, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             30          56-1-18.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 324
             31          76-6-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 193
             32      ENACTS:
             33          76-6-206.4, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34     
             35      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             36          Section 1. Section 41-6a-802 is amended to read:
             37           41-6a-802. Turning around -- Where prohibited -- Visibility.
             38          (1) As used in this section, "railroad crossing grade" means the area between the
             39      passive or active warning signs where a railroad track and roadway intersect.
             40          (2) The operator of a vehicle may not make a U-turn or turn the vehicle to proceed in
             41      the opposite direction:
             42          [(1)] (a) unless the movement can be made safely and without interfering with other
             43      traffic; [or]
             44          [(2)] (b) on any curve, or upon the approach to, or near the crest of a grade, if the
             45      vehicle is not visible at a distance of 500 feet by the operator of any other vehicle approaching
             46      from either direction[.]; or
             47          (c) on a railroad track or railroad crossing grade.
             48          Section 2. Section 41-6a-1005 is amended to read:
             49           41-6a-1005. Passing closed railroad or bridge gate or barrier prohibited.
             50          (1) A pedestrian may not pass through, around, over, under, or remain on a crossing
             51      gate or barrier at a railroad crossing or bridge while the gate or barrier is closed or is being
             52      opened or closed.
             53          (2) A pedestrian may not enter or remain within the area between a railroad track and a
             54      railroad sign or signal while the railroad sign or signal is active at the railroad train crossing.
             55          Section 3. Section 56-1-18.5 is amended to read:
             56           56-1-18.5. Railroad property -- Duty of care.
             57          [(1) A person may not ride or climb or attempt to ride or climb on, off, under, over, or
             58      across a railroad locomotive, car, or train.]


             59          [(2) A person may not walk, ride, or travel across, along, or upon railroad yards, tracks,
             60      bridges, or active rights-of-way at any location other than public crossings.]
             61          [(3) A person may not intentionally obstruct or interfere with train operations or use
             62      railroad property for recreational purposes.]
             63          [(4)] (1) (a) Except as provided under Subsection [(4)] (1)(b), an owner or operator of a
             64      railroad, including its officers, agents, and employees, owes no duty of care to keep railroad
             65      yards, tracks, bridges, or active rights-of-way safe for entry for [any person violating this
             66      section.] a person who:
             67          (i) rides or climbs or attempts to ride or climb on, off, under, over, or across a railroad
             68      locomotive, car, or train;
             69          (ii) walks, rides, or travels across, along, or upon railroad yards, tracks, bridges, or
             70      active rights-of-way at any location other than public crossings;
             71          (iii) intentionally obstructs or interferes with train operations or uses railroad property
             72      for recreational purposes; or
             73          (iv) otherwise criminally trespasses on railroad property in violation of Section
             74      76-6-206.4 .
             75          (b) The owner or operator of a railroad may not intentionally, willfully, or maliciously
             76      injure a person if the owner or operator has actual knowledge of the person's presence on the
             77      property.
             78          [(5)] (2) This section does not apply to a railroad employee, business invitee, or other
             79      person with express written or oral authorization to enter upon railroad property by the owner
             80      or operator of the railroad.
             81          [(6)] (3) This section does not modify any rights or duties of federal, state, county, or
             82      municipal officials in the performance of their duties.
             83          Section 4. Section 76-6-106 is amended to read:
             84           76-6-106. Criminal mischief.
             85          (1) As used in this section, "critical infrastructure" includes:
             86          (a) information and communication systems;
             87          (b) financial and banking systems;
             88          (c) any railroads, airlines, airports, airways, highways, bridges, waterways, or other
             89      transportation systems intended for the transportation of persons or property;


             90          (d) any public utility service, including the power, energy, and water supply systems;
             91          (e) sewage and water treatment systems;
             92          (f) health care facilities as listed in Section 26-21-2 , and emergency fire, medical, and
             93      law enforcement response systems;
             94          (g) public health facilities and systems;
             95          (h) food distribution systems; and
             96          (i) other government operations and services.
             97          (2) A person commits criminal mischief if the person:
             98          (a) under circumstances not amounting to arson, damages or destroys property with the
             99      intention of defrauding an insurer;
             100          (b) intentionally and unlawfully tampers with the property of another and as a result:
             101          (i) recklessly endangers:
             102          (A) human life; or
             103          (B) human health or safety; or
             104          (ii) recklessly causes or threatens a substantial interruption or impairment of any
             105      critical infrastructure;
             106          (c) intentionally damages, defaces, or destroys the property of another; or
             107          (d) recklessly or willfully shoots or propels a missile or other object at or against a
             108      motor vehicle, bus, airplane, boat, locomotive, train, railway car, or caboose, whether moving
             109      or standing.
             110          (3) (a) (i) A violation of Subsection (2)(a) is a third degree felony.
             111          (ii) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(i)(A) is a class A misdemeanor.
             112          (iii) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(i)(B) is a class B misdemeanor.
             113          (iv) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(ii) is a second degree felony.
             114          (b) Any other violation of this section is a:
             115          (i) second degree felony if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
             116      loss equal to or in excess of $5,000 in value;
             117          (ii) third degree felony if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
             118      loss equal to or in excess of $1,500 but is less than $5,000 in value;
             119          (iii) class A misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause
             120      pecuniary loss equal to or in excess of $500 but is less than $1,500 in value; and


             121          (iv) class B misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
             122      loss less than $500 in value.
             123          (4) In determining the value of damages under this section, or for computer crimes
             124      under Section 76-6-703 , the value of any item, computer, computer network, computer
             125      property, computer services, software, or data includes the measurable value of the loss of use
             126      of the items and the measurable cost to replace or restore the items.
             127          (5) In addition to any other penalty authorized by law, a court shall order any person
             128      convicted of any violation of this section to reimburse any federal, state, or local unit of
             129      government, or any private business, organization, individual, or entity for all expenses
             130      incurred in responding to a violation of Subsection (2)(b)(ii), unless the court states on the
             131      record the reasons why the reimbursement would be inappropriate.
             132          Section 5. Section 76-6-206.4 is enacted to read:
             133          76-6-206.4. Criminal trespass on restricted railroad property.
             134          (1) As used in this section:
             135          (a) "Ballast" means the rock that forms the bed for the railroad track and that supports
             136      the track infrastructure.
             137          (b) "Enter" means intrusion of the entire body.
             138          (c) "Restricted railroad property" means:
             139          (i) any railroad locomotive, car, train, track, ballast, bridge, building, or equipment; or
             140          (ii) any real property of a railroad as to which notice against entering is given by:
             141          (A) personal communication to the actor by someone with apparent authority to act for
             142      the railroad;
             143          (B) fencing or other enclosure obviously designed to exclude intruders; or
             144          (C) posting of signs reasonably likely to come to the attention of intruders.
             145          (2) A person is guilty of criminal trespass on restricted railroad property if, under
             146      circumstances not amounting to burglary as defined in Section 76-6-202 , 76-6-203 , or
             147      76-6-204 or a violation of Section 76-10-2402 regarding commercial obstruction, the person
             148      knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly enters or remains on restricted railroad property.
             149          (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), a violation of Subsection (2) is an
             150      infraction.
             151          (b) A violation of Subsection (2) is a class B misdemeanor if the person:


             152          (i) intends to interfere with railroad operations or cause annoyance or injury to any
             153      person or damage to any property, including the use of graffiti as defined in Section 76-6-107 ;
             154          (ii) intends to commit any crime, other than theft or a felony;
             155          (iii) is reckless as to whether the person's presence will cause fear for the safety of any
             156      person; or
             157          (iv) recklessly interferes with railroad operations.
             158          (4) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the person:
             159          (a) was present on the restricted property in the person's capacity as an employee,
             160      passenger, contractor, or invitee of the railroad; or
             161          (b) had permission to be on the restricted railroad property from a person with apparent
             162      authority to act for the railroad.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-30-10 10:25 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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