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[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

First Substitute S.B. 288

This document includes Senate Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Mar 2, 2011 at 9:05 AM by rday. -->

Senator Curtis S. Bramble proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
UTAH IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             5     
House Sponsor: ____________

             6     

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies general government provisions to address issues related to
             10      immigration and aliens.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    addresses the exemption from paying the instate portion of tuition;
             14          .    enacts the Utah Immigration Enforcement Act, including:
             15              .    defining terms;
             16              .    creating the Immigration Act Restricted Account;
             17              .    addressing information related to immigration status being sent, received, or
             18      maintained;
             19              .    requiring implementation to be consistent with federal laws, civil rights, and
             20      other constitutional protections;
             21              .    providing for severability of specified provisions;
             22              .    establishing the guest worker program;
             23              .    addressing federal waivers, exemptions, or authorizations;
             24              .    providing for coordination with other federal or state laws or programs,
             25      including income tax withholding and the imposition of a fee;



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             26
             .    providing for when a permit is to be obtained and the uses for a permit;
             27              .    addressing eligibility criteria to obtain or maintain a permit;
             28              .    establishing the application and renewal process;
             29              .    imposing conditions during permit term;
             30              .    addressing proficiency standards for English;
             31              .    addressing verification of permits and the protected status of information;
             32              .    addressing prohibited conduct;
             33              .    providing for administrative and criminal penalties;
             34              .    providing for sharing of information related to enforcement;
             35              .    addressing employee verification and employer sanctions for employing an
             36      unauthorized alien who does not hold a permit;
             37              .    consolidating provisions in various parts of the Utah Code into the chapter; and
             38              .    imposing additional requirements to verify lawful presence in the United States
             39      to receive certain public benefits;
             40          .    provides a repeal date for the Private Employer Verification Act;
             41          .    creates the Identity Theft Restricted Account from which victims of identity theft
             42      may be paid actual damages;
             43          .    enacts the Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act, including:
             44              .    defining terms;
             45              .    providing for when a law enforcement officer is required or permitted to request
             46      verification of immigration status;
             47              .    establishing what documents are to be provided a law enforcement officer; and
             48              .    requiring implementation to be consistent with federal law, civil rights, and
             49      other constitutional protections; and
             50          .    makes technical and conforming amendments.
             51      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             52          None
             53      Other Special Clauses:
             54          None
             55      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             56      AMENDS:



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             57
         53B-8-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 230
             58          63G-2-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 344
             59          63G-2-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 6, 113, and 247
             60          63J-1-602.4, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 265
             61          67-5-22.7, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 30
             62          76-10-2901, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 26
             63          77-7-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 293
             64      ENACTS:
             65          63G-12-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             66          63G-12-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             67          63G-12-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             68          63G-12-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69          63G-12-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             70          63G-12-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             71          63G-12-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             72          63G-12-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             73          63G-12-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             74          63G-12-204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             75          63G-12-205, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             76          63G-12-206, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             77          63G-12-207, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             78          63G-12-208, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             79          63G-12-209, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             80          63G-12-210, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             81          63G-12-211, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             82          63G-12-212, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             83          63G-12-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             84          63G-12-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             85          63G-12-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             86          63G-12-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             87          63G-12-306, Utah Code Annotated 1953



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             88
         63G-12-307, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             89          63I-2-173, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             90          76-9-1001, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             91          76-9-1002, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             92          76-9-1003, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             93          76-9-1004, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             94          76-9-1005, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             95      RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
             96          63G-12-302, (Renumbered from 63G-11-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009,
             97      Chapter 138)
             98          63G-12-401, (Renumbered from 63G-11-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010,
             99      Chapter 281)
             100          63G-12-402, (Renumbered from 63G-11-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010,
             101      Chapter 191)
             102     

             103      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             104          Section 1. Section 53B-8-106 is amended to read:
             105           53B-8-106. Resident tuition -- Requirements -- Rules.
             106          (1) If allowed under federal law, a student, other than a nonimmigrant alien within the
             107      meaning of paragraph (15) of subsection (a) of Section 1101 of Title 8 of the United States
             108      Code, shall be exempt from paying the nonresident portion of total tuition if the student:
             109          (a) attended high school in this state for three or more years;
             110          (b) graduated from a high school in this state or received the equivalent of a high
             111      school diploma in this state; and
             112          (c) registers as an entering student at an institution of higher education not earlier than
             113      the fall of the 2002-03 academic year.
             114          (2) In addition to the requirements under Subsection (1), a student without lawful
             115      immigration status shall file an affidavit with the institution of higher education stating that the
             116      student has filed an application to legalize [his] the student's immigration status, or will file an
             117      application as soon as [he] the student is eligible to do so.
             118          (3) The State Board of Regents shall make rules for the implementation of this section.



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             119
         (4) Nothing in this section limits the ability of institutions of higher education to assess
             120      nonresident tuition on students who do not meet the requirements under this section.
             121          (5) (a) Beginning on the program start date, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 , in
             122      addition to complying with Subsections (1) and (2), to be exempt from paying the nonresident
             123      portion of total tuition a student shall:
             124          (i) be the child of a person who holds a guest worker permit, as defined in Section
             125      63G-12-102 ; or
             126          (ii) hold a permit, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 .
             127          (b) If the day before the program start date a student is exempt from paying the
             128      nonresident portion of total tuition, but is not exempt under Subsection (5)(a), the student loses
             129      the exemption as of the first day of the term or semester immediately following the program
             130      start date.
             131          Section 2. Section 63G-2-206 is amended to read:
             132           63G-2-206. Sharing records.
             133          (1) A governmental entity may provide a record that is private, controlled, or protected
             134      to another governmental entity, a government-managed corporation, a political subdivision, the
             135      federal government, or another state if the requesting entity:
             136          (a) serves as a repository or archives for purposes of historical preservation,
             137      administrative maintenance, or destruction;
             138          (b) enforces, litigates, or investigates civil, criminal, or administrative law, and the
             139      record is necessary to a proceeding or investigation;
             140          (c) is authorized by state statute to conduct an audit and the record is needed for that
             141      purpose;
             142          (d) is one that collects information for presentence, probationary, or parole purposes; or
             143          (e) (i) is:
             144          (A) the Legislature;
             145          (B) a legislative committee;
             146          (C) a member of the Legislature; or
             147          (D) a legislative staff member acting at the request of the Legislature, a legislative
             148      committee, or a member of the Legislature; and
             149          (ii) requests the record in relation to the Legislature's duties including:



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         (A) the preparation or review of a legislative proposal or legislation;
             151          (B) appropriations; or
             152          (C) an investigation or review conducted by the Legislature or a legislative committee.
             153          (2) (a) A governmental entity may provide a private, controlled, or protected record or
             154      record series to another governmental entity, a political subdivision, a government-managed
             155      corporation, the federal government, or another state if the requesting entity provides written
             156      assurance:
             157          (i) that the record or record series is necessary to the performance of the governmental
             158      entity's duties and functions;
             159          (ii) that the record or record series will be used for a purpose similar to the purpose for
             160      which the information in the record or record series was collected or obtained; and
             161          (iii) that the use of the record or record series produces a public benefit that outweighs
             162      the individual privacy right that protects the record or record series.
             163          (b) A governmental entity may provide a private, controlled, or protected record or
             164      record series to a contractor or a private provider according to the requirements of Subsection
             165      (6)(b).
             166          (3) (a) A governmental entity shall provide a private, controlled, or protected record to
             167      another governmental entity, a political subdivision, a government-managed corporation, the
             168      federal government, or another state if the requesting entity:
             169          (i) is entitled by law to inspect the record;
             170          (ii) is required to inspect the record as a condition of participating in a state or federal
             171      program or for receiving state or federal funds; or
             172          (iii) is an entity described in Subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), or (e).
             173          (b) Subsection (3)(a)(iii) applies only if the record is a record described in Subsection
             174      63G-2-305 (4).
             175          (4) Before disclosing a record or record series under this section to another
             176      governmental entity, another state, the United States, a foreign government, or to a contractor
             177      or private provider, the originating governmental entity shall:
             178          (a) inform the recipient of the record's classification and the accompanying restrictions
             179      on access; and
             180          (b) if the recipient is not a governmental entity to which this chapter applies, obtain the



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     recipient's written agreement which may be by mechanical or electronic transmission that it
             182      will abide by those restrictions on access unless a statute, federal regulation, or interstate
             183      agreement otherwise governs the sharing of the record or record series.
             184          (5) A governmental entity may disclose a record to another state, the United States, or a
             185      foreign government for the reasons listed in Subsections (1) and (2) without complying with
             186      the procedures of Subsection (2) or (4) if disclosure is authorized by executive agreement,
             187      treaty, federal statute, compact, federal regulation, or state statute.
             188          (6) (a) Subject to Subsections (6)(b) and (c), an entity receiving a record under this
             189      section is subject to the same restrictions on disclosure of the record as the originating entity.
             190          (b) A contractor or a private provider may receive information under this section only
             191      if:
             192          (i) the contractor or private provider's use of the record or record series produces a
             193      public benefit that outweighs the individual privacy right that protects the record or record
             194      series;
             195          (ii) the record or record series it requests:
             196          (A) is necessary for the performance of a contract with a governmental entity;
             197          (B) will only be used for the performance of the contract with the governmental entity;
             198          (C) will not be disclosed to any other person; and
             199          (D) will not be used for advertising or solicitation purposes; and
             200          (iii) the contractor or private provider gives written assurance to the governmental
             201      entity that is providing the record or record series that it will adhere to the restrictions of this
             202      Subsection (6)(b).
             203          (c) The classification of a record already held by a governmental entity and the
             204      applicable restrictions on disclosure of that record are not affected by the governmental entity's
             205      receipt under this section of a record with a different classification that contains information
             206      that is also included in the previously held record.
             207          (7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if a more specific court rule or
             208      order, state statute, federal statute, or federal regulation prohibits or requires sharing
             209      information, that rule, order, statute, or federal regulation controls.
             210          (8) The following records may not be shared under this section:
             211          (a) records held by the Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining that pertain to any person and



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     that are gathered under authority of Title 40, Chapter 6, Board and Division of Oil, Gas, and
             213      Mining; [and]
             214          (b) records of publicly funded libraries as described in Subsection 63G-2-302 (1)(c)[.];
             215      and
             216          (c) a record described in Section 63G-12-210 .
             217          (9) Records that may evidence or relate to a violation of law may be disclosed to a
             218      government prosecutor, peace officer, or auditor.
             219          Section 3. Section 63G-2-305 is amended to read:
             220           63G-2-305. Protected records.
             221          The following records are protected if properly classified by a governmental entity:
             222          (1) trade secrets as defined in Section 13-24-2 if the person submitting the trade secret
             223      has provided the governmental entity with the information specified in Section 63G-2-309 ;
             224          (2) commercial information or nonindividual financial information obtained from a
             225      person if:
             226          (a) disclosure of the information could reasonably be expected to result in unfair
             227      competitive injury to the person submitting the information or would impair the ability of the
             228      governmental entity to obtain necessary information in the future;
             229          (b) the person submitting the information has a greater interest in prohibiting access
             230      than the public in obtaining access; and
             231          (c) the person submitting the information has provided the governmental entity with
             232      the information specified in Section 63G-2-309 ;
             233          (3) commercial or financial information acquired or prepared by a governmental entity
             234      to the extent that disclosure would lead to financial speculations in currencies, securities, or
             235      commodities that will interfere with a planned transaction by the governmental entity or cause
             236      substantial financial injury to the governmental entity or state economy;
             237          (4) records the disclosure of which could cause commercial injury to, or confer a
             238      competitive advantage upon a potential or actual competitor of, a commercial project entity as
             239      defined in Subsection 11-13-103 (4);
             240          (5) test questions and answers to be used in future license, certification, registration,
             241      employment, or academic examinations;
             242          (6) records the disclosure of which would impair governmental procurement



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     proceedings or give an unfair advantage to any person proposing to enter into a contract or
             244      agreement with a governmental entity, except, subject to Subsections (1) and (2), that this
             245      Subsection (6) does not restrict the right of a person to have access to, once the contract or
             246      grant has been awarded, a bid, proposal, or application submitted to or by a governmental
             247      entity in response to:
             248          (a) a request for bids;
             249          (b) a request for proposals;
             250          (c) a grant; or
             251          (d) other similar document;
             252          (7) records that would identify real property or the appraisal or estimated value of real
             253      or personal property, including intellectual property, under consideration for public acquisition
             254      before any rights to the property are acquired unless:
             255          (a) public interest in obtaining access to the information outweighs the governmental
             256      entity's need to acquire the property on the best terms possible;
             257          (b) the information has already been disclosed to persons not employed by or under a
             258      duty of confidentiality to the entity;
             259          (c) in the case of records that would identify property, potential sellers of the described
             260      property have already learned of the governmental entity's plans to acquire the property;
             261          (d) in the case of records that would identify the appraisal or estimated value of
             262      property, the potential sellers have already learned of the governmental entity's estimated value
             263      of the property; or
             264          (e) the property under consideration for public acquisition is a single family residence
             265      and the governmental entity seeking to acquire the property has initiated negotiations to acquire
             266      the property as required under Section 78B-6-505 ;
             267          (8) records prepared in contemplation of sale, exchange, lease, rental, or other
             268      compensated transaction of real or personal property including intellectual property, which, if
             269      disclosed prior to completion of the transaction, would reveal the appraisal or estimated value
             270      of the subject property, unless:
             271          (a) the public interest in access outweighs the interests in restricting access, including
             272      the governmental entity's interest in maximizing the financial benefit of the transaction; or
             273          (b) when prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity, appraisals or estimates of



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     the value of the subject property have already been disclosed to persons not employed by or
             275      under a duty of confidentiality to the entity;
             276          (9) records created or maintained for civil, criminal, or administrative enforcement
             277      purposes or audit purposes, or for discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes, if
             278      release of the records:
             279          (a) reasonably could be expected to interfere with investigations undertaken for
             280      enforcement, discipline, licensing, certification, or registration purposes;
             281          (b) reasonably could be expected to interfere with audits, disciplinary, or enforcement
             282      proceedings;
             283          (c) would create a danger of depriving a person of a right to a fair trial or impartial
             284      hearing;
             285          (d) reasonably could be expected to disclose the identity of a source who is not
             286      generally known outside of government and, in the case of a record compiled in the course of
             287      an investigation, disclose information furnished by a source not generally known outside of
             288      government if disclosure would compromise the source; or
             289          (e) reasonably could be expected to disclose investigative or audit techniques,
             290      procedures, policies, or orders not generally known outside of government if disclosure would
             291      interfere with enforcement or audit efforts;
             292          (10) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the life or safety of an
             293      individual;
             294          (11) records the disclosure of which would jeopardize the security of governmental
             295      property, governmental programs, or governmental recordkeeping systems from damage, theft,
             296      or other appropriation or use contrary to law or public policy;
             297          (12) records that, if disclosed, would jeopardize the security or safety of a correctional
             298      facility, or records relating to incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole, that would interfere
             299      with the control and supervision of an offender's incarceration, treatment, probation, or parole;
             300          (13) records that, if disclosed, would reveal recommendations made to the Board of
             301      Pardons and Parole by an employee of or contractor for the Department of Corrections, the
             302      Board of Pardons and Parole, or the Department of Human Services that are based on the
             303      employee's or contractor's supervision, diagnosis, or treatment of any person within the board's
             304      jurisdiction;



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         (14) records and audit workpapers that identify audit, collection, and operational
             306      procedures and methods used by the State Tax Commission, if disclosure would interfere with
             307      audits or collections;
             308          (15) records of a governmental audit agency relating to an ongoing or planned audit
             309      until the final audit is released;
             310          (16) records prepared by or on behalf of a governmental entity solely in anticipation of
             311      litigation that are not available under the rules of discovery;
             312          (17) records disclosing an attorney's work product, including the mental impressions or
             313      legal theories of an attorney or other representative of a governmental entity concerning
             314      litigation;
             315          (18) records of communications between a governmental entity and an attorney
             316      representing, retained, or employed by the governmental entity if the communications would be
             317      privileged as provided in Section 78B-1-137 ;
             318          (19) (a) (i) personal files of a state legislator, including personal correspondence to or
             319      from a member of the Legislature; and
             320          (ii) notwithstanding Subsection (19)(a)(i), correspondence that gives notice of
             321      legislative action or policy may not be classified as protected under this section; and
             322          (b) (i) an internal communication that is part of the deliberative process in connection
             323      with the preparation of legislation between:
             324          (A) members of a legislative body;
             325          (B) a member of a legislative body and a member of the legislative body's staff; or
             326          (C) members of a legislative body's staff; and
             327          (ii) notwithstanding Subsection (19)(b)(i), a communication that gives notice of
             328      legislative action or policy may not be classified as protected under this section;
             329          (20) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Research and
             330      General Counsel, that, if disclosed, would reveal a particular legislator's contemplated
             331      legislation or contemplated course of action before the legislator has elected to support the
             332      legislation or course of action, or made the legislation or course of action public; and
             333          (b) notwithstanding Subsection (20)(a), the form to request legislation submitted to the
             334      Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel is a public document unless a legislator
             335      asks that the records requesting the legislation be maintained as protected records until such



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     time as the legislator elects to make the legislation or course of action public;
             337          (21) research requests from legislators to the Office of Legislative Research and
             338      General Counsel or the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst and research findings prepared
             339      in response to these requests;
             340          (22) drafts, unless otherwise classified as public;
             341          (23) records concerning a governmental entity's strategy about collective bargaining or
             342      pending litigation;
             343          (24) records of investigations of loss occurrences and analyses of loss occurrences that
             344      may be covered by the Risk Management Fund, the Employers' Reinsurance Fund, the
             345      Uninsured Employers' Fund, or similar divisions in other governmental entities;
             346          (25) records, other than personnel evaluations, that contain a personal recommendation
             347      concerning an individual if disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of
             348      personal privacy, or disclosure is not in the public interest;
             349          (26) records that reveal the location of historic, prehistoric, paleontological, or
             350      biological resources that if known would jeopardize the security of those resources or of
             351      valuable historic, scientific, educational, or cultural information;
             352          (27) records of independent state agencies if the disclosure of the records would
             353      conflict with the fiduciary obligations of the agency;
             354          (28) records of an institution within the state system of higher education defined in
             355      Section 53B-1-102 regarding tenure evaluations, appointments, applications for admissions,
             356      retention decisions, and promotions, which could be properly discussed in a meeting closed in
             357      accordance with Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act, provided that records of
             358      the final decisions about tenure, appointments, retention, promotions, or those students
             359      admitted, may not be classified as protected under this section;
             360          (29) records of the governor's office, including budget recommendations, legislative
             361      proposals, and policy statements, that if disclosed would reveal the governor's contemplated
             362      policies or contemplated courses of action before the governor has implemented or rejected
             363      those policies or courses of action or made them public;
             364          (30) records of the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst relating to budget analysis,
             365      revenue estimates, and fiscal notes of proposed legislation before issuance of the final
             366      recommendations in these areas;



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             367
         (31) records provided by the United States or by a government entity outside the state
             368      that are given to the governmental entity with a requirement that they be managed as protected
             369      records if the providing entity certifies that the record would not be subject to public disclosure
             370      if retained by it;
             371          (32) transcripts, minutes, or reports of the closed portion of a meeting of a public body
             372      except as provided in Section 52-4-206 ;
             373          (33) records that would reveal the contents of settlement negotiations but not including
             374      final settlements or empirical data to the extent that they are not otherwise exempt from
             375      disclosure;
             376          (34) memoranda prepared by staff and used in the decision-making process by an
             377      administrative law judge, a member of the Board of Pardons and Parole, or a member of any
             378      other body charged by law with performing a quasi-judicial function;
             379          (35) records that would reveal negotiations regarding assistance or incentives offered
             380      by or requested from a governmental entity for the purpose of encouraging a person to expand
             381      or locate a business in Utah, but only if disclosure would result in actual economic harm to the
             382      person or place the governmental entity at a competitive disadvantage, but this section may not
             383      be used to restrict access to a record evidencing a final contract;
             384          (36) materials to which access must be limited for purposes of securing or maintaining
             385      the governmental entity's proprietary protection of intellectual property rights including patents,
             386      copyrights, and trade secrets;
             387          (37) the name of a donor or a prospective donor to a governmental entity, including an
             388      institution within the state system of higher education defined in Section 53B-1-102 , and other
             389      information concerning the donation that could reasonably be expected to reveal the identity of
             390      the donor, provided that:
             391          (a) the donor requests anonymity in writing;
             392          (b) any terms, conditions, restrictions, or privileges relating to the donation may not be
             393      classified protected by the governmental entity under this Subsection (37); and
             394          (c) except for an institution within the state system of higher education defined in
             395      Section 53B-1-102 , the governmental unit to which the donation is made is primarily engaged
             396      in educational, charitable, or artistic endeavors, and has no regulatory or legislative authority
             397      over the donor, a member of the donor's immediate family, or any entity owned or controlled



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             398
     by the donor or the donor's immediate family;
             399          (38) accident reports, except as provided in Sections 41-6a-404 , 41-12a-202 , and
             400      73-18-13 ;
             401          (39) a notification of workers' compensation insurance coverage described in Section
             402      34A-2-205 ;
             403          (40) (a) the following records of an institution within the state system of higher
             404      education defined in Section 53B-1-102 , which have been developed, discovered, disclosed to,
             405      or received by or on behalf of faculty, staff, employees, or students of the institution:
             406          (i) unpublished lecture notes;
             407          (ii) unpublished notes, data, and information:
             408          (A) relating to research; and
             409          (B) of:
             410          (I) the institution within the state system of higher education defined in Section
             411      53B-1-102 ; or
             412          (II) a sponsor of sponsored research;
             413          (iii) unpublished manuscripts;
             414          (iv) creative works in process;
             415          (v) scholarly correspondence; and
             416          (vi) confidential information contained in research proposals;
             417          (b) Subsection (40)(a) may not be construed to prohibit disclosure of public
             418      information required pursuant to Subsection 53B-16-302 (2)(a) or (b); and
             419          (c) Subsection (40)(a) may not be construed to affect the ownership of a record;
             420          (41) (a) records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General
             421      that would reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit prior to the
             422      date that audit is completed and made public; and
             423          (b) notwithstanding Subsection (41)(a), a request for a legislative audit submitted to the
             424      Office of the Legislative Auditor General is a public document unless the legislator asks that
             425      the records in the custody or control of the Office of Legislative Auditor General that would
             426      reveal the name of a particular legislator who requests a legislative audit be maintained as
             427      protected records until the audit is completed and made public;
             428          (42) records that provide detail as to the location of an explosive, including a map or



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             429
     other document that indicates the location of:
             430          (a) a production facility; or
             431          (b) a magazine;
             432          (43) information:
             433          (a) contained in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult Services
             434      created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ; or
             435          (b) received or maintained in relation to the Identity Theft Reporting Information
             436      System (IRIS) established under Section 67-5-22 ;
             437          (44) information contained in the Management Information System and Licensing
             438      Information System described in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child and Family Services;
             439          (45) information regarding National Guard operations or activities in support of the
             440      National Guard's federal mission;
             441          (46) records provided by any pawn or secondhand business to a law enforcement
             442      agency or to the central database in compliance with Title 13, Chapter 32a, Pawnshop and
             443      Secondhand Merchandise Transaction Information Act;
             444          (47) information regarding food security, risk, and vulnerability assessments performed
             445      by the Department of Agriculture and Food;
             446          (48) except to the extent that the record is exempt from this chapter pursuant to Section
             447      63G-2-106 , records related to an emergency plan or program prepared or maintained by the
             448      Division of Homeland Security the disclosure of which would jeopardize:
             449          (a) the safety of the general public; or
             450          (b) the security of:
             451          (i) governmental property;
             452          (ii) governmental programs; or
             453          (iii) the property of a private person who provides the Division of Homeland Security
             454      information;
             455          (49) records of the Department of Agriculture and Food relating to the National
             456      Animal Identification System or any other program that provides for the identification, tracing,
             457      or control of livestock diseases, including any program established under Title 4, Chapter 24,
             458      Utah Livestock Brand and Anti-theft Act or Title 4, Chapter 31, Livestock Inspection and
             459      Quarantine;



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             460
         (50) as provided in Section 26-39-501 :
             461          (a) information or records held by the Department of Health related to a complaint
             462      regarding a child care program or residential child care which the department is unable to
             463      substantiate; and
             464          (b) information or records related to a complaint received by the Department of Health
             465      from an anonymous complainant regarding a child care program or residential child care;
             466          (51) unless otherwise classified as public under Section 63G-2-301 and except as
             467      provided under Section 41-1a-116 , an individual's home address, home telephone number, or
             468      personal mobile phone number, if:
             469          (a) the individual is required to provide the information in order to comply with a law,
             470      ordinance, rule, or order of a government entity; and
             471          (b) the subject of the record has a reasonable expectation that this information will be
             472      kept confidential due to:
             473          (i) the nature of the law, ordinance, rule, or order; and
             474          (ii) the individual complying with the law, ordinance, rule, or order;
             475          (52) the name, home address, work addresses, and telephone numbers of an individual
             476      that is engaged in, or that provides goods or services for, medical or scientific research that is:
             477          (a) conducted within the state system of higher education, as defined in Section
             478      53B-1-102 ; and
             479          (b) conducted using animals;
             480          (53) an initial proposal under Title 63M, Chapter 1, Part 26, Government Procurement
             481      Private Proposal Program, to the extent not made public by rules made under that chapter;
             482          (54) information collected and a report prepared by the Judicial Performance
             483      Evaluation Commission concerning a judge, unless Section 20A-7-702 or Title 78A, Chapter
             484      12, Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission Act, requires disclosure of, or makes public,
             485      the information or report;
             486          (55) (a) records of the Utah Educational Savings Plan created under Section
             487      53B-8a-103 if the disclosure of the records would conflict with its fiduciary obligations;
             488          (b) proposals submitted to the Utah Educational Savings Plan; and
             489          (c) contracts entered into by the Utah Educational Savings Plan and the related
             490      payments;



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             491
         (56) records contained in the Management Information System created in Section
             492      62A-4a-1003 ;
             493          (57) records provided or received by the Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office in
             494      furtherance of any contract or other agreement made in accordance with Section 63J-4-603 ;
             495          (58) information requested by and provided to the Utah State 911 Committee under
             496      Section 53-10-602 ;
             497          (59) recorded Children's Justice Center investigative interviews, both video and audio,
             498      the release of which are governed by Section 77-37-4 ; [and]
             499          (60) in accordance with Section 73-10-33 :
             500          (a) a management plan for a water conveyance facility in the possession of the Division
             501      of Water Resources or the Board of Water Resources; or
             502          (b) an outline of an emergency response plan in possession of the state or a county or
             503      municipality[.]; and
             504          (61) a record described in Section 63G-12-210 .
             505          Section 4. Section 63G-12-101 is enacted to read:
             506     
CHAPTER 12. UTAH IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT ACT

             507     
Part 1. General Provisions

             508          63G-12-101. Title.
             509          This chapter is known as the "Utah Immigration Enforcement Act."
             510          Section 5. Section 63G-12-102 is enacted to read:
             511          63G-12-102. Definitions.
             512          As used in this chapter:
             513          (1) "Basic health insurance plan" means a health plan that is actuarially equivalent to a
             514      federally qualified high deductible health plan.
             515          (2) "Department" means the Department of Workforce Services created in Section
             516      35A-1-103 .
             517          (3) "Employee" means an individual employed by an employer under a contract for
             518      hire.
             519          (4) "Employer" means a person that has one or more employees employed in the same
             520      business, or in or about the same establishment, under any contract of hire, express or implied,
             521      oral or written.



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             522
         (5) "E-verify program" means the electronic verification of the work authorization
             523      program of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996, 8
             524      U.S.C. Sec. 1324a, known as the e-verify program;
             525          (6) "Family member" means for an undocumented individual:
             526          (a) a member of the undocumented individual's immediate family;
             527          (b) the undocumented individual's grandparent;
             528          (c) the undocumented individual's sibling;
             529          (d) the undocumented individual's grandchild;
             530          (e) the undocumented individual's nephew;
             531          (f) the undocumented individual's niece;
             532          (g) a spouse of an individual described in this Subsection (6); or
             533          (h) an individual who is similar to one listed in this Subsection (6).
             534          (7) "Federal SAVE program" means the Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements
             535      Program operated by the United States Department of Homeland Security or an equivalent
             536      program designated by the Department of Homeland Security.
             537          (8) "Guest worker" means an undocumented individual who holds a guest worker
             538      permit.
             539          (9) "Guest worker permit" means a permit issued in accordance with Section
             540      63G-12-207 to an undocumented individual who meets the eligibility criteria of Section
             541      63G-12-205 .
             542          (10) "Immediate family" means for an undocumented individual:
             543          (a) the undocumented individual's spouse; or
             544          (b) a child of the undocumented individual if the child is:
             545          (i) under 21 years of age; and
             546          (ii) unmarried.
             547          (11) "Immediate family permit" means a permit issued in accordance with Section
             548      63G-12-207 to an undocumented individual who meets the eligibility criteria of Section
             549      63G-12-206 .
             550          (12) "Permit" means a permit issued under Part 2, Guest Worker Program, and
             551      includes:
             552          (a) a guest worker permit; and



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             553
         (b) an immediate family permit.
             554          (13) "Permit holder" means an undocumented individual who holds a permit.
             555          (14) "Private employer" means an employer who is not the federal government or a
             556      public employer.
             557          (15) "Program start date" means the day on which the department is required to
             558      implement the program under Subsection 63G-12-202 (3).
             559          (16) "Public employer" means an employer that is:
             560          (a) the state of Utah or any administrative subunit of the state;
             561          (b) a state institution of higher education, as defined in Section 53B-3-102 ;
             562          (c) a political subdivision of the state including a county, city, town, school district,
             563      local district, or special service district; or
             564          (d) an administrative subunit of a political subdivision.
             565          (17) "Program" means the Guest Worker Program described in Section 63G-12-201 .
             566          (18) "Relevant contact information" means the following for an undocumented
             567      individual:
             568          (a) the undocumented individual's name;
             569          (b) the undocumented individual's residential address;
             570          (c) the undocumented individual's residential telephone number;
             571          (d) the undocumented individual's personal email address;
             572          (e) the name of the person with whom the undocumented individual has a contract for
             573      hire;
             574          (f) the name of the contact person for the person listed in Subsection (18)(e);
             575          (g) the address of the person listed in Subsection (18)(e);
             576          (h) the telephone number for the person listed in Subsection (18)(e);
             577          (i) the names of the undocumented individual's immediate family members;
             578          (j) the names of the family members who reside with the undocumented individual;
             579      and
             580          (k) any other information required by the department by rule made in accordance with
             581      Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             582          (19) "Restricted account" means the Immigration Act Restricted Account created in
             583      Section 63G-12-103 .



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             584
         (20) "Serious felony" means a felony under:
             585          (a) Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;
             586          (b) Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children;
             587          (c) Title 76, Chapter 6, Offenses Against Property;
             588          (d) Title 76, Chapter 7, Offenses Against the Family;
             589          (e) Title 76, Chapter 8, Offenses Against the Administration of Government;
             590          (f) Title 76, Chapter 9, Offenses Against Public Order and Decency; and
             591          (g) Title 76, Chapter 10, Offenses Against Public Health, Safety, Welfare, and Morals.
             592          (21) (a) "Status verification system" means an electronic system operated by the federal
             593      government, through which an authorized official of a state agency or a political subdivision of
             594      the state may inquire by exercise of authority delegated pursuant to 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373, to
             595      verify the citizenship or immigration status of an individual within the jurisdiction of the
             596      agency or political subdivision for a purpose authorized under this section.
             597          (b) "Status verification system" includes:
             598          (i) the e-verify program;
             599          (ii) an equivalent federal program designated by the United States Department of
             600      Homeland Security or other federal agency authorized to verify the work eligibility status of a
             601      newly hired employee pursuant to the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986;
             602          (iii) the Social Security Number Verification Service or similar online verification
             603      process implemented by the United States Social Security Administration; or
             604          (iv) an independent third-party system with an equal or higher degree of reliability as
             605      the programs, systems, or processes described in Subsection (21)(b)(i), (ii), or (iii).
             606          (22) "Unauthorized alien" is as defined in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1324a(h)(3).
             607          (23) "Undocumented individual" means an individual who:
             608          (a) lives or works in the state; and
             609          (b) is not in compliance with the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1101
             610      et seq. with regard to presence in the United States.
             611          (24) "U-verify program" means the verification procedure developed by the department
             612      in accordance with Section 63G-12-210 .
             613          Section 6. Section 63G-12-103 is enacted to read:
             614          63G-12-103. Immigration Act Restricted Account.



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             615
         (1) There is created a restricted account within the General Fund known as the
             616      "Immigration Act Restricted Account."
             617          (2) (a) The restricted account shall consist of:
             618          (i) a fee collected under this chapter;
             619          (ii) a fine collected under Section 63G-12-207 ;
             620          (iii) civil penalties imposed under Section 63G-12-211 or 63G-12-307 ;
             621          (iv) money appropriated to the restricted account by the Legislature; and
             622          (v) interest earned on the restricted account.
             623          (b) The restricted account shall earn interest.
             624          (3) The Legislature may appropriate money from the restricted account to:
             625          (a) the department and the Office of the Governor to pay the costs associated with the
             626      implementation of Section 63G-12-202 ;
             627          (b) the department to administer this chapter;
             628          (c) the State Tax Commission for costs associated with implementing Section
             629      63G-12-203 ; S. [ and ] .S
             630          (d) the attorney general for costs associated with:
             631          (i) litigation related to this chapter;
             632          (ii) a multi-agency strike force created under Section 67-5-22.7 ; or
             633          (iii) a memorandum of understanding executed under Section 67-5-28 S. [ . ] ; and
             633a      (e) the Identity Theft Restricted Account created in Section 67-5-22.7. .S
             634          Section 7. Section 63G-12-104 is enacted to read:
             635          63G-12-104. Determining immigration status -- Transfer or maintenance of
             636      information.
             637          Except as limited by federal law and this chapter, any state or local governmental
             638      agency is not restricted or prohibited in any way from sending, receiving, or maintaining
             639      information related to the lawful or unlawful immigration status of an individual by
             640      communicating with any federal, state, or local governmental entity for any lawful purpose,
             641      including:
             642          (1) determining an individual's eligibility for any public benefit, service, or license
             643      provided by any federal agency, by this state, or by a political subdivision of this state;
             644          (2) confirming an individual's claim of residence or domicile if determination is
             645      required by state law or a judicial order issued pursuant to a civil or criminal proceeding in this



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             646
     state;
             647          (3) if the individual is an alien, determining if the individual is in compliance with the
             648      federal registration laws under 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1301 through 1306; or
             649          (4) a valid request for verification of the citizenship or immigration status of any
             650      person pursuant to 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373.
             651          Section 8. Section 63G-12-105 is enacted to read:
             652          63G-12-105. Implementation to be consistent with federal law and civil rights.
             653          A state or local agency shall implement this part in a manner that:
             654          (1) is consistent with federal laws that regulate immigration;
             655          (2) protects the civil rights of all persons; and
             656          (3) respects the privileges and immunities of United States citizens.
             657          Section 9. Section 63G-12-106 is enacted to read:
             658          63G-12-106. Severability.
             659          (1) If a provision of Part 2, Guest Worker Program, or the application of a provision to
             660      a person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this chapter may not be given effect
             661      without the invalid provision or application so that the provisions of this chapter are not
             662      severable.
             663          (2) The following provisions are severable from this chapter:
             664          (a) Title 76, Chapter 9, Part 10, Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act;
             665          (b) Section 76-10-2901 ; and
             666          (c) Section 77-7-2 .
             667          Section 10. Section 63G-12-201 is enacted to read:
             668     
Part 2. Guest Worker Program

             669          63G-12-201. Department to create program.
             670          (1) The department shall administer a program known as the "Guest Worker Program"
             671      created by this part. Under this program, the department shall:
             672          (a) seek one or more waivers, exemptions, or authorizations to implement the program
             673      as provided in Section 63G-12-202 ;
             674          (b) issue a permit as provided in Section 63G-12-207 ;
             675          (c) establish fees in accordance with Section 63J-1-504 for a filing or service required
             676      by this part;



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             677
         (d) take action under Section 63G-12-211 ; and
             678          (e) report annually to the governor and the Legislature.
             679          (2) The department may make rules in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
             680      Rulemaking Act, to the extent expressly provided for in this part.
             681          (3) In implementing this part, the department shall cooperate with other state agencies
             682      to minimize any duplication in databases or services required under this part.
             683          Section 11. Section 63G-12-202 is enacted to read:
             684          63G-12-202. Federal waivers, exemptions, or authorizations -- Implementation
             685      without waiver, exemption, or authorization.
             686          (1) The department, under the direction of the governor, shall seek one or more federal
             687      waivers, exemptions, or authorizations to implement the program.
             688          (2) The governor shall actively participate in the effort to obtain one or more federal
             689      waivers, exemptions, or authorizations under this section.
             690          (3) The department shall implement the program the sooner of:
             691          (a) 120 days after the day on which the governor finds that the state has the one or
             692      more federal waivers, exemptions, or authorizations needed to implement the program; or
             693          (b) July 1, 2013.
             694          Section 12. Section 63G-12-203 is enacted to read:
             695          63G-12-203. Coordination with other federal or state laws or programs.
             696          (1) To the extent feasible, the department shall coordinate the implementation of the
             697      program with other existing state and federal laws that relate to immigration and labor,
             698      including laws pertaining to obtaining the privilege to drive and to report citizenship status.
             699          (2) (a) If a permit holder is not issued a Social Security number, the State Tax
             700      Commission shall, by rule made in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
             701      Rulemaking Act, provide a means for a person who receives services from a permit holder to
             702      withhold from compensation paid to the permit holder an amount to be determined by State
             703      Tax Commission rule that, as closely as possible, equals the income taxes that would be
             704      imposed by state law if the permit holder were an employee with a Social Security number.
             705          (b) If a waiver, exemption, or authorization described in Section 63G-12-202 provides
             706      for the issuance of a Social Security number to a permit holder, a person who receives services
             707      from a permit holder is required to withhold from compensation as provided in Title 59,



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             708
     Chapter 10, Part 4, Withholding of Tax.
             709          (c) The rules described in Subsection (2)(a) shall be substantially similar to Title 59,
             710      Chapter 10, Part 4, Withholding of Tax.
             711          (d) To the extent feasible and consistent with a waiver, exemption, or authority entered
             712      into under Section 63G-12-202 , the State Tax Commission shall work with the applicable
             713      federal government agencies to ensure that the withholding provided for under this Subsection
             714      (2) is compatible with a federal process by which S. [ the income and ] .S employment taxes are
             715      collected that would be imposed under federal law if a permit holder were an employee with a
             716      Social Security number.
             717          (e) (i) The State Tax Commission shall impose a fee on a person who hires a permit
             718      holder as an employee in accordance with this Subsection (5):
             719          (A) if as of the program start date the federal government does not collect or provide
             720      for the withholding of federal employment taxes;
             721          (B) beginning the first day of the calendar quarter immediately following the program
             722      start date; and
             723          (C) ending the last day of the calendar quarter in which the federal government begins
             724      to collect or provide for the withholding of federal employment taxes.
             725          (ii) The State Tax Commission shall set the fee equal to the amount that, as closely as
             726      possible, equals the federal employment taxes that would be imposed by federal law if the
             727      permit holder were hired as an employee with a Social Security number.
             728          (iii) The State Tax Commission shall collect the fee in the same manner that it collects
             729      state income taxes withheld in accordance with this Subsection (2).
             730          (iv) The State Tax Commission may make rules in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah
             731      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to establish the procedures for the collection of the fee.
             732          (v) The State Tax Commission shall deposit the fee into the restricted account.
             733          (3) The department shall facilitate the use in this state of other employer based work
             734      programs that meet the needs of Utah employers by using workers who are not working in Utah
             735      and who are not United States citizens. Nothing in this part prevents a person from using an
             736      employer based work program described in this Subsection (3) that exists under the auspices of
             737      a foreign government in cooperation with the United States government.
             738          (4) A permit holder is not eligible for unemployment compensation.



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             739
         Section 13. Section 63G-12-204 is enacted to read:
             740          63G-12-204. Obtaining a permit -- Uses of permit.
             741          (1) An undocumented individual shall obtain a permit:
             742          (a) before providing services to a person in this state under a contract for hire; or
             743          (b) in accordance with Subsection (2), by no later than 30 days from the day on which
             744      the undocumented individual enters into a contract for hire.
             745          (2) (a) By rule made in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking
             746      Act, the department shall provide a procedure under which a person may hire an undocumented
             747      individual who does not hold a permit pending the undocumented individual obtaining a permit
             748      within 30 days of the day on which the undocumented individual is hired to provide services.
             749          (b) An undocumented individual may not provide services under a contract for hire to a
             750      person for more than 30 days during a two-year calendar period without obtaining a permit as
             751      provided under this part.
             752          (3) Subject to Subsection (4), a permit is considered an identification document for
             753      purposes of Section 63G-12-401 , and may be used as identification or proof of the permit
             754      holder's age for any state or local government required purpose.
             755          (4) An undocumented individual may not use a permit:
             756          (a) to establish entitlement to a federal, state, or local benefit as described in Section
             757      63G-12-402 ; or
             758          (b) to obtain work or provide services in a state other than Utah.
             759          Section 14. Section 63G-12-205 is enacted to read:
             760          63G-12-205. Eligibility criteria to obtain and maintain a guest worker permit.
             761          (1) To be eligible to obtain or maintain a guest worker permit, an undocumented
             762      individual shall:
             763          (a) (i) be 18 years of age or older; or
             764          (ii) if younger than 18 years of age, have the permission of a parent or guardian;
             765          (b) live in Utah;
             766          (c) have worked or lived in Utah before May 10, 2011;
             767          (d) provide relevant contact information and regularly update the relevant contact
             768      information in a manner required by rule made in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah
             769      Administrative Rulemaking Act;



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             770
         (e) provide documentation of a contract for hire under which the undocumented
             771      individual begins to provide services within at least 30 days of the day on which the
             772      undocumented individual obtains the permit;
             773          (f) (i) agree to a criminal background check described in Subsection (3); and
             774          (ii) not have been convicted of, pled guilty to, pled no contest to, pled guilty in a
             775      similar manner to, or resolved by diversion or its equivalent to a serious felony;
             776          (g) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the person would not be
             777      inadmissible for public health grounds under 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1182;
             778          (h) (i) be covered by a basic health insurance plan; or
             779          (ii) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the undocumented individual
             780      has no medical debt that is past due and agrees to have no medical debt that is past due during
             781      the term of the permit; and
             782          (i) (i) hold a driving privilege card issued in accordance with Section 53-3-207 ; or
             783          (ii) provide evidence satisfactory to the department that the undocumented individual
             784      will not drive a motor vehicle in the state.
             785          (2) The department may by rule made in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah
             786      Administrative Rulemaking Act, provide for the documentation required to establish eligibility
             787      under Subsection (1). When making a rule under this section, the department shall use federal
             788      standards as a guideline to avoid unnecessary duplication and additional costs.
             789          (3) (a) The department shall require an undocumented individual applying for a guest
             790      worker permit, or renewing a guest worker permit, to submit to a criminal background check as
             791      a condition of receiving or renewing the guest worker permit.
             792          (b) An undocumented individual required to submit to a criminal background check
             793      under Subsection (3)(a), shall:
             794          (i) submit a fingerprint card in a form acceptable to the department; and
             795          (ii) consent to a fingerprint background check by:
             796          (A) the Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification;
             797          (B) the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and
             798          (C) the secure communities system operated by the Department of Homeland Security
             799      and Department of Justice.
             800          (c) For an undocumented individual who submits a fingerprint card and consents to a



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             801
     fingerprint background check under Subsection (3)(b), the department may request:
             802          (i) criminal background information maintained pursuant to Title 53, Chapter 10, Part
             803      2, Bureau of Criminal Identification, from the Bureau of Criminal Identification;
             804          (ii) complete Federal Bureau of Investigation criminal background checks through the
             805      national criminal history system; and
             806          (iii) complete criminal background checks through the secure communities system of
             807      the Department of Homeland Security and Department of Justice.
             808          (d) Information obtained by the department from the review of criminal history records
             809      received under this Subsection (3) shall be used by the department to determine eligibility to
             810      obtain a permit.
             811          (e) The department shall:
             812          (i) pay to the Federal Bureau of Investigation the costs incurred by the Federal Bureau
             813      of Investigation in providing the department criminal background information under this
             814      Subsection (3); and
             815          (ii) in accordance with Section 63J-1-504 , charge the undocumented individual
             816      applying for the permit a fee equal to the aggregate of the costs incurred by the department
             817      under this Subsection (3) and amount paid under Subsection (3)(e)(i).
             818          Section 15. Section 63G-12-206 is enacted to read:
             819          63G-12-206. Eligibility to obtain and maintain an immediate family permit.
             820          To be eligible to obtain or maintain an immediate family permit, an undocumented
             821      individual shall:
             822          (1) live in Utah;
             823          (2) be a member of a guest worker's immediate family; and
             824          (3) provide relevant contact information and regularly update the relevant contact
             825      information in a manner required by rule made in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah
             826      Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             827          Section 16. Section 63G-12-207 is enacted to read:
             828          63G-12-207. Application and renewal process.
             829          (1) The department may not issue a permit under this part until the program is
             830      implemented under Section 63G-12-202 .
             831          (2) The department shall:



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             832
         (a) create a permit that:
             833          (i) is of impervious material that is resistant to wear or damage; and
             834          (ii) minimizes the risk that the permit may be forged, falsified, or counterfeited; and
             835          (b) ensure that a permit:
             836          (i) includes a photograph of the undocumented individual to whom the permit is
             837      issued;
             838          (ii) prominently states the day on which the permit expires; and
             839          (iii) prominently states the type of permit.
             840          (3) A permit expires two years from the day on which the department issues the permit.
             841          (4) (a) Before an undocumented individual may apply for an initial permit under this
             842      part the undocumented individual shall commit to pay a fine equal to:
             843          (i) $1,000, if the undocumented individual enters into the United States legally, but at
             844      the time of paying the fine is not in compliance with the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8
             845      U.S.C. Sec. 1101 et seq. with regard to presence in the United States; or
             846          (ii) $2,500, if the undocumented individual enters into the United States illegally.
             847          (b) The department by rule made in accordance with Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
             848      Rulemaking Act, shall make rules that provide for:
             849          (i) how an undocumented individual demonstrates a commitment to pay the fine
             850      required under Subsection (4)(a);
             851          (ii) one or more payment plans that an undocumented individual may use to pay a fine
             852      required under Subsection (4)(a); and
             853          (iii) the consequences for failure to pay the entire amount of a fine required under
             854      Subsection (4)(a).
             855          (5) After committing to pay the fine in accordance with Subsection (4), to apply for or
             856      renew a permit, an undocumented individual shall submit to the department, in a form
             857      acceptable under this part:
             858          (a) an application;
             859          (b) documentation of meeting the criteria in Section 63G-12-205 or 63G-12-206 ;
             860          (c) for a renewal, documentation of efforts to comply with Section 63G-12-209 ;
             861          (d) a signed statement verifying the information in the application and documentation;
             862      and



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             863
         (e) a fee established by the department in accordance with Section 63J-1-504 .
             864          (6) If an undocumented individual submits a complete application under Subsection (5)
             865      and the department determines that the undocumented individual meets the criteria of Section
             866      63G-12-205 or 63G-12-206 , the department shall issue or renew:
             867          (a) a guest worker permit if the undocumented individual qualifies under Section
             868      63G-12-205 ; and
             869          (b) an immediate family permit if the undocumented individual qualifies under Section
             870      63G-12-206 .
             871          (7) An undocumented individual may appeal a denial of a permit under this section in
             872      accordance with Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
             873          (8) (a) If a waiver, exemption, or authorization provides for the following, in addition
             874      to the requirements of Subsection (5), for an application to be considered complete for
             875      purposes of Subsection (6) an undocumented individual shall:
             876          (i) post a bond with the department in the amount of $10,000 against which the
             877      department may bring an action for a violation of this part; or
             878          (ii) provide written certification by the undocumented individual's country of origin in
             879      accordance with Subsection (8)(b) of a guarantee of compliance with this part.
             880          (b) (i) In accordance with Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             881      department shall make rules providing for what the department would consider being a
             882      "guarantee of compliance" by a country of origin for purposes of Subsection (8)(a).
             883          (ii) A rule made under this Subsection (8)(b) shall provide that the department may not
             884      accept a guarantee of compliance from a specific foreign country if the department determines
             885      a significant percentage of the guest workers who submit a guarantee of compliance from that
             886      foreign country cannot be located after or during the term of a guest worker permit.
             887          Section 17. Section 63G-12-208 is enacted to read:
             888          63G-12-208. Conditions during permit term.
             889          (1) A permit holder shall continue to meet the eligibility criteria under Section
             890      63G-12-205 or 63G-12-206 for the type of permit held by the permit holder.
             891          (2) A permit is automatically revoked if after issuance of the permit:
             892          (a) the permit holder to whom it is issued is convicted of, pleads guilty to, pleads no
             893      contest to, pleads guilty in a similar manner to, or has resolved by diversion or its equivalent a



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             894
     serious felony;
             895          (b) for a guest worker permit, the permit holder to whom it is issued does not provide
             896      services under a contract for hire for more than one year; or
             897          (c) for an immediate family permit, the guest worker permit under which the
             898      immediate family member's permit is issued is revoked or expires under this part.
             899          Section 18. Section 63G-12-209 is enacted to read:
             900          63G-12-209. Proficiency standards for English.
             901          (1) A permit holder shall in good faith use best efforts to become proficient in the
             902      English language at or above the equivalent to an intermediate level on a language proficiency
             903      assessment test used by the State Office of Education for purposes of secondary school
             904      students.
             905          (2) An undocumented individual shall pay the costs of complying with this section.
             906          Section 19. Section 63G-12-210 is enacted to read:
             907          63G-12-210. Verification of valid permit -- Protected status of information.
             908          (1) (a) The department shall develop a verification procedure by rule made in
             909      accordance with Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, for a person who hires a
             910      permit holder to verify with the department that the permit is valid as required by Section
             911      63G-12-301 .
             912          (b) The verification procedure adopted under this Subsection (1) shall:
             913          (i) be substantially similar to the employer requirements to verify federal employment
             914      status under the e-verify program; and
             915          (ii) provide that an undocumented individual may appeal a determination that a permit
             916      is invalid in accordance with Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
             917          (2) Subject to Section 63G-12-212 , a record under this part is a protected record under
             918      Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act, except that a record may not be
             919      shared under Section 63G-2-206 , unless:
             920          (a) requested by the Office of Legislative Auditor General in accordance with Section
             921      36-12-15 ; or
             922          (b) disclosed to a federal government entity in accordance with this part or a waiver,
             923      exemption, or authorization described in Section 63G-12-202 .
             924          (3) The state is not liable to any person for:



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Senate Committee Amendments 3-2-2011 rd/po
             925
         (a) the design, implementation, or operation of a verification procedure under this part;
             926          (b) the collection and disclosure of information as part of a verification procedure
             927      under this part; or
             928          (c) the determination that a permit is invalid.
             929          Section 20. Section 63G-12-211 is enacted to read:
             930          63G-12-211. Prohibited conduct -- Administrative penalties -- Criminal penalties.
             931          (1) A permit holder may not file for or receive unemployment benefits.
             932          (2) A person may not:
             933          (a) furnish false or forged information or documentation in support of an application;
             934          (b) alter the information on a permit;
             935          (c) if the person is a guest worker, be reported absent from work for 10 consecutive
             936      days without the approval of the person who hires the guest worker;
             937          (d) allow an individual to use a permit if the individual is not entitled to use the permit;
             938          (e) display or represent that a permit is issued to an individual, if the permit is not
             939      issued to the individual;
             940          (f) display a revoked permit as a valid permit;
             941          (g) knowingly or with reckless disregard acquire, use, display, or transfer an item that
             942      purports to be a valid permit, but that is not a valid permit; or
             943          (h) otherwise violate this part.
             944          (3) For a violation described in Subsections (1) and (2), the department may:
             945          (a) suspend, limit, or revoke and repossess a permit;
             946          (b) impose a civil penalty not to exceed $750 for each violation; or
             947          (c) take a combination of actions under this section.
             948          (4) A person is guilty of a class S. [ C ] B .S misdemeanor if the person:
             949          (a) furnishes false or forged information or documentation in support of an application;
             950      or
             951          (b) alters the information on a permit.
             952          Section 21. Section 63G-12-212 is enacted to read:
             953          63G-12-212. Sharing of information related to enforcement.
             954          (1) The department shall provide the notice described in Subsection (2), if the
             955      department determines that an undocumented individual:



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             956
         (a) has the undocumented individual's permit revoked; or
             957          (b) permits the undocumented individual's permit to expire and the department has
             958      reason to believe that the undocumented individual continues to reside in the state.
             959          (2) (a) The department shall provide the notice required by Subsection (1) to:
             960          (i) Utah's attorney general;
             961          (ii) the Department of Public Safety; and
             962          (iii) United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
             963          (b) The notice described in Subsection (2)(a) shall:
             964          (i) include:
             965          (A) the last known address of the undocumented individual; and
             966          (B) the basis of the notice described in Subsection (1); and
             967          (ii) be sent promptly after the day on which the time to appeal, if any, the action that is
             968      the basis for the notification under Subsection (1) ends.
             969          Section 22. Section 63G-12-301 is enacted to read:
             970     
Part 3. Employee Verification and Employer Sanctions

             971          63G-12-301. Employing unauthorized alien -- Verification of employment
             972      eligibility.
             973          (1) On and after the program start date, an employer may not knowingly employ an
             974      unauthorized alien who does not hold a permit.
             975          (2) On and after the program start date, a private employer employing 15 or more
             976      employees within the state for each working day in each of 20 calendar weeks or more in the
             977      current or preceding calendar year, after hiring an employee, shall verify the employment
             978      eligibility of the new employee:
             979          (a) through the e-verify program if the individual does not hold a permit; and
             980          (b) through the u-verify program if the individual holds a permit.
             981          (3) A private employer shall keep a record of the verification required by Subsection
             982      (2) for the longer of:
             983          (a) the duration of the employee's employment; or
             984          (b) at least three years from the date of verification.
             985          (4) On and after the program start date, a private employer shall terminate the
             986      employment of an undocumented individual if the undocumented individual is determined by



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             987
     the department to not hold a valid permit.
             988          Section 23. Section 63G-12-302 , which is renumbered from Section 63G-11-103 is
             989      renumbered and amended to read:
             990           [63G-11-103].     63G-12-302. Status verification system -- Registration and
             991      use -- Performance of services -- Unlawful practice.
             992          (1) As used in this section:
             993          (a) "Contract" means an agreement for the procurement of goods or services that is
             994      awarded through a request for proposals process with a public employer and includes a sole
             995      source contract.
             996          (b) "Contractor" means a subcontractor, contract employee, staffing agency, or any
             997      contractor regardless of its tier.
             998          [(c) "Public employer" means a department, agency, instrumentality, or political
             999      subdivision of the state.]
             1000          [(d) (i) "Status Verification System" means an electronic system operated by the
             1001      federal government, through which an authorized official of a state agency or a political
             1002      subdivision of the state may inquire by exercise of authority delegated pursuant to 8 U.S.C.,
             1003      Sec. 1373, to verify the citizenship or immigration status of an individual within the
             1004      jurisdiction of the agency or political subdivision for a purpose authorized under this section.]
             1005          [(ii) "Status Verification System" includes:]
             1006          [(A) the electronic verification of the work authorization program of the Illegal
             1007      Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996, 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1324a,
             1008      known as the E-verify Program;]
             1009          [(B) an equivalent federal program designated by the United States Department of
             1010      Homeland Security or other federal agency authorized to verify the work eligibility status of a
             1011      newly hired employee pursuant to the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986;]
             1012          [(C) the Social Security Number Verification Service or similar online verification
             1013      process implemented by the United States Social Security Administration; or]
             1014          [(D) an independent third-party system with an equal or higher degree of reliability as
             1015      the programs, systems, or processes described in Subsection (1)(d)(ii)(A), (B), or (C).]
             1016          [(e) "Unauthorized alien" means an alien as defined in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1324a(h)(3).]
             1017          (2) (a) [Each] Subject to Subsection (4), a public employer shall register with and use a



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             1018
     Status Verification System to verify the federal employment authorization status of a new
             1019      employee.
             1020          (b) This section shall be enforced without regard to race, religion, gender, ethnicity, or
             1021      national origin.
             1022          (3) (a) Beginning July 1, 2009:
             1023          (i) a public employer may not enter into a contract for the physical performance of
             1024      services within the state with a contractor unless the contractor registers and participates in the
             1025      Status Verification System to verify the work eligibility status of the contractor's new
             1026      employees that are employed in the state; and
             1027          (ii) a contractor shall register and participate in the Status Verification System in order
             1028      to enter into a contract with a public employer.
             1029          (b) (i) For purposes of compliance with Subsection (3)(a), a contractor is individually
             1030      responsible for verifying the employment status of only new employees who work under the
             1031      contractor's supervision or direction and not those who work for another contractor or
             1032      subcontractor, except as otherwise provided in Subsection (3)(b)(ii).
             1033          (ii) Each contractor or subcontractor who works under or for another contractor shall
             1034      certify to the main contractor by affidavit that the contractor or subcontractor has verified
             1035      through the Status Verification System the employment status of each new employee of the
             1036      respective contractor or subcontractor.
             1037          (c) Subsection (3)(a) does not apply to a contract:
             1038          (i) entered into by the entities referred to in Subsection (3)(a) prior to July 1, 2009,
             1039      even though the contract may involve the physical performance of services within the state on
             1040      or after July 1, 2009; or
             1041          (ii) that involves underwriting, remarketing, broker-dealer activities, securities
             1042      placement, investment advisory, financial advisory, or other financial or investment banking
             1043      services.
             1044          [(4) (a) It is unlawful for an employing entity in the state to discharge an employee
             1045      working in Utah who is a United States citizen or permanent resident alien and replace the
             1046      employee with, or have the employee's duties assumed by, an employee who:]
             1047          [(i) the employing entity knows, or reasonably should have known, is an unauthorized
             1048      alien hired on or after July 1, 2009; and]



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             1049
         [(ii) is working in the state in a job category:]
             1050          [(A) that requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility; and]
             1051          [(B) which is performed under similar working conditions, as defined in 29 U.S.C.,
             1052      Sec. 206 (d)(1), as the job category held by the discharged employee.]
             1053          [(b) An employing entity, which on the date of a discharge in question referred to in
             1054      Subsection (4)(a) is enrolled in and using the Status Verification System to verify the
             1055      employment eligibility of its employees in Utah who are hired on or after July 1, 2009, is
             1056      exempt from liability, investigation, or lawsuit arising from an action under this section.]
             1057          [(c) A cause of action for a violation of this Subsection (4) arises exclusively from the
             1058      provisions of this Subsection (4).]
             1059          (4) On and after the program start date:
             1060          (a) a public employer, after hiring an employee, shall verify the employment eligibility
             1061      of the new employee:
             1062          (i) through the status verification system if the individual does not hold a permit; and
             1063          (ii) through the u-verify program if the individual holds a permit; and
             1064          (b) a contractor is considered to be in compliance with this section if, after hiring an
             1065      employee, the contractor verifies the employment eligibility of the new employee:
             1066          (i) through the status verification system if the individual does not hold a permit; and
             1067          (ii) through the u-verify program if the individual holds a permit.
             1068          Section 24. Section 63G-12-303 is enacted to read:
             1069          63G-12-303. Liability protections.
             1070          (1) A private employer may not be held civilly liable under state law in a cause of
             1071      action for the private employer's unlawful hiring of an unauthorized alien if:
             1072          (a) the private employer complies with Subsection 63G-12-301 (2); and
             1073          (b) the information obtained after verification under Subsection 63G-12-301 (2)
             1074      indicates that:
             1075          (i) the employee's federal legal status allowed the private employer to hire the
             1076      employee; or
             1077          (ii) on and after the program start date, the employee held a valid permit.
             1078          (2) A private employer may not be held civilly liable under state law in a cause of
             1079      action for the private employer's refusal to hire an individual if:



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             1080
         (a) the private employer complies with Subsection 63G-12-301 (2); and
             1081          (b) the information obtained after verification under Subsection 63G-12-301 (2)
             1082      indicates that the employee:
             1083          (i) was an unauthorized alien; and
             1084          (ii) on and after the program start date, does not hold a valid permit.
             1085          (3) This chapter does not create a cause of action, on the basis of discrimination or
             1086      otherwise, for not hiring an individual who holds a permit.
             1087          Section 25. Section 63G-12-304 is enacted to read:
             1088          63G-12-304. Voluntary registration by private employer certifying participation
             1089      in verification.
             1090          (1) (a) A private employer may register with the department certifying that the private
             1091      employer is in compliance with Subsection 63G-12-301 (2).
             1092          (b) A private employer may register with the department under this section regardless
             1093      of whether the private employer is required to comply with Subsection 63G-12-301 (2).
             1094          (2) To register or renew a registration with the department under this part, a private
             1095      employer shall:
             1096          (a) file a registration statement with the department that certifies compliance with
             1097      Subsection 63G-12-301 (2); and
             1098          (b) pay a fee established by the department in accordance Section 63J-1-504 that
             1099      reflects the cost of registering employers under this section and publishing the list described in
             1100      Subsection (5).
             1101          (3) A registration under this part expires every two years on the anniversary of the day
             1102      on which the registration is filed with the department.
             1103          (4) In accordance with Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             1104      department may make rules to provide for:
             1105          (a) the form of a registration statement under this section;
             1106          (b) the process of filing a registration statement under this section; and
             1107          (c) the process of renewing a registration statement under this section.
             1108          (5) On and after the program start date, the department shall publish electronically a
             1109      list of private employers who register under this section on a website accessible to the general
             1110      public without a charge.



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             1111
         (6) The department shall coordinate with the Department Commerce to transfer the
             1112      registration operated by the Department of Commerce to the department effective on the
             1113      program start date.
             1114          Section 26. Section 63G-12-305 is enacted to read:
             1115          63G-12-305. Unlawful employment practices.
             1116          (1) An employer may not discharge an employee working in Utah who is a United
             1117      States citizen or permanent resident alien and replace the employee with, or have the
             1118      employee's duties assumed by, an employee who:
             1119          (i) the employer knows, or reasonably should have known, is an unauthorized alien
             1120      hired on or after July 1, 2009; and
             1121          (ii) is working in the state in a job category:
             1122          (A) that requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility; and
             1123          (B) which is performed under similar working conditions, as defined in 29 U.S.C. Sec.
             1124      206(d)(1), as the job category held by the discharged employee.
             1125          (2) An employer that on the date of a discharge referred to in Subsection (1) complies
             1126      with Subsection 63G-12-301 (2) to verify the employment eligibility of its employees in Utah
             1127      who are hired on or after July 1, 2009, is exempt from liability, investigation, or lawsuit arising
             1128      from an action under this section.
             1129          (3) A cause of action for a violation of this section arises exclusively from this section.
             1130          Section 27. Section 63G-12-306 is enacted to read:
             1131          63G-12-306. Administrative actions -- Defenses.
             1132          (1) On and after the program start date and in accordance with Chapter 4,
             1133      Administrative Procedures Act, the department may bring agency action against a private
             1134      employer who violates Subsection 63G-12-301 (1).
             1135          (2) (a) To determine whether an employee is an unauthorized alien for purposes of
             1136      Subsection (1), the department shall consider only the federal government's determination
             1137      pursuant to 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373(c).
             1138          (b) The federal government's determination creates a rebuttable presumption of the
             1139      employee's lawful status. The department may request the federal government to provide
             1140      automated or testimonial verification pursuant to 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373(c).
             1141          (3) For the purposes of this part, proof of verifying the employment authorization in



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             1142
     accordance with Subsection 63G-12-301 (2) creates a rebuttable presumption that an employer
             1143      did not knowingly employ an unauthorized alien who does not hold a valid permit.
             1144          (4) (a) For the purposes of this section, an employer that establishes that the employer
             1145      has complied in good faith with the requirements of 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1324a(b) establishes an
             1146      affirmative defense that the employer did not knowingly employ an unauthorized alien.
             1147          (b) An employer is considered to have complied with the requirements of 8 U.S.C. Sec.
             1148      1324a(b), notwithstanding an isolated, sporadic, or accidental technical or procedural failure to
             1149      meet the requirements, if there is a good faith attempt to comply with the requirements.
             1150          Section 28. Section 63G-12-307 is enacted to read:
             1151          63G-12-307. Penalties.
             1152          (1) As used in this section:
             1153          (a) "Applicable license" means a license issued under:
             1154          (i) Title 32B, Alcoholic Beverage Control Act;
             1155          (ii) Title 58, Occupations and Professions; or
             1156          (iii) Title 61, Securities Division - Real Estate Division.
             1157          (b) "First violation" means the first time the department imposes a penalty under this
             1158      section, regardless of the number of individuals the private employer hired in violation of
             1159      Subsection 63G-12-301 (1).
             1160          (c) "Second violation" means the second time the department imposes a penalty under
             1161      this section, regardless of the number of individuals the private employer hired in violation of
             1162      Subsection 63G-12-301 (1).
             1163          (d) "Third or subsequent violation" means a violation of Subsection 63G-12-301 (1)
             1164      committed after a second violation.
             1165          (2) (a) A private employer who violates Subsection 63G-12-301 (1) is subject to a
             1166      penalty provided in this section.
             1167          (b) For a first violation of Subsection 63G-12-301 (1), the department shall impose a
             1168      civil penalty on the private employer not to exceed $100 for each individual employed by the
             1169      private employer during the time period specified in the notice of agency action who is an
             1170      unauthorized alien who does not hold a valid permit.
             1171          (c) For a second violation of Subsection 63G-12-301 (1), the department shall impose a
             1172      civil penalty on the private employer not to exceed $500 for each individual employed by the



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             1173
     private employer during the time period specified in the notice of agency action who is an
             1174      unauthorized alien who does not hold a valid permit.
             1175          (d) For a third or subsequent violation of Subsection 63-12-301 (1), the department
             1176      shall:
             1177          (i) order the revocation of the one or more applicable licenses that are issued to an
             1178      owner, officer, director, manager, or other individual in a similar position for the private
             1179      employer for a period not to exceed one year; or
             1180          (ii) if no individual described in Subsection (2)(d)(i) holds an applicable license,
             1181      impose a civil penalty on the private employer not to exceed $10,000.
             1182          (3) (a) If the department finds a third or subsequent violation, the department shall
             1183      notify the Department of Commerce and the Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control.
             1184          (b) The notice required under Subsection (3)(a) shall state:
             1185          (i) that the department has found a third or subsequent violation;
             1186          (ii) that any applicable license held by an individual described in Subsection (2)(d)(i) is
             1187      to be revoked; and
             1188          (iii) the time period for the revocation, not to exceed one year.
             1189          (c) The department shall base its determination of the length of revocation under this
             1190      section on evidence or information submitted to the department during the action under which
             1191      a third or subsequent violation is found, and shall consider the following factors, if relevant:
             1192          (i) the number of unauthorized aliens who do not hold a permit that are employed by
             1193      the private employer;
             1194          (ii) prior misconduct by the private employer;
             1195          (iii) the degree of harm resulting from the violation;
             1196          (iv) whether the private employer made good faith efforts to comply with any
             1197      applicable requirements;
             1198          (v) the duration of the violation;
             1199          (vi) the role of the individuals described in Subsection (2)(d)(i) in the violation; and
             1200          (vii) any other factor the department considers appropriate.
             1201          (4) Within 10 business days of receipt of notice under Subsection (3), the Department
             1202      of Commerce and the Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control shall:
             1203          (a) (i) if the Department of Commerce or Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission has



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             1204
     issued an applicable license to an individual described in Subsection (2)(d)(i), notwithstanding
             1205      any other law, revoke the applicable license; and
             1206          (ii) notify the department that the applicable license is revoked; or
             1207          (b) if the Department of Commerce or Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission has
             1208      not issued an applicable license to an individual described in Subsection (2)(d)(i), notify the
             1209      department that an applicable license has not been issued to an individual described in
             1210      Subsection (2)(d)(i).
             1211          (5) If an individual described in Subsection (2)(d)(i) is licensed to practice law in the
             1212      state and the department finds a third or subsequent violation of Subsection 63G-12-301 (1), the
             1213      department shall notify the Utah State Bar of the third and subsequent violation.
             1214          Section 29. Section 63G-12-401 , which is renumbered from Section 63G-11-102 is
             1215      renumbered and amended to read:
             1216     
Part 4. Identification and General Verification

             1217           [63G-11-102].     63G-12-401. Creation of identity documents -- Issuance to
             1218      citizens, nationals, and legal permanent resident aliens -- Exceptions.
             1219          (1) The following entities may create, publish, or otherwise manufacture an
             1220      identification document, identification card, or identification certificate and possess an
             1221      engraved plate or other device for the printing of an identification document:
             1222          (a) a federal, state, or local government agency for employee identification, which is
             1223      designed to identify the bearer as an employee;
             1224          (b) a federal, state, or local government agency for purposes authorized or required by
             1225      law or a legitimate purpose consistent with the duties of the agency, including such documents
             1226      as voter identification cards, identification cards, passports, birth certificates, and Social
             1227      Security cards; and
             1228          (c) a public school or state or private educational institution to identify the bearer as an
             1229      administrator, faculty member, student, or employee.
             1230          (2) The name of the issuing entity shall be clearly printed upon the face of the
             1231      identification document.
             1232          (3) Except as otherwise provided in Subsections (4) and (5) or by federal law, an entity
             1233      providing an identity document, card, or certificate under Subsection (1)(b) or (c) shall issue
             1234      the document, card, or certificate only to:



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             1235
         (a) a United States citizen;
             1236          (b) a national; or
             1237          (c) a legal permanent resident alien.
             1238          (4) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an applicant for an identification document
             1239      who presents, in person, valid documentary evidence of the applicant's:
             1240          (i) unexpired immigrant or nonimmigrant visa status for admission into the United
             1241      States;
             1242          (ii) pending or approved application for asylum in the United States;
             1243          (iii) admission into the United States as a refugee;
             1244          (iv) pending or approved application for temporary protected status in the United
             1245      States;
             1246          (v) approved deferred action status; or
             1247          (vi) pending application for adjustment of status to legal permanent resident or
             1248      conditional resident.
             1249          (b) (i) An entity listed in Subsection (1)(b) or (c) may issue a Subsection (1)(b) or (c)
             1250      identification document to an applicant who satisfies the requirements of Subsection (4)(a).
             1251          (ii) Except as otherwise provided by federal law, the document is valid only:
             1252          (A) during the period of time of the individual's authorized stay in the United States; or
             1253          (B) for one year from the date of issuance if there is no definite end to the individual's
             1254      period of authorized stay.
             1255          (iii) An entity issuing an identification document under this Subsection (4) shall clearly
             1256      indicate on the document:
             1257          (A) that it is temporary; and
             1258          (B) its expiration date.
             1259          (c) An individual may renew a document issued under this Subsection (4) only upon
             1260      presentation of valid documentary evidence that the status by which the individual originally
             1261      qualified for the identification document has been extended by the United States Citizenship
             1262      and Immigration Services or other authorized agency of the United States Department of
             1263      Homeland Security.
             1264          (5) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an identification document issued under
             1265      Subsection (1)(c) that:



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             1266
         (i) is only valid for use on the educational institution's campus or facility; and
             1267          (ii) includes a statement of the restricted use conspicuously printed upon the face of the
             1268      identification document.
             1269          (b) Subsection (3) does not apply to a license certificate, driving privilege card, or
             1270      identification card issued or renewed under Title 53, Chapter 3, Uniform Driver License Act.
             1271          (c) Subsection (3) does not apply to a public transit pass issued by a public transit
             1272      district as defined in Title 17B, Chapter 2a, Part 8, Public Transit District Act, that:
             1273          (i) is only valid for use on the public transit system; and
             1274          (ii) includes a statement of the restricted use conspicuously printed on the face of the
             1275      public transit pass.
             1276          (d) Subsection (3) does not apply to a permit issued under Section 63G-12-207 .
             1277          (6) This section shall be enforced without regard to race, religion, gender, ethnicity, or
             1278      national origin.
             1279          Section 30. Section 63G-12-402 , which is renumbered from Section 63G-11-104 is
             1280      renumbered and amended to read:
             1281           [63G-11-104].     63G-12-402. Receipt of state, local, or federal public benefits
             1282      -- Verification -- Exceptions -- Fraudulently obtaining benefits -- Criminal penalties --
             1283      Annual report.
             1284          [(1) As used in this section, "federal program" means the Systematic Alien Verification
             1285      for Entitlements Program operated by the United States Department of Homeland Security or
             1286      an equivalent program designated by the Department of Homeland Security.]
             1287          [(2)] (1) Except as provided in Subsection [(4)] (3) or when exempted by federal law,
             1288      an agency or political subdivision of the state shall verify the lawful presence in the United
             1289      States of an individual at least 18 years of age who applies for:
             1290          (a) a state or local public benefit as defined in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1621; or
             1291          (b) a federal public benefit as defined in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1611, that is administered by an
             1292      agency or political subdivision of this state.
             1293          [(3)] (2) This section shall be enforced without regard to race, religion, gender,
             1294      ethnicity, or national origin.
             1295          [(4)] (3) Verification of lawful presence under this section is not required for:
             1296          (a) any purpose for which lawful presence in the United States is not restricted by law,



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             1297
     ordinance, or regulation;
             1298          (b) assistance for health care items and services that:
             1299          (i) are necessary for the treatment of an emergency medical condition, as defined in 42
             1300      U.S.C. Sec. 1396b(v)(3), of the individual involved; and
             1301          (ii) are not related to an organ transplant procedure;
             1302          (c) short-term, noncash, in-kind emergency disaster relief;
             1303          (d) public health assistance for immunizations with respect to immunizable diseases
             1304      and for testing and treatment of symptoms of communicable diseases whether or not the
             1305      symptoms are caused by the communicable disease;
             1306          (e) programs, services, or assistance such as soup kitchens, crisis counseling and
             1307      intervention, and short-term shelter, specified by the United States Attorney General, in the
             1308      sole and unreviewable discretion of the United States Attorney General after consultation with
             1309      appropriate federal agencies and departments, that:
             1310          (i) deliver in-kind services at the community level, including through public or private
             1311      nonprofit agencies;
             1312          (ii) do not condition the provision of assistance, the amount of assistance provided, or
             1313      the cost of assistance provided on the income or resources of the individual recipient; and
             1314          (iii) are necessary for the protection of life or safety;
             1315          (f) the exemption for paying the nonresident portion of total tuition as set forth in
             1316      Section 53B-8-106 ;
             1317          (g) an applicant for a license under Section 61-1-4 , if the applicant:
             1318          (i) is registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority; and
             1319          (ii) files an application with the state Division of Securities through the Central
             1320      Registration Depository;
             1321          (h) a state public benefit to be given to an individual under Title 49, Utah State
             1322      Retirement and Insurance Benefit Act;
             1323          (i) a home loan that will be insured, guaranteed, or purchased by:
             1324          (i) the Federal Housing Administration, the Veterans Administration, or any other
             1325      federal agency; or
             1326          (ii) an enterprise as defined in 12 U.S.C. Sec. 4502;
             1327          (j) a subordinate loan or a grant that will be made to an applicant in connection with a



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             1328
     home loan that does not require verification under Subsection [(4)] (3)(i); and
             1329          (k) an applicant for a license issued by the Department of Commerce, if the applicant
             1330      provides the Department of Commerce:
             1331          (i) certification, under penalty of perjury, that the applicant is:
             1332          (A) a United States citizen;
             1333          (B) a qualified alien as defined in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1641; or
             1334          (C) lawfully present in the United States; and
             1335          (ii) a valid driver license number for a driver license issued by:
             1336          (A) Utah on or after January 1, 2010; or
             1337          (B) a state other than Utah that as part of issuing the driver license verifies an
             1338      individual's lawful presence in the United States.
             1339          [(5)] (4) (a) An agency or political subdivision required to verify the lawful presence in
             1340      the United States of an applicant under this section shall require the applicant to certify under
             1341      penalty of perjury that:
             1342          [(a)] (i) the applicant is a United States citizen; or
             1343          [(b)] (ii) the applicant is:
             1344          [(i)] (A) a qualified alien as defined in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1641; and
             1345          [(ii)] (B) lawfully present in the United States.
             1346          (b) The certificate required under this Subsection (4) shall include a statement advising
             1347      the signer that providing false information subjects the signer to penalties for perjury.
             1348          [(6)] (5) An agency or political subdivision shall verify a certification required under
             1349      Subsection [(5)] (4)(b) through the federal SAVE program.
             1350          [(7)] (6) (a) An individual who knowingly and willfully makes a false, fictitious, or
             1351      fraudulent statement or representation in a certification under Subsection [(4)] (3)(k) or [(5)]
             1352      (4) is subject to the criminal penalties applicable in this state for:
             1353          (i) making a written false statement under Subsection 76-8-504 (2); and
             1354          (ii) fraudulently obtaining:
             1355          (A) public assistance program benefits under Sections 76-8-1205 and 76-8-1206 ; or
             1356          (B) unemployment compensation under Section 76-8-1301 .
             1357          (b) If the certification constitutes a false claim of United States citizenship under 18
             1358      U.S.C. Sec. 911, the agency or political subdivision shall file a complaint with the United



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             1359
     States Attorney General for the applicable district based upon the venue in which the
             1360      application was made.
             1361          (c) If an agency or political subdivision receives verification that a person making an
             1362      application for a benefit, service, or license is not a qualified alien, the agency or political
             1363      subdivision shall provide the information to the Office of the Attorney General unless
             1364      prohibited by federal mandate.
             1365          [(8)] (7) An agency or political subdivision may adopt variations to the requirements of
             1366      this section that:
             1367          (a) clearly improve the efficiency of or reduce delay in the verification process; or
             1368          (b) provide for adjudication of unique individual circumstances where the verification
             1369      procedures in this section would impose an unusual hardship on a legal resident of Utah.
             1370          [(9)] (8) It is unlawful for an agency or a political subdivision of this state to provide a
             1371      state, local, or federal benefit, as defined in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1611 and 1621, in violation of this
             1372      section.
             1373          [(10)] (9) A state agency or department that administers a program of state or local
             1374      public benefits shall:
             1375          (a) provide an annual report to the governor, the president of the Senate, and the
             1376      speaker of the House regarding its compliance with this section; and
             1377          (b) (i) monitor the federal SAVE program for application verification errors and
             1378      significant delays;
             1379          (ii) provide an annual report on the errors and delays to ensure that the application of
             1380      the federal SAVE program is not erroneously denying a state or local benefit to a legal resident
             1381      of the state; and
             1382          (iii) report delays and errors in the federal SAVE program to the United States
             1383      Department of Homeland Security.
             1384          Section 31. Section 63I-2-173 is enacted to read:
             1385          63I-2-173. Repeal dates -- Title 13.
             1386          Title 13, Chapter 47, Private Employer Verification Act, is repealed on the program
             1387      state date, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 .
             1388          Section 32. Section 63J-1-602.4 is amended to read:
             1389           63J-1-602.4. List of nonlapsing funds and accounts -- Title 61 through Title 63M.



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             1390
         (1) The Utah Housing Opportunity Restricted Account created in Section 61-2-204 .
             1391          (2) Funds paid to the Division of Real Estate for the cost of a criminal background
             1392      check for a mortgage loan license, as provided in Section 61-2c-202 .
             1393          (3) Funds paid to the Division of Real Estate for the cost of a criminal background
             1394      check for principal broker, associate broker, and sales agent licenses, as provided in Section
             1395      61-2f-204 .
             1396          (4) Certain funds donated to the Department of Human Services, as provided in
             1397      Section 62A-1-111 .
             1398          (5) Certain funds donated to the Division of Child and Family Services, as provided in
             1399      Section 62A-4a-110 .
             1400          (6) Appropriations to the Division of Services for People with Disabilities, as provided
             1401      in Section 62A-5-102 .
             1402          (7) Certain donations to the Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health, as
             1403      provided in Section 62A-15-103 .
             1404          (8) Assessments for DUI violations that are forwarded to an account created by a
             1405      county treasurer, as provided in Section 62A-15-503 .
             1406          (9) The Risk Management Fund created under Section 63A-4-201 .
             1407          (10) The Child Welfare Parental Defense Fund created in Section 63A-11-203 .
             1408          (11) The Constitutional Defense Restricted Account created in Section 63C-4-103 .
             1409          (12) A portion of the funds appropriated to the Utah Seismic Safety Commission, as
             1410      provided in Section 63C-6-104 .
             1411          (13) Funding for the Medical Education Program administered by the Medical
             1412      Education Council, as provided in Section 63C-8-102 .
             1413          (14) Certain money payable for commission expenses of the Pete Suazo Utah Athletic
             1414      Commission, as provided under Section 63C-11-301 .
             1415          (15) Funds collected for publishing the Division of Administrative Rules' publications,
             1416      as provided in Section 63G-3-402 .
             1417          (16) The Immigration Act Restricted Account created in Section 63G-12-103 .
             1418          [(16)] (17) Money received by the military installation development authority, as
             1419      provided in Section 63H-1-504 .
             1420          [(17)] (18) The appropriation to fund the Governor's Office of Economic



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             1421
     Development's Enterprise Zone Act, as provided in Section 63M-1-416 .
             1422          [(18)] (19) The Tourism Marketing Performance Account, as provided in Section
             1423      63M-1-1406 .
             1424          [(19)] (20) Certain money in the Development for Disadvantaged Rural Communities
             1425      Restricted Account, as provided in Section 63M-1-2003 .
             1426          [(20)] (21) Appropriations to the Utah Science Technology and Research Governing
             1427      Authority, created under Section 63M-2-301 , as provided under Section 63M-2-302 .
             1428          [(21)] (22) Certain money in the Rural Broadband Service Account, as provided in
             1429      Section 63M-1-2303 .
             1430          Section 33. Section 67-5-22.7 is amended to read:
             1431           67-5-22.7. Multi-agency strike force to combat violent and other major felony
             1432      crimes associated with illegal immigration and human trafficking -- Fraudulent
             1433      Documents Identification Unit.
             1434          (1) The Office of the Attorney General is authorized to administer and coordinate the
             1435      operation of a multi-agency strike force to combat violent and other major felony crimes
             1436      committed within the state that are associated with illegal immigration and human trafficking.
             1437          (2) The office shall invite officers of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
             1438      and state and local law enforcement personnel to participate in this mutually supportive,
             1439      multi-agency strike force to more effectively utilize their combined skills, expertise, and
             1440      resources.
             1441          (3) The strike force shall focus its efforts on detecting, investigating, deterring, and
             1442      eradicating violent and other major felony criminal activity related to illegal immigration and
             1443      human trafficking.
             1444          (4) In conjunction with the strike force and subject to available funding, the Office of
             1445      the Attorney General shall establish a Fraudulent Documents Identification Unit:
             1446          (a) for the primary purpose of investigating, apprehending, and prosecuting individuals
             1447      or entities that participate in the sale or distribution of fraudulent documents used for
             1448      identification purposes; [and]
             1449          (b) to specialize in fraudulent identification documents created and prepared for
             1450      individuals who are unlawfully residing within the state[.]; and
             1451          (c) to administer the Identity Theft Victims Restricted Account created under



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             1452
     Subsection (5).
             1453          (5) (a) There is created a restricted account in the General Fund known as the "Identity
             1454      Theft Victims Restricted Account."
             1455          (b) The Identity Theft Victims Restricted Account shall consist of money appropriated
             1456      to the Identity Theft Victims Restricted Account by the Legislature.
             1457          (c) Subject to appropriations from the Legislature, the Fraudulent Documents
             1458      Identification Unit may expend the money in the Identity Theft Victims Restricted Account to
             1459      pay a claim as provided in this Subsection (5) to a person who is a victim of identity theft
             1460      prosecuted under Section 76-6-1102 or 76-10-1801 .
             1461          (d) To obtain payment from the Identity Theft Victims Restricted Account, a person
             1462      shall file a claim with the Fraudulent Documents Identification Unit by no later than one year
             1463      after the day on which an individual is convicted, pleads guilty, pleads no contest to, pleads
             1464      guilty in a similar manner to, or resolved by diversion or its equivalent an offense under
             1465      Section 76-6-1102 or 76-10-1801 for the theft of the identity of the person filing the claim.
             1466          (e) A claim filed under this Subsection (5) shall include evidence satisfactory to the
             1467      Fraudulent Documents Identification Unit:
             1468          (i) that the person is the victim of identity theft described in Subsection (5)(d); and
             1469          (ii) of the actual damages experienced by the person as a result of the identity theft that
             1470      are not recovered from a public or private source.
             1471          (f) The Fraudulent Documents Identification Unit shall pay a claim from the Identity
             1472      Theft Victims Restricted Account:
             1473          (i) if the Fraudulent Documents Identification Unit determines that the person has
             1474      provided sufficient evidence to meet the requirements of Subsection (5)(e);
             1475          (ii) in the order that claims are filed with the Fraudulent Documents Identification
             1476      Unit; and
             1477          (iii) to the extent that it there is money in the Identity Theft Victims Restricted
             1478      Account.
             1479          (g) If there is insufficient money in the Identity Theft Victims Restrict Account when a
             1480      claim is filed under this Subsection (5) to pay the claim in full, the Fraudulent Documents
             1481      Identification Unit may pay a claim when there is sufficient money in the account to pay the
             1482      claim in the order that the claims are filed.



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             1483
         [(5)] (6) The strike force shall make an annual report on its activities to the governor
             1484      and the Legislature's Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Interim Committee by December
             1485      1, together with any proposed recommendations for modifications to this section.
             1486          Section 34. Section 76-9-1001 is enacted to read:
             1487     
Part 10. Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act

             1488          76-9-1001. Title.
             1489          This part is known as the "Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act."
             1490          Section 35. Section 76-9-1002 is enacted to read:
             1491          76-9-1002. Definitions.
             1492          As used in this part:
             1493          (1) "Alien" means a person who is not a citizen or national of the United States.
             1494          (2) "Law enforcement agency" means an entity of the federal government, a state, or a
             1495      political subdivision of a state, including a state institution of higher education, that exists
             1496      primarily to prevent and detect crime and enforce criminal laws, statutes, and ordinances.
             1497          (3) "Law enforcement officer" has the same meaning as in Section 53-13-103 .
             1498          (4) "Lawfully present in the United States" is as defined in 8 C.F.R. Sec. 103.12,
             1499      except that on or after the program start date, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 , an individual
             1500      who holds a valid permit, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 , is considered lawfully present in
             1501      the United States for purposes of this part.
             1502          (5) "Verify immigration status" or "verification of immigration status" means the
             1503      determination of a person's immigration status by:
             1504          (a) a law enforcement officer who is authorized by a federal agency to determine an
             1505      alien's immigration status; or
             1506          (b) the United States Department of Homeland Security, including Immigration and
             1507      Customs Enforcement, or other federal agency authorized to provide immigration status as
             1508      provided by 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373(c).
             1509          Section 36. Section 76-9-1003 is enacted to read:
             1510          76-9-1003. Detention or arrest -- Determination of immigration status.
             1511          (1) (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Subsection (1), a law enforcement officer:
             1512          (i) shall request verification of the immigration status of an individual when the law
             1513      enforcement officer acting in the enforcement of a state law or local ordinance:



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             1514
         (A) conducts a lawful stop, detention, or arrest of the individual for an alleged offense
             1515      that is a class A misdemeanor or a felony; and
             1516          (B) the individual is unable to provide to the law enforcement officer a document listed
             1517      in Section 76-9-1004 ; and
             1518          (ii) may request verification of the immigration status of an individual when the law
             1519      enforcement officer acting in the enforcement of a state law or local ordinance:
             1520          (A) conducts a lawful stop, detention, or arrest of the individual for an alleged offense
             1521      that is a class B misdemeanor or a class C misdemeanor; and
             1522          (B) the individual is unable to provide to the law enforcement officer a document listed
             1523      in Section 76-9-1004 .
             1524          (b) In an individual case, the law enforcement officer may forego a request for
             1525      verification of immigration status under Subsection (1)(a) if the verification of immigration
             1526      status could hinder or obstruct a criminal investigation.
             1527          (c) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a law enforcement officer who is acting as a
             1528      school resource officer for any elementary or secondary school.
             1529          (d) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a law enforcement officer for a county, city, or
             1530      town if the county, city, or town has only one law enforcement officer on duty and response
             1531      support from another law enforcement agency is not available.
             1532          (2) When a law enforcement officer makes a lawful stop, detention, or arrest under
             1533      Subsection (1) of the operator of a vehicle, and while investigating or processing the primary
             1534      offense, the law enforcement officer makes observations that give the officer reasonable
             1535      suspicion that the operator or a passenger in the vehicle is violating Section 76-5-309 ,
             1536      76-5-310 , or 76-10-2901 , the law enforcement officer shall, to the extent possible within a
             1537      reasonable period of time:
             1538          (a) detain the one or more occupants of the vehicle to investigate the suspected
             1539      violation; and
             1540          (b) request verification of immigration status of the one or more occupants of the
             1541      vehicle.
             1542          (3) When an individual described in Subsection (1) is issued a citation or is arrested
             1543      and booked into a jail, juvenile detention facility, or correctional facility, the citing law
             1544      enforcement officer or the booking law enforcement officer shall ensure that a request for



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             1545
     verification of immigration status of the cited or arrested individual is submitted as promptly as
             1546      is reasonably possible.
             1547          (4) The law enforcement agency that has custody of an individual verified to be an
             1548      alien who is not lawfully present in the United States shall request that the United States
             1549      Department of Homeland Security issue a detainer requesting transfer of the illegal alien into
             1550      federal custody.
             1551          (5) A law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national origin in
             1552      implementing this section, except to the extent permitted by the constitutions of the United
             1553      States and this state.
             1554          Section 37. Section 76-9-1004 is enacted to read:
             1555          76-9-1004. Documents to be provided a law enforcement officer -- Statement to
             1556      law enforcement officer of citizenship.
             1557          A document specified in Subsection 76-9-1003 (1) includes the following:
             1558          (1) a valid Utah driver license issued on or after January 1, 2010;
             1559          (2) a valid Utah identification card issued under Section 53-3-804 issued on or after
             1560      January 1, 2010;
             1561          (3) a valid tribal enrollment card or other valid form of tribal membership
             1562      identification that includes photo identification;
             1563          (4) notwithstanding Section 53-3-207 , a valid driving privilege card issued under
             1564      Section 53-3-207 ;
             1565          (5) a valid permit issued under Section 63G-12-207 ;
             1566          (6) a valid permit to carry a concealed firearm issued under Section 53-5-704 ; or
             1567          (7) a valid identification document that:
             1568          (a) includes a photo or biometric identifier of the holder of the document; and
             1569          (b) is issued by a federal, state, or local governmental agency that requires proof or
             1570      verification of legal presence in the United States as a condition of issuance of the document.
             1571          Section 38. Section 76-9-1005 is enacted to read:
             1572          76-9-1005. Implementation to be consistent with federal law and civil rights.
             1573          A state or local agency shall implement this part in a manner that is consistent with
             1574      federal laws that regulate immigration, protect the civil rights of all persons, and establish the
             1575      privileges and immunities of United States citizens.



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             1576
         Section 39. Section 76-10-2901 is amended to read:
             1577           76-10-2901. Transporting or harboring aliens -- Definition -- Penalty.
             1578          (1) [For purposes of] As used in this part[,]:
             1579          (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), "alien" means an individual who is
             1580      illegally present in the United States.
             1581          (b) On or after the program start date, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 , "alien" does
             1582      not include an individual who holds a valid permit, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 .
             1583          (2) It is unlawful for a person to:
             1584          (a) transport, move, or attempt to transport into this state or for a distance of greater
             1585      than 100 miles within the state an alien for commercial advantage or private financial gain,
             1586      knowing or in reckless disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States in violation of
             1587      federal law, in furtherance of the illegal presence of the alien in the United States; [or]
             1588          (b) knowingly, with the intent to violate federal immigration law, conceal, harbor, or
             1589      shelter from detection an alien in a place within this state, including a building or means of
             1590      transportation for commercial advantage or private financial gain, knowing or in reckless
             1591      disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States in violation of federal law[.];
             1592          (c) encourage or induce an alien to come to, enter, or reside in this state, knowing or in
             1593      reckless disregard of the fact that the alien's coming to, entry, or residence is or will be in
             1594      violation of law; or
             1595          (d) engage in a conspiracy, for commercial advantage or private financial gain, to
             1596      commit an offense listed in this Subsection (2).
             1597          (3) (a) A person who violates Subsection (2)(a) is guilty of a third degree felony.
             1598          (b) A person who violates Subsection (2)(b) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             1599          (4) Nothing in this part prohibits or restricts the provision of:
             1600          (a) a state or local public benefit described in 8 U.S.C., Section 1621(b); or
             1601          (b) charitable or humanitarian assistance, including medical care, housing, counseling,
             1602      food, victim assistance, religious services and sacraments, and transportation to and from a
             1603      location where the assistance is provided, by a charitable, educational, or religious organization
             1604      or its employees, agents, or volunteers, using private funds.
             1605          (5) (a) It is not a violation of this part for a religious denomination or organization or
             1606      an agent, officer, or member of a religious denomination or organization to encourage, invite,



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             1607
     call, allow, or enable an alien to perform the vocation of a minister or missionary for the
             1608      denomination or organization in the United States as a volunteer who is not compensated as an
             1609      employee, notwithstanding the provision of room, board, travel, medical assistance, and other
             1610      basic living expenses.
             1611          (b) Subsection (5)(a) applies only to an alien who has been a member of the religious
             1612      denomination or organization for at least one year.
             1613          Section 40. Section 77-7-2 is amended to read:
             1614           77-7-2. Arrest by peace officers.
             1615          A peace officer may make an arrest under authority of a warrant or may, without
             1616      warrant, arrest a person:
             1617          (1) (a) for any public offense committed or attempted in the presence of any peace
             1618      officer; and
             1619          (b) as used in this Subsection (1), "presence" includes all of the physical senses or any
             1620      device that enhances the acuity, sensitivity, or range of any physical sense, or records the
             1621      observations of any of the physical senses;
             1622          (2) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe a felony or a class A
             1623      misdemeanor has been committed and has reasonable cause to believe that the person arrested
             1624      has committed it;
             1625          (3) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has committed a
             1626      public offense, and there is reasonable cause for believing the person may:
             1627          (a) flee or conceal himself to avoid arrest;
             1628          (b) destroy or conceal evidence of the commission of the offense; or
             1629          (c) injure another person or damage property belonging to another person; [or]
             1630          (4) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has committed
             1631      the offense of failure to disclose identity under Section 76-8-301.5 [.]; or
             1632          (5) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that the person is an alien:
             1633          (a) subject to a civil removal order issued by an immigration judge;
             1634          (b) regarding whom a civil detainer warrant has been issued by the federal Department
             1635      of Homeland Security;
             1636          (c) who has been charged or convicted in another state with one or more aggravated
             1637      felonies as defined by 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1101(a)(43); or



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             1638
         (d) who has willfully failed to comply with federal alien registration laws, except this
             1639      Subsection (5)(d) does not apply on or after the program start date, as defined in Section
             1640      63G-12-102 , and the person holds a valid permit, as defined in Section 63G-12-102 .





Legislative Review Note
    as of 3-1-11 12:06 PM


As required by legislative rule and practice, the Office of Legislative Research and General
Counsel provides the following legislative review note to assist the Legislature in making its
own determination as to the constitutionality of the bill. The note is based on an analysis of
relevant state and federal constitutional law as applied to the bill. The note is not written for the
purpose of influencing whether the bill should become law, but is written to provide
information relevant to legislators' consideration of this bill. The note is not a substitute for the
judgment of the judiciary, which has authority to determine the constitutionality of a law in the
context of a specific case.

The Constitution of the United States grants authority to the federal government to regulate
foreign commerce and to adopt a uniform rule of naturalization. The United States Supreme
Court has also found inherent federal authority to regulate immigration on the basis of federal
sovereignty and the power to engage in foreign affairs: this is sometimes referred to as the
"plenary power," which in more recent years has been made subject to certain constitutional
limits. See, e.g., Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001); Fong Yue Ting v. United States, 149
U.S. 698 (1893); Hernandez-Carrera v. Carlson, 547 F.3d 1237 (10th Cir. 2009). Federal
immigration law generally consists of both civil and criminal laws regarding admission of
foreign nationals, including the criteria and means for selection and the basis and procedure for
removal; citizenship by birth or by naturalization; criminal actions, such as transporting or
harboring an alien; and related laws such as access to public benefits, employment of
unauthorized aliens, issuance of driver licenses, etc. The key federal statute is the Immigration
and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1101 et seq. (INA).

When a state regulates in the area of immigration, the issue arises of whether the state action is
preempted by federal law. To determine whether preemption exists, courts generally examine
whether the state regulation fails at least one of three tests: Is it preempted because of a
conflict with federal law? Is it preempted because federal law has so occupied the field that
states are not allowed to regulate in the area? Is there an express preemption of state action?

The bill addresses areas also addressed by federal law such as accessing and disclosing
immigration information. Significantly, this bill provides a means by which a person may
employ an unauthorized alien in this state if the unauthorized alien is issued a state permit, and
the bill imposes state specific penalties that include both fines and loss of professional licenses
for hiring an unauthorized alien without a permit. Federal law, in 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1324a, makes
it unlawful to hire, recruit ,or refer for a fee, an alien for employment in the United States
knowing that the alien is an unauthorized alien. This section further provides that "The



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provisions of this section preempt any State or local law imposing civil or criminal sanctions

(other than through licensing and similar laws) upon those who employ, or recruit or refer for a
fee for employment, unauthorized aliens."

The bill requires the executive branch to seek waivers that would authorize the state program,
but provides for implementation in the absence of such a waiver. Although federal law contains
measures to allow cooperation between the federal government and a state, the INA and related
regulations do not have an express process to provide a waiver that grants states authority to act
in areas that are governed by federal law. In the absence of an effective waiver recognized as
valid by the courts, under current law, there is a high probability that a court would find that
portions of this bill as unconstitutional because they are preempted by federal law as applied
through the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution of the United States.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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