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S.B. 57 Enrolled

             1     

ANIMAL CONTROL - EXCEPTION FOR COMMUNITY CATS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Dennis E. Stowell

             5     
House Sponsor: Don L. Ipson

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill creates an Animal Welfare chapter in Title 11, Cities, Counties, and Local
             10      Taxing Units.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    defines a sponsor of a cat colony as a person who actively traps cats in a colony for
             15      the purpose of sterilizing, vaccinating, and ear-tipping before returning the cat to its
             16      original location;
             17          .    exempts community cats from the five-day mandatory hold requirement;
             18          .    allows a city or county to set up a permitting process for cat colonies and provide
             19      notice to adjacent property owners; and
             20          .    allows a shelter that receives a feral cat to release it to a sponsor that operates a
             21      community cat program.
             22      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:
             28          77-24-1.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             29      ENACTS:


             30          11-46-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31          11-46-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32          11-46-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33          11-46-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34          11-46-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35          11-46-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             36          11-46-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             37          11-46-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38      RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
             39          11-46-202, (Renumbered from 17-42-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003,
             40      Chapter 292)
             41          11-46-203, (Renumbered from 17-42-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000,
             42      Chapter 217)
             43          11-46-204, (Renumbered from 17-42-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000,
             44      Chapter 217)
             45          11-46-205, (Renumbered from 17-42-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000,
             46      Chapter 217)
             47          11-46-206, (Renumbered from 17-42-105.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter
             48      217)
             49          11-46-207, (Renumbered from 17-42-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter
             50      156)
             51          11-46-208, (Renumbered from 17-42-107, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter
             52      156)
             53      REPEALS:
             54          10-8-64, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 282
             55          10-17-101, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             56          10-17-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 292
             57          10-17-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217


             58          10-17-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217
             59          10-17-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217
             60          10-17-105.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217
             61          10-17-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             62          10-17-107, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             63          17-42-101, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             64     
             65      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             66          Section 1. Section 11-46-101 is enacted to read:
             67     
CHAPTER 46. ANIMAL WELFARE ACT

             68     
Part 1. General Provisions

             69          11-46-101. Title.
             70          This chapter is known as the "Animal Welfare Act."
             71          Section 2. Section 11-46-102 is enacted to read:
             72          11-46-102. Definitions.
             73          As used in this chapter:
             74          (1) "Animal" means a cat or dog.
             75          (2) "Animal control officer" means any person employed or appointed by a county or a
             76      municipality who is authorized to investigate violations of laws and ordinances concerning
             77      animals, to issue citations in accordance with Utah law, and take custody of animals as
             78      appropriate in the enforcement of the laws and ordinances.
             79          (3) "Animal shelter" means a facility or program:
             80          (a) providing services for stray, lost, or unwanted animals, including holding and
             81      placing the animals for adoption, but does not include an institution conducting research on
             82      animals, as defined in Section 26-26-1 ; or
             83          (b) a private humane society or private animal welfare organization.
             84          (4) "Person" means an individual, an entity, or a representative of an entity.
             85          Section 3. Section 11-46-103 is enacted to read:


             86          11-46-103. Stray animals.
             87          (1) Each municipal or county animal control officer shall hold any unidentified or
             88      unclaimed stray animal in safe and humane custody for a minimum of five business days after
             89      the time of impound and prior to making any final disposition of the animal.
             90          (2) A record of each animal held shall be maintained. The record shall include:
             91          (a) date of impound;
             92          (b) date of disposition; and
             93          (c) method of disposition, which may be:
             94          (i) placement in an adoptive home or other transfer of the animal, which shall be in
             95      compliance with Part 2, Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act;
             96          (ii) return to its owner;
             97          (iii) placement in a community cat program as defined in Section 11-46-302 ; or
             98          (iv) euthanasia.
             99          (3) An unidentified or unclaimed stray animal may be euthanized prior to the
             100      completion of the five working day minimum holding period to prevent unnecessary suffering
             101      due to serious injury or disease, if the euthanasia is in compliance with written agency or
             102      department policies and procedures, and with any local ordinances allowing the euthanasia.
             103          (4) An unidentified or unclaimed stray animal shall be returned to its owner upon:
             104          (a) proof of ownership;
             105          (b) compliance with requirements of local animal control ordinances; and
             106          (c) compliance with Part 2, Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act.
             107          Section 4. Section 11-46-201 is enacted to read:
             108     
Part 2. Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act

             109          11-46-201. Title.
             110          This part is known as the "Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act."
             111          Section 5. Section 11-46-202 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-102 is
             112      renumbered and amended to read:
             113           [17-42-102].     11-46-202. Definitions.


             114          [As] In addition to the definitions in Section 11-46-102 , as used in this [chapter] part:
             115          [(1) "Animal" means a cat or dog.]
             116          [(2) "Animal shelter" means a facility or program:]
             117          [(a) providing services for stray, lost, or unwanted animals, including holding and
             118      placing the animals for adoption, but does not include an institution conducting research on
             119      animals, as defined in Section 26-26-1 ; and]
             120          [(b) operated by:]
             121          [(i) a first or second class county as defined in Section 17-50-501 ;]
             122          [(ii) a city of the first, second, or third class;]
             123          [(iii) a first or second class county operating the shelter jointly with any municipality;
             124      or]
             125          [(iv) a private humane society or private animal welfare organization located within a
             126      first or second class county or within a city of the first, second, or third class.]
             127          [(3) "Person" means an individual, an entity, or a representative of an entity.]
             128          [(4)] (1) "Proof of sterilization" means a written document signed by a veterinarian
             129      licensed under Title 58, Chapter 28, Veterinary Practice Act, stating:
             130          (a) a specified animal has been sterilized;
             131          (b) the date on which the sterilization was performed; and
             132          (c) the location where the sterilization was performed.
             133          [(5)] (2) "Recipient" means the person to whom an animal shelter transfers an animal
             134      for adoption.
             135          [(6)] (3) "Sterilization deposit" means the portion of a fee charged by an animal shelter
             136      to a recipient or claimant of an unsterilized animal to ensure the animal is timely sterilized in
             137      accordance with an agreement between the recipient or the claimant and the animal shelter.
             138          [(7)] (4) "Sterilized" means that an animal has been surgically altered either by the
             139      spaying of a female animal or by the neutering of a male animal, so it is unable to reproduce.
             140          [(8)] (5) "Transfer" means that an animal shelter sells, gives away, places for adoption,
             141      or transfers an animal to a recipient.


             142          Section 6. Section 11-46-203 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-103 is
             143      renumbered and amended to read:
             144           [17-42-103].     11-46-203. Animal shelters to transfer only sterilized
             145      animals, or shall require sterilization deposit.
             146          (1) An animal shelter may not transfer an animal that has not been sterilized, except as
             147      provided in Subsection (2) or Section [ 17-42-105.5 ] 11-46-206 .
             148          (2) An animal shelter may transfer an animal for adoption that has not been sterilized
             149      only if the animal shelter:
             150          (a) establishes a written agreement, executed by the recipient, stating the animal is not
             151      sterilized and the recipient agrees in writing to be responsible for ensuring the animal is
             152      sterilized:
             153          (i) within 30 days after the agreement is signed, if the animal is six months of age or
             154      older; or
             155          (ii) if the animal is younger than six months of age, within 30 days after the animal
             156      becomes six months of age; and
             157          (b) receives from the recipient a sterilization deposit as provided under Section
             158      [ 17-42-104 ] 11-46-204 , the terms of which are part of the written agreement executed by the
             159      recipient [under] in accordance with this section.
             160          (3) The shelter may waive the sterilization deposit and release any unsterilized animal
             161      to a sponsor, as defined in Section 11-46-302 , provided the sponsor is a non-profit organization
             162      that qualifies as being tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and
             163      provides proof of sterilization within 30 days.
             164          Section 7. Section 11-46-204 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-104 is
             165      renumbered and amended to read:
             166           [17-42-104].     11-46-204. Sterilization deposit.
             167          (1) A sterilization deposit may be:
             168          (a) a portion of the adoption fee or purchase price of the [pet] animal, which will
             169      enable the adopter to take the [pet] animal for sterilization to a veterinarian with whom the


             170      animal shelter has an agreement that the veterinarian will bill the animal shelter directly for the
             171      sterilization;
             172          (b) a deposit that is:
             173          (i) refundable to the recipient if proof of sterilization of the animal within the
             174      appropriate time limits under Section [ 17-42-103 ] 11-46-203 is presented to the animal shelter
             175      not more than three months after the date the animal is sterilized; and
             176          (ii) forfeited to the animal shelter if proof of sterilization is not presented to the animal
             177      shelter in compliance with Subsection (1)(b)(i); or
             178          (c) a deposit under Section [ 17-42-105.5 ] 11-46-206 required for an owner to claim an
             179      unsterilized animal impounded at the animal shelter.
             180          (2) Sterilization deposits under Subsection (1) shall reflect the average reduced cost of
             181      a sterilization of an animal, based on the gender and weight of the animal, that is reasonably
             182      available in the area where the animal shelter is located, but the deposit may not be less than
             183      $25.
             184          (3) If a female [dog or cat] animal and her litter are transferred to one person, a
             185      sterilization deposit is required only for the female [dog or cat] animal.
             186          (4) All sterilization deposits forfeited or unclaimed under this section shall be retained
             187      by the animal shelter and [shall be] used by the animal shelter only for:
             188          (a) a program to sterilize animals, which may include a sliding scale fee program;
             189          (b) a public education program to reduce and prevent overpopulation of animals and
             190      the related costs to local governments;
             191          (c) a follow-up program to assure that animals transferred by the animal shelter are
             192      sterilized in accordance with the agreement executed under Section [ 17-42-103 ] 11-46-203 ;
             193      and
             194          (d) any additional costs incurred by the animal shelter in the administration of the
             195      requirements of this chapter.
             196          Section 8. Section 11-46-205 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-105 is
             197      renumbered and amended to read:


             198           [17-42-105].     11-46-205. Failure to comply with sterilization agreement.
             199          If a recipient fails to comply with the sterilization agreement under Subsection
             200      [ 17-42-103 ] 11-46-203 (2):
             201          (1) the failure is ground for seizure and impoundment of the animal by the animal
             202      shelter from whom the recipient obtained the animal;
             203          (2) the recipient relinquishes all ownership rights regarding the animal and any claim to
             204      expenses incurred in maintenance and care of the animal; and
             205          (3) the recipient forfeits the sterilization deposit.
             206          Section 9. Section 11-46-206 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-105.5 is
             207      renumbered and amended to read:
             208           [17-42-105.5].     11-46-206. Sterilization deposit -- When required for
             209      redemption by owner of impounded animal.
             210          (1) Upon the second impound within a 12-month period and upon any subsequent
             211      impound of an animal that is claimed by its owner, an animal shelter may release the
             212      impounded animal to its owner only upon payment of all impound fees required by the shelter
             213      and:
             214          (a) receipt of proof the animal has been sterilized; or
             215          (b) a sterilization deposit.
             216          (2) The sterilization deposit shall be refunded to the owner only if the owner provides
             217      proof of sterilization to the animal shelter within 30 days of release of the animal to the owner.
             218          Section 10. Section 11-46-207 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-106 is
             219      renumbered and amended to read:
             220           [17-42-106].     11-46-207. Penalties.
             221          (1) (a) A person who knowingly commits any of the violations in Subsection (2) is
             222      subject to a civil penalty of not less than $250 on a first violation [of Subsection (2)], and a
             223      civil penalty of not less than $500 on any second or subsequent violation [of Subsection (2)].
             224          (b) The administrator of the animal shelter imposes the civil penalties under this
             225      section.


             226          (2) A person is subject to the civil penalties under Subsection (1) who:
             227          (a) falsifies any proof of sterilization submitted for the purpose of compliance with this
             228      [chapter] part;
             229          (b) provides to an animal shelter or a licensed veterinarian inaccurate information
             230      regarding ownership of any animal required to be submitted for sterilization under this
             231      [chapter] part;
             232          (c) submits to an animal shelter false information regarding sterilization fees or fee
             233      schedules; or
             234          (d) issues a check for insufficient funds for any sterilization deposit required of the
             235      person under this [chapter] part.
             236          (3) A person who contests a civil penalty imposed [against him] under this section is
             237      entitled to an administrative hearing that provides for the person's rights of due process.
             238          (4) All penalties collected under this section shall be retained by the animal shelter
             239      imposing the penalties, to be used solely for the purposes [under] of Subsection [ 17-42-104 ]
             240      11-46-204 (4).
             241          Section 11. Section 11-46-208 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-107 is
             242      renumbered and amended to read:
             243           [17-42-107].     11-46-208. Local ordinances may be no less restrictive.
             244          Local ordinances or the adoption or placement procedures of any animal shelter shall be
             245      at least as restrictive as the provisions of this [chapter] part.
             246          Section 12. Section 11-46-301 is enacted to read:
             247     
Part 3. Community Cat Act

             248          11-46-301. Title.
             249          This part is known as the "Community Cat Act."
             250          Section 13. Section 11-46-302 is enacted to read:
             251          11-46-302. Definitions.
             252          In addition to the definitions in Sections 11-46-102 and 11-46-202 , as used in this part:
             253          (1) "Community cat" means a feral or free-roaming cat that is without visibly


             254      discernable or microchip owner identification of any kind, and has been sterilized, vaccinated,
             255      and ear-tipped.
             256          (2) "Community cat caretaker" means any person other than an owner who provides
             257      food, water, or shelter to a community cat or community cat colony.
             258          (3) "Community cat colony" means a group of cats that congregate together. Although
             259      not every cat in a colony may be a community cat, any cats owned by individuals that
             260      congregate with a colony are considered part of it.
             261          (4) "Community cat program" means a program pursuant to which feral cats are
             262      sterilized, vaccinated against rabies, ear-tipped, and returned to the location where they
             263      congregate.
             264          (5) "Ear-tipping" means removing approximately a quarter-inch off the tip of a cat's left
             265      ear while the cat is anesthetized for sterilization.
             266          (6) "Feral" has the same meaning as in Section 23-13-2 .
             267          (7) "Sponsor" means any person or organization that traps feral cats, sterilizes,
             268      vaccinates against rabies, and ear-tips them before returning them to the location where they
             269      were trapped. A sponsor may be any animal humane society, non-profit organization, animal
             270      rescue, adoption organization, or a designated community cat caretaker that also maintains
             271      written records on community cats.
             272          Section 14. Section 11-46-303 is enacted to read:
             273          11-46-303. Community cats.
             274          (1) A cat received by a shelter under the provisions of Section 11-46-103 may be
             275      released prior to the five-day holding period to a sponsor that operates a community cat
             276      program.
             277          (2) A community cat is:
             278          (a) exempt from licensing requirements and feeding bans; and
             279          (b) eligible for release from an animal shelter prior to the mandatory five-day hold
             280      period in Section 11-46-103 .
             281          (3) Community cat sponsors or caretakers do not have custody, as defined in Section


             282      76-9-301 , of any cat in a community cat colony. Cats in a colony that are obviously owned, as
             283      evidenced by a collar, tags, microchip, or other discernable owner identification, are not
             284      exempt from the provisions of Title 76, Chapter 9, Part 3, Cruelty to Animals.
             285          (4) Sterilization and vaccination records shall be maintained for a minimum of three
             286      years and be available to an animal control officer upon request.
             287          Section 15. Section 11-46-304 is enacted to read:
             288          11-46-304. Permit process for community cat colonies.
             289          (1) A county or municipality may create a permitting process for community cat
             290      colonies.
             291          (2) Any permitting process created by a county or municipality shall provide notice to
             292      adjacent property owners by:
             293          (a) mailing notice to the record owner of each parcel within parameters specified by the
             294      permitting process; or
             295          (b) posting notice on the property with a sign of sufficient size, durability, print quality,
             296      and location that is reasonably calculated to give notice to passers-by.
             297          Section 16. Section 77-24-1.5 is amended to read:
             298           77-24-1.5. Safekeeping by officer pending disposition -- Records required.
             299          [(1)] Each peace officer shall:
             300          [(a)] (1) hold all property in safe custody:
             301          [(i)] (a) until it is received into evidence; or
             302          [(ii)] (b) if it is not used as evidence, until it can be disposed of as provided in this
             303      chapter; and
             304          [(b)] (2) maintain a proper record of the property that identifies:
             305          [(i)] (a) the owner of the property, if known; and
             306          [(ii)] (b) the case for which it was taken or received and is being held.
             307          [(2) (a) Each municipal or county animal control officer shall hold any unidentified or
             308      unclaimed stray dog or stray cat in safe and humane custody for a minimum of three working
             309      days after the time of impound prior to making any final disposition of the animal, including:]


             310          [(i) placement in an adoptive home or other transfer of the animal, which shall be in
             311      compliance with Title 10, Chapter 17, Municipal Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act, or Title
             312      17, Chapter 42, County Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act; or]
             313          [(ii) euthanasia.]
             314          [(b) An unidentified or unclaimed stray dog or stray cat may be euthanized prior to the
             315      completion of the three working day minimum holding period to prevent unnecessary suffering
             316      due to serious injury or disease, if the euthanasia is in compliance with written established
             317      agency or department policies and procedures, and with any local ordinances allowing the
             318      destruction.]
             319          [(c) An unidentified or unclaimed stray dog or stray cat shall be returned to its owner
             320      upon:]
             321          [(i) proof of ownership;]
             322          [(ii) compliance with requirements of local animal control ordinances; and]
             323          [(iii) compliance with Title 10, Chapter 17, Municipal Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization
             324      Act, or Title 17, Chapter 42, County Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act.]
             325          Section 17. Repealer.
             326          This bill repeals:
             327          Section 10-8-64, Livestock at large -- Pound -- Distraint.
             328          Section 10-17-101, Title.
             329          Section 10-17-102, Definitions.
             330          Section 10-17-103, Animal shelters shall transfer only sterilized animals, or shall
             331      require sterilization deposit.
             332          Section 10-17-104, Sterilization deposit.
             333          Section 10-17-105, Failure to comply with sterilization agreement.
             334          Section 10-17-105.5, Sterilization deposit -- When required for redemption by
             335      owner of impounded animal.
             336          Section 10-17-106, Penalties.
             337          Section 10-17-107, Local ordinances may be no less restrictive.


             338          Section 17-42-101, Title.


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