Download Zipped Enrolled WordPerfect SB0151.ZIP
[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]
S.B. 151 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Utah Uniform Securities Act to address regulation of certain real
10 estate transactions.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . modifies selected definitions;
14 . addresses scope of exclusion; and
15 . makes technical and conforming amendments.
16 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
18 Other Special Clauses:
20 Utah Code Sections Affected:
22 61-1-13, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 379
24 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
25 Section 1. Section 61-1-13 is amended to read:
26 61-1-13. Definitions.
27 (1) As used in this chapter:
28 (a) "Affiliate" means a person that, directly or indirectly, through one or more
29 intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with a person
31 (b) (i) "Agent" means an individual other than a broker-dealer who represents a
32 broker-dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities.
33 (ii) "Agent" does not include an individual who represents:
34 (A) an issuer, who receives no commission or other remuneration, directly or
35 indirectly, for effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities in this state, and
36 who effects transactions:
37 (I) in securities exempted by Subsection 61-1-14 (1)(a), (b), (c), or (g);
38 (II) exempted by Subsection 61-1-14 (2);
39 (III) in a covered security as described in Sections 18(b)(3) and 18(b)(4)(D) of the
40 Securities Act of 1933; or
41 (IV) with existing employees, partners, officers, or directors of the issuer; or
42 (B) a broker-dealer in effecting transactions in this state limited to those transactions
43 described in Section 15(h)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
44 (iii) A partner, officer, or director of a broker-dealer or issuer, or a person occupying a
45 similar status or performing similar functions, is an agent only if the partner, officer, director,
46 or person otherwise comes within the definition of "agent."
47 (iv) "Agent" does not include a person described in Subsection (3).
48 (c) (i) "Broker-dealer" means a person engaged in the business of effecting transactions
49 in securities for the account of others or for the person's own account.
50 (ii) "Broker-dealer" does not include:
51 (A) an agent;
52 (B) an issuer;
53 (C) a depository institution or trust company;
54 (D) a person who has no place of business in this state if:
55 (I) the person effects transactions in this state exclusively with or through:
56 (Aa) the issuers of the securities involved in the transactions;
57 (Bb) other broker-dealers;
58 (Cc) a depository institution, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
59 (Dd) a trust company, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
60 (Ee) an insurance company, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
61 (Ff) an investment company, as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940,
62 whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
63 (Gg) a pension or profit-sharing trust, whether acting for itself or as a trustee; or
64 (Hh) another financial institution or institutional buyer, whether acting for itself or as a
65 trustee; or
66 (II) during any period of 12 consecutive months the person does not direct more than
67 15 offers to sell or buy into this state in any manner to persons other than those specified in
68 Subsection (1)(c)(ii)(D)(I), whether or not the offeror or an offeree is then present in this state;
69 (E) a general partner who organizes and effects transactions in securities of three or
70 fewer limited partnerships, of which the person is the general partner, in any period of 12
71 consecutive months;
72 (F) a person whose participation in transactions in securities is confined to those
73 transactions made by or through a broker-dealer licensed in this state;
74 (G) a person who is a principal broker or associate broker licensed in this state and
75 who effects transactions in a bond or other evidence of indebtedness secured by a real or chattel
76 mortgage or deed of trust, or by an agreement for the sale of real estate or chattels, if the entire
77 mortgage, deed of trust, or agreement, together with all the bonds or other evidences of
78 indebtedness secured thereby, is offered and sold as a unit;
79 (H) a person effecting transactions in commodity contracts or commodity options;
80 (I) a person described in Subsection (3); or
81 (J) other persons as the division, by rule or order, may designate, consistent with the
82 public interest and protection of investors, as not within the intent of this Subsection (1)(c).
83 (d) "Buy" or "purchase" means a contract for purchase of, contract to buy, or
84 acquisition of a security or interest in a security for value.
85 (e) "Commission" means the Securities Commission created in Section 61-1-18.5 .
86 (f) "Commodity" means, except as otherwise specified by the division by rule:
87 (i) an agricultural, grain, or livestock product or byproduct, except real property or a
88 timber, agricultural, or livestock product grown or raised on real property and offered or sold
89 by the owner or lessee of the real property;
90 (ii) a metal or mineral, including a precious metal, except a numismatic coin whose fair
91 market value is at least 15% greater than the value of the metal it contains;
92 (iii) a gem or gemstone, whether characterized as precious, semi-precious, or
94 (iv) a fuel, whether liquid, gaseous, or otherwise;
95 (v) a foreign currency; and
96 (vi) all other goods, articles, products, or items of any kind, except a work of art
97 offered or sold by art dealers, at public auction or offered or sold through a private sale by the
98 owner of the work.
99 (g) (i) "Commodity contract" means an account, agreement, or contract for the
100 purchase or sale, primarily for speculation or investment purposes and not for use or
101 consumption by the offeree or purchaser, of one or more commodities, whether for immediate
102 or subsequent delivery or whether delivery is intended by the parties, and whether characterized
103 as a cash contract, deferred shipment or deferred delivery contract, forward contract, futures
104 contract, installment or margin contract, leverage contract, or otherwise.
105 (ii) A commodity contract offered or sold shall, in the absence of evidence to the
106 contrary, be presumed to be offered or sold for speculation or investment purposes.
107 (iii) (A) A commodity contract may not include a contract or agreement that requires,
108 and under which the purchaser receives, within 28 calendar days from the payment in good
109 funds any portion of the purchase price, physical delivery of the total amount of each
110 commodity to be purchased under the contract or agreement.
111 (B) A purchaser is not considered to have received physical delivery of the total
112 amount of each commodity to be purchased under the contract or agreement when the
113 commodity or commodities are held as collateral for a loan or are subject to a lien of any
114 person when the loan or lien arises in connection with the purchase of each commodity or
116 (h) (i) "Commodity option" means an account, agreement, or contract giving a party to
117 the option the right but not the obligation to purchase or sell one or more commodities or one
118 or more commodity contracts, or both whether characterized as an option, privilege, indemnity,
119 bid, offer, put, call, advance guaranty, decline guaranty, or otherwise.
120 (ii) "Commodity option" does not include an option traded on a national securities
121 exchange registered:
122 (A) with the Securities and Exchange Commission; or
123 (B) on a board of trade designated as a contract market by the Commodity Futures
124 Trading Commission.
125 (i) "Depository institution" is as defined in Section 7-1-103 .
126 (j) "Director" means the director of the division appointed in accordance with Section
127 61-1-18 .
128 (k) "Division" means the Division of Securities established by Section 61-1-18 .
129 (l) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Department of Commerce.
130 (m) "Federal covered adviser" means a person who:
131 (i) is registered under Section 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940; or
132 (ii) is excluded from the definition of "investment adviser" under Section 202(a)(11) of
133 the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
134 (n) "Federal covered security" means a security that is a covered security under Section
135 18(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 or rules or regulations promulgated under Section 18(b) of
136 the Securities Act of 1933.
137 (o) "Fraud," "deceit," and "defraud" are not limited to their common-law meanings.
138 (p) "Guaranteed" means guaranteed as to payment of principal or interest as to debt
139 securities, or dividends as to equity securities.
140 (q) (i) "Investment adviser" means a person who:
141 (A) for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or
142 through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of
143 investing in, purchasing, or selling securities; or
144 (B) for compensation and as a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates
145 analyses or reports concerning securities.
146 (ii) "Investment adviser" includes a financial planner or other person who:
147 (A) as an integral component of other financially related services, provides the
148 investment advisory services described in Subsection (1)(q)(i) to others for compensation and
149 as part of a business; or
150 (B) holds the person out as providing the investment advisory services described in
151 Subsection (1)(q)(i) to others for compensation.
152 (iii) "Investment adviser" does not include:
153 (A) an investment adviser representative;
154 (B) a depository institution or trust company;
155 (C) a lawyer, accountant, engineer, or teacher whose performance of these services is
156 solely incidental to the practice of the profession;
157 (D) a broker-dealer or its agent whose performance of these services is solely
158 incidental to the conduct of its business as a broker-dealer and who receives no special
159 compensation for the services;
160 (E) a publisher of a bona fide newspaper, news column, news letter, news magazine, or
161 business or financial publication or service, of general, regular, and paid circulation, whether
162 communicated in hard copy form, or by electronic means, or otherwise, that does not consist of
163 the rendering of advice on the basis of the specific investment situation of each client;
164 (F) a person who is a federal covered adviser;
165 (G) a person described in Subsection (3); or
166 (H) such other persons not within the intent of this Subsection (1)(q) as the division
167 may by rule or order designate.
168 (r) (i) "Investment adviser representative" means a partner, officer, director of, or a
169 person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, or other individual, except
170 clerical or ministerial personnel, who:
171 (A) (I) is employed by or associated with an investment adviser who is licensed or
172 required to be licensed under this chapter; or
173 (II) has a place of business located in this state and is employed by or associated with a
174 federal covered adviser; and
175 (B) does any of the following:
176 (I) makes a recommendation or otherwise renders advice regarding securities;
177 (II) manages accounts or portfolios of clients;
178 (III) determines which recommendation or advice regarding securities should be given;
179 (IV) solicits, offers, or negotiates for the sale of or sells investment advisory services;
181 (V) supervises employees who perform any of the acts described in this Subsection
183 (ii) "Investment adviser representative" does not include a person described in
184 Subsection (3).
185 (s) "Investment contract" includes:
186 (i) an investment in a common enterprise with the expectation of profit to be derived
187 through the essential managerial efforts of someone other than the investor; or
188 (ii) an investment by which:
189 (A) an offeree furnishes initial value to an offerer;
190 (B) a portion of the initial value is subjected to the risks of the enterprise;
191 (C) the furnishing of the initial value is induced by the offerer's promises or
192 representations that give rise to a reasonable understanding that a valuable benefit of some kind
193 over and above the initial value will accrue to the offeree as a result of the operation of the
194 enterprise; and
195 (D) the offeree does not receive the right to exercise practical or actual control over the
196 managerial decisions of the enterprise.
197 (t) "Isolated transaction" means not more than a total of two transactions that occur
198 anywhere during six consecutive months.
199 (u) (i) "Issuer" means a person who issues or proposes to issue a security or has
200 outstanding a security that it has issued.
201 (ii) With respect to a preorganization certificate or subscription, "issuer" means the one
202 or more promoters of the person to be organized.
203 (iii) "Issuer" means the one or more persons performing the acts and assuming duties
204 of a depositor or manager under the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument
205 under which the security is issued with respect to:
206 (A) interests in trusts, including collateral trust certificates, voting trust certificates, and
207 certificates of deposit for securities; or
208 (B) shares in an investment company without a board of directors.
209 (iv) With respect to an equipment trust certificate, a conditional sales contract, or
210 similar securities serving the same purpose, "issuer" means the person by whom the equipment
211 or property is to be used.
212 (v) With respect to interests in partnerships, general or limited, "issuer" means the
213 partnership itself and not the general partner or partners.
214 (vi) With respect to certificates of interest or participation in oil, gas, or mining titles or
215 leases or in payment out of production under the titles or leases, "issuer" means the owner of
216 the title or lease or right of production, whether whole or fractional, who creates fractional
217 interests therein for the purpose of sale.
218 (v) (i) "Life settlement interest" means the entire interest or a fractional interest in any
219 of the following that is the subject of a life settlement:
220 (A) a policy; or
221 (B) the death benefit under a policy.
222 (ii) "Life settlement interest" does not include the initial purchase from the owner by a
223 life settlement provider.
224 (w) "Nonissuer" means not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer.
225 (x) "Person" means:
226 (i) an individual;
227 (ii) a corporation;
228 (iii) a partnership;
229 (iv) a limited liability company;
230 (v) an association;
231 (vi) a joint-stock company;
232 (vii) a joint venture;
233 (viii) a trust where the interests of the beneficiaries are evidenced by a security;
234 (ix) an unincorporated organization;
235 (x) a government; or
236 (xi) a political subdivision of a government.
237 (y) "Precious metal" means the following, whether in coin, bullion, or other form:
238 (i) silver;
239 (ii) gold;
240 (iii) platinum;
241 (iv) palladium;
242 (v) copper; and
243 (vi) such other substances as the division may specify by rule.
244 (z) "Promoter" means a person who, acting alone or in concert with one or more
245 persons, takes initiative in founding or organizing the business or enterprise of a person.
246 (aa) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(aa)(ii), "record" means information that
248 (A) inscribed in a tangible medium; or
249 (B) (I) stored in an electronic or other medium; and
250 (II) retrievable in perceivable form.
251 (ii) This Subsection (1)(aa) does not apply when the context requires otherwise,
252 including when "record" is used in the following phrases:
253 (A) "of record";
254 (B) "official record"; or
255 (C) "public record."
256 (bb) (i) "Sale" or "sell" includes a contract for sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of,
257 a security or interest in a security for value.
258 (ii) "Offer" or "offer to sell" includes an attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of
259 an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value.
260 (iii) The following are examples of the definitions in Subsection (1)(bb)(i) or (ii):
261 (A) a security given or delivered with or as a bonus on account of a purchase of a
262 security or any other thing, is part of the subject of the purchase, and is offered and sold for
264 (B) a purported gift of assessable stock is an offer or sale as is each assessment levied
265 on the stock;
266 (C) an offer or sale of a security that is convertible into, or entitles its holder to acquire
267 or subscribe to another security of the same or another issuer is an offer or sale of that security,
268 and also an offer of the other security, whether the right to convert or acquire is exercisable
269 immediately or in the future;
270 (D) a conversion or exchange of one security for another constitutes an offer or sale of
271 the security received in a conversion or exchange, and the offer to buy or the purchase of the
272 security converted or exchanged;
273 (E) securities distributed as a dividend wherein the person receiving the dividend
274 surrenders the right, or the alternative right, to receive a cash or property dividend is an offer or
276 (F) a dividend of a security of another issuer is an offer or sale; or
277 (G) the issuance of a security under a merger, consolidation, reorganization,
278 recapitalization, reclassification, or acquisition of assets constitutes the offer or sale of the
279 security issued as well as the offer to buy or the purchase of a security surrendered in
280 connection therewith, unless the sole purpose of the transaction is to change the issuer's
282 (iv) The terms defined in Subsections (1)(bb)(i) and (ii) do not include:
283 (A) a good faith gift;
284 (B) a transfer by death;
285 (C) a transfer by termination of a trust or of a beneficial interest in a trust;
286 (D) a security dividend not within Subsection (1)(bb)(iii)(E) or (F); or
287 (E) a securities split or reverse split.
288 (cc) "Securities Act of 1933," "Securities Exchange Act of 1934," and "Investment
289 Company Act of 1940" mean the federal statutes of those names as amended before or after the
290 effective date of this chapter.
291 (dd) "Securities Exchange Commission" means the United States Securities Exchange
292 Commission created by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
293 (ee) (i) "Security" means a:
294 (A) note;
295 (B) stock;
296 (C) treasury stock;
297 (D) bond;
298 (E) debenture;
299 (F) evidence of indebtedness;
300 (G) certificate of interest or participation in a profit-sharing agreement;
301 (H) collateral-trust certificate;
302 (I) preorganization certificate or subscription;
303 (J) transferable share;
304 (K) investment contract;
305 (L) burial certificate or burial contract;
306 (M) voting-trust certificate;
307 (N) certificate of deposit for a security;
308 (O) certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in
309 payments out of production under such a title or lease;
310 (P) commodity contract or commodity option;
311 (Q) interest in a limited liability company;
312 (R) life settlement interest; or
313 (S) in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a "security," or a
314 certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for,
315 guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase an item listed in Subsections
316 (1)(ee)(i)(A) through (R).
317 (ii) "Security" does not include:
318 (A) an insurance or endowment policy or annuity contract under which an insurance
319 company promises to pay money in a lump sum or periodically for life or some other specified
321 (B) an interest in a limited liability company in which the limited liability company is
322 formed as part of an estate plan where all of the members are related by blood or marriage, or
323 the person claiming this exception can prove that all of the members are actively engaged in the
324 management of the limited liability company; or
325 (C) (I) a whole long-term estate in real property;
326 (II) an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in real property that consists of 10 or
327 fewer owners; or
328 (III) an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in real property that consists of more
329 than 10 owners if, when the real property estate is subject to a management agreement:
330 (Aa) the management agreement permits a simple majority of owners of the real
331 property estate to not renew or to terminate the management agreement at the earlier of the end
332 of the management agreement's current term, or 180 days after the day on which the owners
333 give notice of termination to the manager;
334 (Bb) the management agreement prohibits, directly or indirectly, the lending of the
335 proceeds earned from the real property estate or the use or pledge of its assets to a person or
336 entity affiliated with or under common control of the manager; and
337 (Cc) the management agreement complies with any other requirement imposed by rule
338 by the Real Estate Commission under Section 61-2f-103 .
339 (iii) For purposes of Subsection (1)(ee)(ii)(B), evidence that members vote or have the
340 right to vote, or the right to information concerning the business and affairs of the limited
341 liability company, or the right to participate in management, may not establish, without more,
342 that all members are actively engaged in the management of the limited liability company.
343 (ff) "State" means a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of
344 Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
345 (gg) (i) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" means an ownership interest in real
346 property by two or more persons that is a:
347 (A) tenancy in common; or
352 (ii) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" does not include a joint tenancy.
353 (hh) "Whole long-term estate" means a person owns or persons through joint tenancy
354 own real property through[
357 (ii) "Working days" means 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, exclusive of legal
358 holidays listed in Section 63G-1-301 .
359 (2) A term not defined in this section shall have the meaning as established by division
360 rule. The meaning of a term neither defined in this section nor by rule of the division shall be
361 the meaning commonly accepted in the business community.
362 (3) (a) This Subsection (3) applies to[
363 exempted from the definition of security under Subsection (1)(ee)(ii)(C)[
366 (b) A person who, directly or indirectly receives compensation in connection with the
367 offer or sale as provided in this Subsection (3) of a real property estate is not an agent,
368 broker-dealer, investment adviser, or investment adviser representative under this chapter if
369 that person is licensed under Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act, as:
370 (i) a principal broker;
371 (ii) an associate broker; or
372 (iii) a sales agent.
[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]