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Second Substitute S.B. 57

Senator Dennis E. Stowell proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
ANIMAL CONTROL - EXCEPTION FOR COMMUNITY CATS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Dennis E. Stowell

             5     
House Sponsor: Don L. Ipson

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill creates an Animal Welfare chapter in Title 11, Cities, Counties, and Local
             10      Taxing Units.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    defines a sponsor of a cat colony as a person who actively traps cats in a colony for
             15      the purpose of sterilizing, vaccinating, and ear-tipping before returning the cat to its
             16      original location;
             17          .    exempts community cats from the three-day mandatory hold requirement; and
             18          .    allows a shelter that receives a feral cat to release it to a sponsor that operates a
             19      community cat program.
             20      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:


             26          77-24-1.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             27      ENACTS:
             28          11-46-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29          11-46-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             30          11-46-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31          11-46-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32          11-46-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33          11-46-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34          11-46-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35      RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
             36          11-46-202, (Renumbered from 17-42-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003,
             37      Chapter 292)
             38          11-46-203, (Renumbered from 17-42-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000,
             39      Chapter 217)
             40          11-46-204, (Renumbered from 17-42-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000,
             41      Chapter 217)
             42          11-46-205, (Renumbered from 17-42-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000,
             43      Chapter 217)
             44          11-46-206, (Renumbered from 17-42-105.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter
             45      217)
             46          11-46-207, (Renumbered from 17-42-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter
             47      156)
             48          11-46-208, (Renumbered from 17-42-107, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter
             49      156)
             50      REPEALS:
             51          10-8-64, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 282
             52          10-17-101, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             53          10-17-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 292
             54          10-17-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217
             55          10-17-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217
             56          10-17-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217


             57          10-17-105.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 217
             58          10-17-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             59          10-17-107, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             60          17-42-101, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 156
             61     
             62      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             63          Section 1. Section 11-46-101 is enacted to read:
             64     
CHAPTER 46. ANIMAL WELFARE ACT

             65     
Part 1. General Provisions

             66          11-46-101. Title.
             67          This chapter is known as the "Animal Welfare Act."
             68          Section 2. Section 11-46-102 is enacted to read:
             69          11-46-102. Definitions.
             70          As used in this chapter:
             71          (1) "Animal" means a cat or dog.
             72          (2) "Animal control officer" means any person employed or appointed by a county or a
             73      municipality who is authorized to investigate violations of laws and ordinances concerning
             74      animals, to issue citations in accordance with Utah law, and take custody of animals as
             75      appropriate in the enforcement of the laws and ordinances.
             76          (3) "Animal shelter" means a facility or program:
             77          (a) providing services for stray, lost, or unwanted animals, including holding and
             78      placing the animals for adoption, but does not include an institution conducting research on
             79      animals, as defined in Section 26-26-1 ; or
             80          (b) a private humane society or private animal welfare organization.
             81          (4) "Person" means an individual, an entity, or a representative of an entity.
             82          Section 3. Section 11-46-103 is enacted to read:
             83          11-46-103. Stray animals.
             84          (1) Each municipal or county animal control officer shall hold any unidentified or
             85      unclaimed stray animal in safe and humane custody for a minimum of three business days after
             86      the time of impound and prior to making any final disposition of the animal.
             87          (2) A record of each animal held shall be maintained. The record shall include:


             88          (a) date of impound;
             89          (b) date of disposition; and
             90          (c) method of disposition, which may be:
             91          (i) placement in an adoptive home or other transfer of the animal, which shall be in
             92      compliance with Part 2, Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act;
             93          (ii) return to its owner;
             94          (iii) placement in a community cat program as defined in Section 11-46-302 ; or
             95          (iv) euthanasia.
             96          (3) An unidentified or unclaimed stray animal may be euthanized prior to the
             97      completion of the three working day minimum holding period to prevent unnecessary suffering
             98      due to serious injury or disease, if the euthanasia is in compliance with written agency or
             99      department policies and procedures, and with any local ordinances allowing the euthanasia.
             100          (4) An unidentified or unclaimed stray animal shall be returned to its owner upon:
             101          (a) proof of ownership;
             102          (b) compliance with requirements of local animal control ordinances; and
             103          (c) compliance with Part 2, Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act.
             104          Section 4. Section 11-46-201 is enacted to read:
             105     
Part 2. Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act

             106          11-46-201. Title.
             107          This part is known as the "Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act."
             108          Section 5. Section 11-46-202 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-102 is
             109      renumbered and amended to read:
             110           [17-42-102].     11-46-202. Definitions.
             111          [As] In addition to the definitions in Section 11-46-102 , as used in this [chapter] part:
             112          [(1) "Animal" means a cat or dog.]
             113          [(2) "Animal shelter" means a facility or program:]
             114          [(a) providing services for stray, lost, or unwanted animals, including holding and
             115      placing the animals for adoption, but does not include an institution conducting research on
             116      animals, as defined in Section 26-26-1 ; and]
             117          [(b) operated by:]
             118          [(i) a first or second class county as defined in Section 17-50-501 ;]


             119          [(ii) a city of the first, second, or third class;]
             120          [(iii) a first or second class county operating the shelter jointly with any municipality;
             121      or]
             122          [(iv) a private humane society or private animal welfare organization located within a
             123      first or second class county or within a city of the first, second, or third class.]
             124          [(3) "Person" means an individual, an entity, or a representative of an entity.]
             125          [(4)] (1) "Proof of sterilization" means a written document signed by a veterinarian
             126      licensed under Title 58, Chapter 28, Veterinary Practice Act, stating:
             127          (a) a specified animal has been sterilized;
             128          (b) the date on which the sterilization was performed; and
             129          (c) the location where the sterilization was performed.
             130          [(5)] (2) "Recipient" means the person to whom an animal shelter transfers an animal
             131      for adoption.
             132          [(6)] (3) "Sterilization deposit" means the portion of a fee charged by an animal shelter
             133      to a recipient or claimant of an unsterilized animal to ensure the animal is timely sterilized in
             134      accordance with an agreement between the recipient or the claimant and the animal shelter.
             135          [(7)] (4) "Sterilized" means that an animal has been surgically altered either by the
             136      spaying of a female animal or by the neutering of a male animal, so it is unable to reproduce.
             137          [(8)] (5) "Transfer" means that an animal shelter sells, gives away, places for adoption,
             138      or transfers an animal to a recipient.
             139          Section 6. Section 11-46-203 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-103 is
             140      renumbered and amended to read:
             141           [17-42-103].     11-46-203. Animal shelters to transfer only sterilized
             142      animals, or shall require sterilization deposit.
             143          (1) An animal shelter may not transfer an animal that has not been sterilized, except as
             144      provided in Subsection (2) or Section [ 17-42-105.5 ] 11-46-206 .
             145          (2) An animal shelter may transfer an animal for adoption that has not been sterilized
             146      only if the animal shelter:
             147          (a) establishes a written agreement, executed by the recipient, stating the animal is not
             148      sterilized and the recipient agrees in writing to be responsible for ensuring the animal is
             149      sterilized:


             150          (i) within 30 days after the agreement is signed, if the animal is six months of age or
             151      older; or
             152          (ii) if the animal is younger than six months of age, within 30 days after the animal
             153      becomes six months of age; and
             154          (b) receives from the recipient a sterilization deposit as provided under Section
             155      [ 17-42-104 ] 11-46-204 , the terms of which are part of the written agreement executed by the
             156      recipient [under] in accordance with this section.
             157          (3) The shelter may waive the sterilization deposit and release any unsterilized animal
             158      to a sponsor, as defined in Section 11-46-302 , provided the sponsor is a non-profit organization
             159      that qualifies as being tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and
             160      provides proof of sterilization within 30 days.
             161          Section 7. Section 11-46-204 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-104 is
             162      renumbered and amended to read:
             163           [17-42-104].     11-46-204. Sterilization deposit.
             164          (1) A sterilization deposit may be:
             165          (a) a portion of the adoption fee or purchase price of the [pet] animal, which will
             166      enable the adopter to take the [pet] animal for sterilization to a veterinarian with whom the
             167      animal shelter has an agreement that the veterinarian will bill the animal shelter directly for the
             168      sterilization;
             169          (b) a deposit that is:
             170          (i) refundable to the recipient if proof of sterilization of the animal within the
             171      appropriate time limits under Section [ 17-42-103 ] 11-46-203 is presented to the animal shelter
             172      not more than three months after the date the animal is sterilized; and
             173          (ii) forfeited to the animal shelter if proof of sterilization is not presented to the animal
             174      shelter in compliance with Subsection (1)(b)(i); or
             175          (c) a deposit under Section [ 17-42-105.5 ] 11-46-206 required for an owner to claim an
             176      unsterilized animal impounded at the animal shelter.
             177          (2) Sterilization deposits under Subsection (1) shall reflect the average reduced cost of
             178      a sterilization of an animal, based on the gender and weight of the animal, that is reasonably
             179      available in the area where the animal shelter is located, but the deposit may not be less than
             180      $25.


             181          (3) If a female [dog or cat] animal and her litter are transferred to one person, a
             182      sterilization deposit is required only for the female [dog or cat] animal.
             183          (4) All sterilization deposits forfeited or unclaimed under this section shall be retained
             184      by the animal shelter and [shall be] used by the animal shelter only for:
             185          (a) a program to sterilize animals, which may include a sliding scale fee program;
             186          (b) a public education program to reduce and prevent overpopulation of animals and
             187      the related costs to local governments;
             188          (c) a follow-up program to assure that animals transferred by the animal shelter are
             189      sterilized in accordance with the agreement executed under Section [ 17-42-103 ] 11-46-203 ;
             190      and
             191          (d) any additional costs incurred by the animal shelter in the administration of the
             192      requirements of this chapter.
             193          Section 8. Section 11-46-205 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-105 is
             194      renumbered and amended to read:
             195           [17-42-105].     11-46-205. Failure to comply with sterilization agreement.
             196          If a recipient fails to comply with the sterilization agreement under Subsection
             197      [ 17-42-103 ] 11-46-203 (2):
             198          (1) the failure is ground for seizure and impoundment of the animal by the animal
             199      shelter from whom the recipient obtained the animal;
             200          (2) the recipient relinquishes all ownership rights regarding the animal and any claim to
             201      expenses incurred in maintenance and care of the animal; and
             202          (3) the recipient forfeits the sterilization deposit.
             203          Section 9. Section 11-46-206 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-105.5 is
             204      renumbered and amended to read:
             205           [17-42-105.5].     11-46-206. Sterilization deposit -- When required for
             206      redemption by owner of impounded animal.
             207          (1) Upon the second impound within a 12-month period and upon any subsequent
             208      impound of an animal that is claimed by its owner, an animal shelter may release the
             209      impounded animal to its owner only upon payment of all impound fees required by the shelter
             210      and:
             211          (a) receipt of proof the animal has been sterilized; or


             212          (b) a sterilization deposit.
             213          (2) The sterilization deposit shall be refunded to the owner only if the owner provides
             214      proof of sterilization to the animal shelter within 30 days of release of the animal to the owner.
             215          Section 10. Section 11-46-207 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-106 is
             216      renumbered and amended to read:
             217           [17-42-106].     11-46-207. Penalties.
             218          (1) (a) A person who knowingly commits any of the violations in Subsection (2) is
             219      subject to a civil penalty of not less than $250 on a first violation [of Subsection (2)], and a
             220      civil penalty of not less than $500 on any second or subsequent violation [of Subsection (2)].
             221          (b) The administrator of the animal shelter imposes the civil penalties under this
             222      section.
             223          (2) A person is subject to the civil penalties under Subsection (1) who:
             224          (a) falsifies any proof of sterilization submitted for the purpose of compliance with this
             225      [chapter] part;
             226          (b) provides to an animal shelter or a licensed veterinarian inaccurate information
             227      regarding ownership of any animal required to be submitted for sterilization under this
             228      [chapter] part;
             229          (c) submits to an animal shelter false information regarding sterilization fees or fee
             230      schedules; or
             231          (d) issues a check for insufficient funds for any sterilization deposit required of the
             232      person under this [chapter] part.
             233          (3) A person who contests a civil penalty imposed [against him] under this section is
             234      entitled to an administrative hearing that provides for the person's rights of due process.
             235          (4) All penalties collected under this section shall be retained by the animal shelter
             236      imposing the penalties, to be used solely for the purposes [under] of Subsection [ 17-42-104 ]
             237      11-46-204 (4).
             238          Section 11. Section 11-46-208 , which is renumbered from Section 17-42-107 is
             239      renumbered and amended to read:
             240           [17-42-107].     11-46-208. Local ordinances may be no less restrictive.
             241          Local ordinances or the adoption or placement procedures of any animal shelter shall be
             242      at least as restrictive as the provisions of this [chapter] part.


             243          Section 12. Section 11-46-301 is enacted to read:
             244     
Part 3. Community Cat Act

             245          11-46-301. Title.
             246          This part is known as the "Community Cat Act."
             247          Section 13. Section 11-46-302 is enacted to read:
             248          11-46-302. Definitions.
             249          In addition to the definitions in Sections 11-46-102 and 11-46-202 , as used in this part:
             250          (1) "Community cat" means a feral or free-roaming cat that is without visibly
             251      discernable owner identification of any kind, and has been sterilized, vaccinated, and
             252      ear-tipped.
             253          (2) "Community cat caretaker" means any person other than an owner who provides
             254      food, water, or shelter to a community cat or community cat colony.
             255          (3) "Community cat colony" means a group of cats that congregate together. Although
             256      not every cat in a colony may be a community cat, any cats owned by individuals that
             257      congregate with a colony are considered part of it.
             258          (4) "Community cat program" means a program pursuant to which feral cats are
             259      sterilized, vaccinated against rabies, ear-tipped, and returned to the location where they
             260      congregate.
             261          (5) "Ear-tipping" means removing approximately a quarter-inch off the tip of a cat's left
             262      ear while the cat is anesthetized for sterilization.
             263          (6) "Feral" has the same meaning as in Section 23-13-2 .
             264          (7) "Sponsor" means any person or organization that traps feral cats, sterilizes,
             265      vaccinates against rabies, and ear-tips them before returning them to the location where they
             266      were trapped. A sponsor may be any animal humane society, non-profit organization, animal
             267      rescue, adoption organization, or a designated community cat caretaker that also maintains
             268      written records on community cats.
             269          Section 14. Section 11-46-303 is enacted to read:
             270          11-46-303. Community cats.
             271          (1) A cat received by a shelter under the provisions of Section 11-46-103 may be
             272      released prior to the three-day holding period to a sponsor that operates a community cat
             273      program.


             274          (2) A community cat is:
             275          (a) exempt from licensing requirements and feeding bans; and
             276          (b) eligible for release from an animal shelter prior to the mandatory three-day hold
             277      period in Section 11-46-103 .
             278          (3) Community cat sponsors or caretakers do not have custody, as defined in Section
             279      76-9-301 , of any cat in a community cat colony. Cats in a colony that are obviously owned, as
             280      evidenced by a collar, tags, or other discernable owner identification, are not exempt from the
             281      provisions of Title 76, Chapter 9, Part 3, Cruelty to Animals.
             282          (4) Sterilization and vaccination records shall be maintained for a minimum of three
             283      years and be available to an animal control officer upon request.
             284          Section 15. Section 77-24-1.5 is amended to read:
             285           77-24-1.5. Safekeeping by officer pending disposition -- Records required.
             286          [(1)] Each peace officer shall:
             287          [(a)] (1) hold all property in safe custody:
             288          [(i)] (a) until it is received into evidence; or
             289          [(ii)] (b) if it is not used as evidence, until it can be disposed of as provided in this
             290      chapter; and
             291          [(b)] (2) maintain a proper record of the property that identifies:
             292          [(i)] (a) the owner of the property, if known; and
             293          [(ii)] (b) the case for which it was taken or received and is being held.
             294          [(2) (a) Each municipal or county animal control officer shall hold any unidentified or
             295      unclaimed stray dog or stray cat in safe and humane custody for a minimum of three working
             296      days after the time of impound prior to making any final disposition of the animal, including:]
             297          [(i) placement in an adoptive home or other transfer of the animal, which shall be in
             298      compliance with Title 10, Chapter 17, Municipal Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act, or Title
             299      17, Chapter 42, County Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act; or]
             300          [(ii) euthanasia.]
             301          [(b) An unidentified or unclaimed stray dog or stray cat may be euthanized prior to the
             302      completion of the three working day minimum holding period to prevent unnecessary suffering
             303      due to serious injury or disease, if the euthanasia is in compliance with written established
             304      agency or department policies and procedures, and with any local ordinances allowing the


             305      destruction.]
             306          [(c) An unidentified or unclaimed stray dog or stray cat shall be returned to its owner
             307      upon:]
             308          [(i) proof of ownership;]
             309          [(ii) compliance with requirements of local animal control ordinances; and]
             310          [(iii) compliance with Title 10, Chapter 17, Municipal Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization
             311      Act, or Title 17, Chapter 42, County Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act.]
             312          Section 16. Repealer.
             313          This bill repeals:
             314          Section 10-8-64, Livestock at large -- Pound -- Distraint.
             315          Section 10-17-101, Title.
             316          Section 10-17-102, Definitions.
             317          Section 10-17-103, Animal shelters shall transfer only sterilized animals, or shall
             318      require sterilization deposit.
             319          Section 10-17-104, Sterilization deposit.
             320          Section 10-17-105, Failure to comply with sterilization agreement.
             321          Section 10-17-105.5, Sterilization deposit -- When required for redemption by
             322      owner of impounded animal.
             323          Section 10-17-106, Penalties.
             324          Section 10-17-107, Local ordinances may be no less restrictive.
             325          Section 17-42-101, Title.


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