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First Substitute S.B. 68

Senator Kevin T. Van Tassell proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
SOLID WASTE AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Kevin T. Van Tassell

             5     
House Sponsor: Bill Wright

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill provides that if a person obtains approval to build a commercial nonhazardous
             10      solid waste disposal facility that requires approval by the Legislature and the governor,
             11      the approved facility shall be operational within five years of the governor's approval,
             12      or approval to build the facility is revoked.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    provides that if a person obtains each approval required to build a commercial
             16      nonhazardous solid waste disposal facility for a facility that requires approval by the
             17      Legislature and the governor, the approvals will be revoked unless the approved
             18      facility is operational:
             19              .    within five years after the day on which the governor's approval is received, if
             20      the person receives the governor's approval on or after May 10, 2011; or
             21              .    on or before May 10, 2016, if the person receives all required approvals before
             22      May 10, 2011;
             23          .    clarifies the approval process required to build certain commercial nonhazardous or
             24      hazardous waste facilities; and
             25          .    makes technical changes.


             26      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             27          None
             28      Other Special Clauses:
             29          None
             30      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             31      AMENDS:
             32          19-6-108, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 72
             33     
             34      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             35          Section 1. Section 19-6-108 is amended to read:
             36           19-6-108. New nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste operation plans for
             37      facility or site -- Administrative and legislative approval required -- Exemptions from
             38      legislative and gubernatorial approval -- Time periods for review -- Information required
             39      -- Other conditions -- Revocation of approval -- Periodic review.
             40          (1) For purposes of this section, the following items shall be treated as submission of a
             41      new operation plan:
             42          (a) the submission of a revised operation plan specifying a different geographic site
             43      than a previously submitted plan;
             44          (b) an application for modification of a commercial hazardous waste incinerator if the
             45      construction or the modification would increase the hazardous waste incinerator capacity above
             46      the capacity specified in the operation plan as of January 1, 1990, or the capacity specified in
             47      the operation plan application as of January 1, 1990, if no operation plan approval has been
             48      issued as of January 1, 1990;
             49          (c) an application for modification of a commercial nonhazardous solid waste
             50      incinerator if the construction of the modification would cost 50% or more of the cost of
             51      construction of the original incinerator or the modification would result in an increase in the
             52      capacity or throughput of the incinerator of a cumulative total of 50% above the total capacity
             53      or throughput that was approved in the operation plan as of January 1, 1990, or the initial
             54      approved operation plan if the initial approval is subsequent to January 1, 1990; [or]
             55          (d) an application for modification of a commercial nonhazardous solid or hazardous
             56      waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility, other than an incinerator, if the modification


             57      would be outside the boundaries of the property owned or controlled by the applicant, as shown
             58      in the application or approved operation plan as of January 1, 1990, or the initial approved
             59      operation plan if the initial approval is subsequent to January 1, 1990[.]; or
             60          (e) a submission of an operation plan to construct a facility, if previous approvals of the
             61      operation plan to construct the facility have been revoked pursuant to Subsection (3)(c)(iii).
             62          (2) Capacity under Subsection (1)(b) shall be calculated based on the throughput
             63      tonnage specified for the trial burn in the operation plan or the operation plan application if no
             64      operation plan approval has been issued as of January 1, 1990, and on annual operations of
             65      7,000 hours.
             66          (3) (a) (i) No person may own, construct, modify, or operate any facility or site for the
             67      purpose of disposing of nonhazardous solid waste or treating, storing, or disposing of
             68      hazardous waste without first submitting and receiving the approval of the executive secretary
             69      for an operation plan for that facility or site.
             70          (ii) (A) A permittee who is the current owner of a facility or site that is subject to an
             71      operation plan may submit to the executive secretary information, a report, a plan, or other
             72      request for approval for a proposed activity under an operation plan:
             73          (I) after obtaining the consent of any other permittee who is a current owner of the
             74      facility or site; and
             75          (II) without obtaining the consent of any other permittee who is not a current owner of
             76      the facility or site.
             77          (B) The executive secretary may not:
             78          (I) withhold an approval of an operation plan requested by a permittee who is a current
             79      owner of the facility or site on the grounds that another permittee who is not a current owner of
             80      the facility or site has not consented to the request; or
             81          (II) give an approval of an operation plan requested by a permittee who is not a current
             82      owner before receiving consent of the current owner of the facility or site.
             83          (b) (i) Except for facilities that receive the following wastes solely for the purpose of
             84      recycling, reuse, or reprocessing, no person may own, construct, modify, or operate any
             85      commercial facility that accepts for treatment or disposal, with the intent to make a profit, any
             86      of the wastes listed in Subsection (3)(b)(ii) without first submitting a request to and receiving
             87      the approval of the executive secretary for an operation plan for that facility site.


             88          (ii) Wastes referred to in Subsection (3)(b)(i) are:
             89          (A) fly ash waste, bottom ash waste, slag waste, or flue gas emission control waste
             90      generated primarily from the combustion of coal or other fossil fuels;
             91          (B) wastes from the extraction, beneficiation, and processing of ores and minerals; or
             92          (C) cement kiln dust wastes.
             93          (c) (i) No person may construct [any] a facility listed under Subsection (3)(c)(ii) until
             94      [he] the person receives[, in addition to and subsequent to]:
             95          (A) local government approval and [subsequent to] the approval [required] described in
             96      Subsection (3)(a)[,];
             97          (B) approval from the Legislature; and
             98          (C) after receiving the approvals described in Subsections (3)(c)(i)(A) and (B),
             99      approval [by] from the governor [and the Legislature].
             100          (ii) [Facilities] A facility referred to in Subsection (3)(c)(i) [are] is:
             101          (A) a commercial nonhazardous solid [or hazardous] waste [treatment or] disposal
             102      [facilities] facility; [and]
             103          (B) except for facilities that receive the following wastes solely for the purpose of
             104      recycling, reuse, or reprocessing, any commercial facility that accepts for treatment or disposal,
             105      with the intent to make a profit: fly ash waste, bottom ash waste, slag waste, or flue gas
             106      emission control waste generated primarily from the combustion of coal or other fossil fuels;
             107      wastes from the extraction, beneficiation, and processing of ores and minerals; or cement kiln
             108      dust wastes[.]; or
             109          (C) a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility.
             110          (iii) The required approvals described in Subsection (3)(c)(i) for a facility described in
             111      Subsection (3)(c)(ii)(A) or (3)(c)(ii)(B) are automatically revoked if:
             112          (A) the governor's approval is received on or after May 10, 2011 and the facility is not
             113      operational within five years after the day on which the governor's approval is received; or
             114          (B) the governor's approval is received before May 10, 2011 and the facility is not
             115      operational on or before May 10, 2016.
             116          (d) No person need obtain gubernatorial or legislative approval for the construction of
             117      a hazardous waste facility for which an operating plan has been approved by or submitted for
             118      approval to the executive secretary under this section before April 24, 1989, and which has


             119      been determined, on or before December 31, 1990, by the executive secretary to be complete,
             120      in accordance with state and federal requirements for operating plans for hazardous waste
             121      facilities even if a different geographic site is subsequently submitted.
             122          (e) No person need obtain gubernatorial and legislative approval for the construction of
             123      a commercial nonhazardous solid waste disposal facility for which an operation plan has been
             124      approved by or submitted for approval to the executive secretary under this section on or before
             125      January 1, 1990, and which, on or before December 31, 1990, the executive secretary
             126      determines to be complete, in accordance with state and federal requirements applicable to
             127      operation plans for nonhazardous solid waste facilities.
             128          (f) Any person owning or operating a facility or site on or before November 19, 1980,
             129      who has given timely notification as required by Section 3010 of the Resource Conservation
             130      and Recovery Act of 1976, 42 U.S.C. Section 6921, et seq., and who has submitted a proposed
             131      hazardous waste plan under this section for that facility or site, may continue to operate that
             132      facility or site without violating this section until the plan is approved or disapproved under
             133      this section.
             134          (g) (i) The executive secretary shall suspend acceptance of further applications for a
             135      commercial nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste facility upon a finding that he cannot
             136      adequately oversee existing and additional facilities for permit compliance, monitoring, and
             137      enforcement.
             138          (ii) The executive secretary shall report any suspension to the Natural Resources,
             139      Agriculture, and Environment Interim Committee.
             140          (4) The executive secretary shall review each proposed nonhazardous solid or
             141      hazardous waste operation plan to determine whether that plan complies with the provisions of
             142      this part and the applicable rules of the board.
             143          (5) (a) If the facility is a class I or class II facility, the executive secretary shall approve
             144      or disapprove that plan within 270 days from the date it is submitted.
             145          (b) Within 60 days after receipt of the plans, specifications, or other information
             146      required by this section for a class I or II facility, the executive secretary shall determine
             147      whether the plan is complete and contains all information necessary to process the plan for
             148      approval.
             149          (c) (i) If the plan for a class I or II facility is determined to be complete, the executive


             150      secretary shall issue a notice of completeness.
             151          (ii) If the plan is determined by the executive secretary to be incomplete, he shall issue
             152      a notice of deficiency, listing the additional information to be provided by the owner or
             153      operator to complete the plan.
             154          (d) The executive secretary shall review information submitted in response to a notice
             155      of deficiency within 30 days after receipt.
             156          (e) The following time periods may not be included in the 270 day plan review period
             157      for a class I or II facility:
             158          (i) time awaiting response from the owner or operator to requests for information
             159      issued by the executive secretary;
             160          (ii) time required for public participation and hearings for issuance of plan approvals;
             161      and
             162          (iii) time for review of the permit by other federal or state government agencies.
             163          (6) (a) If the facility is a class III or class IV facility, the executive secretary shall
             164      approve or disapprove that plan within 365 days from the date it is submitted.
             165          (b) The following time periods may not be included in the 365 day review period:
             166          (i) time awaiting response from the owner or operator to requests for information
             167      issued by the executive secretary;
             168          (ii) time required for public participation and hearings for issuance of plan approvals;
             169      and
             170          (iii) time for review of the permit by other federal or state government agencies.
             171          (7) If, within 365 days after receipt of a modification plan or closure plan for any
             172      facility, the executive secretary determines that the proposed plan, or any part of it, will not
             173      comply with applicable rules, the executive secretary shall issue an order prohibiting any action
             174      under the proposed plan for modification or closure in whole or in part.
             175          (8) Any person who owns or operates a facility or site required to have an approved
             176      hazardous waste operation plan under this section and who has pending a permit application
             177      before the United States Environmental Protection Agency shall be treated as having an
             178      approved plan until final administrative disposition of the permit application is made under this
             179      section, unless the board determines that final administrative disposition of the application has
             180      not been made because of the failure of the owner or operator to furnish any information


             181      requested, or the facility's interim status has terminated under Section 3005 (e) of the Resource
             182      Conservation and Recovery Act, 42 U.S.C. Section 6925 (e).
             183          (9) No proposed nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste operation plan may be
             184      approved unless it contains the information that the board requires, including:
             185          (a) estimates of the composition, quantities, and concentrations of any hazardous waste
             186      identified under this part and the proposed treatment, storage, or disposal of it;
             187          (b) evidence that the disposal of nonhazardous solid waste or treatment, storage, or
             188      disposal of hazardous waste will not be done in a manner that may cause or significantly
             189      contribute to an increase in mortality, an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating
             190      reversible illness, or pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the
             191      environment;
             192          (c) consistent with the degree and duration of risks associated with the disposal of
             193      nonhazardous solid waste or treatment, storage, or disposal of specified hazardous waste,
             194      evidence of financial responsibility in whatever form and amount that the executive secretary
             195      determines is necessary to insure continuity of operation and that upon abandonment, cessation,
             196      or interruption of the operation of the facility or site, all reasonable measures consistent with
             197      the available knowledge will be taken to insure that the waste subsequent to being treated,
             198      stored, or disposed of at the site or facility will not present a hazard to the public or the
             199      environment;
             200          (d) evidence that the personnel employed at the facility or site have education and
             201      training for the safe and adequate handling of nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste;
             202          (e) plans, specifications, and other information that the executive secretary considers
             203      relevant to determine whether the proposed nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste operation
             204      plan will comply with this part and the rules of the board; and
             205          (f) compliance schedules, where applicable, including schedules for corrective action
             206      or other response measures for releases from any solid waste management unit at the facility,
             207      regardless of the time the waste was placed in the unit.
             208          (10) The executive secretary may not approve a commercial nonhazardous solid or
             209      hazardous waste operation plan that meets the requirements of Subsection (9) unless it contains
             210      the information required by the board, including:
             211          (a) evidence that the proposed commercial facility has a proven market of


             212      nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste, including:
             213          (i) information on the source, quantity, and price charged for treating, storing, and
             214      disposing of potential nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste in the state and regionally;
             215          (ii) a market analysis of the need for a commercial facility given existing and potential
             216      generation of nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste in the state and regionally; and
             217          (iii) a review of other existing and proposed commercial nonhazardous solid or
             218      hazardous waste facilities regionally and nationally that would compete for the treatment,
             219      storage, or disposal of the nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste;
             220          (b) a description of the public benefits of the proposed facility, including:
             221          (i) the need in the state for the additional capacity for the management of nonhazardous
             222      solid or hazardous waste;
             223          (ii) the energy and resources recoverable by the proposed facility;
             224          (iii) the reduction of nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste management methods,
             225      which are less suitable for the environment, that would be made possible by the proposed
             226      facility; and
             227          (iv) whether any other available site or method for the management of hazardous waste
             228      would be less detrimental to the public health or safety or to the quality of the environment;
             229      and
             230          (c) compliance history of an owner or operator of a proposed commercial
             231      nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility, which may be
             232      applied by the executive secretary in a nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste operation plan
             233      decision, including any plan conditions.
             234          (11) The executive secretary may not approve a commercial nonhazardous solid or
             235      hazardous waste facility operation plan unless based on the application, and in addition to the
             236      determination required in Subsections (9) and (10), the executive secretary determines that:
             237          (a) the probable beneficial environmental effect of the facility to the state outweighs
             238      the probable adverse environmental effect; and
             239          (b) there is a need for the facility to serve industry within the state.
             240          (12) Approval of a nonhazardous solid or hazardous waste operation plan may be
             241      revoked, in whole or in part, if the person to whom approval of the plan has been given fails to
             242      comply with that plan.


             243          (13) The executive secretary shall review all approved nonhazardous solid and
             244      hazardous waste operation plans at least once every five years.
             245          (14) The provisions of Subsections (10) and (11) do not apply to hazardous waste
             246      facilities in existence or to applications filed or pending in the department prior to April 24,
             247      1989, that are determined by the executive secretary on or before December 31, 1990, to be
             248      complete, in accordance with state and federal requirements applicable to operation plans for
             249      hazardous waste facilities.
             250          (15) The provisions of Subsections (9), (10), and (11) do not apply to a nonhazardous
             251      solid waste facility in existence or to an application filed or pending in the department prior to
             252      January 1, 1990, that is determined by the executive secretary, on or before December 31,
             253      1990, to be complete in accordance with state and federal requirements applicable to operation
             254      plans for nonhazardous solid waste facilities.
             255          (16) Nonhazardous solid waste generated outside of this state that is defined as
             256      hazardous waste in the state where it is generated and which is received for disposal in this
             257      state shall not be disposed of at a nonhazardous waste disposal facility owned and operated by
             258      local government or a facility under contract with a local government solely for disposal of
             259      nonhazardous solid waste generated within the boundaries of the local government, unless
             260      disposal is approved by the executive secretary.
             261          (17) This section may not be construed to exempt any facility from applicable
             262      regulation under the federal Atomic Energy Act, 42 U.S.C. Sections 2014 and 2021 through
             263      2114.


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