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S.B. 228

             1     

CRIMINAL FORFEITURE AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Daniel R. Liljenquist

             5     
House Sponsor: ____________

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill repeals and reenacts the Utah Code chapter regarding seizure and forfeiture of
             10      property by a governmental entity and moves provisions located throughout the Utah
             11      Code regarding forfeiture into this reenacted chapter.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    repeals and reenacts the Utah forfeiture law;
             15          .    moves forfeiture provisions in various parts of the Utah Code into the forfeiture
             16      chapter;
             17          .    provides definitions;
             18          .    addresses jurisdiction and venue;
             19          .    provides grounds for seizure of property;
             20          .    provides procedures for seized property held as evidence and the return of property
             21      no longer needed as evidence;
             22          .    addresses disposition of property, including returning to the owner when
             23      appropriate;
             24          .    provides for disposition of seized weapons;
             25          .    provides for a claimant to petition for the return of property;
             26          .    provides for a criminal forfeiture process;
             27          .    provides a civil forfeiture procedure;


             28          .    allows a trial by jury;
             29          .    addresses rights of innocent owners of forfeited property;
             30          .    provides for release of forfeited property in certain circumstances, including cases
             31      of hardship;
             32          .    provides for attorney fees, compensation for damaged property, and expenses for
             33      maintaining seized property;
             34          .    provides for proportionality in the forfeiture of property;
             35          .    provides for transfer and sharing procedures among agencies regarding cases of
             36      seized and forfeited property;
             37          .    reestablishes the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account; and
             38          .    establishes the Crime Reduction Assistance Program for forfeited property and
             39      provides for the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice to allocate the funds
             40      from the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account.
             41      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             42          None
             43      Other Special Clauses:
             44          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2011.
             45      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             46      AMENDS:
             47          23-20-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             48          32B-4-206 (Effective 07/01/11), as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 276
             49          41-6a-527, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 268
             50          53-7-406, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 362
             51          63J-1-602.1, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 265
             52          76-6-903, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 51
             53          76-10-1603.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapters 129 and 180
             54          77-24-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             55          77-24-1.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             56          77-24a-2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1986, Chapter 131
             57          77-24a-3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1986, Chapter 131
             58          77-24a-4, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1986, Chapter 131


             59          77-24a-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 388
             60      ENACTS:
             61          24-1-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             62          24-1-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             63          24-1-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             64          24-2-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             65          24-2-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             66          24-3-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             67          24-3-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             68          24-3-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69          24-3-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             70          24-3-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             71          24-3-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             72          24-4-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             73          24-4-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             74          24-4-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             75          24-4-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             76          24-4-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             77          24-4-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             78          24-4-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             79          24-4-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             80          24-4-109, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             81          24-4-110, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             82          24-4-111, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             83          24-4-112, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             84          24-4-113, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             85          24-4-114, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             86          24-4-115, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             87          24-4-116, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             88      REPEALS AND REENACTS:
             89          77-24a-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126


             90      REPEALS:
             91          24-1-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             92          24-1-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             93          24-1-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 272
             94          24-1-3.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             95          24-1-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 388
             96          24-1-5, as enacted by Statewide Initiative B, Nov. 7, 2000
             97          24-1-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             98          24-1-7, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             99          24-1-8, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 180
             100          24-1-9, as enacted by Statewide Initiative B, Nov. 7, 2000
             101          24-1-10, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             102          24-1-11, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             103          24-1-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             104          24-1-13, as enacted by Statewide Initiative B, Nov. 7, 2000
             105          24-1-14, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             106          24-1-15, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 180
             107          24-1-17, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             108          24-1-18, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             109          24-1-19, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             110          24-1-20, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             111          41-6a-211, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             112          58-37-13, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             113          76-3-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             114          76-10-525, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1973, Chapter 196
             115          76-10-1107, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 180
             116          76-10-1908, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             117          77-24-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             118          77-24-3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1980, Chapter 15
             119          77-24-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             120          77-24-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126


             121     
             122      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             123          Section 1. Section 23-20-1 is amended to read:
             124           23-20-1. Enforcement authority of conservation officers -- Seizure and disposition
             125      of property.
             126          (1) Conservation officers of the division shall enforce the provisions of this title with
             127      the same authority and following the same procedures as other law enforcement officers.
             128          (2) (a) Conservation officers shall seize any protected wildlife illegally taken or held.
             129          (b) (i) Upon determination of a defendant's guilt by the court, the protected wildlife
             130      shall be confiscated by the court and sold or otherwise disposed of by the division.
             131          (ii) Proceeds of the sales shall be deposited in the Wildlife Resources Account.
             132          (iii) Migratory wildfowl may not be sold, but must be given to a charitable institution
             133      or used for other charitable purposes.
             134          [(3) Materials and devices used for the unlawful taking or possessing of protected
             135      wildlife shall be seized, and upon a finding by the court that they were used in the unlawful
             136      taking or possessing of protected wildlife, the materials and devices shall be subject to criminal
             137      or civil forfeiture under the procedures and substantive protections established in Title 24,
             138      Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]
             139          [(4)] (3) (a) Conservation officers may seize and impound a vehicle used for the
             140      unlawful taking or possessing of protected wildlife for any of the following purposes:
             141          (i) to provide for the safekeeping of the vehicle, if the owner or operator is arrested;
             142          (ii) to search the vehicle as provided in Subsection (2)(a) or as provided by a search
             143      warrant; or
             144          (iii) to inspect the vehicle for evidence that protected wildlife was unlawfully taken or
             145      possessed.
             146          (b) The division shall store any seized vehicle in a public or private garage, state
             147      impound lot, or other secured storage facility.
             148          [(5)] (4) A seized vehicle shall be released to the owner no later than 30 days after the
             149      date the vehicle is seized, unless the vehicle was used for the unlawful taking or possessing of
             150      wildlife by a person who is charged with committing a felony under this title.
             151          [(6) (a) Upon a finding by a court that the person who used the vehicle for the unlawful


             152      taking or possessing of wildlife is guilty of a felony under this title, the vehicle may be subject
             153      to criminal or civil forfeiture under the procedures and substantive protections established in
             154      Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]
             155          [(b)] (5) (a) The owner of a seized vehicle is liable for the payment of any impound fee
             156      if he used the vehicle for the unlawful taking or possessing of wildlife and is found by a court
             157      to be guilty of a violation of this title.
             158          [(c)] (b) The owner of a seized vehicle is not liable for the payment of any impound fee
             159      or, if the fees have been paid, is entitled to reimbursement of the fees paid, if:
             160          (i) no charges are filed or all charges are dropped which involve the use of the vehicle
             161      for the unlawful taking or possessing of wildlife;
             162          (ii) the person charged with using the vehicle for the unlawful taking or possessing of
             163      wildlife is found by a court to be not guilty; or
             164          (iii) the owner did not consent to a use of the vehicle which violates this chapter.
             165          Section 2. Section 24-1-101 is enacted to read:
             166     
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

             167     
Part 1. Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act

             168          24-1-101. Title.
             169          This title is known as "Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act."
             170          Section 3. Section 24-1-102 is enacted to read:
             171          24-1-102. Definitions.
             172          As used in this section:
             173          (1) "Acquittal" means a finding by a jury or a court at trial that the claimant is not
             174      guilty, but does not include a verdict or plea of guilty to a lesser charge.
             175          (2) "Agency" means any agency of municipal, county, or state government, including
             176      law enforcement agencies, law enforcement personnel, and multijurisdictional task forces.
             177          (3) "CCJJ" means the Utah Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice.
             178          (4) "CFRA" means the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account created in Section
             179      24-4-115 .
             180          (5) "Claimant" means:
             181          (a) any owner of property as defined in this section; and
             182          (b) any interest holder as defined in this section.


             183          (6) "Complaint" means a civil in rem complaint seeking the forfeiture of any real or
             184      personal property under this chapter.
             185          (7) "Constructive seizure" means a seizure of property where the property is left in the
             186      control of the owner and the seizing agency attaches to the property a notice of intent to forfeit.
             187          (8) (a) "Contraband" means any property, item, or substance that is unlawful to
             188      produce or to possess under state or federal law.
             189          (b) All controlled substances that are possessed, transferred, distributed, or offered for
             190      distribution in violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act, are
             191      contraband.
             192          (9) "Innocent owner" means a claimant who:
             193          (a) held an ownership interest in property at the time the conduct subjecting the
             194      property to forfeiture occurred, and:
             195          (i) did not have actual knowledge of the conduct subjecting the property to forfeiture;
             196      or
             197          (ii) upon learning of the conduct subjecting the property to forfeiture, took reasonable
             198      steps to prohibit the illegal use of the property; or
             199          (b) acquired an ownership interest in the property and who had no knowledge that the
             200      illegal conduct subjecting the property to forfeiture had occurred or that the property had been
             201      seized for forfeiture, and:
             202          (i) acquired the property in a bona fide transaction for value;
             203          (ii) was a person, including a minor child, who acquired an interest in the property
             204      through probate or inheritance; or
             205          (iii) was a spouse who acquired an interest in property through dissolution of marriage
             206      or by operation of law.
             207          (10) (a) "Interest holder" means a secured party as defined in Section 70A-9a-102 , a
             208      mortgagee, lien creditor, or the beneficiary of a security interest or encumbrance pertaining to
             209      an interest in property, whose interest would be perfected against a good faith purchaser for
             210      value.
             211          (b) "Interest holder" does not mean a person who holds property for the benefit of or as
             212      an agent or nominee for another person, or who is not in substantial compliance with any
             213      statute requiring an interest in property to be recorded or reflected in public records in order to


             214      perfect the interest against a good faith purchaser for value.
             215          (11) "Known address" means a claimant's most recent address on record with a
             216      governmental entity, including any address described by the claimant to the seizing agency at
             217      the time property was seized.
             218          (12) "Legal costs" means the costs of litigating a forfeiture action as specified in
             219      Section 24-4-109 .
             220          (13) "Legislative body" means:
             221          (a) (i) the Legislature, county commission, county council, city commission, city
             222      council, or town council that has fiscal oversight and budgetary approval authority over a
             223      seizing agency; or
             224          (ii) the seizing agency's governing political subdivision; or
             225          (b) the lead governmental entity of a multijurisdictional task force, as designated in a
             226      memorandum of understanding executed by the agencies participating in the task force.
             227          (14) "Multijurisdictional task force" means a law enforcement task force or other
             228      agency comprised of persons who are employed by or acting under the authority of different
             229      governmental entities, including federal, state, county or municipal governments, or any
             230      combination of these agencies.
             231          (15) (a) "Owner" means any person or entity, other than an interest holder, that
             232      possesses a bona fide legal or equitable interest in real or personal property.
             233          (b) A person or entity who disclaims ownership of property is presumed to have
             234      relinquished all legal or equitable interest in the property.
             235          (16) (a) "Proceeds" means:
             236          (i) property of any kind that is obtained directly or indirectly as a result of the
             237      commission of an offense that gives rise to forfeiture; and
             238          (ii) any property that can be traced to property under Subsection (16)(a)(i).
             239          (b) "Proceeds" is not limited to the net gain or profit realized from the offense that
             240      gives rise to forfeiture.
             241          (17) "Property" means all property, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible, but
             242      does not include contraband.
             243          (18) "Prosecuting attorney" means:
             244          (a) the attorney general and any assistant attorney general;


             245          (b) any district attorney or deputy district attorney;
             246          (c) any county attorney or assistant county attorney; and
             247          (d) any other attorney authorized to commence an action on behalf of the state under
             248      this title.
             249          (19) "Public interest use" means:
             250          (a) use by a government agency as determined by the legislative body of the agency's
             251      jurisdiction; or
             252          (b) donation to a nonprofit charity registered with the state.
             253          (20) "Real property" means land and includes any building, fixture, improvement,
             254      appurtenance, structure, or other development that is affixed permanently to land.
             255          Section 4. Section 24-1-103 is enacted to read:
             256          24-1-103. Jurisdiction and venue.
             257          (1) A state district court has jurisdiction over any action filed in accordance with this
             258      title regarding:
             259          (a) all interests in property if the property is within this state at the time the action is
             260      filed; and
             261          (b) a claimant's interests in the property, if the claimant is subject to the personal
             262      jurisdiction of the district court.
             263          (2) (a) In addition to the venue provided for under Title 78B, Chapter 3, Part 3, Place
             264      of Trial - Venue, or any other provisions of law, a proceeding for forfeiture under this title may
             265      be maintained in the judicial district in which:
             266          (i) any part of the property is found; or
             267          (ii) a civil or criminal action could be maintained against a claimant for the conduct
             268      alleged to constitute grounds for forfeiture.
             269          (b) A claimant may obtain a change of venue under Section 78B-3-309 .
             270          Section 5. Section 24-2-101 is enacted to read:
             271     
CHAPTER 2. SEIZURE OF PROPERTY

             272          24-2-101. Grounds for seizing property.
             273          (1) Property may be seized by a peace officer or any other person authorized by law
             274      upon process issued by a court having jurisdiction over the property in accordance with the
             275      Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure relating to search warrants or administrative warrants.


             276          (2) Property may be seized under this title when:
             277          (a) the seizure is incident to an arrest;
             278          (b) the property seized has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the state in a
             279      criminal injunction or forfeiture proceeding under this title; or
             280          (c) the peace officer or other person authorized by law has probable cause to believe
             281      that the property:
             282          (i) is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety;
             283          (ii) is evidence of a crime, subject to the requirements of the Utah and United States
             284      constitutions;
             285          (iii) has been used or was intended to be used to commit a crime and has probable
             286      cause to believe the property will be damaged, intentionally diminished in value, destroyed,
             287      concealed, or removed from the state; or
             288          (iv) is proceeds of a crime.
             289          Section 6. Section 24-2-102 is enacted to read:
             290          24-2-102. Property seized from a person.
             291          (1) (a) When property is seized by a peace officer, the peace officer seizing it shall
             292      provide a receipt to the person from whom it was taken, which describes the property seized,
             293      the date of seizure, and contact information for the agency making the seizure.
             294          (b) A copy of the receipt shall be maintained by the seizing agency.
             295          (c) If custody of the property is transferred to another police agency or the property is
             296      placed in evidence, a copy of the receipt provided under Subsection (1)(a) shall accompany it
             297      until disposition of the property is made in accordance with this title.
             298          (2) When property is seized under this title, the peace officer may:
             299          (a) place the property under seal;
             300          (b) remove the property to a place designated by the warrant under which the property
             301      is seized; or
             302          (c) take custody of the property and remove the property to an appropriate location for
             303      disposition in accordance with law.
             304          (3) The seizing agency shall:
             305          (a) hold all seized property in safe custody until it can be disposed of as provided in
             306      this chapter; and


             307          (b) maintain a record of the property that includes:
             308          (i) a detailed inventory of all property seized;
             309          (ii) the name of the person from whom it was seized; and
             310          (iii) the case number assigned by the seizing agency.
             311          (4) Property seized under this title is not repleviable but is considered in custody of the
             312      seizing agency subject only to the orders of the court or the official having jurisdiction.
             313          (5) All controlled substances or other contraband that is seized by a peace officer may
             314      be retained for evidentiary or investigative purpose, including sampling or other preservation
             315      prior to disposal or destruction.
             316          (6) (a) The seizing agency shall deposit property that is in the form of cash or other
             317      readily negotiable instruments into a separate restricted account maintained by the agency
             318      solely for the purpose of managing and protecting the property from commingling, loss, or
             319      devaluation.
             320          (b) The seizing agency shall have written policies for the identification, tracking,
             321      management, and safekeeping of seized property, which shall include a prohibition against the
             322      transfer, sale, or auction of seized property to any employee of the seizing agency.
             323          Section 7. Section 24-3-101 is enacted to read:
             324     
CHAPTER 3. PROPERTY HELD AS EVIDENCE

             325          24-3-101. Property received as evidence by the court.
             326          (1) When property is received in evidence by the court, the clerk of the court shall
             327      retain the property or the clerk shall return the property to the custody of the peace officer.
             328          (2) The property shall be retained by the clerk or the officer until all direct appeals and
             329      retrials are final, at which time the property shall be returned to the owner in accordance with
             330      this chapter.
             331          (3) If the prosecuting attorney considers it necessary to retain control over the evidence
             332      in anticipation of possible collateral attacks upon the judgment or for use in a potential
             333      prosecution, the prosecutor may decline to authorize return of the property to the owner.
             334          Section 8. Section 24-3-102 is enacted to read:
             335          24-3-102. Property no longer needed as evidence -- Return procedure.
             336          (1) When the prosecuting attorney determines that property no longer needs to be held
             337      as evidence, the prosecuting attorney shall inform the seizing agency and shall authorize the


             338      disposal of the property as provided in this chapter.
             339          (2) (a) When the seizing agency is notified by the prosecuting attorney that property no
             340      longer needs to be held as evidence, the property shall be returned to the rightful owner, if the
             341      owner may lawfully possess it, or disposed of as authorized by this chapter.
             342          (b) The seizing agency shall exercise due diligence in attempting to notify the rightful
             343      owner that the property is to be returned.
             344          (c) Before the seizing agency may release property to a person claiming ownership of
             345      the property, the person shall establish that:
             346          (i) the person is the rightful owner; and
             347          (ii) the person may lawfully possess the property.
             348          Section 9. Section 24-3-103 is enacted to read:
             349          24-3-103. Receipt from owner of returned property.
             350          (1) When property is returned to the rightful owner, a receipt listing in detail the
             351      property returned shall be signed by the rightful owner.
             352          (2) The receipt shall be retained as a permanent record in the files of the seizing agency
             353      and a copy shall be provided to the rightful owner.
             354          Section 10. Section 24-3-104 is enacted to read:
             355          24-3-104. Disposition of property.
             356          (1) If the seizing agency is unable to locate the rightful owner of the property or if the
             357      rightful owner is not entitled to lawfully possess the property, the seizing agency may:
             358          (a) apply the property to public interest use;
             359          (b) sell the property at public auction and apply the proceeds of the sale to public
             360      interest use; or
             361          (c) destroy the property if unfit for sale.
             362          (2) Before applying the property to public interest use, the seizing agency shall obtain
             363      from the legislative body of its jurisdiction:
             364          (a) permission to apply the property to public interest use; and
             365          (b) the designation and approval of the public interest use of the property.
             366          (3) The prosecuting attorney may petition the court to apply the property towards any
             367      restitution, fines, fees, or monetary judgments.
             368          Section 11. Section 24-3-105 is enacted to read:


             369          24-3-105. Disposition of weapons.
             370          If the property is a weapon and the rightful owner is the person who committed the
             371      crime regarding which the weapon was seized or the rightful owner may not lawfully possess
             372      the weapon, ownership of the weapon shall revert to the seizing agency for its use and disposal
             373      as the seizing agency determines.
             374          Section 12. Section 24-3-106 is enacted to read:
             375          24-3-106. Petition to return property held as evidence.
             376          (1) (a) A person claiming ownership of property held as evidence may file a petition
             377      with the court for the return of the property.
             378          (b) The petition may be filed in:
             379          (i) the court in which criminal proceedings have commenced regarding the conduct for
             380      which the property is held as evidence; or
             381          (ii) the district court of the jurisdiction where the property was seized, if there are no
             382      pending criminal proceedings.
             383          (c) A copy of the petition shall be served on the prosecuting attorney and the seizing
             384      agency.
             385          (2) After an opportunity for an expedited hearing, the court may order that the property
             386      be:
             387          (a) returned to the rightful owner as determined by the court;
             388          (b) applied toward restitution, fines, or fees owed by the claimant in an amount set by
             389      the court;
             390          (c) converted to public interest use;
             391          (d) held for further legal action; or
             392          (e) destroyed.
             393          (3) Before the court can order property be returned to a person claiming ownership of
             394      property, the person must establish by clear and convincing evidence that:
             395          (a) the person is the rightful owner; and
             396          (b) the person may lawfully possess the property.
             397          (4) The agency in possession of the property shall return the property to the person
             398      determined to be the rightful owner as expeditiously as possible.
             399          Section 13. Section 24-4-101 is enacted to read:


             400     
CHAPTER 4. PROPERTY HELD FOR FORFEITURE

             401          24-4-101. Property subject to forfeiture.
             402          (1) All property that has been used to facilitate the commission of a state or federal
             403      crime, except for vehicles which are used to facilitate a misdemeanor or infraction, and
             404      property that is the proceeds of criminal activity may be forfeited under this chapter, including:
             405          (a) real property, including things growing on, affixed to, and found in land; and
             406          (b) tangible and intangible personal property, including money, rights, privileges,
             407      interests, claims, and securities of any kind.
             408          (2) If the property is used to facilitate a violation of Section 76-10-1204 , 76-10-1205 ,
             409      76-10-1206 , or 76-10-1222 , the property subject to forfeiture under this section is limited to
             410      property, the seizure or forfeiture of which would not constitute a prior restraint on the exercise
             411      of an affected party's rights under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States
             412      or Utah Constitution Article I, Section 15, or would not otherwise unlawfully interfere with the
             413      exercise of those rights.
             414          Section 14. Section 24-4-102 is enacted to read:
             415          24-4-102. Initiating forfeiture proceedings.
             416          (1) Within 60 days after the date that property is seized, a seizing agency requesting
             417      forfeiture must notify the prosecuting attorney of the items of property seized, the place of the
             418      seizure, and any persons arrested at the time of seizure.
             419          (2) (a) The seizing agency shall serve a notice of intent to seek forfeiture upon any
             420      claimant of the property known to law enforcement to have an interest in the property.
             421          (b) The notice of intent to seek forfeiture shall contain:
             422          (i) a description of the property seized;
             423          (ii) notice that the matter has been or will be referred to the prosecuting attorney;
             424          (iii) the name, business address, and business telephone number of the prosecuting
             425      attorney; and
             426          (iv) notice of the availability of a hardship or bond release of the property.
             427          (c) The notice shall be served by:
             428          (i) certified mail, return receipt requested, to the claimant's known address; or
             429          (ii) personal service.
             430          (3) (a) If the seizing agency fails to provide notice of intent to seek forfeiture as


             431      required in Subsection (2), a claimant may file a motion to return the property or void the
             432      forfeiture with respect to the claimant's interest in the property.
             433          (b) The motion shall be filed with the district court having jurisdiction over the case
             434      and served upon the seizing agency.
             435          (c) The motion may be brought at any time prior to the final disposition of the property
             436      under this chapter.
             437          (d) The court shall void any forfeiture made without notice under Subsection (2) unless
             438      the seizing agency demonstrates:
             439          (i) good cause for the failure to give notice to the claimant; or
             440          (ii) that the claimant had actual notice of the seizure.
             441          Section 15. Section 24-4-103 is enacted to read:
             442          24-4-103. Civil forfeiture procedure.
             443          (1) (a) Within 60 days from the date the seizing agency provides notice to the
             444      prosecuting attorney as provided in Subsection 24-4-101 (1), the prosecuting attorney may file a
             445      complaint for forfeiture in the district court having jurisdiction over the case.
             446          (b) The complaint shall describe with reasonable particularity:
             447          (i) the property that is the subject of the forfeiture proceeding;
             448          (ii) the date and place of seizure; and
             449          (iii) the allegations that constitute a basis for forfeiture.
             450          (2) (a) The prosecuting attorney shall serve a copy of the complaint and summons upon
             451      any claimant known to the prosecuting attorney to have an interest in the property.
             452          (b) Service of the complaint and summons shall be by:
             453          (i) certified mail, return receipt requested, to the claimant's known address;
             454          (ii) electronic publication for two successive weeks on the Utah Public Notice Website
             455      established in Section 63F-1-701 only if there is no known address; or
             456          (iii) personal service.
             457          (c) Service is effective upon the earlier of the date of:
             458          (i) mailing of a written notice;
             459          (ii) electronic publication; or
             460          (iii) personal service.
             461          (3) (a) In any case where the prosecuting attorney files a complaint for forfeiture, a


             462      claimant may file an answer to the complaint.
             463          (b) The answer shall be filed within 30 days after the complaint is served upon the
             464      claimant as provided in Subsection (2)(b).
             465          (4) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, forfeiture proceedings are governed
             466      by the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             467          (5) The court shall take all reasonable steps to expedite civil forfeiture proceedings and
             468      shall give these proceedings the same priority as is given to criminal cases.
             469          (6) In all suits or actions brought under this section for the civil forfeiture of any
             470      property, the burden of proof is on the prosecuting attorney to establish by clear and convincing
             471      evidence the extent to which, if any, the property is subject to forfeiture.
             472          (7) A claimant may file an answer to a complaint for civil forfeiture without posting
             473      bond with respect to the property subject to forfeiture.
             474          Section 16. Section 24-4-104 is enacted to read:
             475          24-4-104. Criminal procedures.
             476          (1) In cases where a claimant is criminally prosecuted for conduct giving rise to the
             477      forfeiture, the prosecuting attorney may elect to seek forfeiture of the claimant's interest in the
             478      property through the criminal case.
             479          (2) If the prosecuting attorney elects to seek forfeiture of the claimant's interest in the
             480      property through the criminal case, the information or indictment shall state that the claimant's
             481      interest in the property is subject to forfeiture and the basis for the forfeiture.
             482          (3) (a) Upon application of the prosecuting attorney, the court may enter restraining
             483      orders or injunctions, or take other reasonable actions to preserve for forfeiture under this
             484      section any property subject to forfeiture if, after notice to known claimants and claimants who
             485      can be identified after due diligence and who are known to have an interest in the property, and
             486      after affording those persons an opportunity for a hearing, the court determines that:
             487          (i) there is a substantial probability that the state will prevail on the issue of forfeiture
             488      and that failure to enter the order will result in the property being sold, transferred, destroyed,
             489      or removed from the jurisdiction of the court or otherwise made unavailable for forfeiture; and
             490          (ii) the need to preserve the availability of the property or prevent its sale, transfer,
             491      destruction, or removal through the entry of the requested order outweighs the hardship against
             492      any party against whom the order is to be entered.


             493          (b) A temporary restraining order may be entered ex parte upon application of the
             494      prosecuting attorney before or after an information or indictment has been filed with respect to
             495      the property, if the prosecuting attorney demonstrates that:
             496          (i) there is probable cause to believe that the property with respect to which the order is
             497      sought would, in the event of a conviction, be subject to forfeiture under this section; and
             498          (ii) provision of notice would jeopardize the availability of the property for forfeiture
             499      or would jeopardize an ongoing criminal investigation.
             500          (c) The temporary order expires not more than 10 days after entry unless extended for
             501      good cause shown or unless the party against whom it is entered consents to an extension.
             502          (d) After service of the temporary order upon any claimants known to the prosecuting
             503      attorney, a hearing concerning the order entered under this section shall be held as soon as
             504      practicable and prior to the expiration of the temporary order.
             505          (e) The court is not bound by the Utah Rules of Evidence regarding evidence it may
             506      receive and consider at any hearing under this section.
             507          (4) (a) Upon conviction of a claimant for conduct giving rise to criminal forfeiture, the
             508      prosecutor shall ask the finder of fact to make a specific finding as to whether the property or
             509      any part of it is subject to forfeiture.
             510          (b) Whether property is subject to forfeiture shall be proven beyond a reasonable
             511      doubt.
             512          (5) (a) Upon conviction of a claimant for violating any provision of state law
             513      subjecting a claimant's property to forfeiture and a finding by the trier of fact that the property
             514      is subject to forfeiture, the court shall enter a judgment and order the property forfeited to the
             515      state upon the terms stated by the court in its order.
             516          (b) Following the entry of an order declaring property forfeited, the court may, upon
             517      application of the prosecuting attorney, enter appropriate restraining orders or injunctions,
             518      require the execution of satisfactory performance bonds, appoint receivers, conservators,
             519      appraisers, accountants, or trustees, or take any other action to protect the interest of the state in
             520      property ordered forfeited.
             521          (6) (a) (i) After property is ordered forfeited under this section, the seizing agency shall
             522      direct the disposition of the property under Section 24-4-114 .
             523          (ii) Any property right or interest not exercisable by or transferable for value to the


             524      state expires and does not revert to the defendant.
             525          (iii) The defendant or any person acting in concert with or on behalf of the defendant is
             526      not eligible to purchase forfeited property at any sale held by the seizing agency unless
             527      approved by the judge.
             528          (b) The court may stay the sale or disposition of the property pending the conclusion of
             529      any appeal of the criminal case giving rise to the forfeiture if the defendant demonstrates that
             530      proceeding with the sale or disposition of the property may result in irreparable injury, harm, or
             531      loss.
             532          (7) Except under Subsection (3) or (10), a party claiming an interest in property subject
             533      to forfeiture under this section:
             534          (a) may not intervene in a trial or appeal of a criminal case involving the forfeiture of
             535      property under this section; and
             536          (b) may not commence an action at law or equity concerning the validity of the party's
             537      alleged interests in the property subsequent to the filing of an indictment or an information
             538      alleging that the property is subject to forfeiture under this section.
             539          (8) The district court that has jurisdiction of a case under this part may enter orders
             540      under this section without regard to the location of any property that may be subject to
             541      forfeiture under this section or that has been ordered forfeited under this section.
             542          (9) To facilitate the identification or location of property declared forfeited and to
             543      facilitate the disposition of petitions for remission or mitigation of forfeiture, after the entry of
             544      an order declaring property forfeited to the state, the court may upon application of the
             545      prosecuting attorney order that the testimony of any witness relating to the forfeited property be
             546      taken by deposition, and that any book, paper, document, record, recording, or other material
             547      shall be produced as provided for depositions and discovery under the Utah Rules of Civil
             548      Procedure.
             549          (10) (a) (i) Following the entry of an order of forfeiture under this section, the
             550      prosecuting attorney shall publish notice of the order's intent to dispose of the property by
             551      electronic publication for two successive weeks on the Utah Public Notice Website established
             552      in Section 63F-1-701 .
             553          (ii) The prosecuting attorney shall also send written notice to any claimants, other than
             554      the defendant, known to the prosecuting attorney to have an interest in the property, at the


             555      claimant's last known address.
             556          (b) Any claimant, other than the defendant, asserting a legal interest in property that
             557      has been ordered forfeited to the state under this section may, within 30 days after the notice
             558      has been published or the claimant receives the written notice under Subsection (10)(a),
             559      whichever is earlier, petition the court for a hearing to adjudicate the validity of the claimant's
             560      alleged interest in the property. Any genuine issue of material fact, including issues of
             561      standing, may be tried to a jury upon demand of any party.
             562          (c) The petition shall:
             563          (i) be in writing and signed by the claimant under penalty of perjury;
             564          (ii) set forth the nature and extent of the claimant's right, title, or interest in the
             565      property, the time and circumstances of the claimant's acquisition of the right, title, or interest
             566      in the property; and
             567          (iii) set forth any additional facts supporting the claimant's claim and the relief sought.
             568          (d) The trial or hearing on the petition shall be expedited to the extent practicable. The
             569      court may consolidate a trial or hearing on the petition and any petition filed by any claimant
             570      other than the defendant under this section. The court shall permit the parties to conduct
             571      pretrial discovery pursuant to the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             572          (e) At the trial or hearing, the claimant may testify and present evidence and witnesses
             573      on the claimant's own behalf and cross-examine witnesses who appear at the hearing. The
             574      prosecuting attorney may present evidence and witnesses in rebuttal and in defense of the claim
             575      to the property and cross-examine witnesses who appear. In addition to testimony and
             576      evidence presented at the trial or hearing, the court may consider the relevant portion of the
             577      record of the criminal case, which resulted in the order of forfeiture. Any trial or hearing shall
             578      be conducted pursuant to the Utah Rules of Evidence.
             579          (f) The court shall amend the order of forfeiture in accordance with its determination, if
             580      after the trial or hearing, the court or jury determines that the petitioner has established by a
             581      preponderance of the evidence that:
             582          (i) the claimant has a legal right, title, or interest in the property, and the right, title, or
             583      interest renders the order of forfeiture invalid in whole or in part because the right, title, or
             584      interest was vested in the claimant rather than the defendant or was superior to any right, title,
             585      or interest of the defendant at the time of the commission of the acts or conduct that gave rise


             586      to the forfeiture of the property under this section; or
             587          (ii) the claimant acquired the right, title, or interest in the property in a bona fide
             588      transaction for value and, at the time of acquisition, the claimant did not know that the property
             589      was subject to forfeiture.
             590          (g) Following the court's disposition of all petitions filed under this Subsection (10), or
             591      if no petitions are filed following the expiration of the period provided in Subsection (10)(b)
             592      for the filing of petitions, the state has clear title to property subject to the order of forfeiture
             593      and may warrant good title to any subsequent purchaser or transferee.
             594          Section 17. Section 24-4-105 is enacted to read:
             595          24-4-105. Trial by jury.
             596          The right to trial by jury applies to forfeiture proceedings under this chapter.
             597          Section 18. Section 24-4-106 is enacted to read:
             598          24-4-106. Innocent owners.
             599          (1) An innocent owner's interest in property may not be forfeited.
             600          (2) The prosecuting attorney has the burden of establishing by clear and convincing
             601      evidence that a claimant:
             602          (a) is responsible for the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, subject to Subsection (4);
             603          (b) knew of the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, and allowed the property to be
             604      used in furtherance of the conduct;
             605          (c) acquired the property with notice of its actual or constructive seizure for forfeiture
             606      under this chapter;
             607          (d) acquired the property knowing the property was subject to forfeiture under this
             608      chapter; or
             609          (e) acquired the property in an effort to conceal, prevent, hinder, or delay its lawful
             610      seizure or forfeiture under any provision of state law.
             611          (3) A claimant under this chapter is not required to take steps to prevent illegal use or
             612      criminal activity regarding the property that the claimant reasonably believes would be likely to
             613      result in physical harm or danger to any person. A claimant may demonstrate that the claimant
             614      took reasonable action to prohibit the illegal use of the property by:
             615          (a) making a timely notification to a law enforcement agency of information that led
             616      the claimant to know that conduct subjecting the property to seizure would occur, was


             617      occurring, or has occurred;
             618          (b) timely revoking or attempting to revoke permission to use the property regarding
             619      those engaging in the illegal conduct; or
             620          (c) taking reasonable actions to discourage or prevent the illegal use of the property.
             621          (4) If the state relies on Subsection (2)(a) to establish that a claimant is not an innocent
             622      owner, and if the claimant is criminally charged with the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture
             623      and is acquitted of that charge on the merits:
             624          (a) the property subject to the forfeiture or the open market value of the property, if the
             625      property has been disposed of under Subsection 24-4-106 (13), shall be returned to the
             626      claimant; and
             627          (b) any payments required under this chapter regarding holding the property shall be
             628      paid to the claimant.
             629          (5) A person may not assert under this title an ownership interest in contraband.
             630          (6) Property is presumed to be subject to forfeiture under this chapter if the prosecuting
             631      attorney establishes by clear and convincing evidence that:
             632          (a) the claimant has engaged in conduct giving cause for forfeiture;
             633          (b) the property was acquired by the claimant during that period of the conduct giving
             634      cause for forfeiture or within a reasonable time after that period; and
             635          (c) there was no likely source for the purchase or acquisition of the property other than
             636      the conduct giving cause for forfeiture.
             637          (7) A finding that property is the proceeds of conduct giving cause for forfeiture does
             638      not require proof that the property was the proceeds of any particular exchange or transaction.
             639          (8) A claimant is not acquitted on the merits based upon a guilty plea to a lesser or
             640      included offense.
             641          Section 19. Section 24-4-107 is enacted to read:
             642          24-4-107. Release of property held for forfeiture on certain grounds.
             643          (1) After the seizing agency gives notice that the property is to be held for forfeiture, a
             644      person or entity may not alienate, convey, sequester, or attach that property until the court
             645      issues a final order of dismissal or an order of forfeiture regarding the property.
             646          (2) The seizing agency or the prosecuting attorney may authorize the release of
             647      property held for forfeiture to a claimant if retention of actual custody is unnecessary.


             648          (3) With the consent of a court of competent jurisdiction, the prosecuting attorney may
             649      discontinue forfeiture proceedings and transfer the action to another state or federal agency that
             650      has initiated forfeiture proceedings involving the same property.
             651          (4) Property held for forfeiture is considered to be in the custody of the district court
             652      and subject only to:
             653          (a) the orders and decrees of the court having jurisdiction over the property or the
             654      forfeiture proceedings; and
             655          (b) the acts of the seizing agency or the prosecuting attorney pursuant to this chapter.
             656          (5) (a) A claimant may obtain release of property held for forfeiture by posting with the
             657      district court a surety bond or cash in an amount equal to the current fair market value of the
             658      property as determined by the court or by the parties' stipulation.
             659          (b) The district court may refuse to order the release of the property if:
             660          (i) the bond tendered is inadequate;
             661          (ii) the property is contraband or is retained as evidence; or
             662          (iii) the property is particularly altered or designed for use in conduct giving cause for
             663      forfeiture.
             664          (c) If a surety bond or cash is posted and the court later determines that the property is
             665      subject to forfeiture, the court shall order the forfeiture of the surety bond or cash in lieu of the
             666      property.
             667          (6) A claimant is entitled to the immediate release of property held for forfeiture
             668      pending the final determination of forfeiture if:
             669          (a) the claimant had a possessory interest in the property at the time of seizure;
             670          (b) continued possession by the agency or the state pending the final disposition of the
             671      forfeiture proceedings will cause substantial hardship to the claimant, such as:
             672          (i) preventing the functioning of a legitimate business;
             673          (ii) preventing any individual from working;
             674          (iii) preventing any child from attending elementary or secondary school;
             675          (iv) preventing or hindering any person from receiving necessary medical care;
             676          (v) hindering the care of an elderly or disabled dependent child or adult; or
             677          (vi) leaving any individual homeless, or any other condition that the court determines
             678      causes a substantial hardship;


             679          (c) the hardship from the continued possession by the agency of the property outweighs
             680      the risk that the property will be destroyed, damaged, lost, concealed, or transferred if it is
             681      returned to the claimant during the pendency of the proceeding; and
             682          (d) determination of substantial hardship under this Subsection (6) is based upon the
             683      property's use prior to the seizure.
             684          (7) After the seizing agency gives notice that the property is to be held for forfeiture, a
             685      claimant may file a motion for hardship release:
             686          (a) in the court in which forfeiture proceedings have commenced; or
             687          (b) in any district court having jurisdiction over the property, if forfeiture proceedings
             688      have not yet commenced.
             689          (8) The motion for hardship release shall also be served upon the prosecuting attorney
             690      or the seizing agency within 10 days after filing the motion.
             691          (9) The court shall render a decision on a motion for hardship filed under this section
             692      not later than 20 days after the date of filing, or 10 days after service upon the prosecuting
             693      attorney or seizing agency, whichever is earlier, unless this period is extended by the agreement
             694      of both parties or by the court for good cause shown.
             695          (10) (a) If the claimant demonstrates substantial hardship pursuant to this section, the
             696      court shall order the property immediately released to the claimant pending completion of
             697      proceedings by the government to obtain forfeiture of the property.
             698          (b) The court may place conditions on release of the property as it finds necessary and
             699      appropriate to preserve the availability of the property or its equivalent for forfeiture.
             700          (11) The hardship release under this section does not apply if the property is:
             701          (a) contraband;
             702          (b) currency or other monetary instrument or electronic funds; or
             703          (c) likely to be used to commit additional illegal acts if returned to the claimant.
             704          (12) (a) The court may order property that is held for forfeiture to be sold, as allowed
             705      by Subsection (13), leased, rented, or operated to satisfy a specified interest of any claimant, or
             706      to preserve the interests of any party on motion of that party.
             707          (b) The court may enter orders under Subsection (12)(a) after written notice to persons
             708      known to have an interest in the property, and after an opportunity for a hearing.
             709          (13) (a) A sale may be ordered under Subsection (12) when the property is liable to


             710      perish, waste, or be significantly reduced in value, or when the expenses of maintaining the
             711      property are disproportionate to its value.
             712          (b) A third party designated by the court shall dispose of the property by commercially
             713      reasonable public sale and distribute the proceeds in the following order of priority:
             714          (i) first, for the payment of reasonable expenses incurred in connection with the sale;
             715          (ii) second, for the satisfaction of any interests, including those of interest holders, in
             716      the order of their priority as determined by Title 70A, Uniform Commercial Code; and
             717          (iii) third, any balance of the proceeds shall be preserved in the actual or constructive
             718      custody of the court, in an interest-bearing account, subject to further proceedings under this
             719      chapter.
             720          Section 20. Section 24-4-108 is enacted to read:
             721          24-4-108. Prejudgment and postjudgment interest.
             722          In any proceeding to forfeit currency or other negotiable instruments under this chapter,
             723      the court shall award a prevailing party prejudgment and postjudgment interest on the currency
             724      or negotiable instruments at the interest rate established under Section 15-1-1 .
             725          Section 21. Section 24-4-109 is enacted to read:
             726          24-4-109. Attorney fees and costs.
             727          (1) In any forfeiture proceeding under this chapter, the prevailing party may receive
             728      reasonable:
             729          (a) legal costs; and
             730          (b) attorney fees, but not to exceed 20% of the value of the forfeited property.
             731          (2) A party that prevails only in part is entitled to recover reasonable costs and attorney
             732      fees only on those issues on which the party prevailed.
             733          (3) An award of attorney fees against the state shall be paid from the CFRA.
             734          Section 22. Section 24-4-110 is enacted to read:
             735          24-4-110. Compensation for damaged property.
             736          (1) If property seized for forfeiture is returned by operation of this chapter, a claimant
             737      has a civil right of action against a seizing agency for any claim based upon the negligent
             738      destruction, loss, damage, or other injury to seized property while in the possession or custody
             739      of the agency.
             740          (2) As used in this section, "damage or other injury" does not include normal


             741      depreciation, deterioration, or ordinary wear and tear.
             742          Section 23. Section 24-4-111 is enacted to read:
             743          24-4-111. Limitation on fees for holding seized property.
             744          In any civil or criminal proceeding under this chapter in which a judgment is entered in
             745      favor of a claimant, or where a forfeiture proceeding against a claimant is voluntarily dismissed
             746      by the prosecuting attorney, the seizing agency may not charge that claimant any fee or cost for
             747      holding seized property.
             748          Section 24. Section 24-4-112 is enacted to read:
             749          24-4-112. Proportionality.
             750          (1) (a) A claimant's interest in property that is used to facilitate a crime, excluding
             751      contraband, is not subject to forfeiture under any provision of state law if the forfeiture is
             752      substantially disproportional to the use of the property in committing or facilitating a violation
             753      of state law and the value of the property.
             754          (b) Forfeiture of property used solely in a manner that is merely incidental and not
             755      instrumental to the commission or facilitation of a violation of law is not proportional.
             756          (2) (a) In determining proportionality, the court shall consider:
             757          (i) the conduct giving cause for the forfeiture;
             758          (ii) what portion of the forfeiture, if any, is remedial in nature;
             759          (iii) the gravity of the conduct for which the claimant is responsible in light of the
             760      offense; and
             761          (iv) the value of the property.
             762          (b) If the court finds that the forfeiture is substantially disproportional to the conduct
             763      for which the claimant is responsible, it shall reduce or eliminate the forfeiture, as it finds
             764      appropriate.
             765          (3) The prosecuting attorney has the burden to demonstrate that any forfeiture is
             766      proportional to the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture.
             767          (4) In all cases the court shall decide questions of proportionality.
             768          (5) Forfeiture of proceeds is not subject to proportionality review.
             769          Section 25. Section 24-4-113 is enacted to read:
             770          24-4-113. Transfer and sharing procedures.
             771          (1) Seizing agencies or prosecuting attorneys authorized to bring forfeiture proceedings


             772      under this chapter may not directly or indirectly transfer property held for forfeiture and not
             773      already named in a criminal indictment to any federal agency or any governmental entity not
             774      created under and subject to state law unless:
             775          (a) the conduct giving rise to the investigation or seizure is interstate in nature and
             776      sufficiently complex to justify the transfer;
             777          (b) the property may only be forfeited under federal law; or
             778          (c) pursuing forfeiture under state law would unreasonably burden prosecuting
             779      attorneys or state law enforcement agencies.
             780          (2) All property, money, or other things of value received by an agency pursuant to
             781      federal law, which authorizes the sharing or transfer of all or a portion of forfeited property or
             782      the proceeds of the sale of forfeited property to an agency:
             783          (a) shall be used in compliance with federal laws and regulations relating to equitable
             784      sharing;
             785          (b) may be used for those law enforcement purposes specified in Subsection
             786      24-4-116 (8); and
             787          (c) may not be used for those law enforcement purposes prohibited in Subsection
             788      24-4-116 (9).
             789          (3) A state or local law enforcement agency awarded any equitable share of property
             790      forfeited by the federal government may only use the award money after approval of the use by
             791      the agency's legislative body.
             792          (4) (a) Each agency awarded any equitable share of property forfeited by the federal
             793      government shall file copies of all federal equitable sharing certifications, applications, and
             794      reports with the state auditor and CCJJ annually.
             795          (b) Information under Subsection (4)(a) shall provide details of all awards received
             796      from the federal government during the preceding reporting period, including for each award:
             797          (i) the agency's case number or other identification;
             798          (ii) the amount of the award;
             799          (iii) the date of the award;
             800          (iv) the identity of the federal agency involved in the forfeiture;
             801          (v) how the awarded property has been used; and
             802          (vi) a statement signed by both the agency's executive officer or designee and by the


             803      agency's legal counsel that the agency has only used the awarded property for crime reduction
             804      or law enforcement purposes authorized under Section 24-4-116 , and only upon approval by
             805      the agency's legislative body.
             806          Section 26. Section 24-4-114 is enacted to read:
             807          24-4-114. Disposition and allocation of forfeiture property.
             808          (1) Upon finding that property is subject to forfeiture under this chapter, the court shall
             809      order the property forfeited to the state.
             810          (2) (a) If the property is not currency, the seizing agency shall authorize a public or
             811      otherwise commercially reasonable sale of that property that is not required by law to be
             812      destroyed and that is not harmful to the public.
             813          (b) If the property forfeited is an alcoholic product as defined in Section 32B-1-102 , it
             814      shall be disposed of as follows:
             815          (i) An alcoholic product shall be sold if the alcoholic product is:
             816          (A) unadulterated, pure, and free from any crude, unrectified, or impure form of ethylic
             817      alcohol, or any other deleterious substance or liquid; and
             818          (B) otherwise in saleable condition.
             819          (ii) An alcoholic product and its package shall be destroyed, if the alcoholic product is
             820      impure, adulterated, or otherwise unfit for sale.
             821          (c) If the property forfeited is a cigarette product as defined in Section 59-22-202 , it
             822      shall be destroyed, except that prior to the destruction of any cigarette seized pursuant to this
             823      part, the lawful holder of the trademark rights in the cigarette brand shall be permitted to
             824      inspect the cigarette.
             825          (d) The proceeds of the sale of forfeited property shall remain segregated from other
             826      property, equipment, or assets of the seizing agency until transferred to the state in accordance
             827      with this chapter.
             828          (3) From the forfeited property, both currency and the proceeds or revenue from the
             829      sale of the property, the seizing agency shall:
             830          (a) deduct the seizing agency's direct costs and expenses of obtaining and maintaining
             831      the property pending forfeiture; and
             832          (b) pay the legal costs and attorney fees to the prosecuting agency for the prosecution
             833      of the forfeiture proceeding.


             834          (4) If the forfeiture arises from any violation relating to wildlife resources, the
             835      remaining currency and the proceeds or revenue from the sale of the property shall be deposited
             836      in the Wildlife Resources Account created in Section 23-14-13 .
             837          (5) The remaining currency and the proceeds or revenue from the sale of the property
             838      shall then be transferred to CCJJ and deposited in the CFRA.
             839          Section 27. Section 24-4-115 is enacted to read:
             840          24-4-115. Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account.
             841          (1) There is created within the General Fund a restricted account known as the
             842      "Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account."
             843          (2) Proceeds from forfeited property and forfeited money through state forfeitures shall
             844      be deposited in the CFRA.
             845          (3) Money in the CFRA shall be appropriated to CCJJ for implementing the Crime
             846      Reduction Assistance Program under Section 24-4-116 .
             847          Section 28. Section 24-4-116 is enacted to read:
             848          24-4-116. Crime Reduction Assistance Program.
             849          (1) There is created the Crime Reduction Assistance Program.
             850          (2) The program shall fund crime prevention and law enforcement activities that have
             851      the purpose of:
             852          (a) deterring crime by depriving criminals of the profits and proceeds of their illegal
             853      activities;
             854          (b) weakening criminal enterprises by removing the instrumentalities of crime;
             855          (c) reducing crimes involving substance abuse by supporting the creation,
             856      administration, or operation of drug court programs throughout the state;
             857          (d) encouraging cooperation between local, state, and multijurisdictional law
             858      enforcement agencies;
             859          (e) allowing the costs and expenses of law enforcement to be defrayed by the forfeited
             860      proceeds of crime; and
             861          (f) increasing the equitability and accountability of the use of forfeited property used to
             862      assist law enforcement in reducing and preventing crime.
             863          (3) When property is forfeited under this chapter and transferred to CFRA and is then
             864      appropriated to CCJJ, CCJJ shall make awards of money to state, local, or multijurisdictional


             865      law enforcement agencies or political subdivisions of the state in compliance with this section
             866      and to further the program purposes under Subsection (2).
             867          (4) Agencies or political subdivisions shall apply for program awards by completing
             868      and submitting forms specified by CCJJ.
             869          (5) In granting the awards, CCJJ shall ensure that the amount of each award takes into
             870      consideration:
             871          (a) the demonstrated needs of the agency;
             872          (b) the demonstrated ability of the agency to appropriately use the award;
             873          (c) the degree to which the agency's need is offset through the agency's participation in
             874      federal equitable sharing or through other federal and state grant programs; and
             875          (d) the agency's cooperation with other state and local agencies and task forces.
             876          (6) Applying agencies or political subdivisions shall demonstrate compliance with all
             877      reporting and policy requirements applicable under this chapter and under Title 63M, Chapter
             878      7, Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse, in order to qualify as a potential award recipient.
             879          (7) Recipient law enforcement agencies may only use program award money after
             880      approval by the agency's legislative body. The award money is nonlapsing.
             881          (8) A recipient law enforcement agency or political subdivision shall use program
             882      awards only for law enforcement or controlled substance law enforcement purposes as
             883      described in this section, and only as these purposes are specified by the agency or political
             884      subdivision in its application for the award.
             885          (9) Permissible law enforcement purposes for which award money may be used
             886      include:
             887          (a) controlled substance interdiction and enforcement activities;
             888          (b) drug court programs;
             889          (c) activities calculated to enhance future investigations;
             890          (d) law enforcement training that includes:
             891          (i) implementation of the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution and
             892      Utah Constitution Article I, Section 7, and addresses the protection of the individual's rights of
             893      due process;
             894          (ii) protection of the rights of innocent property holders; and
             895          (iii) the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding states'


             896      sovereignty and the states' reserved rights;
             897          (e) law enforcement or detention facilities;
             898          (f) law enforcement operations or equipment that are not routine costs or operational
             899      expenses;
             900          (g) drug, gang, or crime prevention education programs that are sponsored in whole or
             901      in part by the law enforcement agency or its legislative body; and
             902          (h) matching funds for other state or federal law enforcement grants.
             903          (10) Law enforcement purposes for which award money may not be granted or used
             904      include:
             905          (a) payment of salaries, retirement benefits, or bonuses to any person;
             906          (b) payment of enforcement expenses not related to law enforcement;
             907          (c) uses not specified in the agency's award application;
             908          (d) uses not approved by the agency's legislative body;
             909          (e) payments, transfers, or pass-through funding to entities other than law enforcement
             910      agencies; or
             911          (f) uses, payments, or expenses that are not within the scope of the agency's functions.
             912          (11) (a) For each fiscal year, any state, local, or multijurisdictional agency or political
             913      subdivision that received a program award shall prepare, and file with CCJJ and the state
             914      auditor, a report in a form specified by CCJJ.
             915          (b) The report shall include the following regarding each award:
             916          (i) the agency's name;
             917          (ii) the amount of the award;
             918          (iii) the date of the award;
             919          (iv) how the award has been used; and
             920          (v) a statement signed by both the agency's or political subdivision's executive officer
             921      or designee and by the agency's legal counsel, that:
             922          (A) the agency or political subdivision has complied with all inventory, policy, and
             923      reporting requirements of this chapter; and
             924          (B) all program awards were used for crime reduction or law enforcement purposes as
             925      specified in the application only upon approval by the agency's or political subdivision's
             926      legislative body.


             927          (12) (a) CCJJ shall report in writing to the legislative Law Enforcement and Criminal
             928      Justice Interim Committee annually regarding the forfeited property transferred to the CFRA,
             929      awards made by the program, uses of program awards, and any equitable share of property
             930      forfeited by the federal government as reported by agencies pursuant to Subsection
             931      24-4-113 (4).
             932          (b) The report shall be submitted annually on or before November 1.
             933          Section 29. Section 32B-4-206 (Effective 07/01/11) is amended to read:
             934           32B-4-206 (Effective 07/01/11). Payment of fine or forfeiture.
             935          [(1) The following are subject to forfeiture pursuant to Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah
             936      Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act:]
             937          [(a) an alcoholic product possessed, purchased, used, stored, sold, offered for sale,
             938      furnished, given, received, warehoused, manufactured, distributed, shipped, carried,
             939      transported, or adulterated in violation of this title or commission rules;]
             940          [(b) a package or property used or intended for use as a package for an alcoholic
             941      product in violation of this title or commission rules;]
             942          [(c) raw materials, products, and equipment used, or intended for use, in
             943      manufacturing, processing, delivering, importing, exporting, or adulterating an alcoholic
             944      product in violation of this title or commission rules;]
             945          [(d) implements, furniture, fixtures, or other personal property used or kept for a
             946      violation of this title or commission rules;]
             947          [(e) conveyances including an aircraft, vehicle, or vessel used or intended for use, to
             948      transport or in any manner facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt, possession, or
             949      concealment of property described in Subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), or (d); and]
             950          [(f) a record used or intended for use in violation of this title or commission rules.]
             951          [(2) (a) Property subject to forfeiture under this title may be seized by a peace officer of
             952      this state or any other person authorized by law upon process issued by a court having
             953      jurisdiction over the property in accordance with the Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure relating
             954      to search warrants or administrative warrants.]
             955          [(b) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a), seizure without process may be made when:]
             956          [(i) the seizure is incident to an arrest or search under a search warrant or an inspection
             957      under an administrative inspection warrant;]


             958          [(ii) the property subject to seizure has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of
             959      the state in a criminal injunction or forfeiture proceeding under this title;]
             960          [(iii) the peace officer or other person authorized by law has probable cause to believe
             961      that the property is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety; or]
             962          [(iv) the peace officer or other person authorized by law has probable cause to believe
             963      that the property is being or has been used, intended to be used, held, or kept in violation of this
             964      title or commission rules.]
             965          [(3) If property is seized pursuant to a search or administrative warrant, a peace officer
             966      or other person authorized by law shall comply with the requirements of the Utah Rules of
             967      Criminal Procedure.]
             968          [(4) (a) If property is seized without process:]
             969          [(i) the peace officer or other person authorized by law shall make a return of the peace
             970      officer's or person's acts without delay directly to the district court of the county in which the
             971      property was located; and]
             972          [(ii) the district court shall have jurisdiction of the case.]
             973          [(b) A return shall describe:]
             974          [(i) the property seized;]
             975          [(ii) the place where the property is seized; and]
             976          [(iii) any person in apparent possession of the property.]
             977          [(c) A peace officer or other person described in Subsection (4)(a) shall promptly:]
             978          [(i) deliver a written inventory of anything seized to any person in apparent authority at
             979      the premises where the seizure is made; or]
             980          [(ii) post a written inventory of anything seized in a conspicuous place at the premises.]
             981          [(d) A written inventory under this Subsection (4) shall state the place where the
             982      property is being held.]
             983          [(5) Property taken or detained under this section is not repleviable but is considered in
             984      custody of the law enforcement agency making the seizure subject only to the orders of the
             985      court or the official having jurisdiction. When property is seized under this title, the
             986      appropriate person or agency may:]
             987          [(a) place the property under seal;]
             988          [(b) remove the property to a place designated by:]


             989          [(i) the person or agency; or]
             990          [(ii) the warrant under which the property is seized; or]
             991          [(c) take custody of the property and remove the property to an appropriate location for
             992      disposition in accordance with law.]
             993          [(6) When property is subject to forfeiture under this section, a proceeding shall be
             994      instituted in accordance with Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]
             995          [(7) When property is ordered forfeited under Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
             996      Forfeiture Procedures Act, by a finding of a court that no person is entitled to recover the
             997      property, the property, if an alcohol package or product used as a package for an alcoholic
             998      product, shall be disposed of as follows:]
             999          [(a) An alcoholic product shall be sold in accordance with Section 24-1-17 if the
             1000      alcoholic product is:]
             1001          [(i) unadulterated, pure, and free from crude, unrectified, or impure form of ethylic
             1002      alcohol, or any other deleterious substance or liquid; and]
             1003          [(ii) otherwise in saleable condition.]
             1004          [(b) If the alcoholic product is impure, adulterated, or otherwise unfit for sale, the
             1005      department shall destroy the alcoholic product and its package under competent supervision.]
             1006          [(8)] Except when otherwise provided, a fine or forfeiture levied under this title shall
             1007      be paid to the county treasurer of the county in which the prosecution occurred.
             1008          Section 30. Section 41-6a-527 is amended to read:
             1009           41-6a-527. Seizure and impoundment of vehicles by peace officers -- Impound
             1010      requirements -- Removal of vehicle by owner -- Forfeiture.
             1011          (1) If a peace officer arrests, cites, or refers for administrative action the operator of a
             1012      vehicle for violating Section 41-6a-502 , 41-6a-517 , 41-6a-518.2 , 41-6a-520 , 41-6a-530 ,
             1013      41-6a-606 , 53-3-231 , 53-3-232 , or a local ordinance similar to Section 41-6a-502 which
             1014      complies with Subsection 41-6a-510 (1), the peace officer shall seize and impound the vehicle
             1015      in accordance with Section 41-6a-1406 , except as provided under Subsection (2).
             1016          (2) If a registered owner of the vehicle, other than the operator, is present at the time of
             1017      arrest, the peace officer may release the vehicle to that registered owner, but only if:
             1018          (a) the registered owner:
             1019          (i) requests to remove the vehicle from the scene; and


             1020          (ii) presents to the peace officer sufficient identification to prove ownership of the
             1021      vehicle or motorboat;
             1022          (b) the registered owner identifies a driver with a valid operator's license who:
             1023          (i) complies with all restrictions of his operator's license; and
             1024          (ii) would not, in the judgment of the officer, be in violation of Section 41-6a-502 ,
             1025      41-6a-517 , 41-6a-518.2 , 41-6a-520 , 41-6a-530 , 53-3-231 , 53-3-232 , or a local ordinance
             1026      similar to Section 41-6a-502 which complies with Subsection 41-6a-510 (1) if permitted to
             1027      operate the vehicle; and
             1028          (c) the vehicle itself is legally operable.
             1029          (3) If necessary for transportation of a motorboat for impoundment under this section,
             1030      the motorboat's trailer may be used to transport the motorboat.
             1031          [(4) A motor vehicle is subject to criminal or civil forfeiture under the procedures and
             1032      substantive protections established in Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures
             1033      Act, upon a finding by the court that:]
             1034          [(a) the motor vehicle was used in a violation of Section 41-6a-502 , 41-6a-517 , a local
             1035      ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1), Subsection
             1036      58-37-8 (2)(g), or Section 76-5-207 ;]
             1037          [(b) the operator of the vehicle has previously been convicted of a violation committed
             1038      after May 12, 2009, of:]
             1039          [(i) a felony driving under the influence violation under Section 41-6a-502 ;]
             1040          [(ii) a felony violation of Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g); or]
             1041          [(iii) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ;]
             1042          [(c) the operator of the vehicle was driving on a denied, suspended, revoked, or
             1043      disqualified license; and]
             1044          [(d) (i) the denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification under Subsection (4)(c)
             1045      was imposed because of a violation of:]
             1046          [(A) Section 41-6a-502 ;]
             1047          [(B) Section 41-6a-517 ;]
             1048          [(C) a local ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection
             1049      41-6a-510 (1);]
             1050          [(D) Section 41-6a-520 ;]


             1051          [(E) Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);]
             1052          [(F) Section 76-5-207 ; or]
             1053          [(G) a criminal prohibition that the person was charged with violating as a result of a
             1054      plea bargain after having been originally charged with violating one or more of the sections or
             1055      ordinances described in Subsections (4)(d)(i)(A) through (F); or]
             1056          [(ii) (A) the denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification described in Subsection
             1057      (4)(c) is an extension imposed under Subsection 53-3-220 (2) of a denial, suspension,
             1058      revocation, or disqualification; and]
             1059          [(B) the original denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification was imposed
             1060      because of a violation described in Subsection (4)(d)(i)(A) through (G).]
             1061          Section 31. Section 53-7-406 is amended to read:
             1062           53-7-406. Penalties.
             1063          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), a manufacturer, wholesale dealer,
             1064      agent, or any other person or entity who knowingly sells or offers to sell cigarettes, other than
             1065      through retail sale, in violation of Section 53-7-403 :
             1066          (i) for a first offense shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $10,000 per each
             1067      sale of cigarettes; and
             1068          (ii) for a subsequent offense shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $25,000 per
             1069      each sale of such cigarettes.
             1070          (b) A penalty imposed under Subsection (1)(a) may not exceed $100,000 during any
             1071      30-day period against any one entity described in Subsection (1).
             1072          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), a retail dealer who knowingly sells
             1073      cigarettes in violation of Section 53-7-403 shall:
             1074          (i) for a first offense for each sale or offer for sale of cigarettes, if the total number of
             1075      cigarettes sold or offered for sale:
             1076          (A) does not exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $500
             1077      for each sale or offer of sale; and
             1078          (B) does exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000 for
             1079      each sale or offer of sale; and
             1080          (ii) for a subsequent offense, if the total number of cigarettes sold or offered for sale:
             1081          (A) does not exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $2,000


             1082      for each sale or offer of sale; and
             1083          (B) does exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for
             1084      each sale or offer of sale.
             1085          (b) A penalty imposed under Subsection (2)(a) against any retail dealer shall not
             1086      exceed $25,000 during a 30-day period.
             1087          (3) In addition to any penalty prescribed by law, any corporation, partnership, sole
             1088      proprietor, limited partnership, or association engaged in the manufacture of cigarettes that
             1089      knowingly makes a false certification pursuant to Section 53-7-404 shall, for each false
             1090      certification:
             1091          (a) for a first offense, be liable for a civil penalty of at least $75,000; and
             1092          (b) for a subsequent offense, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $250,000.
             1093          (4) Any person violating any other provision in this part shall be liable for a civil
             1094      penalty for each violation:
             1095          (a) for a first offense, not to exceed $1,000; and
             1096          (b) for a subsequent offense, not to exceed $5,000.
             1097          [(5) Any cigarettes that have been sold or offered for sale that do not comply with the
             1098      performance standard required by Section 53-7-403 shall be subject to forfeiture under Title 24,
             1099      Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act, and, upon being forfeited, shall be
             1100      destroyed, provided, however, that prior to the destruction of any cigarette seized pursuant to
             1101      this part, the true holder of the trademark rights in the cigarette brand shall be permitted to
             1102      inspect the cigarette.]
             1103          [(6)] (5) In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the state fire marshal or
             1104      attorney general may file an action in district court for a violation of this part, including
             1105      petitioning for injunctive relief or to recover any costs or damages suffered by the state because
             1106      of a violation of this part, including enforcement costs relating to the specific violation and
             1107      attorney fees. Each violation of this part or of rules or regulations adopted under this part
             1108      constitutes a separate civil violation for which the state fire marshal or attorney general may
             1109      obtain relief.
             1110          Section 32. Section 63J-1-602.1 is amended to read:
             1111           63J-1-602.1. List of nonlapsing accounts and funds -- General authority and Title
             1112      1 through Title 30.


             1113          (1) Appropriations made to the Legislature and its committees.
             1114          (2) The Salinity Offset Fund created in Section 4-2-8.5 .
             1115          (3) The Invasive Species Mitigation Account created in Section 4-2-8.7 .
             1116          (4) The Rangeland Improvement Account created in Section 4-20-2 .
             1117          (5) The Percent-for-Art Program created in Section 9-6-404 .
             1118          (6) The Centennial History Fund created in Section 9-8-604 .
             1119          (7) The Uintah Basin Revitalization Fund, as provided in Section 9-10-108 .
             1120          (8) The Navajo Revitalization Fund created in Section 9-11-104 .
             1121          (9) The LeRay McAllister Critical Land Conservation Program created in Section
             1122      11-38-301 .
             1123          (10) The Clean Fuels and Vehicle Technology Fund created in Section 19-1-403 .
             1124          (11) An appropriation made to the Division of Wildlife Resources for the appraisal and
             1125      purchase of lands under the Pelican Management Act, as provided in Section 23-21a-6 .
             1126          (12) Award money under the Crime Reduction Assistance Program, as provided under
             1127      Section [ 24-1-19 ] 24-4-116 .
             1128          (13) Funds collected from the emergency medical services grant program, as provided
             1129      in Section 26-8a-207 .
             1130          (14) The Utah Health Care Workforce Financial Assistance Program created in Section
             1131      26-46-102 .
             1132          Section 33. Section 76-6-903 is amended to read:
             1133           76-6-903. Penalties.
             1134          (1) A person is guilty of a class B misdemeanor if that person:
             1135          (a) violates this part; or
             1136          (b) counsels, procures, solicits, or employs any other person to violate this part.
             1137          (2) A person is guilty of a third degree felony if:
             1138          (a) that person commits a second or subsequent violation described in Subsection (1);
             1139      or
             1140          (b) the amount calculated under Subsection (3) for a violation described in Subsection
             1141      (1) exceeds $500.
             1142          (3) The amount described in Subsection (2)(b) is calculated by adding the:
             1143          (a) commercial or archaeological value of the antiquities involved in the violation; and


             1144          (b) cost of the restoration and repair of the antiquities involved in the violation.
             1145          [(4) (a) All property used in conjunction with the criminal activity, together with all
             1146      photographs and records, shall be forfeited to the state.]
             1147          [(b)] (4) All articles and material discovered, collected, excavated, or offered for sale
             1148      or exchange shall be surrendered to the landowner.
             1149          Section 34. Section 76-10-1603.5 is amended to read:
             1150           76-10-1603.5. Violation a felony -- Costs -- Forfeiture -- Fines -- Divestiture --
             1151      Restrictions -- Dissolution or reorganization -- Prior restraint.
             1152          (1) A person who violates any provision of Section 76-10-1603 is guilty of a second
             1153      degree felony. In addition to penalties prescribed by law, the court may order the person found
             1154      guilty of the felony to pay to the state, if the attorney general brought the action, or to the
             1155      county, if the county attorney or district attorney brought the action, the costs of investigating
             1156      and prosecuting the offense and the costs of securing the forfeitures provided for in this
             1157      section. [The person shall forfeit:]
             1158          [(a) any interest acquired or maintained in violation of any provision of Section
             1159      76-10-1603 ;]
             1160          [(b) any interest in, security of, claim against, or property or contractual right of any
             1161      kind affording a source of influence over any enterprise which the person has established,
             1162      operated, controlled, conducted, or participated in the conduct of in violation of Section
             1163      76-10-1603 ; and]
             1164          [(c) any property constituting or derived from the net proceeds which the person
             1165      obtained, directly or indirectly, from the conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity or
             1166      from any act or conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity proven as part of the
             1167      violation of any provision of Section 76-10-1603 .]
             1168          [(2) If a violation of Section 76-10-1603 is based on a pattern of unlawful activity
             1169      consisting of acts or conduct in violation of Section 76-10-1204 , 76-10-1205 , 76-10-1206 , or
             1170      76-10-1222 , the property subject to forfeiture under this section is limited to property, the
             1171      seizure or forfeiture of which would not constitute a prior restraint on the exercise of an
             1172      affected party's rights under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States or
             1173      Utah Constitution Article I, Section 15, or would not otherwise unlawfully interfere with the
             1174      exercise of those rights.]


             1175          [(3)] (2) In lieu of a fine otherwise authorized by law for a violation of Section
             1176      76-10-1603 , a defendant who derives net proceeds from a conduct prohibited by Section
             1177      76-10-1603 may be fined not more than twice the amount of the net proceeds.
             1178          [(4) Property subject to forfeiture in accordance with the procedures and substantive
             1179      protections of Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act:]
             1180          [(a) includes:]
             1181          [(i) real property, including things growing on, affixed to, and found in land; and]
             1182          [(ii) tangible and intangible personal property including money, rights, privileges,
             1183      interests, claims, and securities of any kind; but]
             1184          [(b) does not include property exchanged or to be exchanged for services rendered in
             1185      connection with the defense of the charges or any related criminal case.]
             1186          [(5)] (3) Upon conviction for violating any provision of Section 76-10-1603 , and in
             1187      addition to any penalty prescribed by law [and in addition to any forfeitures provided for in this
             1188      section], the court may do any or all of the following:
             1189          (a) order restitution to any victim or rightful owner of property obtained, directly or
             1190      indirectly, from:
             1191          (i) the conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity; or
             1192          (ii) any act or conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity that is proven as part
             1193      of the violation of any provision of Section 76-10-1603 ;
             1194          (b) order the person to divest himself of any interest in or any control, direct or
             1195      indirect, of any enterprise;
             1196          (c) impose reasonable restrictions on the future activities or investments of any person,
             1197      including prohibiting the person from engaging in the same type of endeavor as the enterprise
             1198      engaged in, to the extent the Utah Constitution and the Constitution of the United States
             1199      permit; or
             1200          (d) order the dissolution or reorganization of any enterprise.
             1201          [(6)] (4) If a violation of Section 76-10-1603 is based on a pattern of unlawful activity
             1202      consisting of acts or conduct in violation of Section 76-10-1204 , 76-10-1205 , 76-10-1206 , or
             1203      76-10-1222 , the court may not enter any order that would amount to a prior restraint on the
             1204      exercise of an affected party's rights under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the
             1205      United States or Utah Constitution Article I, Section 15.


             1206          [(7) All rights, title, and interest in forfeitable property described in Subsections (1)
             1207      and (2) are subject to forfeiture proceedings in accordance with the procedures and substantive
             1208      protections of Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]
             1209          [(8)] (5) For purposes of this section, the "net proceeds" of an offense means property
             1210      acquired as a result of the violation minus the direct costs of acquiring the property.
             1211          Section 35. Section 77-24-1 is amended to read:
             1212           77-24-1. Definition.
             1213          [As used in this chapter:]
             1214          [(1) "Intangible property" means:]
             1215          [(a) money, checks, drafts, deposits, interest, dividends, and income;]
             1216          [(b) credit balances, customer overpayments, gift certificates, security deposits,
             1217      refunds, credit memos, unpaid wages, unused airline tickets, and unidentified remittances;]
             1218          [(c) stocks and other intangible ownership interests in business associations;]
             1219          [(d) money deposited to redeem stocks, bonds, coupons, and other securities or to
             1220      make distributions;]
             1221          [(e) amounts due and payable under the terms of insurance policies; and]
             1222          [(f) amounts distributable from a trust or custodial fund established under a plan to
             1223      provide health, welfare, pension, vacation, severance, retirement, death, stock purchase, profit
             1224      sharing, employee savings, supplemental unemployment insurance, or similar benefits.]
             1225          [(2) "Property" means any tangible or intangible property that is not seized for
             1226      forfeiture pursuant to Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act, that:]
             1227          [(a) comes into the possession of a peace officer through execution of a search
             1228      warrant;]
             1229          [(b) comes into the possession of a peace officer pursuant to an arrest of a person, with
             1230      or without a warrant;]
             1231          [(c) is received or taken as evidence in connection with any public offense; or]
             1232          [(d)] As used in this chapter, "property" means any property that comes into the
             1233      possession of a municipal or county animal control officer.
             1234          [(3) "Tangible property" means all property that is not intangible property.]
             1235          Section 36. Section 77-24-1.5 is amended to read:
             1236           77-24-1.5. Stray animals.


             1237          [(1) Each peace officer shall:]
             1238          [(a) hold all property in safe custody:]
             1239          [(i) until it is received into evidence; or]
             1240          [(ii) if it is not used as evidence, until it can be disposed of as provided in this chapter;
             1241      and]
             1242          [(b) maintain a proper record of the property that identifies:]
             1243          [(i) the owner of the property, if known; and]
             1244          [(ii) the case for which it was taken or received and is being held.]
             1245          [(2) (a)] (1) Each municipal or county animal control officer shall hold any unidentified
             1246      or unclaimed stray dog or stray cat in safe and humane custody for a minimum of three
             1247      working days after the time of impound prior to making any final disposition of the animal,
             1248      including:
             1249          [(i)] (a) placement in an adoptive home or other transfer of the animal, which shall be
             1250      in compliance with Title 10, Chapter 17, Municipal Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act, or
             1251      Title 17, Chapter 42, County Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act; or
             1252          [(ii)] (b) euthanasia.
             1253          [(b)] (2) An unidentified or unclaimed stray dog or stray cat may be euthanized prior to
             1254      the completion of the three working day minimum holding period to prevent unnecessary
             1255      suffering due to serious injury or disease, if the euthanasia is in compliance with written
             1256      established agency or department policies and procedures, and with any local ordinances
             1257      allowing the destruction.
             1258          [(c)] (3) An unidentified or unclaimed stray dog or stray cat shall be returned to its
             1259      owner upon:
             1260          [(i)] (a) proof of ownership;
             1261          [(ii)] (b) compliance with requirements of local animal control ordinances; and
             1262          [(iii)] (c) compliance with Title 10, Chapter 17, Municipal Animal Shelter Pet
             1263      Sterilization Act, or Title 17, Chapter 42, County Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act.
             1264          Section 37. Section 77-24a-1 is repealed and reenacted to read:
             1265     
CHAPTER 24a. LOST OR MISLAID PERSONAL PROPERTY

             1266          77-24a-1. Definition.
             1267          (1) "Lost or mislaid property":


             1268          (a) means any property that comes into the possession of a peace officer or law
             1269      enforcement agency:
             1270          (i) that is not claimed by anyone who is identified as the owner of the property; or
             1271          (ii) for which no owner or interest holder can be found after a reasonable and diligent
             1272      search;
             1273          (b) includes any property received by a peace officer or law enforcement agency from a
             1274      person claiming to have found the property; and
             1275          (c) does not include property seized by a peace officer pursuant to Title 24, Forfeiture
             1276      Procedures.
             1277          (2) "Public interest use" means:
             1278          (a) use by a governmental agency as determined by the agency's legislative body; or
             1279          (b) donation to a nonprofit charity registered with the state.
             1280          Section 38. Section 77-24a-2 is amended to read:
             1281           77-24a-2. Disposition by law enforcement agency.
             1282          All [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property coming into the possession of a peace officer
             1283      or law enforcement agency shall be turned over to, held, and disposed of only by the local law
             1284      enforcement agency whose authority extends to the area where the item was found.
             1285          Section 39. Section 77-24a-3 is amended to read:
             1286           77-24a-3. Statement of finder.
             1287          (1) A person [finding unclaimed] who finds lost or mislaid property and [delivering]
             1288      delivers it to a local law enforcement agency shall sign a statement included in a form provided
             1289      by the agency, stating [how]:
             1290          (a) the manner in which the property came into [his] the person's possession, including
             1291      the time, date, and place[, and stating];
             1292          (b) that [he] the person does not know who [the owner of] owns the property [is,];
             1293          (c) that to the person's knowledge the property was not [to his knowledge] stolen[,];
             1294          (d) that [his] the person's possession of [it] the property is not unlawful[,]; and
             1295      [providing]
             1296          (e) any information [he] the person is aware of which could lead to a determination of
             1297      the owner. [Other information]
             1298          (2) Additional information may be requested by the agency receiving the [item]


             1299      property, as necessary.
             1300          Section 40. Section 77-24a-4 is amended to read:
             1301           77-24a-4. Locating owner.
             1302          (1) The local law enforcement agency shall take reasonable steps to determine the
             1303      identity and location of the owner, and notify [him] the owner that the property is in custody.
             1304          (2) The owner may obtain the property only by [making identification of himself and
             1305      of] providing personal identification, identifying the property, and paying any costs incurred by
             1306      the agency, including costs for advertising or storage.
             1307          Section 41. Section 77-24a-5 is amended to read:
             1308           77-24a-5. Disposition of lost or mislaid property.
             1309          (1) (a) If the owner of any [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property cannot be determined or
             1310      notified, or if [he] the owner of the property is determined and notified, and fails to appear and
             1311      claim the property after three months of its receipt by the local law enforcement agency, the
             1312      agency shall:
             1313          (i) publish at least one notice of the intent to dispose of the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid
             1314      property:
             1315          (A) in a newspaper of general circulation within the county; and
             1316          (B) as required in Section 45-1-101 ; [and]
             1317          (ii) post a similar notice in a public place designated for notice within the law
             1318      enforcement agency[.]; and
             1319          (iii) publish an electronic notice for two successive weeks on the Utah Public Notice
             1320      Website established in Section 63F-1-701 only if there is no known address.
             1321          (b) The notice shall:
             1322          (i) give a general description of the item; and
             1323          (ii) the date of intended disposition.
             1324          (c) The agency may not dispose of the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property until at
             1325      least eight days after the date of publication and posting.
             1326          (2) (a) If no claim is made for the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property within nine days
             1327      of publication and posting, the agency shall notify the person who turned the property over to
             1328      the local law enforcement agency, if it was turned over by a person under Section 77-24a-3 .
             1329          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (4), if that person has complied with the


             1330      provisions of this chapter, the person may take the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property if the
             1331      person:
             1332          (i) pays the costs incurred for advertising and storage; and
             1333          (ii) signs a receipt for the item.
             1334          (3) If the person who found the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property fails to take the
             1335      property under the provisions of this chapter, the agency [shall dispose of that property and any
             1336      other property that is not claimed under this chapter as provided by Section 77-24-4 .] may:
             1337          (a) apply the property to public interest use as provided in Subsection (4);
             1338          (b) sell the property at public auction and apply the proceeds of the sale to public
             1339      interest use; or
             1340          (c) destroy the property if unfit for sale.
             1341          (4) Before applying the lost or mislaid property to public interest use, the agency
             1342      having possession of the property shall obtain from the agency's legislative body:
             1343          (a) permission to apply the property to public interest use; and
             1344          (b) the designation and approval of the public interest use of the property.
             1345          [(4)] (5) Any person employed by a law enforcement agency who finds property may
             1346      not claim or receive property under this section.
             1347          Section 42. Repealer.
             1348          This bill repeals:
             1349          Section 24-1-1, Title.
             1350          Section 24-1-2, Purpose.
             1351          Section 24-1-3, Definitions.
             1352          Section 24-1-3.5, Jurisdiction and venue.
             1353          Section 24-1-4, Civil Procedures.
             1354          Section 24-1-5, No bond required in civil cases.
             1355          Section 24-1-6, Innocent owners.
             1356          Section 24-1-7, Hardship release of seized property.
             1357          Section 24-1-8, Criminal procedures.
             1358          Section 24-1-9, Appointment of counsel for indigent claimants in civil and criminal
             1359      forfeiture proceedings.
             1360          Section 24-1-10, Prejudgment and postjudgment interest.


             1361          Section 24-1-11, Attorneys' fees and costs.
             1362          Section 24-1-12, Compensation for damaged property.
             1363          Section 24-1-13, Limitation on fees for holding seized property.
             1364          Section 24-1-14, Proportionality.
             1365          Section 24-1-15, Transfer and sharing procedures.
             1366          Section 24-1-17, Disposition and allocation of forfeiture property.
             1367          Section 24-1-18, Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account.
             1368          Section 24-1-19, Crime Reduction Assistance Program.
             1369          Section 24-1-20, State Law Enforcement Forfeiture Account created -- Revenue
             1370      sources -- Use of account designated.
             1371          Section 41-6a-211, Vehicle subject to forfeiture -- Seizure -- Procedure.
             1372          Section 58-37-13, Property subject to forfeiture -- Seizure -- Procedure.
             1373          Section 76-3-501, Vehicle subject to forfeiture -- Seizure -- Procedure.
             1374          Section 76-10-525, Disposition of weapons after use for court purposes.
             1375          Section 76-10-1107, Seizure and sale of devices or equipment used for gambling.
             1376          Section 76-10-1908, Forfeiture -- Grounds -- Procedure -- Disposition of property
             1377      seized.
             1378          Section 77-24-2, Property not needed as evidence -- Return procedure.
             1379          Section 77-24-3, Receipt from owner of returned property.
             1380          Section 77-24-4, Disposition of property.
             1381          Section 77-24-5, Property seized from person -- Duplicate receipts.
             1382          Section 43. Effective date.
             1383          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2011.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 3-1-11 11:37 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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