1     
UNLAWFUL DETENTION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Ryan D. Wilcox

             5     
Senate Sponsor: J. Stuart Adams

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Criminal Code regarding the offense of unlawful detention.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    creates the offense of unlawful detention of a minor when a person H. [ 18 years of age
             13      or older
] who is at least four or more years older than the victim .H
coerces or influences a
             13a      minor who is 14 or 15 years of age to stay with the
             14      person without the consent of the minor's parent or guardian, for an unreasonable
             15      amount of time, and in a situation that is not the offense of kidnapping.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          31A-21-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 320
             23          76-5-304, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 301
             24          76-5-306, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 301
             25          77-36-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 113 and 320


             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 31A-21-501 is amended to read:
             29           31A-21-501. Definitions.
             30          For purposes of this part:
             31          (1) "Applicant" means:
             32          (a) in the case of an individual life or accident and health policy, the person who seeks
             33      to contract for insurance benefits; or
             34          (b) in the case of a group life or accident and health policy, the proposed certificate
             35      holder.
             36          (2) "Cohabitant" means an emancipated individual pursuant to Section 15-2-1 or an
             37      individual who is 16 years of age or older who:
             38          (a) is or was a spouse of the other party;
             39          (b) is or was living as if a spouse of the other party;
             40          (c) is related by blood or marriage to the other party;
             41          (d) has one or more children in common with the other party; or
             42          (e) resides or has resided in the same residence as the other party.
             43          (3) "Child abuse" means the commission or attempt to commit against a child a
             44      criminal offense described in:
             45          (a) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 1, Assault and Related Offenses;
             46          (b) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             47          (c) Subsections 76-9-702 (1) through (4), Lewdness - Sexual battery; or
             48          (d) Section 76-9-702.5 , Lewdness Involving a Child.
             49          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             50      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             51      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             52      cohabitant against another and includes commission or attempt to commit, any of the following
             53      offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             54          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             55          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             56          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;


             57          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             58          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             59          (f) kidnaping, child kidnaping, or aggravated kidnaping, as described in Sections
             60      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             61          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             62          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, and Section 76-5b-201 ;
             63          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             64          (j) unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor, as described in Section
             65      76-5-304 ;
             66          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             67      76-5-108 ;
             68          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, [2, or 3]
             69      Property Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             70          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             71      76-10-507 ; or
             72          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             73      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 .
             74          (5) "Subject of domestic abuse" means an individual who is, has been, may currently
             75      be, or may have been subject to domestic violence or child abuse.
             76          Section 2. Section 76-5-304 is amended to read:
             77           76-5-304. Unlawful detention and unlawful detention of a minor.
             78          (1) An actor commits unlawful detention if the actor intentionally or knowingly,
             79      without authority of law, and against the will of the victim, detains or restrains the victim under
             80      circumstances not constituting a violation of:
             81          (a) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             82          (b) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; or
             83          (c) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 .
             84          (2) An actor commits unlawful detention of a minor if the actor intentionally or
             85      knowingly, without authority of law, and against the will of the victim, coerces or exerts
             86      influence over the victim with the intent to cause the victim to remain with the actor for an
             87      unreasonable period of time under the circumstances, and:


             88          (a) the act is under circumstances not constituting a violation of:
             89          (i) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             90          (ii) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; or
             91          (iii) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 ; and
             92          (b) the actor is H. [ 18 years of age or older ] at least four or more years older than the
             92a      victim .H .
             93          [(2)] (3) As used in this section, acting "against the will of the victim" includes acting
             94      without the consent of the legal guardian or custodian of a victim who is:
             95          (a) a mentally incompetent person[.]; or
             96          (b) a minor who is 14 or 15 years of age.
             97          [(3)] (4) Unlawful detention is a class B misdemeanor.
             98          Section 3. Section 76-5-306 is amended to read:
             99           76-5-306. Lesser included offenses.
             100          In this part, the following offenses are lesser included offenses of Section 76-5-302 ,
             101      aggravated kidnapping:
             102          (1) Section 76-5-301 , kidnapping; and
             103          (2) Section 76-5-304 , unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor.
             104          Section 4. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
             105           77-36-1. Definitions.
             106          As used in this chapter:
             107          (1) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as in Section 78B-7-102 .
             108          (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             109          (3) "Divorced" means an individual who has obtained a divorce under Title 30, Chapter
             110      3, Divorce.
             111          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             112      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             113      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             114      cohabitant against another. "Domestic violence" also means commission or attempt to commit,
             115      any of the following offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             116          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             117          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             118          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;


             119          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             120          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             121          (f) kidnapping, child kidnapping, or aggravated kidnapping, as described in Sections
             122      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             123          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             124          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, and
             125      Section 76-5b-201 , Sexual Exploitation of a Minor;
             126          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             127          (j) unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor, as described in Section
             128      76-5-304 ;
             129          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             130      76-5-108 ;
             131          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
             132      Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             133          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             134      76-10-507 ;
             135          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             136      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 ;
             137          (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102 , if a conviction of disorderly
             138      conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with
             139      any of the domestic violence offenses otherwise described in this Subsection (4). Conviction
             140      of disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this
             141      Subsection (4)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18
             142      U.S.C. Section 921, and is exempt from the provisions of the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C.
             143      Section 921 et seq.; or
             144          (p) child abuse as described in Section 76-5-109.1 .
             145          (5) "Jail release agreement" means a written agreement:
             146          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             147      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             148          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection 77-36-2.5
             149      (2).


             150          (6) "Jail release court order" means a written court order:
             151          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             152      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             153          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection
             154      77-36-2.5 (2).
             155          (7) "Marital status" means married and living together, divorced, separated, or not
             156      married.
             157          (8) "Married and living together" means a man and a woman whose marriage was
             158      solemnized under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are living in the same residence.
             159          (9) "Not married" means any living arrangement other than married and living together,
             160      divorced, or separated.
             161          (10) "Pretrial protective order" means a written order:
             162          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person who has been charged with a domestic
             163      violence offense may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             164          (b) specifying other conditions of release pursuant to Subsection 77-36-2.5 (3)(c),
             165      Subsection 77-36-2.6 (3), or Section 77-36-2.7 , pending trial in the criminal case.
             166          (11) "Sentencing protective order" means a written order of the court as part of
             167      sentencing in a domestic violence case that limits the contact a person who has been convicted
             168      of a domestic violence offense may have with a victim or other specified individuals pursuant
             169      to Sections 77-36-5 and 77-36-5.1 .
             170          (12) "Separated" means a man and a woman who have had their marriage solemnized
             171      under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are not living in the same residence.
             172          (13) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.


[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]