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H.B. 86 Enrolled

             1     

POSTING OF TRESPASS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: John G. Mathis

             5     
Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill makes it a class B misdemeanor for a person to take wildlife or engage in
             10      wildlife activities on private land if the person has notice to not enter or remain on the
             11      land.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    modifies the definition of "properly posted";
             15          .    makes it a class B misdemeanor for a person to take wildlife or engage in wildlife
             16      activities on private land if the person has notice to not enter or remain on the land;
             17      and
             18          .    makes technical changes.
             19      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          23-20-14, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 297
             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 23-20-14 is amended to read:
             29           23-20-14. Definitions -- Posted property -- Hunting by permission -- Entry on


             30      private land while hunting or fishing -- Violations -- Penalty -- Prohibitions inapplicable
             31      to officers -- Promotion of respect for private property.
             32          (1) As used in this section:
             33          (a) "Cultivated land" means land [which] that is readily identifiable as:
             34          (i) land whose soil is loosened or broken up for the raising of crops;
             35          (ii) land used for the raising of crops; or
             36          (iii) pasturage which is artificially irrigated.
             37          (b) "Division" means the Division of Wildlife Resources.
             38          (c) "Permission" means written authorization from the owner or person in charge to
             39      enter upon private land that is either cultivated or properly posted, and shall include:
             40          (i) the signature of the owner or person in charge;
             41          (ii) the name of the person being given permission;
             42          (iii) the appropriate dates; and
             43          (iv) a general description of the property.
             44          (d) "Properly posted" means that ["No Trespassing"] signs prohibiting trespass or [a
             45      minimum of 100 square inches of] bright yellow, bright orange, or fluorescent paint are clearly
             46      displayed:
             47          (i) at all corners, fishing streams crossing property lines, roads, gates, and
             48      rights-of-way entering the land[. If metal fence posts are used, the entire exterior side shall be
             49      painted.]; or
             50          (ii) in a manner that would reasonably be expected to be seen by a person in the area.
             51          (2) (a) While taking wildlife or engaging in wildlife related activities, a person may
             52      not:
             53          (i) without [the] permission [of the owner or person in charge], enter upon privately
             54      owned land that is cultivated or properly posted;
             55          [(ii) refuse to immediately leave the private land if requested to do so by the owner or
             56      person in charge; or]
             57          (ii) enter or remain on privately owned land if the person has notice to not enter or


             58      remain on the privately owned land; or
             59          (iii) obstruct any entrance or exit to private property.
             60          (b) A person has notice to not enter or remain on privately owned land if:
             61          (i) the person is directed to not enter or remain on the land by:
             62          (A) the owner of the land;
             63          (B) the owner's employee; or
             64          (C) a person with apparent authority to act for the owner; or
             65          (ii) the land is fenced or otherwise enclosed in a manner that a reasonable person
             66      would recognize as intended to exclude intruders.
             67          [(b) "Hunting] (c) The division shall provide "hunting by permission cards" [will be
             68      provided] to [landowners by the division] a landowner upon the landowner's request.
             69          [(c)] (d) A person may not post:
             70          (i) private property the person does not own or legally control; or
             71          (ii) land that is open to the public as provided by Section 23-21-4 .
             72          (3) (a) A person convicted of violating [any provision of] Subsection (2)(a) may have
             73      the person's license, tag, certificate of registration, or permit, relating to the activity engaged in
             74      at the time of the violation, revoked by a hearing officer.
             75          (b) A hearing officer may construe any subsequent conviction which occurs within a
             76      five-year period as a flagrant violation and may prohibit the person from obtaining a new
             77      license, tag, certificate of registration, or permit for a period of up to five years.
             78          (4) Subsection (2)(a) does not apply to peace or conservation officers in the
             79      performance of their duties.
             80          (5) (a) The division shall provide information regarding owners' rights and sportsmen's
             81      duties:
             82          (i) to anyone holding licenses, certificates of registration, tags, or permits to take
             83      wildlife; and
             84          (ii) by using the public media and other sources.
             85          (b) The restrictions in this section relating to trespassing shall be stated in all hunting


             86      and fishing proclamations issued by the Wildlife Board.
             87          (6) [Any] A person who violates [any provision of] Subsection (2)(a) or (d) is guilty of
             88      a class B misdemeanor.


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