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H.B. 159 Enrolled

             1     

UNLAWFUL DETENTION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Ryan D. Wilcox

             5     
Senate Sponsor: J. Stuart Adams

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Criminal Code regarding the offense of unlawful detention.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    creates the offense of unlawful detention of a minor when a person who is at least
             13      four or more years older than the victim coerces or influences a minor who is 14 or
             14      15 years of age to stay with the person without the consent of the minor's parent or
             15      guardian, for an unreasonable amount of time, and in a situation that is not the
             16      offense of kidnapping.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          31A-21-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 320
             24          76-5-304, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 301
             25          76-5-306, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 301
             26          77-36-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 113 and 320
             27     
             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 31A-21-501 is amended to read:


             30           31A-21-501. Definitions.
             31          For purposes of this part:
             32          (1) "Applicant" means:
             33          (a) in the case of an individual life or accident and health policy, the person who seeks
             34      to contract for insurance benefits; or
             35          (b) in the case of a group life or accident and health policy, the proposed certificate
             36      holder.
             37          (2) "Cohabitant" means an emancipated individual pursuant to Section 15-2-1 or an
             38      individual who is 16 years of age or older who:
             39          (a) is or was a spouse of the other party;
             40          (b) is or was living as if a spouse of the other party;
             41          (c) is related by blood or marriage to the other party;
             42          (d) has one or more children in common with the other party; or
             43          (e) resides or has resided in the same residence as the other party.
             44          (3) "Child abuse" means the commission or attempt to commit against a child a
             45      criminal offense described in:
             46          (a) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 1, Assault and Related Offenses;
             47          (b) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             48          (c) Subsections 76-9-702 (1) through (4), Lewdness - Sexual battery; or
             49          (d) Section 76-9-702.5 , Lewdness Involving a Child.
             50          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             51      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             52      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             53      cohabitant against another and includes commission or attempt to commit, any of the following
             54      offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             55          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             56          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             57          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;


             58          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             59          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             60          (f) kidnaping, child kidnaping, or aggravated kidnaping, as described in Sections
             61      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             62          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             63          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, and Section 76-5b-201 ;
             64          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             65          (j) unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor, as described in Section
             66      76-5-304 ;
             67          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             68      76-5-108 ;
             69          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, [2, or 3]
             70      Property Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             71          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             72      76-10-507 ; or
             73          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             74      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 .
             75          (5) "Subject of domestic abuse" means an individual who is, has been, may currently
             76      be, or may have been subject to domestic violence or child abuse.
             77          Section 2. Section 76-5-304 is amended to read:
             78           76-5-304. Unlawful detention and unlawful detention of a minor.
             79          (1) An actor commits unlawful detention if the actor intentionally or knowingly,
             80      without authority of law, and against the will of the victim, detains or restrains the victim under
             81      circumstances not constituting a violation of:
             82          (a) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             83          (b) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; or
             84          (c) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 .
             85          (2) An actor commits unlawful detention of a minor if the actor intentionally or


             86      knowingly, without authority of law, and against the will of the victim, coerces or exerts
             87      influence over the victim with the intent to cause the victim to remain with the actor for an
             88      unreasonable period of time under the circumstances, and:
             89          (a) the act is under circumstances not constituting a violation of:
             90          (i) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             91          (ii) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; or
             92          (iii) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 ; and
             93          (b) the actor is at least four or more years older than the victim.
             94          [(2)] (3) As used in this section, acting "against the will of the victim" includes acting
             95      without the consent of the legal guardian or custodian of a victim who is:
             96          (a) a mentally incompetent person[.]; or
             97          (b) a minor who is 14 or 15 years of age.
             98          [(3)] (4) Unlawful detention is a class B misdemeanor.
             99          Section 3. Section 76-5-306 is amended to read:
             100           76-5-306. Lesser included offenses.
             101          In this part, the following offenses are lesser included offenses of Section 76-5-302 ,
             102      aggravated kidnapping:
             103          (1) Section 76-5-301 , kidnapping; and
             104          (2) Section 76-5-304 , unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor.
             105          Section 4. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
             106           77-36-1. Definitions.
             107          As used in this chapter:
             108          (1) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as in Section 78B-7-102 .
             109          (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             110          (3) "Divorced" means an individual who has obtained a divorce under Title 30, Chapter
             111      3, Divorce.
             112          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             113      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to


             114      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             115      cohabitant against another. "Domestic violence" also means commission or attempt to commit,
             116      any of the following offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             117          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             118          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             119          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
             120          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             121          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             122          (f) kidnapping, child kidnapping, or aggravated kidnapping, as described in Sections
             123      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             124          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             125          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, and
             126      Section 76-5b-201 , Sexual Exploitation of a Minor;
             127          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             128          (j) unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor, as described in Section
             129      76-5-304 ;
             130          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             131      76-5-108 ;
             132          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
             133      Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             134          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             135      76-10-507 ;
             136          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             137      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 ;
             138          (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102 , if a conviction of disorderly
             139      conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with
             140      any of the domestic violence offenses otherwise described in this Subsection (4). Conviction
             141      of disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this


             142      Subsection (4)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18
             143      U.S.C. Section 921, and is exempt from the provisions of the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C.
             144      Section 921 et seq.; or
             145          (p) child abuse as described in Section 76-5-109.1 .
             146          (5) "Jail release agreement" means a written agreement:
             147          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             148      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             149          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection 77-36-2.5
             150      (2).
             151          (6) "Jail release court order" means a written court order:
             152          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             153      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             154          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection
             155      77-36-2.5 (2).
             156          (7) "Marital status" means married and living together, divorced, separated, or not
             157      married.
             158          (8) "Married and living together" means a man and a woman whose marriage was
             159      solemnized under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are living in the same residence.
             160          (9) "Not married" means any living arrangement other than married and living together,
             161      divorced, or separated.
             162          (10) "Pretrial protective order" means a written order:
             163          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person who has been charged with a domestic
             164      violence offense may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             165          (b) specifying other conditions of release pursuant to Subsection 77-36-2.5 (3)(c),
             166      Subsection 77-36-2.6 (3), or Section 77-36-2.7 , pending trial in the criminal case.
             167          (11) "Sentencing protective order" means a written order of the court as part of
             168      sentencing in a domestic violence case that limits the contact a person who has been convicted
             169      of a domestic violence offense may have with a victim or other specified individuals pursuant


             170      to Sections 77-36-5 and 77-36-5.1 .
             171          (12) "Separated" means a man and a woman who have had their marriage solemnized
             172      under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are not living in the same residence.
             173          (13) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.


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