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H.B. 129 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill clarifies the statute regarding civil liability for defending against criminal
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . clarifies that a person is justified in defending their home and family against
14 criminal activity and may not be liable for civil damages for injury or damage
15 occurring while doing so.
16 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
18 Other Special Clauses:
19 This bill provides an immediate effective date.
20 Utah Code Sections Affected:
22 78B-3-110, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 366
24 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
25 Section 1. Section 78B-3-110 is amended to read:
26 78B-3-110. Defense to civil action for damages resulting from commission of
28 (1) A person may not recover from the victim of a crime for personal injury or property
29 damage if [
30 (a) the person entered the property of the victim or the victim's family with criminal
31 intent and the injury or damage was inflicted by the victim or occurred while the person was on
32 the victim's property; or
33 (b) the person committed a crime against the victim or the victim's family, during
34 which the damage or injury occurred.
35 (2) The provisions of Subsection (1) do not apply if the person can prove by clear and
36 convincing evidence that[
39 (3) Subsection (1) applies to any next-of-kin, heirs, or personal representatives of the
40 person if the person acquires a disability or is killed.
41 (4) Subsections (1)[
42 attempting to commit the crime has clearly retreated from the criminal activity.
43 (5) "Clearly retreated" means that the person committing the criminal act has fully,
44 clearly, and immediately ceased all hostile, threatening, violent, or criminal behavior or
46 Section 2. Effective date.
47 If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
48 upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
49 Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
50 the date of veto override.
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