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H.B. 47





Chief Sponsor: Carol Spackman Moss

Senate Sponsor: Gene Davis

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      Committee Note:
             9          The Administrative Rules Review Committee recommended this bill.
             10      General Description:
             11          This bill modifies Chapter 3, Aging and Adult Services, of Title 62A, Utah Human
             12      Services Code, by amending definitions.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    amends the definition of "emotional or psychological abuse;" and
             16          .    makes technical changes.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          62A-3-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 320
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          Section 1. Section 62A-3-301 is amended to read:
             27           62A-3-301. Definitions.

             28          As used in this part:
             29          (1) "Abandonment" means any knowing or intentional action or failure to act,
             30      including desertion, by a person or entity acting as a caretaker for a vulnerable adult that leaves
             31      the vulnerable adult without the means or ability to obtain necessary food, clothing, shelter, or
             32      medical or other health care.
             33          (2) "Abuse" means:
             34          (a) knowingly or intentionally:
             35          (i) attempting to cause harm;
             36          (ii) causing harm; or
             37          (iii) placing another in fear of harm;
             38          (b) unreasonable or inappropriate use of physical restraint, medication, or isolation that
             39      causes or is likely to cause harm to a vulnerable adult;
             40          (c) emotional or psychological abuse;
             41          (d) a sexual offense as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;
             42      or
             43          (e) deprivation of life sustaining treatment, or medical or mental health treatment,
             44      except:
             45          (i) as provided in Title 75, Chapter 2a, Advance Health Care Directive Act; or
             46          (ii) when informed consent, as defined in Section 76-5-111 , has been obtained.
             47          (3) "Adult" means a person who is 18 years of age or older.
             48          (4) "Adult protection case file" means a record, stored in any format, contained in a
             49      case file maintained by Adult Protective Services.
             50          (5) "Adult Protective Services" means the unit within the division responsible to
             51      investigate abuse, neglect, and exploitation of vulnerable adults and provide appropriate
             52      protective services.
             53          (6) "Capacity to consent" means the ability of a person to understand and communicate
             54      regarding the nature and consequences of decisions relating to the person, and relating to the
             55      person's property and lifestyle, including a decision to accept or refuse services.
             56          (7) "Caretaker" means each person, entity, corporation, or public institution that
             57      assumes the responsibility to provide a vulnerable adult with care, food, shelter, clothing,
             58      supervision, medical or other health care, resource management, or other necessities.

             59          (8) "Counsel" means an attorney licensed to practice law in this state.
             60          (9) "Database" means the statewide database maintained by the division under Section
             61      62A-3-311.1 .
             62          (10) "Elder abuse" means abuse, neglect, or exploitation of an elder adult.
             63          (11) "Elder adult" means a person 65 years of age or older.
             64          (12) "Emergency" means a circumstance in which a vulnerable adult is at an immediate
             65      risk of death, serious physical injury, or serious physical, emotional, or financial harm.
             66          (13) (a) "Emotional or psychological abuse" means knowing or intentional verbal or
             67      nonverbal conduct directed at a vulnerable adult that results [or could result] in the vulnerable
             68      adult suffering mental anguish, emotional distress, fear, humiliation, degradation, agitation, or
             69      confusion.
             70          (b) "Emotional or psychological abuse" includes [ridiculing,] intimidating, [yelling,
             71      swearing,] threatening, isolating, coercing, or harassing.
             72          (c) "Emotional or psychological abuse" does not include verbal or non-verbal conduct
             73      by a vulnerable adult who lacks the capacity to intentionally or knowingly:
             74          (i) engage in the conduct; or
             75          (ii) cause mental anguish, emotional distress, fear, humiliation, degradation, agitation,
             76      or confusion.
             77          (14) "Exploitation" means an offense described in Subsection 76-5-111 (4) or Section
             78      76-5b-202 .
             79          (15) "Harm" means pain, mental anguish, emotional distress, hurt, physical or
             80      psychological damage, physical injury, serious physical injury, suffering, or distress inflicted
             81      knowingly or intentionally.
             82          (16) "Inconclusive" means a finding by the division that there is not a reasonable basis
             83      to conclude that abuse, neglect, or exploitation occurred.
             84          (17) "Intimidation" means communication through verbal or nonverbal conduct which
             85      threatens deprivation of money, food, clothing, medicine, shelter, social interaction,
             86      supervision, health care, or companionship, or which threatens isolation or abuse.
             87          (18) (a) "Isolation" means knowingly or intentionally preventing a vulnerable adult
             88      from having contact with another person by:
             89          (i) preventing the vulnerable adult from receiving visitors, mail, or telephone calls,

             90      contrary to the expressed wishes of the vulnerable adult, including communicating to a visitor
             91      that the vulnerable adult is not present or does not want to meet with or talk to the visitor,
             92      knowing that communication to be false;
             93          (ii) physically restraining the vulnerable adult in order to prevent the vulnerable adult
             94      from meeting with a visitor; or
             95          (iii) making false or misleading statements to the vulnerable adult in order to induce
             96      the vulnerable adult to refuse to receive communication from visitors or other family members.
             97          (b) The term "isolation" does not include an act intended to protect the physical or
             98      mental welfare of the vulnerable adult or an act performed pursuant to the treatment plan or
             99      instructions of a physician or other professional advisor of the vulnerable adult.
             100          (19) "Lacks capacity to consent" is as defined in Section 76-5-111 .
             101          (20) (a) "Neglect" means:
             102          (i) (A) failure of a caretaker to provide necessary care, including nutrition, clothing,
             103      shelter, supervision, personal care, or dental, medical, or other health care for a vulnerable
             104      adult, unless the vulnerable adult is able to provide or obtain the necessary care without
             105      assistance; or
             106          (B) failure of a caretaker to provide protection from health and safety hazards or
             107      maltreatment;
             108          (ii) failure of a caretaker to provide care to a vulnerable adult in a timely manner and
             109      with the degree of care that a reasonable person in a like position would exercise;
             110          (iii) a pattern of conduct by a caretaker, without the vulnerable adult's informed
             111      consent, resulting in deprivation of food, water, medication, health care, shelter, cooling,
             112      heating, or other services necessary to maintain the vulnerable adult's well being;
             113          (iv) knowing or intentional failure by a caretaker to carry out a prescribed treatment
             114      plan that causes or is likely to cause harm to the vulnerable adult;
             115          (v) self-neglect by the vulnerable adult; or
             116          (vi) abandonment by a caretaker.
             117          (b) "Neglect" does not include conduct, or failure to take action, that is permitted or
             118      excused under Title 75, Chapter 2a, Advance Health Care Directive Act.
             119          (21) "Physical injury" includes the damage and conditions described in Section
             120      76-5-111 .

             121          (22) "Protected person" means a vulnerable adult for whom the court has ordered
             122      protective services.
             123          (23) "Protective services" means services to protect a vulnerable adult from abuse,
             124      neglect, or exploitation.
             125          (24) "Self-neglect" means the failure of a vulnerable adult to provide or obtain food,
             126      water, medication, health care, shelter, cooling, heating, safety, or other services necessary to
             127      maintain the vulnerable adult's well being when that failure is the result of the adult's mental or
             128      physical impairment. Choice of lifestyle or living arrangements may not, by themselves, be
             129      evidence of self-neglect.
             130          (25) "Serious physical injury" is as defined in Section 76-5-111 .
             131          (26) "Supported" means a finding by the division that there is a reasonable basis to
             132      conclude that abuse, neglect, or exploitation occurred.
             133          (27) "Undue influence" occurs when a person uses the person's role, relationship, or
             134      power to exploit, or knowingly assist or cause another to exploit, the trust, dependency, or fear
             135      of a vulnerable adult, or uses the person's role, relationship, or power to gain control
             136      deceptively over the decision making of the vulnerable adult.
             137          (28) "Vulnerable adult" means an elder adult, or an adult who has a mental or physical
             138      impairment which substantially affects that person's ability to:
             139          (a) provide personal protection;
             140          (b) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or mental or other health care;
             141          (c) obtain services necessary for health, safety, or welfare;
             142          (d) carry out the activities of daily living;
             143          (e) manage the adult's own financial resources; or
             144          (f) comprehend the nature and consequences of remaining in a situation of abuse,
             145      neglect, or exploitation.
             146          (29) "Without merit" means a finding that abuse, neglect, or exploitation did not occur.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-22-11 2:14 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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