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Third Substitute H.B. 49

Senator Curtis S. Bramble proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
FIREARMS REVISIONS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Paul Ray

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill deals with provisions related to the possession of a firearm or dangerous
             10      weapon.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides that in the absence of additional threatening behavior, the otherwise lawful
             14      possession of a firearm or dangerous weapon, whether visible or concealed, may not
             15      be considered a violation of certain municipal ordinances;
             16          .    voids any firearm or dangerous weapon law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of
             17      conduct, or contractual obligation that does not reference the applicable legislative
             18      grant of authority and detail the conduct that is limited or prohibited pursuant to the
             19      grant; and
             20          .    makes technical changes.
             21      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             22          None
             23      Other Special Clauses:
             24          None
             25      Utah Code Sections Affected:


             26      AMENDS:
             27          10-8-47, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1981, Chapter 50
             28          10-8-50, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1995, Chapter 131
             29          76-9-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 20
             30      ENACTS:
             31          76-10-532, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32     
             33      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             34          Section 1. Section 10-8-47 is amended to read:
             35           10-8-47. Intoxication -- Fights -- Disorderly conduct -- Assault and battery -- Petit
             36      larceny -- Riots and disorderly assemblies -- Firearms and fireworks -- False pretenses
             37      and embezzlement -- Sale of liquor, narcotics or tobacco to minors -- Possession of
             38      controlled substances -- Treatment of alcoholics and narcotics or drug addicts.
             39          [They] (1) Except as provided in Section 76-10-532 , the municipal legislative body
             40      may:
             41          (a) prevent intoxication, fighting, quarreling, dog fights, cockfights, prize fights,
             42      bullfights, and all disorderly conduct and provide against and punish the offenses of assault and
             43      battery and petit larceny; [they may]
             44          (b) restrain riots, routs, noises, disturbances or disorderly assemblies in any street,
             45      house or place in the city; [they may]
             46          (c) regulate and prevent the discharge of firearms, rockets, powder, fireworks or any
             47      other dangerous or combustible material; [they may]
             48          (d) provide against and prevent the offense of obtaining money or property under false
             49      pretenses and the offense of embezzling money or property in all cases where the money or
             50      property embezzled or obtained under false pretenses does not exceed in value the sum of
             51      $100; and [may]
             52          (e) prohibit the sale, giving away or furnishing of intoxicating liquors or narcotics, or
             53      of tobacco to any person under 21 years of age[; cities].
             54          (2) Cities may, by ordinance[,]:
             55          (a) prohibit the possession of controlled substances as defined in [the] Title 58, Chapter
             56      37, Utah Controlled Substances Act, provided the conduct is not a class A misdemeanor or


             57      felony[,]; and
             58          (b) provide for treatment of alcoholics, narcotic addicts and other persons who are
             59      addicted to the use of drugs or intoxicants such that they substantially lack the capacity to
             60      control their use of the drugs or intoxicants, and judicial supervision may be imposed as a
             61      means of effecting their rehabilitation.
             62          Section 2. Section 10-8-50 is amended to read:
             63           10-8-50. Disturbing the peace -- Public intoxication -- Fighting -- Obscene
             64      language -- Disorderly conduct -- Lewd behavior -- Interference with officers -- Trespass.
             65          (1) [Boards] Except as provided in Section 76-10-532 , boards of commissioners and
             66      city councils of cities may provide for the punishment of any person or persons for:
             67          (a) disturbing the peace or good order of the city;
             68          (b) disturbing the peace of any person or persons;
             69          (c) disturbing any lawful assembly;
             70          (d) public intoxication;
             71          (e) challenging, encouraging, or engaging in fighting;
             72          (f) using obscene or profane language in a place or under circumstances which could
             73      cause a breach of the peace or good order of the city;
             74          (g) engaging in indecent or disorderly conduct;
             75          (h) engaging in lewd or lascivious behavior or conduct in the city; and
             76          (i) interfering with any city officer in the discharge of his duty.
             77          (2) Boards of commissioners and city councils of cities may provide for the
             78      punishment of trespass and such other petty offenses as the board of commissioners or city
             79      council may consider proper.
             80          (3) (a) A woman's breast feeding, including breast feeding in any location where she
             81      otherwise may rightfully be, does not under any circumstance constitute a lewd or indecent act,
             82      irrespective of whether or not the breast is covered during or incidental to feeding.
             83          (b) Boards of commissioners and city councils of cities may not prohibit a woman's
             84      breast feeding in any location where she otherwise may rightfully be, irrespective of whether
             85      the breast is uncovered during or incidental to the breast feeding.
             86          Section 3. Section 76-9-102 is amended to read:
             87           76-9-102. Disorderly conduct.


             88          (1) A person is guilty of disorderly conduct if:
             89          (a) [he] the person refuses to comply with the lawful order of the police to move from a
             90      public place, or knowingly creates a hazardous or physically offensive condition, by any act
             91      which serves no legitimate purpose; or
             92          (b) intending to cause public inconvenience, annoyance, or alarm, or recklessly creating
             93      a risk thereof, [he] the person:
             94          (i) displays a dangerous weapon in a public place under circumstances which would
             95      cause a reasonable person to fear for the safety of any person;
             96          [(i)] (ii) engages in fighting or in violent, tumultuous, or threatening behavior;
             97          [(ii)] (iii) makes unreasonable noises in a public place;
             98          [(iii)] (iv) makes unreasonable noises in a private place which can be heard in a public
             99      place; or
             100          [(iv)] (v) obstructs vehicular or pedestrian traffic.
             101          (2) "Public place," for the purpose of this section, means any place to which the public
             102      or a substantial group of the public has access and includes [but is not limited] to streets,
             103      highways, and the common areas of schools, hospitals, apartment houses, office buildings,
             104      transport facilities, and shops.
             105          (3) The otherwise lawful possession of a firearm or other dangerous weapon, whether
             106      visible or concealed, without additional behavior, does not constitute a hazardous or physically
             107      offensive condition, threatening behavior, or a cause for public inconvenience, annoyance, or
             108      alarm under Subsection (1).
             109          (4) Nothing in this Section prohibits or limits a law enforcement officer's ability to
             110      engage in a voluntary encounter with an individual.
             111          [(3)] (5) Disorderly conduct is a class C misdemeanor if the offense continues after a
             112      request by a person to desist. Otherwise it is an infraction.
             113          Section 4. Section 76-10-532 is enacted to read:
             114          76-10-532. Possession of firearms or other dangerous weapons as applied to
             115      interpreting general laws.
             116          (1) Except where explicit authority to regulate firearms or other dangerous weapons
             117      has been granted by the Legislature, a local authority, political subdivision, municipality, or any
             118      other state entity may not enact, maintain, or enforce a law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of


             119      conduct, or contractual obligation that limits or prevents the otherwise lawful possession of a
             120      firearm or other dangerous weapon, whether visible or concealed.
             121          (2) If explicit authority has been granted by the Legislature to a local authority,
             122      political subdivision, municipality, or other state entity to regulate firearms or other dangerous
             123      weapons, any law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of conduct, or contractual obligation based
             124      on that explicit grant of authority shall:
             125          (a) reference the statute that grants the authority to regulate the firearm or other
             126      dangerous weapon;
             127          (b) detail specifically the conduct involving a firearm or other dangerous weapon that
             128      is limited or prohibited; and
             129          (c) use the term firearm if the prohibition or limitation only involves a firearm.
             130          (3) A firearm or dangerous weapon law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of conduct,
             131      or contractual obligation enacted, made, adopted, or entered into by a local authority, political
             132      subdivision, municipality, or other state entity that does not meet the requirements of
             133      Subsection (2) is void.


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