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H.B. 192





Chief Sponsor: Brad R. Wilson

Senate Sponsor: ____________

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill clarifies that a property owner has no duty of care to keep the premises safe for
             10      entry or use by trespassers.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines "trespasser"; and
             14          .    clarifies that a property owner has no duty of care to keep the premises safe for
             15      entry or use by a trespasser.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          57-14-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 88
             23          57-14-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 62
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          Section 1. Section 57-14-2 is amended to read:
             27           57-14-2. Definitions.

             28          As used in this chapter:
             29          [(4)] (1) "Charge" means the admission price or fee asked in return for permission to
             30      enter or go upon the land.
             31          [(1)] (2) (a) "Land" means any land within the territorial limits of Utah.
             32          (b) "Land" includes roads, railway corridors, water, water courses, private ways and
             33      buildings, structures, and machinery or equipment when attached to the realty.
             34          [(2)] (3) "Owner" includes the possessor of any interest in the land, whether public or
             35      private land, a tenant, a lessor, a lessee, and an occupant or person in control of the premises.
             36          [(5)] (4) "Person" includes any person, regardless of age, maturity, or experience, who
             37      enters upon or uses land for recreational purposes.
             38          [(3)] (5) "Recreational purpose" includes[, but is not limited to,] any of the following
             39      or any combination [thereof]:
             40          (a) hunting;
             41          (b) fishing;
             42          (c) swimming;
             43          (d) skiing;
             44          (e) snowshoeing;
             45          (f) camping;
             46          (g) picnicking;
             47          (h) hiking;
             48          (i) studying nature;
             49          (j) waterskiing;
             50          (k) engaging in water sports;
             51          (l) engaging in equestrian activities;
             52          (m) using boats;
             53          (n) mountain biking;
             54          (o) riding narrow gauge rail cars on a narrow gauge track that does not exceed 24 inch
             55      gauge;
             56          (p) using off-highway vehicles or recreational vehicles; and
             57          (q) viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic, or scientific sites.
             58          (6) "Trespasser" means a person who enters on the property of another without express

             59      or implied permission and without invitation.
             60          Section 2. Section 57-14-3 is amended to read:
             61           57-14-3. Owner owes no duty of care or duty to give warning -- Exceptions.
             62          Except as provided in Subsections 57-14-6 (1) and (2), an owner of land owes no duty
             63      of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by a trespasser, or any person entering or
             64      using the premises for any recreational purpose or to give any warning of a dangerous
             65      condition, use, structure, or activity on those premises to that person or a trespasser.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-3-12 7:08 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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