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First Substitute H.B. 510
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Indigent Defense Act.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . defines "defense service provider", "legal defense", and "regional legal defense";
13 . allows a person charged with a serious offense to file a claim of indigency with the
15 . requires a defense service provider to provide all legal defense services as a
17 . provides procedures for the court to follow when a defendant hires private counsel;
19 . extends subsequent terms of county commissioners and county attorneys who serve
20 on the Indigent Defense Fund Board to be four years rather than two years.
21 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
23 Other Special Clauses:
25 Utah Code Sections Affected:
27 77-32-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 108
28 77-32-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 108
29 77-32-301, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 354
30 77-32-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 49
31 77-32-303, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
32 77-32-304, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 354
33 77-32-304.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 49
34 77-32-305.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 307
35 77-32-306, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 49
36 77-32-307, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 354
37 77-32-401, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 286
39 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
40 Section 1. Section 77-32-201 is amended to read:
41 77-32-201. Definitions.
42 For the purposes of this chapter:
43 (1) "Board" means the Indigent Defense Funds Board created in Section 77-32-401 .
44 (2) "Compelling reason" shall include one or more of the following circumstances
45 relating to the contracting attorney:
46 (a) a conflict of interest;
47 (b) the contracting attorney does not have sufficient expertise to provide an effective
48 defense of the indigent; or
49 (c) the legal defense [
51 (3) "Defense resources" means a competent investigator, expert witness, scientific or
52 medical testing, or other appropriate means necessary, for an effective defense of an indigent,
53 but does not include legal counsel.
54 (4) "Defense services provider" means a legal aid association, legal defender's office,
55 regional legal defense association, law firm, attorney, or attorneys contracting with a county or
56 municipality to provide legal defense and includes any combination of counties or
57 municipalities to provide regional legal defense.
59 established in Part 3, Counsel for Indigents.
61 provides [
63 created and authorized by the county legislative body to provide legal representation in
64 criminal matters to indigent defendants.
66 (a) provide defense counsel for each indigent who faces the substantial probability of
67 the deprivation of the indigent's liberty;
68 (b) afford timely representation by defense counsel;
69 (c) provide the defense resources necessary for a complete defense;
70 (d) assure undivided loyalty of defense counsel to the client;
71 (e) provide a first appeal of right; and
72 (f) prosecute other remedies before or after a conviction, considered by defense counsel
73 to be in the interest of justice except for other and subsequent discretionary appeals or
74 discretionary writ proceedings.
76 of this chapter for participation in the Indigent Capital Defense Trust Fund as provided in
77 Sections 77-32-602 and 77-32-603 or the Indigent Felony Defense Trust Fund as provided in
78 Sections 77-32-702 and 77-32-703 .
79 (10) "Regional legal defense" means a defense services provider which provides legal
80 defense to any combination of counties or municipalities through an interlocal cooperation
81 agreement pursuant to Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, and Subsection
82 77-32-306 (3).
84 Section 2. Section 77-32-202 is amended to read:
85 77-32-202. Procedure for determination of indigency -- Standards.
86 (1) A determination of indigency or continuing indigency of any defendant may be
87 made by the court at any stage of the proceedings.
88 (2) (a) Any defendant claiming indigency who is charged with a crime the penalty of
89 which is a class A misdemeanor or [
90 complete affidavit verified by a notary or other person authorized by law to administer an oath
91 and file a copy of that affidavit with the prosecuting entity. The affidavit shall contain the
92 factual information required in this section and by the court.
93 (b) A defendant claiming indigency who is charged with a crime the penalty of which
94 is less than a class A misdemeanor is not required to comply with the requirements of
95 Subsection (2)(a) and Subsection (4).
96 (3) (a) "Indigency" means that a person:
97 (i) does not have sufficient income, assets, credit, or other means to provide for the
98 payment of legal counsel and all other necessary expenses of representation without depriving
99 that person or the family of that person of food, shelter, clothing, and other necessities; or
100 (ii) has an income level at or below 150% of the United States poverty level as defined
101 by the most recently revised poverty income guidelines published by the United States
102 Department of Health and Human Services; and
103 (iii) has not transferred or otherwise disposed of any assets since the commission of the
104 offense with the intent of establishing eligibility for the appointment of counsel under this
106 (b) In making a determination of indigency, the court shall consider:
107 (i) the probable expense and burden of defending the case;
108 (ii) the ownership of, or any interest in, any tangible or intangible personal property or
109 real property, or reasonable expectancy of any such interest;
110 (iii) the amounts of debts owned by the defendant or that might reasonably be incurred
111 by the defendant because of illness or other needs within the defendant's family;
112 (iv) number, ages, and relationships of any dependents;
113 (v) the reasonableness of fees and expenses charged to the defendant by the defendant's
114 attorney and the scope of representation undertaken where the defendant is represented by
115 privately retained defense counsel; and
116 (vi) other factors considered relevant by the court.
117 (4) (a) Upon making a finding of indigence, the court shall enter the findings on the
118 record and enter an order assigning a defense [
119 defendant in the case.
120 (b) Upon finding indigence when the defendant has privately retained counsel, the
121 court, subject to Section 77-32-303 , shall enter the findings into the record and issue an order
122 directing the county or municipality to coordinate the providing of defense resources as
124 (c) The clerk of the court shall send a copy of the affidavit and order to the prosecutor
125 and to the county clerk or municipal recorder.
126 (5) If the county or municipality providing the defense [
127 any objections to or concerns with the finding of indigency and assignment of a defense
130 scheduled to review the findings and give the county or municipality the opportunity to present
131 evidence and arguments as to the reasons the finding of indigency should be reversed and the
132 court shall proceed as provided in Subsection 77-32-302 (4).
133 (6) (a) If the trial court finds within one year after the determination of indigency that
134 any defendant was erroneously or improperly determined to be indigent, the county or
135 municipality may proceed against that defendant for the reasonable value of the services
136 rendered to the defendant, including all costs paid by the county or municipality in providing
137 the legal defense [
138 (b) Subsection (6)(a) does not affect any restitution required of the defendant by the
139 court pursuant to [
140 (c) A defendant claiming indigency has a continuing duty to inform the court of any
141 material changes or change in circumstances that may affect the determination of his eligibility
142 for indigency.
143 (d) Any person who intentionally or knowingly makes a material false statement or
144 omits a material fact in an affidavit for indigency is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
145 Section 3. Section 77-32-301 is amended to read:
146 77-32-301. Minimum standards for defense of an indigent.
147 (1) Each county, city, and town shall provide for the legal defense of an indigent in
148 criminal cases in the courts and various administrative bodies of the state in accordance with
159 (2) (a) A county or municipality which contracts with a defense services provider shall
160 provide that all legal defense elements be included as a single package of legal defense services
161 made available to indigents, except as provided in Sections 77-32-302 and 77-32-303 .
162 (b) When needed to avoid a conflict of interest between:
163 (i) trial counsel and counsel on appeal, a defense services provider contract shall also
164 provide for separate trial and appellate counsel; and
165 (ii) counsel for co-defendants, a defense services provider contract shall also provide
166 for separate trial counsel.
167 (c) If a county or municipality contracts to provide all legal defense elements as a
168 single package, a defendant may not receive funding for defense resources unless represented
169 by publicly funded counsel or as provided in Subsection 77-32-303 (2).
170 Section 4. Section 77-32-302 is amended to read:
171 77-32-302. Assignment of counsel on request of indigent or order of court.
172 (1) [
173 indigent and [
175 charged with a crime in which there is a substantial probability that the penalty to be imposed
176 is confinement in either jail or prison if:
177 (a) the indigent requests [
178 (b) the court on its own motion or otherwise orders [
180 record the opportunity to be [
181 (2) (a) If a county responsible for providing indigent legal defense[
183 received notice of the establishment of the office, the court shall assign to the county legal
184 defender's office the responsibility to defend indigent defendants within the county and provide
185 defense resources.
186 (b) If the county or municipality responsible to provide for the legal defense of an
188 services through a [
189 notice or a copy of the contract, the court shall assign the [
190 services provider named in the contract to [
199 contract exists, the court shall select and assign [
205 existence of [
206 notice of the contract, before the court may make the assignment, it shall:
207 (i) set the matter for a hearing;
208 (ii) give proper notice of the hearing to the attorney of the responsible county or
209 municipality and county clerk or municipal recorder; and
210 (iii) make findings that there is a compelling reason to appoint a noncontracting
211 attorney [
213 considered a compelling reason justifying the appointment of a noncontracting [
214 defense [
215 (3) The court may make a determination of indigency at any time.
216 Section 5. Section 77-32-303 is amended to read:
217 77-32-303. Standard for court to appoint noncontracting attorney or order the
218 provision of defense resources -- Hearing.
219 (1) If a county or municipality has contracted [
221 otherwise provided for a defense services provider, the court may not appoint a noncontracting
222 attorney [
223 Criminal Procedure, unless the court:
225 or municipal recorder, with a copy of the notice provided to the prosecutor, to consider the
226 authorization or designation of a noncontract attorney [
228 noncontracting attorney [
229 (2) Except as provided in Subsection (3), if a county or municipality has contracted or
230 otherwise provided for a defense services provider, the court may not order under this part,
231 Section 78B-1-151 , or Rule 15, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure, and the county or
232 municipality may not provide defense resources for a defendant who has retained private
234 (3) The court may order, and the county or municipality may provide, defense
235 resources to a defendant represented by private counsel only if:
236 (a) the court conducts a hearing with proper notice to the county clerk or municipal
237 recorder, with a copy of the notice provided to the prosecutor;
238 (b) the court conducts an in camera review of the defense contract, a full accounting of
239 the defense retainer, anticipated costs of defense resources and other relevant defense records
240 and finds by clear and convincing evidence all of the following:
241 (i) the defendant would be prejudiced by the substitution of a contracted defense
242 services provider and any prejudice cannot be remedied by a continuance or other alternative
244 (ii) at the time of retention of private counsel, the defendant and attorney entered into a
245 written contract which provided that the defendant had the means to pay for fees and defense
247 (iii) there has been an unforseen change in circumstances which requires defense
248 resources beyond the defendant's ability to pay; and
249 (iv) all of the above representations are made in good faith and are not calculated to
250 allow the defendant or defense attorney to avoid the requirements of this section.
251 (4) The court may not order the defense services provider to act as co-counsel with a
252 privately retained legal counsel as a means of circumventing the requirements of this section.
253 Section 6. Section 77-32-304 is amended to read:
254 77-32-304. Duties of assigned counsel -- Compensation.
255 (1) When representing an indigent, the assigned counsel shall:
256 (a) counsel and defend the indigent at every stage of the proceeding following
257 assignment; and
258 (b) file any first appeal of right or other remedy before or after conviction that the
259 assigned counsel considers to be in the interest of justice, except for other and subsequent
260 discretionary appeals or discretionary writ proceedings.
261 (2) An assigned counsel may not [
262 represent an indigent in any discretionary appeal or action for a discretionary writ, other than in
263 a meaningful first appeal of right to assure the indigent an adequate opportunity to present the
264 indigent's claims fairly in the context of the appellate process of this state.
265 (3) An assigned counsel for an indigent shall be entitled to compensation upon:
266 (a) approval of the district court where the original trial was held;
267 (b) a showing that:
268 (i) the indigent has been denied a constitutional right; or
269 (ii) there was newly discovered evidence that would show the indigent's innocence; and
270 (c) a clear showing that the legal services rendered by counsel were:
271 (i) other than that required under this chapter or under a separate fee arrangement; and
272 (ii) necessary for the adequate defense of the indigent and not for the purpose of
273 delaying the judgment of the original trier of fact.
274 Section 7. Section 77-32-304.5 is amended to read:
275 77-32-304.5. Reasonable compensation for defense counsel for indigents.
276 (1) This section does not apply to any attorney[
277 provider or otherwise under contract with the county or municipality for defense of an indigent
282 (2) (a) The county or municipality shall pay reasonable compensation to any attorney
283 assigned by the court under Subsection 77-32-306 at the conclusion of the representation or any
284 segment of the representation, as provided in Subsections (2)(b), (c), (d), and (e):
285 (i) before the district or justice courts, including interlocutory appeals; and
286 (ii) before the appellate court on a first appeal of right.
287 (b) The legislative body of each county and municipality shall establish and annually
288 review guidelines for the rate of compensation, taking into account:
289 (i) the nature and complexity of the case;
290 (ii) the competency and years of experience in criminal defense of the assigned
292 (iii) the adjusted net hourly rate incurred by the county or municipality for a prosecutor
293 or public defender of equivalent experience and competency; and
294 (iv) the prevailing rates within the judicial district for comparable services.
295 (c) If the legislative body of a county or municipality does not establish the rate
296 guidelines, the rate of compensation shall be determined by the trial judge or a judge other than
297 the trial judge if requested by:
298 (i) the assigned attorney; or
299 (ii) the county or municipality.
300 (d) If the assigned attorney disagrees with the amount of compensation paid or
301 contemplated for payment by the county or municipality, the assigned attorney shall
302 nonetheless continue to represent the indigent defendant and may file a claim against:
303 (i) the county pursuant to Section 17-50-401 , in which event the period for a denial by
304 the county shall be 20 days; or
305 (ii) the municipality pursuant to Title 10, Chapter 6, Uniform Fiscal Procedures Act for
306 Utah Cities.
307 (e) In determining the reasonable compensation to be paid to defense counsel under
308 Subsections (2)(c) and (d), the court shall consider the factors contained in Subsections
309 (2)(b)(i) through (iv).
310 (f) The total compensation in a noncapital case may not, without prior court approval
311 following a hearing, exceed:
312 (i) $3,500 for each assigned attorney in a case in which one or more felonies is
314 (ii) $1,000 for each assigned attorney in a case in which only misdemeanors or lesser
315 offenses are charged; or
316 (iii) $2,500 for each assigned attorney in the representation of an indigent in an
317 appellate court on a first appeal of right.
318 Section 8. Section 77-32-305.5 is amended to read:
319 77-32-305.5. Reimbursement of extraordinary expense.
320 (1) For the purposes of this section, an "extraordinary expense" means the collective
321 expense which exceeds $500 for defense resources or any particular service or item such as
322 experts, investigators, surveys, or demonstrative evidence.
323 (2) The county or municipality shall reimburse expenses, exclusive of overhead and
324 extraordinary expense not approved by the court in accordance with this chapter, reasonably
325 incurred by assigned attorneys for indigent defendants through a contracted defense services
326 provider or if so ordered by the court based on a hearing held in accordance with Subsections
327 77-32-303 (2) and (3), or for an appointed counsel under Section 77-32-304.5 .
328 (3) The assigned attorney shall file a motion with the court for approval of the
329 proposed expenditure for any extraordinary expense before the expense is incurred. The
330 motion shall be heard and ruled upon by a judge other than the trial judge if so requested by
331 either party or upon the motion of the trial judge.
332 Section 9. Section 77-32-306 is amended to read:
333 77-32-306. County or municipal legislative body to provide legal defense.
334 (1) The county or municipal legislative body shall either:
335 (a) contract [
339 (b) authorize the court to provide the services prescribed by this chapter by assigning a
340 qualified attorney in each case.
341 (2) A county may create a county legal defender's office to provide for the legal
343 (3) A county legal defender's office may, through the county legislative body contract
344 with other counties and municipalities within a judicial district to provide the legal services as
346 (4) Counties and municipalities are encouraged to enter into interlocal cooperation
347 agreements pursuant to Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, for the provision of
348 legal defense, including multiple counties and municipalities contracting with either a private
349 defense services provider or with a legal defender's office. An interlocal agreement may
350 provide for:
351 (a) the creation of or contract with a private defense services provider, as defined in
352 Subsection 77-32-201 (4);
353 (b) multiple counties or municipalities to contract with a county legal defender's office,
354 as defined in 77-32-201 (7); or
355 (c) the creation of an interlocal entity under the provisions of Section 11-13-203 .
357 county has created a legal defender's office as provided under Subsection (2) to provide the
358 legal [
361 provided, unless the court finds a compelling reason for the appointment of noncontracting
362 attorneys and defense resources, under the provisions of Section 77-32-302 or 77-32-303 , in
363 which case the judge shall state the compelling reason and the findings of the hearing held
364 under Subsections 77-32-303 (2) and (3) on the record.
365 (6) A county or municipality may, by ordinance, provide for some other means which
366 are constitutionally adequate for legal defense of indigents.
367 Section 10. Section 77-32-307 is amended to read:
368 77-32-307. Expenditures of county or municipal funds declared proper -- Tax
369 levy authorized.
370 (1) An expenditure by any county or [
371 use of public funds if the expenditure is necessary to carry out the purposes defined in this
373 (2) A donation to a nonprofit legal aid or other association charged with the duty to
374 provide the services is a proper use of public funds.
375 (3) Any county or [
376 collect taxes to meet the requirements of this chapter.
377 Section 11. Section 77-32-401 is amended to read:
378 77-32-401. Indigent Defense Funds Board -- Members -- Administrative support.
379 (1) There is created within the Division of Finance the Indigent Defense Funds Board
380 composed of the following nine members:
381 (a) two members who are current commissioners or county executives of participating
382 counties appointed by the board of directors of the Utah Association of Counties;
383 (b) one member at large appointed by the board of directors of the Utah Association of
385 (c) two members who are current county attorneys of participating counties appointed
386 by the Utah Prosecution Council;
387 (d) the director of the Division of Finance or his designee;
388 (e) one member appointed by the Administrative Office of the Courts; and
389 (f) two members who are private attorneys engaged in or familiar with the criminal
390 defense practice appointed by the members of the board listed in Subsections (1)(a) through
392 (2) Members shall serve four-year terms[
394 two-year terms, and the remaining other members of the initial board shall be appointed for
395 four-year terms. After the initial two-year terms of the county commissioner and county
396 attorney, those board positions shall have four-year terms.
397 (3) A vacancy is created if a member appointed under:
398 (a) Subsection (1)(a) no longer serves as a county commissioner or county executive;
400 (b) Subsection (1)(c) no longer serves as a county attorney.
401 (4) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, a replacement shall be
402 appointed for the remaining unexpired term in the same manner as the original appointment.
403 (5) The board may contract for administrative support for up to $15,000 annually to be
404 paid proportionally from each fund.
405 (6) A member may not receive compensation or benefits for the member's service, but
406 may receive per diem and travel expenses in accordance with:
407 (a) Section 63A-3-106 ;
408 (b) Section 63A-3-107 ; and
409 (c) rules made by the Division of Finance pursuant to Sections 63A-3-106 and
410 63A-3-107 .
411 (7) Per diem and expenses for board members shall be paid proportionally from each
413 (8) Five members shall constitute a quorum and, if a quorum is present, the action of a
414 majority of the members present shall constitute the action of the board.
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