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First Substitute H.B. 49

Representative Paul Ray proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
FIREARMS REVISIONS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Paul Ray

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill deals with provisions related to the possession of a firearm or dangerous
             10      weapon.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides that in the absence of additional threatening behavior, the otherwise lawful
             14      possession of a firearm or dangerous weapon, whether visible or concealed, may not
             15      be considered a violation of certain municipal ordinances;
             16          .    provides that governmental entities may not enact, maintain, or enforce firearm or
             17      dangerous weapon laws, ordinances, rules, or regulations without explicit authority
             18      granted by the Legislature;
             19          .    provides that where authority has been granted to a governmental entity by the
             20      Legislature to regulate firearms or other dangerous weapons, any law, ordinance,
             21      rule, regulation, code of conduct, or contractual obligation based on that grant shall
             22      reference the grant and detail the conduct that is limited or prohibited pursuant to
             23      the grant; and
             24          .    voids any firearm or dangerous weapon law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of
             25      conduct, or contractual obligation that does not reference the applicable legislative


             26      grant of authority and detail the conduct that is limited or prohibited pursuant to the grant.
             27      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             28          None
             29      Other Special Clauses:
             30          None
             31      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             32      AMENDS:
             33          10-8-47, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1981, Chapter 50
             34          10-8-50, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1995, Chapter 131
             35          76-9-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 20
             36      ENACTS:
             37          76-10-532, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38     
             39      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             40          Section 1. Section 10-8-47 is amended to read:
             41           10-8-47. Intoxication -- Fights -- Disorderly conduct -- Assault and battery -- Petit
             42      larceny -- Riots and disorderly assemblies -- Firearms and fireworks -- False pretenses
             43      and embezzlement -- Sale of liquor, narcotics or tobacco to minors -- Possession of
             44      controlled substances -- Treatment of alcoholics and narcotics or drug addicts.
             45          [They] (1) Except as provided in Section 76-10-532 , the municipal legislative body
             46      may:
             47          (a) prevent intoxication, fighting, quarreling, dog fights, cockfights, prize fights,
             48      bullfights, and all disorderly conduct and provide against and punish the offenses of assault and
             49      battery and petit larceny; [they may]
             50          (b) restrain riots, routs, noises, disturbances or disorderly assemblies in any street,
             51      house or place in the city; [they may]
             52          (c) regulate and prevent the discharge of firearms, rockets, powder, fireworks or any
             53      other dangerous or combustible material; [they may]
             54          (d) provide against and prevent the offense of obtaining money or property under false
             55      pretenses and the offense of embezzling money or property in all cases where the money or
             56      property embezzled or obtained under false pretenses does not exceed in value the sum of


             57      $100; and [may]
             58          (e) prohibit the sale, giving away or furnishing of intoxicating liquors or narcotics, or
             59      of tobacco to any person under 21 years of age[; cities].
             60          (2) Cities may, by ordinance[,]:
             61          (a) prohibit the possession of controlled substances as defined in [the] Title 58, Chapter
             62      37, Utah Controlled Substances Act, provided the conduct is not a class A misdemeanor or
             63      felony[,]; and
             64          (b) provide for treatment of alcoholics, narcotic addicts and other persons who are
             65      addicted to the use of drugs or intoxicants such that they substantially lack the capacity to
             66      control their use of the drugs or intoxicants, and judicial supervision may be imposed as a
             67      means of effecting their rehabilitation.
             68          Section 2. Section 10-8-50 is amended to read:
             69           10-8-50. Disturbing the peace -- Public intoxication -- Fighting -- Obscene
             70      language -- Disorderly conduct -- Lewd behavior -- Interference with officers -- Trespass.
             71          (1) [Boards] Except as provided in Section 76-10-532 , boards of commissioners and
             72      city councils of cities may provide for the punishment of any person or persons for:
             73          (a) disturbing the peace or good order of the city;
             74          (b) disturbing the peace of any person or persons;
             75          (c) disturbing any lawful assembly;
             76          (d) public intoxication;
             77          (e) challenging, encouraging, or engaging in fighting;
             78          (f) using obscene or profane language in a place or under circumstances which could
             79      cause a breach of the peace or good order of the city;
             80          (g) engaging in indecent or disorderly conduct;
             81          (h) engaging in lewd or lascivious behavior or conduct in the city; and
             82          (i) interfering with any city officer in the discharge of his duty.
             83          (2) Boards of commissioners and city councils of cities may provide for the
             84      punishment of trespass and such other petty offenses as the board of commissioners or city
             85      council may consider proper.
             86          (3) (a) A woman's breast feeding, including breast feeding in any location where she
             87      otherwise may rightfully be, does not under any circumstance constitute a lewd or indecent act,


             88      irrespective of whether or not the breast is covered during or incidental to feeding.
             89          (b) Boards of commissioners and city councils of cities may not prohibit a woman's
             90      breast feeding in any location where she otherwise may rightfully be, irrespective of whether
             91      the breast is uncovered during or incidental to the breast feeding.
             92          Section 3. Section 76-9-102 is amended to read:
             93           76-9-102. Disorderly conduct.
             94          (1) A person is guilty of disorderly conduct if:
             95          (a) he refuses to comply with the lawful order of the police to move from a public
             96      place, or knowingly creates a hazardous or physically offensive condition, by any act which
             97      serves no legitimate purpose; or
             98          (b) intending to cause public inconvenience, annoyance, or alarm, or recklessly creating
             99      a risk thereof, he:
             100          (i) engages in fighting or in violent, tumultuous, or threatening behavior;
             101          (ii) makes unreasonable noises in a public place;
             102          (iii) makes unreasonable noises in a private place which can be heard in a public place;
             103      or
             104          (iv) obstructs vehicular or pedestrian traffic.
             105          (2) "Public place," for the purpose of this section, means any place to which the public
             106      or a substantial group of the public has access and includes but is not limited to streets,
             107      highways, and the common areas of schools, hospitals, apartment houses, office buildings,
             108      transport facilities, and shops.
             109          (3) The otherwise lawful possession of a firearm or other dangerous weapon, whether
             110      visible or concealed, without additional behavior, does not constitute a hazardous or physically
             111      offensive condition or threatening behavior under Subsection (1).
             112          [(3)] (4) Disorderly conduct is a class C misdemeanor if the offense continues after a
             113      request by a person to desist. Otherwise it is an infraction.
             114          Section 4. Section 76-10-532 is enacted to read:
             115          76-10-532. Possession of firearms or other dangerous weapons as applied to
             116      interpreting general laws.
             117          (1) Except where explicit authority to regulate firearms or other dangerous weapons
             118      has been granted by the Legislature, a local authority, political subdivision, municipality, or any


             119      other state entity may not enact, maintain, or enforce a law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of
             120      conduct, or contractual obligation that limits or prevents the otherwise lawful possession of a
             121      firearm or other dangerous weapon, whether visible or concealed.
             122          (2) If explicit authority has been granted by the Legislature to a local authority,
             123      political subdivision, municipality, or other state entity to regulate firearms or other dangerous
             124      weapons, any law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of conduct, or contractual obligation based
             125      on that explicit grant of authority shall:
             126          (a) reference the statute that grants the authority to regulate the firearm or other
             127      dangerous weapon;
             128          (b) detail specifically the conduct involving a firearm or other dangerous weapon that
             129      is limited or prohibited; and
             130          (c) use the term firearm if the prohibition or limitation only involves a firearm.
             131          (3) A firearm or dangerous weapon law, ordinance, rule, regulation, code of conduct,
             132      or contractual obligation enacted, made, adopted, or entered into by a local authority, political
             133      subdivision, municipality, or other state entity that does not meet the requirements of
             134      Subsection (2) is void.


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