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H.B. 159

             1     

UNLAWFUL DETENTION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Ryan D. Wilcox

             5     
Senate Sponsor: ____________

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Criminal Code regarding the offense of unlawful detention.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    creates the offense of unlawful detention of a minor when a person 18 years of age
             13      or older causes a minor who is 14 or 15 years of age to stay with the person without
             14      the consent of the minor's parent or guardian, and in a situation that is not the
             15      offense of kidnapping.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          31A-21-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 320
             23          76-5-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 339
             24          76-5-304, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 301
             25          76-5-306, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 301
             26          77-36-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 113 and 320
             27     


             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 31A-21-501 is amended to read:
             30           31A-21-501. Definitions.
             31          For purposes of this part:
             32          (1) "Applicant" means:
             33          (a) in the case of an individual life or accident and health policy, the person who seeks
             34      to contract for insurance benefits; or
             35          (b) in the case of a group life or accident and health policy, the proposed certificate
             36      holder.
             37          (2) "Cohabitant" means an emancipated individual pursuant to Section 15-2-1 or an
             38      individual who is 16 years of age or older who:
             39          (a) is or was a spouse of the other party;
             40          (b) is or was living as if a spouse of the other party;
             41          (c) is related by blood or marriage to the other party;
             42          (d) has one or more children in common with the other party; or
             43          (e) resides or has resided in the same residence as the other party.
             44          (3) "Child abuse" means the commission or attempt to commit against a child a
             45      criminal offense described in:
             46          (a) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 1, Assault and Related Offenses;
             47          (b) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             48          (c) Subsections 76-9-702 (1) through (4), Lewdness - Sexual battery; or
             49          (d) Section 76-9-702.5 , Lewdness Involving a Child.
             50          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             51      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             52      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             53      cohabitant against another and includes commission or attempt to commit, any of the following
             54      offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             55          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             56          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             57          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
             58          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;


             59          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             60          (f) kidnaping, child kidnaping, or aggravated kidnaping, as described in Sections
             61      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             62          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             63          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, and Section 76-5b-201 ;
             64          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             65          (j) unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor, as described in Section
             66      76-5-304 ;
             67          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             68      76-5-108 ;
             69          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, [2, or 3]
             70      Property Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             71          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             72      76-10-507 ; or
             73          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             74      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 .
             75          (5) "Subject of domestic abuse" means an individual who is, has been, may currently
             76      be, or may have been subject to domestic violence or child abuse.
             77          Section 2. Section 76-5-302 is amended to read:
             78           76-5-302. Aggravated kidnapping.
             79          (1) An actor commits aggravated kidnapping if the actor, in the course of committing
             80      unlawful detention, unlawful detention of a minor, or kidnapping:
             81          (a) possesses, uses, or threatens to use a dangerous weapon as defined in Section
             82      76-1-601 ; or
             83          (b) acts with intent:
             84          (i) to hold the victim for ransom or reward, or as a shield or hostage, or to compel a
             85      third person to engage in particular conduct or to forbear from engaging in particular conduct;
             86          (ii) to facilitate the commission, attempted commission, or flight after commission or
             87      attempted commission of a felony;
             88          (iii) to hinder or delay the discovery of or reporting of a felony;
             89          (iv) to inflict bodily injury on or to terrorize the victim or another;


             90          (v) to interfere with the performance of any governmental or political function; or
             91          (vi) to commit a sexual offense as described in [Title 76, Chapter 5,] Part 4, Sexual
             92      Offenses.
             93          (2) As used in this section, "in the course of committing unlawful detention, unlawful
             94      detention of a minor, or kidnapping" means in the course of committing, attempting to commit,
             95      or in the immediate flight after the attempt or commission of a violation of:
             96          (a) Section 76-5-301 , kidnapping; or
             97          (b) Section 76-5-304 , unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor.
             98          (3) Aggravated kidnapping is a first degree felony punishable by a term of
             99      imprisonment of:
             100          (a) except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), (3)(c), or (4), not less than 15 years and
             101      which may be for life;
             102          (b) except as provided in Subsection (3)(c) or (4), life without parole, if the trier of fact
             103      finds that during the course of the commission of the aggravated kidnapping the defendant
             104      caused serious bodily injury to another; or
             105          (c) life without parole, if the trier of fact finds that at the time of the commission of the
             106      aggravated kidnapping, the defendant was previously convicted of a grievous sexual offense.
             107          (4) If, when imposing a sentence under Subsection (3)(a) or (b), a court finds that a
             108      lesser term than the term described in Subsection (3)(a) or (b) is in the interests of justice and
             109      states the reasons for this finding on the record, the court may impose a term of imprisonment
             110      of not less than:
             111          (a) for purposes of Subsection (3)(b), 15 years and which may be for life; or
             112          (b) for purposes of Subsection (3)(a) or (b):
             113          (i) 10 years and which may be for life; or
             114          (ii) six years and which may be for life.
             115          (5) The provisions of Subsection (4) do not apply when a person is sentenced under
             116      Subsection (3)(c).
             117          (6) Imprisonment under this section is mandatory in accordance with Section 76-3-406 .
             118          Section 3. Section 76-5-304 is amended to read:
             119           76-5-304. Unlawful detention and unlawful detention of a minor.
             120          (1) An actor commits unlawful detention if the actor intentionally or knowingly,


             121      without authority of law, and against the will of the victim, detains or restrains the victim under
             122      circumstances not constituting a violation of:
             123          (a) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             124          (b) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; or
             125          (c) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 .
             126          (2) An actor commits unlawful detention of a minor if the actor intentionally or
             127      knowingly, without authority of law, and against the will of the victim, exerts influence over
             128      the victim that causes the victim to remain with the actor for a substantial period of time, and:
             129          (a) the act is under circumstances not constituting a violation of:
             130          (i) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             131          (ii) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; or
             132          (iii) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 ; and
             133          (b) the actor is 18 years of age or older.
             134          [(2)] (3) As used in this section, acting "against the will of the victim" includes acting
             135      without the consent of the legal guardian or custodian of a victim who is:
             136          (a) a mentally incompetent person[.]; or
             137          (b) a minor who is 14 or 15 years of age.
             138          [(3)] (4) Unlawful detention is a class B misdemeanor.
             139          Section 4. Section 76-5-306 is amended to read:
             140           76-5-306. Lesser included offenses.
             141          In this part, the following offenses are lesser included offenses of Section 76-5-302 ,
             142      aggravated kidnapping:
             143          (1) Section 76-5-301 , kidnapping; and
             144          (2) Section 76-5-304 , unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor.
             145          Section 5. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
             146           77-36-1. Definitions.
             147          As used in this chapter:
             148          (1) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as in Section 78B-7-102 .
             149          (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             150          (3) "Divorced" means an individual who has obtained a divorce under Title 30, Chapter
             151      3, Divorce.


             152          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             153      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             154      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             155      cohabitant against another. "Domestic violence" also means commission or attempt to commit,
             156      any of the following offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             157          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             158          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             159          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
             160          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             161          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             162          (f) kidnapping, child kidnapping, or aggravated kidnapping, as described in Sections
             163      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             164          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             165          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, and
             166      Section 76-5b-201 , Sexual Exploitation of a Minor;
             167          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             168          (j) unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor, as described in Section
             169      76-5-304 ;
             170          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             171      76-5-108 ;
             172          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
             173      Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             174          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             175      76-10-507 ;
             176          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             177      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 ;
             178          (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102 , if a conviction of disorderly
             179      conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with
             180      any of the domestic violence offenses otherwise described in this Subsection (4). Conviction
             181      of disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this
             182      Subsection (4)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18


             183      U.S.C. Section 921, and is exempt from the provisions of the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C.
             184      Section 921 et seq.; or
             185          (p) child abuse as described in Section 76-5-109.1 .
             186          (5) "Jail release agreement" means a written agreement:
             187          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             188      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             189          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection 77-36-2.5
             190      (2).
             191          (6) "Jail release court order" means a written court order:
             192          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             193      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             194          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection
             195      77-36-2.5 (2).
             196          (7) "Marital status" means married and living together, divorced, separated, or not
             197      married.
             198          (8) "Married and living together" means a man and a woman whose marriage was
             199      solemnized under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are living in the same residence.
             200          (9) "Not married" means any living arrangement other than married and living together,
             201      divorced, or separated.
             202          (10) "Pretrial protective order" means a written order:
             203          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person who has been charged with a domestic
             204      violence offense may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             205          (b) specifying other conditions of release pursuant to Subsection 77-36-2.5 (3)(c),
             206      Subsection 77-36-2.6 (3), or Section 77-36-2.7 , pending trial in the criminal case.
             207          (11) "Sentencing protective order" means a written order of the court as part of
             208      sentencing in a domestic violence case that limits the contact a person who has been convicted
             209      of a domestic violence offense may have with a victim or other specified individuals pursuant
             210      to Sections 77-36-5 and 77-36-5.1 .
             211          (12) "Separated" means a man and a woman who have had their marriage solemnized
             212      under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are not living in the same residence.
             213          (13) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.






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    as of 2-13-12 7:09 AM


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