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S.B. 200

This document includes Senate 2nd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Tue, Feb 28, 2012 at 4:36 PM by cmillar. -->              1     

JUSTICE COURT AMENDMENTS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

             5     
House Sponsor: Brian S. King

             6     

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the creation, procedures, and standards of Justice Courts.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    establishes and amends procedures to establish and expand the territorial
             13      jurisdiction of justice courts;
             14          .    amends and consolidates the minimum operating standards of justice courts;
             15          .    amends the Judicial Council's authority to establish rules and procedures concerning
             16      the creation and expansion of justice courts;
             17          .    provides for uniform fees of the justice courts;
             18          .    under certain circumstances, entitles a plea of "no contest" in a criminal justice
             19      court case to receive a trial de novo in the district court;
             20          .    authorizes cities and counties to alter the disposition of fines with interlocal
             21      agreements;
             22          .    requires every prospective justice court judge to attend an orientation program
             23      conducted under the direction of the Judicial Council before the justice court judge
             24      can be certified and qualified to hold office;
             25          .    authorizes the governing body of a justice court to create specialized judicial
             26      calendars and exempts judges who hear these calendars from being assigned cases
             27      at random;



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             28
         .    modifies the procedures and penalties for failure to comply with continuing
             29      education requirements;
             30          .    modifies the procedures and penalties for failure to comply with compensation
             31      limits, limits on secondary employment, and limits on holding elected or political
             32      offices and requires the Judicial Council to file a formal complaint for violations;
             33          .    amends the procedures to appoint a temporary justice court judge and prohibits a
             34      retired justice court judge from serving as a temporary justice court judge;
             35          .    modifies and establishes new standards for when and where a municipality and
             36      county may hold justice court and authorizes the Judicial Council to determine
             37      when and where justice courts my hold court; and
             38          .    makes technical corrections.
             39      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             40          None
             41      Other Special Clauses:
             42          None
             43      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             44      AMENDS:
             45          78A-7-101, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             46          78A-7-102, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             47          78A-7-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 208
             48          78A-7-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 34 and 47
             49          78A-7-118, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 215
             50          78A-7-120, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 22 and renumbered and
             51      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             52          78A-7-121, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             53          78A-7-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 93 and renumbered and
             54      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             55          78A-7-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Second Special Session, Chapter 3
             56          78A-7-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 146
             57          78A-7-204, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 208
             58          78A-7-205, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3



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             59
         78A-7-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 93 and renumbered and
             60      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             61          78A-7-208, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             62          78A-7-210, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             63          78A-7-213, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 93 and renumbered and
             64      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             65          78A-7-215, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             66          78A-8-101, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             67      ENACTS:
             68          78A-2-301.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69      REPEALS AND REENACTS:
             70          78A-7-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 238
             71      REPEALS:
             72          78A-7-104, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             73          78A-7-108, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             74          78A-7-109, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             75          78A-7-110, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             76          78A-7-111, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             77          78A-7-112, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             78          78A-7-113, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             79          78A-7-114, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             80          78A-7-115, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             81          78A-7-116, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             82          78A-7-117, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             83          78A-7-119, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             84          78A-7-209, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             85          78A-7-211, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             86          78A-7-214, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             87     

             88      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             89          Section 1. Section 78A-2-301.5 is enacted to read:



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             90
         78A-2-301.5. Civil fees for justice courts.
             91          (1) The fee for filing a small claims affidavit is:
             92          (a) $60 if the claim for damages or amount in interpleader exclusive of justice court
             93      costs, interest, and attorney fees is $2,000 or less;
             94          (b) $100 if the claim for damages or amount in interpleader exclusive of justice court
             95      costs, interest, and attorney fees is greater than $2,000, but less than $7,500; and
             96          (c) $185 if the claim for damages or amount in interpleader exclusive of justice court
             97      costs, interest, and attorney fees is $7,500 or more.
             98          (2) The fee for filing a small claims counter affidavit is:
             99          (a) $50 if the claim for relief exclusive of justice court costs, interest, and attorney fees
             100      is $2,000 or less;
             101          (b) $70 if the claim for relief exclusive of justice court costs, interest, and attorney fees
             102      is greater than $2,000, but less than $7,500; and
             103          (c) $120 if the claim for relief exclusive of justice court costs, interest, and attorney
             104      fees is $7,500 or more.
             105          (3) The fee for filing a petition for expungement is $135.
             106          (4) The fee for a petition to open a sealed record is $35.
             107          (5) The fee for a writ of replevin, attachment, execution, or garnishment is $50 in
             108      addition to any fee for a complaint or petition.
             109          (6) S. The fee for filing a notice of appeal to a court of record is $10. This fee covers
             109a      all services of the justice court on appeal but does not satisfy the trial de novo filing fee in the
             109b      court of record.
             109c          (7) .S The fee for a certified copy of a document is $4 per document plus 50 cents per
             110      page.
             111           S. [ (7) ] 8 .S The fee for an exemplified copy of a document is $6 per document plus 50
             111a      cents
             112      per page.
             113           S. [ (8) ] 9 .S The fee schedule adopted by the Judicial Council for copies of documents
             113a      and
             114      forms and for the search and retrieval of records under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government
             115      Records Access and Management Act, shall apply.
             116           S. [ (9) ] 10 .S There is no fee for services or the filing of documents not listed in this
             116a      section or
             117      otherwise provided by law.


            
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118
          S. [ (10) ] 11 .S The filing fees under this section may not be charged to the state, its
             118a      agencies, or
             119      political subdivisions filing or defending any action.
             120          Section 2. Section 78A-7-101 is amended to read:



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             121
          78A-7-101. Creation of justice court -- Not of record -- Classes of justice.
             122          (1) Under Article VIII, Section 1, Utah Constitution, there is created a court not of
             123      record known as the justice court. The judges of this court are justice court judges.
             124          (2) Justice courts shall be divided into the following classes:
             125          (a) Class I: 501 or more case filings per month;
             126          (b) Class II: 201-500 case filings per month;
             127          (c) Class III: 61-200 case filings per month; and
             128          (d) Class IV: 60 or fewer case filings per month.
             129          Section 3. Section 78A-7-102 is amended to read:
             130           78A-7-102. Establishment of justice courts.
             131          (1) (a) For the purposes of this section, to "create a justice court" means to:
             132          (i) establish a justice court; or
             133          (ii) establish a justice court under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act.
             134          [(b) A municipality or county that has created a justice court may change the form of
             135      its court to another listed in Subsection (1)(a) without being considered to have created a
             136      court.]
             137          [(2) Justice courts shall be divided into the following classes:]
             138          [(a) Class I: 501 or more citations or cases filed per month;]
             139          [(b) Class II: 201-500 citations or cases filed per month;]
             140          [(c) Class III: 61-200 citations or cases filed per month; and]
             141          [(d) Class IV: 60 or fewer citations or cases filed per month.]
             142          (b) For the purposes of this section, if more than one municipality or county is
             143      collectively proposing to create a justice court, the class of the justice court shall be determined
             144      by the total citations or cases filed within the territorial jurisdiction of the proposed justice
             145      court.
             146          [(3)] (2) Municipalities or counties [can elect to create a Class I or Class II] of the first
             147      or second class may create a justice court by filing a written declaration with the Judicial
             148      Council on or before July 1 at least two years prior to the effective date of the election. Upon
             149      demonstration of compliance with operating standards as established by statute and the Judicial
             150      Council, the Judicial Council shall certify the creation of the court pursuant to Section
             151      78A-7-103 .



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             152
         [(4)] (3) (a) [Except as provided in Subsection (5), municipalities or counties can elect
             153      to create a Class III or Class IV] Municipalities or counties of the third, fourth, or fifth class
             154      may create a justice court by [establishing] demonstrating the need for the court and filing a
             155      written declaration with the Judicial Council on or before July 1 at least one year prior to the
             156      effective date of the election.
             157          (b) A municipality or county establishing a justice court shall demonstrate to the
             158      Judicial Council that a justice court is needed. In evaluating the need for [the creation of a
             159      Class III or Class IV] a justice court, the Judicial Council shall consider factors of population,
             160      case filings, public convenience, availability of law enforcement agencies and court support
             161      services, proximity to other courts, and any special circumstances.
             162          [(c) The Judicial Council shall determine whether the municipality or county seeking to
             163      create a Class III or Class IV justice court has established the need for the court.]
             164          [(d)] (c) [Upon demonstration of compliance with operating standards as established by
             165      statute and the Judicial Council, the] The Judicial Council shall certify the [creation of the]
             166      establishment of a justice court pursuant to Section 78A-7-103 [.], if the council determines:
             167          (i) a need exists;
             168          (ii) the municipality or county has filed a timely application; and
             169          (iii) the proposed justice court will be in compliance with all of the operating standards
             170      established by statute and the Judicial Council.
             171          [(5) (a) The following municipalities may create a justice court by filing a written
             172      declaration with the Judicial Council: American Fork, Bountiful, Brigham City, Cedar City,
             173      Clearfield, Elk Ridge, Kaysville, Layton, Logan, Moab, Murray, Ogden, Orem, Park City,
             174      Price, Provo, Richfield, Roosevelt, Roy, Salem, Salt Lake City, Sandy, Spanish Fork, St.
             175      George, Taylorsville, Tooele, Vernal, and West Valley City.]
             176          [(b) To form a Class I or Class II justice court, the municipalities listed in Subsection
             177      (5)(a) shall file a written declaration with the Judicial Council on or before July 1 at least two
             178      years prior to the effective date of the election.]
             179          [(c) To form a Class III or Class IV justice court, the municipalities listed in Subsection
             180      (5)(a) shall file a written declaration with the Judicial Council on or before July 1 at least one
             181      year prior to the effective date of the election.]
             182          [(d) Upon demonstration of compliance with operating standards as established by



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             183
     statute and the Judicial Council, the Judicial Council shall certify the creation of the court
             184      pursuant to Section 78A-7-103 .]
             185          (4) (a) A municipality that has an established justice court may expand the territorial
             186      jurisdiction of its justice court by entering into an agreement pursuant to Title 11, Chapter 13,
             187      Interlocal Cooperation Act, with one or more other municipalities, or the county in which the
             188      municipality exists.
             189          (b) A justice court enlarged under this section may not be considered as establishing a
             190      new justice court. An expanded justice court shall demonstrate that it will be in compliance
             191      with all of the requirements of the operating standards as established by statute and the Judicial
             192      Council before the justice court expands.
             193          (c) A municipality or county seeking to expand the territorial jurisdiction of a justice
             194      court shall notify the Judicial Council:
             195          (i) no later than the notice period required in Section 78A-7-123 , when the expanded
             196      justice court is a result of the dissolution of one or more justice courts; or
             197          (ii) no later than 180 days before the expanded court seeks to begin operation when the
             198      expanded justice court is a result of other circumstances.
             199          (d) The Judicial Council shall certify the expansion of a justice court if it determines
             200      that the expanded justice court is in compliance with the operating standards established by
             201      statute and the Judicial Council.
             202          [(6)] (5) Upon request from a municipality or county seeking to create a justice court,
             203      the Judicial Council may shorten the time required between the city's or county's written
             204      declaration or election to create a justice court and the effective date of the election.
             205          [(7)] (6) The Judicial Council may by rule provide resources and procedures adequate
             206      for the timely disposition of all matters brought before the courts. The administrative office of
             207      the courts and local governments shall cooperate in allocating resources to operate the courts in
             208      the most efficient and effective manner based on the allocation of responsibility between courts
             209      of record and not of record.
             210          Section 4. Section 78A-7-103 is repealed and reenacted to read:
             211          78A-7-103. Minimum standards of justice courts -- Authority of Judicial Council
             212      over justice courts.
             213          (1) The Judicial Council shall ensure that:



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             214
         (a) procedures include requirements that every municipality or county that establishes
             215      or maintains a justice court provide for the following minimum operating standards:
             216          (i) a system to ensure the justice court records all proceedings with a digital audio
             217      recording device and maintains the audio recordings for a minimum of one year;
             218          (ii) sufficient S. [ public ] .S prosecutors to perform the prosecutorial duties before the
             218a      justice
             219      court S. [ and to attend to the other demands of the justice court ] .S ;
             220          (iii) adequate funding to defend all persons charged with a public offense who are
             221      determined by the justice court to be indigent under Title 77, Chapter 32, Indigent Defense Act;
             222          (iv) sufficient local peace officers to provide security for the justice court and to attend
             223      to the justice court when required;
             224          (v) sufficient clerical personnel to serve the needs of the justice court;
             225          (vi) sufficient funds to cover the cost of travel and training expenses of clerical
             226      personnel and judges at training sessions mandated by the Judicial Council;
             227          (vii) adequate courtroom and auxiliary space for the justice court, which need not be
             228      specifically constructed for or allocated solely for the justice court when existing facilities
             229      adequately serve the purposes of the justice court; and
             230          (viii) for each judge of its justice court, a current copy of the Utah Code, the Utah
             231      Court Rules Annotated, the justice court manual published by the state court administrator, the
             232      county, city, or town ordinances as appropriate, and other legal reference materials as
             233      determined to be necessary by the judge; and
             234          (b) the Judicial Council's rules and procedures shall:
             235          (i) presume that existing justice courts will be recertified at the end of each four-year
             236      term if the court continues to meet the minimum requirements for the establishment of a new
             237      justice court; or
             238          (ii) authorize the Judicial Council, upon request of a municipality or county or upon its
             239      own review, when a justice court does not meet the minimum requirements, to:
             240          (A) decline recertification of a justice court;
             241          (B) revoke the certification of a justice court;
             242          (C) extend the time for a justice court to comply with the minimum requirements; or
             243          (D) suspend rules of the Judicial Council governing justice courts, if the council
             244      believes suspending those rules is the appropriate administrative remedy for the justice courts



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             245
     of this state.
             246          Section 5. Section 78A-7-105 is amended to read:
             247           78A-7-105. Territorial jurisdiction -- Voting.
             248          (1) The territorial jurisdiction of county justice courts extends to the limits of the
             249      precinct for which the justice court is created and includes all cities or towns within the
             250      precinct, except cities where a municipal justice court exists.
             251          (2) The territorial jurisdiction of municipal justice courts extends to the corporate
             252      limits of the municipality in which the justice court is created.
             253          [(3) The territorial jurisdiction of county and municipal justice courts functioning as
             254      magistrates extends beyond the boundaries in Subsections (1) and (2):]
             255          [(a) as set forth in Section 78A-2-220 ; and]
             256          [(b) to the extent necessary to carry out magisterial functions under Subsection
             257      77-7-23 (2) regarding jailed persons.]
             258          (3) Justice court judges have the same authority regarding matters within their
             259      jurisdiction as judges of courts of record.
             260          (4) A justice court may issue all extraordinary writs and other writs as necessary to
             261      carry into effect its orders, judgments, and decrees.
             262          (5) (a) Except as provided in this Subsection (5), a judgment rendered in a justice court
             263      does not create a lien upon any real property of the judgment debtor unless the judgment or
             264      abstract of the judgment:
             265          (i) is recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the real
             266      property of the judgment debtor is located; and
             267          (ii) contains the information identifying the judgment debtor in the judgment or
             268      abstract of judgment as required in Subsection 78B-5-201 (4) or as a separate information
             269      statement of the judgment creditor as required in Subsection 78B-5-201 (5).
             270          (b) The lien runs for eight years from the date the judgment was entered in the district
             271      court under Section 78B-5-202 unless the judgment is earlier satisfied.
             272          (c) State agencies are exempt from the recording requirement of Subsection (5)(a).
             273          Section 6. Section 78A-7-106 is amended to read:
             274           78A-7-106. Jurisdiction.
             275          (1) Justice courts have jurisdiction over class B and C misdemeanors, violation of



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             276
     ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 18 years
             277      of age or older.
             278          (2) Except those offenses over which the juvenile court has exclusive jurisdiction,
             279      justice courts have jurisdiction over the following class B and C misdemeanors, violation of
             280      ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 16 years
             281      of age or older:
             282          (a) Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code of Utah;
             283          (b) Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act;
             284          (c) Title 41, Chapter 6a, Traffic Code;
             285          (d) Title 41, Chapter 12a, Financial Responsibility of Motor Vehicle Owners and
             286      Operators Act;
             287          (e) Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles;
             288          (f) Title 73, Chapter 18, State Boating Act;
             289          (g) Title 73, Chapter 18a, Boating - Litter and Pollution Control;
             290          (h) Title 73, Chapter 18b, Water Safety; and
             291          (i) Title 73, Chapter 18c, Financial Responsibility of Motorboat Owners and Operators
             292      Act.
             293          (3) Justice Courts have jurisdiction over class C misdemeanor violations of Title 53,
             294      Chapter 3, Part 2, Driver Licensing Act.
             295          (4) As used in this section, "the court's jurisdiction" means the territorial jurisdiction of
             296      a justice court.
             297          (5) An offense is committed within the territorial jurisdiction of a justice court if:
             298          (a) conduct constituting an element of the offense or a result constituting an element of
             299      the offense occurs within the court's jurisdiction, regardless of whether the conduct or result is
             300      itself unlawful;
             301          (b) either a person committing an offense or a victim of an offense is located within the
             302      court's jurisdiction at the time the offense is committed;
             303          (c) either a cause of injury occurs within the court's jurisdiction or the injury occurs
             304      within the court's jurisdiction;
             305          (d) a person commits any act constituting an element of an inchoate offense within the
             306      court's jurisdiction, including an agreement in a conspiracy;



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             307
         (e) a person solicits, aids, or abets, or attempts to solicit, aid, or abet another person in
             308      the planning or commission of an offense within the court's jurisdiction;
             309          (f) the investigation of the offense does not readily indicate in which court's
             310      jurisdiction the offense occurred, and:
             311          (i) the offense is committed upon or in any railroad car, vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft
             312      passing within the court's jurisdiction;
             313          (ii) (A) the offense is committed on or in any body of water bordering on or within this
             314      state if the territorial limits of the justice court are adjacent to the body of water; and
             315          (B) as used in Subsection (5)(f)(ii)(A), "body of water" includes any stream, river, lake,
             316      or reservoir, whether natural or man-made;
             317          (iii) a person who commits theft exercises control over the affected property within the
             318      court's jurisdiction; or
             319          (iv) the offense is committed on or near the boundary of the court's jurisdiction;
             320          (g) the offense consists of an unlawful communication that was initiated or received
             321      within the court's jurisdiction; or
             322          (h) jurisdiction is otherwise specifically provided by law.
             323          [(6) Justice courts have jurisdiction of small claims cases under Title 78A, Chapter 8,
             324      Small Claims Courts, if a defendant resides in or the debt arose within the territorial
             325      jurisdiction of the justice court.]
             326          [(7)] (6) A justice court judge may transfer a criminal matter in which the defendant is
             327      a child to the juvenile court for further proceedings if the justice court judge determines and the
             328      juvenile court concurs that the best interests of the [child] minor would be served by the
             329      continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             330          [(8) The court may issue all extraordinary writs and other writs necessary to carry into
             331      effect its orders, judgments, and decrees.]
             332          (7) Justice courts have jurisdiction of small claims cases under Title 78A, Chapter 8,
             333      Small Claims Courts, if a defendant resides in or the debt arose within the territorial
             334      jurisdiction of the justice court.
             335          Section 7. Section 78A-7-118 is amended to read:
             336           78A-7-118. Appeals from justice court -- Trial or hearing de novo in district
             337      court.



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Senate 2nd Reading Amendments 2-28-2012 cm/ecm
             338
         (1) In a criminal case, a defendant is entitled to a trial de novo in the district court only
             339      if the defendant files a notice of appeal within 30 days of:
             340          [(a) sentencing after a bench or jury trial, or a plea of guilty in the justice court
             341      resulting in a finding or verdict of guilt; or]
             342          (a) S. [ imposition of sentence ] sentencing, except as provided in Subsection (3)(b) .S ;
             342a      or
             343          (b) a plea of guilty or no contest in the justice court that is held in abeyance.
             344          (2) If an appeal under Subsection (1) is of a plea entered pursuant to negotiation with
             345      the prosecutor, and the defendant did not reserve the right to appeal as part of the plea
             346      negotiation, the negotiation is voided by the appeal.
             347          (3) A defendant convicted and sentenced in justice court is entitled to a hearing de
             348      novo in the district court on the following matters, if the defendant files a notice of appeal
             349      within 30 days of:
             350          (a) an order revoking probation;
             351          (b) an order entering a judgment of guilt pursuant to the person's failure to fulfil the
             352      terms of a plea in abeyance agreement;
             353          (c) a sentence entered pursuant to Subsection (3)(b); or
             354          (d) an order denying a motion to withdraw a plea.
             355          (4) The prosecutor is entitled to a hearing de novo in the district court on:
             356          (a) a final judgment of dismissal;
             357          (b) an order arresting judgment;
             358          (c) an order terminating the prosecution because of a finding of double jeopardy or
             359      denial of a speedy trial;
             360          (d) a judgment holding invalid any part of a statute or ordinance;
             361          (e) a pretrial order excluding evidence, when the prosecutor certifies that exclusion of
             362      that evidence prevents continued prosecution of an infraction or class C misdemeanor;
             363          (f) a pretrial order excluding evidence, when the prosecutor certifies that exclusion of
             364      that evidence impairs continued prosecution of a class B misdemeanor; or
             365          (g) an order granting a motion to withdraw a plea of guilty or no contest.
             366          (5) A notice of appeal for a hearing de novo in the district court on a pretrial order
             367      excluding evidence under Subsection (4)(e) or (f) shall be filed within 30 days of the order
             368      excluding the evidence.



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             369
         (6) Upon entering a decision in a hearing de novo, the district court shall remand the
             370      case to the justice court unless:
             371          (a) the decision results in immediate dismissal of the case;
             372          (b) with agreement of the parties, the district court consents to retain jurisdiction; or
             373          (c) the defendant enters a plea of guilty or no contest in the district court.
             374          (7) The district court shall retain jurisdiction over the case on trial de novo.
             375          (8) The decision of the district court is final and may not be appealed unless the district
             376      court rules on the constitutionality of a statute or ordinance.
             377          Section 8. Section 78A-7-120 is amended to read:
             378           78A-7-120. Disposition of fines.
             379          (1) Except as otherwise specified by this section, fines and forfeitures collected by a
             380      justice court shall be remitted, 1/2 to the treasurer of the local government responsible for the
             381      court and 1/2 to the treasurer of the local government which prosecutes or which would
             382      prosecute the violation. An interlocal agreement created pursuant to Title 11, Chapter 13,
             383      Interlocal Cooperation Act, related to justice courts may alter the ratio provided in this section
             384      if the parties agree.
             385          (2) (a) For violation of Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code, the court shall allocate 85%
             386      to the Division of Wildlife Resources and 15% to the general fund of the city or county
             387      government responsible for the justice court.
             388          (b) For violation of Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-highway Vehicles, or Title 73, Chapter
             389      18, State Boating Act, the court shall allocate 85% to the Division of Parks and Recreation and
             390      15% to the general fund of the city or county government responsible for the justice court.
             391          (3) The surcharge established by Section 51-9-401 shall be paid to the state treasurer.
             392          (4) Fines, fees, court costs, and forfeitures collected by a municipal or county justice
             393      court for a violation of Section 72-7-404 or 72-7-406 regarding maximum weight limitations
             394      and overweight permits, minus court costs not to exceed the schedule adopted by the Judicial
             395      Council, shall be paid to the state treasurer and distributed to the class B and C road account.
             396          (5) Revenue deposited in the class B and C road account pursuant to Subsection (4) is
             397      supplemental to the money appropriated under Section 72-2-107 but shall be expended in the
             398      same manner as other class B and C road funds.
             399          (6) (a) Fines and forfeitures collected by the court for a second or subsequent violation



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             400
     under Section 41-6a-1713 or Subsection 72-7-409 (8)(b) shall be remitted:
             401          (i) 60% to the state treasurer to be deposited in the Transportation Fund; and
             402          (ii) 40% in accordance with Subsection (1).
             403          (b) Fines and forfeitures collected by the court for a second or subsequent violation
             404      under Subsection 72-7-409 (8)(c) shall be remitted:
             405          (i) 50% to the state treasurer to be deposited in the Transportation Fund; and
             406          (ii) 50% in accordance with Subsection (1).
             407          Section 9. Section 78A-7-121 is amended to read:
             408           78A-7-121. Funds collected -- Deposits and reports -- Special account --
             409      Accounting.
             410          (1) (a) [Municipal justice] Justice courts shall deposit public funds in accordance with
             411      Section 51-4-2 .
             412          (b) The city or county treasurer shall report to the city recorder or county auditor, as
             413      appropriate, the sums collected and deposited. The recorder or auditor shall then apportion and
             414      remit the collected proceeds as provided in Section 78A-7-120 .
             415          [(c) The municipality shall retain all small claims filing fees including the
             416      governmental filing fee for actions filed by the municipality as provided in Section
             417      78A-8-105 .]
             418          [(2) (a) County justice courts shall deposit public funds in accordance with Section
             419      51-4-2 .]
             420          [(b) The treasurer shall report to the county auditor the sums collected and deposited.
             421      The auditor shall then apportion and remit the collected proceeds as provided in Section
             422      78A-7-120 .]
             423          [(c) The county shall retain all small claims filing fees including the governmental
             424      filing fee for actions filed by the county as provided in Section 78A-8-105 .]
             425          [(3)] (2) Money received or collected on any civil process or order issued from a justice
             426      court shall be paid within seven days to the party entitled or authorized to receive it.
             427          [(4)] (3) (a) With the approval of the governing body a trust or revolving account may
             428      be established in the name of the justice court and the treasurer for the deposit of money
             429      collected including bail, restitution, unidentified receipts, and other money that requires special
             430      accounting.



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             431
         (b) Disbursements from this account do not require the approval of the auditor,
             432      recorder, or governing body.
             433          (c) The account shall be reconciled at least quarterly by the auditor of the governing
             434      body.
             435          Section 10. Section 78A-7-201 is amended to read:
             436           78A-7-201. Justice court judge eligibility -- Mandatory retirement.
             437          (1) A justice court judge shall be:
             438          (a) a citizen of the United States;
             439          (b) 25 years of age or older;
             440          (c) a resident of Utah for at least three years immediately preceding his appointment;
             441          (d) a resident of the county in which the court is located or an adjacent county for at
             442      least six months immediately preceding appointment; and
             443          (e) a qualified voter of the county in which the judge resides.
             444          (2) Justice court judges are not required to be admitted to practice law in the state as a
             445      qualification to hold office but shall have at the minimum a diploma of graduation from high
             446      school or its equivalent.
             447          (3) A justice court judge shall be a person who has demonstrated maturity of judgment,
             448      integrity, and the ability to understand and apply appropriate law with impartiality.
             449          (4) Justice court judges shall retire upon attaining the age of 75 years.
             450          [(5) (a) A justice court judge whose tenure in office has terminated due to retirement
             451      and who is physically and mentally able to perform the duties of the office may hear a case as
             452      prescribed by rule of the Supreme Court.]
             453          [(b) The retired justice court judge shall take and subscribe an oath of office only upon
             454      the first appointment. The retired justice court judge shall receive reasonable compensation for
             455      services as set by local ordinance of the municipality or county.]
             456          Section 11. Section 78A-7-202 is amended to read:
             457           78A-7-202. Justice court judges to be appointed -- Procedure.
             458          (1) As used in this section:
             459          (a) "Local government executive" means:
             460          (i) for a county:
             461          (A) the chair of the county commission in a county operating under the county



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             462
     commission or expanded county commission form of county government;
             463          (B) the county executive in a county operating under the county executive-council form
             464      of county government; and
             465          (C) the county manager in a county operating under the council-manager form of
             466      county government; and
             467          (ii) for a city or town:
             468          (A) the mayor of the city or town; or
             469          (B) the city manager, in the council-manager form of government described in
             470      Subsection 10-3b-103 (6).
             471          (b) "Local legislative body" means:
             472          (i) for a county, the county commission or county council; and
             473          (ii) for a city or town, the council of the city or town.
             474          (2) There is created in each county a county justice court nominating commission to
             475      review applicants and make recommendations to the appointing authority for a justice court
             476      position. The commission shall be convened when a new justice court judge position is created
             477      or when a vacancy in an existing court occurs for a justice court located within the county.
             478          (a) Membership of the justice court nominating commission shall be as follows:
             479          (i) one member appointed by:
             480          (A) the county commission if the county has a county commission form of
             481      government; or
             482          (B) the county executive if the county has an executive-council form of government;
             483          (ii) one member appointed by the municipalities in the counties as follows:
             484          (A) if the county has only one municipality, appointment shall be made by the
             485      governing authority of that municipality; or
             486          (B) if the county has more than one municipality, appointment shall be made by a
             487      municipal selection committee composed of the mayors of each municipality in the county;
             488          (iii) one member appointed by the county bar association; and
             489          (iv) two members appointed by the governing authority of the jurisdiction where the
             490      judicial office is located.
             491          (b) If there is no county bar association, the member in Subsection (2)(a)(iii) shall be
             492      appointed by the regional bar association. If no regional bar association exists, the state bar



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             493
     association shall make the appointment.
             494          (c) Members appointed under Subsections (2)(a)(i) and (ii) may not be the appointing
             495      authority or an elected official of [the] a county or municipality.
             496          (d) The nominating commission shall submit at least two names to the appointing
             497      authority of the jurisdiction expected to be served by the judge. The local government
             498      executive shall appoint a judge from the list submitted and the appointment ratified by the local
             499      legislative body.
             500          (e) The state court administrator shall provide staff to the commission. The Judicial
             501      Council shall establish rules and procedures for the conduct of the commission.
             502          (3) Judicial vacancies shall be advertised in a newspaper of general circulation, through
             503      the Utah State Bar, and other appropriate means.
             504          (4) Selection of candidates shall be based on compliance with the requirements for
             505      office and competence to serve as a judge.
             506          (5) Once selected, [the Judicial Council shall certify the judge as qualified to hold
             507      office upon successful completion of the orientation program] every prospective justice court
             508      judge shall attend an orientation seminar conducted under the direction of the Judicial Council.
             509      Upon completion of the orientation program, the Judicial Council shall certify the justice court
             510      judge as qualified to hold office.
             511          (6) The selection of a person to fill the office of justice court judge is effective upon
             512      certification of the judge by the Judicial Council. A justice court judge may not perform
             513      judicial duties until certified by the Judicial Council.
             514          [(7) Upon the expiration of a justice court judge's term of office, the judge shall be
             515      subject to an unopposed retention election in accordance with the procedures set forth in
             516      Section 20A-12-201 :]
             517          [(a) in the county or counties in which the court to which the judge is appointed is
             518      located if the judge is a county justice court judge or a municipal justice court judge in a town
             519      or city of the fourth or fifth class; or]
             520          [(b) in the municipality in which the court to which the judge is appointed is located if
             521      the judge is a municipal justice court judge and Subsection (7)(a) does not apply.]
             522          [(8) Before each retention election, each justice court judge shall be evaluated in
             523      accordance with the performance evaluation program established in Title 78A, Chapter 12,



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             524
     Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission Act.]
             525          [(9) Notwithstanding Subsection (8), each justice court judge who is subject to a
             526      retention election in 2012, 2014, and 2016, and who is not a full-time justice court judge on
             527      July 1, 2012, shall be evaluated by the Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission according
             528      to the following performance standards:]
             529          [(a) have no less than 30 annual hours of continuing legal education for each year of
             530      the justice court judge's current term;]
             531          [(b) have no more than one public reprimand issued by the Judicial Conduct
             532      Commission or the Supreme Court during the justice court judge's current term; and]
             533          [(c) have no cases under advisement for more than two months.]
             534          Section 12. Section 78A-7-203 is amended to read:
             535           78A-7-203. Term of office for justice court judge -- Retention.
             536          (1) The term of a justice court judge is six years beginning the first Monday in January
             537      following the date of election.
             538          [(2) Notwithstanding Section 20A-12-201 , justice court judges holding office or
             539      appointed to fill any vacancy before January 1, 2009 will stand for election in the 2010 general
             540      election, unless a municipal justice court judge chooses not to stand for election.]
             541          [(3) (a) Notwithstanding Section 20A-12-201 , any municipal justice court judge
             542      holding office on January 1, 2009 may serve out their current term if the judge:]
             543          [(i) stands for retention election in 2010, and is not retained in that election; or]
             544          [(ii) chooses not to stand for election in 2010.]
             545          [(b) A vacancy shall then exist in the office on the first Monday in February 2012.]
             546          (2) Upon the expiration of a justice court judge's term of office, the judge shall be
             547      subject to an unopposed retention election in accordance with the procedures set forth in
             548      Section 20A-12-201 :
             549          (a) in the county or counties in which the court to which the judge is appointed is
             550      located if the judge is a county justice court judge or a municipal justice court judge in a town
             551      or city of the fourth or fifth class; or
             552          (b) in the municipality in which the court to which the judge is appointed is located if
             553      the judge is a municipal justice court judge and Subsection (2)(a) does not apply.
             554          (3) Before each retention election, each justice court judge shall be evaluated in



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             555
     accordance with the performance evaluation program established in Title 78A, Chapter 12,
             556      Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission Act.
             557          (4) Notwithstanding Subsection (3), each justice court judge who is subject to a
             558      retention election in 2012, 2014, and 2016, and who is not a full-time justice court judge on
             559      July 1, 2012, shall be evaluated by the Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission according
             560      to the following performance standards:
             561          (a) the justice court judge shall have at least 30 annual hours of continuing legal
             562      education for each year of the justice court judge's current term;
             563          (b) the justice court judge may not have more than one public reprimand issued by the
             564      Judicial Conduct Commission or the Supreme Court during the justice court judge's current
             565      term; and
             566          (c) the justice court judge may not have had any cases under advisement for more than
             567      two months.
             568          Section 13. Section 78A-7-204 is amended to read:
             569           78A-7-204. Offices of justice court judges.
             570          (1) Justice court judges holding office in:
             571          (a) county precincts are county justice court judges; and
             572          (b) cities or towns are municipal justice court judges.
             573          (2) The county legislative body may establish a single precinct or divide the county
             574      into multiple precincts to create county justice courts for public convenience.
             575          (3) (a) The governing body may [assign] create as many [justice court judges to a court
             576      as] judicial positions as are required for the efficient [judicial] administration of a justice court.
             577          (b) If more than one judge is assigned to a court, [any citations, informations, or
             578      complaints] all filings within that court shall be assigned to the judges at random unless the
             579      governing body has been authorized to create specialized judicial calendars to serve the
             580      interests of justice.
             581          [(4) A municipality or county may contract with any other municipality or
             582      municipalities within the county under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, to
             583      establish a justice court. A justice court established under Title 11, Chapter 13, shall meet the
             584      requirements for certification under Section 78A-7-103 . A justice court established under Title
             585      11, Chapter 13, shall have territorial jurisdiction as if established separately.]



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             586
         Section 14. Section 78A-7-205 is amended to read:
             587           78A-7-205. Required annual training -- Expenses -- Failure to attend.
             588          [(1) Prior to assuming office all justice court judges shall attend an orientation seminar
             589      conducted under the direction of the Judicial Council.]
             590          [(2)] (1) All justice court judges shall [attend] meet the continuing education
             591      [conducted under the supervision] requirements of the Judicial Council each calendar year.
             592          [(a)] (2) Successful completion of the continuing education requirement includes
             593      instruction regarding competency and understanding of constitutional provisions and laws
             594      relating to the jurisdiction of the court, rules of evidence, and rules of civil and criminal
             595      procedure as indicated by a certificate awarded by the Judicial Council.
             596          [(b) The county or municipality creating and maintaining a justice court shall assume
             597      the expenses of travel, meals, and lodging for the judge to attend education and training
             598      seminars conducted by the Judicial Council.]
             599          [(3) Any judge not obtaining a certificate for two consecutive years may be removed
             600      from office for cause under this section.]
             601          [(4)] (3) The Judicial Council shall [inform the Judicial Conduct Commission of the
             602      names of justice court judges failing to comply with this section] file a formal complaint with
             603      the Judicial Conduct Commission against each justice court judge who does not comply with
             604      this section.
             605          Section 15. Section 78A-7-206 is amended to read:
             606           78A-7-206. Determination of compensation and limits -- Salary survey -- Limits
             607      on secondary employment -- Prohibition on holding political or elected office -- Penalties.
             608          (1) Every justice court judge shall be paid a fixed compensation determined by the
             609      governing body of the respective municipality or county.
             610          (a) The governing body of the municipality or county may not set a full-time justice
             611      court judge's salary at less than 50% nor more than 90% of a district court judge's salary.
             612          (b) The governing body of the municipality or county shall set a part-time justice court
             613      judge's salary as follows:
             614          (i) The governing body shall first determine the full-time salary range outlined in
             615      Subsection (1)(a).
             616          (ii) The caseload of a part-time judge shall be determined by the office of the state



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             617
     court administrator and expressed as a percentage of the caseload of a full-time judge.
             618          (iii) The judge's salary shall then be determined by applying the percentage determined
             619      in Subsection (1)(b)(ii) against the salary range determined in Subsection (1)(a).
             620          (c) A justice court judge shall receive an annual salary adjustment at least equal to the
             621      average salary adjustment for all county or municipal employees for the jurisdiction served by
             622      the judge.
             623          (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(c), a justice court judge may not receive a salary
             624      greater than 90% of the salary of a district court judge.
             625          (e) A justice court judge employed by more than one entity as a justice court judge,
             626      may not receive a total salary for service as a justice court judge greater than the salary of a
             627      district court judge.
             628          (2) A justice court judge may not appear as an attorney in [any criminal matter in a]
             629      any:
             630          (a) justice court;
             631          (b) criminal matter in any federal, state, or [justice] local court [or appear as an
             632      attorney in any justice court or in any]; or
             633          (c) juvenile court case involving conduct which would be criminal if committed by an
             634      adult.
             635          (3) A justice court judge may not hold any office or employment including contracting
             636      for services in any justice agency of state government or any political subdivision of the state
             637      including law enforcement, prosecution, criminal defense, corrections, or court employment.
             638          (4) A justice court judge may not hold any office in any political party or organization
             639      engaged in any political activity or serve as an elected official in state government or any
             640      political subdivision of the state.
             641          (5) A justice court judge may not own or be employed by any business entity which
             642      regularly litigates in small claims court.
             643          [(6) Any judge who violates this section is subject to removal by the Judicial Conduct
             644      Commission under Title 78A, Chapter 11, Judicial Conduct Commission.]
             645          (6) The Judicial Council shall file a formal complaint with the Judicial Conduct
             646      Commission for each violation of this section.
             647          Section 16. Section 78A-7-208 is amended to read:



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             648
          78A-7-208. Temporary justice court judge.
             649          [If a justice court judge is absent or disqualified, the appointing authority] When
             650      necessary, the governing body may appoint [another] any senior justice court judge, or justice
             651      court judge currently holding office within the judicial district or in an adjacent county, to serve
             652      as a temporary justice court judge. [A retired justice court judge may also be appointed as a
             653      temporary justice court judge under rule of the Supreme Court.]
             654          Section 17. Section 78A-7-210 is amended to read:
             655           78A-7-210. Justice court judge administrative responsibilities.
             656          (1) Justice court judges shall comply with and ensure that court personnel comply with
             657      applicable county or municipal rules and regulations related to personnel, budgets, and other
             658      administrative functions.
             659          (2) Failure by the judge to comply with applicable administrative county or municipal
             660      rules and regulations may be referred, by the county executive or municipal legislative body, to
             661      the state Justice Court Administrator.
             662          [(3) Compliance with appropriate administrative requirements shall be considered as
             663      part of the Judicial Council's judicial performance evaluation program for justice court judges.]
             664          [(4)] (3) Repeated or willful noncompliance may be referred, by the county executive
             665      or municipal legislative body, to the Judicial Conduct Commission.
             666          Section 18. Section 78A-7-213 is amended to read:
             667           78A-7-213. Trial facilities -- Hours of business.
             668          (1) A justice court judge shall conduct all official court business in a courtroom or
             669      office located in a public facility which is conducive and appropriate to the administration of
             670      justice.
             671          [(2) Each county, city, or town shall provide adequate courtroom and auxiliary space
             672      for the justice court. The facility need not be specifically constructed for or allocated solely for
             673      the justice court if existing facilities adequately serve the purposes of the justice court.]
             674          (2) (a) A county justice court may, at the direction of the county legislative body, hold
             675      justice court anywhere in the county as needed but may only hear cases arising within its
             676      precinct.
             677          (b) A municipal justice court judge shall hold court in the municipality where the court
             678      is located.



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             679
         (c) Justice courts may also hold court or conduct hearings or court business in any
             680      facility or location authorized by rule of the Judicial Council.
             681          (3) Justice courts shall be open and judicial business shall be transacted:
             682          (a) five days per week; or
             683          (b) no less than four days per week for at least 11 hours per day.
             684          (4) The legislative body of the county, city, or town shall establish operating hours for
             685      the justice courts within the requirements of Subsection (3) and the code of judicial
             686      administration.
             687          (5) The hours the courts are open shall be posted conspicuously at the courts and in
             688      local public buildings.
             689          (6) The clerk of the court and judges of justice courts shall attend the court at regularly
             690      scheduled times.
             691          (7) By July 1, 2011, all justice courts shall use a common case management system and
             692      disposition reporting system as specified by the Judicial Council.
             693          Section 19. Section 78A-7-215 is amended to read:
             694           78A-7-215. Monthly reports to court administrator and governing body.
             695          (1) Every justice court [judge] shall file monthly with the state court administrator a
             696      report of the judicial business of the judge. The report shall be on forms supplied by the state
             697      court administrator.
             698          (2) The report shall state the number of criminal and small claims actions filed, the
             699      dispositions entered, and other information as specified in the forms.
             700          (3) A copy of the report shall be furnished by the justice court [judge to the governing
             701      body in the municipality or county, or] to the person or office in the county, city, or town
             702      designated by the governing body to receive the report.
             703          Section 20. Section 78A-8-101 is amended to read:
             704           78A-8-101. Creation.
             705          There is created a limited jurisdiction division of the district [court] and justice courts
             706      designated small claims court.
             707          Section 21. Repealer.
             708          This bill repeals:
             709          Section 78A-7-104, Justice court judge authority.



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             710
         Section 78A-7-108, Justice court judge to collect fees before filing action -- Penalty.
             711          Section 78A-7-109, Process to any part of the state -- Service.
             712          Section 78A-7-110, Docket to be kept -- Enumeration of entries required.
             713          Section 78A-7-111, Docket entries -- Prima facie evidence.
             714          Section 78A-7-112, Docket index.
             715          Section 78A-7-113, Delivery of docket and papers to successor.
             716          Section 78A-7-114, Filing and docketing of abstract.
             717          Section 78A-7-115, All papers issued, except subpoenas, to be filled out without
             718      blanks.
             719          Section 78A-7-116, Execution on judgment.
             720          Section 78A-7-117, Judgment not a lien unless so recorded.
             721          Section 78A-7-119, Disposition of money received.
             722          Section 78A-7-209, Justice court staff to be provided.
             723          Section 78A-7-211, Compensation and expenses -- Clerical personnel.
             724          Section 78A-7-214, Laws, ordinances, and reference materials provided by
             725      counties, cities, and towns.





Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-13-12 12:53 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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