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[Introduced][Amended][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

S.B. 200 Enrolled

             1     

JUSTICE COURT AMENDMENTS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

             5     
House Sponsor: Brian S. King

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the creation, procedures, and standards of Justice Courts.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    establishes and amends procedures to establish and expand the territorial
             13      jurisdiction of justice courts;
             14          .    amends and consolidates the minimum operating standards of justice courts;
             15          .    amends the Judicial Council's authority to establish rules and procedures concerning
             16      the creation and expansion of justice courts;
             17          .    provides for uniform fees of the justice courts;
             18          .    under certain circumstances, entitles a plea of "no contest" in a criminal justice
             19      court case to receive a trial de novo in the district court;
             20          .    authorizes cities and counties to alter the disposition of fines with interlocal
             21      agreements;
             22          .    requires every prospective justice court judge to attend an orientation program
             23      conducted under the direction of the Judicial Council before the justice court judge
             24      can be certified and qualified to hold office;
             25          .    authorizes the governing body of a justice court to create specialized judicial
             26      calendars and exempts judges who hear these calendars from being assigned cases
             27      at random;
             28          .    modifies the procedures and penalties for failure to comply with continuing
             29      education requirements;


             30          .    modifies the procedures and penalties for failure to comply with compensation
             31      limits, limits on secondary employment, and limits on holding elected or political
             32      offices and requires the Judicial Council to file a formal complaint for violations;
             33          .    amends the procedures to appoint a temporary justice court judge and prohibits a
             34      retired justice court judge from serving as a temporary justice court judge;
             35          .    modifies and establishes new standards for when and where a municipality and
             36      county may hold justice court and authorizes the Judicial Council to determine
             37      when and where justice courts my hold court; and
             38          .    makes technical corrections.
             39      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             40          None
             41      Other Special Clauses:
             42          None
             43      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             44      AMENDS:
             45          78A-7-101, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             46          78A-7-102, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             47          78A-7-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 208
             48          78A-7-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 34 and 47
             49          78A-7-118, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 215
             50          78A-7-120, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 22 and renumbered and
             51      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             52          78A-7-121, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             53          78A-7-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 93 and renumbered and
             54      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             55          78A-7-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Second Special Session, Chapter 3
             56          78A-7-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 146
             57          78A-7-204, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 208


             58          78A-7-205, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             59          78A-7-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 93 and renumbered and
             60      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             61          78A-7-208, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             62          78A-7-210, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             63          78A-7-213, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 93 and renumbered and
             64      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             65          78A-7-215, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             66          78A-8-101, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             67      ENACTS:
             68          78A-2-301.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69      REPEALS AND REENACTS:
             70          78A-7-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 238
             71      REPEALS:
             72          78A-7-104, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             73          78A-7-108, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             74          78A-7-109, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             75          78A-7-110, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             76          78A-7-111, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             77          78A-7-112, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             78          78A-7-113, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             79          78A-7-114, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             80          78A-7-115, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             81          78A-7-116, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             82          78A-7-117, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             83          78A-7-119, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             84          78A-7-209, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             85          78A-7-211, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3


             86          78A-7-214, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             87     
             88      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             89          Section 1. Section 78A-2-301.5 is enacted to read:
             90          78A-2-301.5. Civil fees for justice courts.
             91          (1) The fee for filing a small claims affidavit is:
             92          (a) $60 if the claim for damages or amount in interpleader exclusive of justice court
             93      costs, interest, and attorney fees is $2,000 or less;
             94          (b) $100 if the claim for damages or amount in interpleader exclusive of justice court
             95      costs, interest, and attorney fees is greater than $2,000, but less than $7,500; and
             96          (c) $185 if the claim for damages or amount in interpleader exclusive of justice court
             97      costs, interest, and attorney fees is $7,500 or more.
             98          (2) The fee for filing a small claims counter affidavit is:
             99          (a) $50 if the claim for relief exclusive of justice court costs, interest, and attorney fees
             100      is $2,000 or less;
             101          (b) $70 if the claim for relief exclusive of justice court costs, interest, and attorney fees
             102      is greater than $2,000, but less than $7,500; and
             103          (c) $120 if the claim for relief exclusive of justice court costs, interest, and attorney
             104      fees is $7,500 or more.
             105          (3) The fee for filing a petition for expungement is $135.
             106          (4) The fee for a petition to open a sealed record is $35.
             107          (5) The fee for a writ of replevin, attachment, execution, or garnishment is $50 in
             108      addition to any fee for a complaint or petition.
             109          (6) The fee for filing a notice of appeal to a court of record is $10. This fee covers all
             110      services of the justice court on appeal but does not satisfy the trial de novo filing fee in the
             111      court of record.
             112          (7) The fee for a certified copy of a document is $4 per document plus 50 cents per
             113      page.


             114          (8) The fee for an exemplified copy of a document is $6 per document plus 50 cents
             115      per page.
             116          (9) The fee schedule adopted by the Judicial Council for copies of documents and
             117      forms and for the search and retrieval of records under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government
             118      Records Access and Management Act, shall apply.
             119          (10) There is no fee for services or the filing of documents not listed in this section or
             120      otherwise provided by law.
             121          (11) The filing fees under this section may not be charged to the state, its agencies, or
             122      political subdivisions filing or defending any action.
             123          Section 2. Section 78A-7-101 is amended to read:
             124           78A-7-101. Creation of justice court -- Not of record -- Classes of justice.
             125          (1) Under Article VIII, Section 1, Utah Constitution, there is created a court not of
             126      record known as the justice court. The judges of this court are justice court judges.
             127          (2) Justice courts shall be divided into the following classes:
             128          (a) Class I: 501 or more case filings per month;
             129          (b) Class II: 201-500 case filings per month;
             130          (c) Class III: 61-200 case filings per month; and
             131          (d) Class IV: 60 or fewer case filings per month.
             132          Section 3. Section 78A-7-102 is amended to read:
             133           78A-7-102. Establishment of justice courts.
             134          (1) (a) For the purposes of this section, to "create a justice court" means to:
             135          (i) establish a justice court; or
             136          (ii) establish a justice court under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act.
             137          [(b) A municipality or county that has created a justice court may change the form of
             138      its court to another listed in Subsection (1)(a) without being considered to have created a
             139      court.]
             140          [(2) Justice courts shall be divided into the following classes:]
             141          [(a) Class I: 501 or more citations or cases filed per month;]


             142          [(b) Class II: 201-500 citations or cases filed per month;]
             143          [(c) Class III: 61-200 citations or cases filed per month; and]
             144          [(d) Class IV: 60 or fewer citations or cases filed per month.]
             145          (b) For the purposes of this section, if more than one municipality or county is
             146      collectively proposing to create a justice court, the class of the justice court shall be determined
             147      by the total citations or cases filed within the territorial jurisdiction of the proposed justice
             148      court.
             149          [(3)] (2) Municipalities or counties [can elect to create a Class I or Class II] of the first
             150      or second class may create a justice court by filing a written declaration with the Judicial
             151      Council on or before July 1 at least two years prior to the effective date of the election. Upon
             152      demonstration of compliance with operating standards as established by statute and the Judicial
             153      Council, the Judicial Council shall certify the creation of the court pursuant to Section
             154      78A-7-103 .
             155          [(4)] (3) (a) [Except as provided in Subsection (5), municipalities or counties can elect
             156      to create a Class III or Class IV] Municipalities or counties of the third, fourth, or fifth class
             157      may create a justice court by [establishing] demonstrating the need for the court and filing a
             158      written declaration with the Judicial Council on or before July 1 at least one year prior to the
             159      effective date of the election.
             160          (b) A municipality or county establishing a justice court shall demonstrate to the
             161      Judicial Council that a justice court is needed. In evaluating the need for [the creation of a
             162      Class III or Class IV] a justice court, the Judicial Council shall consider factors of population,
             163      case filings, public convenience, availability of law enforcement agencies and court support
             164      services, proximity to other courts, and any special circumstances.
             165          [(c) The Judicial Council shall determine whether the municipality or county seeking to
             166      create a Class III or Class IV justice court has established the need for the court.]
             167          [(d)] (c) [Upon demonstration of compliance with operating standards as established by
             168      statute and the Judicial Council, the] The Judicial Council shall certify the [creation of the]
             169      establishment of a justice court pursuant to Section 78A-7-103 [.], if the council determines:


             170          (i) a need exists;
             171          (ii) the municipality or county has filed a timely application; and
             172          (iii) the proposed justice court will be in compliance with all of the operating standards
             173      established by statute and the Judicial Council.
             174          [(5) (a) The following municipalities may create a justice court by filing a written
             175      declaration with the Judicial Council: American Fork, Bountiful, Brigham City, Cedar City,
             176      Clearfield, Elk Ridge, Kaysville, Layton, Logan, Moab, Murray, Ogden, Orem, Park City,
             177      Price, Provo, Richfield, Roosevelt, Roy, Salem, Salt Lake City, Sandy, Spanish Fork, St.
             178      George, Taylorsville, Tooele, Vernal, and West Valley City.]
             179          [(b) To form a Class I or Class II justice court, the municipalities listed in Subsection
             180      (5)(a) shall file a written declaration with the Judicial Council on or before July 1 at least two
             181      years prior to the effective date of the election.]
             182          [(c) To form a Class III or Class IV justice court, the municipalities listed in Subsection
             183      (5)(a) shall file a written declaration with the Judicial Council on or before July 1 at least one
             184      year prior to the effective date of the election.]
             185          [(d) Upon demonstration of compliance with operating standards as established by
             186      statute and the Judicial Council, the Judicial Council shall certify the creation of the court
             187      pursuant to Section 78A-7-103 .]
             188          (4) (a) A municipality that has an established justice court may expand the territorial
             189      jurisdiction of its justice court by entering into an agreement pursuant to Title 11, Chapter 13,
             190      Interlocal Cooperation Act, with one or more other municipalities, or the county in which the
             191      municipality exists.
             192          (b) A justice court enlarged under this section may not be considered as establishing a
             193      new justice court. An expanded justice court shall demonstrate that it will be in compliance
             194      with all of the requirements of the operating standards as established by statute and the Judicial
             195      Council before the justice court expands.
             196          (c) A municipality or county seeking to expand the territorial jurisdiction of a justice
             197      court shall notify the Judicial Council:


             198          (i) no later than the notice period required in Section 78A-7-123 , when the expanded
             199      justice court is a result of the dissolution of one or more justice courts; or
             200          (ii) no later than 180 days before the expanded court seeks to begin operation when the
             201      expanded justice court is a result of other circumstances.
             202          (d) The Judicial Council shall certify the expansion of a justice court if it determines
             203      that the expanded justice court is in compliance with the operating standards established by
             204      statute and the Judicial Council.
             205          [(6)] (5) Upon request from a municipality or county seeking to create a justice court,
             206      the Judicial Council may shorten the time required between the city's or county's written
             207      declaration or election to create a justice court and the effective date of the election.
             208          [(7)] (6) The Judicial Council may by rule provide resources and procedures adequate
             209      for the timely disposition of all matters brought before the courts. The administrative office of
             210      the courts and local governments shall cooperate in allocating resources to operate the courts in
             211      the most efficient and effective manner based on the allocation of responsibility between courts
             212      of record and not of record.
             213          Section 4. Section 78A-7-103 is repealed and reenacted to read:
             214          78A-7-103. Minimum standards of justice courts -- Authority of Judicial Council
             215      over justice courts.
             216          (1) The Judicial Council shall ensure that:
             217          (a) procedures include requirements that every municipality or county that establishes
             218      or maintains a justice court provide for the following minimum operating standards:
             219          (i) a system to ensure the justice court records all proceedings with a digital audio
             220      recording device and maintains the audio recordings for a minimum of one year;
             221          (ii) sufficient prosecutors to perform the prosecutorial duties before the justice court;
             222          (iii) adequate funding to defend all persons charged with a public offense who are
             223      determined by the justice court to be indigent under Title 77, Chapter 32, Indigent Defense Act;
             224          (iv) sufficient local peace officers to provide security for the justice court and to attend
             225      to the justice court when required;


             226          (v) sufficient clerical personnel to serve the needs of the justice court;
             227          (vi) sufficient funds to cover the cost of travel and training expenses of clerical
             228      personnel and judges at training sessions mandated by the Judicial Council;
             229          (vii) adequate courtroom and auxiliary space for the justice court, which need not be
             230      specifically constructed for or allocated solely for the justice court when existing facilities
             231      adequately serve the purposes of the justice court; and
             232          (viii) for each judge of its justice court, a current copy of the Utah Code, the Utah
             233      Court Rules Annotated, the justice court manual published by the state court administrator, the
             234      county, city, or town ordinances as appropriate, and other legal reference materials as
             235      determined to be necessary by the judge; and
             236          (b) the Judicial Council's rules and procedures shall:
             237          (i) presume that existing justice courts will be recertified at the end of each four-year
             238      term if the court continues to meet the minimum requirements for the establishment of a new
             239      justice court; or
             240          (ii) authorize the Judicial Council, upon request of a municipality or county or upon its
             241      own review, when a justice court does not meet the minimum requirements, to:
             242          (A) decline recertification of a justice court;
             243          (B) revoke the certification of a justice court;
             244          (C) extend the time for a justice court to comply with the minimum requirements; or
             245          (D) suspend rules of the Judicial Council governing justice courts, if the council
             246      believes suspending those rules is the appropriate administrative remedy for the justice courts
             247      of this state.
             248          Section 5. Section 78A-7-105 is amended to read:
             249           78A-7-105. Territorial jurisdiction -- Voting.
             250          (1) The territorial jurisdiction of county justice courts extends to the limits of the
             251      precinct for which the justice court is created and includes all cities or towns within the
             252      precinct, except cities where a municipal justice court exists.
             253          (2) The territorial jurisdiction of municipal justice courts extends to the corporate


             254      limits of the municipality in which the justice court is created.
             255          [(3) The territorial jurisdiction of county and municipal justice courts functioning as
             256      magistrates extends beyond the boundaries in Subsections (1) and (2):]
             257          [(a) as set forth in Section 78A-2-220 ; and]
             258          [(b) to the extent necessary to carry out magisterial functions under Subsection
             259      77-7-23 (2) regarding jailed persons.]
             260          (3) Justice court judges have the same authority regarding matters within their
             261      jurisdiction as judges of courts of record.
             262          (4) A justice court may issue all extraordinary writs and other writs as necessary to
             263      carry into effect its orders, judgments, and decrees.
             264          (5) (a) Except as provided in this Subsection (5), a judgment rendered in a justice court
             265      does not create a lien upon any real property of the judgment debtor unless the judgment or
             266      abstract of the judgment:
             267          (i) is recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the real
             268      property of the judgment debtor is located; and
             269          (ii) contains the information identifying the judgment debtor in the judgment or
             270      abstract of judgment as required in Subsection 78B-5-201 (4) or as a separate information
             271      statement of the judgment creditor as required in Subsection 78B-5-201 (5).
             272          (b) The lien runs for eight years from the date the judgment was entered in the district
             273      court under Section 78B-5-202 unless the judgment is earlier satisfied.
             274          (c) State agencies are exempt from the recording requirement of Subsection (5)(a).
             275          Section 6. Section 78A-7-106 is amended to read:
             276           78A-7-106. Jurisdiction.
             277          (1) Justice courts have jurisdiction over class B and C misdemeanors, violation of
             278      ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 18 years
             279      of age or older.
             280          (2) Except those offenses over which the juvenile court has exclusive jurisdiction,
             281      justice courts have jurisdiction over the following class B and C misdemeanors, violation of


             282      ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 16 years
             283      of age or older:
             284          (a) Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code of Utah;
             285          (b) Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act;
             286          (c) Title 41, Chapter 6a, Traffic Code;
             287          (d) Title 41, Chapter 12a, Financial Responsibility of Motor Vehicle Owners and
             288      Operators Act;
             289          (e) Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles;
             290          (f) Title 73, Chapter 18, State Boating Act;
             291          (g) Title 73, Chapter 18a, Boating - Litter and Pollution Control;
             292          (h) Title 73, Chapter 18b, Water Safety; and
             293          (i) Title 73, Chapter 18c, Financial Responsibility of Motorboat Owners and Operators
             294      Act.
             295          (3) Justice Courts have jurisdiction over class C misdemeanor violations of Title 53,
             296      Chapter 3, Part 2, Driver Licensing Act.
             297          (4) As used in this section, "the court's jurisdiction" means the territorial jurisdiction of
             298      a justice court.
             299          (5) An offense is committed within the territorial jurisdiction of a justice court if:
             300          (a) conduct constituting an element of the offense or a result constituting an element of
             301      the offense occurs within the court's jurisdiction, regardless of whether the conduct or result is
             302      itself unlawful;
             303          (b) either a person committing an offense or a victim of an offense is located within the
             304      court's jurisdiction at the time the offense is committed;
             305          (c) either a cause of injury occurs within the court's jurisdiction or the injury occurs
             306      within the court's jurisdiction;
             307          (d) a person commits any act constituting an element of an inchoate offense within the
             308      court's jurisdiction, including an agreement in a conspiracy;
             309          (e) a person solicits, aids, or abets, or attempts to solicit, aid, or abet another person in


             310      the planning or commission of an offense within the court's jurisdiction;
             311          (f) the investigation of the offense does not readily indicate in which court's
             312      jurisdiction the offense occurred, and:
             313          (i) the offense is committed upon or in any railroad car, vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft
             314      passing within the court's jurisdiction;
             315          (ii) (A) the offense is committed on or in any body of water bordering on or within this
             316      state if the territorial limits of the justice court are adjacent to the body of water; and
             317          (B) as used in Subsection (5)(f)(ii)(A), "body of water" includes any stream, river, lake,
             318      or reservoir, whether natural or man-made;
             319          (iii) a person who commits theft exercises control over the affected property within the
             320      court's jurisdiction; or
             321          (iv) the offense is committed on or near the boundary of the court's jurisdiction;
             322          (g) the offense consists of an unlawful communication that was initiated or received
             323      within the court's jurisdiction; or
             324          (h) jurisdiction is otherwise specifically provided by law.
             325          [(6) Justice courts have jurisdiction of small claims cases under Title 78A, Chapter 8,
             326      Small Claims Courts, if a defendant resides in or the debt arose within the territorial
             327      jurisdiction of the justice court.]
             328          [(7)] (6) A justice court judge may transfer a criminal matter in which the defendant is
             329      a child to the juvenile court for further proceedings if the justice court judge determines and the
             330      juvenile court concurs that the best interests of the [child] minor would be served by the
             331      continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             332          [(8) The court may issue all extraordinary writs and other writs necessary to carry into
             333      effect its orders, judgments, and decrees.]
             334          (7) Justice courts have jurisdiction of small claims cases under Title 78A, Chapter 8,
             335      Small Claims Courts, if a defendant resides in or the debt arose within the territorial
             336      jurisdiction of the justice court.
             337          Section 7. Section 78A-7-118 is amended to read:


             338           78A-7-118. Appeals from justice court -- Trial or hearing de novo in district
             339      court.
             340          (1) In a criminal case, a defendant is entitled to a trial de novo in the district court only
             341      if the defendant files a notice of appeal within 30 days of:
             342          [(a) sentencing after a bench or jury trial, or a plea of guilty in the justice court
             343      resulting in a finding or verdict of guilt; or]
             344          (a) sentencing, except as provided in Subsection (3)(b); or
             345          (b) a plea of guilty or no contest in the justice court that is held in abeyance.
             346          (2) If an appeal under Subsection (1) is of a plea entered pursuant to negotiation with
             347      the prosecutor, and the defendant did not reserve the right to appeal as part of the plea
             348      negotiation, the negotiation is voided by the appeal.
             349          (3) A defendant convicted and sentenced in justice court is entitled to a hearing de
             350      novo in the district court on the following matters, if the defendant files a notice of appeal
             351      within 30 days of:
             352          (a) an order revoking probation;
             353          (b) an order entering a judgment of guilt pursuant to the person's failure to fulfil the
             354      terms of a plea in abeyance agreement;
             355          (c) a sentence entered pursuant to Subsection (3)(b); or
             356          (d) an order denying a motion to withdraw a plea.
             357          (4) The prosecutor is entitled to a hearing de novo in the district court on:
             358          (a) a final judgment of dismissal;
             359          (b) an order arresting judgment;
             360          (c) an order terminating the prosecution because of a finding of double jeopardy or
             361      denial of a speedy trial;
             362          (d) a judgment holding invalid any part of a statute or ordinance;
             363          (e) a pretrial order excluding evidence, when the prosecutor certifies that exclusion of
             364      that evidence prevents continued prosecution of an infraction or class C misdemeanor;
             365          (f) a pretrial order excluding evidence, when the prosecutor certifies that exclusion of


             366      that evidence impairs continued prosecution of a class B misdemeanor; or
             367          (g) an order granting a motion to withdraw a plea of guilty or no contest.
             368          (5) A notice of appeal for a hearing de novo in the district court on a pretrial order
             369      excluding evidence under Subsection (4)(e) or (f) shall be filed within 30 days of the order
             370      excluding the evidence.
             371          (6) Upon entering a decision in a hearing de novo, the district court shall remand the
             372      case to the justice court unless:
             373          (a) the decision results in immediate dismissal of the case;
             374          (b) with agreement of the parties, the district court consents to retain jurisdiction; or
             375          (c) the defendant enters a plea of guilty or no contest in the district court.
             376          (7) The district court shall retain jurisdiction over the case on trial de novo.
             377          (8) The decision of the district court is final and may not be appealed unless the district
             378      court rules on the constitutionality of a statute or ordinance.
             379          Section 8. Section 78A-7-120 is amended to read:
             380           78A-7-120. Disposition of fines.
             381          (1) Except as otherwise specified by this section, fines and forfeitures collected by a
             382      justice court shall be remitted, 1/2 to the treasurer of the local government responsible for the
             383      court and 1/2 to the treasurer of the local government which prosecutes or which would
             384      prosecute the violation. An interlocal agreement created pursuant to Title 11, Chapter 13,
             385      Interlocal Cooperation Act, related to justice courts may alter the ratio provided in this section
             386      if the parties agree.
             387          (2) (a) For violation of Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code, the court shall allocate 85%
             388      to the Division of Wildlife Resources and 15% to the general fund of the city or county
             389      government responsible for the justice court.
             390          (b) For violation of Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-highway Vehicles, or Title 73, Chapter
             391      18, State Boating Act, the court shall allocate 85% to the Division of Parks and Recreation and
             392      15% to the general fund of the city or county government responsible for the justice court.
             393          (3) The surcharge established by Section 51-9-401 shall be paid to the state treasurer.


             394          (4) Fines, fees, court costs, and forfeitures collected by a municipal or county justice
             395      court for a violation of Section 72-7-404 or 72-7-406 regarding maximum weight limitations
             396      and overweight permits, minus court costs not to exceed the schedule adopted by the Judicial
             397      Council, shall be paid to the state treasurer and distributed to the class B and C road account.
             398          (5) Revenue deposited in the class B and C road account pursuant to Subsection (4) is
             399      supplemental to the money appropriated under Section 72-2-107 but shall be expended in the
             400      same manner as other class B and C road funds.
             401          (6) (a) Fines and forfeitures collected by the court for a second or subsequent violation
             402      under Section 41-6a-1713 or Subsection 72-7-409 (8)(b) shall be remitted:
             403          (i) 60% to the state treasurer to be deposited in the Transportation Fund; and
             404          (ii) 40% in accordance with Subsection (1).
             405          (b) Fines and forfeitures collected by the court for a second or subsequent violation
             406      under Subsection 72-7-409 (8)(c) shall be remitted:
             407          (i) 50% to the state treasurer to be deposited in the Transportation Fund; and
             408          (ii) 50% in accordance with Subsection (1).
             409          Section 9. Section 78A-7-121 is amended to read:
             410           78A-7-121. Funds collected -- Deposits and reports -- Special account --
             411      Accounting.
             412          (1) (a) [Municipal justice] Justice courts shall deposit public funds in accordance with
             413      Section 51-4-2 .
             414          (b) The city or county treasurer shall report to the city recorder or county auditor, as
             415      appropriate, the sums collected and deposited. The recorder or auditor shall then apportion and
             416      remit the collected proceeds as provided in Section 78A-7-120 .
             417          [(c) The municipality shall retain all small claims filing fees including the
             418      governmental filing fee for actions filed by the municipality as provided in Section
             419      78A-8-105 .]
             420          [(2) (a) County justice courts shall deposit public funds in accordance with Section
             421      51-4-2 .]


             422          [(b) The treasurer shall report to the county auditor the sums collected and deposited.
             423      The auditor shall then apportion and remit the collected proceeds as provided in Section
             424      78A-7-120 .]
             425          [(c) The county shall retain all small claims filing fees including the governmental
             426      filing fee for actions filed by the county as provided in Section 78A-8-105 .]
             427          [(3)] (2) Money received or collected on any civil process or order issued from a justice
             428      court shall be paid within seven days to the party entitled or authorized to receive it.
             429          [(4)] (3) (a) With the approval of the governing body a trust or revolving account may
             430      be established in the name of the justice court and the treasurer for the deposit of money
             431      collected including bail, restitution, unidentified receipts, and other money that requires special
             432      accounting.
             433          (b) Disbursements from this account do not require the approval of the auditor,
             434      recorder, or governing body.
             435          (c) The account shall be reconciled at least quarterly by the auditor of the governing
             436      body.
             437          Section 10. Section 78A-7-201 is amended to read:
             438           78A-7-201. Justice court judge eligibility -- Mandatory retirement.
             439          (1) A justice court judge shall be:
             440          (a) a citizen of the United States;
             441          (b) 25 years of age or older;
             442          (c) a resident of Utah for at least three years immediately preceding his appointment;
             443          (d) a resident of the county in which the court is located or an adjacent county for at
             444      least six months immediately preceding appointment; and
             445          (e) a qualified voter of the county in which the judge resides.
             446          (2) Justice court judges are not required to be admitted to practice law in the state as a
             447      qualification to hold office but shall have at the minimum a diploma of graduation from high
             448      school or its equivalent.
             449          (3) A justice court judge shall be a person who has demonstrated maturity of judgment,


             450      integrity, and the ability to understand and apply appropriate law with impartiality.
             451          (4) Justice court judges shall retire upon attaining the age of 75 years.
             452          [(5) (a) A justice court judge whose tenure in office has terminated due to retirement
             453      and who is physically and mentally able to perform the duties of the office may hear a case as
             454      prescribed by rule of the Supreme Court.]
             455          [(b) The retired justice court judge shall take and subscribe an oath of office only upon
             456      the first appointment. The retired justice court judge shall receive reasonable compensation for
             457      services as set by local ordinance of the municipality or county.]
             458          Section 11. Section 78A-7-202 is amended to read:
             459           78A-7-202. Justice court judges to be appointed -- Procedure.
             460          (1) As used in this section:
             461          (a) "Local government executive" means:
             462          (i) for a county:
             463          (A) the chair of the county commission in a county operating under the county
             464      commission or expanded county commission form of county government;
             465          (B) the county executive in a county operating under the county executive-council form
             466      of county government; and
             467          (C) the county manager in a county operating under the council-manager form of
             468      county government; and
             469          (ii) for a city or town:
             470          (A) the mayor of the city or town; or
             471          (B) the city manager, in the council-manager form of government described in
             472      Subsection 10-3b-103 (6).
             473          (b) "Local legislative body" means:
             474          (i) for a county, the county commission or county council; and
             475          (ii) for a city or town, the council of the city or town.
             476          (2) There is created in each county a county justice court nominating commission to
             477      review applicants and make recommendations to the appointing authority for a justice court


             478      position. The commission shall be convened when a new justice court judge position is created
             479      or when a vacancy in an existing court occurs for a justice court located within the county.
             480          (a) Membership of the justice court nominating commission shall be as follows:
             481          (i) one member appointed by:
             482          (A) the county commission if the county has a county commission form of
             483      government; or
             484          (B) the county executive if the county has an executive-council form of government;
             485          (ii) one member appointed by the municipalities in the counties as follows:
             486          (A) if the county has only one municipality, appointment shall be made by the
             487      governing authority of that municipality; or
             488          (B) if the county has more than one municipality, appointment shall be made by a
             489      municipal selection committee composed of the mayors of each municipality in the county;
             490          (iii) one member appointed by the county bar association; and
             491          (iv) two members appointed by the governing authority of the jurisdiction where the
             492      judicial office is located.
             493          (b) If there is no county bar association, the member in Subsection (2)(a)(iii) shall be
             494      appointed by the regional bar association. If no regional bar association exists, the state bar
             495      association shall make the appointment.
             496          (c) Members appointed under Subsections (2)(a)(i) and (ii) may not be the appointing
             497      authority or an elected official of [the] a county or municipality.
             498          (d) The nominating commission shall submit at least two names to the appointing
             499      authority of the jurisdiction expected to be served by the judge. The local government
             500      executive shall appoint a judge from the list submitted and the appointment ratified by the local
             501      legislative body.
             502          (e) The state court administrator shall provide staff to the commission. The Judicial
             503      Council shall establish rules and procedures for the conduct of the commission.
             504          (3) Judicial vacancies shall be advertised in a newspaper of general circulation, through
             505      the Utah State Bar, and other appropriate means.


             506          (4) Selection of candidates shall be based on compliance with the requirements for
             507      office and competence to serve as a judge.
             508          (5) Once selected, [the Judicial Council shall certify the judge as qualified to hold
             509      office upon successful completion of the orientation program] every prospective justice court
             510      judge shall attend an orientation seminar conducted under the direction of the Judicial Council.
             511      Upon completion of the orientation program, the Judicial Council shall certify the justice court
             512      judge as qualified to hold office.
             513          (6) The selection of a person to fill the office of justice court judge is effective upon
             514      certification of the judge by the Judicial Council. A justice court judge may not perform
             515      judicial duties until certified by the Judicial Council.
             516          [(7) Upon the expiration of a justice court judge's term of office, the judge shall be
             517      subject to an unopposed retention election in accordance with the procedures set forth in
             518      Section 20A-12-201 :]
             519          [(a) in the county or counties in which the court to which the judge is appointed is
             520      located if the judge is a county justice court judge or a municipal justice court judge in a town
             521      or city of the fourth or fifth class; or]
             522          [(b) in the municipality in which the court to which the judge is appointed is located if
             523      the judge is a municipal justice court judge and Subsection (7)(a) does not apply.]
             524          [(8) Before each retention election, each justice court judge shall be evaluated in
             525      accordance with the performance evaluation program established in Title 78A, Chapter 12,
             526      Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission Act.]
             527          [(9) Notwithstanding Subsection (8), each justice court judge who is subject to a
             528      retention election in 2012, 2014, and 2016, and who is not a full-time justice court judge on
             529      July 1, 2012, shall be evaluated by the Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission according
             530      to the following performance standards:]
             531          [(a) have no less than 30 annual hours of continuing legal education for each year of
             532      the justice court judge's current term;]
             533          [(b) have no more than one public reprimand issued by the Judicial Conduct


             534      Commission or the Supreme Court during the justice court judge's current term; and]
             535          [(c) have no cases under advisement for more than two months.]
             536          Section 12. Section 78A-7-203 is amended to read:
             537           78A-7-203. Term of office for justice court judge -- Retention.
             538          (1) The term of a justice court judge is six years beginning the first Monday in January
             539      following the date of election.
             540          [(2) Notwithstanding Section 20A-12-201 , justice court judges holding office or
             541      appointed to fill any vacancy before January 1, 2009 will stand for election in the 2010 general
             542      election, unless a municipal justice court judge chooses not to stand for election.]
             543          [(3) (a) Notwithstanding Section 20A-12-201 , any municipal justice court judge
             544      holding office on January 1, 2009 may serve out their current term if the judge:]
             545          [(i) stands for retention election in 2010, and is not retained in that election; or]
             546          [(ii) chooses not to stand for election in 2010.]
             547          [(b) A vacancy shall then exist in the office on the first Monday in February 2012.]
             548          (2) Upon the expiration of a justice court judge's term of office, the judge shall be
             549      subject to an unopposed retention election in accordance with the procedures set forth in
             550      Section 20A-12-201 :
             551          (a) in the county or counties in which the court to which the judge is appointed is
             552      located if the judge is a county justice court judge or a municipal justice court judge in a town
             553      or city of the fourth or fifth class; or
             554          (b) in the municipality in which the court to which the judge is appointed is located if
             555      the judge is a municipal justice court judge and Subsection (2)(a) does not apply.
             556          (3) Before each retention election, each justice court judge shall be evaluated in
             557      accordance with the performance evaluation program established in Title 78A, Chapter 12,
             558      Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission Act.
             559          (4) Notwithstanding Subsection (3), each justice court judge who is subject to a
             560      retention election in 2012, 2014, and 2016, and who is not a full-time justice court judge on
             561      July 1, 2012, shall be evaluated by the Judicial Performance Evaluation Commission according


             562      to the following performance standards:
             563          (a) the justice court judge shall have at least 30 annual hours of continuing legal
             564      education for each year of the justice court judge's current term;
             565          (b) the justice court judge may not have more than one public reprimand issued by the
             566      Judicial Conduct Commission or the Supreme Court during the justice court judge's current
             567      term; and
             568          (c) the justice court judge may not have had any cases under advisement for more than
             569      two months.
             570          Section 13. Section 78A-7-204 is amended to read:
             571           78A-7-204. Offices of justice court judges.
             572          (1) Justice court judges holding office in:
             573          (a) county precincts are county justice court judges; and
             574          (b) cities or towns are municipal justice court judges.
             575          (2) The county legislative body may establish a single precinct or divide the county
             576      into multiple precincts to create county justice courts for public convenience.
             577          (3) (a) The governing body may [assign] create as many [justice court judges to a court
             578      as] judicial positions as are required for the efficient [judicial] administration of a justice court.
             579          (b) If more than one judge is assigned to a court, [any citations, informations, or
             580      complaints] all filings within that court shall be assigned to the judges at random unless the
             581      governing body has been authorized to create specialized judicial calendars to serve the
             582      interests of justice.
             583          [(4) A municipality or county may contract with any other municipality or
             584      municipalities within the county under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, to
             585      establish a justice court. A justice court established under Title 11, Chapter 13, shall meet the
             586      requirements for certification under Section 78A-7-103 . A justice court established under Title
             587      11, Chapter 13, shall have territorial jurisdiction as if established separately.]
             588          Section 14. Section 78A-7-205 is amended to read:
             589           78A-7-205. Required annual training -- Expenses -- Failure to attend.


             590          [(1) Prior to assuming office all justice court judges shall attend an orientation seminar
             591      conducted under the direction of the Judicial Council.]
             592          [(2)] (1) All justice court judges shall [attend] meet the continuing education
             593      [conducted under the supervision] requirements of the Judicial Council each calendar year.
             594          [(a)] (2) Successful completion of the continuing education requirement includes
             595      instruction regarding competency and understanding of constitutional provisions and laws
             596      relating to the jurisdiction of the court, rules of evidence, and rules of civil and criminal
             597      procedure as indicated by a certificate awarded by the Judicial Council.
             598          [(b) The county or municipality creating and maintaining a justice court shall assume
             599      the expenses of travel, meals, and lodging for the judge to attend education and training
             600      seminars conducted by the Judicial Council.]
             601          [(3) Any judge not obtaining a certificate for two consecutive years may be removed
             602      from office for cause under this section.]
             603          [(4)] (3) The Judicial Council shall [inform the Judicial Conduct Commission of the
             604      names of justice court judges failing to comply with this section] file a formal complaint with
             605      the Judicial Conduct Commission against each justice court judge who does not comply with
             606      this section.
             607          Section 15. Section 78A-7-206 is amended to read:
             608           78A-7-206. Determination of compensation and limits -- Salary survey -- Limits
             609      on secondary employment -- Prohibition on holding political or elected office -- Penalties.
             610          (1) Every justice court judge shall be paid a fixed compensation determined by the
             611      governing body of the respective municipality or county.
             612          (a) The governing body of the municipality or county may not set a full-time justice
             613      court judge's salary at less than 50% nor more than 90% of a district court judge's salary.
             614          (b) The governing body of the municipality or county shall set a part-time justice court
             615      judge's salary as follows:
             616          (i) The governing body shall first determine the full-time salary range outlined in
             617      Subsection (1)(a).


             618          (ii) The caseload of a part-time judge shall be determined by the office of the state
             619      court administrator and expressed as a percentage of the caseload of a full-time judge.
             620          (iii) The judge's salary shall then be determined by applying the percentage determined
             621      in Subsection (1)(b)(ii) against the salary range determined in Subsection (1)(a).
             622          (c) A justice court judge shall receive an annual salary adjustment at least equal to the
             623      average salary adjustment for all county or municipal employees for the jurisdiction served by
             624      the judge.
             625          (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(c), a justice court judge may not receive a salary
             626      greater than 90% of the salary of a district court judge.
             627          (e) A justice court judge employed by more than one entity as a justice court judge,
             628      may not receive a total salary for service as a justice court judge greater than the salary of a
             629      district court judge.
             630          (2) A justice court judge may not appear as an attorney in [any criminal matter in a]
             631      any:
             632          (a) justice court;
             633          (b) criminal matter in any federal, state, or [justice] local court [or appear as an
             634      attorney in any justice court or in any]; or
             635          (c) juvenile court case involving conduct which would be criminal if committed by an
             636      adult.
             637          (3) A justice court judge may not hold any office or employment including contracting
             638      for services in any justice agency of state government or any political subdivision of the state
             639      including law enforcement, prosecution, criminal defense, corrections, or court employment.
             640          (4) A justice court judge may not hold any office in any political party or organization
             641      engaged in any political activity or serve as an elected official in state government or any
             642      political subdivision of the state.
             643          (5) A justice court judge may not own or be employed by any business entity which
             644      regularly litigates in small claims court.
             645          [(6) Any judge who violates this section is subject to removal by the Judicial Conduct


             646      Commission under Title 78A, Chapter 11, Judicial Conduct Commission.]
             647          (6) The Judicial Council shall file a formal complaint with the Judicial Conduct
             648      Commission for each violation of this section.
             649          Section 16. Section 78A-7-208 is amended to read:
             650           78A-7-208. Temporary justice court judge.
             651          [If a justice court judge is absent or disqualified, the appointing authority] When
             652      necessary, the governing body may appoint [another] any senior justice court judge, or justice
             653      court judge currently holding office within the judicial district or in an adjacent county, to serve
             654      as a temporary justice court judge. [A retired justice court judge may also be appointed as a
             655      temporary justice court judge under rule of the Supreme Court.]
             656          Section 17. Section 78A-7-210 is amended to read:
             657           78A-7-210. Justice court judge administrative responsibilities.
             658          (1) Justice court judges shall comply with and ensure that court personnel comply with
             659      applicable county or municipal rules and regulations related to personnel, budgets, and other
             660      administrative functions.
             661          (2) Failure by the judge to comply with applicable administrative county or municipal
             662      rules and regulations may be referred, by the county executive or municipal legislative body, to
             663      the state Justice Court Administrator.
             664          [(3) Compliance with appropriate administrative requirements shall be considered as
             665      part of the Judicial Council's judicial performance evaluation program for justice court judges.]
             666          [(4)] (3) Repeated or willful noncompliance may be referred, by the county executive
             667      or municipal legislative body, to the Judicial Conduct Commission.
             668          Section 18. Section 78A-7-213 is amended to read:
             669           78A-7-213. Trial facilities -- Hours of business.
             670          (1) A justice court judge shall conduct all official court business in a courtroom or
             671      office located in a public facility which is conducive and appropriate to the administration of
             672      justice.
             673          [(2) Each county, city, or town shall provide adequate courtroom and auxiliary space


             674      for the justice court. The facility need not be specifically constructed for or allocated solely for
             675      the justice court if existing facilities adequately serve the purposes of the justice court.]
             676          (2) (a) A county justice court may, at the direction of the county legislative body, hold
             677      justice court anywhere in the county as needed but may only hear cases arising within its
             678      precinct.
             679          (b) A municipal justice court judge shall hold court in the municipality where the court
             680      is located.
             681          (c) Justice courts may also hold court or conduct hearings or court business in any
             682      facility or location authorized by rule of the Judicial Council.
             683          (3) Justice courts shall be open and judicial business shall be transacted:
             684          (a) five days per week; or
             685          (b) no less than four days per week for at least 11 hours per day.
             686          (4) The legislative body of the county, city, or town shall establish operating hours for
             687      the justice courts within the requirements of Subsection (3) and the code of judicial
             688      administration.
             689          (5) The hours the courts are open shall be posted conspicuously at the courts and in
             690      local public buildings.
             691          (6) The clerk of the court and judges of justice courts shall attend the court at regularly
             692      scheduled times.
             693          (7) By July 1, 2011, all justice courts shall use a common case management system and
             694      disposition reporting system as specified by the Judicial Council.
             695          Section 19. Section 78A-7-215 is amended to read:
             696           78A-7-215. Monthly reports to court administrator and governing body.
             697          (1) Every justice court [judge] shall file monthly with the state court administrator a
             698      report of the judicial business of the judge. The report shall be on forms supplied by the state
             699      court administrator.
             700          (2) The report shall state the number of criminal and small claims actions filed, the
             701      dispositions entered, and other information as specified in the forms.


             702          (3) A copy of the report shall be furnished by the justice court [judge to the governing
             703      body in the municipality or county, or] to the person or office in the county, city, or town
             704      designated by the governing body to receive the report.
             705          Section 20. Section 78A-8-101 is amended to read:
             706           78A-8-101. Creation.
             707          There is created a limited jurisdiction division of the district [court] and justice courts
             708      designated small claims court.
             709          Section 21. Repealer.
             710          This bill repeals:
             711          Section 78A-7-104, Justice court judge authority.
             712          Section 78A-7-108, Justice court judge to collect fees before filing action -- Penalty.
             713          Section 78A-7-109, Process to any part of the state -- Service.
             714          Section 78A-7-110, Docket to be kept -- Enumeration of entries required.
             715          Section 78A-7-111, Docket entries -- Prima facie evidence.
             716          Section 78A-7-112, Docket index.
             717          Section 78A-7-113, Delivery of docket and papers to successor.
             718          Section 78A-7-114, Filing and docketing of abstract.
             719          Section 78A-7-115, All papers issued, except subpoenas, to be filled out without
             720      blanks.
             721          Section 78A-7-116, Execution on judgment.
             722          Section 78A-7-117, Judgment not a lien unless so recorded.
             723          Section 78A-7-119, Disposition of money received.
             724          Section 78A-7-209, Justice court staff to be provided.
             725          Section 78A-7-211, Compensation and expenses -- Clerical personnel.
             726          Section 78A-7-214, Laws, ordinances, and reference materials provided by
             727      counties, cities, and towns.


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