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S.B. 235 Enrolled
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill allows a court with a petition for a stalking injunction to take into
11 consideration any minor children the parties may have.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . allows a court to consider the defendant's parental rights when issuing a stalking
15 injunction; and
16 . makes technical corrections.
17 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
19 Other Special Clauses:
21 Utah Code Sections Affected:
23 76-5-106.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 356
24 77-3a-101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
26 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
27 Section 1. Section 76-5-106.5 is amended to read:
28 76-5-106.5. Stalking -- Definitions -- Injunction -- Penalties.
29 (1) As used in this section:
30 (a) "Conviction" means:
31 (i) a verdict or conviction;
32 (ii) a plea of guilty or guilty and mentally ill;
33 (iii) a plea of no contest; or
34 (iv) the acceptance by the court of a plea in abeyance.
35 (b) "Course of conduct" means two or more acts directed at or toward a specific
36 person, including:
37 (i) acts in which the actor follows, monitors, observes, photographs, surveils, threatens,
38 or communicates to or about a person, or interferes with a person's property:
39 (A) directly, indirectly, or through any third party; and
40 (B) by any action, method, device, or means; or
41 (ii) when the actor engages in any of the following acts or causes someone else to
42 engage in any of these acts:
43 (A) approaches or confronts a person;
44 (B) appears at the person's workplace or contacts the person's employer or coworkers;
45 (C) appears at a person's residence or contacts a person's neighbors, or enters property
46 owned, leased, or occupied by a person;
47 (D) sends material by any means to the person or for the purpose of obtaining or
48 disseminating information about or communicating with the person to a member of the person's
49 family or household, employer, coworker, friend, or associate of the person;
50 (E) places an object on or delivers an object to property owned, leased, or occupied by
51 a person, or to the person's place of employment with the intent that the object be delivered to
52 the person; or
53 (F) uses a computer, the Internet, text messaging, or any other electronic means to
54 commit an act that is a part of the course of conduct.
55 (c) "Immediate family" means a spouse, parent, child, sibling, or any other person who
56 regularly resides in the household or who regularly resided in the household within the prior six
58 (d) "Emotional distress" means significant mental or psychological suffering, whether
59 or not medical or other professional treatment or counseling is required.
60 (e) "Reasonable person" means a reasonable person in the victim's circumstances.
61 (f) "Stalking" means an offense as described in Subsection (2) or (3).
62 (g) "Text messaging" means a communication in the form of electronic text or one or
63 more electronic images sent by the actor from a telephone or computer to another person's
64 telephone or computer by addressing the communication to the recipient's telephone number.
65 (2) A person is guilty of stalking who intentionally or knowingly engages in a course of
66 conduct directed at a specific person and knows or should know that the course of conduct
67 would cause a reasonable person:
68 (a) to fear for the person's own safety or the safety of a third person; or
69 (b) to suffer other emotional distress.
70 (3) A person is guilty of stalking who intentionally or knowingly violates:
71 (a) a stalking injunction issued pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 3a, Stalking Injunctions;
73 (b) a permanent criminal stalking injunction issued pursuant to this section.
74 (4) In any prosecution under this section, it is not a defense that the actor:
75 (a) was not given actual notice that the course of conduct was unwanted; or
76 (b) did not intend to cause the victim fear or other emotional distress.
77 (5) An offense of stalking may be prosecuted under this section in any jurisdiction
78 where one or more of the acts that is part of the course of conduct was initiated or caused an
79 effect on the victim.
80 (6) Stalking is a class A misdemeanor:
81 (a) upon the offender's first violation of Subsection (2); or
82 (b) if the offender violated a stalking injunction issued pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 3a,
83 Stalking Injunctions.
84 (7) Stalking is a third degree felony if the offender:
85 (a) has been previously convicted of an offense of stalking;
86 (b) has been previously convicted in another jurisdiction of an offense that is
87 substantially similar to the offense of stalking;
88 (c) has been previously convicted of any felony offense in Utah or of any crime in
89 another jurisdiction which if committed in Utah would be a felony, in which the victim of the
90 stalking offense or a member of the victim's immediate family was also a victim of the
91 previous felony offense;
92 (d) violated a permanent criminal stalking injunction issued pursuant to Subsection (9);
94 (e) has been or is at the time of the offense a cohabitant, as defined in Section
95 78B-7-102 , of the victim.
96 (8) Stalking is a second degree felony if the offender:
97 (a) used a dangerous weapon as defined in Section 76-1-601 or used other means or
98 force likely to produce death or serious bodily injury, in the commission of the crime of
100 (b) has been previously convicted two or more times of the offense of stalking;
101 (c) has been convicted two or more times in another jurisdiction or jurisdictions of
102 offenses that are substantially similar to the offense of stalking;
103 (d) has been convicted two or more times, in any combination, of offenses under
104 Subsection (7)(a), (b), or (c);
105 (e) has been previously convicted two or more times of felony offenses in Utah or of
106 crimes in another jurisdiction or jurisdictions which, if committed in Utah, would be felonies,
107 in which the victim of the stalking was also a victim of the previous felony offenses; or
108 (f) has been previously convicted of an offense under Subsection (7)(d)[
110 (9) (a) A conviction for stalking or a plea accepted by the court and held in abeyance
111 for a period of time serves as an application for a permanent criminal stalking injunction
112 limiting the contact between the defendant and the victim.
113 (b) A permanent criminal stalking injunction shall be issued by the court [
115 give the defendant notice of the right to request a hearing.
116 (c) If the defendant requests a hearing under Subsection (9)(b), it shall be held at the
117 time of the conviction unless the victim requests otherwise, or for good cause.
118 (d) If the conviction was entered in a justice court, a certified copy of the judgment and
119 conviction or a certified copy of the court's order holding the plea in abeyance [
120 filed by the victim in the district court as an application and request for a hearing for a
121 permanent criminal stalking injunction.
122 (10) A permanent criminal stalking injunction [
123 district court granting the following relief where appropriate:
124 (a) an order:
125 (i) restraining the defendant from entering the residence, property, school, or place of
126 employment of the victim; and
127 (ii) requiring the defendant to stay away from the victim [
129 any specified place that is named in the order and is frequented regularly by the victim; [
130 (b) an order restraining the defendant from making contact with or regarding the
131 victim, including an order forbidding the defendant from personally or through an agent
132 initiating any communication, except as provided in Subsection (11), likely to cause annoyance
133 or alarm to the victim, including personal, written, or telephone contact with or regarding the
134 victim, with the victim's employers, employees, coworkers, friends, associates, or others with
135 whom communication would be likely to cause annoyance or alarm to the victim[
136 (c) any other orders the court considers necessary to protect the victim and members of
137 the victim's immediate family or household.
138 (11) If the victim and defendant have minor children together, the court may consider
139 provisions regarding the defendant's exercise of custody and parent-time rights while ensuring
140 the safety of the victim and any minor children. If the court issues a permanent criminal
141 stalking injunction, but declines to address custody and parent-time issues, a copy of the
142 stalking injunction shall be filed in any action in which custody and parent-time issues are
143 being considered and that court may modify the injunction to balance the parties' custody and
144 parent-time rights.
146 injunction may be modified, dissolved, or dismissed only upon application of the victim to the
147 court which granted the injunction.
149 section shall be sent by the court to the statewide warrants network or similar system.
151 effect statewide.
153 third degree felony offense of stalking under Subsection (7).
154 (b) Violations may be enforced in a civil action initiated by the stalking victim, a
155 criminal action initiated by a prosecuting attorney, or both.
157 stalking based on the same act which is the basis for the violation of the stalking injunction
158 issued pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 3a, Stalking Injunctions, or a permanent criminal stalking
160 Section 2. Section 77-3a-101 is amended to read:
161 77-3a-101. Civil stalking injunction -- Petition -- Ex parte injunction.
162 (1) As used in this chapter, "stalking" means the crime of stalking as defined in Section
163 76-5-106.5 . Stalking injunctions may not be obtained against law enforcement officers,
164 governmental investigators, or licensed private investigators, acting in their official capacity.
165 (2) Any person who believes that he or she is the victim of stalking may file a verified
166 written petition for a civil stalking injunction against the alleged stalker with the district court
167 in the district in which the petitioner or respondent resides or in which any of the events
168 occurred. A minor with his or her parent or guardian may file a petition on his or her own
169 behalf, or a parent, guardian, or custodian may file a petition on the minor's behalf.
170 (3) The Administrative Office of the Courts shall develop and adopt uniform forms for
171 petitions, ex parte civil stalking injunctions, civil stalking injunctions, service and any other
172 necessary forms in accordance with the provisions of this chapter on or before July 1, 2001.
173 The office shall provide the forms to the clerk of each district court.
174 (a) All petitions, injunctions, ex parte injunctions, and any other necessary forms shall
175 be issued in the form adopted by the Administrative Office of the Courts.
176 (b) The offices of the court clerk shall provide the forms to persons seeking to proceed
177 under this chapter.
178 (4) The petition for a civil stalking injunction shall include:
179 (a) the name of the petitioner; however, the petitioner's address shall be disclosed to the
180 court for purposes of service, but, on request of the petitioner, the address may not be listed on
181 the petition, and shall be protected and maintained in a separate document or automated
182 database, not subject to release, disclosure, or any form of public access except as ordered by
183 the court for good cause shown;
184 (b) the name and address, if known, of the respondent;
185 (c) specific events and dates of the actions constituting the alleged stalking;
186 (d) if there is a prior court order concerning the same conduct, the name of the court in
187 which the order was rendered; and
188 (e) corroborating evidence of stalking, which may be in the form of a police report,
189 affidavit, record, statement, item, letter, or any other evidence which tends to prove the
190 allegation of stalking.
191 (5) (a) If the court determines that there is reason to believe that an offense of stalking
192 has occurred, an ex parte civil stalking injunction may be issued by the court that includes any
193 of the following:
196 employment, or school of the other party or specifically designated locations or persons;
198 party, including personal, written or telephone contact with the other party, the other party's
199 employers, employees, fellow workers or others with whom communication would be likely to
200 cause annoyance or alarm to the other party; or
202 and other specifically designated persons under the circumstances.
203 (b) If the petitioner and respondent have minor children, the court shall follow the
204 provisions of Section 78B-7-106 and take into consideration the respondent's custody and
205 parent-time rights while ensuring the safety of the victim and the minor children. If the court
206 issues a civil stalking injunction, but declines to address custody and parent-time issues, a copy
207 of the stalking injunction shall be filed in any action in which custody and parent-time issues
208 are being considered.
209 (6) Within 10 days of service of the ex parte civil stalking injunction, the respondent is
210 entitled to request, in writing, an evidentiary hearing on the civil stalking injunction.
211 (a) A hearing requested by the respondent shall be held within 10 days from the date
212 the request is filed with the court unless the court finds compelling reasons to continue the
213 hearing. The hearing shall then be held at the earliest possible time. The burden is on the
214 petitioner to show by a preponderance of the evidence that stalking of the petitioner by the
215 respondent has occurred.
216 (b) An ex parte civil stalking injunction issued under this section shall state on its face:
217 (i) that the respondent is entitled to a hearing, upon written request within 10 days of
218 the service of the order;
219 (ii) the name and address of the district court where the request may be filed;
220 (iii) that if the respondent fails to request a hearing within 10 days of service, the ex
221 parte civil stalking injunction is automatically modified to a civil stalking injunction without
222 further notice to the respondent and that the civil stalking injunction expires three years after
223 service of the ex parte civil stalking injunction; and
224 (iv) that if the respondent requests, in writing, a hearing after the ten-day period after
225 service, the court shall set a hearing within a reasonable time from the date requested.
226 (7) At the hearing, the court may modify, revoke, or continue the injunction. The
227 burden is on the petitioner to show by a preponderance of the evidence that stalking of the
228 petitioner by the respondent has occurred.
229 (8) The ex parte civil stalking injunction and civil stalking injunction shall include the
230 following statement: "Attention. This is an official court order. If you disobey this order, the
231 court may find you in contempt. You may also be arrested and prosecuted for the crime of
232 stalking and any other crime you may have committed in disobeying this order."
233 (9) The ex parte civil stalking injunction shall be served on the respondent within 90
234 days from the date it is signed. An ex parte civil stalking injunction is effective upon service.
235 If no hearing is requested in writing by the respondent within 10 days of service of the ex parte
236 civil stalking injunction, the ex parte civil stalking injunction automatically becomes a civil
237 stalking injunction without further notice to the respondent and expires three years from the
238 date of service of the ex parte civil stalking injunction.
239 (10) If the respondent requests a hearing after the ten-day period after service, the court
240 shall set a hearing within a reasonable time from the date requested. At the hearing, the burden
241 is on the respondent to show good cause why the civil stalking injunction should be dissolved
242 or modified.
243 (11) Within 24 hours after the affidavit or acceptance of service has been returned,
244 excluding weekends and holidays, the clerk of the court from which the ex parte civil stalking
245 injunction was issued shall enter a copy of the ex parte civil stalking injunction and proof of
246 service or acceptance of service in the statewide network for warrants or a similar system.
247 (a) The effectiveness of an ex parte civil stalking injunction or civil stalking injunction
248 shall not depend upon its entry in the statewide system and, for enforcement purposes, a
249 certified copy of an ex parte civil stalking injunction or civil stalking injunction is presumed to
250 be a valid existing order of the court for a period of three years from the date of service of the
251 ex parte civil stalking injunction on the respondent.
252 (b) Any changes or modifications of the ex parte civil stalking injunction are effective
253 upon service on the respondent. The original ex parte civil stalking injunction continues in
254 effect until service of the changed or modified civil stalking injunction on the respondent.
255 (12) Within 24 hours after the affidavit or acceptance of service has been returned,
256 excluding weekends and holidays, the clerk of the court shall enter a copy of the changed or
257 modified civil stalking injunction and proof of service or acceptance of service in the statewide
258 network for warrants or a similar system.
259 (13) The ex parte civil stalking injunction or civil stalking injunction may be dissolved
260 at any time upon application of the petitioner to the court which granted it.
261 (14) The court clerk shall provide, without charge, to the petitioner one certified copy
262 of the injunction issued by the court and one certified copy of the proof of service of the
263 injunction on the respondent. Charges may be imposed by the clerk's office for any additional
264 copies, certified or not certified in accordance with Rule 4-202.08 of the Code of Judicial
266 (15) The remedies provided in this chapter for enforcement of the orders of the court
267 are in addition to any other civil and criminal remedies available. The district court shall hear
268 and decide all matters arising pursuant to this section.
269 (16) After a hearing with notice to the affected party, the court may enter an order
270 requiring any party to pay the costs of the action, including reasonable attorney fees.
271 (17) This chapter does not apply to protective orders or ex parte protective orders
272 issued pursuant to Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act, or to preliminary
273 injunctions issued pursuant to an action for dissolution of marriage or legal separation.
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