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S.B. 51

             1     

STATEWIDE NONDISCRIMINATION PROTECTION

             2     
AMENDMENTS

             3     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Benjamin M. McAdams

             6     
House Sponsor: ____________

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Utah Antidiscrimination Act and Utah Fair Housing Act to
             11      address discrimination, including discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation,
             12      gender identity, or political speech or activity as it relates to employment.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    modifies definition provisions related to employment and housing discrimination,
             16      including defining "gender identity" and "sexual orientation";
             17          .    defines "political speech or activity" for purposes of employment;
             18          .    includes sexual orientation and gender identity as a consideration in appointments to
             19      the Antidiscrimination and Labor Advisory Council;
             20          .    includes sexual orientation and gender identity as a prohibited basis for
             21      discrimination in employment;
             22          .    prohibits political speech or activity as a basis for discrimination in employment;
             23          .    modifies exemptions to the Utah Fair Housing Act;
             24          .    includes sexual orientation and gender identity as a prohibited basis for
             25      discriminatory housing practices; and
             26          .    makes technical and conforming amendments.
             27      Money Appropriated in this Bill:


             28          None
             29      Other Special Clauses:
             30          None
             31      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             32      AMENDS:
             33          34A-5-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 413
             34          34A-5-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 161
             35          34A-5-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 286
             36          34A-5-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 65
             37          34A-5-107, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             38          57-21-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 379
             39          57-21-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 114
             40          57-21-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 366
             41          57-21-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 114
             42          57-21-7, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 114
             43     
             44      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             45          Section 1. Section 34A-5-102 is amended to read:
             46           34A-5-102. Definitions -- Unincorporated entities.
             47          (1) As used in this chapter:
             48          (a) "Apprenticeship" means a program for the training of apprentices including a
             49      program providing the training of those persons defined as apprentices by Section 35A-6-102 .
             50          (b) "Bona fide occupational qualification" means a characteristic applying to an
             51      employee that:
             52          (i) is necessary to the operation of the employee's employer's business; or
             53          (ii) is the essence of the employee's employer's business.
             54          (c) "Court" means:
             55          (i) the district court in the judicial district of the state in which the asserted unfair
             56      employment practice [occurred] occurs; or
             57          (ii) if [this] the district court is not in session at that time, a judge of the court described
             58      in Subsection (1)(c)(i).


             59          (d) "Director" means the director of the division.
             60          (e) "Disability" means a physical or mental disability as defined and covered by the
             61      Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 12102.
             62          (f) "Division" means the Division of Antidiscrimination and Labor.
             63          (g) "Employee" means [any] a person applying with or employed by an employer.
             64          (h) (i) "Employer" means:
             65          (A) the state;
             66          (B) [any] a political subdivision;
             67          (C) a board, commission, department, institution, school district, trust, or agent of the
             68      state or [its] a political [subdivisions] subdivision of the state; or
             69          (D) a person employing 15 or more employees within the state for each working day in
             70      each of 20 calendar weeks or more in the current or preceding calendar year.
             71          (ii) "Employer" does not include:
             72          (A) a religious organization or association;
             73          (B) a religious corporation sole; [or]
             74          (C) [any] a corporation or association constituting a wholly owned subsidiary or
             75      agency of any religious organization or association or religious corporation sole[.]; or
             76          (D) an expressive association if employing an individual would significantly burden
             77      the expressive association's rights of expressive association under decisions of the United
             78      States Supreme Court.
             79          (i) "Employment agency" means [any] a person:
             80          (i) undertaking to procure employees or opportunities to work for any other person; or
             81          (ii) holding the person out to be equipped to take an action described in Subsection
             82      (1)(i)(i).
             83          (j) "Gender identity" means an individual's actual or perceived sense of being male,
             84      female, or transgendered, without regard to the person's physiology. Evidence of an
             85      individual's gender identity includes the individual's gender-related appearance, mannerisms,
             86      and other gender-related characteristics.
             87          [(j)] (k) "Joint apprenticeship committee" means [any] an association of representatives
             88      of a labor organization and an employer providing, coordinating, or controlling an apprentice
             89      training program.


             90          [(k)] (l) "Labor organization" means [any] an organization that exists for the purpose in
             91      whole or in part of:
             92          (i) collective bargaining;
             93          (ii) dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment;
             94      or
             95          (iii) other mutual aid or protection in connection with employment.
             96          [(l)] (m) "National origin" means the place of birth, domicile, or residence of an
             97      individual or of an individual's ancestors.
             98          [(m)] (n) "On-the-job-training program" means [any] a program designed to instruct a
             99      person who, while learning the particular job for which the person is receiving instruction:
             100          (i) is also employed at that job; or
             101          (ii) may be employed by the employer conducting the program during the course of the
             102      program, or when the program is completed.
             103          [(n)] (o) "Person" means:
             104          (i) one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal
             105      representatives, trusts or trustees, receivers[,];
             106          (ii) the state; and [all political subdivisions and agencies]
             107          (iii) a political subdivision or agency of the state.
             108          (p) (i) "Political speech or activity" means an individual's lawful speech or activity
             109      regarding issues of public concern protected by the First Amendment or Utah Constitution,
             110      Article I, Sections 1 and 15.
             111          (ii) "Political speech or activity" includes an individual's opinion manifested in speech
             112      or association, concerning the social, economic, and governmental structure of society and its
             113      institutions.
             114          [(o)] (q) "Presiding officer" means the same as that term is defined in Section
             115      63G-4-103 .
             116          [(p)] (r) "Prohibited employment practice" means a practice specified as
             117      discriminatory, and therefore unlawful, in Section 34A-5-106 .
             118          [(q)] (s) "Retaliate" means the taking of adverse action by an employer, employment
             119      agency, labor organization, apprenticeship program, on-the-job training program, or vocational
             120      school against one of its employees, applicants, or members because the employee, applicant,


             121      or member [has]:
             122          (i) [opposed any] opposes an employment practice prohibited under this chapter; or
             123          (ii) [filed charges, testified, assisted, or participated] files charges, testifies, assists, or
             124      participates in any way in [any] a proceeding, investigation, or hearing under this chapter.
             125          (t) "Sexual orientation" means an individual's actual or perceived orientation as
             126      heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual.
             127          [(r)] (u) "Unincorporated entity" means an entity organized or doing business in the
             128      state that is not:
             129          (i) an individual;
             130          (ii) a corporation; or
             131          (iii) publicly traded.
             132          [(s)] (v) "Vocational school" means [any] a school or institution conducting a course of
             133      instruction, training, or retraining to prepare individuals to follow an occupation or trade, or to
             134      pursue a manual, technical, industrial, business, commercial, office, personal services, or other
             135      nonprofessional occupations.
             136          (2) (a) For purposes of this chapter, an unincorporated entity that is required to be
             137      licensed under Title 58, Chapter 55, Utah Construction Trades Licensing Act, is presumed to
             138      be the employer of each individual who, directly or indirectly, holds an ownership interest in
             139      the unincorporated entity.
             140          (b) Pursuant to rules made by the commission in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3,
             141      Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, an unincorporated entity may rebut the presumption
             142      under Subsection (2)(a) for an individual by establishing by clear and convincing evidence that
             143      the individual:
             144          (i) is an active manager of the unincorporated entity;
             145          (ii) directly or indirectly holds at least an 8% ownership interest in the unincorporated
             146      entity; or
             147          (iii) is not subject to supervision or control in the performance of work by:
             148          (A) the unincorporated entity; or
             149          (B) a person with whom the unincorporated entity contracts.
             150          (c) As part of the rules made under Subsection (2)(b), the commission may define:
             151          (i) "active manager";


             152          (ii) "directly or indirectly holds at least an 8% ownership interest"; and
             153          (iii) "subject to supervision or control in the performance of work."
             154          Section 2. Section 34A-5-104 is amended to read:
             155           34A-5-104. Powers.
             156          (1) (a) The commission has jurisdiction over the subject of employment practices and
             157      discrimination made unlawful by this chapter.
             158          (b) The commission may adopt, publish, amend, and rescind rules, consistent with, and
             159      for the enforcement of this chapter.
             160          (2) The division may:
             161          (a) appoint and prescribe the duties of [investigators and other employees and agents
             162      that it] an investigator, other employee, or agent of the commission that the commission
             163      considers necessary for the enforcement of this chapter;
             164          (b) receive, reject, investigate, and pass upon [complaints] a complaint alleging:
             165          (i) discrimination in:
             166          (A) employment;
             167          (B) an apprenticeship [programs] program;
             168          (C) an on-the-job training [programs; and] program; or
             169          (D) a vocational [schools] school; or
             170          (ii) the existence of a discriminatory or prohibited employment practice by:
             171          (A) a person;
             172          (B) an employer;
             173          (C) an employment agency;
             174          (D) a labor organization;
             175          (E) [the employees or members] an employee or member of an employment agency or
             176      labor organization;
             177          (F) a joint apprenticeship committee; and
             178          (G) a vocational school;
             179          (c) investigate and study the existence, character, causes, and extent of discrimination
             180      [in]:
             181          (i) in one or more of the following in this state:
             182          (A) employment[,];


             183          (B) apprenticeship programs[,];
             184          (C) on-the-job training programs[,]; and
             185          (D) vocational schools [in this state]; and
             186          (ii) by:
             187          [(i)] (A) employers;
             188          [(ii)] (B) employment agencies;
             189          [(iii)] (C) labor organizations;
             190          [(iv)] (D) joint apprenticeship committees; and
             191          [(v)] (E) vocational schools;
             192          (d) formulate one or more plans for the elimination of discrimination by educational or
             193      other means;
             194          (e) hold [hearings upon] a hearing on a complaint made against:
             195          (i) a person;
             196          (ii) an employer;
             197          (iii) an employment agency;
             198          (iv) a labor organization;
             199          (v) [the employees or members] an employee or member of an employment agency or
             200      labor organization;
             201          (vi) a joint apprenticeship committee; or
             202          (vii) a vocational school;
             203          (f) issue one or more publications and reports of investigations and research that:
             204          (i) promote good will among the various racial, religious, and ethnic groups of the
             205      state; and
             206          (ii) minimize or eliminate discrimination in employment because of race, color, sex,
             207      religion, national origin, age, [or] disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity;
             208          (g) prepare and transmit to the governor, at least once each year, reports describing:
             209          (i) [its] the division's proceedings, investigations, and hearings;
             210          (ii) the outcome of those hearings;
             211          (iii) decisions the division [has rendered] renders; and
             212          (iv) the other work performed by the division;
             213          (h) recommend policies to the governor, and submit recommendation to employers,


             214      employment agencies, and labor organizations to implement those policies;
             215          (i) recommend [any] legislation to the governor that the division considers necessary
             216      concerning discrimination because of:
             217          (A) race[,];
             218          (B) sex[,];
             219          (C) color[,];
             220          (D) national origin[,];
             221          (E) religion[,];
             222          (F) age[, or];
             223          (G) disability [to the governor that it considers necessary; and];
             224          (H) sexual orientation; or
             225          (I) gender identity; and
             226          (j) within the limits of [any] appropriations made for its operation, cooperate with other
             227      agencies or organizations, both public and private, in the planning and conducting of
             228      educational programs designed to eliminate discriminatory practices prohibited under this
             229      chapter.
             230          (3) The division shall investigate an alleged discriminatory [practices] practice
             231      involving [officers or employees] an officer or employee of state government if requested to do
             232      so by the Career Service Review Board.
             233          (4) (a) In [any] a hearing held under this chapter, the division may:
             234          (i) subpoena witnesses and compel their attendance at the hearing;
             235          (ii) administer oaths and take the testimony of [any] a person under oath; and
             236          (iii) compel [any] a person to produce for examination [any books, papers] a book,
             237      paper, or other information relating to the matters raised by the complaint.
             238          (b) The division director or a hearing examiner appointed by the division director may
             239      conduct [hearings] a hearing.
             240          (c) If a witness fails or refuses to obey a subpoena issued by the division, the division
             241      may petition the district court to enforce the subpoena.
             242          (d) [In the event] If a witness asserts a privilege against self-incrimination, testimony
             243      and evidence from the witness may be compelled pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 22b, Grants of
             244      Immunity.


             245          Section 3. Section 34A-5-105 is amended to read:
             246           34A-5-105. Antidiscrimination and Labor Advisory Council -- Membership --
             247      Appointment -- Term -- Powers and duties -- Chair.
             248          (1) There is created an Antidiscrimination and Labor Advisory Council consisting of:
             249          (a) 13 voting members appointed by the commissioner as follows:
             250          (i) three employer representatives;
             251          (ii) three employee representatives;
             252          (iii) two representatives of persons who seek to rent or purchase [dwellings] a
             253      dwelling, as defined in Section 57-21-2 ;
             254          (iv) two representatives of persons who:
             255          (A) sell or rent dwellings; and
             256          (B) are subject to Title 57, Chapter 21, Utah Fair Housing Act; and
             257          (v) three representatives of the general public; and
             258          (b) the commissioner or the commissioner's designee as a nonvoting member of the
             259      council.
             260          (2) In making [the appointments] an appointment under Subsection (1), the
             261      commissioner shall consider representation of the following protected classes:
             262          (a) race;
             263          (b) color;
             264          (c) national origin;
             265          (d) [gender] sex;
             266          (e) religion;
             267          (f) age;
             268          (g) persons with disabilities;
             269          (h) sexual orientation;
             270          (i) gender identity;
             271          [(h)] (j) familial status as defined in Section 57-21-2 ; and
             272          [(i)] (k) source of income as defined in Section 57-21-2 .
             273          (3) The division shall provide any necessary staff support for the council.
             274          (4) (a) Except as required by Subsection (4)(b), as terms of current council members
             275      expire, the commissioner shall appoint each new member or reappointed member to a four-year


             276      term.
             277          (b) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (4)(a), the commissioner shall, at
             278      the time of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of
             279      council members are staggered so that approximately half of the council is appointed every two
             280      years.
             281          (5) (a) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the commissioner
             282      shall appoint a replacement [shall be appointed] for the unexpired term.
             283          (b) The commissioner shall terminate the term of a council member who ceases to be
             284      representative as designated by the original appointment.
             285          (6) A member may not receive compensation or benefits for the member's service, but
             286      may receive per diem and travel expenses in accordance with:
             287          (a) Section 63A-3-106 ;
             288          (b) Section 63A-3-107 ; and
             289          (c) rules made by the Division of Finance pursuant to Sections 63A-3-106 and
             290      63A-3-107 .
             291          (7) (a) The advisory council shall:
             292          (i) offer advice on issues requested by:
             293          (A) the commission;
             294          (B) the division; or
             295          (C) the Legislature; and
             296          (ii) make recommendations to the commission and division regarding issues related to:
             297          (A) employment discrimination;
             298          (B) housing discrimination; and
             299          (C) the administration by the commission of:
             300          (I) the provisions of Title 34, Labor in General, that are administered by the
             301      commission;
             302          (II) [Title 34A, Chapter 5, Utah Antidiscrimination Act] this chapter; and
             303          (III) Title 57, Chapter 21, Utah Fair Housing Act.
             304          (b) The council shall [confer] meet at least quarterly for the purpose of advising the
             305      commission, division, and the Legislature regarding issues described in Subsection (7)(a).
             306          (8) (a) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall serve as chair of the


             307      council.
             308          (b) The chair [is charged with the responsibility of calling] shall call the necessary
             309      meetings.
             310          Section 4. Section 34A-5-106 is amended to read:
             311           34A-5-106. Discriminatory or prohibited employment practices -- Permitted
             312      practices.
             313          (1) It is a discriminatory or prohibited employment practice to take [any] an action
             314      described in Subsections (1)(a) through [(f)] (g).
             315          (a) (i) An employer may not refuse to hire, promote, discharge, demote, or terminate
             316      [any] a person, or to retaliate against, harass, or discriminate in matters of compensation or in
             317      terms, privileges, and conditions of employment against [any] a person otherwise qualified,
             318      because of:
             319          (A) race;
             320          (B) color;
             321          (C) sex;
             322          (D) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             323          (E) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older;
             324          (F) religion;
             325          (G) national origin; [or]
             326          (H) disability[.];
             327          (I) sexual orientation; or
             328          (J) gender identity.
             329          (ii) A person may not be considered "otherwise qualified," unless that person possesses
             330      the following required by an employer for any particular job, job classification, or position:
             331          (A) education;
             332          (B) training;
             333          (C) ability, with or without reasonable accommodation;
             334          (D) moral character;
             335          (E) integrity;
             336          (F) disposition to work;
             337          (G) adherence to reasonable rules and regulations; and


             338          (H) other job related qualifications required by an employer.
             339          (iii) [(A)] As used in this chapter, "to discriminate in matters of compensation" means
             340      the payment of differing wages or salaries to employees having substantially equal experience,
             341      responsibilities, and skill for the particular job.
             342          [(B)] (iv) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a)(iii)[(A)]:
             343          [(I)] (A) nothing in this chapter prevents [increases] an increase in pay as a result of
             344      longevity with the employer, if the salary [increases are] increase is uniformly applied and
             345      available to all employees on a substantially proportional basis; and
             346          [(II)] (B) nothing in this section prohibits an employer and employee from agreeing to
             347      a rate of pay or work schedule designed to protect the employee from loss of Social Security
             348      payment or benefits if the employee is eligible for those payments.
             349          (b) An employment agency may not:
             350          (i) refuse to list and properly classify for employment, or refuse to refer an individual
             351      for employment, in a known available job for which the individual is otherwise qualified,
             352      because of:
             353          (A) race;
             354          (B) color;
             355          (C) sex;
             356          (D) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             357          (E) religion;
             358          (F) national origin;
             359          (G) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older; [or]
             360          (H) disability; [or]
             361          (I) sexual orientation; or
             362          (J) gender identity; or
             363          (ii) comply with a request from an employer for referral of [applicants] an applicant for
             364      employment if the request indicates either directly or indirectly that the employer discriminates
             365      in employment on account of:
             366          (A) race;
             367          (B) color;
             368          (C) sex;


             369          (D) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             370          (E) religion;
             371          (F) national origin;
             372          (G) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older; [or]
             373          (H) disability[.];
             374          (I) sexual orientation; or
             375          (J) gender identity.
             376          (c) (i) A labor organization may not for a reason listed in Subsection (1)(c)(ii):
             377          (A) exclude [any] an individual otherwise qualified from full membership rights in the
             378      labor organization[,];
             379          (B) expel the individual from membership in the labor organization[,]; or
             380          (C) otherwise discriminate against or harass [any] a member of the labor
             381      [organization's members] organization in full employment of work opportunity[,] or
             382      representation[, because of:].
             383          (ii) A labor organization may not take an action listed in this Subsection (1)(c) because
             384      of:
             385          [(i)] (A) race;
             386          [(ii)] (B) sex;
             387          [(iii)] (C) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             388          [(iv)] (D) religion;
             389          [(v)] (E) national origin;
             390          [(vi)] (F) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older; [or]
             391          [(vii)] (G) disability[.];
             392          (H) sexual orientation; or
             393          (I) gender identity.
             394          (d) (i) Unless based upon a bona fide occupational qualification, or required by and
             395      given to an agency of government for a security [reasons] reason, an employer, employment
             396      agency, or labor organization may not do the following if the statement, advertisement,
             397      publication, form, or inquiry violates Subsection (1)(d)(ii):
             398          (A) print, [or] circulate, or cause to be printed or circulated, [any] a statement,
             399      advertisement, or publication[,];


             400          (B) use [any] a form of application for employment or membership[,]; or
             401          (C) make [any] an inquiry in connection with prospective employment or membership.
             402          (ii) This Subsection (1)(d) applies to a statement, advertisement, publication, form, or
             403      inquiry that expresses, either directly or indirectly[: (i) any], a limitation, specification, or
             404      discrimination, or the intent to make a limitation, specification, or discrimination as to:
             405          (A) race;
             406          (B) color;
             407          (C) religion;
             408          (D) sex;
             409          (E) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             410          (F) national origin;
             411          (G) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older; [or]
             412          (H) disability;
             413          (I) sexual orientation; or
             414          (J) gender identity.
             415          [(ii) the intent to make any limitation, specification, or discrimination described in
             416      Subsection (1)(d)(i).]
             417          (e) A person, whether or not an employer, an employment agency, a labor organization,
             418      or [the employees or members] an employee or member of an employer, employment agency,
             419      or labor organization, may not:
             420          (i) aid, incite, compel, or coerce the doing of an act defined in this section to be a
             421      discriminatory or prohibited employment practice;
             422          (ii) obstruct or prevent [any] a person from complying with this chapter, or [any] an
             423      order issued under this chapter; or
             424          (iii) attempt, either directly or indirectly, to commit [any] an act prohibited in this
             425      section.
             426          (f) (i) An employer, labor organization, joint apprenticeship committee, or vocational
             427      school, providing, coordinating, or controlling an apprenticeship [programs] program, or
             428      providing, coordinating, or controlling an on-the-job-training [programs] program, instruction,
             429      training, or retraining [programs] program, may not:
             430          (A) deny to, or withhold from, [any] a qualified person, the right to be admitted to, or


             431      participate in [any] an apprenticeship training program, on-the-job-training program, or other
             432      occupational instruction, training, or retraining program because of:
             433          (I) race;
             434          (II) color;
             435          (III) sex;
             436          (IV) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             437          (V) religion;
             438          (VI) national origin;
             439          (VII) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older; [or]
             440          (VIII) disability;
             441          (IX) sexual orientation; or
             442          (X) gender identity;
             443          (B) discriminate against or harass [any] a qualified person in that person's pursuit of
             444      [programs] a program described in Subsection (1)(f)(i)(A)[, or to] because of:
             445          (I) race;
             446          (II) color;
             447          (III) sex;
             448          (IV) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             449          (V) religion;
             450          (VI) national origin;
             451          (VII) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older;
             452          (VIII) disability;
             453          (IX) sexual orientation; or
             454          (X) gender identity;
             455          (C) discriminate against [such] a qualified person in the terms, conditions, or privileges
             456      of [programs] a program described in Subsection (1)(f)(i)(A), because of:
             457          (I) race;
             458          (II) color;
             459          (III) sex;
             460          (IV) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             461          (V) religion;


             462          (VI) national origin;
             463          (VII) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older; [or]
             464          (VIII) disability; [or]
             465          (IX) sexual orientation; or
             466          (X) gender identity; or
             467          [(C)] (D) except as provided in Subsection (1)(f)(ii), print, publish, or cause to be
             468      printed or published, [any] a notice or advertisement relating to employment by the employer,
             469      or membership in or [any] a classification or referral for employment by a labor organization,
             470      or relating to [any] a classification or referral for employment by an employment agency,
             471      indicating [any] a preference, limitation, specification, or discrimination based on:
             472          (I) race;
             473          (II) color;
             474          (III) sex;
             475          (IV) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             476          (V) religion;
             477          (VI) national origin;
             478          (VII) age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older; [or]
             479          (VIII) disability[.];
             480          (IX) sexual orientation; or
             481          (X) gender identity.
             482          (ii) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(f)(i)[(C)](D), if the following is a bona fide
             483      occupational qualification for employment, a notice or advertisement described in Subsection
             484      (1)(f)(i)[(C)](D) may indicate a preference, limitation, specification, or discrimination based
             485      on:
             486          (A) race;
             487          (B) color;
             488          (C) religion;
             489          (D) sex;
             490          (E) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             491          (F) age;
             492          (G) national origin; [or]


             493          (H) disability[.];
             494          (I) sexual orientation; or
             495          (J) gender identity.
             496          (g) Subject to Subsection (7), an employer may not discriminate against an employee
             497      or applicant for employment because of the employee's or applicant's political speech or
             498      activity that occurs off the employer's premises and during nonworking hours.
             499          (2) [Nothing contained in] Subsections (1)(a) through (1)(f) [shall] may not be
             500      construed to prevent:
             501          (a) the termination of employment of an individual who, with or without reasonable
             502      accommodation, is physically, mentally, or emotionally unable to perform the duties required
             503      by that individual's employment;
             504          (b) the variance of insurance premiums or coverage on account of age; or
             505          (c) a restriction on the activities of [individuals licensed by the liquor authority with
             506      respect to persons] a person licensed in accordance with Title 32B, Alcoholic Beverage Control
             507      Act, with respect to an individual who is under 21 years of age.
             508          (3) (a) It is not a discriminatory or prohibited employment practice:
             509          (i) for an employer to hire and employ [employees,] an employee for an employment
             510      agency to classify or refer for employment [any] an individual, for a labor organization to
             511      classify its membership or to classify or refer for employment [any] an individual, or for an
             512      employer, labor organization, or joint labor-management committee controlling an
             513      apprenticeship or other training or retraining [programs] program to admit or employ [any] an
             514      individual in [any such] the program, on the basis of religion, sex, pregnancy, childbirth, or
             515      pregnancy-related conditions, age, national origin, [or] disability, sexual orientation, or gender
             516      identity in those certain instances [where] when religion, sex, pregnancy, childbirth, or
             517      pregnancy-related conditions, age, if the individual is 40 years of age or older, national origin,
             518      [or] disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity is a bona fide occupational qualification
             519      reasonably necessary to the normal operation of that particular business or enterprise;
             520          (ii) for a school, college, university, or other educational institution to hire and employ
             521      [employees] an employee of a particular religion if:
             522          (A) the school, college, university, or other educational institution is, in whole or in
             523      substantial part, owned, supported, controlled, or managed by a particular religious corporation,


             524      association, or society; or
             525          (B) the curriculum of the school, college, university, or other educational institution is
             526      directed toward the propagation of a particular religion; or
             527          (iii) for an employer to give preference in employment to:
             528          (A) the employer's:
             529          (I) spouse;
             530          (II) child; or
             531          (III) son-in-law or daughter-in-law;
             532          (B) [any] a person for whom the employer is or would be liable to furnish financial
             533      support if [those persons] the person were unemployed;
             534          (C) [any] a person to whom the employer during the preceding six months [has
             535      furnished] furnishes more than one-half of total financial support regardless of whether or not
             536      the employer was or is legally obligated to furnish support; or
             537          (D) [any] a person whose education or training [was] is substantially financed by the
             538      employer for a period of two years or more.
             539          (b) Nothing in this chapter applies to [any] a business or enterprise on or near an Indian
             540      reservation with respect to [any] a publicly announced employment practice of the business or
             541      enterprise under which preferential treatment is given to [any] an individual because that
             542      individual is a native American Indian living on or near an Indian reservation.
             543          (c) Nothing in this chapter [shall] may be interpreted to require [any] an employer,
             544      employment agency, labor organization, vocational school, joint labor-management committee,
             545      or apprenticeship program subject to this chapter to grant preferential treatment to [any] an
             546      individual or to [any] a group because of the race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, [or]
             547      disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity of the individual or group on account of an
             548      imbalance [which] that may exist with respect to the total number or percentage of persons of
             549      [any] a race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, [or] disability, sexual orientation, or
             550      gender identity employed by [any] an employer, referred or classified for employment by an
             551      employment agency or labor organization, admitted to membership or classified by [any] a
             552      labor organization, or admitted to or employed in, any apprenticeship or other training
             553      program, in comparison with the total number or percentage of persons of that race, color,
             554      religion, sex, age, national origin, [or] disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity in any


             555      community or county or in the available work force in any community or county.
             556          (4) It is not a discriminatory or prohibited practice with respect to age to observe the
             557      terms of a bona fide seniority system or any bona fide employment benefit plan such as a
             558      retirement, pension, or insurance plan that is not a subterfuge to evade the purposes of this
             559      chapter, except that [no such] an employee benefit plan [shall] may not excuse the failure to
             560      hire an individual.
             561          (5) Notwithstanding Subsection (4), or [any other statutory provision] another statute to
             562      the contrary, a person may not be subject to involuntary termination or retirement from
             563      employment on the basis of age alone, if the individual is 40 years of age or older, except:
             564          (a) under Subsection (6);
             565          (b) under Section 67-5-8 ; and
             566          (c) when age is a bona fide occupational qualification.
             567          (6) Nothing in this section prohibits compulsory retirement of an employee who has
             568      attained at least 65 years of age, and who, for the two-year period immediately before
             569      retirement, is employed in a bona fide executive or a high policymaking position, if:
             570          (a) that employee is entitled to an immediate nonforfeitable annual retirement benefit
             571      from the employee's employer's pension, profit-sharing, savings, or deferred compensation
             572      plan, or any combination of those plans; and
             573          (b) the benefit described in Subsection (6)(a) equals, in the aggregate, at least $44,000.
             574          (7) (a) Subsection (1)(g) does not protect an employee or applicant who engages in
             575      political speech or activity that creates a material conflict of interest with:
             576          (i) a private employer's business related interests; or
             577          (ii) a government employer's government interests.
             578          (b) Subsection (1)(g) does not protect an employee who engages in political speech or
             579      activity that the employee is prohibited from engaging in under state or federal law.
             580          (c) Subsection (1)(g) does not protect an employee or applicant who engages in
             581      political speech or activity if political neutrality is a bona fide occupational qualification.
             582          Section 5. Section 34A-5-107 is amended to read:
             583           34A-5-107. Procedure for aggrieved person to file claim -- Investigations --
             584      Adjudicative proceedings -- Conciliation -- Reconsideration -- Determination.
             585          (1) (a) [Any] A person claiming to be aggrieved by a discriminatory or prohibited


             586      employment practice may, or that person's attorney or agent may, make, sign, and file with the
             587      division a request for agency action.
             588          (b) [Every] A request for agency action shall be verified under oath or affirmation.
             589          (c) A request for agency action made under this section shall be filed within 180 days
             590      after the alleged discriminatory or prohibited employment practice [occurred] occurs.
             591          (d) The division may transfer a request for agency action filed with the division
             592      pursuant to this section to the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in
             593      accordance with [the provisions of any] a work-share agreement that is:
             594          (i) between the division and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; and
             595          (ii) in effect on the day on which the request for agency action is transferred.
             596          (2) [Any] An employer, labor organization, joint apprenticeship committee, or
             597      vocational school who has an employee or member who refuses or threatens to refuse to
             598      comply with this chapter may file with the division a request for agency action asking the
             599      division for assistance to obtain the employee's or member's compliance by conciliation or
             600      other remedial action.
             601          (3) (a) Before a hearing is set or held as part of any adjudicative proceeding, the
             602      division shall promptly assign an investigator to attempt a settlement between the parties by
             603      conference, conciliation, or persuasion.
             604          (b) If no settlement is reached, the investigator shall make a prompt impartial
             605      investigation of all allegations made in the request for agency action.
             606          (c) The division and its staff, agents, and employees:
             607          (i) shall conduct every investigation in fairness to all parties and agencies involved;
             608      and
             609          (ii) may not attempt a settlement between the parties if it is clear that no discriminatory
             610      or prohibited employment practice has occurred.
             611          (d) An aggrieved party may withdraw the request for agency action prior to the
             612      issuance of a final order.
             613          (4) (a) If the initial attempts at settlement are unsuccessful, and the investigator
             614      uncovers insufficient evidence during the investigation to support the allegations of a
             615      discriminatory or prohibited employment practice set out in the request for agency action, the
             616      investigator shall formally report these findings to the director or the director's designee.


             617          (b) Upon receipt of the investigator's report described in Subsection (4)(a), the director
             618      or the director's designee may issue a determination and order for dismissal of the adjudicative
             619      proceeding.
             620          (c) A party may make a written request to the Division of Adjudication for an
             621      evidentiary hearing to review de novo the director's or the director's designee's determination
             622      and order within 30 days of the date the determination and order for dismissal is issued.
             623          (d) If the director or the director's designee receives no timely request for a hearing, the
             624      determination and order issued by the director or the director's designee becomes the final order
             625      of the commission.
             626          (5) (a) If the initial attempts at settlement are unsuccessful and the investigator
             627      uncovers sufficient evidence during the investigation to support the allegations of a
             628      discriminatory or prohibited employment practice set out in the request for agency action, the
             629      investigator shall formally report these findings to the director or the director's designee.
             630          (b) (i) Upon receipt of the investigator's report described in Subsection (5)(a), the
             631      director or the director's designee may issue a determination and order based on the
             632      investigator's report.
             633          (ii) A determination and order issued under this Subsection (5)(b) shall:
             634          (A) direct the respondent to cease any discriminatory or prohibited employment
             635      practice; and
             636          (B) provide relief to the aggrieved party as the director or the director's designee
             637      determines is appropriate.
             638          (c) A party may file a written request to the Division of Adjudication for an evidentiary
             639      hearing to review de novo the director's or the director's designee's determination and order
             640      within 30 days of the date the determination and order is issued.
             641          (d) If the director or the director's designee receives no timely request for a hearing, the
             642      determination and order issued by the director or the director's designee in accordance with
             643      Subsection (5)(b) becomes the final order of the commission.
             644          (6) In [any] an adjudicative proceeding to review the director's or the director's
             645      designee's determination that a prohibited employment practice has occurred, the division shall
             646      present the factual and legal basis of the determination or order issued under Subsection (5).
             647          (7) (a) [Prior to] Before the commencement of an evidentiary hearing:


             648          (i) the party filing the request for agency action may reasonably and fairly amend any
             649      allegation; and
             650          (ii) the respondent may amend its answer.
             651          (b) An amendment permitted under this Subsection (7) may be made:
             652          (i) during or after a hearing; and
             653          (ii) only with permission of the presiding officer.
             654          (8) (a) If, upon all the evidence at a hearing, the presiding officer finds that a
             655      respondent has not engaged in a discriminatory or prohibited employment practice, the
             656      presiding officer shall issue an order dismissing the request for agency action containing the
             657      allegation of a discriminatory or prohibited employment practice.
             658          (b) The presiding officer may order that the respondent be reimbursed by the
             659      complaining party for the respondent's [attorneys'] attorney fees and costs.
             660          (9) If upon all the evidence at the hearing, the presiding officer finds that a respondent
             661      has engaged in a discriminatory or prohibited employment practice, the presiding officer shall
             662      issue an order requiring the respondent to:
             663          (a) cease [any] a discriminatory or prohibited employment practice; and
             664          (b) provide relief to the complaining party, including:
             665          (i) reinstatement;
             666          (ii) back pay and benefits;
             667          (iii) [attorneys'] attorney fees; and
             668          (iv) costs.
             669          (10) Conciliation between the parties is to be urged and facilitated at all stages of the
             670      adjudicative process.
             671          (11) (a) Either party may file with the Division of Adjudication a written request for
             672      review before the commissioner or Appeals Board of the order issued by the presiding officer
             673      in accordance with:
             674          (i) Section 63G-4-301 ; and
             675          (ii) Chapter 1, Part 3, Adjudicative Proceedings.
             676          (b) If there is no timely request for review, the order issued by the presiding officer
             677      becomes the final order of the commission.
             678          (12) An order of the commission under Subsection (11)(a) is subject to judicial review


             679      as provided in:
             680          (a) Section 63G-4-403 ; and
             681          (b) Chapter 1, Part 3, Adjudicative Proceedings.
             682          (13) The commission [shall have authority to] may make rules concerning procedures
             683      under this chapter in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking
             684      Act.
             685          (14) The commission and its staff may not divulge or make public [any] information
             686      gained from [any] an investigation, settlement negotiation, or proceeding before the
             687      commission except as provided in Subsections (14)(a) through (d).
             688          (a) Information used by the director or the director's designee in making [any] a
             689      determination may be provided to all interested parties for the purpose of preparation for and
             690      participation in proceedings before the commission.
             691          (b) General statistical information may be disclosed provided the identities of the
             692      individuals or parties are not disclosed.
             693          (c) Information may be disclosed for inspection by the attorney general or other legal
             694      representatives of the state or the commission.
             695          (d) Information may be disclosed for information and reporting requirements of the
             696      federal government.
             697          (15) The procedures contained in this section are the exclusive remedy under state law
             698      for employment discrimination based upon:
             699          (a) race;
             700          (b) color;
             701          (c) sex;
             702          (d) retaliation;
             703          (e) pregnancy, childbirth, or pregnancy-related conditions;
             704          (f) age;
             705          (g) religion;
             706          (h) national origin; [or]
             707          (i) disability[.];
             708          (j) sexual orientation; or
             709          (k) gender identity.


             710          (16) (a) The commencement of an action under federal law for relief based upon [any]
             711      an act prohibited by this chapter bars the commencement or continuation of [any] an
             712      adjudicative proceeding before the commission in connection with the same [claims] claim
             713      under this chapter.
             714          (b) The transfer of a request for agency action to the Equal Employment Opportunity
             715      Commission in accordance with Subsection (1)(d) is considered the commencement of an
             716      action under federal law for purposes of Subsection (16)(a).
             717          (c) Nothing in this Subsection (16) is intended to alter, amend, modify, or impair the
             718      exclusive remedy provision set forth in Subsection (15).
             719          Section 6. Section 57-21-2 is amended to read:
             720           57-21-2. Definitions.
             721          As used in this chapter:
             722          (1) "Aggrieved person" includes [any] a person who:
             723          (a) claims to have been injured by a discriminatory housing practice; or
             724          (b) believes that the person will be injured by a discriminatory housing practice that is
             725      about to occur.
             726          (2) "Commission" means the Labor Commission.
             727          (3) "Complainant" means an aggrieved person, including the director, who has
             728      commenced a complaint with the division.
             729          (4) "Conciliation" means the attempted resolution of [issues] an issue raised [by] in a
             730      complaint of discriminatory housing practices by the investigation of the complaint through
             731      informal negotiations involving the complainant, the respondent, and the division.
             732          (5) "Conciliation agreement" means a written agreement setting forth the resolution of
             733      the issues in conciliation.
             734          (6) "Conciliation conference" means the attempted resolution of [issues] an issue raised
             735      [by] in a complaint [or] by the investigation of a complaint through informal negotiations
             736      involving the complainant, the respondent, and the division. The conciliation conference is not
             737      subject to Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
             738          (7) "Covered multifamily [dwellings"] dwelling" means:
             739          (a) buildings consisting of four or more dwelling units if the buildings have one or
             740      more elevators; and


             741          (b) ground floor units in other buildings consisting of four or more dwelling units.
             742          (8) "Director" means the director of the division or a designee.
             743          (9) (a) "Disability" means a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one
             744      or more of a person's major life activities, including a person having a record of such an
             745      impairment or being regarded as having such an impairment.
             746          (b) "Disability" does not include current illegal use of, or addiction to, any federally
             747      controlled substance, as defined in Section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C.
             748      Sec. 802.
             749          (10) "Discriminate" includes segregate or separate.
             750          (11) "Discriminatory housing practice" means an act that is unlawful under this
             751      chapter.
             752          (12) "Division" means the Division of Antidiscrimination and Labor established under
             753      the commission.
             754          (13) [(a)] "Dwelling" means [any]:
             755          (a) a building or structure, or a portion of a building or structure, occupied as, [or]
             756      designed as, or intended for occupancy as, a residence of one or more families[.]; or
             757          (b) ["Dwelling" also includes] vacant land that is offered for sale or lease for the
             758      construction or location of a dwelling as described in Subsection (13)(a).
             759          (14) (a) "Familial status" means one or more individuals who have not attained the age
             760      of 18 years being domiciled with:
             761          (i) a parent or another person having legal custody of the [individual] one or more
             762      individuals; or
             763          (ii) the designee of the parent or other person having custody, with the written
             764      permission of the parent or other person.
             765          (b) The protections afforded against discrimination on the basis of familial status [shall
             766      apply to any] applies to a person who:
             767          (i) is pregnant;
             768          (ii) is in the process of securing legal custody of any individual who has not attained
             769      the age of 18 years; or
             770          (iii) is a single individual.
             771          (15) "Gender identity" means an individual's actual or perceived sense of being male,


             772      female, or transgendered, without regard to the person's physiology. Evidence of an
             773      individual's gender identity includes the individual's gender-related appearance, mannerisms,
             774      and other gender-related characteristics.
             775          [(15)] (16) "National origin" means the place of birth of an individual or of any lineal
             776      ancestors.
             777          [(16)] (17) "Person" includes one or more:
             778          (a) individuals[,];
             779          (b) corporations[,];
             780          (c) limited liability companies[,];
             781          (d) partnerships[,];
             782          (e) associations[,];
             783          (f) labor organizations[,];
             784          (g) legal representatives[,];
             785          (h) mutual companies[,];
             786          (i) joint-stock companies[,];
             787          (j) trusts[,];
             788          (k) unincorporated organizations[,];
             789          (l) trustees[,];
             790          (m) trustees in cases under the United States Bankruptcy Code[,];
             791          (n) receivers[,]; and
             792          (o) fiduciaries.
             793          [(17)] (18) "Presiding officer" has the same meaning as provided in Section
             794      63G-4-103 .
             795          [(18)] (19) "Real estate broker" or "salesperson" means a principal broker, an associate
             796      broker, or a sales agent as those terms are defined in Section 61-2f-102 .
             797          [(19)] (20) "Respondent" means a person against whom a complaint of housing
             798      discrimination has been initiated.
             799          [(20)] (21) "Sex" means gender and includes pregnancy, childbirth, and disabilities
             800      related to pregnancy or childbirth.
             801          (22) "Sexual orientation" means an individual's actual or perceived orientation as
             802      heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual.


             803          [(21)] (23) "Source of income" means the verifiable condition of being a recipient of
             804      federal, state, or local assistance, including medical assistance, or of being a tenant receiving
             805      federal, state, or local subsidies, including rental assistance or rent supplements.
             806          Section 7. Section 57-21-3 is amended to read:
             807           57-21-3. Exemptions.
             808          (1) This chapter does not apply to [any] a single-family dwelling unit sold or rented by
             809      its owner if:
             810          (a) the owner is not a partnership, association, corporation, or other business entity;
             811          (b) the owner does not own [any] an interest in four or more single-family dwelling
             812      units held for sale or lease at the same time;
             813          (c) during a 24-month period, the owner does not sell two or more single-family
             814      dwelling units in which the owner was not residing or was not the most recent resident at the
             815      time of sale;
             816          (d) the owner does not retain or use the facilities or services of [any] a real estate
             817      broker or salesperson; and
             818          (e) the owner does not use [any] a discriminatory housing practice under Subsection
             819      57-21-5 (2) in the sale or rental of the dwelling.
             820          (2) This chapter does not apply to a temporary or permanent residence facility operated
             821      by a nonprofit [or] organization, a charitable organization, or a person in conjunction with a
             822      religious organization, including [any] a dormitory operated by a public or private educational
             823      institution, if the discrimination is by sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or familial status:
             824          (a) for reasons of personal modesty or privacy; or
             825          (b) in the furtherance of a religious institution's free exercise of religious rights under
             826      the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.
             827          (3) This chapter, except for Subsection 57-21-5 (2), does not apply to the rental of a
             828      room in [the] a single family dwelling by an owner-occupant of [a] the single-family dwelling
             829      to another person if:
             830          (a) the dwelling is designed for occupancy by four or fewer families[,]; and
             831          (b) the owner-occupant resides in one of the units.
             832          (4) [This] Unless membership in a religion is restricted by race, color, sex, or national
             833      origin, sexual orientation, or gender identity, this chapter does not prohibit a religious


             834      organization, association, or society, or [any] a nonprofit institution or organization operated,
             835      supervised, or controlled by or in conjunction with a religious organization, association, or
             836      society, from:
             837          (a) limiting the sale, rental, or occupancy of dwellings it owns or operates for primarily
             838      noncommercial purposes to persons of the same religion[,]; or [from]
             839          (b) giving preference to [such] persons[, unless membership in the religion is restricted
             840      by race, color, sex, or national origin] of the same religion.
             841          (5) [This] (a) If the conditions of Subsection (5)(b) are met, this chapter does not
             842      prohibit a private club not open to the public, including [fraternities and sororities] a fraternity
             843      or sorority associated with [institutions] an institution of higher education, from:
             844          (i) limiting the rental or occupancy of lodgings to members; or [from]
             845          (ii) giving preference to its members[, but].
             846          (b) This Subsection (5) applies only if [it] a private club owns or operates the lodgings
             847      as an incident to its primary purpose and not for a commercial purpose.
             848          (6) This chapter does not prohibit distinctions based on inability to fulfill the terms and
             849      conditions, including financial obligations, of:
             850          (a) a lease[,];
             851          (b) a rental agreement[,];
             852          (c) a contract of purchase or sale[,];
             853          (d) a mortgage[,];
             854          (e) a trust deed[, or other]; or
             855          (f) another financing agreement.
             856          (7) This chapter does not prohibit [any] a nonprofit educational institution from:
             857          (a) requiring its single students to live in housing approved, operated, or owned by the
             858      nonprofit educational institution;
             859          (b) segregating housing that the nonprofit educational institution approves, operates, or
             860      owns on the basis of sex or familial status or both:
             861          (i) for reasons of personal modesty or privacy[,]; or
             862          (ii) in the furtherance of a religious institution's free exercise of religious rights under
             863      the First Amendment of the [United States] Constitution of the United States; or
             864          (c) otherwise assisting [others] another person in making sex-segregated housing


             865      available to students as may be permitted by regulations implementing the federal Fair Housing
             866      Amendments Act of 1988 and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.
             867          (8) This chapter does not prohibit [any] a reasonable local, state, or federal
             868      [restrictions] restriction regarding the maximum number of occupants permitted to occupy a
             869      dwelling.
             870          (9) [The provisions pertaining] A provision of this chapter that pertains to familial
             871      status [do] does not apply to the existence, development, sale, rental, advertisement, or
             872      financing of [any] an apartment complex, condominium, or other housing development
             873      designated as housing for older persons, as defined by Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of
             874      1968, as amended.
             875          Section 8. Section 57-21-5 is amended to read:
             876           57-21-5. Discriminatory practices enumerated -- Protected persons, classes
             877      enumerated.
             878          (1) It is a discriminatory housing practice to do any of the following because of a
             879      person's race, color, religion, sex, national origin, familial status, source of income, [or]
             880      disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity:
             881          (a) (i) refuse to sell or rent after the making of a bona fide offer[,];
             882          (ii) refuse to negotiate for the sale or rental[,]; or
             883          (iii) otherwise deny or make unavailable [any] a dwelling from any person;
             884          (b) discriminate against [any] a person in the terms, conditions, or privileges:
             885          (i) of the sale or rental of [any] a dwelling; or
             886          (ii) in providing facilities or services in connection with the dwelling; or
             887          (c) represent to [any] a person that [any] a dwelling is not available for inspection, sale,
             888      or rental when [in fact] the dwelling is available.
             889          (2) It is a discriminatory housing practice:
             890          (a) to:
             891          (i) make a representation orally or in writing; [or]
             892          (ii) make, print, circulate, publish, post, or cause to be made, printed, circulated,
             893      published, or posted [any] a notice, statement, or advertisement[,]; or [to]
             894          (iii) use any application form for the sale or rental of a dwelling[, that]; and
             895          (b) if the action described in Subsection (2)(a) directly or indirectly expresses [any]:


             896          (i) a preference, limitation, or discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex,
             897      national origin, familial status, source of income, [or] disability, sexual orientation, or gender
             898      identity; or [expresses any]
             899          (ii) an intent to make [any such] a preference, limitation, or discrimination described in
             900      Subsection (2)(b)(i).
             901          (3) It is a discriminatory housing practice to induce or attempt to induce, for profit,
             902      [any] a person to buy, sell, or rent [any] a dwelling by making [representations] a
             903      representation about the entry or prospective entry into the neighborhood of one or more
             904      persons of a particular race, color, religion, sex, national origin, familial status, source of
             905      income, [or] disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity.
             906          (4) A discriminatory housing practice includes:
             907          (a) a refusal to permit, at the expense of the person with a disability, reasonable
             908      modifications of existing premises occupied or to be occupied by the person if the
             909      modifications are necessary to afford that person full enjoyment of the premises, except that in
             910      the case of a rental, the landlord, where it is reasonable to do so, may condition permission for
             911      a modification on the renter agreeing to restore the interior of the premises, when reasonable, to
             912      the condition that existed before the modification, reasonable wear and tear excepted;
             913          (b) a refusal to make a reasonable [accommodations in rules, policies, practices, or
             914      services when the accommodations] accommodation in a rule, policy, practice, or service if the
             915      accommodation may be necessary to afford the person equal opportunity to use and enjoy a
             916      dwelling; and
             917          (c) in connection with the design and construction of covered multifamily dwellings for
             918      first occupancy after March 13, 1991, a failure to design and construct [those] the covered
             919      multifamily dwellings in a manner that:
             920          (i) the covered multifamily dwellings have at least one building entrance on an
             921      accessible route, unless it is impracticable to have one because of the terrain or unusual
             922      characteristics of the site; and
             923          (ii) with respect to covered multifamily dwellings with a building entrance on an
             924      accessible route:
             925          (A) the public use and common use portions of the covered multifamily dwelling are
             926      readily accessible to and usable by a person with a disability;


             927          (B) all the doors designed to allow passage into and within the covered multifamily
             928      dwellings are sufficiently wide to allow passage by a person with a disability who is in a
             929      wheelchair; and
             930          (C) all premises within these covered multifamily dwellings contain the following
             931      features of adaptive design:
             932          (I) an accessible route into and through the covered multifamily dwelling;
             933          (II) light switches, electrical outlets, thermostats, and other environmental controls in
             934      accessible locations;
             935          (III) reinforcements in the bathroom walls to allow later installation of grab bars; and
             936          (IV) kitchens and bathrooms such that an individual in a wheelchair can maneuver
             937      about and use the space.
             938          (5) This section also applies to discriminatory housing practices because of race, color,
             939      religion, sex, national origin, familial status, source of income, [or] disability, sexual
             940      orientation, or gender identity based upon a person's association with another person.
             941          Section 9. Section 57-21-6 is amended to read:
             942           57-21-6. Discriminatory housing practices regarding residential real
             943      estate-related transactions -- Discriminatory housing practices regarding the provisions
             944      of brokerage services.
             945          (1) (a) It is a discriminatory housing practice for [any] a person whose business
             946      includes engaging in residential real estate-related transactions to discriminate against [any] a
             947      person in making available [such] a residential real estate-related transaction, or in the terms or
             948      conditions of the residential real estate-related transaction, because of race, color, religion, sex,
             949      disability, familial status, source of income, [or] national origin, sexual orientation, or gender
             950      identity.
             951          (b) Residential real estate-related transactions include:
             952          [(a)] (i) making or purchasing loans or providing other financial assistance:
             953          [(i)] (A) for purchasing, constructing, improving, repairing, or maintaining a dwelling;
             954      or
             955          [(ii)] (B) secured by residential real estate; or
             956          [(b)] (ii) selling, brokering, or appraising residential real property.
             957          (2) It is a discriminatory housing practice to, because of race, color, religion, sex,


             958      disability, familial status, source of income, national origin, sexual orientation, or gender
             959      identity:
             960          (a) deny [any] a person access to, or membership or participation in, [any] a
             961      multiple-listing service, real estate brokers' organization, or other service, organization, or
             962      facility relating to the business of selling or renting dwellings; or [to]
             963          (b) discriminate against [any] a person in the terms or conditions of access,
             964      membership, or participation in the organization, service, or facility [because of race, color,
             965      religion, sex, disability, familial status, source of income, or national origin].
             966          (3) This section also applies to a discriminatory housing [practices] practice because of
             967      race, color, religion, sex, national origin, familial status, source of income, [or] disability,
             968      sexual orientation, or gender identity based upon a person's association with another person.
             969          Section 10. Section 57-21-7 is amended to read:
             970           57-21-7. Prohibited conduct -- Aiding or abetting in discriminatory actions --
             971      Obstruction of division investigation -- Reprisals.
             972          (1) It is a discriminatory housing practice to do any of the following:
             973          (a) coerce, intimidate, threaten, or interfere with [any] a person:
             974          (i) in the exercise or enjoyment of [any] a right granted or protected under this chapter;
             975          (ii) because that person exercised [any] a right granted or protected under this chapter;
             976      or
             977          (iii) because that person aided or encouraged any other person in the exercise or
             978      enjoyment of [any] a right granted or protected under this chapter;
             979          (b) aid, abet, incite, compel, or coerce a person to engage in [any of the practices] a
             980      practice prohibited by this chapter;
             981          (c) attempt to aid, abet, incite, compel, or coerce a person to engage in [any of the
             982      practices] a practice prohibited by this chapter;
             983          (d) obstruct or prevent [any] a person from complying with this chapter, or any order
             984      issued under this chapter;
             985          (e) resist, prevent, impede, or interfere with the director or [any] a division [employees
             986      or representatives] employee or representative in the performance of duty under this chapter; or
             987          (f) engage in any reprisal against [any] a person because that person:
             988          (i) opposed a practice prohibited under this chapter; or


             989          (ii) filed a complaint, testified, assisted, or participated in any manner in [any] an
             990      investigation, proceeding, or hearing under this chapter.
             991          (2) This section also applies to discriminatory housing practices because of race, color,
             992      religion, sex, national origin, familial status, source of income, [or] disability, sexual
             993      orientation, or gender identity based upon a person's association with another person.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-31-12 11:19 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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