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S.B. 168

             1     

UNIFORM DISPOSITION OF COMMUNITY PROPERTY

             2     
RIGHTS AT DEATH ACT

             3     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

             6     
House Sponsor: V. Lowry Snow

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill enacts the Uniform Disposition of Community Property Rights at Death Act.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    enacts the Uniform Disposition of Community Property Rights at Death Act;
             14          .    defines property subject to the act;
             15          .    provides rebuttable presumptions for the court in determining applicability; and
             16          .    protects purchasers and lenders who might have a security interest in property
             17      subject to the act.
             18      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          None
             22      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             23      ENACTS:
             24          75-2b-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             25          75-2b-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             26          75-2b-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             27          75-2b-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             28          75-2b-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29          75-2b-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             30          75-2b-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31          75-2b-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32          75-2b-109, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33          75-2b-110, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34          75-2b-111, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35     
             36      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             37          Section 1. Section 75-2b-101 is enacted to read:
             38     
CHAPTER 2b. UNIFORM DISPOSITION OF COMMUNITY

             39     
PROPERTY RIGHTS AT DEATH ACT

             40          75-2b-101. Title.
             41          This chapter is known as the "Uniform Disposition of Community Property Rights at
             42      Death Act."
             43          Section 2. Section 75-2b-102 is enacted to read:
             44          75-2b-102. Application.
             45          This chapter applies to the disposition at death of the following property acquired by a
             46      married person:
             47          (1) all personal property, wherever situated:
             48          (a) which was acquired as or became, and remained, community property under the
             49      laws of another jurisdiction;
             50          (b) all or the proportionate part of that property acquired with the rents, issues, or
             51      income of, or the proceeds from, or in exchange for, that community property; or
             52          (c) traceable to that community property; and
             53          (2) all or the proportionate part of any real property situated in this state which was
             54      acquired with the rents, issues or income of, the proceeds from, or in exchange for, property
             55      acquired as or which became, and remained, community property under the laws of another
             56      jurisdiction, or property traceable to that community property.
             57          Section 3. Section 75-2b-103 is enacted to read:
             58          75-2b-103. Rebuttable presumptions.


             59          In determining whether this chapter applies to specific property, the following
             60      rebuttable presumptions apply:
             61          (1) property acquired during marriage by a spouse of that marriage while domiciled in
             62      a jurisdiction under whose laws property could then be acquired as community property, is
             63      presumed to have been acquired as or to have become, and remained, property to which this
             64      chapter applies; and
             65          (2) real property situated in this state and personal property wherever situated acquired
             66      by a married person while domiciled in a jurisdiction under whose laws property could not then
             67      be acquired as community property, title to which was taken in a form which created rights of
             68      survivorship, is presumed not to be property to which this chapter applies.
             69          Section 4. Section 75-2b-104 is enacted to read:
             70          75-2b-104. Disposition upon death.
             71          Upon the death of a married person, 1/2 of the property to which this chapter applies is
             72      the property of the surviving spouse and is not subject to testamentary disposition by the
             73      decedent or distribution under the laws of succession of this state. One-half of that property is
             74      the property of the decedent and is subject to testamentary disposition or distribution under the
             75      laws of succession of this state. With respect to property to which this chapter applies, the 1/2
             76      of the property which is the property of the decedent is not subject to the surviving spouse's
             77      right to elect against the will and no estate of dower or curtesy exists in the property of the
             78      decedent.
             79          Section 5. Section 75-2b-105 is enacted to read:
             80          75-2b-105. Perfection of title of surviving spouse.
             81          If the title to any property to which this chapter applies was held by the decedent at the
             82      time of death, title of the surviving spouse may be perfected by an order of the court or by
             83      execution of an instrument by the personal representative or the heirs or devisees of the
             84      decedent with the approval of the court. Any action to perfect title shall be brought by the
             85      surviving spouse or the surviving spouse's successors in interest within four months after
             86      written notification is received from the decedent's personal representative, or the successor
             87      trustee of the decedent's revocable trust, informing the surviving spouse of the limitations
             88      period. Neither the personal representative nor the court in which the decedent's estate is being
             89      administered has a duty to discover or attempt to discover whether property held by the


             90      decedent is property to which this chapter applies, unless a written demand is made by the
             91      surviving spouse or the spouse's successor in interest.
             92          Section 6. Section 75-2b-106 is enacted to read:
             93          75-2b-106. Perfection of title of personal representative, heir or devisee.
             94          If the title to any property to which this chapter applies is held by the surviving spouse
             95      at the time of the decedent's death, the personal representative or an heir or devisee of the
             96      decedent may institute an action to perfect title to the property. The personal representative has
             97      no fiduciary duty to discover or attempt to discover whether any property held by the surviving
             98      spouse is property to which this chapter applies, unless a written demand is made by an heir,
             99      devisee, or creditor of the decedent.
             100          Section 7. Section 75-2b-107 is enacted to read:
             101          75-2b-107. Purchaser for value or lender.
             102          (1) If a surviving spouse has apparent title to property to which this chapter applies, a
             103      purchaser for value or a lender taking a security interest in the property, takes the purchaser or
             104      lender's interest in the property free of any rights of the personal representative or an heir or
             105      devisee of the decedent.
             106          (2) If a personal representative or an heir or devisee of the decedent has apparent title
             107      to property to which this chapter applies, a purchaser for value or a lender taking a security
             108      interest in the property takes the purchaser or lender's interest in the property free of any rights
             109      of the surviving spouse.
             110          (3) A purchaser for value or a lender need not inquire whether a vendor or borrower
             111      acted properly.
             112          (4) The proceeds of a sale or creation of a security interest shall be treated in the same
             113      manner as the property transferred to the purchaser for value or a lender.
             114          Section 8. Section 75-2b-108 is enacted to read:
             115          75-2b-108. Creditor's rights.
             116          This chapter does not affect rights of creditors with respect to property to which this
             117      chapter applies.
             118          Section 9. Section 75-2b-109 is enacted to read:
             119          75-2b-109. Acts of married persons.
             120          This chapter does not prevent married persons from severing or altering their interests


             121      in property to which this chapter applies.
             122          Section 10. Section 75-2b-110 is enacted to read:
             123          75-2b-110. Limitations on testamentary disposition.
             124          This chapter does not authorize a person to dispose of property by will if it is held under
             125      limitations imposed by law preventing testamentary disposition by that person.
             126          Section 11. Section 75-2b-111 is enacted to read:
             127          75-2b-111. Uniformity of application and construction.
             128          This chapter shall be applied and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make
             129      uniform the law with respect to the subject of this chapter among those states which enact it.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-2-12 3:02 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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