Download Zipped Enrolled WordPerfect HB0146.ZIP
[Introduced][Amended][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]
H.B. 146 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends the definition of "health care provider" in the Utah Health Care
10 Malpractice Act.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . expands the definition of "health care provider" to include licensed athletic trainers;
14 . exempts the term "licensed athletic trainer" from the definition of "health care
15 provider" in provisions of the insurance code; and
16 . makes technical changes.
17 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
19 Other Special Clauses:
21 Utah Code Sections Affected:
23 31A-8a-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
24 31A-22-617, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 12
25 31A-29-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 284 and 400
26 78B-3-403, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 220
28 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
29 Section 1. Section 31A-8a-102 is amended to read:
30 31A-8a-102. Definitions.
31 For purposes of this chapter:
32 (1) "Fee" means any periodic charge for use of a discount program.
33 (2) "Health care provider" means a health care provider as defined in Section
34 78B-3-403 , with the exception of "licensed athletic trainer," who:
35 (a) is practicing within the scope of the provider's license; and
36 (b) has agreed either directly or indirectly, by contract or any other arrangement with a
37 health discount program operator, to provide a discount to enrollees of a health discount
39 (3) "Health discount program" means a business arrangement or contract in which a
40 person pays fees, dues, charges, or other consideration in exchange for a program that provides
41 access to health care providers who agree to provide a discount for health care services.
42 (4) "Operates a health discount program" or "health discount program operator" means
44 (a) enter into a contract or agreement either directly or indirectly with a health care
45 provider in this state which the health care provider agrees to provide discounts to enrollees of
46 the health discount program;
47 (b) enter into a contract or agreement either directly or indirectly with a person in this
48 state to provide access to more than one health care provider who has agreed to provide
49 discounts for medical services to enrollees of the health discount program;
50 (c) sell or distribute a health discount program in this state; or
51 (d) place your name on and market or promote a health discount program in this state.
52 (5) "Value-added benefit" means a discount offering with no additional charge made by
53 a health insurer or health maintenance organization that is licensed under this title, in
54 connection with existing contracts with the health insurer or health maintenance organization.
55 Section 2. Section 31A-22-617 is amended to read:
56 31A-22-617. Preferred provider contract provisions.
57 Health insurance policies may provide for insureds to receive services or
58 reimbursement under the policies in accordance with preferred health care provider contracts as
60 (1) Subject to restrictions under this section, any insurer or third party administrator
61 may enter into contracts with health care providers as defined in Section 78B-3-403 under
62 which the health care providers agree to supply services, at prices specified in the contracts, to
63 persons insured by an insurer.
64 (a) (i) A health care provider contract may require the health care provider to accept the
65 specified payment as payment in full, relinquishing the right to collect additional amounts from
66 the insured person.
67 (ii) In any dispute involving a provider's claim for reimbursement, the same shall be
68 determined in accordance with applicable law, the provider contract, the subscriber contract,
69 and the insurer's written payment policies in effect at the time services were rendered.
70 (iii) If the parties are unable to resolve their dispute, the matter shall be subject to
71 binding arbitration by a jointly selected arbitrator. Each party is to bear its own expense except
72 the cost of the jointly selected arbitrator shall be equally shared. This Subsection (1)(a)(iii)
73 does not apply to the claim of a general acute hospital to the extent it is inconsistent with the
74 hospital's provider agreement.
75 (iv) An organization may not penalize a provider solely for pursuing a claims dispute
76 or otherwise demanding payment for a sum believed owing.
77 (v) If an insurer permits another entity with which it does not share common ownership
78 or control to use or otherwise lease one or more of the organization's networks of participating
79 providers, the organization shall ensure, at a minimum, that the entity pays participating
80 providers in accordance with the same fee schedule and general payment policies as the
81 organization would for that network.
82 (b) The insurance contract may reward the insured for selection of preferred health care
83 providers by:
84 (i) reducing premium rates;
85 (ii) reducing deductibles;
86 (iii) coinsurance;
87 (iv) other copayments; or
88 (v) any other reasonable manner.
89 (c) If the insurer is a managed care organization, as defined in Subsection
90 31A-27a-403 (1)(f):
91 (i) the insurance contract and the health care provider contract shall provide that in the
92 event the managed care organization becomes insolvent, the rehabilitator or liquidator may:
93 (A) require the health care provider to continue to provide health care services under
94 the contract until the earlier of:
95 (I) 90 days after the date of the filing of a petition for rehabilitation or the petition for
96 liquidation; or
97 (II) the date the term of the contract ends; and
98 (B) subject to Subsection (1)(c)(v), reduce the fees the provider is otherwise entitled to
99 receive from the managed care organization during the time period described in Subsection
101 (ii) the provider is required to:
102 (A) accept the reduced payment under Subsection (1)(c)(i)(B) as payment in full; and
103 (B) relinquish the right to collect additional amounts from the insolvent managed care
104 organization's enrollee, as defined in Subsection 31A-27a-403 (1)(b);
105 (iii) if the contract between the health care provider and the managed care organization
106 has not been reduced to writing, or the contract fails to contain the language required by
107 Subsection (1)(c)(i), the provider may not collect or attempt to collect from the enrollee:
108 (A) sums owed by the insolvent managed care organization; or
109 (B) the amount of the regular fee reduction authorized under Subsection (1)(c)(i)(B);
110 (iv) the following may not bill or maintain any action at law against an enrollee to
111 collect sums owed by the insolvent managed care organization or the amount of the regular fee
112 reduction authorized under Subsection (1)(c)(i)(B):
113 (A) a provider;
114 (B) an agent;
115 (C) a trustee; or
116 (D) an assignee of a person described in Subsections (1)(c)(iv)(A) through (C); and
117 (v) notwithstanding Subsection (1)(c)(i):
118 (A) a rehabilitator or liquidator may not reduce a fee by less than 75% of the provider's
119 regular fee set forth in the contract; and
120 (B) the enrollee shall continue to pay the copayments, deductibles, and other payments
121 for services received from the provider that the enrollee was required to pay before the filing
123 (I) a petition for rehabilitation; or
124 (II) a petition for liquidation.
125 (2) (a) Subject to Subsections (2)(b) through (2)(f), an insurer using preferred health
126 care provider contracts shall pay for the services of health care providers not under the contract,
127 unless the illnesses or injuries treated by the health care provider are not within the scope of the
128 insurance contract. As used in this section, "class of health care providers" means all health
129 care providers licensed or licensed and certified by the state within the same professional,
130 trade, occupational, or facility licensure or licensure and certification category established
131 pursuant to Titles 26, Utah Health Code and 58, Occupations and Professions.
132 (b) (i) Until July 1, 2012, when the insured receives services from a health care
133 provider not under contract, the insurer shall reimburse the insured for at least 75% of the
134 average amount paid by the insurer for comparable services of preferred health care providers
135 who are members of the same class of health care providers.
136 (ii) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(b)(i), an insurer may offer a health plan that
137 complies with the provisions of Subsection 31A-22-618.5 (3).
138 (iii) The commissioner may adopt a rule dealing with the determination of what
139 constitutes 75% of the average amount paid by the insurer under Subsection (2)(b)(i) for
140 comparable services of preferred health care providers who are members of the same class of
141 health care providers.
142 (c) When reimbursing for services of health care providers not under contract, the
143 insurer may make direct payment to the insured.
144 (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(b), an insurer using preferred health care provider
145 contracts may impose a deductible on coverage of health care providers not under contract.
146 (e) When selecting health care providers with whom to contract under Subsection (1),
147 an insurer may not unfairly discriminate between classes of health care providers, but may
148 discriminate within a class of health care providers, subject to Subsection (7).
149 (f) For purposes of this section, unfair discrimination between classes of health care
150 providers shall include:
151 (i) refusal to contract with class members in reasonable proportion to the number of
152 insureds covered by the insurer and the expected demand for services from class members; and
153 (ii) refusal to cover procedures for one class of providers that are:
154 (A) commonly utilized by members of the class of health care providers for the
155 treatment of illnesses, injuries, or conditions;
156 (B) otherwise covered by the insurer; and
157 (C) within the scope of practice of the class of health care providers.
158 (3) Before the insured consents to the insurance contract, the insurer shall fully disclose
159 to the insured that it has entered into preferred health care provider contracts. The insurer shall
160 provide sufficient detail on the preferred health care provider contracts to permit the insured to
161 agree to the terms of the insurance contract. The insurer shall provide at least the following
163 (a) a list of the health care providers under contract and if requested their business
164 locations and specialties;
165 (b) a description of the insured benefits, including any deductibles, coinsurance, or
166 other copayments;
167 (c) a description of the quality assurance program required under Subsection (4); and
168 (d) a description of the adverse benefit determination procedures required under
169 Subsection (5).
170 (4) (a) An insurer using preferred health care provider contracts shall maintain a quality
171 assurance program for assuring that the care provided by the health care providers under
172 contract meets prevailing standards in the state.
173 (b) The commissioner in consultation with the executive director of the Department of
174 Health may designate qualified persons to perform an audit of the quality assurance program.
175 The auditors shall have full access to all records of the organization and its health care
176 providers, including medical records of individual patients.
177 (c) The information contained in the medical records of individual patients shall
178 remain confidential. All information, interviews, reports, statements, memoranda, or other data
179 furnished for purposes of the audit and any findings or conclusions of the auditors are
180 privileged. The information is not subject to discovery, use, or receipt in evidence in any legal
181 proceeding except hearings before the commissioner concerning alleged violations of this
183 (5) An insurer using preferred health care provider contracts shall provide a reasonable
184 procedure for resolving complaints and adverse benefit determinations initiated by the insureds
185 and health care providers.
186 (6) An insurer may not contract with a health care provider for treatment of illness or
187 injury unless the health care provider is licensed to perform that treatment.
188 (7) (a) A health care provider or insurer may not discriminate against a preferred health
189 care provider for agreeing to a contract under Subsection (1).
190 (b) Any health care provider licensed to treat any illness or injury within the scope of
191 the health care provider's practice, who is willing and able to meet the terms and conditions
192 established by the insurer for designation as a preferred health care provider, shall be able to
193 apply for and receive the designation as a preferred health care provider. Contract terms and
194 conditions may include reasonable limitations on the number of designated preferred health
195 care providers based upon substantial objective and economic grounds, or expected use of
196 particular services based upon prior provider-patient profiles.
197 (8) Upon the written request of a provider excluded from a provider contract, the
198 commissioner may hold a hearing to determine if the insurer's exclusion of the provider is
199 based on the criteria set forth in Subsection (7)(b).
200 (9) Insurers are subject to the provisions of Sections 31A-22-613.5 , 31A-22-614.5 , and
201 31A-22-618 .
202 (10) Nothing in this section is to be construed as to require an insurer to offer a certain
203 benefit or service as part of a health benefit plan.
204 (11) This section does not apply to catastrophic mental health coverage provided in
205 accordance with Section 31A-22-625 .
206 (12) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection (1), Subsection (7)(b), and Section
207 31A-22-618 , an insurer or third party administrator is not required to, but may, enter into
208 contracts with licensed athletic trainers, licensed under Title 58, Chapter 40a, Athletic Trainer
209 Licensing Act.
210 Section 3. Section 31A-29-103 is amended to read:
211 31A-29-103. Definitions.
212 As used in this chapter:
213 (1) "Board" means the board of directors of the pool created in Section 31A-29-104 .
214 (2) (a) "Creditable coverage" has the same meaning as provided in Section 31A-1-301 .
215 (b) "Creditable coverage" does not include a period of time in which there is a
216 significant break in coverage, as defined in Section 31A-1-301 .
217 (3) "Domicile" means the place where an individual has a fixed and permanent home
218 and principal establishment:
219 (a) to which the individual, if absent, intends to return; and
220 (b) in which the individual, and the individual's family voluntarily reside, not for a
221 special or temporary purpose, but with the intention of making a permanent home.
222 (4) "Enrollee" means an individual who has met the eligibility requirements of the pool
223 and is covered by a pool policy under this chapter.
224 (5) "Health benefit plan":
225 (a) is defined in Section 31A-1-301 ; and
226 (b) does not include a plan that:
227 (i) (A) has a maximum actuarial value less than 100% of a health benefit plan
228 described in Subsection (5)(c); or
229 (B) has a maximum annual limit of $100,000 or less; and
230 (ii) meets other criteria established by the board.
231 (c) For purposes of Subsection (5)(b)(i)(A) the health benefit plan shall:
232 (i) be a federally qualified high deductible health plan;
233 (ii) have a deductible that has the lowest deductible that qualifies as a federally
234 qualified high deductible health plan as adjusted by federal law; and
235 (iii) not exceed an annual out-of-pocket maximum equal to three times the amount of
236 the deductible.
237 (6) "Health care facility" means any entity providing health care services which is
238 licensed under Title 26, Chapter 21, Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
239 (7) "Health care insurance" is defined in Section 31A-1-301 .
240 (8) "Health care provider" has the same meaning as provided in Section 78B-3-403 [
241 with the exception of "licensed athletic trainer."
242 (9) "Health care services" means:
243 (a) any service or product:
244 (i) used in furnishing to any individual medical care or hospitalization; or
245 (ii) incidental to furnishing medical care or hospitalization; and
246 (b) any other service or product furnished for the purpose of preventing, alleviating,
247 curing, or healing human illness or injury.
248 (10) "Health maintenance organization" has the same meaning as provided in Section
249 31A-8-101 .
250 (11) "Health plan" means any arrangement by which an individual, including a
251 dependent or spouse, covered or making application to be covered under the pool has:
252 (a) access to hospital and medical benefits or reimbursement including group or
253 individual insurance or subscriber contract;
254 (b) coverage through:
255 (i) a health maintenance organization;
256 (ii) a preferred provider prepayment;
257 (iii) group practice;
258 (iv) individual practice plan; or
259 (v) health care insurance;
260 (c) coverage under an uninsured arrangement of group or group-type contracts
261 including employer self-insured, cost-plus, or other benefits methodologies not involving
263 (d) coverage under a group type contract which is not available to the general public
264 and can be obtained only because of connection with a particular organization or group; and
265 (e) coverage by Medicare or other governmental benefit.
266 (12) "HIPAA" means the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
267 (13) "HIPAA eligible" means an individual who is eligible under the provisions of the
268 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
269 (14) "Insurer" means:
270 (a) an insurance company authorized to transact accident and health insurance business
271 in this state;
272 (b) a health maintenance organization; or
273 (c) a self-insurer not subject to federal preemption.
274 (15) "Medicaid" means coverage under Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C.
275 Sec. 1396 et seq., as amended.
276 (16) "Medicare" means coverage under both Part A and B of Title XVIII of the Social
277 Security Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 1395 et seq., as amended.
278 (17) "Plan of operation" means the plan developed by the board in accordance with
279 Section 31A-29-105 and includes the articles, bylaws, and operating rules adopted by the board
280 under Section 31A-29-106 .
281 (18) "Pool" means the Utah Comprehensive Health Insurance Pool created in Section
282 31A-29-104 .
283 (19) "Pool fund" means the Comprehensive Health Insurance Pool Enterprise Fund
284 created in Section 31A-29-120 .
285 (20) "Pool policy" means a health benefit plan policy issued under this chapter.
286 (21) "Preexisting condition" has the same meaning as defined in Section 31A-1-301 .
287 (22) (a) "Resident" or "residency" means a person who is domiciled in this state.
288 (b) A resident retains residency if that resident leaves this state:
289 (i) to serve in the armed forces of the United States; or
290 (ii) for religious or educational purposes.
291 (23) "Third party administrator" has the same meaning as provided in Section
292 31A-1-301 .
293 Section 4. Section 78B-3-403 is amended to read:
294 78B-3-403. Definitions.
295 As used in this part:
296 (1) "Audiologist" means a person licensed to practice audiology under Title 58,
297 Chapter 41, Speech-language Pathology and Audiology Licensing Act.
298 (2) "Certified social worker" means a person licensed to practice as a certified social
299 worker under Section 58-60-205 .
300 (3) "Chiropractic physician" means a person licensed to practice chiropractic under
301 Title 58, Chapter 73, Chiropractic Physician Practice Act.
302 (4) "Clinical social worker" means a person licensed to practice as a clinical social
303 worker under Section 58-60-205 .
304 (5) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of insurance as provided in Section
305 31A-2-102 .
306 (6) "Dental hygienist" means a person licensed to engage in the practice of dental
307 hygiene as defined in Section 58-69-102 .
308 (7) "Dentist" means a person licensed to engage in the practice of dentistry as defined
309 in Section 58-69-102 .
310 (8) "Division" means the Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing created
311 in Section 58-1-103 .
312 (9) "Future damages" includes a judgment creditor's damages for future medical
313 treatment, care or custody, loss of future earnings, loss of bodily function, or future pain and
315 (10) "Health care" means any act or treatment performed or furnished, or which should
316 have been performed or furnished, by any health care provider for, to, or on behalf of a patient
317 during the patient's medical care, treatment, or confinement.
318 (11) "Health care facility" means general acute hospitals, specialty hospitals, home
319 health agencies, hospices, nursing care facilities, assisted living facilities, birthing centers,
320 ambulatory surgical facilities, small health care facilities, health care facilities owned or
321 operated by health maintenance organizations, and end stage renal disease facilities.
322 (12) "Health care provider" includes any person, partnership, association, corporation,
323 or other facility or institution who causes to be rendered or who renders health care or
324 professional services as a hospital, health care facility, physician, registered nurse, licensed
325 practical nurse, nurse-midwife, licensed Direct-entry midwife, dentist, dental hygienist,
326 optometrist, clinical laboratory technologist, pharmacist, physical therapist, physical therapist
327 assistant, podiatric physician, psychologist, chiropractic physician, naturopathic physician,
328 osteopathic physician, osteopathic physician and surgeon, audiologist, speech-language
329 pathologist, clinical social worker, certified social worker, social service worker, marriage and
330 family counselor, practitioner of obstetrics, licensed athletic trainer, or others rendering similar
331 care and services relating to or arising out of the health needs of persons or groups of persons
332 and officers, employees, or agents of any of the above acting in the course and scope of their
334 (13) "Hospital" means a public or private institution licensed under Title 26, Chapter
335 21, Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
336 (14) "Licensed athletic trainer" means a person licensed under Title 58, Chapter 40a,
337 Athletic Trainer Licensing Act.
339 Direct-entry Midwife Act to engage in the practice of direct-entry midwifery as defined in
340 Section 58-77-102 .
342 practical nurse as provided in Section 58-31b-301 .
344 a health care provider, whether in contract, tort, breach of warranty, wrongful death, or
345 otherwise, based upon alleged personal injuries relating to or arising out of health care rendered
346 or which should have been rendered by the health care provider.
348 marriage therapist or family therapist under Sections 58-60-305 and 58-60-405 .
350 of naturopathic medicine as defined in Section 58-71-102 .
352 midwife under Section 58-44a-301 .
354 Chapter 16a, Utah Optometry Practice Act.
356 under Title 58, Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice Act.
358 under a contract, express or implied.
360 property to a judgment creditor at intervals ordered by the court.
362 Section 58-17b-301 .
364 under Title 58, Chapter 24b, Physical Therapy Practice Act.
366 therapy, within the scope of a physical therapist assistant license, under Title 58, Chapter 24b,
367 Physical Therapy Practice Act.
369 Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act.
371 Title 58, Chapter 5a, Podiatric Physician Licensing Act.
373 physician in this state under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act, or under Title 58,
374 Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice Act.
376 Psychologist Licensing Act, to engage in the practice of psychology as defined in Section
377 58-61-102 .
379 as provided in Section 58-31b-301 .
381 stepmother, child, grandchild, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, or spouse's parents. The
382 term includes relationships that are created as a result of adoption.
384 attorney-in-fact, person designated to make decisions on behalf of a patient under a medical
385 power of attorney, or other legal agent of the patient.
387 service worker under Section 58-60-205 .
389 speech-language pathology under Title 58, Chapter 41, Speech-language Pathology and
390 Audiology Licensing Act.
392 or omission proximately causing injury or damage to another.
394 procedure that differs from an expected result.
[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]