! The Capitol Complex is closed to the public due to COVID-19. All meetings will be held virtually online. View procedures and guidelines for remote public comment

Download Zipped Enrolled WordPerfect HB0163.ZIP
[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note] [Bills Directory]

H.B. 163 Enrolled

             1     

HUMAN TRAFFICKING AMENDMENTS

             2     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Jennifer M. Seelig

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             6      Cosponsors:
             7      Patrice M. Arent
             8      Joel K. Briscoe
             9      Derek E. Brown
             10      Rebecca Chavez-Houck
             11      Tim M. Cosgrove
             12      Susan Duckworth
Janice M. FisherLynn N. Hemingway
Eric K. Hutchings
Brian S. King
Dana L. Layton
Carol Spackman Moss
Marie H. Poulson
Paul RayEdward H. Redd
Angela Romero
Keven J. Stratton
Mark A. Wheatley
Ryan D. Wilcox
Larry B. Wiley              13     
             14      LONG TITLE
             15      General Description:
             16          This bill modifies the Criminal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Judicial
             17      Code, and the Utah Office for Victims of Crime to incorporate provisions regarding
             18      human trafficking and human smuggling, including exploiting prostitution.
             19      Highlighted Provisions:
             20          This bill:
             21          .    removes any statute of limitation regarding the prosecution of aggravated human
             22      trafficking, aggravated human smuggling, and aggravated exploitation of
             23      prostitution;
             24          .    provides that lack of knowledge of the age of the victim is not a defense to a charge
             25      of aggravated human trafficking or smuggling;
             26          .    provides that a defendant subject to a pretrial criminal no contact order, who then
             27      violates that order, is guilty of a third degree felony;


             28          .    defines "child" as a person younger than 18 years of age regarding human
             29      trafficking and smuggling;
             30          .    defines "commercial purpose" regarding human trafficking and smuggling;
             31          .    provides that recruiting, harboring, transporting, or obtaining a child for human
             32      trafficking for forced labor or sexual exploitation is aggravated human trafficking;
             33          .    provides that aggravated human trafficking is a first degree felony;
             34          .    provides that aggravated human smuggling, which involves a child, is a second
             35      degree felony;
             36          .    provides that aggravated sexual abuse of a child includes human trafficking or
             37      human smuggling of a child;
             38          .    provides that the offense of patronizing a prostitute is a third degree felony if the
             39      offense involves a child;
             40          .    provides that exploitation of prostitution that involves human trafficking or human
             41      smuggling is aggravated exploitation of prostitution and is a second degree felony;
             42          .    provides that aggravated exploitation of prostitution involving a child is a first
             43      degree felony;
             44          .    provides that an act of sexual solicitation that involves solicitation of a child, but
             45      does not amount to human trafficking or human smuggling, is a third degree felony;
             46          .    provides that human trafficking or smuggling, and aggravated human trafficking
             47      and smuggling, are offenses for which a court may authorize an order for
             48      interception of communication;
             49          .    provides that when a defendant is charged with a felony offense involving
             50      kidnapping, human trafficking or human smuggling, sexual offenses, or aggravated
             51      exploitation of prostitution, the court may issue a no contact order as specified; and
             52          .    provides that a violation of the no contact order is a third degree felony.
             53      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             54          None
             55      Other Special Clauses:


             56          None
             57      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             58      AMENDS:
             59          76-1-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 24
             60          76-2-304.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 149
             61          76-5-108, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             62          76-5-307, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 343
             63          76-5-308, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 343
             64          76-5-309, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 126
             65          76-5-310, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 343
             66          76-5-404.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 339
             67          76-5-406, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 149
             68          76-9-1003, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 21
             69          76-10-1301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1988, Chapter 199
             70          76-10-1303, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 179
             71          76-10-1306, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 9
             72          76-10-1313, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 32
             73          77-23a-8, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 334
             74          77-38-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 131
             75          78B-7-113, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 324
             76     
             77      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             78          Section 1. Section 76-1-301 is amended to read:
             79           76-1-301. Offenses for which prosecution may be commenced at any time.
             80          (1) As used in this section:
             81          (a) "Aggravating offense" means any offense incident to which a homicide was
             82      committed as described in Subsection 76-5-202 (1)(d) or (e) or Subsection 76-5-202 (2).
             83          (b) "Predicate offense" means an offense described in Section 76-5-203 (1) if a person


             84      other than a party as defined in Section 76-2-202 was killed in the course of the commission,
             85      attempted commission, or immediate flight from the commission or attempted commission of
             86      the offense.
             87          (2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code, prosecution for the following
             88      offenses may be commenced at any time:
             89          (a) capital felony;
             90          (b) aggravated murder;
             91          (c) murder;
             92          (d) manslaughter;
             93          (e) child abuse homicide;
             94          (f) aggravated kidnapping;
             95          (g) child kidnapping;
             96          (h) rape;
             97          (i) rape of a child;
             98          (j) object rape;
             99          (k) object rape of a child;
             100          (l) forcible sodomy;
             101          (m) sodomy on a child;
             102          (n) sexual abuse of a child;
             103          (o) aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
             104          (p) aggravated sexual assault; [or]
             105          (q) any predicate offense to a murder or aggravating offense to an aggravated
             106      murder[.];
             107          (r) aggravated human trafficking or aggravated human smuggling in violation of
             108      Section 76-5-310 ; or
             109          (s) aggravated exploitation of prostitution involving a child, under Section 76-10-1306 .
             110          Section 2. Section 76-2-304.5 is amended to read:
             111           76-2-304.5. Mistake as to victim's age not a defense.


             112          (1) It is not a defense to the crime of child [kidnaping] kidnapping, a violation of
             113      Section 76-5-301.1 ; rape of a child, a violation of Section 76-5-402.1 ; object rape of a child, a
             114      violation of Section 76-5-402.3 ; sodomy [upon] on a child, a violation of Section 76-5-403.1 ;
             115      [or] sexual abuse of a child, a violation of Section 76-5-404.1 ; [or] aggravated sexual abuse of
             116      a child, a violation of Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4); or an attempt to commit any of [those] these
             117      offenses, that the actor mistakenly believed the victim to be 14 years of age or older at the time
             118      of the alleged offense or was unaware of the victim's true age.
             119          (2) It is not a defense to the crime of unlawful sexual activity with a minor, a violation
             120      of Section 76-5-401 [,]; sexual abuse of a minor, a violation of Section 76-5-401.1 [,]; or an
             121      attempt to commit either of these offenses, that the actor mistakenly believed the victim to be
             122      16 years of age or older at the time of the alleged offense or was unaware of the victim's true
             123      age.
             124          (3) It is not a defense to the crime of aggravated human trafficking or aggravated
             125      human smuggling, a violation of Section 76-5-310 , that the actor mistakenly believed the
             126      victim to be 18 years of age or older at the time of the alleged offense or was unaware of the
             127      victim's true age.
             128          (4) It is not a defense to any of the following crimes that the actor mistakenly believed
             129      the victim to be 18 years of age or older at the time of the alleged offense or was unaware of
             130      the victim's true age:
             131          (a) patronizing a prostitute, a violation of Section 76-10-1303 ;
             132          (b) aggravated exploitation of a prostitute, a violation of Section 76-10-1306 ; or
             133          (c) sexual solicitation, a violation of Section 76-10-1313 .
             134          Section 3. Section 76-5-108 is amended to read:
             135           76-5-108. Protective orders restraining abuse of another -- Violation.
             136          (1) Any person who is the respondent or defendant subject to a protective order, child
             137      protective order, ex parte protective order, or ex parte child protective order issued under Title
             138      78B, Chapter 7, Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act[, or]; Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act
             139      [of 1996,]; Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act[,]; or a foreign protection


             140      order enforceable under Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 3, Uniform Interstate Enforcement of
             141      Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act, who intentionally or knowingly violates that order
             142      after having been properly served, is guilty of a class A misdemeanor, except as a greater
             143      penalty may be provided in Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
             144          (2) Violation of an order as described in Subsection (1) is a domestic violence offense
             145      under Section 77-36-1 and subject to increased penalties in accordance with Section 77-36-1.1 .
             146          Section 4. Section 76-5-307 is amended to read:
             147           76-5-307. Definitions.
             148          As used in Sections 76-5-308 through [ 76-5-312 ] 76-5-310 of this part:
             149          (1) "Child" means a person younger than 18 years of age.
             150          (2) "Commercial purpose" includes direct or indirect participation in or facilitation of
             151      the transportation of one or more persons for the purpose of:
             152          (a) charging or obtaining a fee for the transportation; or
             153          (b) obtaining, exchanging, or receiving any thing or item of value or an attempt to
             154      conduct any of these activities.
             155          (3) "Facilitation" regarding transportation under Subsection (2) includes providing:
             156          (a) travel arrangement services;
             157          (b) payment for the costs of travel; or
             158          (c) property that would advance an act of transportation, including a vehicle or other
             159      means of transportation, a weapon, false identification, and making lodging available,
             160      including by rent, lease, or sale.
             161          [(1)] (4) "Family member" means a person's parent, grandparent, sibling, or any other
             162      person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree.
             163          [(2) "Smuggling of human beings" means the transportation or procurement of
             164      transportation for one or more persons by an actor who knows or has reason to know that the
             165      person or persons transported or to be transported are not:]
             166          [(a) citizens of the United States;]
             167          [(b) permanent resident aliens; or]


             168          [(c) otherwise lawfully in this state or entitled to be in this state.]
             169          Section 5. Section 76-5-308 is amended to read:
             170           76-5-308. Human trafficking -- Human smuggling.
             171          (1) An actor commits human trafficking for forced labor or forced sexual exploitation
             172      if the actor recruits, harbors, transports, or obtains a person through the use of force, fraud, or
             173      coercion by means of:
             174          (a) threatening serious harm to, or physical restraint against, that person or a third
             175      person;
             176          (b) destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating, or possessing any passport,
             177      immigration document, or other government identification document;
             178          (c) abusing or threatening abuse of the law or legal process against the person or a third
             179      person;
             180          (d) using a condition of a person being a debtor due to a pledge of the debtor's personal
             181      services or the personal services of a person under the control of the debtor as a security for
             182      debt where the reasonable value of the services is not applied toward the liquidation of the debt
             183      or the length and nature of those services are not respectively limited and defined; or
             184          (e) using a condition of servitude by means of any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to
             185      cause a person to believe that if the person did not enter into or continue in a condition of
             186      servitude, that person or a third person would suffer serious harm or physical restraint, or
             187      would be threatened with abuse of legal process.
             188          (2) (a) Human trafficking for forced labor includes forced labor in industrial facilities,
             189      sweatshops, households, agricultural enterprises, and any other workplace.
             190          (b) Human trafficking for forced sexual exploitation includes all forms of forced
             191      commercial sexual activity, including forced sexually explicit performance, forced prostitution,
             192      forced participation in the production of pornography, forced performance in strip clubs, and
             193      forced exotic dancing or display.
             194          (3) A person commits human smuggling by transporting or procuring the transportation
             195      for one or more persons for a commercial purpose, knowing or having reason to know that the


             196      person or persons transported or to be transported are not:
             197          (a) citizens of the United States;
             198          (b) permanent resident aliens; or
             199          (c) otherwise lawfully in this state or entitled to be in this state.
             200          Section 6. Section 76-5-309 is amended to read:
             201           76-5-309. Human trafficking and human smuggling -- Penalties.
             202          (1) Human trafficking for forced labor and human trafficking for forced sexual
             203      exploitation are each a second degree felony, except under Section 76-5-310 .
             204          (2) Human smuggling, under Section 76-5-308 of one or more [human beings for profit
             205      or for a commercial purpose] persons is a third degree felony, except under Section 76-5-310 .
             206          (3) Human trafficking for forced labor or for forced sexual exploitation and human
             207      smuggling are each a separate offense from any other crime committed in relationship to the
             208      commission of either of these offenses.
             209          (4) [A] Under circumstances not amounting to aggravated sexual abuse of a child, a
             210      violation of Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4)(h)(i), a person who benefits [financially or materially by
             211      receiving], receives, or exchanges anything of value from knowing participation in:
             212          (a) human trafficking for forced labor or for forced sexual exploitation in violation of
             213      Section 76-5-308 is guilty of a second degree felony; and
             214          (b) human smuggling is guilty of a third degree felony.
             215          (5) A person commits a separate offense of human trafficking or human smuggling for
             216      each person who is smuggled or trafficked under Section 76-5-308 or 76-5-310 .
             217          Section 7. Section 76-5-310 is amended to read:
             218           76-5-310. Aggravated human trafficking and aggravated human smuggling --
             219      Penalties.
             220          (1) An actor commits aggravated human trafficking for forced labor or forced sexual
             221      exploitation or aggravated human smuggling if, in the course of committing a human
             222      trafficking for forced labor or for forced sexual exploitation, a violation of Section 76-5-308 , or
             223      human smuggling offense under Section [ 76-5-309 ] 76-5-308 , the offense:


             224          (a) results in the death of the trafficked or smuggled person;
             225          (b) results in serious bodily injury of the trafficked or smuggled person;
             226          (c) involves:
             227          (i) rape under Section 76-5-402 ;
             228          (ii) rape of a child under Section 76-5-402.1 ;
             229          (iii) object rape under Section 76-5-402.2 ;
             230          (iv) object rape of a child under Section 76-5-402.3 ;
             231          (v) forcible sodomy under Section 76-5-403 ;
             232          (vi) sodomy on a child under Section 76-5-403.1 ;
             233          (vii) aggravated sexual abuse of a child under Section 76-5-404.1 ; or
             234          (viii) aggravated sexual assault under 76-5-405 ;
             235          (d) involves 10 or more [than 10] victims in a single episode of human trafficking or
             236      human smuggling; or
             237          (e) involves a victim who is held against the victim's will for longer than [180] 30
             238      consecutive days.
             239          (2) An actor commits aggravated human trafficking for forced labor or forced sexual
             240      exploitation if the [offense involves a victim who is younger than 18 years of age at the time of
             241      the commission of the offense of trafficking] actor recruits, harbors, transports, or obtains a
             242      child for forced labor or forced sexual exploitation.
             243          (3) An actor commits aggravated human smuggling if the actor commits human
             244      smuggling under [Subsection 76-5-309 (2)] Section 76-5-308 and any human being whom the
             245      person engages in smuggling is:
             246          (a) [younger than 18 years of age] a child; and
             247          (b) not accompanied by a family member who is 18 years of age or older.
             248          (4) (a) Aggravated human trafficking [for forced labor or forced sexual exploitation
             249      and aggravated human smuggling for profit or commercial purposes are each] is a first degree
             250      felony.
             251          (b) Aggravated human smuggling is a second degree felony.


             252          [(b)] (c) Aggravated human trafficking and aggravated human smuggling are each a
             253      separate offense from any other crime committed in relationship to the commission of either of
             254      these offenses.
             255          Section 8. Section 76-5-404.1 is amended to read:
             256           76-5-404.1. Sexual abuse of a child -- Aggravated sexual abuse of a child.
             257          (1) As used in this section, "child" means a person under the age of 14.
             258          (2) A person commits sexual abuse of a child if, under circumstances not amounting to
             259      rape of a child, object rape of a child, sodomy [upon] on a child, or an attempt to commit any
             260      of these offenses, the actor touches the anus, buttocks, or genitalia of any child, the breast of a
             261      female child, or otherwise takes indecent liberties with a child, or causes a child to take
             262      indecent liberties with the actor or another with intent to cause substantial emotional or bodily
             263      pain to any person or with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person
             264      regardless of the sex of any participant.
             265          (3) Sexual abuse of a child is punishable as a second degree felony.
             266          (4) A person commits aggravated sexual abuse of a child when in conjunction with the
             267      offense described in Subsection (2) any of the following circumstances have been charged and
             268      admitted or found true in the action for the offense:
             269          (a) the offense was committed by the use of a dangerous weapon as defined in Section
             270      76-1-601 , or by force, duress, violence, intimidation, coercion, menace, or threat of harm, or
             271      was committed during the course of a [kidnaping] kidnapping;
             272          (b) the accused caused bodily injury or severe psychological injury to the victim during
             273      or as a result of the offense;
             274          (c) the accused was a stranger to the victim or made friends with the victim for the
             275      purpose of committing the offense;
             276          (d) the accused used, showed, or displayed pornography or caused the victim to be
             277      photographed in a lewd condition during the course of the offense;
             278          (e) the accused, prior to sentencing for this offense, was previously convicted of any
             279      felony, or of a misdemeanor involving a sexual offense;


             280          (f) the accused committed the same or similar sexual act upon two or more victims at
             281      the same time or during the same course of conduct;
             282          (g) the accused committed, in Utah or elsewhere, more than five separate acts, which if
             283      committed in Utah would constitute an offense described in this chapter, and were committed
             284      at the same time, or during the same course of conduct, or before or after the instant offense;
             285          (h) the offense was committed by a person who occupied a position of special trust in
             286      relation to the victim; "position of special trust" means that position occupied by a person in a
             287      position of authority, who, by reason of that position is able to exercise undue influence over
             288      the victim, and includes, but is not limited to, a youth leader or recreational leader who is an
             289      adult, adult athletic manager, adult coach, teacher, counselor, religious leader, doctor,
             290      employer, foster parent, babysitter, adult scout leader, natural parent, stepparent, adoptive
             291      parent, legal guardian, grandparent, aunt, uncle, or adult cohabitant of a parent;
             292          (i) the accused encouraged, aided, allowed, or benefitted from acts of prostitution or
             293      sexual acts by the victim with any other person, or sexual performance by the victim before any
             294      other person, human trafficking, or human smuggling; or
             295          (j) the accused caused the penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of
             296      the child by any part or parts of the human body other than the genitals or mouth.
             297          (5) Aggravated sexual abuse of a child is a first degree felony punishable by a term of
             298      imprisonment of:
             299          (a) except as provided in Subsection (5)(b), (5)(c), or (6), not less than 15 years and
             300      which may be for life;
             301          (b) except as provided in Subsection (5)(c) or (6), life without parole, if the trier of fact
             302      finds that during the course of the commission of the aggravated sexual abuse of a child the
             303      defendant caused serious bodily injury to another; or
             304          (c) life without parole, if the trier of fact finds that at the time of the commission of the
             305      aggravated sexual abuse of a child, the defendant was previously convicted of a grievous
             306      sexual offense.
             307          (6) If, when imposing a sentence under Subsection (5)(a) or (b), a court finds that a


             308      lesser term than the term described in Subsection (5)(a) or (b) is in the interests of justice and
             309      states the reasons for this finding on the record, the court may impose a term of imprisonment
             310      of not less than:
             311          (a) for purposes of Subsection (5)(b), 15 years and which may be for life; or
             312          (b) for purposes of Subsection (5)(a) or (b):
             313          (i) 10 years and which may be for life; or
             314          (ii) six years and which may be for life.
             315          (7) The provisions of Subsection (6) do not apply when a person is sentenced under
             316      Subsection (5)(c).
             317          (8) Imprisonment under this section is mandatory in accordance with Section 76-3-406 .
             318          Section 9. Section 76-5-406 is amended to read:
             319           76-5-406. Sexual offenses against the victim without consent of victim --
             320      Circumstances.
             321          An act of sexual intercourse, rape, attempted rape, rape of a child, attempted rape of a
             322      child, object rape, attempted object rape, object rape of a child, attempted object rape of a
             323      child, sodomy, attempted sodomy, forcible sodomy, attempted forcible sodomy, sodomy [upon]
             324      on a child, attempted sodomy [upon] on a child, forcible sexual abuse, attempted forcible
             325      sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a child, attempted sexual abuse of a child, aggravated sexual
             326      abuse of a child, attempted aggravated sexual abuse of a child, or simple sexual abuse is
             327      without consent of the victim under any of the following circumstances:
             328          (1) the victim expresses lack of consent through words or conduct;
             329          (2) the actor overcomes the victim through the actual application of physical force or
             330      violence;
             331          (3) the actor is able to overcome the victim through concealment or by the element of
             332      surprise;
             333          (4) (a) (i) the actor coerces the victim to submit by threatening to retaliate in the
             334      immediate future against the victim or any other person, and the victim perceives at the time
             335      that the actor has the ability to execute this threat; or


             336          (ii) the actor coerces the victim to submit by threatening to retaliate in the future
             337      against the victim or any other person, and the victim believes at the time that the actor has the
             338      ability to execute this threat;
             339          (b) as used in this Subsection (4), "to retaliate" includes [but is not limited to] threats
             340      of physical force, [kidnaping] kidnapping, or extortion;
             341          (5) the victim has not consented and the actor knows the victim is unconscious,
             342      unaware that the act is occurring, or physically unable to resist;
             343          (6) the actor knows that as a result of mental disease or defect, the victim is at the time
             344      of the act incapable either of appraising the nature of the act or of resisting it;
             345          (7) the actor knows that the victim submits or participates because the victim
             346      erroneously believes that the actor is the victim's spouse;
             347          (8) the actor intentionally impaired the power of the victim to appraise or control his or
             348      her conduct by administering any substance without the victim's knowledge;
             349          (9) the victim is younger than 14 years of age;
             350          (10) the victim is younger than 18 years of age and at the time of the offense the actor
             351      was the victim's parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, or legal guardian or occupied a position of
             352      special trust in relation to the victim as defined in Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4)(h);
             353          (11) the victim is 14 years of age or older, but younger than 18 years of age, and the
             354      actor is more than three years older than the victim and entices or coerces the victim to submit
             355      or participate, under circumstances not amounting to the force or threat required under
             356      Subsection (2) or (4); or
             357          (12) the actor is a health professional or religious counselor, as those terms are defined
             358      in this Subsection (12), the act is committed under the guise of providing professional
             359      diagnosis, counseling, or treatment, and at the time of the act the victim reasonably believed
             360      that the act was for medically or professionally appropriate diagnosis, counseling, or treatment
             361      to the extent that resistance by the victim could not reasonably be expected to have been
             362      manifested[. For]; for purposes of this Subsection (12):
             363          (a) "health professional" means an individual who is licensed or who holds himself or


             364      herself out to be licensed, or who otherwise provides professional physical or mental health
             365      services, diagnosis, treatment, or counseling including, but not limited to, a physician,
             366      osteopathic physician, nurse, dentist, physical therapist, chiropractor, mental health therapist,
             367      social service worker, clinical social worker, certified social worker, marriage and family
             368      therapist, professional counselor, psychiatrist, psychologist, psychiatric mental health nurse
             369      specialist, or substance abuse counselor; and
             370          (b) "religious counselor" means a minister, priest, rabbi, bishop, or other recognized
             371      member of the clergy.
             372          Section 10. Section 76-9-1003 is amended to read:
             373           76-9-1003. Detention or arrest -- Determination of immigration status.
             374          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), any law enforcement officer
             375      who, acting in the enforcement of any state law or local ordinance, conducts any lawful stop,
             376      detention, or arrest of a person as specified in Subsection (1)(a)(i) or (ii), and the person is
             377      unable to provide to the law enforcement officer a document listed in Subsection 76-9-1004 (1)
             378      and the officer is otherwise unable to verify the identity of the person, the officer:
             379          (i) shall request verification of the citizenship or the immigration status of the person
             380      under 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373(c), except as allowed under Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the
             381      person is arrested for an alleged offense that is a class A misdemeanor or a felony; and
             382          (ii) may attempt to verify the immigration status of the person, except as exempted
             383      under Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the alleged offense is a class B or C misdemeanor, except
             384      that if the person is arrested and booked for a class B or C misdemeanor, the arresting law
             385      enforcement officer or the law enforcement agency booking the person shall attempt to verify
             386      the immigration status of the person.
             387          (b) In individual cases, the law enforcement officer may forego the verification of
             388      immigration status under Subsection (1)(a) if the determination could hinder or obstruct a
             389      criminal investigation.
             390          (c) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a law enforcement officer who is acting as a
             391      school resource officer for any elementary or secondary school.


             392          (d) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a county or municipality when it has only one
             393      law enforcement officer on duty and response support from another law enforcement agency is
             394      not available.
             395          (2) When a law enforcement officer makes a lawful stop, detention, or arrest under
             396      Subsection (1) of the operator of a vehicle, and while investigating or processing the primary
             397      offense, the officer makes observations that give the officer reasonable suspicion that the
             398      operator or any of the passengers in the vehicle are violating Section [ 76-5-309 ] 76-5-308 ,
             399      76-5-310 , or 76-10-2901 , which concern smuggling and transporting illegal aliens, the officer
             400      shall, to the extent possible within a reasonable period of time:
             401          (a) detain the occupants of the vehicle to investigate the suspected violations; and
             402          (b) inquire regarding the immigration status of the occupants of the vehicle.
             403          (3) When a person under Subsection (1) is arrested or booked into a jail, juvenile
             404      detention facility, or correctional facility, the arresting officer or the booking officer shall
             405      ensure that a request for verification of immigration status of the arrested or booked person is
             406      submitted as promptly as is reasonably possible.
             407          (4) The law enforcement agency that has custody of a person verified to be an illegal
             408      alien shall request that the United States Department of Homeland Security issue a detainer
             409      requesting transfer of the illegal alien into federal custody.
             410          (5) A law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national origin in
             411      implementing this section, except to the extent permitted by the constitutions of the United
             412      States and this state.
             413          Section 11. Section 76-10-1301 is amended to read:
             414           76-10-1301. Definitions.
             415          For the purposes of this part:
             416          (1) "Child" is a person younger than 18 years of age.
             417          [(1)] (2) "House of prostitution" means a place where prostitution or promotion of
             418      prostitution is regularly carried on by one or more persons under the control, management, or
             419      supervision of another.


             420          [(2)] (3) "Inmate" means a person who engages in prostitution in or through the agency
             421      of a house of prostitution.
             422          [(3)] (4) "Public place" means any place to which the public or any substantial group of
             423      the public has access.
             424          [(4)] (5) "Sexual activity" means acts of masturbation, sexual intercourse, or any sexual
             425      act involving the genitals of one person and the mouth or anus of another person, regardless of
             426      the sex of either participant.
             427          Section 12. Section 76-10-1303 is amended to read:
             428           76-10-1303. Patronizing a prostitute.
             429          (1) A person is guilty of patronizing a prostitute when the person:
             430          (a) [he] pays or offers or agrees to pay another person a fee for the purpose of engaging
             431      in an act of sexual activity; or
             432          (b) [he] enters or remains in a house of prostitution for the purpose of engaging in
             433      sexual activity.
             434          (2) Patronizing a prostitute is a class B misdemeanor, except as provided in Subsection
             435      (3) or in Section 76-10-1309 .
             436          (3) If the patronizing of a prostitute under Subsection (1)(a) involves a child as the
             437      other person, a violation of Subsection (1)(a) is a third degree felony.
             438          Section 13. Section 76-10-1306 is amended to read:
             439           76-10-1306. Aggravated exploitation of prostitution.
             440          (1) A person is guilty of aggravated exploitation if:
             441          (a) in committing an act of exploiting prostitution, as defined in Section 76-10-1305 ,
             442      [he] the person uses any force, threat, or fear against any person; [or]
             443          (b) the person procured, transported, or persuaded or with whom [he] the person shares
             444      the proceeds of prostitution is [under 18 years of age] a child or is the [wife] spouse of the
             445      actor[.]; or
             446          (c) in the course of committing exploitation of prostitution, a violation of Section
             447      76-10-1305 , the person commits human trafficking or human smuggling, a violation of Section


             448      76-5-308 .
             449          (2) Aggravated exploitation of prostitution is a second degree felony [of the second
             450      degree], except under Subsection (3).
             451          (3) Aggravated exploitation of prostitution involving a child is a first degree felony.
             452          Section 14. Section 76-10-1313 is amended to read:
             453           76-10-1313. Sexual solicitation -- Penalty.
             454          (1) A person is guilty of sexual solicitation when the person:
             455          (a) offers or agrees to commit any sexual activity with another person for a fee;
             456          (b) pays or offers or agrees to pay a fee to another person to commit any sexual activity;
             457      or
             458          (c) with intent to engage in sexual activity for a fee or to pay another person to commit
             459      any sexual activity for a fee engages in, offers or agrees to engage in, or requests or directs
             460      another to engage in any of the following acts:
             461          (i) exposure of a person's genitals, the buttocks, the anus, the pubic area, or the female
             462      breast below the top of the areola;
             463          (ii) masturbation;
             464          (iii) touching of a person's genitals, the buttocks, the anus, the pubic area, or the female
             465      breast; or
             466          (iv) any act of lewdness.
             467          (2) An intent to engage in sexual activity for a fee may be inferred from a person's
             468      engaging in, offering or agreeing to engage in, or requesting or directing another to engage in
             469      any of the acts described in Subsection (1)(c) under the totality of the existing circumstances.
             470          (3) (a) Sexual solicitation is a class B misdemeanor, except under Subsection (3)(b).
             471          (b) Any person who is convicted a second or subsequent time under this section or
             472      under a local ordinance adopted in compliance with Section 76-10-1307 , is guilty of a class A
             473      misdemeanor, except as provided in Section 76-10-1309 .
             474          (4) If a person commits an act of sexual solicitation and the person solicited is a child,
             475      the offense is a third degree felony if the solicitation does not amount to human trafficking or


             476      human smuggling, a violation of Section 76-5-308 , or aggravated human trafficking or
             477      aggravated human smuggling, a violation of Section 76-5-310 .
             478          Section 15. Section 77-23a-8 is amended to read:
             479           77-23a-8. Court order to authorize or approve interception -- Procedure.
             480          (1) The attorney general of the state, any assistant attorney general specially designated
             481      by the attorney general, any county attorney, district attorney, deputy county attorney, or deputy
             482      district attorney specially designated by the county attorney or by the district attorney, may
             483      authorize an application to a judge of competent jurisdiction for an order for an interception of
             484      wire, electronic, or oral communications by any law enforcement agency of the state, the
             485      federal government or of any political subdivision of the state that is responsible for
             486      investigating the type of offense for which the application is made.
             487          (2) The judge may grant the order in conformity with the required procedures when the
             488      interception sought may provide or has provided evidence of the commission of:
             489          (a) any act:
             490          (i) prohibited by the criminal provisions of:
             491          (A) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             492          (B) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled [Substances] Substance Precursor Act; or
             493          (C) Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act; and
             494          (ii) punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year;
             495          (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
             496      Securities Act and punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year;
             497          (c) an offense:
             498          (i) of:
             499          (A) attempt, Section 76-4-101 ;
             500          (B) conspiracy, Section 76-4-201 ;
             501          (C) solicitation, Section 76-4-203 ; and
             502          (ii) punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year;
             503          (d) a threat of terrorism offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of


             504      more than one year, Section 76-5-107.3 ;
             505          (e) (i) aggravated murder, Section 76-5-202 ;
             506          (ii) murder, Section 76-5-203 ; or
             507          (iii) manslaughter, Section 76-5-205 ;
             508          (f) (i) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             509          (ii) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; [or]
             510          (iii) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 ;
             511          (iv) human trafficking or human smuggling, Section 76-5-308 ; or
             512          (v) aggravated human trafficking or aggravated human smuggling, Section 76-5-310 ;
             513          (g) (i) arson, Section 76-6-102 ; or
             514          (ii) aggravated arson, Section 76-6-103 ;
             515          (h) (i) burglary, Section 76-6-202 ; or
             516          (ii) aggravated burglary, Section 76-6-203 ;
             517          (i) (i) robbery, Section 76-6-301 ; or
             518          (ii) aggravated robbery, Section 76-6-302 ;
             519          (j) an offense:
             520          (i) of:
             521          (A) theft, Section 76-6-404 ;
             522          (B) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405 ; or
             523          (C) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406 ; and
             524          (ii) punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year;
             525          (k) an offense of receiving stolen property [offense] that is punishable by a maximum
             526      term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-6-408 ;
             527          (l) a financial card transaction offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment
             528      of more than one year, Section [ 76-6-506.1 ,] 76-6-506.2 , 76-6-506.3 , [ 76-6-506.4 ,] 76-6-506.5 ,
             529      or 76-6-506.6 ;
             530          (m) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509 ;
             531          (n) bribery or threat to influence a publicly exhibited contest, Section 76-6-514 ;


             532          (o) a criminal simulation offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of
             533      more than one year, Section 76-6-518 ;
             534          (p) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520 ;
             535          (q) a fraudulent insurance act offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment
             536      of more than one year, Section 76-6-521 ;
             537          (r) a violation of Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 7, Utah Computer Crimes Act, punishable by
             538      a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-6-703 ;
             539          (s) bribery to influence official or political actions, Section 76-8-103 ;
             540          (t) misusing public money, Section 76-8-402 ;
             541          (u) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, Section 76-8-508 ;
             542          (v) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, Section 76-8-508.3 ;
             543          (w) tampering with a juror, retaliation against a juror, Section 76-8-508.5 ;
             544          (x) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding, Section 76-8-509 ;
             545          (y) obstruction of justice, Section 76-8-306 ;
             546          (z) destruction of property to interfere with preparation for defense or war, Section
             547      76-8-802 ;
             548          (aa) an attempt to commit crimes of sabotage, Section 76-8-804 ;
             549          (bb) conspiracy to commit crimes of sabotage, Section 76-8-805 ;
             550          (cc) advocating criminal syndicalism or sabotage, Section 76-8-902 ;
             551          (dd) assembly for advocating criminal syndicalism or sabotage, Section 76-8-903 ;
             552          (ee) riot punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year,
             553      Section 76-9-101 ;
             554          (ff) dog fighting, training dogs for fighting, or dog fighting exhibitions punishable by a
             555      maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-9-301.1 ;
             556          (gg) possession, use, or removal of an explosive, chemical, or incendiary device and
             557      parts, [possession, use, or removal,] Section 76-10-306 ;
             558          (hh) delivery to a common carrier or mailing of an explosive, chemical, or incendiary
             559      device, [delivery to a common carrier or mailing,] Section 76-10-307 ;


             560          (ii) exploiting prostitution, Section 76-10-1305 ;
             561          (jj) aggravated exploitation of prostitution, Section 76-10-1306 ;
             562          (kk) bus hijacking, assault with intent to commit hijacking, dangerous weapon or
             563      firearm, Section 76-10-1504 ;
             564          (ll) discharging firearms and hurling missiles, Section 76-10-1505 ;
             565          (mm) violations of the Pattern of Unlawful Activity Act and the offenses listed under
             566      the definition of unlawful activity in the act, including the offenses not punishable by a
             567      maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year when those offenses are investigated as
             568      predicates for the offenses prohibited by the act, Section 76-10-1602 ;
             569          (nn) communications fraud, Section 76-10-1801 ;
             570          (oo) money laundering, Sections 76-10-1903 and 76-10-1904 ; or
             571          (pp) reporting by a person engaged in a trade or business when the offense is
             572      punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-10-1906 .
             573          Section 16. Section 77-38-3 is amended to read:
             574           77-38-3. Notification to victims -- Initial notice, election to receive subsequent
             575      notices -- Form of notice -- Protected victim information -- Pretrial criminal no contact
             576      order.
             577          (1) Within seven days of the filing of felony criminal charges against a defendant, the
             578      prosecuting agency shall provide an initial notice to reasonably identifiable and locatable
             579      victims of the crime contained in the charges, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.
             580          (2) The initial notice to the victim of a crime shall provide information about electing
             581      to receive notice of subsequent important criminal justice hearings listed in Subsections
             582      77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) and rights under this chapter.
             583          (3) The prosecuting agency shall provide notice to a victim of a crime for the important
             584      criminal justice hearings, provided in Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f), which the victim
             585      has requested.
             586          (4) (a) The responsible prosecuting agency may provide initial and subsequent notices
             587      in any reasonable manner, including telephonically, electronically, orally, or by means of a


             588      letter or form prepared for this purpose.
             589          (b) In the event of an unforeseen important criminal justice hearing, listed in
             590      Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) for which a victim has requested notice, a good faith
             591      attempt to contact the victim by telephone shall be considered sufficient notice, provided that
             592      the prosecuting agency subsequently notifies the victim of the result of the proceeding.
             593          (5) (a) The court shall take reasonable measures to ensure that its scheduling practices
             594      for the proceedings provided in Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) permit an opportunity for
             595      victims of crimes to be notified.
             596          (b) The court shall also consider whether any notification system it might use to
             597      provide notice of judicial proceedings to defendants could be used to provide notice of those
             598      same proceedings to victims of crimes.
             599          (6) A defendant or, if it is the moving party, Adult Probation and Parole, shall give
             600      notice to the responsible prosecuting agency of any motion for modification of any
             601      determination made at any of the important criminal justice hearings provided in Subsections
             602      77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) in advance of any requested court hearing or action so that the
             603      prosecuting agency may comply with its notification obligation.
             604          (7) (a) Notice to a victim of a crime shall be provided by the Board of Pardons and
             605      Parole for the important criminal justice hearing provided in Subsection 77-38-2 (5)(g).
             606          (b) The board may provide notice in any reasonable manner, including telephonically,
             607      electronically, orally, or by means of a letter or form prepared for this purpose.
             608          (8) Prosecuting agencies and the Board of Pardons and Parole are required to give
             609      notice to a victim of a crime for the proceedings provided in Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through
             610      (f) only where the victim has responded to the initial notice, requested notice of subsequent
             611      proceedings, and provided a current address and telephone number if applicable.
             612          (9) (a) Law enforcement and criminal justice agencies shall refer any requests for
             613      notice or information about crime victim rights from victims to the responsible prosecuting
             614      agency.
             615          (b) In a case in which the Board of Pardons and Parole is involved, the responsible


             616      prosecuting agency shall forward any request for notice it has received from a victim to the
             617      Board of Pardons and Parole.
             618          (10) In all cases where the number of victims exceeds 10, the responsible prosecuting
             619      agency may send any notices required under this chapter in its discretion to a representative
             620      sample of the victims.
             621          (11) (a) A victim's address, telephone number, and victim impact statement maintained
             622      by a peace officer, prosecuting agency, Youth Parole Authority, Division of Juvenile Justice
             623      Services, Department of Corrections, and Board of Pardons and Parole, for purposes of
             624      providing notice under this section, is classified as protected as provided in Subsection
             625      63G-2-305 (10).
             626          (b) The victim's address, telephone number, and victim impact statement is available
             627      only to the following persons or entities in the performance of their duties:
             628          (i) a law enforcement agency, including the prosecuting agency;
             629          (ii) a victims' right committee as provided in Section 77-37-5 ;
             630          (iii) a governmentally sponsored victim or witness program;
             631          (iv) the Department of Corrections;
             632          (v) the Utah Office for Victims of Crime;
             633          (vi) the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice; and
             634          (vii) the Board of Pardons and Parole.
             635          (12) The notice provisions as provided in this section do not apply to misdemeanors as
             636      provided in Section 77-38-5 and to important juvenile justice hearings as provided in Section
             637      77-38-2 .
             638          (13) (a) When a defendant is charged with a felony crime under Sections 76-5-301
             639      through 76-5-310 regarding kidnapping, human trafficking, and human smuggling; Sections
             640      76-5-401 through 76-5-413 regarding sexual offenses; or Section 76-10-1306 regarding
             641      aggravated exploitation of prostitution, the court may, during any court hearing where the
             642      defendant is present, issue a pretrial criminal no contact order:
             643          (i) prohibiting the defendant from harassing, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise


             644      communicating with the victim directly or through a third party;
             645          (ii) ordering the defendant to stay away from the residence, school, place of
             646      employment of the victim, and the premises of any of these, or any specified place frequented
             647      by the victim or any designated family member of the victim directly or through a third party;
             648      and
             649          (iii) ordering any other relief that the court considers necessary to protect and provide
             650      for the safety of the victim and any designated family or household member of the victim.
             651          (b) Violation of a pretrial criminal no contact order issued pursuant to this section is a
             652      third degree felony.
             653          (c) (i) The court shall provide to the victim a certified copy of any pretrial criminal no
             654      contact order that has been issued if the victim can be located with reasonable effort.
             655          (ii) The court shall also transmit the pretrial criminal no contact order to the statewide
             656      domestic violence network in accordance with Section 78B-7-113 .
             657          Section 17. Section 78B-7-113 is amended to read:
             658           78B-7-113. Statewide domestic violence network -- Peace officers' duties --
             659      Prevention of abuse in absence of order -- Limitation of liability.
             660          (1) (a) Law enforcement units, the Department of Public Safety, and the Administrative
             661      Office of the Courts shall utilize statewide procedures to ensure that peace officers at the scene
             662      of an alleged violation of a protective order or pretrial criminal no contact order have
             663      immediate access to information necessary to verify the existence and terms of that order, and
             664      other orders of the court required to be made available on the network by the provisions of this
             665      chapter [or], Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act, or Section 77-38-3 .
             666      Those officers shall use every reasonable means to enforce the court's order, in accordance with
             667      the requirements and procedures of this chapter [and], Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse
             668      Procedures Act, and Section 77-38-3 .
             669          (b) The Administrative Office of the Courts, in cooperation with the Department of
             670      Public Safety and the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division, established in
             671      Section 53-10-103 , shall provide for a single, statewide network containing:


             672          (i) all orders for protection issued by a court of this state; and
             673          (ii) all other court orders or reports of court action that are required to be available on
             674      the network under this chapter [and], Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act,
             675      and Section 77-38-3 .
             676          (c) The entities described in Subsection (1)(b) may utilize the same mechanism as the
             677      statewide warrant system, described in Section 53-10-208 .
             678          (d) All orders and reports required to be available on the network shall be available
             679      within 24 hours after court action. If the court that issued the order is not part of the state court
             680      computer system, the orders and reports shall be available on the network within 72 hours.
             681          (e) The information contained in the network shall be available to a court, law
             682      enforcement officer, or agency upon request.
             683          (2) When any peace officer has reason to believe a cohabitant or child of a cohabitant
             684      is being abused, or that there is a substantial likelihood of immediate danger of abuse, although
             685      no protective order has been issued, that officer shall use all reasonable means to prevent the
             686      abuse, including:
             687          (a) remaining on the scene as long as it reasonably appears there would otherwise be
             688      danger of abuse;
             689          (b) making arrangements for the victim to obtain emergency medical treatment;
             690          (c) making arrangements for the victim to obtain emergency housing or shelter care;
             691          (d) explaining to the victim his or her rights in these matters;
             692          (e) asking the victim to sign a written statement describing the incident of abuse; or
             693          (f) arresting and taking into physical custody the abuser in accordance with the
             694      provisions of Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
             695          (3) No person or institution may be held criminally or civilly liable for the performance
             696      of, or failure to perform, any duty established by this chapter, so long as that person acted in
             697      good faith and without malice.


[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]