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H.B. 235 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Lee B. Perry

Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the qualification criteria for process servers.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    clarifies who may serve judicial process in the state;
             13          .    prohibits a convicted felony sex offender or a person with a current protective order
             14      from serving process issued by a court;
             15          .    requires any service of process where there is a likely or imminent breach of the
             16      peace to be carried out by a law enforcement officer; and
             17          .    makes technical changes.
             18      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          None
             22      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             23      AMENDS:
             24          78B-8-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 413
             26      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. Section 78B-8-302 is amended to read:
             28           78B-8-302. Process servers.
             29          (1) Complaints, summonses, and subpoenas may be served by any person 18 years of

             30      age or older at the time of service, and who is not a party to the action or a party's attorney.
             31          (2) [The] Except as provided in Subsection (5), the following persons may serve all
             32      process issued by the courts of this state:
             33          (a) a peace officer employed by any political subdivision of the state acting within the
             34      scope and jurisdiction of the peace officer's employment;
             35          (b) a sheriff or appointed deputy sheriff employed by any county of the state;
             36          (c) a constable, or the constable's deputy, serving in compliance with applicable law;
             37      [and]
             38          (d) an investigator employed by the state and authorized by law to serve civil
             39      process[.]; and
             40          (e) a private investigator licensed in accordance with Title 53, Chapter 9, Private
             41      Investigator Regulation Act.
             42          (3) Private investigators licensed in accordance with Title 53, Chapter 9, Private
             43      Investigator Regulation Act[, may serve all forms of process in a civil proceeding, including
             44      bench warrants, however private investigators] may not arrest anyone pursuant to a bench
             45      warrant. [(a)] While serving process, a private investigator shall:
             46          [(i)] (a) have on the investigator's person a visible form of credentials and identification
             47      identifying:
             48          [(A)] (i) the person by name;
             49          [(B)] (ii) the person as a licensed private investigator; and
             50          [(C)] (iii) the name and address of the agency employing the investigator or, if the
             51      investigator is self-employed, the address of the investigator's place of business;
             52          [(ii)] (b) verbally communicate to the person being served that the investigator is acting
             53      as a process server; and
             54          [(iii)] (c) print on the first page of each document served:
             55          [(A)] (i) the investigator's name and identification as a private investigator; and
             56          [(B)] (ii) the address and phone number for the investigator's place of business.
             57          [(b) A private investigator may not use physical force or cause a breach of the peace

             58      while serving or attempting to serve process.]
             59          [(c) A complaint regarding a private investigator serving process may be made to and
             60      investigated by the sheriff of the county where the incident being complained of occurred. If
             61      the sheriff determines the complaint is credible, the sheriff may restrict or prohibit a licensed
             62      private investigator from serving any or all types of process within the county.]
             63          [(4) Other persons may serve process as prescribed by Subsection (1).]
             64          (4) Any service under this section where the use of force is authorized on the face of
             65      the document, a breach of the peace is imminent, or likely under the totality of the
             66      circumstances may only be served by:
             67          (a) a law enforcement officer, as defined in Section 53-13-103 ; or
             68          (b) a constable, as defined in Subsection 53-13-105 (1)(b)(ii).
             69          (5) The following persons may not serve process issued by the courts:
             70          (a) a person convicted of a felony violation of an offense listed in Subsection
             71      77-41-102 (16); or
             72          (b) a person who is a respondent in a proceeding described in Title 78B, Chapter 7,
             73      Protective Orders, in which a court has granted the petitioner a protective order.
             74          [(5)] (6) A person serving process shall:
             75          (a) legibly document the date and time of service [and];
             76          (b) legibly print the person's name and address on the return of service[.]; and
             77          (c) sign the return of service in substantial compliance with Section 78B-5-705 .

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